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TO H1 'ATHOLIC MAJESTY.

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OF

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SPAIN & PORTUGAL

100 By
Von-Thomas Tipos

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13 Longitudi East

ANNUAL REGISTER,

OR GENERAL REPOSITORY OF

HISTORY,

POLITICS,

AND

LI T E R A T U RE,

For the YEAR 1808.

TO W PICU 13. PREPIXED

The HISTORY of KNOWLEDGE, LEARNING, and TASTE,

in GREAT BRITAIN; diving the Reign of Queen Anne, -Part II.

WITH A NEW MAP OF SPAIN,

BY DON THOMAS LOPEZ,
TALPROVED FROM MENTELLE's NINE-SHEET MAP.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR JOHN STOCKDALE,

PICCADILLY.

PUBLIC Liuliani
152027

ASTOR, LE rua AND
TILDE: FOUNDATIONS.

K TAYLOR & Co., Shoc Lane ; T, GILLET, Crown Court, Fleet Street ;

& T. DAVJsor, Lombard Street, Whitefriars; Printers.

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In presenting our Annual Volume to the public we feel
satisfied that no preface, either for specific detail or studied
eulogium, can be necessary. The plan of the work is suf-
ficiently known ; but of the general performance we may
be permitted to remark, that if favourable acceptance be
deemed a just criterion of literary execution, we shall be
justified in reviewing our labours with no inconsiderable
feelings of satisfaction. Gratitude for favours received, has
operated as a stimulus to increased exertions, and we offer
the present Volume to the public, in the confidence that it
is entitled to, and will experience, similar approbation with
those which have preceded it.

We may, perhaps, be excused again adverting to those
efforts by which we have been enabled to procure so
early a publication of the Volume, and to give it in this re-
spect a superiority over every other work of a similar de-
scription ;-a superiority which few will estimate lightly, and
which those particularly, 'who are eager to convey to their
friends in remote settlements the earliest arranged intelli-
gence of the events transacted on the theatre of Europe in
the preceding year, will know how to appreciate.

It is with regret that we find ourselves, in the Historical Department of our Labours, compelled still to detail the atrocities and ravages of war; and that we see year after year pass away, marked by all the crimes of ambition and all the virulence of hostility. To observe and narrate the a 2

progress

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progress of science and the arts, of wise legislation, philoso. phic research and internal improvement, would to us be infinitely more pleasing, than to exhibit that moving picture of guilt and bloodshed, of privation and calamity, to which, through theunion of extraordinary talents, ambition, and success in a single individual, the province of historic annals is now almost exclusively confined. During a great part of the preceding year, the patriotic and benevolent were animated by the hope that a barrier was about to be raised against the oppression under which the civilised world has so long groaned. The flame of opposition kindled in Spain, by the succession of frauds and violences which the despot of the Continent employed against its independence, excited an enthusiasm which the wise were unwilling to repress by calculation, and which in the sanguine was connected with the certainty of success.

To aid in its accomplishment the blood and treasure of this country have been employed with an Atinjost byspaning: hand. But the result, hitherto, it must be acknowledjad, has little tended to verify the fond expreciados vitich were excited ; and which, it will be seen fir another part of the Volume, we cherished with the warmest enotions of our hearts. Still we cannot, we will not, despair : we will not abandon as lost the cause, which is not only the cause of every European nation, but that for which it is the bounden duty of them all to contend with the best energies that they possess. We trust, and, from the papers contained in the present Volume, we know, that the patriots of Spain did not un. dertake a defence of their rights without counting the costs; --without calculating upon much suffering, and many

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