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Execution is the carrying into effect of the final judgment of a court. Writs of execution issued by the courts are carried out by the sheriff; those issued by the justices of the peace, by the constable.

Executor is a person that is named by the maker of a will to carry out its provisions.

Felony is an offense which at common law occasioned the forfeiture of goods or lands, or both, to which capital or other punishment was added according to the degree of guilt. In Pennsylvania the term is appplied to such offenses as were felonies at common law and to such offenses as are denominated felonies by the statute providing for their punishment.

Franchise is a privilege vested in individuals by the government, most commonly applied to the privilege of voting and the special rights of corporations.

Frank is the privilege of sending and receiving letters free of postage. For instance, postmasters need not stamp their official letters.

Guardian is a person appointed by the Orphan's Court of the county in which a child resides to take charge of the person or estate of such child, or of both its person and estate, during its minority; also, the person to whom a father by his last will devises the custody of his child or children during minority.

Habeas Corpus is the great remedial writ of the English law in all cases of illegal confinement. It commands the person detaining another to produce the body of the prisoner with the day and cause of his arrest and detention, to do, submit to and receive whatsoever the judge of the court awarding the writ shall consider in that behalf. In Pennsylvania a writ of habeas corpus may be issued by

any judge of the Supreme Court, the president or any associate judge of the Court of Common Pleas, or any judge of the Court of Quarter Sessions of the County of Philadelphia

Hard Labor is, in connection with imprisonment in the penitentiary, a punishment frequently inflicted upon persons convicted of certain offenses. It implies no more than ordinary industry at some mechanical trade.

High Seas signifies the unenclosed waters of the ocean on the sea coast, which are without the boundaries of low water mark.

Impanel, to write the names of a jury on a schedule.

Impeachment is a formal accusation brought against a civil officer. Under the Constitution of the United States the President, Vice-President, and all civil officers of the United States shall be removed from office on impeachment for and conviction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. Under the Constitution of Pennsylvania the Governor and all civil officers are liable to impeachment for any misdemeanor in office. The sole power of impeachment is in the House of Representatives, and the power to try impeachments is in the Senate. The concurrence of two-thirds of the members present is necessary to a conviction. Municipal officers are liable to impeachment in the manner provided by law.

Incumbrance is whatever charges, burdens, obstructs, or impairs the use of an estate in land, or prevents or impairs its transfer.

Indictment is a written accusation of one or more persons of a crime or misdemeanor, preferred to and presented upon oath by a grand jury.

Injunction is a judicial process, operating in personam, and requiring the person to whom it is directed to do or refrain from doing some particular thing.

“Jeopardy of Life or Limb" was originally used with reference to the danger of the combatants in trial by battle. A person is in legal jeopardy when put upon trial before a court of competent jurisdiction, under an indictment or information sufficient in form and substance to sustain a conviction, and a jury has been charged with his deliverance, that is, empanelled and sworn. Both the Constitution of the United States and of the State of Pennsylvania provide that a person shall not be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb for the same offense. In Pennsylvania this provision applies only to capital cases.

Judgment is the sentence of the law pronounced by the court upon the matter contained in the record. The term is commonly applied to the amount of debt or damages recovered in a suit at law before a court and jury, or before a court alone, or before a justice of the peace or alderman in a case within their jurisdiction. Such judgment, when properly entered on record in the prothonotary's office, becomes a lien upon the real estate of the person against whom it is rendered. A debtor may voluntarily confess a judgment to his creditor for an amount acknowledged to be due, and this, when entered in the prothonotary's office, also becomes a lien upon his land.

Law, Common, is a collection of maxims and customs of higher antiquity than memory or history can reach.

Law, Statute, is the written law made by the law-making power—the legislature

Letters Testamentary or Letters of Administration are respectively the authority given by the register of wills to

an executor or to an administrator, by which the latter takes charge of the estate which he is to settle.

Libel is a malicious defamation of any person, made public by printing, writing, signs or pictures, in order to provoke him to wrath, or expose him to public hatred, contempt or ridicule.

Major is one who has arrived at the age of twenty-one.

Mandamus is the emphatic word in the Latin form of the writ of that name. A writ of mandamus is a command issuing from a court of competent jurisdiction, in the name of the state or sovereign, directed to some inferior court, officer, corporation or person, requiring them to do some particular thing therein specified, and which appertains to their office or duty. "In Pennsylvania the writ issues in the name of the Commonwealth.

Minor is a person under twenty-one.
Misdemeanor is a term usually applied to minor offenses.

Mortgage is a pledge of real estate by a debtor to his creditor as security for a debt.

Naturalization is the act of making an alien a citizen of the United States.

Nolle Prosequi is a record entry that the prosecutor does not care to proceed further in the particular case. In Pennsylvania no district attorney shall in any criminal case enter a nolle prosequi, either before or after bill found, without the assent of the proper court in writing first had and obtained.

Non compos mentis signifies not of sound mind, memory, or understanding.

Oath is a solemn calling on God to witness the truth of what is said, to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.

Perjury is a crime committed when a lawful oath is administered in some judicial proceeding, to a person who swears wilfully, absolutely and falsely in a matter material to the issue or point in question. The law takes no notice of any perjury not committed before a court of justice or officer having the power to administer an oath.

Personal Property is all movable chattels and things thereunto incident; property that may attend a man's person wherever he goes.

Presentment is an accusation by a grand jury made from their own knowledge against a person, without an indictment being laid before them; thus, a presentment may be made of a nuisance in a public building.

Prima Facie means on the face of it or as it appears first; as, the holder of a check endorsed in blank is prima facie its owner.

Proxy is a person appointed in place of another to represent him; as, stockholders can vote by proxy at the election of directors.

Quo Warranto, in England, is a writ in the nature of a writ of right for the King, against him who claims or usurps any office, franchise or liberty, to inquire by what authority he supports his claim in order to determine the right. In Pennsylvania the writ issues in the name of the Commonwealth.

Quorum is the number of persons in any organized body required to do business. When a body consists of a definite number of members, a majority constitutes a quorum, unless the law prescribes another number.

Real Property consists of such things as are permanent, fixed, and immovable; as land, tenements and hereditaments of all kinds.

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