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The Outlook








The Outlook

SEPTEMBER 6, 1916 ijs,
Offices, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York


again a glance at the map shows how danRUMANIA JOINS THE ALLIES

gerous to Bulgaria's safety is the threatened The long-expected entrance of Rumania attack by Rumania from the north, at the into the world war became an actuality on very time when the five nations represented August 27, on which date formal declaration in the armies north of Salonika threaten of war against Austria-Hungary was made at Bulgaria on the south. the Rumanian capital, Bucharest. It was Austria-Hungary, and particularly Hunfollowed immediately by counter-declarations gary, are now in what seems to be almost a of war both from Germany and Austria- precarious state. Austria has to fight eneHungary. The reasons officially assigned mies on several fronts ; Italy's recent capture are as follows:

of Gorizia and repulse of the Austrian offenFirst-The Rumanian population in Austrian

sive from Trent shows that heavy forces must territories, Transylvania and the Bukowina, is be used to hold that part of the Austrian exposed to the hazards of war and of invasion. line; the Austro-German armies which swept

Second-Rumania believes that by interven- through Servia are facing the impending ing she can shorten the world war.

advance from the Allies now in Greece; on Third-Rumania places herself on the side of

the Rumanian border the third battle-line is of those Powers which she believes can assist her no little importance. farther north the Rus. most efficaciously in realizing her national

sian attack in Galicia and the other Russian ideals.

-attack in the vicinity of Lemberg are still to Fighting of an unimportant character be stopped or held in check. It is no wonder instantly followed-if it did not, as some that great agitation and discontent exist in say, precede—the actual issue of the declara- Hungary, nor that there are again rumors tion of war. It was well known in advance that Bulgaria may withdraw from her alliance that Rumania had her forces fully mobilized with the Central Powers, while the situation both along that portion of her border which of Turkey is hardly less desperate. One lies south of Transylvania in Hungary and recent serious blow to Turkey has been the that portion which lies directly north from reoccupation of Bitlis, in Asia Minor, by the Bulgaria. The clash of arms took place near Russian troops operating in that vicinity the Transylvanian frontier.

under the general command of the Grand The importance of Rumania's final decision Duke Nicholas, as also the recapture of is great both from the military and the political Mush ; both of these places have changed point of view. It is a diplomatic victory for hands twice. A general advance of Russia the Allies which atones for former blunders in along its Asian front is supposed to be in their Balkan diplomacy. A glance at the map progress. on the next page will show how the new sit- The political and moral significance of uation involves a combined attack by Russia Rumania's participation in the war, combined and Rumania in the Bukowina region. with the declaration of war made by Italy on Russia already holds Czernowitz, which is all Germany on August 27, are evident. The but on the border of Rumania. There are mere fact that a new body of troops of perindications that Russia is gathering large haps half a million men enters the field on forces in this vicinity ; and without difficulty the side of the Allies must have an effect on she can here act in unison with Rumania, the situation. That Greece, after its long while the latter nation can push forward an period of hesitation and uncertainty, may army from the south over the mountains into declare war is probable, and the more so Transylvania, thus leaving that province, because of Bulgaria's recent invasion of which it is Rumania's ambition to possess Greek territory. Venizelos, speaking in Athafter the war, in an angle between two dan ens to an enormous demonstration in favor gerous enemies. As to Bulgaria's position of the Allies at which fifty thousand persons

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