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use of written and spoken appeals to Congress, to American citizens, and to the public opinion of the world, as has Woodrow Wilson. His utterances have shaped events, not only in the current sense but in the larger aspects of history. His Messages to Congress have been unusual in their frequency, vital in their relation to policies, and notable in the fact that he has appeared in person to present them. All of these Messages are published in this little volume.

Besides these Messages to Congress, however, he has made many important addresses of a semi-official nature since assuming the Presidency, while he has been the author of a series of diplomatic notes and of proclamations relating to international affairs that constitute state papers of the highest significance. These documents also are included in the present volume, together with much material of Presidential authorship relating to the conduct of the war and to the policies of the Government.

The remarkable literary quality of Mr. Wilson's addresses is only eclipsed by their statesmanlike character in relation to public affairs of great moment. His sentences and paragraphs, in their discussion of world affairs, have helped to crystallize the vague longings of right-thinking men in all nations into something like definite policies for permanent peace on the basis of democracy and international justice. This collection of state papers and Presidential utterances is not, therefore, of transitory interest and importance, but of permanent value; and it ought to be in the home and at the hand of every intelligent citizen.

ALBERT SHAW.

CONTENTS

Specialın (April 8, 1913) :icences on Tar

PAGE

Biographical Sketch of Woodrow Wilson . . xi

First Inaugural Address (March 4, 1913) . . ..

Special Message to Congress, Urging Tariff Revi-

sion (April 8, 1913) . . . . . . . . 5

Statement Regarding “Lobby” Influences on Tariff

Legislation (May 26, 1913). . . . . .
Special Message to Congress, Urging Currency Legis-

lation (June 23, 1913) . . . . . . .

Address at Gettysburg Reunion (July 4, 1913). .

Special Message to Congress, on Mexico (August

27, 1913) · · · · · ·

Address at Rededication of Congress Hall, Phila-

delphia (October 25, 1913) . . . . . .

Address before Southern Commercial Congress,

Mobile, Ala. (October 27, 1913) . . . ..

First Annual Message to Congress (December 2,

1913)

· ·

·

Special Message to Congress, on Trusts and

Monopolies (January 20, 1914) . . . .
Proclamations concerning Shipment of Arms into

Mexico (February 3, 1914, and October 19, 1915)

Special Message to Congress, Urging Repeal of Free-

Tolls Provision for American Ships at Panama

(March 5, 1914) . . . . . . . . .

Special Message to Congress, on the Tampico Inci-

dent (April 20, 1914) . . . . . . .

Instruction to Attorney-General to Sue for Dissolu-

tion of New Haven Railroad Mergers (July

21, 1914) . .

. . . . . . . 63

CONTENTS-(Continued)

PAGE

254

257

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Protesting Against British Use of American Flag

(February 10, 1915) . . . . . .

223

Identic Note to Great Britain and Germany, Pro-

posing Solution of Blockade and Submarine

Controversy (February 20, 1915) . . . .

225

Pointing Out Irregularities in British and French

Blockade of Germany (March 5, 1915) . . 227

Denouncing British Blockade as Illegal (October

21, 1915) . . . . . . . . .

229

First “Lusitania" Note to Germany (Ma

1915) .

239

Second and Third "Lusitania" Notes (June

1915, and July 21, 1915)

244

Note to Austria, on the “Ancona" Sinking (Decem-

ber 6, 1916) . .
Note to Germany, on the “Sussex” Affair (April

18, 1916) . : : : : : : iisi
Special Message to Congress on the "Sussex"

Affair (April 19, 1916) . . . . . .
Accepting German Agreement to Modify Sub-

marine War Against Merchant Ships (May 8,

1916) . . . . . . . . . . 269

Address before League to Enforce Peace, Washing-

ton (May 27, 1916) . . . . . . 271

Address before Press Club, New York (June 30,

1916) . . . . . . . . . . . .

Address at Salesmanship Congress, Detroit (July

10, 1916) . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Address at Citizenship Convention, Washington (July

13, 1916) · · · · · · · · · · · 290

Special Message to Congress, on Threatened Railroad

Strike (August 29, 1916) . . . . . . 294

Address Accepting Renomination, Long Branch (Sep-

tember 2, 1916) · · · · · · · · · 302

Address on Lincoln, Hodgenville, Ky. (September 4,

1916) . . . . . . . . . . . 319

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