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Why You Are Not Paying

30 Cents for Sugar

VEAR 1913

YLAR 1914

YLAR 1915

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YEAR 1918



In April, 1917, the cables told of a plan proposed by circumstances and seemingly to avoid paying proposed Herbert C. Hoover, then in London, which he described United States war taxes on refined sugar the European as “a plan by which the Allies can consolidate under one Allies purchased in Cuba the sugar which ordinarily would head the whole purchasing of food staples from our market, have come to the United States in the fall months. and not only will competitive bidding be abolished, but by

These conditions, and especially the necessity of saving co-operative buying on our side we can arrange the proper

ships, led the United States and the Allied Nations to balance between the rights of producers and consumers.”

urge upon the sugar industry the adoption by voluntary This plan was favorably received by the sugar refining agreement of the original Hoover plan, under the authority industry which has been on a war basis almost from the

of the Food Control Act passed August 10, 1917. beginning of the European War.

The cane sugar refiners and the beet sugar producers The war had brought the Allies into the Cuban market,

unanimously agreed to the Hoover plan as a patriotic act resulting in severe domestic and international competition

in the interest of the American people as an aid to the Allies. with no increased supplies. Naturally, prices of refined This is the significance of the appointment by the United sugar, both to the Amer

States Food Administraican public and to the

tion of the International Allies, rose under this

Sugar Committee to which forced draft.

the Allies send representa

tives for England, France, Domestic sugar refiners,

Italy and Canada, and to since the outbreak of the

which the United States European War not only

contributes three memhave safeguarded the

bers. United States supply, but have maintained the low

Upon the success of the est sugar prices in the

operation of the Internaworld. This brilliant rec

tional Sugar Committee ord is due largely to the

under the direction of the fact that sugar refining is

Allied Governments, actin the hands of large busi

ing for practically half ness units, with an excess

the civilized world, will of refining capacity suffi- MaextT QUOTATIONS - ROW SUGAR AND ROVED GRANULATED SUGAR-YEARS 1913,1914,1915, 1916.1917, 1918 - COMPARING AND Spawns PerininG DIPTERENCE

depend the readjustment cient to supply all do

PAW SUGAR (Duty Paid Doce)

of the world's sugar mestic needs, and so far all demands of foreign countries. markets. This plan is full of promise to all the nations

party to the convention. It is an assurance that sugar, In the spring of 1917 there was a serious attempt at the

although comparatively cheap in view of war conditions, disorganization of the sugar refining industry, following a

will not by reason either of competitive or speculative long series of attempts at destruction of sugar ships.

activity be increased in wholesale price. Accompanying these incidents were widely circulated sensational reports predicting a sugar famine and sugar

Sugar will become stabilized in price with sufficient shortage, causing widespread apprehension. At that time,

profit to producers, refiners and merchants to maintain even with the assurance of ample supplies on hand, retail

and stimulate production and to cover the cost of refining

and of distribution. sugar prices rose in some sections to 20 and 25 cents a pound.

: The marketing of Domino Cane Sugars in cartons and The efforts of the American Sugar Refining Company small cotton bags by this Company has helped amazingly to allay public alarm, to check hoarding, to accept a price

during the pinch of the fall months, in giving a wide less than that which it could easily have secured, and to distribution among the retailers of the reduced sugar distribute its product fairly and evenly among the trade, supply. were of real public service.

It will be necessary for grocers and consumers to While there were great supplies of sugar in far-away watch carefully their distribution and purchases during Java which ordinarily would have gone to Europe, yet the

the approaching period of readjustment. The refineries necessity for saving ships became so great that Europe are now starting up and supplies of raw sugar coming turned to Cuba for even larger supplies than previously.

forward, but it will take weeks, and possibly months, for

the return of normal conditions. It takes a cargo ship 150 days to make a round trip between England and Java, while a round trip between Housewives can aid in conserving the sugar supply by England and Cuba can be made in 50 days. Under these buying these package sugars.

In war times and at all times it is our aim to safeguard the interests of the public we serve.

American Sugar Refining Company

Sweeten it with DominoGranulated, Tablet, Powdered, Confectioners, Brown

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Vol. 118

January 23, 1918

No. 4


Each girl's personality observed
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An Announcement..................
One Cause of the Coal Shortage......
Fuel, Life-Saving, and Industry..
Should the Theaters be Closed ?....
More Food for Our Allies......
Speed Up the War ..
Our Airplane Programme.........
Cartoons of the Week ...
Two Gains for Woman Suffrage....
A Battle at Sea...................
The Futile Peace Parleys...
The Most Pious George.....
He Practiced What He Preached ....
We Should Not Bind Ourselves...
Our Part in a New World.
Not for Editors Only ...............
Nietzsche's Religion....................
Getting Things Done and Leaving Things

Undone : How the Navy Orders Its
Guns-Contrast with Army Delay-
Further Facts Brought out in the Senate
Investigation Secretary Baker's Test:
mony .............
German-Russian Peace......

By Samuel Colcord
Two Letters That Explain Themselves..
The President and Peace: A Poll of

Opinions............................. 136 New Rochelle : A Fine Type of the Ameri

can Small Town in War Time......... 137 Arthur McQuaid, American : The End of a Day..........

........... 138 By Herman Schneider The New Spirit of the New Army: The Miracle of Democracy................

Special Correspondence by Joseph H. Odell Current Events Illustrated.............. 143 Knoll Papers : The Making of a Minister

By Lyman Abbott
Ad Finem (Poem)....... ............ 148

By Jean Brooke Burt
Business to Win .............

............ 148 What the Women are Doing for Our Army

and Navy: The Hospitable Y. W.C. A.

in War Time......................... 149 Weekly Outline Study of Current History 152

By J. Madison Gathany, A.M. A Community Wood-Chopping Day..... 154

By Kenneth B. Welles A New Old Tune to “ The Battle Hymn of the Republic”.

156 American Library Association War Service 157 How Not to Invest..... .......... “Born and Bred in Kansas ". .......... The Rural School Speaks.......

By A. P. Hollis Old Ben Franklin on “Daylight Saving" 161 By the Way............................ 162


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Business Address

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JANUARY 23, 1918
Offices, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York

On account of the war and the consequent delays in the mails, both in New York City and on the railways, this copy of
The Outlook may reach the subscriber late. The publishers are doing everything in their power to facilitate deliveries

Laurence La Tourette Driggs, the aviation expert, whose stories of the daring air pilot Arnold Adair printed in The Outlook have proved to be not only absorbing tales of adventure but luminous accounts of the varied services of aviators in war time, has prepared for The Outlook a list of "aces” of aviation. This will appear in next week's Outlook—the first list of the kind, we believe, to appear in America. Accompanying the list will be an article on the subject by Mr. Driggs.


tion last week when he gave out the following “ sequence of The managers of factories which are now threatened with preference:” 1. To householders ; 2. To public utilities supplythe necessity of closing their doors, and the citizens who have ing light and heat ; 3. To ships transporting food and war been struggling to get a few hodfuls of coal in order that heat materials to the American and Allied armies ; 4. To industries less days shall not be added to the meatless and wheatless days · making war supplies ; 5. To other industries. prescribed by the Food Administration, have reason to recall to Opinions may differ as to the precise order here chosen, but their minds one of the fundamental facts responsible for the the method seems the only sensible one, since the free play of present shortage of coal.

demand and supply is impossible and undesirable under the Last June Secretary Lane called together the coal operators present Governmental control. It is to be assumed that hosand induced them to reorganize their systems of distribution in pitals are included in “public utilities ;" other lists made by order that the delivery of coal might be expedited. In agree

State officials place hospitals first. vent with the Secretary of the Interior the coal operators abso One New York paper last week bore the odd headline, lutely surrendered their power to fix prices and gave this power

“ Churches and Saloons Not to Close.” Schools have closed in without reserve to the United States Government. Thereupon

large numbers in New York and New England. the Secretary of the Interior, in conjunction with the Federal The wretched weather and storm conditions in the first half Trade Commission and the Coal Production Committee of the

mission and the Coal Production Committee of the of January made actual progress in providing a working supply Council of National Defense, fixed a scale of maximum prices of coal in New York and New England (to say nothing of rewhich they thought would assure the production of the maxi- serves) almost impossible, while Chicago has suffered from snow mum amount of coal at the lowest possible cost to the con and storm almost beyond endurance; and from the South came sumer.

reports of zero weather and worse in places where this was Secretary Baker and Secretary Daniels immediately there- unexampled, and of many consequent deaths from exposure. after repudiated this agreement, Secretary Daniels basing his Just as this page went to press the Fuel Administrator, Dr. action upon the fact that he had purchased coal at a much lower

Garfield, issued a drastic order closing factories (with certain figure for the Navy, and ignoring the fact that some mines have

wvv and jonoring the fact that some mines have exceptions) for five days and ordering Monday holidays to and a much lower cost of production than the average-for exam

including March 25. This has aroused a wide protest on the ple, because of low wages and low living conditions.

ground that it will cause as much waste and hardship as it It is said that the coal prices finally fixed by the Government will prevent. leil the operators to center their attention chiefly upon supplying the coal for which contracts already existed, to the detriment of that large portion of the consuming public which does SHOULD THE THEATERS BE CLOSED ? not ordinarily provide itself with contracts in advance. Some Among the schemes proposed to save coal has been that to of the coal operators complain that the Government price has close theaters and vaudeville and motion-picture houses three compelled them to supply coal at a loss to shipping firms that are days a week. making exorbitant profits from their business, shipping firms The effect of such a rule would be chiefly noticeable in New which in their own countries were compelled to pay a much York City, with its 118 places of such entertainment. They higher price for coal than they have found it necessary to pay burn some $2,500 worth of coal a day; were they closed in cold in the American market.

weather they would still have to burn much fuel to prevent the While the country is less interested in this phase of the prob. freezing of their sprinkler systems. lem than it is in the supply of coal for our homes, hospitals, and The attendant loss to the Government, however, of taxes industries, it is an item which should not be ignored when we on admission would much exceed any possible saving in coal. So come to sum up the loss to the country which resulted from the far from saving something to the Government, therefore, the repudiation of the Lane agreement.

scheme would work the other way and the saving of coal would be very slight.

But this is not all. At least twelve thousand employees, to FL'EL, LIFE-SAVING, AND INDUSTRY

say nothing of some thirty-five hundred actors and actresses, It may be that the question as to closing down non essential would be reduced to part pay on half-time employment. industries may be settled by the coal famine itself. If there is Nor is even this all. London and Paris bave long since not enough coal for every one, there must be either a haphazard recognized the theaters as distinct means of stimulating a scramble or a control of priority. The Government, in other cheery, soldierly spirit. All the theaters in those cities are words, need not order any industry or factory to close ; it may open and crowded. In New York ('ity there are very many simply see that coal goes first where it is most needed in a soldiers and sailors on leave. They seek warmth, light, and sound, humane, patriotic sense.

entertainment. They and their families and friends are now the Dr. (iartield, the Fuel Administrator, moved in this direc- most prominent patrons of the theaters. Incidentally never

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