« ПретходнаНастави »
Why You Are Not Paying
30 Cents for Sugar
WITH EUROPEAN ALLES
In April, 1917, the cables told of a plan proposed by circumstances and seemingly to avoid paying proposed Herbert C. Hoover, then in London, which he described United States war taxes on refined sugar the European as “a plan by which the Allies can consolidate under one Allies purchased in Cuba the sugar which ordinarily would head the whole purchasing of food staples from our market, have come to the United States in the fall months. and not only will competitive bidding be abolished, but by
These conditions, and especially the necessity of saving co-operative buying on our side we can arrange the proper
ships, led the United States and the Allied Nations to balance between the rights of producers and consumers.”
urge upon the sugar industry the adoption by voluntary This plan was favorably received by the sugar refining agreement of the original Hoover plan, under the authority industry which has been on a war basis almost from the
of the Food Control Act passed August 10, 1917. beginning of the European War.
The cane sugar refiners and the beet sugar producers The war had brought the Allies into the Cuban market,
unanimously agreed to the Hoover plan as a patriotic act resulting in severe domestic and international competition
in the interest of the American people as an aid to the Allies. with no increased supplies. Naturally, prices of refined This is the significance of the appointment by the United sugar, both to the Amer
States Food Administraican public and to the
tion of the International Allies, rose under this
Sugar Committee to which forced draft.
the Allies send representa
tives for England, France, Domestic sugar refiners,
Italy and Canada, and to since the outbreak of the
which the United States European War not only
contributes three memhave safeguarded the
bers. United States supply, but have maintained the low
Upon the success of the est sugar prices in the
operation of the Internaworld. This brilliant rec
tional Sugar Committee ord is due largely to the
under the direction of the fact that sugar refining is
Allied Governments, actin the hands of large busi
ing for practically half ness units, with an excess
the civilized world, will of refining capacity suffi- MaextT QUOTATIONS - ROW SUGAR AND ROVED GRANULATED SUGAR-YEARS 1913,1914,1915, 1916.1917, 1918 - COMPARING AND Spawns PerininG DIPTERENCE
depend the readjustment cient to supply all do
PAW SUGAR (Duty Paid Doce)
of the world's sugar mestic needs, and so far all demands of foreign countries. markets. This plan is full of promise to all the nations
party to the convention. It is an assurance that sugar, In the spring of 1917 there was a serious attempt at the
although comparatively cheap in view of war conditions, disorganization of the sugar refining industry, following a
will not by reason either of competitive or speculative long series of attempts at destruction of sugar ships.
activity be increased in wholesale price. Accompanying these incidents were widely circulated sensational reports predicting a sugar famine and sugar
Sugar will become stabilized in price with sufficient shortage, causing widespread apprehension. At that time,
profit to producers, refiners and merchants to maintain even with the assurance of ample supplies on hand, retail
and stimulate production and to cover the cost of refining
and of distribution. sugar prices rose in some sections to 20 and 25 cents a pound.
: The marketing of Domino Cane Sugars in cartons and The efforts of the American Sugar Refining Company small cotton bags by this Company has helped amazingly to allay public alarm, to check hoarding, to accept a price
during the pinch of the fall months, in giving a wide less than that which it could easily have secured, and to distribution among the retailers of the reduced sugar distribute its product fairly and evenly among the trade, supply. were of real public service.
It will be necessary for grocers and consumers to While there were great supplies of sugar in far-away watch carefully their distribution and purchases during Java which ordinarily would have gone to Europe, yet the
the approaching period of readjustment. The refineries necessity for saving ships became so great that Europe are now starting up and supplies of raw sugar coming turned to Cuba for even larger supplies than previously.
forward, but it will take weeks, and possibly months, for
the return of normal conditions. It takes a cargo ship 150 days to make a round trip between England and Java, while a round trip between Housewives can aid in conserving the sugar supply by England and Cuba can be made in 50 days. Under these buying these package sugars.
In war times and at all times it is our aim to safeguard the interests of the public we serve.
American Sugar Refining Company
“Sweeten it with Domino” Granulated, Tablet, Powdered, Confectioners, Brown
TABLE OF CONTENTS
January 23, 1918
THE MISSES ALLEN SCHOOL
Each girl's personality observed
WEST NEWTON, Mass. NEW JERSEY Bordentown Military Institute Thorough preparation for college or business. Efficient faculty, small classes, individual attention. Boys taught how to study. Military training. Supervised athletics. 32d year. For catalogue address Bordentown, N. J. Col. T. D. LANDON, Principal.
THE OUTLOOK IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 FOURTH AVENUE, NEW YORK. LAWRENCE F. ABBOTT, PRESIDENT. N. T. PULSIFER, VICE-PRESIDENT. PRANK C. HOYT, TREASURER. ERNEST H. ABBOTT, SECRETARY. TRAVERS D. CARMAN, ADVERTISING MANAGER. YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONSPIFTY-TWO ISSUES - FOUR DOLLARS IN ADVANCE ENTERED AS SECOND-CLASS MATTER AT THE NEW YORK POST-OFFICE
Miss Beard's School for Girls Orange, New Jersey. Booklet on request.
MISS LUCIE C. BEARD, Principal.
Kent Place: A School for Girls Home School for Backward Children and Youth
SUMMIT, N. J. (near New York) Founded by Mrs. W. D. Herrick, in 1881. Indi Mrs. PAUL, Miss WOODMAN, Principals vidual training, securing most satisfactory results in selfcontrol, articulation, and application in work and play. Open all the year. Exceptional opportunity for permanent pupils.
For nearly sixty years
pursuit. Actual pracA School for Girls. ANDOVER, MASS. Founded 1828.
tice in required duties. 23 miles from Boston. General course with Household
Accounting Banking, Science. College Preparation. Horseback riding and outdoor
Civil Service, Secretarial sports. Address MISS BERTHA BAILEY, Principal.
and Teachers' courses. Both sexes. Has trained more than
fifty thousand of America's successMASSACHUSETTS, Barre.
ful men. Open all the year. Enter A Private Home and School for
any week-day. Catalog on request. Deficient Children and Youth.
C.C. GAINES, Box 673, Poughkoopsie, N.Y. Skillful and affectionate care. Invigorating air. 250-acre larm. Home dairy. All modern conveniences. Personal companionship. Heglth, happiness, efficiency. 69th year.
The training Address GEORGE A. BROWN, M.D., G. PERCY BROWN, M.D. Young Women to Learn Nursing The
Yonkers Homeopathic Hospital and Maternity offers opportunity to young women to learn nursing. Accepted candi
dates receive board, lodging, laundry, and compensation Founded in 1886. Resident and day pupils. Schoolhouse and weekly during period of training. Full particulars gladly Residence, modern, separate buildings. General and College sent on request to Miss McLIMONT, Supt., Yonkers, N. Y. preparatory courses. Art, Gardening. Swimming. Athletics. RUTH COIT, Head Mistress,
36-40 Concord Ave., Cambridge, Mass. ISI t. John's Riverside Hospital Training WALNUT HILL SCHOOL
School for Nurses
YONKERS. NEW YORK
Registered in New York ştate, offers a 3 years' course-a general training to refined, educated women. Require
ments one year high school or its equivalent. Apply to the MISS CAPEN'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS
Directress of Nurses. Yonkers, New York. For many years known as “The Burnham School.”
PENNSYLVANIA 42nd year opens September, 1918. Correspondence should be addressed to
School of Horticulture for Women
Ambler, Pennsylvania. Two years' practical and theoretical Miss B. T. CAPEN, Principal,
NORTHAMPTON, Mass. course in Horticulture. Next entering class for diploma stu
dents, January 15, 1918. Fall course of ten weeks for amateurs began September 11th. Write for particulars. Early registration advised. ELIZABETH LEIGHTON LEE. Director. Box 103
The Cambridge School for Girls
Undone : How the Navy Orders Its
By Samuel Colcord
Opinions............................. 136 New Rochelle : A Fine Type of the Ameri
can Small Town in War Time......... 137 Arthur McQuaid, American : The End of a Day..........
........... 138 By Herman Schneider The New Spirit of the New Army: The Miracle of Democracy................
Special Correspondence by Joseph H. Odell Current Events Illustrated.............. 143 Knoll Papers : The Making of a Minister
By Lyman Abbott
By Jean Brooke Burt
............ 148 What the Women are Doing for Our Army
and Navy: The Hospitable Y. W.C. A.
in War Time......................... 149 Weekly Outline Study of Current History 152
By J. Madison Gathany, A.M. A Community Wood-Chopping Day..... 154
By Kenneth B. Welles A New Old Tune to “ The Battle Hymn of the Republic”.
156 American Library Association War Service 157 How Not to Invest..... .......... “Born and Bred in Kansas ". .......... The Rural School Speaks.......
By A. P. Hollis Old Ben Franklin on “Daylight Saving" 161 By the Way............................ 162
Course of forty lessons in the history, form,
by Dr. J. Berg Esenwein, for years
Also courses in Photoplay Writing, Dr. Esenwein Versification and Poetics, Journalism.
In all, over One Hundred Courses, under professors in Harvard, Brown, Cornell, and other leading colleges.
250.Page Catalog Free. Please Address The Home Correspondence School
Dept. 68, Springfield, Mass.
Write for THE LAW
Free Book Tells
How You Can Learn Law
We Bring the Law to You
Learn the law-it trains you for the
bigger positions in life.
Blackstone Institute for 118
Dert. No. 211 page Free 608 S. Dearborn St. Book Now
Through these associated schools Hartford offers Dean, M: W. JACOBUS
ample training, both scholarly and practical, for the
Christian ministry; meets the present demand for School of Religious Pedagogy
trained lay workers in church, Sunday-school and
edagogy social service; and gives special missionary preparaDean, E. H. KNIGHT
tion for the foreign field. Each of these schools bas Kennedy School of Missions
its independent faculty and its own institutional life,
18 but together they form one interdenominational inSecretary, E. W. CAPEN
stitution with the unity of a common aim and spirit.
BY SUBSCRIPTION $4.00 A YEAR. Single copies 10 cents. For foreign subscription to countries in the Postal Union, $3.136.
Address all cominunications to
THE OUTLOOK COMPANY 381 Fourth Avenue
New York City
How a big man played an up-hill game and
the highest standing is represented in the
When E. M. Paget took charge of the Sales Department of the Iliff-Bruff Chemical Company, Chicago, the problem was to market the product of a new concern in an already crowded field and at a time of great business depression.
It was freely predicted that he would fail within six months. But this man's back was to the wall. It was strictly up to him. He had to make good-How?
The determination to win was there all right. But Mr. Paget realized that he had to have a broader business training to carry his determination thru.
An enrolment for the Modern Business Course and Service of the Alexander Hamilton Institute was the answer to this question.
So Mr. Paget enrolled. With the unfolding of this vast fund of business knowledge, he applied the first principles he thus acquired to his own business needs.
Slowly but surely one and all of the obstacles were overcome. His knowledge was
sound And Mr. Paget now says—“I . look back at the lean months we had experienced, and when I contrast the wonderful business we are now doing, I know it is not enough to simply have a superior product, a well-managed factory and a loyal organization fired with push and energy.
“One must understand the great business fundamentals. He must know how and why certain methods have led to success, while others, many of which we are prone to almost unconsciously adopt, spell only failure.”
He says further: "If the total cost of the Sales Department in . any other line were figured against the total cost of my department, it would probably be found that we are operating at a SITUIMITOVANANTIRIYOTINIOTININTERCOMITHEO TUTTUURIPTP
smaller percentage of expense
E. M. Paget,
Sales Manager, great many of which were gath
Chemical Co., ered from your Course.” What results training
along with ambitious young men brings
in their employ. Here was one Sales Manager
Among the 65,000 subscribers are -one of thousands—who won
such men as A. T. Hardin, Vice-Presiout by absorbing basic facts dent of the New York Central Lines; by getting down to the bare E. R. Behrend, President of the Hamfundamentals of business and
mermill Paper Co.; N. A. Hawkins,
Manager of Sales, Ford Motor Co., fitting them to the job he had · William C. D'Arcy, President of the to do.
Associated Advertising Clubs of the And, the answer? When Mr.
World; Melville W. Mix, President of
the Dodge Manufacturing Co., and Paget took charge of the Sales
scores of others equally prominent. Department, his salary was
In the Standard Oil Company 291 $3,600 per year. His earnings men are enrolled in the Alexander have now reached a point at Hamilton Institute; in the United tained by few Sales Managers.
States Steel Corporation, 450; in the
National Cash Register Company, This man only one
194; in the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company, 108; in the General Elec of many
tric Company, 300—and so on down The same business informa
the list of the biggest concerns in
America. tion which this man applied so successfully to his business is
Advisory Council available, too, to you. If you
Business and educational authority of own a business—if you are an
Advisory Council of the Institute. executive —if you hope to be an
This Council includes Frank A. Vanderexecutive—you need this Course.
The Alexander Hamilton Institute gives you the best thought and experience of thousands of
economist; and Joseph French Johnson, successful business men—brings it to you in the most practical, most interesting, easily readable
“Forging Ahead In form for absorption in your leis
Business" ure time.
Learn how you can develop yourself as In the final analysis you and
Mr. Paget did, to become a bigger, better
working executive. every other man in business are
Every man and woman with either a selling one thing-service.
business or a career to guide to bigger. Every source that can be
ness," which we will send you free. drawn on for the improvement
Simply fill out and send the coupon below. of self—for the betterment of that product—is worthy of the
Alexander Hamilton little time, the little effort, you
Institute are obliged to give.
49 Astor Place, New York City ' This same material which has
Send me "FORGING AHEAD helped hundreds of other men to
IN BUSINESS" — Free success will be yours to use as a guide to certain business growth.
rint here The kind of men enrolled Presidents of big corporations are often enrolled for the Modern Business Course and Service
lip, President of the National City Bank of New York: Judge E. H. Gary, head of the United States Steel Corporation; John Hays Hammond, the eminent engineer; Jeremiah W. Jenks, the statistician and
Dean of the New York University School of Commerce.
surer success, should read our interesting 112-page book, "Forging Ahead ij Busi
of self on for the that
JANUARY 23, 1918
On account of the war and the consequent delays in the mails, both in New York City and on the railways, this copy of
Laurence La Tourette Driggs, the aviation expert, whose stories of the daring air pilot Arnold Adair printed in The Outlook have proved to be not only absorbing tales of adventure but luminous accounts of the varied services of aviators in war time, has prepared for The Outlook a list of "aces” of aviation. This will appear in next week's Outlook—the first list of the kind, we believe, to appear in America. Accompanying the list will be an article on the subject by Mr. Driggs.
THE WEEK ONE CAUSE OF THE COAL SHORTAGE
tion last week when he gave out the following “ sequence of The managers of factories which are now threatened with preference:” 1. To householders ; 2. To public utilities supplythe necessity of closing their doors, and the citizens who have ing light and heat ; 3. To ships transporting food and war been struggling to get a few hodfuls of coal in order that heat materials to the American and Allied armies ; 4. To industries less days shall not be added to the meatless and wheatless days · making war supplies ; 5. To other industries. prescribed by the Food Administration, have reason to recall to Opinions may differ as to the precise order here chosen, but their minds one of the fundamental facts responsible for the the method seems the only sensible one, since the free play of present shortage of coal.
demand and supply is impossible and undesirable under the Last June Secretary Lane called together the coal operators present Governmental control. It is to be assumed that hosand induced them to reorganize their systems of distribution in pitals are included in “public utilities ;" other lists made by order that the delivery of coal might be expedited. In agree
State officials place hospitals first. vent with the Secretary of the Interior the coal operators abso One New York paper last week bore the odd headline, lutely surrendered their power to fix prices and gave this power
“ Churches and Saloons Not to Close.” Schools have closed in without reserve to the United States Government. Thereupon
large numbers in New York and New England. the Secretary of the Interior, in conjunction with the Federal The wretched weather and storm conditions in the first half Trade Commission and the Coal Production Committee of the
mission and the Coal Production Committee of the of January made actual progress in providing a working supply Council of National Defense, fixed a scale of maximum prices of coal in New York and New England (to say nothing of rewhich they thought would assure the production of the maxi- serves) almost impossible, while Chicago has suffered from snow mum amount of coal at the lowest possible cost to the con and storm almost beyond endurance; and from the South came sumer.
reports of zero weather and worse in places where this was Secretary Baker and Secretary Daniels immediately there- unexampled, and of many consequent deaths from exposure. after repudiated this agreement, Secretary Daniels basing his Just as this page went to press the Fuel Administrator, Dr. action upon the fact that he had purchased coal at a much lower
Garfield, issued a drastic order closing factories (with certain figure for the Navy, and ignoring the fact that some mines have
wvv and jonoring the fact that some mines have exceptions) for five days and ordering Monday holidays to and a much lower cost of production than the average-for exam
including March 25. This has aroused a wide protest on the ple, because of low wages and low living conditions.
ground that it will cause as much waste and hardship as it It is said that the coal prices finally fixed by the Government will prevent. leil the operators to center their attention chiefly upon supplying the coal for which contracts already existed, to the detriment of that large portion of the consuming public which does SHOULD THE THEATERS BE CLOSED ? not ordinarily provide itself with contracts in advance. Some Among the schemes proposed to save coal has been that to of the coal operators complain that the Government price has close theaters and vaudeville and motion-picture houses three compelled them to supply coal at a loss to shipping firms that are days a week. making exorbitant profits from their business, shipping firms The effect of such a rule would be chiefly noticeable in New which in their own countries were compelled to pay a much York City, with its 118 places of such entertainment. They higher price for coal than they have found it necessary to pay burn some $2,500 worth of coal a day; were they closed in cold in the American market.
weather they would still have to burn much fuel to prevent the While the country is less interested in this phase of the prob. freezing of their sprinkler systems. lem than it is in the supply of coal for our homes, hospitals, and The attendant loss to the Government, however, of taxes industries, it is an item which should not be ignored when we on admission would much exceed any possible saving in coal. So come to sum up the loss to the country which resulted from the far from saving something to the Government, therefore, the repudiation of the Lane agreement.
scheme would work the other way and the saving of coal would be very slight.
But this is not all. At least twelve thousand employees, to FL'EL, LIFE-SAVING, AND INDUSTRY
say nothing of some thirty-five hundred actors and actresses, It may be that the question as to closing down non essential would be reduced to part pay on half-time employment. industries may be settled by the coal famine itself. If there is Nor is even this all. London and Paris bave long since not enough coal for every one, there must be either a haphazard recognized the theaters as distinct means of stimulating a scramble or a control of priority. The Government, in other cheery, soldierly spirit. All the theaters in those cities are words, need not order any industry or factory to close ; it may open and crowded. In New York ('ity there are very many simply see that coal goes first where it is most needed in a soldiers and sailors on leave. They seek warmth, light, and sound, humane, patriotic sense.
entertainment. They and their families and friends are now the Dr. (iartield, the Fuel Administrator, moved in this direc- most prominent patrons of the theaters. Incidentally never