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and has not only enjoyed prosperity, but has given some of the for. Let me only say that I am surprised that a larger pubnoblest examples to the world. In America large numbers of licity was not given to the following statements, which are to volunteers have been raised among the Czechs, Jugoslavs, and be found in “ Die Freie Zeitung,” organ of the German demo Poles who had emigrated, and now go to fight against their crats who emigrated to Switzerland (October 30, 1917): “ The old rulers in the name of American freedom, which they have interior composition of Austria-Hungary was the source of all enjoyed. (I myself saw the departure of one thousand Serbians, European troubles, and will continue to be if the monarchy substill subjects of the Emperor, who left the State of Pennsyl- sists in one form or another. ... Austria's dissolution is the vania to fight in the ranks of the Allies.)
only way of making its democratization possible. ... To let There is a strange comparison to draw between Austria-Hun- Austria persist after this war, through some petty political gary and the United States of America. Both are a mixture of 'opportunism' which only the Governments know and not the races. But opposite principles have brought opposite results. peoples, would be to betray the future peace.” One nation was formed with the free consent of its people, the To-day the whole world, which was almost unanimously indif. other is a feudal construction imposed by force. One is clean ferent about it in 1912, is awakened. Every one knows that and prosperous, the other corrupt and decaying. One is strong “there is something rotten” in the Empire of Austria. In and growing, the other self-disintegrating.
fact, the whole thing is rapidly crumbling into something else. I shall not quote the many liberal writers who have tried to The question now is this: Will that "something else" be reveal what the Austro-Hungarian Empire is made of and made established by us, without us, or against us ?
BOY. CULTURE AND AGRICULTURE
BY ARTHUR D. CHANDLER
This is the last of three stories about the boy problem and the attempt to solve some phases of it at a Boys' Farm in New Jersey. The first, “The Little Red Farm-House," appeared in The Outlook for December 19, and the second, “A Derelict from Norway,” December 26.—THE EDITORS.
III—THE STORY OF HARRY CAMPBELL, A BOY WHO CAME THROUGH “ A RE you part Scotch ?" I asked. “No, sir,” said Harry; promptly answered every question I had asked, without so A “I'm Scotch, all Scotch."
much as the ficker of an eyelash; no regret, no whimpering, 1 1 Harry Campbell was serving his third term in an in- no show of feeling of any kind. But the plot was so elaborate, stitution for the reformation of delinquent boys. But reforma so unusual, and so bold that I knew I had before me the maktion didn't seem to take with Harry. Every time he was paroled, ing of a first-class crook or a fine and forceful man. How could back he came again in a short time, a little“ harder” than before. I crack that Scotch shell ?
A third term was too much for a boy“ all Scotch.” He chafed Turning to leave him, I said, “ Harry, do you think I am under institutional restraint, longing for his old “pals ” and the your friend ?” When the answer came, quickly, “Yes, sir," I lawless freedom of the street.
knew that sooner or later I would get him—but how? Three times and out-out with a clean getaway. The idea “At the meeting of the trustees to-night," I said, “they will took entire possession of his mind-all through the day, in probably vote to send you to the reformatory, because they school, at work, in bed at night. For six weeks Harry planned think your influence over the other boys here is bad. I will see and plotted to escape.
you again after supper before the meeting of the trustees." He had known many other boys who had tried to get away, And then I left him. only to be brought back ignominiously by the neighboring A Scotch boy can do a lot of thinking in two hours ; but when farmers, always on the lookout for the five-dollar bills offered Harry Campbell stood before me again I could see no change as a standing reward for the return of runaways.
whatever in his appearance. His jaws were set and his face was But Harry was “all Scotch," and he had thought it through as hard and expressionless as before. to the end. He must get some money somehow and some clothes “Harry," I said, " tell me about yourself. Where does your not recognized by the alert farmers as institution uniforms. A father live ?” natural-born leader, Harry had let into the plot three other “In - with a woman who isn't my mother." inmates and had sworn them to secrecy.
" Where does your mother live ?” The plot had failed-completely failed—and Harry was in a “In — with a man who isn't her husband.” peck of trouble, marooned in a big dormitory, securely fastened “ Where do you live when you are not here?” to a steam-pipe with a bracelet and chain.
“I go to my father's and he kicks me out, then I go to my Here it was that I first met Harry Campbell.
mother's and she kicks me out." " I'm Scotch-all Scotch,” was his reply to my first question. At a loss to know just what to say next, I ventured, “ Do you
Bit by bit he told me the truth-the whole truth-about the love your mother, Harry?” plot, taking all the blame to himself; how for about six weeks “I hate her,” he said, with surprising emphasis. Here was an he and three other “guys ” had been planning to make a get opening, and I was not slow to take advantage of it. away-planting a hatchet in one place and an iron in another “Harry, you told me this afternoon that I was a friend of to have them handy when the best time came; how they had yours, and so I am. You tell me now that you hate your mother. been on the point of “knocking out” the house master several Let me tell you something. I am three times as good a friend of times, but something interfered. Harry denied that they ever yours now as I was before you told me you hated your mother." thought a blow with such a weapon might kill. They planned only Harry seened just a little puzzled, and for the first time to stun him, then steal his money and his keys, and with his keys showed the slightest interest. I went on, looking him straight unlock the closet where the clothes of the incoming boys were in the eye along my extended finger. stored, change from their uniforms, and make a break for liberty. “I once had a mother. Every good thing that ever came to
One Sunday morning as the boys were dressing, an Italian boy, me has been on account of that mother.” egged on by Harry, approached the house master from behind His Scotch shell cracked—just a little, but enough; my hand while seated and struck the blow. At the sight of the blood which touched his elbow-only slightly-he was Scotch, you know. spurted from a scalp wound Tony dropped his weapon and The unfamiliar, sympathetic, human touch reached the hidden rushed to the wash-room for a wet towel to stop the bleeding. spring of Harry's soul-his eyes filled with tears.
Did you say, “ Hit him again, Tony ?" I asked. “ Yes,” said “You're always getting in bad and you're up against it now Harry," but the guy was so scared at the sight of blood he just because you never had the kind of a mother mine was.” wouldn't do it.” I was stumped. Here was a boy of sixteen with A t those words the fountain of his Scotch soul gave way in a face as hard as any crook's at forty. For half an hour he had tears ; unconscious and unaccustomed tears ran in streams down Harry's impassive face-not a whimper or a motion of his hand In a short time Harry was paroled for good behavior and went, to brush them away.
at his own request, to a place where no one would know him. "Do you want the trustees at the meeting to-night to send Harry looked me up soon after the first pay-day came around, you to the reformatory ?”
proud in a new cap and radiant over a brilliant new necktie, “Yes, sir," came the unexpected reply.
paid for with the first money he had ever earned. “ Why is that ?” said I.
Conscious of a new-born self-respect, he said: “Don't let the “'Cause everybody here's got it in for me.”
parole officer come to see me ever. I can make good faster if “ What makes you think that's so ?”
he never comes around.” “ 'Cause some of the guys say I'm a stinker' and Mr. “Some fine day, Harry,” I said, “ you'll wake up and find . Stanton called me a 'cur."
you've made a real man of yourself.” “ Well, what do you think about it yourself? You might have “A Scotchman-that's the kind of a man you mean, I suppose.” been a murderer ; can you blame them much ?”
“Say, Harry, how would you like to have me tell you a real “No, sir.”
honest to God'Scotch story?” “ Do you think you have been punished enough, Harry?” E “ All right,” said Harry. asked, expecting the usual reply.
He seemed eager to hear it. There was a reason why I told it to “No, sir,” came the nervy answer through his tears.
him. Perhaps there is as good a reason why I should tell it here. “Why do you say, 'No, sir,' to that?”
"It is something that happened to me in Edinburgh when I “ 'Cause of the thing I done.”
was just a few years older than you are now-how I came to “ Then you think it was pretty bad yourself, do you ?” have a Scotch mother. You see, I have had two mothers of the “Yes, sir.”
right kind, so of course it has always been easy for me to be good. “Now, Harry, listen to me. If the trustees vote to-night to "When a kid's three thousand miles from home in a big send you to the reform school because they think you're too city like Edinburgh, as I was once upon a time, day after
hard for this place, you will be one of the youngest boys day seeing only strange faces, by and by you get sort of lonethere among five hundred pretty tough guys—you'll be put wise some and you want to have somebody smile at you and say, to a lot of crooked things. You'll be a real crook when you get "Good-morning. For more than a week nobody smiled at me out, and stay a crook all your life, probably land in State's except the collie dogs. Every little while one would come along prison later on. Do you want to be a crook, Harry ?”
and find out with his nose what kind of a guy I was, then let “No, sir," came the emphatic reply...
me smooth his head while he smiled back at me by wagging his “ Honest now, do you want to be a man ?”
tail. It's lots of comfort to have a dog smile at you with his With no less emphasis he replied, “Yes, sir.”
tail when you're lonesome. “Well, Harry, I'm going to try to-night to get the trustees “One day in Grey Friars—that's an old burying-ground in to give you another chance. Before I go away to-morrow morn Edinburgh-I met a Scotch woman. Her hair was gray. She ing I will send for you again. I'll have just one more question seemed to be about the same age as my own mother in America. to ask you."
Perhaps she knew I was a little homesick, and she just wanted It was decided that night to postpone action for thirty days to be kindly. Anyway, we got to talking as we walked along and give Harry another chance. The next morning a changed with her little party. boy stood before me. The hard, haunted, desperate look, as of “What the guide said about the dukes and the lords who were some wild animal at bay, had vanished. The tears began to flow buried there I have forgotten. The place was full of themdown his softened face before I had spoken a word.
must have planted one on top of the other sometimes, I guess. “The question I want to ask you is this : If no one will “But there's one little grave there, Harry. People come a ' have it in for you,' do you want to stay here and get another long way to see that little grave, hardly more than a foot long. chance to make a man of yourself ?”
They leave more tears on that little grave than on all the other That Scotch lad—all Scotch-who told the truth, the whole graves put together." truth, took all the blame, and then took his punishment like a “Baby's grave ?” man, without a whimper, and wanted more because he thought “No. Just a dog's grave. Bobby-Grey Friars Bobby—they he deserved it, the hardest guy among six hundred, stood before call him. Some one wrote a whole. book about that dog. One me, the tears again streaming down his face, and in a voice kind lady built a monument to Bobby just outside the gate. scarcely audible replied, “ Yes, sir."
“It's funny, isn't it," said I, “ that people should have for: At the time Harry was given another chance a duck pond gotten all those swell guys who were buried there and only was just being made into a large swimming pool. He was put remember and weep over the grave of that little Scotch dog ? to work with other boys building a cement wall around the Believe me, Harry, that dog had a heart! When his master died,' pool and laying the bottom of the pool with cement.
he just came and lay down on the grave and moaned. He didn't Our Scotch lad was a husky boy; he loved to work, and sleep. He wouldn't eat a thing the children brought to him ; very soon assumed the leadership of his working gang. A little he was just skin and bones when he died of a broken heart." later on, to the surprise of all, the gang did not knock off at “Geel but that was some dog! Good night!” said Harry. four o'clock when play time came, but willingly worked on till “ Sure that was some dog, but let me go on about the old supper-time, at six o'clock. A week or so went by; bedtime Scotch lady-she was some mother, too! came; the house master was astonished to discover his flock “The next day and the next, I went around with that little was “shy" about a dozen boys. A hasty search located them party seeing all the sights of Edinburgh. From this time on at the swimming pool hard at work under the leadership of I'm going to be your Scotch mother,' said Mrs. Henderson. 'I Harry Campbell.
want you to come, laddie, and live at my home as long as you Gradually the smiles broke through Harry's mask as the stay in the city. Now that I am your Scotch mother, you must work rapidly progressed. Now and then he talked a little. The obey me and come right away.' swimming pool was finished by the end of June, filled with “After I had lived with my good old Scotch mother nearly a clear water, and the boys—three hundred of them--shouting month the time came to say good-by.' As I was going away and laughing, Harry Campbell in the lead, plunged in.
I said, “How can I ever pay you back for all the kind things As a " means of grace” for all the boys the swimming pool was you've done for me ? "You don't need to ; just pass them along a huge success, but for Harry Campbell it was indeed a new birth. to some one else,' she said. “Sometime you may meet a Scotch
At their first meeting after the pool was finished the trustees laddie who's in trouble. Help him out--that's the way you can sent for the boys to whom belonged the chief credit for the rapid pay me back.'” and excellent work they had done.
** Then that's why ?” said Harry. Into the board room marched a dozen or more boys behind “Yes," said I. * That's why.” their leader, the justly proud and happy Harry Campbell, his As for the story of Harry himself, let me add that promotions upright bearing and cheerful countenance in strange, almost and better jobs for him came along in quick succession. One amazing, contrast to his dejected and sorrowful appearance in day Harry appeared in a brand-new soldier's uniform. To-day the same room only three months before.
he is “Somewhere in France.”
WEEKLY OUTLINE STUDY OF
HOPE STREET HIGH SCHOOL. PROVIDENCE, R. I.
Based on The Outlook of December 26, 1917 Each week an Outline Study of Current History based on the preceding number of The Outlook will be printed for the benefit of current events classes, debating clubs, teachers of history and of English, and the like, and for use in the home and by such individual readers as may desire suggestions in the serious study of current history.-THE EDITORS.
[Those who are using the weekly outline should Reference : Editorial, pages 674, 675; 678, not attempt to cover the whole of an outline in any
679. one lesson or study. Assign for one lesson selected
Questions: qnestions, one or two propositions for discussion, and only such words as are found in the material 1. What are the facts of the railway assigned. Or distribute selected questions among problem as reported by the Inter-State different members of the class or group and have
Commerce Commission and found in The them report their findings to all when assembled. Then have all discuss the questions together.)
Outlook? 2. What differences are there
between Government supervision, Govern1-NATIONAL AFFAIRS
ment operation, and Government ownerA. Topic: The Outlook and the War; A ship of railways? In which does The Personal Letter.
Outlook believe? Mr. Price? In which do Reference: Editorial, page 673; Mr. L. F. you? 3. What reasons does The Outlook have
Abbott's letter, opposite page 698. for its belief about railways? What does Questions :
Mr. Price have for his belief? What do you 1. How do you account for the fact that have for your belief? 4. How explain the The Outlook ventures to advocate certain fact that Government ownership of railthings and principles when such are not pop- ways has been recognized by almost every ular? 2. What do you think of an individual civilized nation except Great Britain and who stops his subscripton to a magazine America ? 5. What has the ownership and because he finds in it now and then views management of railways to do with the with which he does not agree? 3. What is prices of the necessities of life? Explain your opinion of a paper or journal whose and illustrate. 6. Do you think that the fundamental purpose is to please its sub- services of the railways are so fundamental scribers ? 4. What have Outlook sub- to our life that they cannot with safety be scribers in recent letters said about The left in private hands? 7. Present arguments Outlook? 5. Give several reasons why re- for private ownership of railways. Do likenewing one's subscription to The Outlook wise for Government ownership of them. and getting others to subscribe to it is per- Which arguments appeal to you more forming a patriotic duty, and making more strongly? Why? 8. Discuss somewhat at efficient citizens? 6. To what extent is it length a number of the statements made in a duty to get others to read such a journal each of the concluding paragraphs of the as The Outlook ? 7. Write a letter to the references given for this topic. President of The Outlook Company telling D. Topic: Universal Military Training. him just what you think of The Outlook, Reference: Editorial, pages 675, 676. why you think so, and suggest to him how Driestions : you think The Outlook could be improved.
* 1. For what reasons does the Secretary of B. Topic: National Prohibition.
War, Mr. Baker, have so little interest in Reference: Page 668; editorial, pages the question of universal military training 673-674.
at the present time? 2. For .what reasons Questions :
does The Outlook disagree with Mr. 1. Explain fully how the Federal Consti- Baker? 3. Were you called upon to make a tution is amended. 2. What are the pro decision, which would you uphold as to univisions of the Prohibition Amendment to versal military training, Mr. Baker or The the Federal Constitution? 3. Give several Outlook? What are your reasons ? 4. To reasons why the United States is not now what extent should an individual be able a “bone dry ” Nation? 4. What informa- to protect his own property and his life? tion has The Outlook given as to the pres. How, in your opinion, can this best be ent status of prohibition in America? Add done? a number of other facts. 5. According to
II—PROPOSITIONS FOR DISCUSSION The Outlook, what causes have led Con
(These propositions are suggested directly or indigress to submit this Amendment to the rectly by the subject-matter of The Outlook, but States? 6. The Outlook is not sure that not discussed in it.) Congress has done wisely in submitting 1. It is impossible to negotiate a lasting this Amendment at the present time. For peace. 2. It is the duty of every citizen to what reasons ? 7. Can you construct an subscribe to some periodical such as The argument showing The Outlook that Con- Outlook. 3. The life of America can circugress has acted wisely in this matter? late only through the railways. 8. What does The Outlook believe that
111-VOCABULARY BUILDING Congress ought now to do about National
(All of the following words and expressions are prohibition ? Discuss. 9. Can you present found in The Outlook for December 26, 1917. Both one or more reasons why both boys and before and after looking them up in the dictionary or girls and men and women should drink elsewhere, give their meaning in your own words.
The figures in parentheses refer to pages on which intoxicating liquors? Tell what this ques
the words may be found.) tion suggests to you. 10. Just what are you
Amendment, notification (668), majorgoing to do to arouse public opinion either
ity, opportunism, local option, vodka, abfor or against the ratification of the Prohi
sinthe, beer, liquor, “ patent medicines," bition Amendment? Your reasons.
public opinion (673,674), mergers, pooling, C. Topic: The Governnient and the Rail laissez faire, rebates, exigencies (674, 675), ways.
rolling stock, equitable system (678, 679). A booklet suggesting methods of using the Weekly Outline of Current History will be sent on application
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THE NEW BOOKS
This department will include descriptive notes, with or without brief comments, about books received by The Outlook. Many of the important books will have more extended and critical treatment later
FICTION Wander-Ships. Folk-Stories of the Sea. By
Wilbur Bassett. The Open Court Publishing
Company, Chicago. Sailors' legends of uncanny ships-" reward ships, punishment ships, specter ships, ships of the death voyage, and devil ships” -are here told, with copious notes which, to our thinking, have more of the real nautical flavor than the stories themselves as here presented. The telling of folk-lore stories effectively requires either verbatim reporting from an original “ source” or the fine art of an Uncle Remus.
Life and Time. By Francis Hobart Herrick,
This book supplements the admirable work prepared by Mrs. Audubon and edited by Dr. Elliott Coues called “ Audubon and His Journals.” It does more, because it is a formal and complete biography and because it includes many letters and facts not heretofore published. Audubon was one of the most interesting of persons, whether as a naturalist or as a talker and thinker. Happy the collector who possesses his great work on the birds of America, with its individually painted plates! Mark Twain's Letters. Arranged, with Com
ment, by Albert Bigelow Paine. 2 vols. Illustrated. Harper & Brothers, New York. $4. If any one is inclined to think that Mark Twain was a professional humorist who made fun in order that he might make money (and this opinion has been entertained in some quarters), we think that these letters should suffice to correct the error, for they are characterized by the same exuberant exaggeration and the same rollicking humor which characterizes his published writings. Those characteristics are evidently the spontaneous expression of himself. In realing these letters one sits down at the fireside or the table or in the camp or on the steamboat with Mark Twain and hears him in the untutored and unstudied expression of his own unique personality. Mr. Andrew Lang Says in his introduction to “ Chuzzlewit” that Mark Tapley is “ unconvincing.” If he had read Nark Twain's letters, he would have perhaps entertained a different opinion, for the Mark Twain of history is quite as jolly as the Mark Tapley of fiction, and the greater the difficulties which either confronts the greater is his jollity. The letters are well edited, with such historical comment as is needed to make them understandable and no more. Master of the Hill (The). A Biography of
John Meigs. By Walter Russell Bowie. Illustrated. Dodd, Mead & ('o., New York. S. At the time of his death The Or tlook published its estimate of John Meigs is master of his school and architect and builder of men, “ a sculptor working on live clay." It is enough for us to say here that this book, written by one who was first his pupil and afterwards a teacher in his school, is pervaded by his spirit of absolute sincerity. It is appreciative, warmly affer. tionate, even at times eloquently enthusiastic, but it is not indiscriminating; it recognizes the master's faults as well as his virtues with a frankness which would delight him and which bears the impress
(ANUARY at “The Linen Store " will be a month of
opportunity for the far-sighted—the opportunity not only to I purchase at favorable prices, but also to anticipate coming increases in price. The world-wide scarcity of flax which has heretofore come in large measure from Belgium and Russia, the difficulties of obtaining labor for manufacturing Linen, and the high rates for ocean transportation have combined to increase the cost of Linens. Further and greater increases have already been announced. During 1918 it is going to be more and more difficult to get Linens at any price. Only extensive and fortunate buying many months ago has enabled us to keep prices at the level now prevailing at “The Linen Store."
Therefore, you will find it decidedly advantageous to lay in your supplies at this time. The goods which we are now able to offer you could not be duplicated today at anywhere near their present prices.