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Our Country Must Be
IN this time of unprecedented national peril and world peril, America must be strong I with the strength of unity-one nation. America must be bound together, as it is
today, not so much by the machinery of Government, as by Ideas, held in common by all and fully exchanged, so that all the people throughout the country may understand and sympathize with one another. This is what has brought this great nation together and holds it together.
This result has been accomplished primarily by the Press-particularly the weekly and monthly periodicals and business papers. These periodicals have not local or sectional bias; they go to all parts of America, and serve all parts alike; their great service is in helping to bring all sections close together into one great nation, through a common understanding.
The New Books (Continued) of his character. It will be welcomed as a memorial by many of his pupils and his contemporaries, but it will also, we hope, inspire to a manly, Christian life many who never personally knew the great teacher. Wessel Gansfort. Life and Writings. By Edward
Waite Miller, D.D. Principal Works Trans lated by Jared Waterbury Scudder, M.A. Illustrated. 2 vols. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New
York. $4. Next to Wyclif, “the morning star of the Reformation," ranks the illustrious Wessel as a precursor of Luther. The authors of these volumes have redeemed from long forgetfulness a theologian greatly admired by Luther. Luther's famous theses assailed the abuse of Papal indulgences. Wessel attacked the system itself as unscriptural and harmful to morality. His attitude was distinctly Protestant, holding to the Bible as the supreme authority in religion, and to Christ rather than the Pope as giving unity to the Church. In his view of the sacraments he anticipated the most radical of the Reformers. A biography of Wessel introduces the estimate of him as a herald of the Reformation. Following this the more significant of his writings are here for the first time translated from their original Latin.
ESSAYS AND CRITICISM On Contemporary Literature. By Stuart P.
Sherman. Henry Holt & Co., New York. $1.50.
The author is at the head of the Department of English Language and Literature in the University of Illinois. He here discusses freely and unconventionally what he considers “ the requisites of sound literature” in different periods, using the work of individual authors to bring out his own views. These can be best indicated here by quoting two or three of his extremely interesting titles. Thus we have “ The Democracy of Mark Twain,” “ The Utopian Naturalism of Wells,” “ The Æsthetic Idealism of James,” “ The Æsthetic Naturalism of Moore,” 6 The Barbaric Naturalism of Dreiser,” and so on.
WAR BOOKS Defenders of Democracy. Edited by the Gift
Committee of the Militia of Mercy. President's Edition. Illustrated. The John Lane Company, New York. $2.50.
A medley of good things from many famous authors and artists. There is something here to entertain every one, even if he opens the book with a prejudice against such collections. The reader, indeed, is twice blessed who buys this book, for not only will it interest him, but the purchase of it will help the families of our wounded sailors. France Bears the Burden. By Granville
Fortescue. The Macmillan Company, New York. $1.25. Readable sketches of war-time activities at the front and behind the lines in France. The sacrifices and the burdens so cheerfully borne by the French are accurately and vividly described by a war correspondent who has a record as a fighter as well as a writer. Harry Butters, R. F. A. : “ An American
Citizen." Life and War Letters. Edited by
A charming young soldier is here revealed. While the book will be of greatest interest to those who personally knew him, the descriptions of life at the front are so graphic that even the casual reader will be absorbed by them and regret the tragie finale.
But such a disastrous result is not only possible, but probable, unless the present law pertaining to second-class postage is repealed before it goes into effect. Postal legislation was enacted in the present Revenue Bill, which divides the country up into “zones " and increases the average carrying charge upon magazines and periodicals from 50 to 900 per cent.
These nation-binding periodicals are confronted with certain injury and destruction—which means loss to you personally and loss to your country. It will destroy a large part of the periodicals. You will be deprived of the magazines that have kept you informed on your country's problems, that have helped you in your work. Your children will lose the clcan publications that have entertained and helped educate them. And eventually, such magazines as do survive will cost you much more.
The Post Office Department has never been considered a money-making institution. It was established, as was the Department of Agriculture, for the benefit of the people. There is no deficit to make up, therefore
No increase is necessary. Last year the Post Office Department earned a surplus of nearly $10,000,000
The Post Office was never intended as a tax-gathering institution. It was basically designed to give service to the people—to all the people at the same rate. The Publishers are not trying to evade taxation. They will gladly accept any rate of tax upon their profits that may be levied. Most of them have gone on record as being willing to turn over to the Government their entire net profits for the period of the war.
This is the time of all times when America must be a united America-one nation strong with the strength of unity. Let your influence be used to that end and write to your Senator and Representative in Congress urging them to vote for the repeal of this law, which, unless repealed by the present Congress, will go into effect on July 1st. Every such letter will help.
The Authors' League of America, Inc.
REX BEACH, President Executive Committee-GERTRUDE ATHERTON, GELETT BURGESS, CHANNING POLLOCK, ALICE DUER MILLER, GĘORGE BARR McCuTCHEON, HARVEY O'HIGGINS, LEROY Scorr, Jesse Lynch WILLIAMS, Louis Joseph VANCE, HELEN S. WOODRUFF
DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL
and the cost of doing it. In practically every instance the truck has shown great reductions instead of increases in the maintenance cost. Records of trucks are compared with those of former years, and this has aided the farm superintendent in establishing himself as an economic factor rather than an item of expense.
It is therefore apparent that transportation problems on the farm which were impossible are now but ordinary tasks for a properly designed motor truck. Farmers and estate owners are beginning to realize that many more tasks can be accomplished
more economically and much more quickly Believing that the advance of business is a subject of vital interest and importance, The Outlook will present in this department each month an article treating some phase
by motor, and thus new uses are discov
ered every day and many 'long-established of the country's commercial development. These articles will be educational in character
methods of doing farm work are underand will set forth in a comprehensive way the industrial upbuilding of the Nation. This department is designed to be of service to readers of The Outlook, and inquiries in regard
going radical changes. to industrial subjects will be answered by letter or in these pages. All letters of inquiry should be addressed to the Industrial Editor of The Outlook, 381 Fourth Ave., New York
One of the most perplexing problems
which wholesale and retail merchants have THE MOTOR TRUCK IN 1917
to solve is how to reduce the cost of deliv
ery. Most of the leading truck manuPART II
facturers now maintain special research M H IS department in The Outlook for admit that the motor truck on the farm to departments, whose province it is to give
December 19 presented a brief re- day has no rival as far as utility is con the merchant, whether a prospective buyer view of certain uses of the motor cerned. It makes itself felt when the estate or not, a scientific analysis of his par
truck in war work and in relieving owner counts the cost. Farm hands have ticular haulage problems. One large comthe railways of the great transportation time for work that could not be done before pany, through its advertising, invites merdemands which they have suddenly had to the trucks came to the farm. The station chants to send in their haulage problems meet. The present article will deal with wagon has been discarded. Fewer work to its traffic engineers. Merchants are certain fields of usefulness into which horses are necessary. The light spring asked to give the equipment they are now the motor truck has entered in times of farm wagon is unnecessary. There is a re- using, general conditions of road, weather, peace, and will show how truck manufac- duction in the cost of feed, stabling, and and loads, present cost of operation, loadturers are helping many American business grooming. In addition barn space is re ing, unloading, and routing conditions. men to solve the difficult problem of cut leased for other purposes.
From these data an analysis is prepared ting down the high cost of retail and whole The advent of the truck upon the farm showing the merchant just what changes sale delivery.
has brought a new type of man to superin would be advisable and how he would profit tend the work that is now being conducted by the use of trucks. These analyses have
on a broader and more extensive scale, to been of great benefit to the merchant. The food question is now of the greatest drive the machines and care for their inci. They have shown him how to secure better importance. The war may be won or lost dental needs. It has given practical me service at a lower cost. by food or the lack of it. The farmer is chanical educations to the farm hands and The Research Department of another having great difficulty in keeping enough sons of the estate owners. In the great well-known company has furnished us with labor to harvest and deliver his crops. Any majority of cases the power vehicle has the following examples of how it is saving means which helps him solve these diffi- been the means of displacing two or three money for small merchants by putting their culties is therefore of the greatest value men, half a dozen work horses, and occa- delivery systems upon an efficient basis. In under present conditions. Instead of rid- sionally road horses, depending upon the many cases this saving in delivery cost ing all night behind a slow-moving team to type of machine used.
marks the difference between the success get his products to market, the modern Since the high-powered motor truck has or failure of the business. Each case is an farmer, equipped with motor trucks, starts become an intricate part of the country instance of saving in time or money, usually out at a reasonable hour and yet beats his estates and high-class farms, farm life and both, effected by displacing the horse with less progressive neighbor. On his return methods have been completely and quickly a delivery car. This tabulation fails to show trip from the city he brings back household revolutionized. To-day the truck is in increased territory covered, new business staples, fixtures for the stable, dairy, poul- volved in practically every phase of agri. added, and deliveries made on schedule time try yard, kennel, and various other sup- cultural life. It performs many widely in all kinds of weather, which helps greatly plies. In addition to hauling products of differing duties, all at a great saving of in holding the good will of the customer. the garden, orchard, and farm to the city time and labor costs, and has so increased
Percentage of Time Saved.
Delivery markets, many of the trucks are provided the amount of work possible in any given
Hours. Money Saved. Cost Saved. with removable seats, which makes them period of time that the country gentleman Grocer 6 daily $442.82 yearly 20.4 easily convertible for passenger service. who owns a well-managed estate now con Sm, fish 525 monthly 320.00 monthly 50 Frequently they are used to transport pas- siders from one to three trucks a necessity,
Milkman 2 daily
345.00 yearly 66.3 sengers and baggage between railway sta- and is loud in his praise of the “iron Bottler
1,290.00 “ 56.5 tions and the house. The heavy duty trucks horse's ” performance.
Baker 104 monthly 236.00 monthly 68.7 have extra large bodies to provide for In many instances exacting records are Laundry 3 daily 340.00 yearly 54.4 great bulk as well as great loads. These kept of the volume of work the truck does Wholesale and retail merchants have trucks usually displace from one to three of the largest farm wagons and from two to eight horses. They are used in hauling hay, grain, corn, oats, and wheat to the grist-mills, and in many cases are used also for transporting milk cans from the farm to railway or interurban milk depots.
On the farm, motor trucks carry soil, fertilizer, garden tools, and farm products. They also haul shrubbery, plants, trees, and cattle. In an emergency the power of the truck can be used to drive an electric generator or water pump, to pull a plow, or operate a threshing machine. Formerly the operations that are now possible with a single truck required several pieces of special machinery that aggregated a heavy financial investment. Large estate owners
TRANSPORTING FARM PRODUCE BY MOTOR TRICK
a series of uniformly sized bins, such as are used to move material or finished goods from one department to another.
A motor truck with a specially designed body containing all the conveniences of an office and protected against highway bandits is used by the Chicago surface railway lines to carry the pay envelopes of thousands of their employees to car barns and other widely scattered districts.
In some cases the truck merely transports paymasters and large suns of money from one car barn to another. In other's trips of several miles are made into the country to pay off line and track men and gangs engaged in special construction work, such
as the building of new bridges, tunnels, LOADING A DELIVERY TRUCK WITH A “NEST” BODY
buildings, and general track improvements.
The truck has accommodations for four different problems to solve, as loading, un- labor but do not disturb their general plan paymasters, a chauffeur, and a guard, all loading, and delivery are on such vastly of handling goods.
of whom go heavily armed. The paymasdifferent scales. The wholesaler attempt In many lines of business the loading of
ters are provided with swivel chairs and ing to move many barrels of four on a packages individually is just about as waste work at tables which hang on hinges and half-ton truck would be as foolish as the ful as the loading of a coal truck by shovel. may be dropped down when not in use. baker who used a five-ton truck to deliver Undoubtedly the special loading systems The table in the center of the office, as his loaves from door to door.
which are most popular and most easily shown in the accompanying photograph, is Efficiency and economy are effected only installed in mercantile lines of business are used for making up pay-rolls while the truck by adapting the transportation unit to the those which employ nest bodies, removable is en route, and within easy reach on either burden to be carried.
bodies, or loading crates. Being adapted side are shelves for money trays. The winIn this connection it has been established to the handling of many kinds of merchan- dows are protected by iron bars and conby the parcel post authorities in Washing- dise, all of these removable types have nected with an alarm system. ton that eighty-five per cent of all mer- been widely used with good results. It is In paying direct from the truck the chief chandise delivered by retail merchants can not recorded that any firm ever changed paymaster sits at the extreme end of the be most efficiently and economically trans- its facilities after having once adopted the office, takes the pay envelopes from the ported in loads up to one-half ton. It is unit-loading principle.
shelf, and passes them out to the workmen obvious, therefore, that a heavy truck with Any plan which reduces the idleness of through a wicket in a window on his left. a half-load is an economic waste, and a a truck at the loading platform is an im- While the men are receiving their money light truck with a heavy overload bears an provement worth making, provided only the guard stands on duty in the rear of the unfair burden. The intelligent merchant can that the time saved to the truck can be office and the chauffeur guards the front. figure out his daily delivery average in utilized in actual hauling. To reduce the When the truck is traveling through the pounds, and any up-to-date motor-truck P-to-date motor-truck
loading time to
its lowest point is to streets, all money and other valuables are salesman will gladly help him determine create many advantages other than enabling carried in a special steel vault built in the on the delivery unit best suited to his indi- a truck to deliver more merchandise. In body of the truck behind the rear seat. vidual requirements. .
giving a truck more hours of productive
the loading of the detached bodies at the Satisfying the taste of the “ movie ". We have been hearing a great deal of
most convenient time and in the most con- going public for frequent changes of prothe British “ tanks,” which sally forth over
venient manner. It saves space on the grammes has speeded up the duties of the seemingly impassable ground and generally
shipping-room floor, eliminates congestion film producers, necessitating outdoor moreach their objective. Large three or four
on the platform, and often simplifies the tion-picture photography at night. At first ton trucks are being used as tanks on the work of routing and checking.
the problem of proper lighting cause.
Another point in favor of the nest body cattle and sheep ranges of Texas and New
the producers considerable inconvenience, Mexico to carry water to the animals which
is that its adoption does not in any way
adoption does not in any way because at many outdoor locations where have grazed far from the source of supply.
affect the original carrying capacity of the motion pictures are made at night there are These trucks are equipped with tanks hold
truck, because the truck may be used with no near-by electric lines that can be tapped ing from three hundred to three hundred
out the nests whenever it is advisable or for current. The Vitagraph Company of
necessary. and fifty gallons of water. When filled, they
America was the first to solve this problem
Nest bodies may consist simply of successfully by providing a portable lighting start off over the open prairie where loads
smaller bodies mounted on casters and are unknown until they reach the cattle.
system, consisting of an electric generator Hauling water in this way is the only built in such size that they will roll into the
mounted on a five-ton motor truck. This outmethod of watering the stock on many of
truck bodies. Or they may be composed of fit can supply sufficient light for the filming these big ranches, so great dependence
of night scenes in the largest productions, must be placed upon the ability of the
and the truck, because of its ability to travel trucks to perform their work. Many of the
over any kind of roads, can reach any detrucks sold in this part of the country are
sired spot. driven overland from fifty to three hun
The body of the truck is van-like in dred miles and delivered to the owners.
shape and divided into two compartments. They are driven directly across country
One incloses a dynamo of 218 amperes and where often not even a trail shows the wav.
a voltage of 120. The rear compartment
has a five-cylinder marine engine of 30 Of course no supplies can be procured en
horse-power and a speed of 750 revolutions route, so extra cans of water and gasoline must be carried.
per minute. On each side of the driver's seat are vertical tube radiators to cool the
water of the marine-engine circulating susTo increase the volume of work per
tem. The body is fireproof inside and insuformed by a motor truck in a given period
lated from the chassis by rubber mats. of time, and thus reduce the cost of hauling,
The current supplied by the generator is many enterprising truck-users have im
carried by wires to as many of the regular
indoor studio arcs as are necessary. proved their shipping facilities to expedite the handling of merchandise. Many others
· A recent test in taking night scenes for
the “ Battle Cry of War,” sequel to the have grasped the opportunity to employ
INTERIOR OF PAYMASTER'S TRUCK, CHICAGO
O " Battle Cry of Peace," proved that the special loading schemes which reduce their
SURFACE LINES, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
truck is most efficient. Harry Waldron, superintendent of garage and transportation for the Vitagraph Company, delivered the truck at a place where the big scenes were to be staged at night, and it produced enough light for every purpose. If connected to a street lighting system, Mr. Waldron estimates that this generator could supply illumination sufficient for three city blocks.
We have touched but briefly upon a few of the great variety of uses of the motor
FIVE-TON TRUCK, VITAGRAPH COMPANY,
BROOKLYN, NEW YORK
truck of to-day. Nobody who has studied the problems and needs of the present will deny that the horse is doomed as an economic factor. His speed is about onefourth that of a truck under average conditions ; his carrying and pulling power is about one twenty-fifth that of the half-ton truck; his upkeep on the basis of twenty miles a day is nearly double that of a halfton truck; his energy decreases with time, while that of the truck is comparatively unimpaired. So the ratio of efficiency is all in favor of the truck.
It is now a familiar statement that the Allied victories at the Marne and before Verdun were largely due to efficient motor transport systems. The motor truck is playing a large and important part in this war. And when peace comes the truck will continue to become a more and more important factor in the business life of the Nation.
BY THE WAY “ The religious situation at the soldiers' away, away!” “The sweep of Lewes's encampments is not without its humor, and gesture” as he turned to fetch the books, must tend to liberalize the men who com- says Mr. James, “ could scarce have been pose them,” remarks the “ Christian Regis bettered by his actually using a broom.” ter.” “Recently a Roman Catholic private, Of course neither Lewes nor George Eliot finding on a Friday that the supply of fish knew that their visitor was himself the had given out, was constrained to partake author of the unread, unopened volumes ! of a meat diet. By his side at table sat a A moving-picture health car, according Jew who, unless he would go dinnerless, to “ Popular Mechanics," is the latest had to eat of the forbidden swine's flesh. illustration of the possibilities of modern • Too bad ! too bad !' said the first, his Irish invention. This outfit consists of an autowit not forsaking him. Two perfectly mobile equipped with a motion-picture progood religions spoiled!'”
jector and with a lecturer and a mechanic A friend sends this heading from a for crew. The car, it is stated, is used by Boston daily newspaper as “ the prize mis- the North Carolina Board of Health in the print of the year :"5
rural regions of that State for exhibiting SAYS PLAY IS WORTH THOUSAND LEMONS films that teach disease prevention. An elucidation of this remarkable state Miss Ruth Law's famous airplane trip ment reads : «• The Wanderer' is worth from Chicago to Hornell, New York, witha thousand sermons.”
out a stop, has been exceeded, according The London correspondent of “Amer to a news despatch, by Miss Katherine ican Art News" tells of high figures for Stinson, who on December 11 made a flight pictures recently sold at auction in London. from San Diego, California, to San FranIn one case, he says, a pair of colored cisco without stopping, the distance being engravings by Nutter, after Bigg, similar about ninety-eight miles greater than that to those which in 1914 brought 48 guineas, made by Miss Law. went now for 300 guineas ($1,500). " The A financial dictionary called “ Money prevailing high prices," the writer con- and Investments” makes this comment cludes, “ not only in this particular branch under “ Woman's Signature :" “ Women of the fine arts, but in several others, are puzzle bankers, and business men in genastonishing even to the dealers themselves.” eral, by the way they often sign their names.
In “ Recollections of a California Pio- The writer has seen four different consecuneer" Carlisle S. Abbott, at the age of tive letters received from the same woman, eighty-eight, tells of crossing the Great all within a period of less than two weeks, American Desert in '49. His party's horses the first one signed, we will say, Jane W. all succumbed to the heat and the canteens Fisher, the second one J. W. Fisher (thus were empty. One man, who had been nota- being mistaken for a man), the third Mrs. ble for his profanity, had a change of heart
Jane W. Fisher, and the fourth Mrs. Henry and began to pray : “O Lord Almighty, E. Fisher. A system of letter filing in an send us just one drop of rain!” To the office may be much upset by this method, astonishnient of everybody, scattering rain- and letters incorrectly filed by some clerk drops soon began to fall. These were and never afterwards located. The best caught in a rubber blanket and greedily way for a married] woman to sign her lapped up, though there was not enough to business letters is, to continue above illussaiisfy the travelers. “ The fool !" cried one tration, Jane W. Fisher, and then directly of them, looking daggers at the miracle- below-(Mrs. Henry E. Fisher).” worker; "he might just as well have Mr. Charles Wharton Stork, editor of prayed for a barrel of water as for a drop, for “ Contemporary Verse," believes in reading he got ten times as much as he asked for !” The Outlook from cover to cover. In the
The pioneer above referred to had his Philadelphia “ Public Ledger” he says: most exciting adventure as the result of the “How many readers of The Outlook miss theft of a bag of gold. dust from a claim the fine lyric that is often concealed toward adjoining his. He was accused of the crime, the end of the reading matter? Mr. Hageand two hundred miners assembled to lynch dorn's Ode of Dedication has indeed him. His five partners determined to de- been widely mentioned. But The Chalfend him with their lives against the mob. lenge' of Dysart McMullin and "A As a compromise, he and another man sus. Poet Enlists' of Miss Burr are among the pected of the crime were lowered into the most sincere poems yet published on the mine to stay there until they produced the present war.” “ The Ode of Dedication" missing gold. A revolver had been slipped appeared in our issue of June 20, “ The into the author's hand by one of his part. Challenge” May 30, and "A Poet Enlists” ners, and with this he forced his companion October 24, 1917. We thank Mr. Stork for to produce the gold and hand it over to a the compliment and for the information waiting committee. The guilty man then that the placing of a poem in a conspicuous made good his escape in the depths of the place at the head of a page is a form of mine, though the entire camp of enraged typographical camouflage. miners searched for him for hours. “I When American soldiers arrive in went to our little flat for supper, concludes France, they must not expect to get to the the author, “but my appetite was gone, front at once." The journey up to the front and for weeks afterwards, as I closed my is quite a short one," says' Lieutenant eyes in sleep, I could see that accursed
Hector MacQuarrie in “ How to Live at the tope dangling above my head."
Front: Tips for American Soldiers," " but Henry James tells in “ The Middle do not expect to get there within twelve
hours." " I remember," he adds, “ censorof a visit to George H. Lewes and George ing a letter written by one of my men to his Eliot at their home at Witley, England. family at home, describing the journey. He He was accompanied by Mrs. Greville, said that the train had been going about an who unknown to him bad lent to the famous hour when it stopped ; a cow was discovered authors a set of his own latest work. When in front of the engine. It was driven off and leaving, Mr. James and Mrs. Greville were the train proceeded. The journey then conhalted by Lewes with the exclamation, tinued for another two hours and the trair “ Ah those books-take them away, please, once more stopped. It was the same cow.'
“ TO THE EDITORS, DEAR
SIRS:-" I am afraid that the point you have inade against the epistolary intolerance of preachers as a class is well taken. I judge that it comes not only from the fact that the preacher hears no * back talk” when he preaches, but also from the very general tendency among us to confound our theories of truth with the truth itself. We easily persuade ourselves that some one is undermining the foundations, and then we fight for the faith, when perhaps we are only bombarding someone's interpretation of the faith. The great need of preachers here is a union of vital piety and the scientific spirit that proves all things, holding fast what is good, and tries all the spirits.
I had not intended to say this when I began, but I do say it that I feel deeply indebted to the editors of The Outlook for a broader and profounder view of religious truth than otherwise I might have received. It is one of several agencies that has greatly illuminated me.
And yet you understand, don't you, that The Outlook is frightfully unorthodox and that Dr. Abbott is a heretic? Give us more of that particular kind of heresy, say I.
(REV.) RAYMOND M. SHIPMAX. Nevada, Iowa,
THE OUTLOOK TRAVEL AND RECREATION BUREAU'
CALIFORNIA FOR YOUR VACATION
THIS WINTER Each season brings hundreds of visitors to California for the winter. San Francisco, Del Monte, Santa Cruz, Santa Barbara, Pasadena, Los Angeles, Long Beach, San Diego, Coronado, etc., are most attractive and offer many advantages to both the tourist and the homeseeker. Accommodations of all kinds, from small furnished bungalows at a nominal rental to the large comfortable hotels, are available. Let us help you plan a trip to California. There is no charge to Outlook readers for this service.
TRAVEL AND RECREATION BUREAU
THE OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 FOURTH AVE., N. Y.
SHOPPERS MOTHERS desiring hand-made frocks that are “different" for girls to ten years should write for my folder. The Exclusive Style Shop, Rock Island, II.
Business Situations RAILROAD traffic inspectors wanted. $125 a month and expenses to start; short hours; travel; three months' home study under guarantee; we arrange for position. No age limit. Ask for booklet L 16. Frontier Prep. School, Buffalo, N. Y. Companions and Domestic Helpers
CAFETERIA managers, dietitians, ma trons, housekeepers, secretaries, governesses, mothers' helpery. Miss Richards, 49 Westminster St., Providence. Boston, Thursdays, 11 to 1-16 Jackson Hall, Trinity Court.
WANTED, for permanent position, refined young woman to assist in care of children in institution. Must be Protestant, in good health, and Al character. Send full personal letter and references. 5,554, Outlook.
WANTED, January 1, intelligent young woman to assist in infant department of orphanage. Excellent training, comfortable home, and $25 per month if satisfactory. High school graduate preferred. Must be Protestant, strong, healthy. Send photograph and references. 5,553, Outlook.
Teachers and Covernesses WANTED-Coinpetent teachers for public and private schools and colleges. Send for bulletin. Albany Teachers' Agency, Albany, N.Y
COLLEGE and normal school graduates, men and women, needed for positions open January 1, 1918, and later. Address THE INTERSTATE' TEACHERS' AGENCY, Macheca Bldg., New Orleans, La.
SITUATIONS WANTED Companions and Domestic Helpers
LADY, pianist, desires position as accompanist for lady singer or violinist, etc. Visiting or boarding._Great experience. Musical education with European masters. Would travel. 5,525, Outlook.
YOUNG lady desires position as companion. 5,542, Outlook.
EXPERIENCED housekeeper. School or institution. 5,549, Outlook.
Teachers and Covernesses LADY desires position as visiting teacher to child. French conversation. Music. Highest references. 5,526, Outlook.
TUTOR, college graduate, experienced, wants tutorial work. 5,547, Outlook.
A French lady living in a clergyman's family desires pupils in French evenings after seven thirty. Address Mlle. de Saulles, 49 East 80th St., New York.
MISCELLANEOUS TRAINED institution managers, matrons, dietitians supplied. American School of Home Economics, Chicago, Ill.
UNITED Hospital Training School for Nurses, registered by the State Board of Regents, offers a two and one-half years' course to students. Affiliation with Mount Sinai Hospital, New York City. New hospital, well equipped, beautifully located; delightful nurses' residence. Further information upon request to Superintendent of Training School, Port Chester, New York.
CHAPERONAGE.-Opportunity for one or two young ladies to be chaperoned in private home, New York City. Unusual advantages. References exchanged. 5,555, Outlook.
When you notify The Outlook of a change in your address, both old and new address should be
given, Kindly write, if possible, two weeks before I the change is to take effect,