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A MEDAL HONORING THE ALLIES AND COMMEMO-
This medal is issued to its contributors by the American Fund for French Wounded. That organization's fine philanthropy is sending supplies to over 3,000 hospitals in France. Originally the medal bore only the design seen on the left; with the entrance of America into the war the design seen at the right was placed on the reverse side. The motto of the obverse, “Do Right and Fear No Man," is from one of George Washington's dress swords. The various symbols of the Allies—the Ship for Great Britain and her Colonies, the Cock for France, the Cross for Italy, the Belgian Lion appealing to England and France, etc.—appear on this side. On the reverse is the shield of the United States, and across its bar is inscribed the date, April 6, 1917, on which the United States joined the Entente Allies and pledged itself to fulfill, with them, the ideal expressed in Lincoln's words, " That Government by the
People Shall Not Perish,” the words forming the motto. The artist who designed the medal is Mr. Spicer Simson
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1918
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I am sending herewith a picture of my class in Social Problems in which The Outlook
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Copyright, 1918, by The Outlook Company TABLE OF CONTENTS Vol. 118 January 9, 1918. . No. 2
THE OUTLOOK IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 FOURTH AVENUE, NEW YORK. LAWRENCE ABBOTT, PRESIDENT. N. T. PULSITER, VICE-PRESIDENT. PRANK C. HOYT, TREASURER. ERNEST H. ABBOTT, SECRETARY. TRAVERS D. CARMAN, ADVERTISING MANAGER. YRARLY SUBSCRIPTIONSPIFTY-TWO ISSUES — FOUR DOLLARS IN ADVANCE. ENTERED AS SECOND-CLASS MATTER AT THE NEW YORK POST-OFFICE
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The Government Begins Railway Operation 41
Congressional Investigation into the Con
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of Public Opinion.... Some Reflections upon a Meeting of Political Scientists ....................... 50
Special Correspondence by Frederick M. Davenport Senator Newlands : An Appreciation..... 51
By Franklio K. Lane
ditionary Force to Europe. .......... 52
By Henry van Dyke The Teleferica: The War's Aerial Tramway 55
By Lewis R. Freeman Mania Teutonica : A Psychological Study of the War .........
....... 58 By Joseph Jastrow Current Events Illustrated............ The Gob.........
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This is the Most Complete Single Map of the Western Front
DEMOCRACY IN WAR Alexis de Tocqueville, that famous French traveler, historian, and philosopher, in his “ Democracy in America,” has the following to say regarding the probable result when democracy goes to war:
I am therefore of the opinion that, when a democratic people engages in a I It is 28x36 inches in size, but folds into a convenient cover war after a long peace, it incurs much more risk of defeat than any other nation; 52x712 inches in size, just right to be carried conveniently in the but it ought not easily to be cast down byl pocket for frequent consultation. It is printed on excellent paper, its reverses, for the chances of success for such an army are increased by the dura
and can be had mounted on cloth if desired at slight extra cost. Most tion of the war. When a war has at length,
existing maps of the Western Front are valueless because they are not by its long continuance, roused the whole indexed, or because they do not contain the smaller places. Neither community from their peaceful occupations
objection applies to this new map, just published, so complete that it and ruined their minor undertakings, the same passions which made them attach so enables one to read the newspapers understandingly. much importance to the maintenance of peace will be turned to arms. War, after it has destroyed all modes of speculation, be
WESTEN POINT comes itself the great and sole speculation, to which all the ardent and ambitious desires which equality engenders are exclusively directed. Hence it is that the selfsame democratic nations which are so reluctant to engage in hostilities sometimes perform prodigious achievements when once they have taken the field. ...
“ Thus, while the interests and tastes of the members of a democratic community divert them from war, their habits of mind fit them for carrying on war well; they soon make good soldiers, when they are aroused from their business and their enjoyments.
* If peace is peculiarly hurtful to democratic armies, war secures them advantages which no other armies ever possess, and these advantages, however little felt at first, cannot fail in the end to give them the victory. An aristocratic nation, which in a contest with a democratic people does not succeed in ruining the latter at the outset of the war, always runs a great risk of being conquered by it.”
Now de Tocqueville was a close observer of the tendencies in men and governments; he perhaps saw more of the
This photograph is not the map itself, but is only a miniature reproduction made to
show the vast number of cities, towns, villages and hamlets which appear on this new map. latent possibilities in democracy than most
The State of Illinois contains about the same number of square miles as shown on this map, other men of his time. He saw that free and in Illinois there are less than 1,700 places of 100 or more inhabitants. On this new map in a peoples were filled with almost boundless
territory as said above, about the same size as Winois, there are shown more than 7,000
places. This fact alone serves to give some idea of the completeness of this wonderful new map. energy and enthusiasm. He saw, furthermore, that this same spirit of energy and
necessity. The smaller towns are the ones usually enthusiasm which in times of peace spent
mentioned in the news dispatches. They are not itself in the pursuit of commerce and the | includes practically every village, town and to be found on ordinary maps, and the locaaccumulation of wealth would when turned hamlet in the territory shown.
tions of most of them were and still are, utterly
In addition to this vast number of places, it unknown to the general public, but unless their to the prosecution of a long war acquire in gives all woods, fortresses, fortified towns, locations are known their strategical time an almost irresistible momentum. De naval arsenals, forts, redoubts, batteries, importance cannot be grasped. Nothing is mocracy in its present struggle with autoc
aircraft depots, wireless stations and rail. more unsatisfactory than searching all over a map for
ways. racy has not yet reached, perhaps, the mo
a small place that may or may not appear upon it.
The forests and woods are indicated in green, However, this loss of time and patience is mentum stage, but it is certainly approach giving the map an attractive appearance, and now at an end, for the Index which accoming it. The Prussian host did not ruin its adding a strategical feature of importance.
panies this map makes it vastly more democratic opponents in the summer and
The scale of the map is 10 miles to the incb. useful and valuable. The index contains • fall of 1914, and that gave democracy its
It extends west to Ashford, England ; north to over 7,000 names. An idea of the im
Antwerp, Belgium; east to Frankfort, Germany, portance of this statement may be gained chance. and south to Orleans, France.
from the fact that 90 per cent of De Tocqueville quaintly remarks in the
It shows for comparison the battle line of the war maps available to-day
1914, when the Germans were almost at the preface to his volume that men will seldom
contain less than 500 names. gates of Paris. The ground regained by This index is bound in with the accept the truth at the hands of their the Allies, therefore, may be plainly seen.
map and enables one to locate NELSON enemies. The Potsdam gang, accordingly, It is without exception the most satisfactory map instantly any one of the DOUBLEDAY would probably not accept at its face value
of the Western Front which has been engraved. It 7,000 places mentioned.
Dept. 11 the philosophy of war as quoted above.
ments as they occur. It may be examined with NELSON But to us it rings true, for history has ease, for the type is bold and clean cut.
Oyster Bay, N. Y. proved it. Anyhow, it would seem as if all
DOUBLEDAY Please send me the Large
Scale War Map of the Westthose faint-hearted ones who to-day take
ern Front on approval. If it alarm at the present seeming success of the An index of towns and villages accompanying a
Oyster Bay, suits me, within five days I will
send you $1.00. Otherwise I will German arms might find splendid encour map of this kind has been proven an absolute N. Y.
return it agement in the words of this old philosopher-historian, who saw with the vision of à seer and wrote with the quill of a prophet.
H. J. FENTON. United States Naval Academy,
If you want the map mounted on cloth, greatly
Every Real American will have
increasing its durability, at the special price of $2.00, Annapolis, Maryland.
if it suite yoll, write "Yes" bere :