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"A Big Brother for the Naturalization Applicant

(Continued) spect for Government, interest in the simple duties of the citizen, can in this way be handed up to the man“ too old to learn," and along the lines of least resistance.

There is one blemish in this rather pleasant outlook. The study of civics is not one of the interest-creating subjects, at least it was not in the writer's experience as pupil and later as teacher. A recent examination of books and pamphlets on the subject in the New York Library reveals a wealth of books filled with long paragraphs that quickly put to rout the most enthusiastic pupil. Given the material, accurate and complete as it is, interest can be created by the teacher who can and will “ humanize" the subject-matter. To make assurance doubly sure, however, greater interesi would be created and more progress made if one of our men in public life would put into popular appeal what is now given to those classes fortunate in having a teacher with unusual ability.

All these agencies are bringing results in hundreds and thousands of new citizens. The incident given at the outset of this article points out an opportunity for the layman who would be proud to have several new citizens to his credit. The man who is rejected in his attempt to join our citizenry would be loyal to the man who met him at the door, or elsewhere, and offered to act as his Big Brother to see him through. It might be that a member of such an organi: zation, based upon the principles of the Big Brother Movement, could be assigned by the court to assist the would-be citizen and keep him out of the hands of an interested “ friend" of the wrong type.

de date 9,781

BY THE WAY “We who live on New Jersey railroads landed Casement in Ireland and was capare indignant to see great piles of splendidtured. Spindler gave up £4 when taken fuel burned by the companies while at the prisoner, saying it was all he had. “ When same time they say they cannot carry coal his captor asked, 'On your honor?' Spindler enough to supply the needs of the poor.” replied, No, no more.'” A search revealed The fuel referred to by our correspondent twenty-one £5 notes concealed in his clothconsists of old ties and other wood waste ing. "The Attorney-General asked him : which might, it would seem, easily be trans- “ Do you think in the circumstances you ported to a near-by town and put into the were entitled to give an untruthful answer?" hands of people who are eager to get fuel Lieutenant Spindler replied : “ There may of any kind. The excuse is offered, however, of any kind Tha avand

be different points of view the point of that bits of steel from the rails are em view of an English officer and the point of bedded in these old ties and that this would view of a German officer." Volumes couid make it difficult to saw them up for fire- speak no more. wood. Perhaps Uncle Sam, our new railway The generosity with which Englishmen president, can devise some way to use this

treat even unprincipled enemies is indi. ĝood wood and stop the waste.

cated by the decision in the above case. “ When are we to leave?" is a question The prize court adjudged Lieutenant Spinthat is often asked in the soldiers' camps. dler's concealed money forfeit to the Crown. One of the camp papers, the “ Wadsworth It magnanimously granted him, howGas Attack,” treats this ever-recurring ever, out of it, a full month's pay-£26. question humorously. After a column of The court returned in full to two other ottibogus interviews and rumors it prints this cers of the Libau the money which they summary :

had surrendered, as they had truthfully Number of persons interviewed............. 9,781 stated the amount they possessed. Number who knew exactly when we are going to leave.......

When John H. B. Latrobe, whose RemiNumber of persons who agreed on the date of niscences are just published, was fourteen departure...

0 years old, in 1818, he went to West Point In the cargo of the wrecked steamer as a cadet. He started from his home in Mariposa, according to a despatch from the Baltimore at eight o'clock on a steamboat Pacific coast, was a shipment of two hun- for Frenchtown ; went by stage to New Casdred barrels of “salt salmon." These, it tle, where he slept ; took another steamwas discovered when the accident hap- boat to Philadelphia and arrived there pened to the steamer, contained, instead, about noon. The next day a steamboat took bottled whisky. The camouflage was car: him to Trenton, and a stage to New Brunsried to the point of insuring the whisky as wick, where he stayed overnight; another salmon, but it is reported that no attempt steamboat landed him in New York. Finally will be made to collect the insurance. an Albany sloop carried him to West Point It is well known that Dr. Johnson's odd

nie oda

in time for breakfast the nex

in time for breakfast the next day-the humor crept into some of the definitions fourth of his journey. By this time his trip, ho in his great English Dictionary: for in- says, “ had grown as important in my eyes stance. he defined lexicographer as a as though I had been Hendrik Hudson writer of dictionaries ; a harmless dindge:" .. himself, seeking a highway to Cathay.” His dictionary was first published in 1755. Young Latrobe left West Point without Another English dictionary, Bailey's, ap- graduating, and became a successful lawpeared many years before Johnson's, and it yer. He met many distinguished men, was so popular that several editions of it among them Daniel Webster. He tells this were printed after its rival appeared. Early story illustrating Webster's familiarity with editions of Bailey give, under Lexicogra Shakespeare: The question was asked pher, "a writer of a lexicon," etc. In a whether shoes were made right and left in copy of the edition of 1766, however, picked Shakespeare's time. Webster settled the up recently in New York, there is found question by quoting the passage in “ King added to this, "also, a harmless drudge." John” in which the tailor tell his news— Bailey's reviser of 1766, who was appar. “Standing on slippers which his nimble haste ently not altogether harmless as a drudge,

Had falsely thrust upon contrary feet.”. thus copied Dr. Johnson's pleasantry as a “The greatest of all the great men with new definition !

whom it has been my fortune to be associ. “ Several persons who have seen The

ated or be acquainted with,” wrote Mr. Outlook's illustrated prospectus have ad

Latrobe, “was certainly Daniel Webster.” vised me that the photograph therein printed Among the demands of factory workers as that of Mr. Herman Schneider is really in Russia, according to a recent investigathe photograph of Mr. Ralph Adams Crani, tor of conditions there, were these : For a the well-known architect. It may be that six-hour working day ; for ten minutes' rest we are all wrong and you are right, but, after each hour of work; for a two-hour etc.” So writes a friend. All mistakes are interval at midday for lunch ; and for two possible in a world inhabited by printers months' vacation each year on full pay. and photographers, but as the picture re. These demands are scarcely outdone by the ferred to was sent to us at our request by suggestion of an American humorist that Mr. Schneider himself, and as the editors he would like his work to consist of coming of The Outlook can testify that it is a good down on Saturday to draw his pay. likeness, we think that “ several persons"

“The women are delighted with their have missed their guess in this matter. The new uniforms, new jobs, and new inde. case must be one of "doubles,” like that of

pendence." So said one of the eight women Napoleon the First, ex-President Roosevelt,

conductors who were recently added to the and other celebrated personages who have force of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Com. discovered "twin brothers" not related to pany. The company's officials and the themselves.

public are also pleased with the way the A curious side-light on German stand women handle the cars. A new standard ards of probity is found in a report of the of politeness in dealing with passengers case of Lieutenant Spindler, who com- may be expectent by a long-suffering public manded the German ship Libau, which if women continue to occupy these positions..

THE LAW AND THE JURY

It is not a true parallel which you drew in your comment upon the De Saulles murder case, between a prosecution for libel and a trial for murder with respect to the powers assumed by the jury. It is here that Lord Erskine contended that the jury had power to pass upon the law as well as upon the facts in a prosecution for libel ; but the jury did not legally get that power until it was conferred by act of Parliament eight years afterwards, in 1792. That power has not yet been given by statute to a jury in a murder case. Neither in Eng. land nor in this country has it been determined by legislative authority that it is not for the court to define the crime of murder and to instruct the jury what constitutes a justification and what may be allowed as an excuse for killing a human being. If it be true, as you say, that in the exercise of discretion not formally given by statute the juries in America have established practical precedents which materially modify the criminal law, then the criminal law is in effect made by the jury, and made after the alleged crime has been committed. If democracy has given this power to the jury, it has given it not by act of the Legislature or decisions of the courts, but because leaders of public opinion and defenders of public morals, like The Outlook, are ready to accept without protest the verdicts of juries, and especially in cases where the dead man's character is peculiarly obnoxious, and do not support the courts in their earnest endeavor to maintain the high standards fixed by the law.

. EDWARD Q. KEANBEY. Newark, New Jersey.

[graphic]

Tours and Travel . Health Resorts Hotels and Resorts

LIVE STOCK
NEW YORK CITY

- FOR SALE
COUTH
I Do You Need I- NEW YORK CITY

High class hunting dogs, also farm and watch dogs and pups. A specialty of all

breeds. Pigeons, Ferrets, Rabbits, Guinea AMERICA Building Up?

Hotel Le Marquis

Pigs, Hogs. Stamp for circular and reply. 31st Street & Fifth Avenue

CHAS. RIDGELY, Canton, Ohio. Do you want

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HELP WANTED VIA PANAMA CANAL! Rest, Country Life,

Combines every convenience and home

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Business Situations Direct, without change, on

refinement wishing to live on American Plan WANTED Capable, refined young woman new American steamships. Constructive Physical Training and be within easy reach of social and dra (20 to 30), Christian, of pleasing address, good

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handwriting, with knowledge of stenography Room and bath $3.50 per day with meals, or

All making for NEW YORK – VALPARAISO

and bookkeeping, as secretary in a dental $2.00 per day without meals.

office. Only best references considered. $15

Tlustrated Booklet gladly sent upon to begin. 5,561, Outlook. Stopping at principal ports of Peru Health?

request.

JOHN P. TOLSON. WANTED-Two active, educated men be and Chile. Illustrated folder and in

tween 30 and 60 years of age for special work.

NORTH CAROLINA

If so, ask your physician about formation on request.

Address Dodd, Mead & Co., Inc., 449 Fourth

Ave., New York City.
FIRST SAILING
THE ADAMS PLACE

Companions and Domestic Helpers
LATE IN JANUARY
Pompton Lakes, N. J.

CAFETERIA managers, dietitians, ma The trons, housekeepers, secretaries, governesses,

mothers' helpers. Miss Richards, 49 WestU. S. & PACIFIC LINE Ask us what we are doing and send

minster St., Providence. Boston, Thursdays, for a copy of our book.

11 to 1-16 Jackson Hall, Trinity Court. Passenger Department

WANTED- About February 1. To meet 104 PEARL ST., NEW YORK

problem of supplementing family consisting

Albemarle Park of father obliged by business to be away at Telephone Broad 5570.

times, daughter of nineteen just home from Asheville.N.C. school and busy with war work, and daughter in "The Land of the Sky”

(sixteen) away preparing for Bryn Mawr, wish

well-bred woman of tact and vision, efficient A perfectly charming English Inn. South home-maker, able to become friend of daugh ern hospitality, homelike informality, ters. Living with family umecessary while perfect service, concentrated comfort in city during winter. Family live very in an atmosphere of refinement and taste. simply. College woman, musical, preferred.

An interesting work worth doing well. Write, Perfect Golf in a Perfect Climate giving information you would wish yourself, All Other Sports in Perfection.

5,564, Outlook. Open the year round.

WANTED- A lady of good birth as house. Sanford Hall, est. 1841 Write for Booklet "0." Make Reservation.

keeper and housemother. Must be domestic

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5,566, Outlook. For Mental and Nervous Diseases

WANTED-Mother's helper. Must have

good reference. 5,571, Outlook. Comfortable, homelike surround

SOUTH CAROLINA

Teachers and Covernesses WARD LINE ings; modern methods of treatment;

WANTED-Competent teachers for public competent nurses. 15 acres of lawn,

GREENACRE FARM

and private schools and colleges. Send for Direct service on fast twin-screw park, flower and vegetable gardens.

AIKEN, S. C.

bulletin. Albany Teachers' Agency, Albany,

N. Y steamers from New York to

Can accommodate guests who wish to rest
Food the best. I'rite for booklet.

and live outdoors in the ideal winter elimate COLLEGE and normal school graduates,

of the high pine and sand country. Excellent Sanford Hall Flushing New York HAVANA AND POINTS

men and women, needed for positions open IN CUBA

food and care. Furuished bungalows,

Jamuary 1, 1918, and later. Address THE

INTERSTATE TEACHERS AGENCY,
Sailings every Saturday

Macheca Bldg., New Orleans, La.
FORTNIGHTLY
Hotels and Resorts

WANTED-Young man with experience as
SAILINGS

companion and tutor for boy fifteen years old. The KIRKWOOL

CONNECTICUT To Progreso, Vera Cruz and Tampico

Will want the right kind of man for some

time to come. Reference exchanged. Charles NEW MILFORD Camden, South Carolina

H. Wilson, Pittsfield, Mass. Frequent calls at Nassau, Bahamas

Litchfield Co., Conn.

Located near

TEACHERS desiring school or college The foothills of the Berkshires. A restfu Literature and full information

positions apply International Musical and place for tired people. Good food and a com Spartanburg-Greenville-Charlotte on request

Educational Agency, Carnegie Hall, N. Y. fortable home. 2 hours from New York. $14

and Columbia Military Camps New York and Cuba Mail S. S. Co. a week and up. Booklet A.

Mrs. J. E. CASTLE. Proprietor T. EDMUND KRUMBHOLZ Fodt of Wall Street, New York

SITUATIONS WANTED MASSACHUSETTS

Companions and Domestic Helpers

WIDOW, 35, desires position as house

keeper, companion, or as mother's helper. HOTEL PURITAN CAMDEN, S. C.

5,558, Outlook Commonwealth Ave. Boston

HOUSEKEEPER, experienced, wants posiTHE DISTINCTIVE BOSTON HOUSE

tion in hospital or school. 5,559, Outlook. Tours of distinction to

Globe Trotters call the Puritan one of Sunny Rooms in Colonial House
the most homelike hotels in the world.

ACTIVE, refined, middle aged lady wishes
Your inquiries gladly answered

position. Helper, congenial family adults. OT-Costello Mgr. and our booklet mailedug Furnace, Private Baths, Open Fires 5,560, Outlook.

LADY will give services as companion in

traveling for all expenses paid. Educated, If You Are Tired or Not Feeling Well Delightful Gardens, Opposite Golf Club New Zealand and Australia

refined. References exchanged. 5,563, Outlook. you cannot find a more comfortable place in

WOMAN of unusual ability and experience South America

New England than

P. O. Box 250, Camden, S. C. desires management of household or instituCalifornia and Hawaii THE WELDON HOTEL

tion where interest and devotion to dnty Florida and Cuba

would be appreciated. Could bring servants. Fascinating Fields-Frequent Departures GREENFIELD, MASS.

Real Estate

5,565, Outlook Details to the Taste of the Discriminating It affords all the comforts of lome without

COLLEGE girl who has lived several years extravagance. Outdoor sports if desired. Good

FLORIDA

in Europe desires position as companion aud Ask for the Book that Interests l'ont sleighing and skating is now being enjoyed.

secretary, preferably to go West or South for

the winter 5,567, Outlook

FOR SALE
RAYMOND & WHITCOMB CO.
NEW YORK CITY

REFINED, well-educated woman desires 17 Temple Place, Boston. Dept. 7

St. Augustine, Florida, residence containing position as companion or secretary to conHOTEL

eight rooms, attic, bath, lavatory on the first valescent or elderly person going South or to New York Philadelphia Chicago

floor, hot water heat, electric lights, large California. References. 5,572, Outlook. front and side porches, all modern conveni

Teachers and Covernesses ences, partially furnished if desired, view of

TEACHER.-Experienced teacher of music

water. If sold at once, will be sold at a bargain. Health Resorts Montague, Hicks, and Remsen Streets For further particulars address EDGAR L.

(Fletcher method for children at residence

or studio, 501 W. 121st St., N. Y. City. HAYNES, Morning News, Wilmington, Del BROOKLYN

ART curator or superintendent, by middle The Ideal Place for Sick TRANSIENT AND RESIDENTIAL SOUTH CAROLINA aged woman of long experience. 5,569, Outlook. People to Get Well

The science of conducting a hotel properly Doylestown, Pa. An institution devoted to

is at its highest when it is least apparent. FOR RENT FURNISHED COTTAGES the personal study and specialized treat

MISCELLANEOUS
TUR KENT
This is exemplified by the cultured,

in AIKEN, So. Ca. ment of the invalid. Massage, Electricity. livable atinosphere of the Hotel Bossert.

M. W. Wightman & Co. Shopping Agency, Hydrotherapy, Apply for circuar to Send for illustrated booklet "B".

for outdoor life GOLF, POLO, TENNIS

established 1895. Nocharge; prompt delivery. ROBERT LIPPINCOTT WALTER, M.D.

will mail Rent List and

44 West 2d St., New York. (late of The Walter Sanitarium)

pamphlet 01 AIKEN HOTEL JUDSON 53 Washing

THE Rear Cross needs nurses. The Cooley

Dickinson Hospital, Northampton, Mass., can Dr. Reeves' Sanitarium adjoining Judson Memorial Church. Rooms

FOR THE HOME

train you. Send for information. A small with and without bath. Rates $2.50 per day,

hospital, excellently managed. Corps of ex. A Private Home for chronic, nervous, and including meals Special rates for two weeks DOMESTIC SCIENCE, boine study, good perienced graduate nurses direct training mental patients. Also elderly people requiring or inore. Location very central Convenient position. American School Home Economics, school University extension work for our cure. Harriet E. Reeves, M.D., Melrose, Mass. I to all elevated and street car lines,

Chicago.

I school in Smith College Laboratory.

ani dus, or gomother's helper.

hed, mida), 359, Ontlonte posi

[merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][graphic][graphic][graphic][merged small][merged small]

HAS GOVERNMENT OPERATION
OF THE RAILWAYS

COME TO STAY?
BY THEODORE H. PRICE

THE SPIRIT OF JAPAN
AN INTERVIEW WITH MARQUIS OKUMA

BY GREGORY MASON
THE OUTLOOK'S STAFF CORRESPONDENT IN TOKYO

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1918
PRICE: TEN CENTS A COPY
FOUR DOLLARS A YEAR
381 FOURTH AVENUE, NEW YORK

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]

[Advertisement]

Saving the Money That Slipped Through Their

Fingers

How an Investment of $2.00 Grew to $7,000 in

Seven Years Without Speculation

BY ARTHUR H. PATTERSON

M R . AND Mrs. B. live in Connecticut. until one o'clock, studying, planning, debat.
IVT He is a clerk in the office of' a' ing, wondering how we could change our

shiftless, easy-going habits so that we could manufacturing plant. They have been

en feel that we were going to be classified with

feel it married ten years and for the first three the successful ones and not the failures. years of their married life they not only We made up our minds that from that failed to save but actually went in debt night on not a penny would be spent for other over $400. They now have two children, than bare necessities until every debt had

been paid. We resolved to live on half my own a comfortable cottage home which

salary, reasoning that if other people whom is appraised at $3,500 and is clear and

we knew could live respectably on $1,000, free. They have savings-bank accounts there was no reason why we shouldn't. Then of $1,800 and $1,700 invested in 7% Jane said : “ We ought to keep a cash account preferred securities. And every dollar of

and put down just where the money goes.

We can't go by guesswork any longer. this money has been saved from salary We've been living that way for three years. during the past seven years, an average We'll begin now to keep a record of our of $1,000 per year.

money."

What Jane said brought to my mind an I am going to tell you their story, or

advertisement which I had seen only a few rather let Mr. B. tell it as he related it days before, about an Expense Book for to me. If you are facing the crisis in your family accounts. So I got the magazine affairs which the B.'s faced in those early

and found the ad. It told about the Economy days of married life, it may help you to

Expense Book for personal and household

accounting. The description told me that it meet it and come off victorious.

was exactly the thing we needed and before Listen to what Mr. B. says:

going to bed I wrote a letter ordering a

copy. In a few days it came, and Jane and I am now 37 years of age; married and the I had an interesting session studying it and Daddy of two children. When I was married entering the Cash and Expenditure Items I had exactly $750 on hand in cash, inherited which we had been keeping tab of since from my father's estate. Up to that time I the midnight resolution. never saved a nickel and if this money hadn't

That book taught us something about the come as a windfall, we could not have been

science of home economics. We learned, for married. I held a good position and was

instance, that in a properly arranged budget earning $2,000 a year. That was in 1907. For the next three years Jane and I just let

a man earning the salary I did could save,

without stinting, at least 30% of his salary. things run along, living comfortably on my

But we were beating that figure. We had salary. The $750 which I inherited went for

raised the ante to 50% and that without furniture and home needs and we did manage

suffering for a single need. Of course, we to buy-on the spur of early married ambi.

had cut out the theatre, the cigars, the extion, perhaps-$300 more of furniture which

pensive lunches and we'd begun to get acwe paid for out of my salary. But all the rest of it went for clothing, rent, food, amuse

quainted with some of our discarded clothes

all over again. And I learned that rent ment, books, cigars, etc. We spent it as it

consumed in the balanced budget 1772% came and it was always a race between our

(which was about our cost); food was 25% cash and our bills to see which would be on

and we cut it to 21%; clothes 17% we top at the end of the month. Usually the

chopped to 50€ that first year and it never cash lost. But the bills didn't press or worry

rose over 10% the first four years. me. I ran accounts with tradesmen who knew me and knew I was good for it. But

We started on the new system in April, gradually the bills distanced the cash and

1910. The following April when we balanced at the end of three years I was in a hole just

the books for the first year we found this re$400; and then the situation grew serious

sult: Every single bill paid and $653 in the because we had a baby and in order to pay

savings bank ! Glorious! We were out of the emergency bills of the occasion, I had to

the woods and for the first time in my entire let my other creditors wait and they became

business career I had visions of success on restless.

which I could actually stand without break

ing through into the quicksands of despair. Jane and I had tried time and time again

We celebrated that night in good style with to live within my salary and save a few dollars,

a dinner and the theatre and that's become but it wasn't any use. We lacked the back part of the program ever since—the annual bone somehow and didn't have the necessary dinner of the board of directors, Jane calls it. system to help us see it through. One day Í came across a remark made by James Hill,

The rest is easy. We were on the right the railroad builder, and it set me thinking.

track and once started nothing could turn It burned itself into my brain. It was this:

us back.

We stuck right to the original program for "If you want to know whether you are

three years, living on half my salary and going to be a success or failure in life, you

saving the other half. Then I got a raise of can easily find out. The test is simple and

$250 and that made it quite a bit easier. A infallible. Are you able to save money? If

year ago I got another raise, bringing my not, drop out. You will fail as sure as you

salary up to $2,500, where it now stands. live. You may not think so, but you will.

I've never had the least trouble, since The seed of success is not in you."

starting on the first page of my first copy of I went home and that evening Jane and I Woolson's Economy Expense Book, in liv. had a long heart-to-heart talk. le sat up ing within my income and saving money.

That book brought us, not only independence, but it changed me from a worried, half-baked existence into a self-respecting, successful man. I am in a position, as the result of our joint efforts, where I need look to no man for favors; and further than that, my success has brought us into a circle of friends, both business and social, who value us because we are looked upon in our town as “ worth while" and “the sort who are getting ahe

************ Woolson's Economy Expense Book is designed to keep track of the income and expenses of the average family in a systematic manner. Each book is made to contain the records of four consecutive years.

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This book has proved truly a godsend to thousands because it has taught them a sure way to manage their finances. With it you know every minute just where you are money-wise. It automatically shows every penny of income and outgo; just how much for groceries, dress, rent, medicine, amusement, car-fare, etc.-and all this instantly and plainly. It is not complicated or tiresome. In fact, once you have started keeping a Woolson Book you will find it fascinating as a game and a miser for saving money.

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120-11 West 32nd Street

New York City :

George B. Woolson & Company
George
120-M West 32nd Street,

New York City
Without obligation please send me, all charges
prepaid, your book. I agree to send $2.00 in five
clays or return the book.
Vame........

Address...

0-1-16

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