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"A Big Brother for the Naturalization Applicant

(Continued) spect for Government, interest in the simple duties of the citizen, can in this way be handed up to the man“ too old to learn," and along the lines of least resistance.

There is one blemish in this rather pleasant outlook. The study of civics is not one of the interest-creating subjects, at least it was not in the writer's experience as pupil and later as teacher. A recent examination of books and pamphlets on the subject in the New York Library reveals a wealth of books filled with long paragraphs that quickly put to rout the most enthusiastic pupil. Given the material, accurate and complete as it is, interest can be created by the teacher who can and will “ humanize" the subject-matter. To make assurance doubly sure, however, greater interesi would be created and more progress made if one of our men in public life would put into popular appeal what is now given to those classes fortunate in having a teacher with unusual ability.

All these agencies are bringing results in hundreds and thousands of new citizens. The incident given at the outset of this article points out an opportunity for the layman who would be proud to have several new citizens to his credit. The man who is rejected in his attempt to join our citizenry would be loyal to the man who met him at the door, or elsewhere, and offered to act as his Big Brother to see him through. It might be that a member of such an organi: zation, based upon the principles of the Big Brother Movement, could be assigned by the court to assist the would-be citizen and keep him out of the hands of an interested “ friend" of the wrong type.

de date 9,781

BY THE WAY “We who live on New Jersey railroads landed Casement in Ireland and was capare indignant to see great piles of splendidtured. Spindler gave up £4 when taken fuel burned by the companies while at the prisoner, saying it was all he had. “ When same time they say they cannot carry coal his captor asked, 'On your honor?' Spindler enough to supply the needs of the poor.” replied, No, no more.'” A search revealed The fuel referred to by our correspondent twenty-one £5 notes concealed in his clothconsists of old ties and other wood waste ing. "The Attorney-General asked him : which might, it would seem, easily be trans- “ Do you think in the circumstances you ported to a near-by town and put into the were entitled to give an untruthful answer?" hands of people who are eager to get fuel Lieutenant Spindler replied : “ There may of any kind. The excuse is offered, however, of any kind Tha avand

be different points of view the point of that bits of steel from the rails are em view of an English officer and the point of bedded in these old ties and that this would view of a German officer." Volumes couid make it difficult to saw them up for fire- speak no more. wood. Perhaps Uncle Sam, our new railway The generosity with which Englishmen president, can devise some way to use this

treat even unprincipled enemies is indi. ĝood wood and stop the waste.

cated by the decision in the above case. “ When are we to leave?" is a question The prize court adjudged Lieutenant Spinthat is often asked in the soldiers' camps. dler's concealed money forfeit to the Crown. One of the camp papers, the “ Wadsworth It magnanimously granted him, howGas Attack,” treats this ever-recurring ever, out of it, a full month's pay-£26. question humorously. After a column of The court returned in full to two other ottibogus interviews and rumors it prints this cers of the Libau the money which they summary :

had surrendered, as they had truthfully Number of persons interviewed............. 9,781 stated the amount they possessed. Number who knew exactly when we are going to leave.......

When John H. B. Latrobe, whose RemiNumber of persons who agreed on the date of niscences are just published, was fourteen departure...

0 years old, in 1818, he went to West Point In the cargo of the wrecked steamer as a cadet. He started from his home in Mariposa, according to a despatch from the Baltimore at eight o'clock on a steamboat Pacific coast, was a shipment of two hun- for Frenchtown ; went by stage to New Casdred barrels of “salt salmon." These, it tle, where he slept ; took another steamwas discovered when the accident hap- boat to Philadelphia and arrived there pened to the steamer, contained, instead, about noon. The next day a steamboat took bottled whisky. The camouflage was car: him to Trenton, and a stage to New Brunsried to the point of insuring the whisky as wick, where he stayed overnight; another salmon, but it is reported that no attempt steamboat landed him in New York. Finally will be made to collect the insurance. an Albany sloop carried him to West Point It is well known that Dr. Johnson's odd

nie oda

in time for breakfast the nex

in time for breakfast the next day-the humor crept into some of the definitions fourth of his journey. By this time his trip, ho in his great English Dictionary: for in- says, “ had grown as important in my eyes stance. he defined lexicographer as a as though I had been Hendrik Hudson writer of dictionaries ; a harmless dindge:" .. himself, seeking a highway to Cathay.” His dictionary was first published in 1755. Young Latrobe left West Point without Another English dictionary, Bailey's, ap- graduating, and became a successful lawpeared many years before Johnson's, and it yer. He met many distinguished men, was so popular that several editions of it among them Daniel Webster. He tells this were printed after its rival appeared. Early story illustrating Webster's familiarity with editions of Bailey give, under Lexicogra Shakespeare: The question was asked pher, "a writer of a lexicon," etc. In a whether shoes were made right and left in copy of the edition of 1766, however, picked Shakespeare's time. Webster settled the up recently in New York, there is found question by quoting the passage in “ King added to this, "also, a harmless drudge." John” in which the tailor tell his news— Bailey's reviser of 1766, who was appar. “Standing on slippers which his nimble haste ently not altogether harmless as a drudge,

Had falsely thrust upon contrary feet.”. thus copied Dr. Johnson's pleasantry as a “The greatest of all the great men with new definition !

whom it has been my fortune to be associ. “ Several persons who have seen The

ated or be acquainted with,” wrote Mr. Outlook's illustrated prospectus have ad

Latrobe, “was certainly Daniel Webster.” vised me that the photograph therein printed Among the demands of factory workers as that of Mr. Herman Schneider is really in Russia, according to a recent investigathe photograph of Mr. Ralph Adams Crani, tor of conditions there, were these : For a the well-known architect. It may be that six-hour working day ; for ten minutes' rest we are all wrong and you are right, but, after each hour of work; for a two-hour etc.” So writes a friend. All mistakes are interval at midday for lunch ; and for two possible in a world inhabited by printers months' vacation each year on full pay. and photographers, but as the picture re. These demands are scarcely outdone by the ferred to was sent to us at our request by suggestion of an American humorist that Mr. Schneider himself, and as the editors he would like his work to consist of coming of The Outlook can testify that it is a good down on Saturday to draw his pay. likeness, we think that “ several persons"

“The women are delighted with their have missed their guess in this matter. The new uniforms, new jobs, and new inde. case must be one of "doubles,” like that of

pendence." So said one of the eight women Napoleon the First, ex-President Roosevelt,

conductors who were recently added to the and other celebrated personages who have force of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Com. discovered "twin brothers" not related to pany. The company's officials and the themselves.

public are also pleased with the way the A curious side-light on German stand women handle the cars. A new standard ards of probity is found in a report of the of politeness in dealing with passengers case of Lieutenant Spindler, who com- may be expectent by a long-suffering public manded the German ship Libau, which if women continue to occupy these positions..


It is not a true parallel which you drew in your comment upon the De Saulles murder case, between a prosecution for libel and a trial for murder with respect to the powers assumed by the jury. It is here that Lord Erskine contended that the jury had power to pass upon the law as well as upon the facts in a prosecution for libel ; but the jury did not legally get that power until it was conferred by act of Parliament eight years afterwards, in 1792. That power has not yet been given by statute to a jury in a murder case. Neither in Eng. land nor in this country has it been determined by legislative authority that it is not for the court to define the crime of murder and to instruct the jury what constitutes a justification and what may be allowed as an excuse for killing a human being. If it be true, as you say, that in the exercise of discretion not formally given by statute the juries in America have established practical precedents which materially modify the criminal law, then the criminal law is in effect made by the jury, and made after the alleged crime has been committed. If democracy has given this power to the jury, it has given it not by act of the Legislature or decisions of the courts, but because leaders of public opinion and defenders of public morals, like The Outlook, are ready to accept without protest the verdicts of juries, and especially in cases where the dead man's character is peculiarly obnoxious, and do not support the courts in their earnest endeavor to maintain the high standards fixed by the law.

. EDWARD Q. KEANBEY. Newark, New Jersey.


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Macheca Bldg., New Orleans, La.
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WANTED-Young man with experience as

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I school in Smith College Laboratory.

ani dus, or gomother's helper.

hed, mida), 359, Ontlonte posi

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Saving the Money That Slipped Through Their


How an Investment of $2.00 Grew to $7,000 in

Seven Years Without Speculation


M R . AND Mrs. B. live in Connecticut. until one o'clock, studying, planning, debat.
IVT He is a clerk in the office of' a' ing, wondering how we could change our

shiftless, easy-going habits so that we could manufacturing plant. They have been

en feel that we were going to be classified with

feel it married ten years and for the first three the successful ones and not the failures. years of their married life they not only We made up our minds that from that failed to save but actually went in debt night on not a penny would be spent for other over $400. They now have two children, than bare necessities until every debt had

been paid. We resolved to live on half my own a comfortable cottage home which

salary, reasoning that if other people whom is appraised at $3,500 and is clear and

we knew could live respectably on $1,000, free. They have savings-bank accounts there was no reason why we shouldn't. Then of $1,800 and $1,700 invested in 7% Jane said : “ We ought to keep a cash account preferred securities. And every dollar of

and put down just where the money goes.

We can't go by guesswork any longer. this money has been saved from salary We've been living that way for three years. during the past seven years, an average We'll begin now to keep a record of our of $1,000 per year.


What Jane said brought to my mind an I am going to tell you their story, or

advertisement which I had seen only a few rather let Mr. B. tell it as he related it days before, about an Expense Book for to me. If you are facing the crisis in your family accounts. So I got the magazine affairs which the B.'s faced in those early

and found the ad. It told about the Economy days of married life, it may help you to

Expense Book for personal and household

accounting. The description told me that it meet it and come off victorious.

was exactly the thing we needed and before Listen to what Mr. B. says:

going to bed I wrote a letter ordering a

copy. In a few days it came, and Jane and I am now 37 years of age; married and the I had an interesting session studying it and Daddy of two children. When I was married entering the Cash and Expenditure Items I had exactly $750 on hand in cash, inherited which we had been keeping tab of since from my father's estate. Up to that time I the midnight resolution. never saved a nickel and if this money hadn't

That book taught us something about the come as a windfall, we could not have been

science of home economics. We learned, for married. I held a good position and was

instance, that in a properly arranged budget earning $2,000 a year. That was in 1907. For the next three years Jane and I just let

a man earning the salary I did could save,

without stinting, at least 30% of his salary. things run along, living comfortably on my

But we were beating that figure. We had salary. The $750 which I inherited went for

raised the ante to 50% and that without furniture and home needs and we did manage

suffering for a single need. Of course, we to buy-on the spur of early married ambi.

had cut out the theatre, the cigars, the extion, perhaps-$300 more of furniture which

pensive lunches and we'd begun to get acwe paid for out of my salary. But all the rest of it went for clothing, rent, food, amuse

quainted with some of our discarded clothes

all over again. And I learned that rent ment, books, cigars, etc. We spent it as it

consumed in the balanced budget 1772% came and it was always a race between our

(which was about our cost); food was 25% cash and our bills to see which would be on

and we cut it to 21%; clothes 17% we top at the end of the month. Usually the

chopped to 50€ that first year and it never cash lost. But the bills didn't press or worry

rose over 10% the first four years. me. I ran accounts with tradesmen who knew me and knew I was good for it. But

We started on the new system in April, gradually the bills distanced the cash and

1910. The following April when we balanced at the end of three years I was in a hole just

the books for the first year we found this re$400; and then the situation grew serious

sult: Every single bill paid and $653 in the because we had a baby and in order to pay

savings bank ! Glorious! We were out of the emergency bills of the occasion, I had to

the woods and for the first time in my entire let my other creditors wait and they became

business career I had visions of success on restless.

which I could actually stand without break

ing through into the quicksands of despair. Jane and I had tried time and time again

We celebrated that night in good style with to live within my salary and save a few dollars,

a dinner and the theatre and that's become but it wasn't any use. We lacked the back part of the program ever since—the annual bone somehow and didn't have the necessary dinner of the board of directors, Jane calls it. system to help us see it through. One day Í came across a remark made by James Hill,

The rest is easy. We were on the right the railroad builder, and it set me thinking.

track and once started nothing could turn It burned itself into my brain. It was this:

us back.

We stuck right to the original program for "If you want to know whether you are

three years, living on half my salary and going to be a success or failure in life, you

saving the other half. Then I got a raise of can easily find out. The test is simple and

$250 and that made it quite a bit easier. A infallible. Are you able to save money? If

year ago I got another raise, bringing my not, drop out. You will fail as sure as you

salary up to $2,500, where it now stands. live. You may not think so, but you will.

I've never had the least trouble, since The seed of success is not in you."

starting on the first page of my first copy of I went home and that evening Jane and I Woolson's Economy Expense Book, in liv. had a long heart-to-heart talk. le sat up ing within my income and saving money.

That book brought us, not only independence, but it changed me from a worried, half-baked existence into a self-respecting, successful man. I am in a position, as the result of our joint efforts, where I need look to no man for favors; and further than that, my success has brought us into a circle of friends, both business and social, who value us because we are looked upon in our town as “ worth while" and “the sort who are getting ahe

************ Woolson's Economy Expense Book is designed to keep track of the income and expenses of the average family in a systematic manner. Each book is made to contain the records of four consecutive years.

No knowledge of bookkeeping or accounting is necessary to properly keep a Woolson Book. The lifetime experience of an expert accountant is in the book. He devised it for his own household and planned it so his wife could keep it.

Two minutes daily is sufficient to keep it written up to date. At the end of each week and month and year you not only know where every penny went, but you will have an analysis and comparative table of all the various expenditures, showing just what it went for. Every detail of money management is provided for by a simple, easy-system that a 12-year-old child could handle.

This book has proved truly a godsend to thousands because it has taught them a sure way to manage their finances. With it you know every minute just where you are money-wise. It automatically shows every penny of income and outgo; just how much for groceries, dress, rent, medicine, amusement, car-fare, etc.-and all this instantly and plainly. It is not complicated or tiresome. In fact, once you have started keeping a Woolson Book you will find it fascinating as a game and a miser for saving money.

The publishers are desirous, while the interest of the American public is fastened on the problem of high-cost-of-living, to distribute several hundred thousand copies of the new greatly improved edition and are doing it in this way:

Merely write to them and ask that a copy be sent you without cost for a five days' examination. If at the end of the time you decide to keep it, you send $2.00 in payment, or if you wish to return it, you can do so without further obligation. Send no cash. Merely fill in the coupon, supply business reference, mail, and the book will be sent you immediately. GEORGE B. WOOLSON & COMPANY

120-11 West 32nd Street

New York City :

George B. Woolson & Company
120-M West 32nd Street,

New York City
Without obligation please send me, all charges
prepaid, your book. I agree to send $2.00 in five
clays or return the book.



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