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M A G A Z I NE,
SIMPKIN, MARSHALL AND CO., LONDON; AND JOHN ROBERTSON, DUBLIN.
PAGE. Adventure at a Buffalo-hunt
623 Isbel's Ground . Alterations in the Poor-law
Jack Raven's First Murder . Ariadne, The, or the Bagman Afloat
Last from Delphi, The Biographical Book-making
164 Last Stage-coachman, The . Bishops and their Incomes, The
505 Law Reforms of the Session Brooke, Sir James, and the Pirates of the Eastern
Legends of Ulster. By Frances Brown :Archipelago
The Burning of Belfast Castle Badgets and Bunglers
The May-eve's Yarra . Bureaucracy and Military Systems in France and
Literature of the Day, 60, 120, 183, 253, 322, 381, Germany
514,578, 643, 707, Carlisle, Lord, on Pope. By T. de Quincey, Esq. 229, 311 Little Difficulty in French Literature, A . Carlisle, Lord, Pope and Mr. de Quincey
482 Louis Kossuth Cathedral Trusts and their Fulfilment
389 March Gales and the Government Caves of Æolus, a Visit to the
445 Messenger, The .
653, Chamisso and the Shadowless Man
356 Money! All the Gold and Silver in the World Church and College in Scotland
453 Monks and Martyrs Church and School in Scotland .
638 Monsieur Hyacinthe of Geneva Coal-mine Explosions
370 Mourning and Half-mourning Coal-mines, How to put in Air and put out Fire in 660 Music, Drama, and the Fine Arts
55, Coal-pit, A Peep at a, and the People in it
Oliver Cromwell, Speech of, on Opening Parliament County-courts and Bar Etiquette
Parliamentary Session of 1851 Craigallan Castle 11, 71, 134, 197, 277, 330, 398, 457, 525
Pearl Divers, The Curiosities of Cowels Interpreter
Philosophy of Murder, The . Decline of Pauperism
193 Pigs and Pig-worship, An Essay on Discourse on Sunday, A
435 Places I have Seen. By Peregrine:Dissolving Views of Life
Darrynane, Valentia, Cahirciveen Early Rising, An Essay on
Hever Castle. Edward Rushton
321 Playbill Reminiscences Ellendeen, The Pools of
432 Pope. By Thomas de Quincey, Esq.
Popinjay Vindicated, The Fate and the Alphabet
170 Fine Arts - British Institute, The
177 POETRY:The Pre-Raphaelites
Anacreon. Ode xx.
377 Anniversary of the German Revolution
Arthur's Seat. An Apology.
Barbarossa Ghost-seer of Tresillion .
Clyde, The Great Eshibition
Dean of Badajoz, The Hat of the Future, The .
Death and the Doctor Heine, his Works and Times
Departure of Summer, The Hint to the Damb, A
Doctors' Commons Homeopathy, On
Ermengarde Impressions de Voyage .
373 Gethsemane; or, the Death of Julia Industrial Investment in Lands and Houses
PAGE. REVIEWS :-(Continued)
Sie Sollen Ich Nicht Haben
Siege of Smithfield, The
Sketches of Irish Society
Tales from the Old Dramatists. No. II.-The
Tenant-right and Farming Leases
467 Working-man's Way in the World, 146, 224, 293, 345,
413, 473, 542, 629, 684, 750
TAIT'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.
BUREAUCRACY AND MILITARY SYSTEMS OF FRANCE AND GERMANY. Ix our two previous notices of this work, we con- government, and have more or less political liberty fined our attention to the sub-division of landed but they have no more civil liberty, and no more property, and its operation on the economical, sense or feeling of it, than when they had no con social, and political condition of the European stitutions at all. They live, act, and have their nations among which it prevails. We now pro- being under a system of interference in every ceed to investigate the second of those peculiar man's movements and doings, precisely as in features which distinguish the social structure of Austria, Prussia, and States without any constitucontinental countries from that of Great Britain, tions or political liberty. ... The reality of civi and which we have called bureaucracy: Mr. liberty in the free use of time, industry, and Laing calls it functionarism, which is, perhaps, a capital, and in the free action of the individual
, is better name. This is a difference which, even unknown to the continental man. It is amusing more than that connected with the partition of the to hear a German or a Frenchman discussing consoil, pervades the daily and domestic life of the stitutional forms of government, universal suffrage nation, and modifies its whole aspect as presented the qualifications of representatives, the equa to the eye of the passing stranger. In England rights of citizens; and, when he has settled all the civil servants of the Government are few, un- these points to his satisfaction, in a theory which connected, and unobtrusive; on the Continent they proves very clearly that we enjoy no real liberty are innumerable, omnipresent, and constitute a in England, and do not understand its first prinseparate, organised, and powerful class. In Eng- ciples, to ask him to take a jaunt with you to 'Tours land they confine themselves to absolutely neces- or Marseilles, Cologne or Leipsic. "Oh,' says he sary functions ; on the Continent they interfere in 'I must run to the bureau for our passports. every transaction and event of life. In England, must get them signed by the proper authorities a3 a general rule, a man is only reminded of their countersigned by other proper authorities, viséec existence by the annual visit of the tax-gatherer, by the proper authorities in every town we stop a unless, indeed, he has to appeal to the law, or has on our journey, in order to prevent trouble wit rendered himself amenable to it; on the Continent the police; and I must get this done before the scarcely a day passes, scarcely an operation can be bureaux are shut for the day, or we shall have t concluded, without coming into contact or collision wait till tomorrow.' To be free and independen with one or other of their number. Many of the in the sense that the common man in England i duties performed by officials on the Continent are free and independent, seems not to be a want i here performed by elected parish or municipal the mind of the continental man, even of fortun functionaries, many are left to individual discre- and education. The English traveller in Franc tion, many more are not performed at all
. With or Germany, who has gone himself to the Hotel d us a man's free-will is limited only by his neigh- Ville or the passport-office, to have his passpor bour's free-will or his neighbour's rights ; in viséed and signed, instead of leaving it to his vale France and Austria it can be exercised only sub- de place, and who has seen the crowd of trades ject to Government permission previously obtained. men, country dealers, travelling artisans, and pea Restriction is the exception here, it is the rule sants from the neighbouring villages, who have there.
Throughout the Continent a citizen cannot been at the fair, standing for hours to have thei engage in business, build a house
, or take a journey, papers examined and signed, will return with without leave; and leave is only obtained through pretty distinct idea of the difference between poli an established routine of tedious and annoying tical and civil freedom, between the mind, spirit formalities.
“ In France, Switzerland, Belgium, character, and social state of the English, and of the and the constitutional States of Germany," says Mr. continental people." Laing, “people call themselves free, because they In order to make the operation of this system of enjoy more or less of the forms of representative | bureaucratic supervision and interference intelli
• Observations on the Social and Political State of the European People in 1843 and 1849; being the second series of The Notes of a Traveller.” By Samuel Laing. London: Longmans. 1850.
voL. YIII.-No. ccv.