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orders for having it killed ten days before. my life: exquisite ! delicious!" This

I fear,” continued he, “it will be found edifying discourse continued through three to want the true heathy flavour ; you courses, which lasted as many hours, till will find nothing of the original wildness every one of the company was unable to in it.” A priest who sat next him having swallow or utter anything more. smelt it, and wiped his nose,

It is very natural for men who are good lord;” cries ħe, “you are too modest; abridged in one excess to break into some it is perfectly fine : everybody knows that other. The clergy here, particularly those nobody understands keeping venison with who are advanced in years, think, if they your lordship.”—“Ay, and partridges, are abstemious with regard to women and too,” interrupted another


“I never find wine, they may indulge their other appe. them right anywhere else.' His lordship tites without censure. Thus some are was going to reply, when a third took off found to rise in the morning only to a the attention of the company, by recom- consultation with their cook about dinner, mending the pig as inimitable. I fancy, and, when that has been swallowed, make my lord,” continues he, “it has been no other use of their faculties (if they have smothered in its own blood." “ If it has any) but to ruminate on the succeeding been smothered in its blood,” cried a meal. facetious member, helping himself, “ we'll A debauch of wine is even more parnow smother it in egg sauce.” This poig. donable than this, since one glass insensibly nant piece of humour produced a long leads on to another, and, instead of sating, loud laugh, which the facetious brother whets the appetite. The progressive steps observing, and now that he was in luck, to it are cheerful and seducing; the grave willing to second his blow, assured the are animated, the melancholy relieved, company he would tell them a good story and there is even classic authority to counabout that.

As good a story,” cries he, tenance the excess. But in eating, after bursting into a violent fit of laughter him- nature is once satisfied, every additional self, “as ever you heard in your lives. morsel brings stupidity and distempers There was a farmer in my parish who with it, and, as one of their own poets used to sup upon wild ducks and flum- expresses it, -mery ; so this farmer

“ Doctor

The soul subsides, and wickedly inclines Marrowfat,” cries his lordship, inter

To seem but mortal, e'en in sound divines. rupting him, “ give me leave to drink

So being, fond of wild Let me suppose, after such a meal as ducks and flummery, Doctor,” this I have been describing, while all the adds a gentleman who sat next to him, company are sitting in lethargic silence “let me advise you to a wing of this round the table, groaning under a load of turkey

So this farmer being fond soup, pig, pork, and bacon; let me sup

-“ Hob and nob, Doctor ; which pose, I say, some hungry beggar, with do you choose, white or red ?” “So, looks of want, peeping through one of being, fond of wild ducks and fummery; the windows, and thus addressing the

“Take care of your band, sir, it assembly : “Prithee, pluck those napkins may dip in the gravy.” The Doctor, now from your chins; after nature is satisfied, looking round, found not a single eye dis- all that you eat extraordinary is my proposed to listen ; wherefore, calling for a perty, and I claim it as mine. It was given glass of wine, he gulped down the disap. you in order to relieve me, and not to pointment and the tale in a bumper. oppress yourselves. How can they comfort

The conversation now began to be little or instruct others, who can scarce feel more than a rhapsody of exclamations: as their own existence, except from the uneach had pretty well satisfied his own savoury returns of an ill-digested meal ? appetite, he now found sufficient time to But though neither you nor the cushions press others. “Excellent! the very thing! you sit upon will hea. me, yet the world let me recommend the pig. Do but taste regards the excesses of its teachers with a the bacon! never ate a better thing in prying eye, and notes their conduct with

your health.

double severity. I know no other answer you may depend upon my future gratiany one of the company could make to tude.' I bowed to the ground, and she such an expostulation but this: “Friend, left me filled with rapture and astonishyou talk of our losing a character, and ment. Night brought me no rest, nor could being disliked by the world; well, and the ensuing morning calm the anxieties of supposing all this to be true, what then! my mind. I projected a thousand methods who cares for the world? We'll preach for her delivery; but each, when strictly for the world, and the world shall pay us examined, appeared impracticable: in this for preaching, whether we like each other uncertainty the evening again arrived, and or not.”

I placed myself on my former station, in

hopes of a repeated visit. After some short LETTER LIX.

expectation, the bright perfection again

appeared : I bowed, as before, to the From Hingpo to Lien Chi Altangi, by the way ground; when, raising me up, she observed of Moscow.

that the time was not to be spent in useless You will probably be pleased to see my ceremony; she observed that the day fol. leiter da ed from Terki, a city which lies lowing was appointed for the celebration beyond the bounds of the Persian empire: of her nuptials, and that something was here, blessed with security, with all that to be done that very night for our mutual is dear, I double my raptures by commu- deliverance. I offered with the utmost nicating them to you : the mind sympa- humility to pursue whatever scheme she thising with the freedom of the body, my should direct : upon which she proposed whole soul is dilated in gratitude, love, that instant to scale the garden wall, adding and praise.

that she had prevailed upon a female slave, Yet, were my own happiness all that who was now waiting at the appointed inspired my present joy, my raptures might place, to assist her with a ladder. justly merit the imputation of self-interest; Pursuant to this information, I led her but when I think that the beautiful Zelis trembling to the place appointed; but, is also free, forgive my triumph when I instead of the slave we expected to see, boast of having rescued from captivity the Mostadad himself was there awaiting our most deserving object upon earth. arrival : the wretch in whom we had con

You remember the reluctance she testi- fided, it seems, had betrayed our design fied at being obliged to marry the tyrant to her master, and he now saw the most she hated. Her compliance at last was convincing proofs of her information. He only feigned, in order to gain time to try was just going to draw his sabre, when a some future means of escape. During principle of avarice repressed his fury; the interval between her promise and the and he resolved, after a severe chastiseintended performance of it she came, un- ment, to dispose of me to another master; discovered, one evening to the place where in the meantime he ordered me to be conI generally retired after the fatigues of the fined in the strictest manner, and the next day: her appearance was like that of an day to receive a hundred blows on the aërial genius, when it descends to minister soles of my feet. comfort to undeserved distress; the mild When the morning came, I was led out lustre of her eye served to banish my timi- in order to receive the punishment, which, dity; her accents were sweeter than the from the severity with which it is generally echo of some distant symphony. “Un- inflicted upon slaves, is worse even than happy stranger,” said she, in the Persian death. language, “ you here perceive one more A trumpet was to be the signal for the wretched than thyself! All this solemnity solemnization of the nuptials of Zelis, and of preparation, this elegance of dress, and for the infliction of my punishment. Each the number of my attendants, serve but to ceremony, to me equally dreadful, was just increase my miseries : if you have courage going to begin, when we were informed to rescue an unhappy woman from ap- that a large body of Circassian Tartars proaching ruin, and our detested tyrant, had invaded the town, and were laying all in ruin. Every person now thought only she, with emotion, “since to them I owe of saving himself: I instantly unloosed every misfortune. Look round on the the cords with which I was bound, and numberless beauties of the country where seizing a scimitar from one of the slaves, 'we are, and see how Nature has poured who had not courage to resist me, flew to its charms upon every face; and yet, by the women's apartment, where Zelis was this profusion, Heaven would seem to confined, dressed out for the intended show how little it regards such a blessing, nuptials. I bade her follow me without since the gift is lavished upon a nation of delay, and, going forward, cut my way prostitutes. through the eunuchs, who made but a faint: “I perceive you desire to know my story, resistance. The whole city was now a and your curiosity is not so great as my scene of conflagration and terror; every impatience to gratify it : I find a pleasure person was willing to save himself, un- in telling past misfortunes to any; but when mindful of others. In this confusion, my deliverer is pleased with the relation, seizing upon two of the fleetest coursers my pleasure is prompted by duty. in the stables of Mostadad, we fled north- “ I was born in a country far to the west, ward towards the kingdom of Circassia. where the men are braver, and the women As there were several others flying in the more fair, than those of Circassia ; where same manner, we passed without notice, the valour of the hero is guided by wisdom, and in three days arrived at Terki, a city and where delicacy of sentiment points the that lies in a valley within the bosom of the shafts of female beauty. I was the only frowning mountains of Caucasus. Here, daughter of an officer in the army, the free from every apprehension of danger, child of his age, and, as he used fondly to we enjoy all those satisfactions which are express it, the only chain that bound him consistent with virtue : though I find my to the world, or made his life pleasing. heart at intervals give way to unusual His station procured him an acquaintance passions, yet such is my admiration for with men of greater rank and fortune than my fair companion, that I lose even ten- himself, and his regard for me induced him derness in distant respect. Though her to bring me into every family where he person demands particular regard even was acquainted. Thus I was early taught among the beauties of Circassia, yet is her all the elegancies and fashionable foibles mind far more lovely. How very different of such as the world calls polite, and, is a woman who thus has cultivated her though without fortune myself, was taught understanding, and been refined into deli- to despise those who lived as if they were cacy of sentiment, from the daughters of poor. the East, whose education is only formed “My intercourse with the great, and my to improve the person, and make them affectation of grandeur, procured me many more tempting objects of prostitution. - lovers ; but want of fortune deterred them Adieu.

all from any other views than those of

passing the present moment agreeably, or LETTER LX.

of meditating my future ruin. In every From the same.

company I found myself addressed in a

warmer strain of passion than other ladies WHEN sufficiently refreshed after the who were superior in point of rank and fatigues of our precipitate flight, my curi- beauty; and this I imputed to an excess osity, which had been restrained by the of respect, which in reality proceeded appearance of immediate danger, now be from very different motives. gan to revive : I longed to know by what Among the number of such as paid distressful accident my fair fugitive became me their addresses was a gentleman, a a captive, and could not avoid testifying friend of my father, rather in the decline a surprise how so much beauty could be of life, with nothing remarkable either in involved in the calamities from whence his person or address to commend him. she had been so lately rescued.

Hisage, which was about forty ; his fortune, "Talk not of personal charms,” cried which was moderate, and barely sufficient


to support him, served to throw me off my than despairing madness. The servants guard : so that I considered him as the were gone for more assistance. In this only sincere admirer I had.

gloomy stillness of the night no sounds Designing lovers in the decline of life were heard but his agonizing respirations ; are ever most dangerous. Skilled in all no object was presented but his wounds, the weaknesses of the sex, they seize each which still continued to stream. With silent favourable opportunity; and by having anguish I hung over his dear face, and less passion than youthful admirers, have with my hands strove to stop the blood as less real respect, and therefore less timidity. it flowed from his wounds : he seemed at This insidious wretch used a thousand arts first insensible, but at last, turning his to succeed in his base designs, all which I dying eyes upon me, 'My dear, dear child,' saw, but imputed to different views, be. cried he; dear, though you have forcause I thought it absurd to believe the gotten your own honour and stained mine, real motives.

I will yet forgive you : by abandoning As he continued to frequent my father's, virtue you have undone me and yourself; the friendship between them became every yet take my forgiveness with the same day greater; and at last, from the intimacy compassion I wish Heaven may pity me.' with which he was received, I was taught He expired. All my succeeding happiness to look upon him as a guardian and a fled with him. Reflecting that I was the friend. Though I never loved, yet I es- cause of his death, whom only I loved upon teemed him; and this was enough to make earth-accused of betraying the honour of me wish for an union, for which he seemed his family with his latest breath-conscious desirous, but to which he feigned several of my own innocence, yet without even a delays ; while, in the meantime, from a possibility of vindicating it—without forfalse report of our being married, every tune or friends to relieve or pity meother admirer forsook me.

abandoned to infamy and the wide cen“I was at last, however, awakened from suring world,- I called out upon the dead the delusion, by an account of his being body that lay stretched before me, and in just married to another young lady with a the agony of my heart asked, why he could considerable fortune. This was no great have left me thus ?— Why, my dear, my mortification to me, as I had always only papa, why could you ruin me thus regarded him merely from prudential and yourself for ever? Oh, pity and remotives; but it had a very different effect turn, since there is none but you to comfort upon my father, who, rash and passionate me!' by nature, and, besides, stimulated by a “I soon found that I had real cause for mistaken notion of military honour, up- sorrow; that I was to expect no compassion braided his friend in such terms, that a from my own sex, nor assistance from the challenge was soon given and accepted. other; and that reputation was much more

“It was about midnight when I was useful in our commerce with mankind, awakened by a message from my father, than really to deserve it. Wherever Í who desired to see me that moment. I came, I perceived myself received either rose with some surprise, and following with contempt or detestation; or whenthe messenger, attended only by another ever I was civilly treated, it was from the servant, came to a field not far from the most base and ungenerous motives. house, where I found him—the assertor “Thus driven from the society of the of my honour, my only friend and sup- virtuous, I was at last, in order to dispel porter, the tutor and companion of my the anxieties of insupportable solitude, youth--lying on one side, covered over obliged to take up with the company of with blood, and just expiring. No tears those whose characters were blasted like streamed down my cheeks, nor sigh es- my own; but who perhaps deserved their caped from my breast, at an object of such infamy. Among this number was a lady terror. I sat down, and supporting his of the first distinction, whose character the aged head in my lap, gazed upon theghastly public thought proper to brand even with visage with an agony more poignant even greater infamy than mine. A similitude of

inform you

distress soon united us; I knew that I seemed in a state of war with every rank general reproach had made her miserable; of people; that virtue, which should have and I had learned to regard misery as an been my protection in the world, was here excuse for guilt. Though this lady had my crime; in short, detesting life, I was not virtue enough to avoid reproach, yet determined to become a recluse, to leave she had too much delicate sensibility not a world where I found no pleasure that to feel it. She therefore proposed our could allure me to stay. Thus determined, leaving the country where we were born, I embarked in order to go by sea to Rome, and going to live in Italy, where our cha- where I intended to take the veil : but racters and misfortunes would be unknown.

even in so short a passage my hard fortune With this I eagerly complied, and we soon still attended me; our ship was taken by found ourselves in one of the most charming a Barbary corsair ; the whole crew, and I retreats in the most beautiful province of among the number, being made slaves. It that enchanting country.

carries too much the air of romance to “Had my companion chosen this as a

my distresses or obstinacy retreat for injured virtue, an harbour where in this miserable state ; it is enough to we might look with tranquillity on the observe, that I have been bought by several distant angry world, I should have been masters, each of whom, perceiving my happy : but very different was her design; reluctance, rather than use violence, sold she had pitched upon this situation only me to another, till it was my happiness to to enjoy those pleasures in private, which be at last rescued by you.' she had not sufficient effrontery to satisfy Thus ended her relation, which I have in a more open manner. A nearer ac- abridged; but as soon as we are arrived at quaintance soon showed me the vicious Moscow, for which we intend to set out part of her character; her mind, as well shortly, you shall be informed of all as her body, seemed formed only for plea- more particularly. In the meantime, the sure : she was sentimental only as it served greatest addition to my happiness will be to protract the immediate enjoyment. to hear of yours. —Adieu. Formed for society alone, she spoke infinitely better than she wrote, and wrote

LETTER LXI. infinitely better than she lived.

From Lien Chi Altangi to Hingpo. devoted to pleasure often leads the most miserable life imaginable ; such was her The news of your freedom lifts the load case ; she considered the natural moments of former anxiety from my mind; I can of languor as insupportable, passed all her now think of my son without regret, hours between rapture and anxiety ; ever in applaud his resignation under calamities, an extreme of agony or of bliss. She felt and his conduct in extricating himself a pain as severe for want of appetite as from them. the starving wretch who wants a meal. In You are now free, just let loose from those intervals she usually kept her bed, the bondage of a hard master : this is the and rose only when in expectation of some crisis of your fate; and as you now manage new enjoyment. The luxuriant air of the fortune, succeeding life will be marked country, the romantic situation of her with happiness or misery. A few years' palace, and the genius of a people whose perseverance in prudence, which at your only happiness lies in sensual refinement, age is but another name for virtue, will all contributed to banish the remembrance ensure comfort, pleasure, tranquillity, esof her native country.

teem; too eager an enjoyment of every “But though such a life gave her plea- good that now offers, will reverse the sure, it had a very different effect upon me; medal, and present you with poverty, I grew every day more pensive, and my anxiety, remorse, contempt. melancholy was regarded as an insult upon As it has been observed, that none are her good humour. I now perceived my- better qualified to give others advice, than self entirely unfit for all society ; discarded those who have taken the least of it themfrom the good, and detesting the infamous, I selves; so in this respect I find myself

A person

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