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give the sensible part of mankind very little untainted to posterity. Come, my son, we pain. A lady loses her muff, her fan, or wait for a song: let us have a chorus. But her lap-dog, and so the silly poet runs where is my darling Olivia ? that little home to versify the disaster.'
cherub's voice is always sweetest in the “That may be the mode,” cried Moses, concert.” Just as I spoke Dick came “in sublimer compositions : but the Rane- running in. 'O
papa, papa, she is gone lagh songs that come down to us are per- from us, she is gone from us ; sister fectly familiar, and all cast in the same Livy is gone from us for ever !". Gone, mould : Colin meets Dolly, and they hold child !”- -“Yes, she is gone off with two a dialogue together; he gives her a gentlemen in a post-chaise, and one of fairing to put in her hair, and she presents them kissed her, and said he would die for him with a nosegay; and then they go her: and she cried very much, and was for together to church, where they give good coming back ; but he persuaded her
again, advice to young nymphs and swains to and she went into the chaise, and said, get married as fast as they can.”
Oh, what will my poor papa do when he “And very good advice too,” cried I; knows I am undone !'”—“Now, then," "and I am told there is not a place in the cried I, “my children, go and be miserworld where advice can be given with so able; for we shall never enjoy one hour much propriety as there : for as it per- more. And oh, may Heaven's everlasting suades us to marry, it also furnishes us with fury light upon him and his !—thus to rob a wife; and surely that must be an excel. me of my child! And sure it will, for lent market, my boy, where we are told taking back my sweet innocent that I was what we want, and supplied with it when leading up to Heaven. Such sincerity as wanting.'
my child was possessed of! But all our Yes, sir,” returned Moses, “and I earthly happiness is now over! Go, my know but of two such markets for wives children, go and be miserable and infain Europe, -Ranelagh in England, and mous; for
heart is broken within me!” Fontarabia in Spain. The Spanish mar- Father,” cried my son, “is this your ket is open once a year; but our English fortitude?"-"Fortitude, child ?-yes, ye wives are saleable every night.”
shall see I have fortitude! Bring me my “You are right, my boy,” cried his pistols. I'll pursue the traitor- while he mother; “ Old England is the only place is on earth i'll pursue him.
Old as I am, in the world for husbands to get wives.' he shall find I can sting him yet. The vil“And for wives to manage their husbands,' lain, the perfidious villain !” I had by interrupted I. “It is a proverb abroad, this time reached down my pistols, when that if a bridge were built across the sea, my poor wife, whose passions were not so all the ladies of the Continent would come strong as mine, caught me in her arms. over to take pattern from ours ; for there “My dearest, dearest husband !” cried are no such wives in Europe as our own. she, “the Bible is the only weapon that But let us have one bottle more, Deborah, is fit for your old hands now. Open my life ; and, Moses, give us a good song. that, my love, and read our anguish into What thanks do we not owe to Heaven for patience, for she has vilely deceived us.”. thus bestowing tranquillity, health, and Indeed, sir," resumed my son, after a competence ! I think myself happier now pause, “your rage is too violent and unthan the greatest monarch upon earth. He becoming. You should be my mother's has no such fireside, nor such pleasant comforter, and you increase her pain. It faces about it. Yes, Deborah, we are now ill suited you and your reverend character growing old ; but the evening of our life thus to curse your greatest enemy : you is likely to be happy. We are descended should not have cursed him, villain as he from ancestors that knew no stain, and we is.”—“I did not curse him child, did I?" shall leave a good and virtuous
race of chil. =“Indeed, sir, you did ; you cursed him dren behind us. While we live, they will twice.”—“Then may Heaven forgive me be our support and our pleasure here; and and him if I did ! And now, my son, I when we die, they will transmit our honour see it was more than human benevolence that first taught us to bless our enemies : may err; art may persuade, and novelty Blessed be His holy name for all the good spread out its charm. The first fault is the He hath given, and for all that He hath child of simplicity, but every other, the offtaken away. But it is not-it is not a small spring of guilt. Yes, the wretched creature distress that can wring tears from these old shall be welcome to this heart and this eyes, that have not wept for so many years. house, though stained with ten thousand My child! to undo my darling!-May con- vices. I will again hearken to the music fusion seize--Heaven forgive me! what of her voice, again will I hang fondly on am I about to say !-you may remember, her bosom, ii I find but repentance there. my love, how good she was, and how My son, bring hither my Bible and my charming: till this vile moment all her staff: I will pursue her, wherever she care was to make us happy. Had she but is; and though I cannot save her from died! But she is gone, the honour of our shame, I may prevent the continuance of family contaminated, and must look iniquity.” out for happiness in other worlds than here. But, my child, you saw them go
CHAPTER XVIII. off : perhaps he forced her away? If he The Pursuit of a Father to reclaim a Lost Child
to Virtue. forced her, she may yet be innocent.”“Ah, no, sir,' cried the child; "he only THOUGH the child could not describe kissed her, and called her his angel, and the gentleman's person who handed his she wept very much, and leaned upon his sister into the post-chaise, yet my suspicions arm, and they drove off very fast.”—“She's fell entirely upon our young landlord, an ungrateful creature,” cried my wife, whose character for such intrigues was but who could scarcely speak for weeping, “to too well known. I therefore directed my use us thus. She never had the least con- steps towards Thornhill Castle, resolving straint put upon her affections. The vile to upbraid him, and, if possible, to bring strumpet has basely deserted her parents back my daughter: but before I had without any provocation, thus to bring reached his seat, I was met by one of my your gray hairs to the grave; and I must parishioners, who said he saw a young lady shortly follow."
resembling my daughter in a post-chaise In this manner that night, the first of with a gentleman, whom by the description our real misfortunes, was spent in the bit. I could only guess to be Mr. Burchell, terness of complaint, and ill-supported and that they drove very fast. This inforsallies of enthusiasm. I determined, how. mation, however, did by no means satisfy ever, to find out our betrayer, wherever me. I therefore went to the young Squire's, he was, and reproach his baseness. The and, though it was yet early, insisted upon next morning we missed our wretched child seeing him immediately. He soon apat breakfast, where she used to give life peared with the most open familiar air, and and cheerfulness to us all. My wife, as seemed perfectly amazed at my daughter's before, attempted to ease her heart by re- elopement, protesting, upon his honour, proaches. “Never,” cried she, “shall that that he was quite a stranger to it. I now vilest stain of our family again darken these therefore condemned my former suspicions, harmless doors. I will never call her daugh- and could turn them only on Mr. Burchell, ter more. No, let the strumpet live with who, I recollected, had of late several priher vile seducer : she may bring us to vate conferences with her; but the appearshame, but she shall never more deceive ance of another witness left me no room
to doubt his villany, who averred, that “Wife,” said I,“ do not talk thus hardly: he and my daughter were actually gone my detestation of her guilt is as great as towards the Wells, about thirty miles off, yours; but ever shall this house and this where there was a great deal of company. heart be open to a poor returning repentant Being driven to that state of mind in which sinner. The sooner she returns from her we all are more ready to act precipitately transgressions, the more welcome shall she than to reason right, I never debated with be to me. For the first time the very best myself whether these accounts might not have been given by persons purposely alighted, but he was in haste to be gone; placed in my way to mislead me, but re- for he was ever on business of the utmost solved to pursue my daughter and her importance, and was at that time actually fancied deluder thither. I walked along compiling materials for the history of one with earnestness, and inquired of several Mr. Thomas Trip. I immediately recol. by the way; but received no accounts, till, lected this good-natured man's red pimpled entering the town, I was met by a person face ; for he had published for me against on horseback, whom I remembered to have the Deuterogamists of the age ; and from seen at the Squire's, and he assured me him I borrowed a few pieces, to be paid at that if I followed them to the races, which my return. Leaving the inn, therefore, as were but thirty miles farther, I might I was yet but weak, I resolved to return depend upon overtaking them; for he had home by easy journeys of ten miles a day. seen them dance there the night before, My health and usual tranquillity were and the whole assembly seemed charmed almost restored, and I now condemned with my daughter's performance. Early that pride which had made me refractory the next day, I walked forward to the races, to the hand of correction. Man little and about four in the afternoon I came knows what calamities are beyond his upon the course. The company made a patience to bear, till he tries them: as in very brilliant appearance, all earnestly em- ascending the heights of ambition, which ployed in one pursuit, -that of pleasure: look bright from below, every step we rise how different from mine,--that of reclaim- shows us some new and gloomy prospect of ing a lost child to virtue! I thought I per- hidden disappointment; so in our descent ceived Mr. Burchell at some distance from from the summits of pleasure, though the me; but, as if he dreaded an interview, vale of misery below may appear at first upon my approaching him he mixed among dark and gloomy, yet the busy mind, still a crowd, and I saw him no more.
attentive to its own amusement, finds, as I now reflected that it would be to no we descend, something to flatter and to purpose to continue my pursuit farther, and please. Still as we approach, the darkest resolved to return home to an innocent objects appear to brighten, and the mental family, who wanted my assistance. But eye becomes adapted to its gloomy situathe agitations of my mind, and the fatigues tion. I had undergone, threw me into a fever, I now proceeded forward, and had the symptoms of which I perceived before walked about two hours, when I perceived I came off the course. This was another what appeared at a distance like a waggon, únexpected stroke, as I was more than which I was resolved to overtake; but seventy miles distant from home: however, when I came up with it, found it to be a I retired to a little alehouse by the road- strolling company's cart, that was carrying side ; and in this place, the usual retreat their scenes and other theatrical furniture of indigence and frugality, I laid me down to the next village, where they were to patiently to wait the issue of my disorder. exhibit. The cart was attended only by Í languished here for nearly three weeks; the person who drove it, and one of the but at last my constitution prevailed, company, as the rest of the players were to though I was unprovided with money to follow the ensuing day. “Good company defray the expenses of my entertainment. upon the road,” says the proverb, “is the It is possible the anxiety from this last shortest cut.” I therefore entered into concircumstance alone might have brought on versation with the poor player; and as I à relapse, had I not been supplied by a once had some theatrical powers myself, traveller, who stopped to take a cursory I disserted on such topics with my usual refreshment. This person was no other freedom: but as I was pretty much unthan the philanthropic bookseller in St. acquainted with the present state of the Paul's Churchyard, who has written so stage, I demanded who were the present many little books for children : he called theatrical writers in vogue-who the himself their friend, but he was the friend Drydens and Otways of the day?-"I of all mankind. He was sooner fancy, sir,” cried the player, “ few of our
modern dramatists would think themselves to desire me and the player to partake in much honoured, by being compared to the a bowl of punch, over which he discussed writers you mention. Dryden's and modern politics with great earnestness and
Rowe's manner, sir, are quite out of interest. I set him down, in my own | fashion: our taste has gone back a whole mind, for nothing less than a parliament
century; Fletcher, Ben Jonson, and all the man at least ; but was almost confirmed plays of Shakespeare are the only things in my conjectures, when, upon asking that go down.”—“How,” cried Í, “is it what there was in the house for supper, he possible the present age can be pleased insisted that the player and I should sup with that antiquated dialect, that obsolete with him at his house; with which request, humour, those overcharged characters, after some entreaties, we were prevailed which abound in the works you mention?” on to comply.
_“Sir," returned my companion, "the public think nothing about dialect or
CHAPTER XIX. humour, or character, for that is none of the description of a person discontented with their business; they only go to be amused, the present Government, and apprehensive of and find themselves happy when they can
the loss of our liberties. enjoy a pantomime, under the sanction of The house where we were to be enterJonson's or Shakespeare's name.”—“So tained lying at a small distance from the then, I suppose,” cried I," that our modern village, our inviter observed, that as the dramatists are rather imitators of Shake coach was not ready, he would conduct us speare than of nature.”—“To say the on foot; and we soon arrived at one of the truth,” returned my companion, “I don't most magnificent mansions I had seen in know that they imitate anything at all; that part of the country. The apartment
nor, indeed, does the public require it of into which we were shown was perfectly 1 them ; it is not the composition of the elegant and modern : he went to give
piece, but the number of starts and attitudes orders for supper, while the player, with that may
be introduced into it, that elicits a wink, observed that we were perfectly in applause. I have known a piece, with luck. Our entertainer soon returned ; an not one jest in the whole, shrugged into elegant supper was brought in; two or popularity, and another saved, by the poet's three ladies in easy dishabille were introthrowing in a fit of the gripes. No, sir, duced, and the conversation began with the works of Congreve and Farquhar have some sprightliness. Politics, however, was too mạch wit in them for the present taste; the subject on which our entertainer chiefly our modern dialect is much more natural.' expatiated; for he asserted that liberty
By this time, the equipage of the strolling was at once his boast and his terror. After company was arrived at the village, which, the cloth was removed, he asked me if I it seems, had been apprised of our ap- had seen the last Monitor ? to which, reproach, and was come out to gaze at us; plying in the negative, “What ! nor the for my companion observed, that strollers Auditor, I suppose ?" cried he. “Neither, always have more spectators without doors sir," returned I. “That's strange, very than within. I did not consider the impro- strange !" replied my entertainer. “Now, priety of my being in such company, till I read all the politics that come out : the I saw a mob gather about me. I therefore Daily, the Public, the Ledger, the took shelter, as fast as possible, in the first Chronicle, the London Evening, the alehouse that offered ; and being shown Whitehall Evening, the seventeen Magainto the common room, was accosted by zines, and the two Reviews; and, though a very well-dressed gentleman, who de- they hate each other, I love them all. manded whether I was the real chaplain Liberty, sir, liberty is the Briton's boast ! of the company, or whether it was only to and, by all my coal-mines in Cornwall, I be my masquerade character in the play ? reverence its guardians.”—“Then, it is to Upon informing him of the truth, and be hoped,” cried I, “you reverence the that I did not belong, in any sort, to the king ?" _“Yes," returned my entertainer, company, he was condescending enough "when he does what we would have him;
but if he goes on as he has done of late, farther off, in the metropolis. Now, sir, I'll never trouble myself more with his for my own part, as I naturally hate the matters. I say nothing. I think, only, I face of a tyrant, the farther off he is recould have directed some things better. moved from me the better pleased am I. I don't think there has been a sufficient The generality of mankind also are of my number of advisers : he should advise with way of thinking, and have unanimously every person willing to give him advice, created one king, whose election at once and then we should have things done in diminishes the number of tyrants, and puts another guess manner.”
tyranny at the greatest distance from the “I wish,” cried I, “that such intruding greatest number of people. Now, the advisers were fixed in the pillory. It great, who were tyrants themselves before should be the duty of honest men to assist the election of one tyrant, are naturally the weaker side of our constitution, that averse to a power raised over them, and sacred power that has for some years whose weight must ever lean heaviest on been every day declining, and losing its the subordinate orders. It is the interest due share of influence in the state. But of the great, therefore, to diminish kingly these ignorants still continue the same cry power as much as possible; because, whatof liberty, and, if they have any weight, ever they take from that is naturally rebasely throw it into the subsiding scale." stored to themselves ; and all they have
“How !” cried one of the ladies, “ do I to do in the state is to undermine the live to see one so base, so sordid, as to be single tyrant, by which they resume their an enemy to liberty, and a defender of ty- primeval authority. Now, the state may rants ? Liberty, that sacred gift of Heaven, be so circumstanced, or its laws may be that glorious privilege of Britons !” so disposed, or its men of opulence so
Can it be possible,” cried our enter- minded, as all to conspire in carrying on tainer, " that there should be any found this business of undermining monarchy. at present advocates for slavery? Any who For, in the first place, if the circumstances are for meanly giving up the privileges of of our state be such as to favour the acBritons ? Can any, sir, be so abject ?” cumulation of wealth, and make the opu.
“No, sir,” replied I, “I am for liberty ! lent still more rich, this will increase their that attribute of gods ! Glorious liberty ! ambition. An accumulation of wealth, that theme of modern declamation! I however, must necessarily be the consewould have all men kings ! I would be quence, when, as at present, more riches a king myself. We have all naturally flow in from external commerce than arise an equal right to the throne : we are all from internal industry ; for external comoriginally equal. This is my opinion, and merce can only be managed to advantage was once the opinion of a set of honest by the rich, and they have also at the same men who were called Levellers. They time all the emoluments arising from intried to erect themselves into a com- ternal industry; so that the rich, with us, munity, where all should be equally free. have two sources of wealth, whereas the But, alas ! it would never answer: for poor have but one.
For this reason, there were some among them stronger, wealth, in all commercial states, is found and some more cunning, than others, and to accumulate ; and all such have hitherto these became masters of the rest ; for, as in time become aristocratical. Again, the sure as your groom rides your horses, be very laws also of this country may contricause he is a cunninger animal than they, bute to the accumulation of wealth; as so surely will the animal that is cunninger when, by their means, the natural ties that or stronger than he, sit upon his shoulders bind the rich and poor together are broken, in turn. Since, then, it is entailed upon and it is ordained that the rich shall only humanity to submit, and some are born to marry with the rich ; or when the learned command and others to obey, the question are held unqualified to serve their country is, as there must be tyrants, whether it is as counsellors, merely from a defect of better to have them in the same house opulence, and wealth is thus made the with us, or in the same village, or, still object of a wise man's ambition : by these