« ПретходнаНастави »
oft, dancing a rigadoon, and smelling to is called the Rambler.”—“The Rambler!" his own nosegay;
says the coachman: “I beg, sir, you'll take The person who after him appeared as your place ; I have heard our ladies in the candidate for a place in the stage came court of Apollo frequently mention it with up with an air not quite so confident, but rapture; and Clio, who happens to be a somewhat, however, theatrical; and, in- little grave, has been heard to prefer it stead of entering, made the coachman a to the Spectator ; though others have very low bow, which the other returned, observed, that the reflections, by being and desired to see his baggage; upon refined, sometimes become minute.” which he instantly produced some farces, This grave gentleman was scarcely a tragedy, and other miscellany produc- seated, when another, whose appearance tions. The coachman, casting his eye was something more modern, seemed willupon the cargo, assured him, at present ing to enter, yet afraid to ask. He carried he could not possibly have a place, but in his hand a bundle of essays, of which hoped in time he might aspire to one, as the coachman was curious enough to in. he seemed to have read in the book of quire the contents. “These,” replied the nature, without a careful perusal of which gentleman, “are rhapsodies against the none ever found entrance at the Temple religion of my country.'
"_" And how can of Fame. "What !” replied the disap- you expect to come into my coach, after pointed poet,“ shall my tragedy, in which thus choosing the wrong side of the quesÎ have vindicated the cause of liberty tion ?” -“ Ay, but I am right,” replied and virtue “Follow nature,” re- the other ; " and if you give me leave, I turned the other, “and never expect to shall, in a few minutes, state the argufind lasting fame by topics which only ment.”— Right or wrong," said the please from their popularity. Had you coachman, “he who disturbs religion is a been first in the cause of freedom, or praised blockhead, and he shall never travel in a in virtue more than an empty name, it is coach of mine.”—“If
, then,” said the possible you might have gained admit, gentleman, mustering up all his courage, tance; but at present I beg, sir, you will ' if I am not to have admittance as an stand aside for another gentleman whom essayist, I hope I shall not be repulsed as I see approaching.
an historian; the last volume of my history This was a very grave personage, whom met with applause.”—“ Yes,” replied the at some distance I took for one of the coachman,“ but I have heard only the most reserved, and even disagreeable, first approved at the Temple of Fame ; figures I had seen ; but as he approached and as I see you have it about you, enter, his appearance improved, and when I without farther ceremony.” My attention could distinguish him thoroughly, I per- was now diverted to a crowd who were ceived that, in spite of the severity of his pushing forward a person that seemed more brow, he had one of the most good-natured inclined to the Stage-coach of Riches; but countenances that could be imagined. by their means he was driven forward to the Upon coming to open the stage-door, he same machine, which he, however, seemed lifted a parcel of folios into the seat before heartily to despise. Impelled, however, him, but our inquisitorial coachman at by their solicitations, he steps up, flourish. once shoved them out again, "What! ing a voluminous history, and demanding not take in my Dictionary?” exclaimed admittance. “Sir, I have formerly heard the other in a rage. “Be patient, sir,” your name mentioned,” says the coachman, replied the coachman : “ I have drove a but never as an historian. Is there no coach, man and boy, these two thousand other work upon which you may claim a years; but I do not remember to have place ?”—“None,” replied the other, carried above one dictionary during the except a romance; but this is a work of whole time. That little book which I too trifling a nature to claim future attenperceive peeping from one of your pockets, tion.”_“You mistake,” says the inquisitor; may presume to ask what it contains ?" “a well-written romance is no such easy
A mere trifle," replied the author ; “it task as is generally imagined. I remember formerly to have carried Cervantes and of the same absurdity, and my Lord Duke Segrais ; and if you think fit, you may and Sir Harry (two footmen who assume enter.”
these characters) have nothing else to do Upon our three literary travellers coming but to talk like their masters, and are into the same coach, I listened atten- only introduced to speak and to show tively to hear what might be che conver- themselves. Thus, as there is a sameness sation that passed upon this extraordinary of character, there is a barrenness of incioccasion ; when, instead of agreeable or dent, which, by a very small share of ad. entertaining dialogue, I found them grum- dress, the poet might have easily avoided. bling at each other, and each seemed dis- From a conformity to critic rules, which contented with his companions. Strange! perhaps on the whole have done more thought I to myself, that they who are harm than good, our author has sacrificed thus born to enlighten the world, should all the vivacity of the dialogue to nature; still preserve the narrow prejudices of and though he makes his characters talk childhood, and, by disagreeing, make even like servants, they are seldom absurd the highest merit ridiculous. Were the enough, or lively enough, to make us learned and the wise to unite against the merry. Though he is always natural, he dunces of society, instead of sometimes happens seldom to be humorous. siding into opposite parties with them, The satire was well intended, if we they might throw a lustre upon each regard it as being masters ourselves; but other's reputation, and teach every rank probably a philosopher would rejoice in of subordinate merit, if not to admire, at that liberty which Englishmen give their least not to avow dislike.
domestics; and for my own part, I cannot In the midst of these reflections I per- avoid being pleased at the happiness of ceived the coachman, unmindful of me, those poor creatures, who in some measure had now mounted the box. Several were contribute to mine. The Athenians, the approaching to be taken in whose pre- politest and best-natured people upon tensions I was sensible were very just ; earth, were the kindest to their slaves ; I therefore desired him to stop, and take and if a person may judge who has seen in more passengers: but he replied, as he the world, our English servants are the had now mounted the box, it would be best treated, because the generality of our improper to come down; but that he should English gentlemen are the politest under take them all, one after the other, when the sun. he should return. So he drove away; and But not to lift my feeble voice among for myself, as I could not get in, I mounted the pack of critics, who probably have behind, in order to hear the conversation no other occupation but that of cutting
up everything new, I must own there (To be continued.)
are one or two scenes that are fine satire,
and sufficiently humorous; particularly A WORD OR TWO) ON THE LATE FARCE the first interview between the two foot. CALLED “HIGH LIFE BELOW STAIRS."
men, which at once ridicules the manners Just as I had expected before I saw this of the great, and the absurdity of their farce, I found it formed on too narrow a imitators. plan to afford a pleasing variety. The Whatever defects there might be in sameness of the humour in every scene the composition, there were none in the could not at last fail of being disagreeable. action; in this the performers showed The poor affecting the manners of the rich more humour than I had fancied them might be carried on through one character, capable of. Mr. Palmer and Mr. King or two at the most, with great propriety; were entirely what they desired to reprebut to have almost every personage on sent; and Mrs. Clive-(but what need I the scene almost of the same character, talk of her, since, without the least exag. and reflecting the follies of each other, was geration, she has more true humour unartful in the poet to the last degree. than any other actor or actress upon the
The scene was also almost a continuation English or any other stage I have seen)
on the way.
she, I say, did the part all the justice it antiquity, than even those written in exwas capable of. And, upon the whole, press imitation. It was then modern a farce which has only this to recommend language began to be cultivated with asit, that the author took his plan from the siduity, and our poets and orators poured volume of nature, by the sprightly manner forth their wonders upon the world. in which it was performed, was, for one
As writers become more numerous, it night, a tolerable entertainment. This is natural for readers to become more much may be said in its vindication, that | indolent; whence must necessarily arise people of fashion seemed more pleased in a desire of attaining knowledge with the the representation than the subordinate est possible ease. No science or ranks of people.
art offers its instruction and amusement
in so obvious a manner as statuary and UPON UNFORTUNATE MERIT.
painting. Hence we see that a desire of EVERY age seems to have its favourite cultivating those arts generally attends pursuits, which serve to amuse the idle the decline of science. Thus the finest and to relieve the attention of the in- statues and the most beautiful paintings dustrious. Happy the man who is born of antiquity preceded but a little the excellent in the pursuit in vogue, and absolute decay of every other science. whose genius seems adapted to the times The statues of Antoninus, Commodus, in which he lives. How many do we and their contemporaries are the finest see who might have excelled in arts or productions of the chisel, and appeared sciences, and who seem furnished with but just before learning was destroyed talents equal to the greatest discoveries, by comment, criticism, and barbarous had the road not been already beaten by invasions. their predecessors, and nothing left for What happened in Rome may probably them except trifles to discover, while be the case with us at home.
Our noothers of very moderate abilities become bility are now more solicitous in patronfamous, because happening to be first in ising painters and sculptors than those of the reigning pursuit !
any other polite profession; and from the Thus, at the renewal of letters in lord, who has his gallery, down to the Europe the taste was not to compose apprentice, who has his twopenny coppernew books, but to comment on the old plate, all are admirers of this art
. The It was not to be expected that new great, by their caresses, seem insensible books should be written, when there were to all other merit but that of the pencil; so many of the ancients either not known and the vulgar buy every book rather or not understood. It was not reasonable from the excellence of the sculptor than to attempt new conquests, while they had the writer. such an extensive region lying waste for How happy were it now, if men of real want of cultivation. At that period excellence in that profession were to arise! criticism and erudition were the reigning Were the painters of Italy now to appear, studies of the times, and he who had who once wandered like beggars from one only an inventive genius might have lan- city to another, and produce their almost guished in hopeless obscurity. When the breathing figures, what rewards might writers of antiquity were sufficiently ex- they not expect! But many of them plained and known, the learned set about lived without rewards, and therefore reimitating them: hence proceeded the wards alone will never produce their number of Latin orators, poets, and his equals. We have often found the great torians, in the rei of Clement the exert themselves, not
nly without proSeventh and Alexander the Sixth. This motion, but in spite of opposition.
We passion for antiquity lasted for many have often found them flourishing, like years, to the utter exclusion of every medical plants, in a region of savageness other pursuit, till some began to find, that and barbarity, their excellence unknown, those works which were imitated from and their virtues unheeded. nature were more like the writings of They who have seen the paintings of
Caravagio are sensible of the surprising of youth. Yet is it not a little surprising, impression they make, -bold, swelling, that it should have been treated almost terrible to the last degree; all seems by all in a declamatory manner? They animated, and speaks him among the have insisted largely on the advantages foremost of his profession; yet this man's that result from it, both to the individual fortune and his fame seemed ever in and to society, and have expatiated in the opposition to each other.
praise of what no one has ever been so Unknowing how to flatter the great, hardy as to call in question. he was driven from city to city in the Instead of giving us fine but empty utmost indigence, and might truly be said harangues upon this subject, instead of to paint for his bread.
indulging each his particular and whimHaving one day insulted a person of sical system, it had been much better if distinction, who refused to pay him all the writers on this subject had treated it the respect which he thought his due, he in a more scientific manner, repressed all was obliged to leave Rome and travel the sallies of imagination, and given us on foot, his usual method of going his the result of their observations with di. journeys, down into the country, without dactic simplicity. Upon this subject the either money or friends to subsist him. smallest errors are of the most dangerous
After he had travelled in this manner consequence; and the author should venas long as his strength would permit, ture the imputation of stupidity upon a faint with famine and fatigue, he at last topic, where his slightest deviations may called at an obscure inn by the wayside. tend to injure the rising generation. The host knew, by the appearance of his I shall, therefore, throw out a few guest, his indifferent circumstances, and thoughts upon this subject, which have refused to furnish him a dinner without not been attended to by others, and shall previous payment.
dismiss all attempts to please, while I As Caravagio was entirely destitute of study only instruction. money, he took down the innkeeper's The manner in which our youth of Lonsign, and painted it anew for his dinner. don are at present educated is, some in
Thus refreshed, he proceeded on his free schools in the city, but the far greater journey, and left the innkeeper not quite number in boarding schools about town. satisfied with this method of payment. The parent justly consults the health of Some company of distinction, however, his child, and finds that an education in coming soon after, and struck with the the country tends to promote this much beauty of the new sign, bought it at an more than a continuance in the town. advanced price, and astonished the inn- Thus far they are right: if there were a keeper with their generosity: he was possibility of having even our free schools resolved, therefore, to get as many signs kept a little out of town, it would ceras possible drawn by the same artist, as tainly conduce to the health and vigour he found he could sell them to good ad- of perhaps the mind as well as of the vantage; and accordingly set out after body. It may be thought whimsical, but Caravagio, in order to bring him back. it is truth, - I have found by experience, It was nightfall before he came up to the that they who have spent all their lives place where the unfortunate Caravagio in cities contract not only an effeminacy lay dead by the roadside, overcome by of habit, but even of thinking: fatigue, resentment, and despair.
But when I have said that the boarding
schools are preferable to free schools, as No. VI.-Saturday, November 10, 1759.
being in the country, this is certainly the ON EDUCATION.
only advantage I can allow them ; otherTo the Author of the Bee.
wise it is impossible to conceive the
ignorance of those who take upon them SIR, -As few subjects are more interesting the important trust of education. Is any to society, so few have been more fre- man unfit for any of the professions? he quently written upon, than the education finds his last resource in setting up school.
Do any become bankrupts in trade? they he is necessary: and I will be bold enough still set up a boarding school, and drive to say, that schoolmasters in a state are a trade this way, when all others fail : more necessary than clergymen, as chilnay, I have been told of butchers and dren stand in more need of instruction barbers who have turned schoolmasters; than their parents. and, more surprising still, made fortunes But instead of this, as I have already in their new professions.
observed, we send them to board in the Could we think ourselves in a country country to the most ignorant set of men of civilized people—could it be conceived that can be imagined. But lest the ignothat we have any regard for posterity- rance of the master be not sufficient, the when such are permitted to take the child is generally consigned to the usher. charge of the morals, genius, and health This is generally some poor needy animal, of those dear little pledges, who may one little superior to a footman either in learnday be the guardians of the liberties of ing or spirit, invited to his place by an adEurope, and who may serve as the honour vertisement, and kept there merely from and bulwark of their aged parents? The his being of a complying disposition, and care of our children, is it below the state? making the children fond of him. “You is it fit to indulge the caprice of the igno- give your child to be educated to a slave,” rant with the disposal of their children 'says a philosopher to a rich man: “instead in this particular? For the state to take of one slave, you will then have two." the charge of all its children, as in Persia It were well, however, if parents, upon or Sparta, might at present be incon- fixing their children in one of these houses, venient; but surely with great ease it would examine the abilities of the usher might cast an eye to their instructors. as well as of the master; for, whatever Of all members of society, I do not know they are told to the contrary, the usher is a more useful or a more honourable one generally the person most employed in than a schoolmaster; at the same time their education. If, then, a gentleman that I do not see any more generally upon putting out his son to one of these despised, or whose talents are so ill houses, sees the usher disregarded by the rewarded.
master, he may depend upon it, that he is Were the salaries of schoolmasters to equally disregarded by the boys; the truth be augmented from a diminution of useless is, in spite of all their endeavours to please, sinecures, how might it turn to the ad- they are generally the laughing-stock of vantage of this people—a people whom, the school. Every trick is played upon without flattery, I may in other respects the usher; the oddity of his manners, his term the wisest and greatest upon earth! dress, or his language, is a fund of eternal But, while I would reward the deserving, ridicule; the master himself now and then I would dismiss those utterly unqualified cannot avoid joining in the laugh, and for their employment: in short, I would the poor wretch, eternally resenting this make the business of a schoolmaster every ill usage, seems to live in a state of war way more respectable, by increasing their with all the family. This is a very proper salaries, and admitting only men of person, is it not, to give children a relish
for learning ? They must esteem learning There are already schoolmasters ap- | very much when they see its professors pointed, and they have some small sala- used with such ceremony. If the usher ries; but where at present there is but one be despised, the father may be assured his schoolmaster appointed, there should at child will never be properly instructed. least be two; and wherever the salary is But let me suppose that there are some at present twenty pounds, it should be an schools without these inconveniences,hundred. Do we give immoderate bene- where the master and ushers are men of fices to those who instruct ourselves, and learning, reputation, and assiduity. If shall we deny even subsistence to those there are to be found such, they cannot be who instruct our children? Every member prized in a state sufficiently. A boy will of society should be paid in proportion as I learn more true wisdom in a public school