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resist his arts and assiduity, and that found passable.” I testified the pleasure

a farmer's daughter within ten I should have in his company, and my miles round but what had found him wife and daughters joining in entreaty, he successful and faithless. Though this ac- was prevailed upon to stay supper. The count gave me some pain, it had a very stranger's conversation, which was at once different effect upon my daughters, whose pleasing and instructive, induced me to features seemed to brighten with the wish for a continuance of it; but it was expectation of an approaching triumph : now high time to retire and take refreshnor was my wife less pleased and confident ment against the fatigues of the following of their allurements and virtue. While day. our thoughts were thus employed, the The next mornin we all set forward hostess entered the room to inform her together : my family on horseback, while husband that the strange gentleman, who Mr. Burchell, our new companion, walked had been two days in the house, wanted along the footpath by the road-side, obmoney, and could not satisfy them for his serving with a smile that, as we were ill reckoning

!” replied the mounted, he would be too generous to host,“ that must be impossible ; for it was attempt leaving us behind. As the floods no later than yesterday he paid three were not yet subsided, we were obliged to guineas to our beadle to spare an old bro- hire a guide, who trotted on before, Mr. ken soldier that was to be whipped through Burchell and I bringing up the rear. We the town for dog-stealing: The hostess, lightened the fatigues of the road with however, still persisting in her first asser- philosophical disputes, which he seemed tion, he was preparing to leave the room, to understand perfectly. But what surswearing that he would be satisfied one prised me most was, that though he was a way or another, when I begged the land- money borrower, he defended his opinions lord would introduce me to a stranger of with as much obstinacy as if he had been so much charity as he described. With my patron. He now and then also inthis he complied, showing in a gentleman formed me to whom the different seats who seemed to be about thirty, dressed in belonged that lay in our view as clothes that once were laced. His person travelled the road. “That,” cried he, was well formed, and his face marked with pointing to a very magnificent house which the lines of thinking. He had something stood at some distance, “ belongs to Mr. short and dry in his address, and seemed Thornhill, a young gentleman who enjoys not to understand ceremony, or to despise a large fortune, though entirely dependent it. Upon the landlord's leaving the room, on the will of his uncle, Sir William I could not avoid expressing my concern Thornhill, a gentleman who, content with to the stranger at seeing a gentleman in a little himself, permits his nephew to such circumstances, and offered him my enjoy the rest, and chiefly resides in purse to satisfy the present demand. "I town.”—“What!” cried I, “is my young take it with all my heart, sir,” replied he, | landlord then the nephew of a man, whose "and am glad that a late oversight in virtues, generosity, and singularities are giving what money I had about me has so universally known ? I have heard Sir shown me there are still some men like William Thornhill represented as one of you. I must, however, previously entreat the most generous yet whimsical men being informed of the name and residence the kingdom; a man of consummate beneof my benefactor, in order to repay him as volence.”- Something, perhaps, soon as possible. In this I satisfied him much so,” replied Mr. Burchell ; " at least fully, not only mentioning my name and he carried benevolence to an excess when late misfortunes, but the place to which I young; for his passions were then strong, was going to remove. This,” cried he, and as they were all upon the side of virtue “happens still more luckily than I hoped they led it up to a romantic extreme. He for, as I am going the same way myself, early began to aim at the qualifications of having been detained here two days by the the soldier and the scholar : was soon floods, which I hope by to-morrow will be distinguished in the army, and had some



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reputation among men of learning. Adu- —that-I forget what I was going to oblation ever follows the ambitious; for such serve: in short, sir, he resolved to respect alone receive most pleasure from flattery. himself, and laid down a plan of restoring He was surrounded with crowds, who his falling fortune.

For this purpose, in showed him only one side of their cha- i his own whimsical manner, he travelled racter ; so that he began to lose a regard through Europe on foot; and now, though for private interest in universal sympathy. he has scarce attained the age of thirty, He loved all mankind; for fortune pre- his circumstances are more affluent than vented him from knowing that there were At present, his bounties are more rascals. Physicians tell us of a disorder, rational and moderate than before ; but in which the whole body is so exquisitely still he preserves the character of an husensible that the slightest touch gives morist, and finds most pleasure in eccenpain : what some have thus suffered in tric'virtues." their persons, this gentleman felt in his My attention was so much taken up by mind : the slightest distress, whether real Mr. Burchell's account, that I scarce or fictitious, touched him to the quick, and looked forward as he went along, till we his soul laboured under a sickly sensibility were alarmed by the cries of my family; of the miseries of others. Thus disposed when, turning, I perceived my youngest to relieve, it will be easily conjectured he daughter in the midst of a rapid stream, found numbers disposed to solicit; his pro- thrown from her horse, and struggling with fusions began to impair his fortune, but not the torrent. She had sunk twice, nor was his good-nature—that, indeed, was seen to it in my power to disengage myself in time increase as the other seemed to decay : he to bring her relief. My sensations were grew improvident as he grew poor; and, even too violent to permit my attempt. though he talked like a man of sense, his ing her rescue : she must have certainly actions were those of a fool. Still, how- perished had not my companion, perceivever, being surrounded with importunity, ing her danger, instantly plunged in to her and no longer able to satisfy every request relief, and, with some difficulty, brought that was made him, instead of money he her in safety to the opposite shore. By gave promises. They were all he had to taking the current a little farther up, the bestow, and he had not resolution enough rest of the family got safely over, where to give any man pain by a denial. By this we had an opportunity of joining our ache drew round him crowds of dependants, knowledgments to hers. Her gratitude whom he was sure to disappoint, yet wished may be more readily imagined than deto relieve. These hung upon him for a scribed : she thanked her deliverer more time, and left him with merited reproaches with looks than with words, and continued and contempt. But, in proportion as he to lean upon his arm, as if still willing to became contemptible to others, he became receive assistance. My wife also hoped despicable to himself. His mind had one day to have the pleasure of returning leaned upon their adulation, and, that sup his kindness at her own house. Thus, after port taken away, he could find no pleasure we were refreshed at the next inn, and had in the applause of his heart, which he had dined together, as Mr. Burchell was going never learnt to reverence. The world now to a different part of the country, he took began to wear a different aspect : the flat- leave, and we pursued our journey ; my tery of his friends began to dwindle into wife observing, as he went, that she liked simple approbation ; approbation soon him extremely, and protesting, that if he took the more friendly form of advice ; had birth and fortune to entitle him to and advice, when rejected, produced their match into such a family as ours, she knew reproaches. He now therefore found that no man she would sooner fix upon. 1 such friends as benefits had gathered round could not but smile to hear her talk in this him, were little estimable : he now found lofty strain ; but I was never much disthat a man's own heart must be ever given pleased with those harmless delusions that to gain that of another. I now found that tend to make us more happy.



There were three other apartments; one A Proof that even the humblest Fortune may for my wife and me, another for our two grant Happiness, which depends, not on Ciro daughters within our own, and the third, cumstances, but Constitution,

with two beds, for the rest of the children. THE place of our retreat was in a little The little republic to which I gave laws, neighbourhood, consisting of farmers, who was regulated in the following manner : tilled their own grounds, and were equal By sunrise we all assembled in our comstrangers to opulence and poverty. As mon apartment, the fire being previously they had almost all the conveniences of kindled by the servant. After we had kife within themselves, they seldom visited saluted each other with proper ceremony towns or cities in search of superfluity. --for I always thought fit to keep up some Remote from the polite, they still retained mechanical forms of good breeding, withthe prineval simplicity of manners; and, out which freedom ever destroys friend. frugal by habit, they scarce knew that ship—we all bent in gratitude to that Being temperance was a virtue. They wrought who gave us another day. This duty being with cheerfulness on days of labour ; but performed, my son and I went to pursue observed festivals as intervals of idleness our usual industry abroad, while my wife and pleasure. They kept up the Christ- and daughters employed themselves in mas carol, sent true love knots on Valen- providing breakfast, which was always tine morning, ate pancakes on Shrovetide, ready at a certain time. I allowed half an showed their wit on the first of April, and hour for this meal, and an hour for dinner; religiously cracked nuts on Michaelmas which time was taken up in innocent mirth

Being apprised of our approach, the between my wife and daughters, and in whole neighbourhood came out to meet philosophical arguments between my son their minister, dressed in their finest and me. clothes, and preceded by a pipe and As we rose with the sun, so we never tabor. A feast also was provided for our pursued our labours after it was gone reception, at which we sat cheerfully down, but returned home to the expecting down; and what the conversation wanted family, where smiling looks, a neat hearth, in wit was made up in laughter.

and pleasant fire, were prepared for our Our little habitation was situated at the reception. Nor were we without guests : foot of a sloping hill, sheltered with a sometimes farmer Flamborough, our talkbeautiful underwood behind, and a ative neighbour, and often the blind piper, tling river before ; on one side a meadow, would pay us a visit, and taste our gooseon the other a green. My farm consisted berry wine, for the making of which we of about twenty acres of excellent land, had lost neither the receipt nor the reputahaving given an hundred pounds for my tion. These harmless people had several predecessor's good-will. Nothing could ways of being good company; while one exceed the neatness of my little enclosures, played, the other would sing some soothing the elms and heđge-rows appearing with ballad, -Johnny Armstrong's Last Good. inexpressible beauty. My house consisted Night, or the Cruelty of Barbara Allen. of but one story, and was covered with The night was concluded in the manner thatch, which gave it an air of great snug- we began the morning, my youngest boys ness; the walls, on the inside, were nicely being appointed to read the lessons of the whitewashed, and my daughters under day, and he that read loudest, distinctest, took to adorn them with pictures of their and best, was to have a halfpenny on own designing. Though the same room Sunday to put into the poor's box. served us for parlour and kitchen, that When Sunday came, it was indeed a only made it the warmer. Besides, as it day of finery, which all my sumptuary was kept with the utmost neatness, the edicts could not restrain. How well sodishes, plates, and coppers being well ever I fancied my lectures against pride scoured, and all disposed in bright rows had conquered the vanity of my daughters, on the shelves, the eye was agreeably re- yet I still found them secretly' attached to lieved, and did not want richer surniture. all their former finery: they still loved



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laces, ribands, bugles, and catgut; my next day I had the satisfaction of finding wife herself retained a passion for her crim- my daughters, at their own request, emson paduasoy, because I formerly hap- ployed in cutting up their trains into Sunpened to say it became her.

day waistcoats for Dick and Bill, the two The first Sunday, in particular, their little ones; and, what was still more satis. behaviour served to mortify me. I had factory, the gowns seemed improved by desired my girls the preceding night to be this curtailing. dressed early the next day ; for I always loved to be at church a good while before

CHAPTER V. the rest of the congregation. They punc- A new and great Acquaintance introduced. ually obeyed my directions; but when we What we place most Hopes up generally were to assemble in the morning at break

proves most fatal. fast, down came my wife and daughters, At a small distance from the house, my dressed out in all their former splendour; predecessor had made a seat, their hair plastered up with pomatum, shadowed by a hedge of hawthorn and their faces patched to taste, their trains honeysuckle. Here, when the weather bundled up in a heap behind, and rustling was fine and our labour soon finished, at every motion. I could not help smiling we usually sat together, to enjoy an exat their vanity, particularly that of my wife, tensive landscape in the calm of the evenfrom whom I expected more discretion. ing. Here, too, we drank tea, which now In this exigence, therefore, my only re- was become an occasional banquet; and, source was to order my son, with an im- as we had it but seldom, it diffused a new portant air, to call our coach. The girls joy, the preparations for it being made were amazed at the command ; but I re- with no small share of bustle and cerepeated it with more solemnity than before. mony. On these occasions, our two little Surely, my dear, you jest,” cried my ones always read for us, and they were re

we can walk it perfectly well : gularly served after we had done. Some. we want no coach to carry us now."- times, to give a variety to our amusements, “You mistake, child,” returned I, the girls sang to the guitar; and while do want a coach ; for if we walk to church they thus formed a little concert, my wife in this trim, the very children in the parish and I would stroll down the sloping

field, will hoot after us.”—“Indeed,” replied that was embellished with blue-bells and my wife, “I always imagined that my centaury, talk of our children with rapture, Charles was fond of seeing his children and enjoy the breeze that wafted both neat and handsome about him.”_“You health and harmony. may be as neat as you please,” interrupted In this manner we began to find that I, “and I shall love you the better for it; every situation in life may bring its own but all this is not neatness, but frippery. peculiar pleasures : every morning waked These rufflings, and pinkings, and patch us to a repetition of toil; but the evening ings will only make us hated by all the wives repaid it with vacant hilarity. Weerulis of our neighbours. No, my children, It was about the beginning of autumn, continued †, more gravely, “those gowns on a holiday-for I kept such as intervals may be altered into something of a plainer of relaxation from labour—that I had cut; for finery is very unbecoming in us, drawn out my family to our usual place who want the means of decency. I do of amusement, and our young musicians not know whether such flouncing and began their usual concert. As we were shredding is becoming even in the rich, if thus engaged, we saw a stag bound nimbly we consider, upon a moderate calculation, by, within about twenty paces of where that the nakedness of the indigent world we were sitting, and by its panting it might be clothed from the trimmings of seemed pressed by the hunters. We had the vain.”

not much time to reflect upon the poor This remonstrance had the proper effect: animal's distress, when we perceived the they went with great composure, that very dogs and horsemen come sweeping along instant, to change their dress; and the at some distance behind, and making the



very path it had taken. I was instantly trary, gave him a question or two from the for returning in with my family' ; but ancients, for which he had the satisfaction either curiosity, or surprise, or some more of being laughed at. My little ones were hidden motive, held my wife and daugh- no less busy, and fondly stuck close to ters to their seats. The huntsman who the stranger.

All my endeavours could rode foremost passed us with great swift- scarce keep their dirty fingers from handness, followed by four or five persons ling and tarnishing the lace on his clothes, more, who seemed in equal haste. At and lifting up the flaps of his pocket-holes, last, a young gentleman of more genteel to see what was there. At the approach appearance than the rest came forward, of evening he took leave; but not till he and for a while regarding us, instead of had requested permission to renew his pursuing the chase, stopped short, and visit, which, as he was our landlord, we giving his horse to a servant who attended, most readily agreed to. approached us with a careless superior air. As soon as he was gone, my wife called He seemed to want no introduction, but a council on the conduct of the day. She was going to salute my daughters as one was of opinion, that it was a most fortucertain of a kind reception; but they had nate hit; for she had known even stranger early learnt the lesson of looking presump- things than that brought to bear. She tion out of countenance. Upon which he hoped again to see the day in which we let us know that his name was Thornhill, might hold up our heads with the best of and that he was owner of the estate that them; and concluded, she protested she lay for some extent round us. He again could see no reason why the two Miss therefore offered to salute the female part

. Wrinklers should marry great fortunes, of the family, and such was the power of and her children get none. As this last fortune and fine clothes, that he found no argument was directed to me, I protested second repulse. As his address, though I could see no reason for it neither, nor confident, was easy, we soon became more why Mr. Simpkins got the ten thousand familiar; and, perceiving musical instru- pound prize in the lottery, and we sat ments lying near, he begged to be favoured down with a blank. “I protest, Charles,'

As I did not approve of such cried my wife, “this is the way you always disproportioned acquaintances, I winked damp my girls and me when we are in upon my daughters in order to prevent spirits. Tell me, Sophy, my dear, what their compliance; but my hint was coun. do you think of our new visitor? Don't teracted by one from their mother; so you think he seemed to be good-natured?" that, with a cheerful air, they gave us a Immensely so, indeed, mamma,” re, favourite song of Dryden's. Mr. Thorn- plied she: “I think he has a great deal hill seemed highly delighted with their per- to say upon everything, and is never at a formance and choice, and then took up the loss; and the more trifling the subject, guitar himself. He played but very indif- the more he has to say.

Yes,” cried ferently; however, my eldest daughter re- Olivia,“ he is well enough for a man; but, paid his former applause with interest, and for my own part, I don't much like him, assured him that his tones were louder he is so extremely impudent and familiar; than even those of her master. At this but on the guitar he is shocking.” These compliment he bowed, which she returned two last speeches I interpreted by conwith a curtsey. He praised her taste, and traries. I found by this, that Sophia inshe commended his understanding; an ternally despised, as much as Olivia scage could not have made them better ac- cretly admired him. " Whatever may be quainted : while the fond mother too, your opinions of him, my children,” cried equally happy, insisted upon her landlord's 1, “ to confess the truth, he has not prestepping in, and tasting a glass of her possessed me in his favour. Disprogooseberry. The whole family seemed portioned friendships ever terminate in earnest to please him: my girls attempted disgust; and I thought, notwithstanding to entertain him witn topics they thought all his ease, that he seemed perfectly senmost modern; while Moses, on the con- ) sible of the distance between us. Let us

with a song:

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