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4. Comparative View of the Condition of the Banks in the United States near the commencement of each year, from 1841 to 1847 inclusive, according to returns nearest to January 1 of the years stated.
172,180,315 146,142,881 114,732,231 159,718,431 177,629,357 202,465,497 197,312,299
XIII. TEA AND COFFEE.
Statement showing the quantity and value of Teas and Coffee consumed annually, from 1821 to 1846, the amount of duty on the same from 1821 to 1832, the average rate of duty per pound, and the equivalent ad valorem, while the articles were subject to duty.
[From the Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, Dec. 9, 1846.]
XIV. Statement of the number and designation of Passengers arriving in the United States, during the year ending September 30th, 1846.
[From a letter of the Secretary of State to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, February 22, 1847.]
1. STATES IN WHICH THE PASSENGERS ARRIVED.
4th quar- 1st quar- 2d quarter 3d quarter]
2. THE COUNTRIES REGISTERED AS THE BIRTHPLACES OF THE PAS
* These tables include only those who were entered at the custom-house. If those who came to the United States by way of the British provinces and the Canadas, and those not regularly entered at any custom-house, were reckoned, the number would be greatly increased.
THE Congress of the United States consists of a Senate and House of Representatives, and must assemble at least once every year, on the first Monday of December, unless it is otherwise provided by law.
The Senate is composed of two members from each State; and, of course, the regular number is now 58. They are chosen by the Legislatures of the several States, for the term of six years, one-third of them being elected biennially.
The Vice-President of the United States is the President of the Senate, in which body he has only a casting vote, which is given in case of an equal division of the votes of the Senators. In his absence, a President pro tempore is chosen by the senate.
The House of Representatives is composed of members from the several States, elected by the people, for the term of two years. The Representatives are apportioned among the different States according to population. The 30th Congress is chosen according to the act of Congress of 1842, the ratio being "one Representative for every 70,680 persons in each State, and one additional Representative for each State having a fraction greater than one moiety of the said ratio, computed according to the rule prescribed by the Constitution of the United States." The law of 1842 also requires, that the Representatives of each State "shall be elected by districts composed of a contiguous territory equal in number to the number of Representatives to which said State may be entitled, no one district electing more than one Representative." The present number is 228 Representatives, and 1 Delegate.
Since the 4th of March, 1817, the compensation of each member of the Senate and House of Representatives has been $8 a day, during the period of his attendance in Congress, without deduction in case of sickness; and $8 for every twenty miles' travel, in the usual road, in going to and returning from the seat of government. The compensation of the President of the Senate pro tempore, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, is $16 a day.
THIRTIETH CONGRESS. THE SENATE.
GEORGE M. DALLAS, Pennsylvania, PRESIDENT.
[The figures denote the expiration of the terms of the Senators.]
Dan. S. Dickinson, Binghampton, 1851 Chester Ashley, Little Rock, 1853
Sidney Breese, Carlyle,
R. M. T. Hunter, Lloyds, Essex, 1853 Jesse D. Bright,
James M. Mason, Winchester, 1851
Geo. E. Badger, Raleigh,
1853 Two Vacancies.
Officers of the Senate.
Asbury Dickens, Secretary.