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XXV. MEXICAN TARIFF.
Tariff of Duties on Imports and Tonnage, and Regulations for collecting the same in such of the Ports of Mexico as may be now or hereafter in our Military possession by conquest, prepared by the Secretary of the Treasury, and accompanying his Report to the President of the United States, dated 30th March, 1847.
On all articles not here enumerated, a duty of 30 per cent. ad valorem is imposed; when the duty is stated as so much per cent. it is reckoned as so much per cent. ad valorem.
Alabaster and spar ornaments, forty per ct.
Anchors, four cents per lb.
Anchovies, twenty-five cents per lb.
Arms, and warlike instruments, contraband.
Bacon and smoked hams, six and one-quar-
Bags of flax, hemp, or grass, not exceeding one yard square in size, twelve and onequarter cents each; if exceeding that size, twelve and one-half cents per square yard of material. See Cotton.
Baizes, see Wool.
Bead bags, forty per cent.
Beef, smoked and jerked, one cent per Ib.
Beer, ale, porter, and cider, in quart bottles,
Boards, ten dollars per thousand feet.
Bonnets, see Wearing apparel.
Books, printed, bound, half bound, or in
Bottles, of black or green glass, not exceed-
Brandy, and other spirits, in demijohns, one
wines. Brandy in pipes, not exceeding
Brass, manufactures of, see Manufactures.
Bread, ship, and biscuit, three cents per lb.
Cables and cordage, five cents per lb.
Candles, wax and sperm, twelve and one-
Cards, playing, twenty-five cents per pack.
Cigaritos, or paper cigars, three dollars per
Cinnamon, cassia, and cloves, fifty cents per lb.
Cider, see Beer.
Coaches, forty per cent.
Coal, anthracite, bituminous, and charcoal,
Cordials, in bottles not exceeding two and
Cords, see Cotton.
Cosmetics, all kinds, forty per cent.
Cotton trimming laces, cotton insertings and
Cotton shawls or rebosas, thirty per cent.
Cotton thread on spools, six cents per dozen
piece, not exceeding thirty-six inches in
Grain of all kinds, except rice and Indian
Hats of straw, fur, or silk, one dollar each.
Cotton, or of cotton, manufactures of, mixed
in width, one-fourth of one cent per run- Iron, bar, rolled or hammered, old or scrap ning yard additional duty.
Cotton bagging, gunny bagging, and all
iron, one and one-half cents per lb.
Iron, sheet, rod, hoop, and all other descrip-
Iron castings of all descriptions, not other-
Cutlery, say pocket knives, scissors, razors, Knives, forty per cent.
Demijohns, three dollars per dozen.
Epaulets and wings, one dollar per pair.
Fire-arms, contraband of war.
Fish, smoked or salted, dried codfish, and on
Flax, see Hemp.
Flour, see Wheat.
Furniture (household), forty per cent.
German silver, manufactures of, see Manu-
Gin, in square bottles (in cases), of not ex-
Ginger, fifty cents per lb.
Linen thread, twenty-five cents per lb.
Lumber, hewn timber, or scantling, ten dol-
Manufactures of hemp, grass, and flax, in
spelter, pewter, and German silver, ex-
Glasses (looking), looking glass plates, Nuts and almonds, four cents per lb.
on glass ware of all kinds, except those Oats, see Grain.
specially mentioned otherwise, and on Oatmeal, one cent per lb.
China ware, stone ware, and earthen ware, Oil cloth and oil floor cloth, not exceeding forty per cent. seventy-two inches in width, fifty cents per running yard.
Gloves, thirty per cent.
Goats' hair or mohair, manufactures of, the Oils, whale, sperm, linseed, and olive, and
all other oils, except perfumery, five cents
Opium, forty per cent.
Paints of all descriptions and painters' col-
Paper, writing, of all kinds, twelve and onehalf cents per lb.
Paper, sand, seven cents per lb.
Paper hangings, forty per cent.
Pepper and pimento, eight cents per lb.
per lb. All other descriptions contraband
Sugar, brown, three cents per lb.
Sulphur, contraband of war.
Pewter, manufactures of, see Manufactures.
Tar, one dollar and fifty cents per barrel.
Thread, see Cotton and Linen.
Tin, in sheets, pigs or bars, four cts. per lb.
Pork, salted or pickled, in barrels or half Tongues, ten cents per lb.
barrels, two cents per lb.
Porter, see Beer.
Potatoes, twenty cents per bushel.
Preserved meats or fish, in cans or firkins,
Prunes, three cents per lb.
Raisins, three cents per lb.
Razors, forty per cent.
Rice, two cents per lb.
Rifles, contraband of war.
Ringlets, forty per cent.
Rosaries, forty per cent.
Tortoise shell, one dollar per lb.
Turpentine, one dollar and fifty cents per
Turpentine, spirits of, twenty-five cents per
Twine and pack thread, four cents per lb.
Vermicelli, four cents per lb.
Rosin, one dollar and fifty cents per barrel. Watches, gold, ten dollars each.
Rye, see Grain.
Rye meal, one cent per lb.
Saddlery, forty per cent.
Saltpetre, contraband of war.
Salt, fifteen cents per bushel.
Sardines and anchovies, twenty-five cents per lb.
Sausages, ten cents per lb.
Scissors, forty per cent.
Segars, five dollars per thousand.
Shawls of wool or worsted, thirty per cent.
Shirts, leathern, fifty cents each.
Watches, silver, three dollars each.
Wearing apparel, comprising all articles of clothing worn on the person, except those specially enumerated and provided for, on millinery articles, say caps, collars, cuffs, braids, and other ornaments for the hair, curls, ringlets, and all similar articles (except of silk), forty per cent. Bonnets for women and children, of all descriptions, except silk, and on silk caps for women and children, one dollar each. Silk bonnets for women and children, two dollars each. Silk hosiery, three dollars per lb.
Shoes, of whatever material or size, thirty Wheat, see Grain. cents per pair.
Silk, manufactures of, mixed with any other
Soap, except perfumed, five cents per lb.
Spikes, four cents per lb.
Spirits, not otherwise mentioned, six and
Steel, in bars of less than one inch square,
Wheat flour, in barrels or half barrels, two dollars per barrel of one hundred and ninety-six pounds. If flour be imported in other description of package than in barrels and half barrels, or if imported in bags or sacks, the duty shall be one cent per lb.
Whisky, three cents per lb.
Wines of every description, in casks or bottles, twenty-five cents per gallon and twenty-five per cent ad valorem: Provided always, That wine in quart bottles, or those of smaller capacity, shall always be considered as containing two and onehalf gallons to the dozen bottles, and shall pay duty accordingly; if in bottles of larger capacity, or in demijohns, the duty shall be estimated on the quantity con
tained therein, at the rates above named ;| the bottles containing the wine, in all cases, paying an additional duty; if quarts, or smaller, of three dollars per gross; if of larger size, five dollars per gross; and demijohns, three dollars per dozen. Wings, see Epaulets. Wire, see Cutlery.
ning yard; and for every additional inch in width, one and one-half cents per running yard additional duty. Blankets and counterpanes of wool or of wool and cotton mixed, not exceeding six feet square, one dollar each. If over six feet square, and not exceeding ten feet square, two dollars each. If exceeding ten feet, prohibited, to prevent frauds. Flannels, baizes, and bockings, not exceeding sixty inches in width, twenty cents per running yard. Zinc, see Copper.
Wool or worsted, manufactures of, or of wool and worsted combined in the piece, not otherwise specially enumerated and provided for, and not exceeding thirtysix inches in width, fifty cents per run- Zinc, manufactures of, see Manufactures. All articles the sole property of the United States army or navy, in American vessels, owned, chartered, or freighted by the Government of the United States; and all officers' individual stores, introduced for their own actual use, and equipments required by law, are free from duties; and all goods imported by sutlers may have the duties refunded, on proof that the same have been sold to be used by any officer or soldier. The tonnage duty is one dollar per ton (in lieu of all other port charges), registry measurement. Vessels registered and owned in the United States will alone be permitted to trade coastwise. Goods not landed within ten days shall be landed and warehoused. If the duties are not paid within thirty days from arrival, the goods shall be sold for payment thereof. Confiscated goods will be sold within ten days from the seizure. The Commandant of the port, or his substitute, will receive the duties, and report monthly to the Secretary of War or of the Navy. He shall occupy public buildings, when necessary for revenue purposes, without charge to the United States. Clearances, and manifests of cargo, are to be obtained for outward-bound vessels. All moneys collected under these instructions are to be paid as a military contribution, subject to the orders of the War or Navy Department.
XXVI. LAWS OF THE SEVERAL STATES *
Alabama.- Arrest for debt exists; but every person confined on mesne or final process, for debt, may go before the court issuing the execution or process, or any one judge thereof, after ten days' notice to creditors; or, if neither they nor their agents live in the county, without notice; and, after giving a list of his creditors and surrendering his property as an insolvent, shall be liberated. Debtors may also be liberated on giving bonds to file a list, &c., as above. No person neglecting this provision for sixty days shall have the benefit of prison limits, which are the limits of the county. No female is imprisonable for debt.
Arkansas. - The debtor may be arrested on the creditor's affidavit, “that he has reason to believe that the defendant is secreting, or putting his property out of his hands, in order to cheat and defraud his just creditors; or that he is about to leave the country; or that the plaintiff will be in danger of losing his just debt, unless the body of the defendant is taken." The debtor may present a petition, &c., in insolvency, and be liberated, on his discharge thereon; or, on giving bond to surrender himself, if he be not discharged. Twenty days' notice shall be given to the creditors of the hearing on the petition.
Connecticut.- Arrest of the defendant is allowed in actions alleging fraud, fraudulent obtaining of credit, fraudulent removing, concealing, conveying,
*The following abstract is not supposed to be perfect, the latest statutes of some states not being at hand; but it is more complete than any with which the compiler is acquainted.
or withholding of property, &c.; but not ". upon process mesne or final, founded upon contract merely." No female is imprisonable for debt incurred since A.D. 1826. Liberties of the jail (which are assigned by the county courts) are allowed to all prisoners in civil action, on their giving bond. By act June 24, 1847, homesteads not exceeding in value $300, with the necessary repairs and additions, though above that sum, are a part of the property exempted from execution.
Delaware. The debtor, if a free white citizen, can be arrested only on the creditor's affidavit, that the debt amounts to $50 (or, if before a justice of the peace, $5); that he has secreted, conveyed away, disposed of, assigned, &c., property above $50 in value, or, if before a justice, $25, with intent to defraud, and specifying the fraud. Persons imprisoned on mesne or final process, if resident for the last year in the state, may petition in insolvency, presenting a schedule and inventory, and offering to assign for the benefit of their creditors. Summons to show cause, issue thereupon to the creditors; and any or all of them claiming $50 may allege fraud, specifying the particulars, and demand a trial by jury. If this be not done, and the examining court or magistrate be satisfied, the debtor shall be discharged, unless he be a colored man; in which case he may, if the creditor insist, and the court deem it equitable, be remanded, unless he consent to serve the creditor for wages to be fixed by the court.
Florida. - Imprisonment for debt does not exist
Georgia.- Execution may issue against the body or the estate of the debtor, as the plaintiff elects. Prisoners on execution, or mesne process, may petition the court in insolvency. Thirty days' notice of the hearing thereon shall be given to creditors, or two months' notice, by public advertisement, if they be out of the state. Fraud may be suggested, and a jury shall try the issue. If not guilty, the debtor shall deliver his schedule, &c., and be discharged. Prison bounds (ten acres) may be refused to prisoners on civil process, after six months, at the instance of the creditor. Debtors taken on execution may tender a bond conditioned to apply to the court for a discharge in insolvency. Ten days' notice of intention to take the oath must be given to creditors; and an issue of fraud may be made up at their request, and tried by a jury.
Illinois. Any debtor arrested on mesne or final process may be taken forthwith before the judge of probate, and render a sworn inventory and schedule; and, if they be not disproved, and if the debtor assign his property, he shall be discharged. If he be charged with fraud, this issue shall be tried by a jury of seven householders; and, if found guilty, he shall be imprisoned, until he surrender his effects. If charged with a refusal to surrender, this fact shall be tried in the same manner.
- No female, or revolutionary soldier, can be imprisoned for debt. Any debtor may be arrested on execution, if the creditor file an affidavit charging him with fraudulently concealing, conveying, transferring, or removing his property. A scire facias then issues why the body should not