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No. 1. An Act for the admission of the State of Iowa into the Union. The Territory of Iowa having complied with the requisitions of the Act entitled "An Act for the admission of the States of Iowa and Florida, &c.” approved March 3, A.D. 1845, and with an Act entitled "an Act to define the boundaries of the State of Iowa, &c.," approved Aug, 4, 1846, - is admitted, as a State, into the Union. The provisions of "An Act supplemental' to an act for the admission of the States of Iowa and Florida, &c.' approved March 3, 1845, are still applicable to the State of Iowa. Dec. 28, 1846.
No. 2. An Act to encourage enlistments in the regular army. During the continuance of the Mexican war, the term of service of the recruits shall be "during the war," or for five years, unless sooner discharged, at the option of the recruit. Every able-bodied man so enlisted, for the artillery or infantry, shall be paid twelve dollars bounty, — six on enlisting, and six on joining his regiment for duty. Jan. 12, 1846.
No. 3. An Act declaring the assent of Congress to certain States to impose a tax upon all lands hereafter sold by the United States therein, from and after the day of such sale. The above power is given to all States admitted into the Union prior to April 24, A.D. 1820, provided lands belonging to nonresident proprietors be not taxed higher than lands of residents. Jan. 26, 1847.
No. 4. An Act authorizing the issue of Treasury notes, a loan, and for other purposes. The President is authorized to cause an issue of Treasury notes, not exceeding twenty-three millions of dollars, of denominations not less than $50, payable at periods of one and two years; after which time they shall bear such interest, not exceeding six per cent., as the Secretary of the Treasury, with the advice of the President, shall determine; such interest to cease after sixty days' notice given by the Secretary of the Treasury, in one of the principal papers published at Washington, of a readiness to redeem them. The reimbursement shall be made at the Treasury, of principal and interest, for which the faith of the United States is pledged. These notes shall be signed by the Treasurer and countersigned by the Register, who shall keep accounts of the same, to be preserved in the Treasury, and similar accounts of all notes redeemed; and the Treasurer shall also account quarterly for all notes delivered to him for signature or issue by the Register. The employment of not more than five additional clerks, at a salary not exceeding $1200 per annum, is authorized. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized, with the President's consent, to pay such public creditors with Treasury notes as may be willing to receive them at par, and to borrow, on the credit of these notes, such sums as the President may think expedient, provided they be not exchanged for less than the par value. The notes shall be assignable by endorsement and delivery. They shall be receivable at par in discharge of all debts, taxes, and duties due the United States. And every public officer receiving such
notes in payment of such debts, shall require the holder to endorse thereon a receipt, stating his name and the amount received by him, and shall enter all the items on a book to be produced at the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to redeem the notes at the times specified, and to apply any unappropriated money in the treasury thereto. Counterfeiting treasury notes or uttering, &c., counterfeited notes, having in possession plates and materials therefor, is made felony, punishable by imprisonment for not less than three nor more than ten years, and by fine not exceeding $5,000. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to give general instructions to the receivers of public money, as to the custody, return, and cancelling of the notes, and as to their accounts therefor. New notes may be issued, in place of those redeemed, provided the total do not exceed, $23,000,000. Holders of notes may present them at the treasury, or to authorized officers, and receive instead certificates of funded six per cent. stock, transferable on the treasury books, and redeemable after Dec. 31, A.D. 1867; and any notes, issued under previous acts, or hereafter issued under this act, may be converted into funded stock, in like manner. The time for issuing Treasury notes, under the Act of July 22d, A.D. 1846, is extended to the time mentioned in this act, on the same terms and conditions, provided the said issue do not exceed $5,000,000. The President, may, at his discretion, instead of Treasury notes, create funded stock, paying not more than six per cent., and not to be sold under par; redeemable after Dec. 31, 1867; interest payable semi-annually, on Jan. 1st and July 1st. The proceeds of the sales of the public lands are pledged for the redemption of this stock; and all such proceeds, after January 1, 1848, shall be applied first, to pay the interest, and second, to buy up the stock at not more than the par value. $20,000 is appropriated to the expense of issuing the notes; but no salaried officer shall be paid for his services in signing, &c. the notes. The Secretary of the Treasury shall publish a monthly statement of the Treasury notes issued or redeemed by virtue of this act; and the power of the President to issue such notes shall cease on the ratification of a treaty with Mexico. The Secretary of the Treasury shall report to Congress, at the commencement of each session, the amount of notes issued, the amount redeemed, and in what manner; the amount purchased, of whom, and at what time; the amount re-issued, in lieu of what redemption, and the date of such re-issue. Jan. 28, 1847.
No. 5. An Act to provide for the establishment of additional post routes in the State of Texas. Feb. 2, 1847.
No. 6. An Act to raise for a limited time an additional military force, and for other purposes, adds to the present military establishment, during the war with Mexico, one regiment of dragoons and nine of infantry, of the same number of officers and men, and with the same pay and rations, as in the present regiments. The President has the exclusive right to appoint all commissioned officers, below the rank of field officers, not appointed during
the present session; and to organize and equip one or more of the infantry regiments as voltigeurs, or as foot riflemen, and to provide them with a rocket and mountain howitzer battery. 2. The term of enlistment is "during the war," unless sooner discharged. 3. The President, with the consent of the Senate, may appoint an additional major to each regiment of dragoons, artillery, infantry, and riflemen, in the army; such majors to be taken from the captains in the army. 4. Each regiment of artillery, &c. (as before) shall be allowed a regimental quarter-master, to be taken from the subalterns of the line, with $10 per month additional pay, and forage for two horses. 5. The regiments shall be disbanded at the close of the war. 6. One surgeon and two assistant surgeons may be appointed by the President and Senate, to each regiment. 7. The officers of every brigade, regular or volunteer, composing the council of administration, may employ a chaplain, to receive $750 per annum, one ration, and forage for one horse; provided, that the regular army chaplains may be required to repair to Mexico, whenever a majority of their men have left them for service in the field; and on his declining so to do, he shall be removed. 8. The President and Senate are authorized to appoint two surgeons and twelve assistant surgeons, subject to the provisions of "an act to increase and regulate the pay," &c. approved June 30, 1834. The rank of the medical department shall be arranged on the same basis which determines its pay. 9. Each non-commisioned officer, musician, or private, enlisted in the regular army, or mustered in a volunteer company, for not less than twelve months, who serves in the present war, and receives an honorable discharge, or is killed, or dies of wounds or sickness incurred in service, or is discharged in consequence thereof, before his term expires, shall receive a warrant from the War Department for 160 acres, at any land office, in one body of land, to be chosen by the warrantee; and, upon return of the warrant to the land office, with evidence of the location having been legally made, shall receive a patent therefor; or if he be dead, as aforesaid, then the warrant shall issue to his family;-(1.) to the widow and children; (2.) to the father; (3.) to the mother. And if the children be minors, their guardian, in conjunction with such children as may be of age, may sell the warrant, under proper authority from the probate court, for their use. No sale, mortgage, or other incumbrance of the right, can be made before issuing the warrant, and it shall not be in any way charged with any debt incurred before the same; provided that no warrant shall be laid upon lands cultivated, or subject to preemption; and provided that such private, &c., may be allowed in lieu thereof a treasury scrip for $100, to be issued by the Secretary of the Treasury, redeemable at the pleasure of the government, paying six per cent. interest per annum, in semi-annual payments. And any private, &c. received into service since the commencement of the war, for less than twelve months, who shall have served his term, or until honorably discharged, shall be entitled to a warrant for forty acres of land or twenty-five
dollars in scrip, as he may elect; and in the event of his death while.in service, or after discharge, but before the passage of this act, then the warrant shall issue to his kindred, as in the former case. But this act does not include such volunteers as were accepted into service, but not marched to the seat of war. 10. The President and Senate may appoint from the officers of the army four quarter-masters with the rank of major, and ten assistant quarter-masters with the rank of captain. Feb. 11, 1847.
No. 7. An Act to provide for the payment of any interest falling due on the public debt. Feb. 9, 1847.
No. 8. An Act to change the time of holding one of the terms of the Circuit Court of the United States for the district of North Carolina. Changed from first Monday in December to last Monday in November. Feb. 15, 1847.
No. 9. An Act to extend the time for selling the lands granted to the Kentucky Asylum for teaching the deaf and dumb. Feb. 18, 1847.
No. 10. An Act making appropriations for the payment of Revolutionary and other pensions of the United States for the year ending the thirtieth June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight. See page 197. The Secretary of War is authorized to compensate pension agents out of the fund, for revolutionary pensions, at a rate not exceeding two per cent. on moneys disbursed, nor to exceed $1,000 per annum, and to be in full for all services and contingent expenses, except printing and stationery. The Secretary of War is to prevent an undue accumulation of balances in the hands of the agents. Feb. 20, 1847.
No. 11. An Act to regulate the carriage of passengers in merchant vessels. No shipmaster shall bring into or carry out of the United States a greater number of passengers than in the following proportion to his vessel: viz. on the lower deck, fourteen clear superficial feet of deck to every passenger and his personal baggage; and if the vessel is to pass within the tropics, then twenty such feet; and on the orlop deck, thirty such feet, in all cases; nor more than two passengers to every five tons of the ship. Violation of this act is a misdemeanor punishable, on conviction in any United States court, by imprisonment not exceeding one year, and by a fine of fifty dollars for each passenger. And if the number of passengers exceed the proportion of two to every five tons, to the number of twenty in the whole, then the vessel shall be forfeited, and such proceedings had as in forfeitures under the act to regulate duties. No vessel shall have more than two tiers of berths, and these well constructed, six feet by eighteen inches in size; the space between the floor and the deck or platform beneath, shall be at least six inches; and for breach of this provision there shall be forfeited five dollars for every passenger, recoverable in the circuit or district court of the circuit or district where the vessel arrives or whence she sails. Children under one year, are not counted; under eight years, two count as one. The penalties shall be a lien on the vessel; and it may be libelled and sold therefor, in the district court where such vessel shall arrive. Feb. 22, 1847.
No. 12. An Act to regulate the exercise of the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of the United States, in certain cases, and for other purposes. Records of cases pending in the superior courts of the late territory of Florida, by virtue of the act of 23d May, 1828, and 26th May, 1830 (both concerning land claims), and of cases pending in the Court of Appeals, on March 3d, 1845, and the record of cases in which judgments or decrees had been rendered in said courts on or before that day, and from which writs of error could have been, or had been, sued out, or appeals could have been, or had been taken to the Supreme Court of the United States, by the laws then in force, shall be transferred to the District Court of the United States, for the district of Florida. The district judge shall cause notice of the passage of this act immediately to be given to the persons having custody of the records, and demand the records accordingly; and, on refusal, shall have power to compel the same, by attachment, or otherwise. And the District Court shall hear and determine all such cases. All cases already before the Supreme Court shall be determined by it; but the mandates for execution, &c. shall be directed to and executed by the District Court. From judgments of the District Court, writs of error and appeals will lie to the Supreme Court of the United States, as formerly from the Court of Appeals; and the mandates issued upon judgment thereon, shall be addressed, as before, to the District Court. In all cases not legally transferred to the state courts, and in which judgments have been rendered, from which writs of error, or appeals, would lie to the Court of Appeals, or to the Supreme Court of the United States, by the laws in force on March 3d, 1845, and in which such proceedings have not hitherto been taken, the Supreme Court of the United States shall have power to review the same; and one year from the passage of this act shall be allowed for the parties to claim their right. Any unfinished proceedings before the Judge of the Superior Court at St. Augustine, as a commissioner, by virtue of an act "for the relief of certain inhabitants of East Florida," approved 26th June, 1834, or by virtue of any other act, are transferred to the district judge, together with all the powers of the first-mentioned judge, so far as shall be necessary for determining the same. Similar provisions to those of this act, so far as may be applicable, are extended to the territory of Michigan. In all cases pending in the Superior Courts of Florida, on March 3, 1845, and not removed thence, but determined by them after that day, or which are claimed to have been since pending therein, as Courts of the United States; and in all cases of a Federal character, since commenced, either decided, or still pending, the records and decrees are removed to the District Court; and writs of error, or appeals, will lie to remove any judgments or decrees that have been, or may be, rendered to the Supreme Court of the United States. One year from the passage of this act, or from the rendition of judgment, shall be allowed to claim this right, provided that nothing in this act shall be construed as affirming or dis