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The first permanent settlement in Maine was formed about the year 1630; and for several years the government of the colony was administered in the name of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, as proprietor of the country.
In 1652, the inhabitants of Maine were placed under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts. The country was, however, afterwards claimed by the heirs of Gorges, but was, in 1677, purchased by the colony of Massachusetts. From that time the territory formed a part of the colony, and afterwards of the State of Massachusetts, and was styled the District of Maine, till the year 1820, when it was erected into an independent state.
Wm. King, entered upon office,
1820 | John Fairfield, entered upon office, 1839
1826 John Fairfield,
1830 *Edw. Kavanagh, Acting Gov. 1843
ABSTRACT OF THE CONSTITUTION.
The Constitution of this state was formed in 1819, and went into operation in 1820.
Every male citizen, except paupers, persons under guardianship, and Indians not taxed, 21 years old, and for three months next preceding any election a resident of the state, may vote in the town where his residence is so established. Persons in the army or navy of the United States stationed in garrison, and students in seminaries, shall not thereby gain such a residence as will entitle them to vote. The election of state officers shall be annually, on the second Monday in September.
Representatives, not less than 100 nor more than 200 in number, and elected annually, must be 21 years old; five years citizens of the United
* Gov. Fairfield was elected United States Senator, March 3d, 1843.
States, one year residents in the state, and, for three months next preceding the election, inhabitants of the towns which they represent. A town having 1,500 inhabitants is entitled to send 1 representative; having 3,750, 2; 6,775, 3; 10,500, 4; 15,000, 5; 20,250, 6; 26,250, 7: but no town can ever be entitled to more than 7 representatives. Senators, not less than 20 nor more than 31 in number, must be 25 years old; their term of office and their qualifications in other respects shall be the same as those of the presentatives. Vacancies in the Senate shall be filled by joint vote of the senators elected and the representatives, from those who had the highest number of votes in each district at the popular elections. The Senate shall try all impeachments, and a vote of two-thirds of the members present shall be necessary for conviction. Judgment in such cases shall extend only to removal from, or disqualification for, office; the party being still liable to indictment. No senator or representative shall, during his term, be appointed to any civil office of profit that shall have been created, or its emoluments increased, during such term; and no member of Congress, or person holding office under the United States, post-officers excepted, can have a seat in either House.
The governor, chosen by a majority of votes, shall hold office for one year. He must be 30 years old, a natural born citizen of the United States; for five years, and at the time of his election and during his term, a resident of the state. If no person has a majority of votes, the House of Representatives, from those having the four highest numbers, if there be so many, shall elect two persons, and return their names to the Senate, one of whom the Senate shall elect and declare governor. No person holding office under the United States, this state, or any other power, shall be governor. If the office of governor be vacant, the President of the Senate, and after him the Speaker of the House, shall act as governor. He may veto a bill; but two-thirds of both Houses may pass it in spite of his veto.
Seven councillors, not more than one in any senatorial district, citizens of the United States and residents of the state, shall be chosen annually, by joint-ballot of the senators and representatives, to advise the governor in the executive part of the government.
The secretary of state and treasurer shall be chosen annually, by jointballot of the senators and representatives. The treasurer shall not be eligible more than five years successively.
The justices of the supreme court shall receive a stated compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. All judicial officers are appointed by the governor, with the advice and consent of the council, and shall hold office for seven years from the date of their appointment, unless sooner removed by impeachment or address.
Quakers, Shakers, justices of the supreme court, and ministers of the gospel, shall be exempted from military duty. Suitable provision shall be made by towns to support and maintain public schools. No grant shall be made
by the legislature to any literary institution, unless it has control over its charter. No religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office or trust. In all libel cases the truth may be given in evidence, and the jury shall determine both the law and the fact.
Amendments to the constitution must receive a two-thirds vote of both Houses, and be submitted to the people at the next general election; and if a majority are in favor of the amendment, it shall become a part of the constitution.
For the year ending on the second Wednesday in June, 1848.
Governor (term expires on
JOHN W. DANA,
of Fryeburg, the second Wednesday in May, 1848),
Ezra B. French,
Secretary of State,
Gustavus G. Cushman, of Bangor,
Warden of State Prison,
Supreme Judicial Court.
of Norridgewock, do.
of Waterville, Attorney-General,
Speaker of the House.
Alfred, West. Dist. of Augusta, Mid. do. of Bangor, East. do.
Municipal and Police Courts.
$300 Wm. Hammond, Eliot,
[Extracted from the Report of the State Treasurer, April 30, 1847.] Amount of receipts from May 1, 1846, to April 30, 1847, Balance in the Treasury of cash, April 30, 1847,
Balance in the Treasury, April 30, 1847,
Principal items of Expenditure. Salaries,
Pay of legislature,
Expenses of executive,
Costs in criminal pros'tions, 18,691.71
Board of education,
Roll of accounts,
The resources of the State are set down at
Also, balance of claims against the United States.
Whole amount of public debt,
Amount of expenditures from May 1, 1846, to April 30, 1847, 560,209.74
Chief sources of Income.
6,791.05 Permanent school fund,
313.00 Bank dividends,
Among which are enumerated, besides cash on hand and proceeds of annual taxes, U. States 6 per cent. stock, dne 1856,
100 shares in Augusta Bank,
Securities in the land office, and notes receivable,
131,585.00 78,767.69 683.14
II. NEW HAMPSHIRE.
The earliest grant of the territory of New Hampshire was made, in 1622, to John Mason and Ferdinando Gorges; and the first settlements were begun, in 1623, at Dover and Portsmouth.
In 1641, the settlements in New Hampshire voluntarily put themselves under the government of the colony of Massachusetts, and were allowed to send representatives to the General Court at Boston, till 1679, when a new government was formed, and New Hampshire was made a separate province.
In 1686, New Hampshire was placed, together with the rest of New England, under the government of Sir Edmund Andros; in 1689, the union with Massachusetts was revived, and continued till 1692. From 1699 to 1702, it was united with Massachusetts and New York; in 1702, it was again united with Massachusetts, and so continued till 1741, when a final separation took place.
John Cutt, • President, 1680
Under the Royal Government.
In 1686 under the government of Sir Edmund Andros.
Samuel Allen, Governor,
John Usher, Lieut.-Gov.
In 1699 united with Massachusetts and New York.
Walter Barefoot, Dep.-Gov. 1685
Benning Wentworth, Gov.
1741 | John Wentworth,
The English government terminated in 1775, and in 1776 a temporary government was formed, which continued during the war; Meshech Weare being annually elected President.
Presidents under the Constitution of 1784.
Governors under the Constitution of 1792.