« ПретходнаНастави »
giance thereto, shall have a right to hold land. Once in seven years, 13 censors shall be chosen, on one ticket, by the people, whose duty it shall be to inquire whether the constitution has been observed in every particular, and whether all public servants have acted faithfully, with power to pass public censures, to order impeachments, to send for persons and papers, and to recommend to the assembly the repeal of unconstitutional laws; and also to call a convention for amending the constitution within two years, six months' public notice being given of the amendments proposed.
Milo L. Bennett,
For the year ending October, 1847.
Superintendent of State Prison, 500
C. B. Adams,
Salary. Governor (t'mends Oct.'47,) $750* Lieut.-Gov. & Pres. Sen., $4 a day. Treasurer,
Secretary of State,
Sec. Civil and Military Affairs, 200
Peter T. Washburn,
* And $250 as Superintendent of Common Schools, Commissioner for the Deaf, Blind, Insane, &c.
two assistant judges for each county; and in Justices of the Peace; all the judges and justices being chosen annually by the legislature.
The Supreme Court sits once, and the County Courts twice a year, in each county. Each judge of the Supreme Court is Chancellor of a Circuit. The Court of Chancery has two stated sessions annually in each county, and is always in session for all purposes except the final hearing of a cause. An appeal from the decree of the Chancellor lies to the Supreme Court.
Common Schools.- Number of school districts in the state, 2,276; number of children between 4 and 18 years, 79,757; amount of wages paid male teachers, $52,236.07; amount of wages paid female teachers, $38,233.63; public moneys received, $71,177.27; average amount paid for each scholar, $1.18.
Vermont Asylum for the Insane, Brattleboro'. — William H. Rockwell, M.D., Superintendent. Within the year, new buildings have been completed sufficient to accommodate 300 patients. Since the opening of the Asylum, there have been admitted, to September, 1846, 1,032 patients; 741 have been discharged, and 291 remain in the institution. Of the 1,032 patients thus admitted, 432 recovered, equal to 42.05 per cent.; 84 have died, equal to 8.12 per cent. During the past year, the whole number of patients was 460. Admitted, 197; discharged, 169; remaining in the institution, 291. Of those discharged, 95 were cured.
Terms of Admission. — For first six months, $2 per week, and $1.50 afterwards. When the insanity is connected with epilepsy or paralysis, $2.50 per week. No patient received for a less term than three months, unless he recover before that time. Patients are received from other states on the same terms.
State Prison.-Average number of convicts, in 1846, 65; expenditure, $5,469.10; income, $3,943.34.
For fiscal year ending September 1, 1846.
Amount received into the Treasury,
Principal Items of Expenditure.
Salaries of judges,
Other salaries (balances paid),
793.88 Vermont State Bank notes collected, 150.00
14,368.82 Pedlar's licenses,
10,000.00 Bank taxes on dividends,
Clerks of courts,
Drafts of Quartermaster-General,
Principal Sources of Revenue.
Received for taxes,
Interest on arrears of taxes and
The territory of Massachusetts comprised, for many years after its first settlement, two separate colonies, styled the Plymouth Colony and the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay.
The first English settlement that was made in New England was formed by one hundred and one persons who fled from religious persecution in England; landed at Plymouth on the 22d of December, 1620; and laid the foundation of Plymouth Colony.
The settlement of the colony of Massachusetts Bay was commenced at Salem in 1628. Boston was settled in 1630.
The two colonies continued separate and elected their own governors annually till 1685–6, when they were deprived of their charters, and were placed under the government of Joseph Dudley, and afterwards of Sir Edmund Andros. In 1692, they were united into one colony under a new charter, and the governors were afterwards appointed by the king.
Colonial Governors elected annually by the People.
William Bradford, do.
Colony of Massachusetts Bay.
Richard Bellingham, do.
Richard Bellingham, do.
After the Dissolution of the First Charter.
[Joseph Dudley, appointed President of New England, October 8, 1685. Sir Edmund Andros assumes the government of New England, December 20, 1686-is deposed by the people, April 18, 1689.]
Thomas Hinckley, elected
1689 | Simon Bradstreet, elected 1689
Governors of Massachusetts under the Second Charter, appointed by the King.
William Dummer, Lieut.- Gov. 1723
William Burnet, 1728 William Dummer, Lieut.-Gov. 1729
Sir William Phips,
Wm. Stoughton, Lieut.-Gov.
William Taylor, Lieut.-Gov.
Spencer Phips, Lieut.-Gov.
[In October, 1774, a Provincial Congress assumed the government, and in July 1775, elected councillors; in 1780, the Constitution was formed.]
Thomas Hutchinson, Lt.-Gov. 1770
Governors under the Constitution. elected 1780 John Brooks, do. William Eustis, Levi Lincoln,
John Davis, entered upon office, 1834 1797 *S. T. Armstrong, Lt. & Act. G'r. 1835
George N. Briggs,
ABSTRACT OF THE CONSTITUTION.
Partial amendments have been made since the constitution of this state was formed in 1780, and amended in 1821.
Every male citizen, twenty-one years old, excepting paupers and persons under guardianship, resident the last year in the state, and the last six months at the place of voting, and who, unless exempt from taxation, shall have paid any state or county tax within the last two years, may vote. Every town containing 1,200 inhabitants may elect one representative, and an additional representative for every 2,400 inhabitants above 1,200; and every town of less than 1,200 inhabitants may elect a representative as many times within ten years as 160 are contained in 1,200; and two or more towns may unite, in 1840, and every tenth year thereafter, and form a representative district; and all these numbers shall be raised one-tenth when the population of the state shall be 770,000, and at the same rate for every increase of 70,000 thereafter. A census shall be taken every tenth year, for the purpose of settling the ratio of representation and the senatorial districts. The General Court may fine towns that neglect to choose represent
Edward Everett, ent. upon office, 1836
atives. Representatives must be residents, for the last year, of the towns which return them, and be chosen on the second Monday of November in each year. Forty senators, resident in their districts, and for the last five years in the state, shall be annually chosen in districts set off according to the number of inhabitants therein; and, in case of vacancies, the General Court shall elect the required number in each district, from twice their number of candidates having most votes. The two houses, forming the General Court, meet on the first Wednesday of every January. The governor, chosen annually by a majority of votes, must be a resident of the state for the last seven years, and seized of a freehold of £1,000 value. If there be no choice by the people, the House of Representatives chooses two out of the highest four candidates, if there be so many, and of which two the Senate chooses one as governor. The lieutenant-governor, who is a member of the council (unless he be president thereof in the governor's stead), shall be chosen and qualified in the same way as the governor. Nine councillors, not more than one from each senatorial district, shall be chosen by joint ballot of both houses. The councillors shall record their resolutions and advice in a public register, and, if there be neither governor or lieutenant-governor, shall have all executive power. All judicial officers, the attorney and solicitorgeneral, sheriffs, coroners, and registers of probate, shall be appointed by the governor and council. Permanent and honorable salaries shall be established for the governor and the judges of the Supreme Judicial Court; and all judicial officers, unless expressly excepted, shall hold office during good behavior, removable upon address of both houses. Justices of the peace shall be appointed for seven years. The secretary of state and treasurer are annually chosen by joint ballot of both houses; but no treasurer can hold office for more than five successive years. Notaries public are appointed by the governor and council for seven years, removable upon address. The governor may veto a bill; but two-thirds of both houses may pass it again in spite of the veto.
If any amendment to the constitution be proposed in the General Court, and approved by a majority of those voting in the Senate, and by twothirds of those voting in the House, it shall be published and referred to the next General Court; and, if by it approved in like manner, it shall be submitted to the people, and if ratified by a majority of the votes cast, it shall be adopted.
For the year ending on the 1st Wednesday in January, 1848.
GEORGE N. BRIGGS, of Pittsfield,
John G. Palfrey,
$4 a day.