« ПретходнаНастави »
Being the latter part of the 72d, and the beginning of the 73d year of the Independence of the United States of America ; the 6561st year of the Julian Period;
the latter part of the 5608th, and the beginning of the 5609th
year since the creation of the world, according to the Jews; the 2601st year (according to Varro) since the foundation of Rome;
FOR THE BISSEXTILE YEAR
the 2595th year since the era of Nabonassar, which has been assigned to Wednesday, the 26th of February of the 3967th year of the Julian Period, which corresponds, according to the chronologists, to the 747th, and, according to the astronomers, to the 746th year, before the birth of Christ;
the 2624th year of the Olympiads, or the fourth year of the 656th Olympiad, beginning in July, 1848, if we fix the era of the Olympiads at 775 years before Christ, or at or about the beginning of July of the year 3938 of the Julian Period;
the latter part of the 1264th, and the beginning of the 1265th year (of twelve lunations) since the Hegira, or flight of Mahomet, which, as is generally supposed, took place on the 16th of July, in the year 622 of the Christian era.
AND CELESTIAL PHENOMENA FOR THE YEAR.
H Herschel or Uranus.
* A fixed star.
6 Conjunction, or having the same Longitude or Right Ascension.
8 Opposition, or differing 180° in
The ascending, U the descending node.
The sign is prefixed to the latitude, or declination, of the Sun, or other heavenly body, when north, and the sign when south; but the former prefixed to the hourly motion of the Moon in latitude, indicates that she is approaching, and the latter that she is receding from, the north pole of the ecliptic.
The letters M. A., m. a., denote Morning and Afternoon.
Lunar Cycle, or Golden Number, 6
Length of the tropical year, commencing at
the winter solstice, 1847, and terminating at 365 5 46 16 the winter solstice, 1848,
Mean, or average length of the tropical year, 365 5 48 48
MOVABLE FESTIVALS OF THE CHURCH, IN 1848.
Ascen. Day, or Holy Th.
Whitsunday or Pentecost, June 11th
[The anniversaries marked with an asterisk (*) are to be strictly observed.]
66 14th Little Purim,
11th, Fast of Esther,
66 15th, Schuscan Purim,
10th, Fast for the Siege of Jerusalem, ·
15th, *Beginning of the Passover,
16th, *Second Feast, or Morrow of the Passover, Apr. 19,
21st, *Seventh Feast,
22d, *End of the Passover,
18th, Lag Beomer,
6th, *Feast of Weeks or Pentecost,
7th, *Second Feast,
5609 Tisri begins, *Feast for the New Year,
17th, Fast for the taking of the Temple,
"9th, *Fast for the burning of the Temple,
} June 22d
2d, *Second Feast for the New Year,.
66 3d, Fast of Gedaljah,⚫
10th, *Fast of the Reconciliation or Atonement,
Dec. 8, 1847.
Year. Names of the Months.
5609 Tisri, 15th, *Feast of the Huts or Tabernacles, 16th, *Second Feast of the Huts,..
21st, Feast of Palms or Branches,··
22d, *End of the Hut or Congregation Feast,... 23d, *Rejoicing for the Discovery of the Law, Marchesvan begins,·
66 Thebet begins,.
Year. Names of the Months.
1264 Muharrem begins,
66 Rabia I.
(6 Rabia II.
"C Jomadhi II.
25th, Consecration of the Temple,·
The Jewish year generally contains 354 days, or 12 lunations of the Moon, but in a cycle of 19 years, an intercalary month (Veader) is 7 times introduced, for the purpose of rendering the average duration of the year nearly or quite correct.
(Month of Fasting)
The Mahometan Era dates from the flight of Mahomet to Medina, July 16th, A. D. 622.
The Mahometan year is purely lunar; it consists of 12 synodical periods of the Moon, or of 354 days, 19 times in a cycle of 30 years, and 11 times of 355 days. The average length of this year is therefore 35411 days, which differs only thirty-three seconds from the truth; a degree of exactness that only could have been attained by a long series of observations. But as no allowance is made for the excess of 11 days in the length of a tropical year over the time of 12 revolutions of the Moon, it is obvious that in about 33 years, the above months will correspond to every season and every part of the Gregorian year.