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7. The black bear of America is a small, quiet animal, and very seldom attacks man, unless in self-defense. He will eat vegetables, fruits and small animals, and will climb trees and rob the wild bees of their honey.

8. The grizzly bear is the largest and most fierce of all; he is found only in the rocky mountains and the country around. The Indians hunt him, and any one who traps and kills a grizzly bear is considered very brave, and is allowed to wear a necklace of his teeth strung around his neck.

9. The Asiatic bear lives mostly in the mountains of India. His food is white ants, honey, rice, palm fruit and vegetables. When they are pursued, the little cubs will jump upon the backs of the old bears, which will run off with them.

LXII.-THE FOX IN THE WELL.

1. Sir Reynard once, as I've heard tell,

Had fallen into a farmer's well,
When Wolf, his cousin, passing by,
Heard from the depths his dismal cry.

2. Over the wheel a well-chain hung,

From which two empty buckets swung;
At one, drawn up beside the brink,
The fox had paused, no doubt, to drink,
And putting in his head, had tipped
The bucket: fox and bucket slipped,
And, hampered by the bail, he fell,
As I have said, into the well.
As down the laden bucket went,
The other made its swift ascent.

3. His cousin, Wolf, beguiled to stop,

Listened astonished at the top;
Looked down, and, by the uncertain light,
Saw Reynard in a curious plight,-
There in his bucket at the bottom,

Calling as if the hounds had got him ! 4. “What do you there?” his cousin cried.

“Dear cousin Wolf," the fox replied,
“In coming to the well to draw
Some water, what d'ye think I saw?
It glimmered bright and still below;
You've seen it — but you did not know
It was a treasure! Now, behold !
I've got my bucket filled with gold, -
Enough to buy ourselves and wives

Poultry to last us all our lives!”
5. The wolf made answer with a grin :

Dear me! I thought you'd tumbled in!
What, then, is all this noise about?”
“ Because I could not draw it out,
I called to you,” the Fox replied;

“First help me, then we will divide.” 6. “How?” “Get into the bucket there."

The wolf, too eager for a share,
Did not one moment pause to think;
There hung the bucket by the brink,
And in he stepped. As down he went
The cunning fox made his ascent,

Being the lighter of the two. 7. “That's right!— ha, ha! how well you do! !

How glad I am you came to help!”
Wolf struck the water with a yelp;
The fox leaped out. “Dear Wolf,” said he,

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“ You've been so very kind to me,
I'll leave the treasure all to you;
I hope 'twill do you good! Adieu !
There comes the farmer!” Off he shot,
And disappeared across the lot,
Leaving the wolf to meditate
Upon his miserable fate,-
To flattering craft a victim made,
By his own greediness betrayed !

J. T. TROWBRIDGE.

LXIII.—WHAT TO READ, AND HOW.

1. A young man found that he could read with interest nothing but sensational stories. The best books were placed in his hands, but they were not interesting.

2. One afternoon, as he was reading a foolish story, he overheard one say, “That boy is a great reader; does he read any thing that is worth reading?"

3. “No," was the reply; “his mind will run out if he keeps on reading after his present fashion. He used to be a sensible boy till he took to reading nonsense, and nothing else.”

4. The boy sat still for a time; then rose, went up to the man who said that his mind would run out, and asked him if he would let him have a good book to read. 5. “Will you read a good book if I will let you

have one?

6. “Yes, sir."
7. “ It will be hard work for you.”
8. “I will do it."

9. “Well, come home with me and I will lend you a good book."

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10. The boy went with him, and received a volume of Franklin's works,

11. “There," said the man,“ read that, and come occasionally and tell me what you have read.”

” 12. The lad kept his promise. He found it hard work to keep to the simple and wise sentences of the philosopher, but he persevered. The more he read, and the more he talked with his friend about what he had read, the more interested he became.

13. Ere long he felt no desire to read the feeble and foolish books he had formerly delighted in. He derived a great deal more pleasure from reading good ones. Besides, his mind began to grow. He began to be spoken of as an intelligent and promising young man.

14. Those who do not read good books, but flashy and worthless ones, read hastily and with very little attention; they seem to think, if they are able to say that they have read the books, that nothing more is necessary.

15. It does one very little good to simply read a book. A gentleman once asked a reader of this class if he had read a certain book.

16. “Yes, sir," was the prompt reply.
17. “What do you know about it ?”
18. “I know - I know that I have read it."

I . 19. He spoke the truth. He had read the book, and he knew that he had read it, and that was all he knew about it.

20. Of course he derived no benefit from that book, unless, perhaps, the reading it kept him out of some mischief; but, on the other hand, it tended to form a bad habit of reading

21. No book does any one good unless it is understood. Unless you get some definite ideas from a book, there is no use in reading it.

REV, JOSEPH ALDEN, LL.D.

66

LXIV. -VALUE OF BIRDS.

1. How ought we to receive our pretty visitors? The law has told us that we must not kill them or destroy their nests. They come to us in the most confiding innocence, not intending to harm us, but to confer upon us benefits which no other class of the animal creation can confer.

2. Were there none of these birds to keep in check the myriads of voracious insects which swarm around us, our country, it may well be believed, would cease to be habitable by man. We may form some idea of the value of birds from calculating the labors of a single species.

3. Each red-winged blackbird devours on an average fifty grubs a day. One pair in four months consumes

. more than twelve thousand. If there are in New England one million pairs of these birds, then they will consume twelve thousand millions of grubs in one sum

mer.

4. If any one can calculate the amount of injury that such an army of insects might do, he may calculate the amount of benefit which we derive from this single species of birds for one season only.

5. It does one's heart good to hear the sweet song of the meadow lark. The gunner should spare him for that alone. They, too, feed upon insects and (to man) useless berries.

6. The oriole and other hanging birds feed almost wholly on insects in the spring. In cherry time we rather wish they and the robin would stay in the woods; and yet they are busy in catching the pea-bug; and the robin also examines the trees in the orchard. Insects found

uipon the apple tree seem to be his favorite food. 7. The crow blackbird pulls up corn, but he devourg

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