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God's hands, he had a right from Him to food, to liberty, and they had no right to deprive him of either.

9. He alluded to the mute but earnest pleadings of the animal for that life, as dear to him as were their own to themselves, and to the judgment they might expect if in selfish cruelty and cold-heartedness they took the life they could not restore.

10. During the appeal the tears had started to his father's eyes, and were fast running down his sunburnt cheeks. Every feeling of his heart was stirred within him, and he felt that God had blessed him beyond the lot of common men. His pity was awakened by the eloquent words of compassion and the strong appeal for mercy, and, forgetting the judge in the man and the father, he sprang from his chair (while Daniel was in the midst of his argument, without thinking he had already won his case), and, dashing the tears from his eyes, he turned to his eldest son and exclaimed, “Zeke, Zeke, you let that woodchuck go !”

LXX.-THE STINGING TREE.

1. One of the torments to which the traveler is subjected in the North Australian scrubs, is a stinging tree, which is very abundant and ranges in size from a large shrub of thirty feet in height to a small plant measuring only a few inches.

2. Its leaf is large, and peculiar from being covered with a short, silvery hair, which, when shaken, emits a fine, pungent dust, most irritating to the skin and nostrils.

3. If touched, it causes most acute pain, which is felt for months afterward — a dull, gnawing pain, accompanied by a burning sensation, particularly in the shoulder and under the arm, where small lumps often arise.

4. Even when the sting has quite died away the unwary bushinan is forcibly reminded of his indiscretion each time the affected part is brought into contact with water.

5. The fruit is of a pink-fleshy color, hanging in clusters, so inviting that a stranger is irresistibly tempted to pluck it, but seldom more than once, for, though the raspberrylike berries are harmless in themselves, some contact with the leaves is almost unavoidable.

6. The blacks are said to eat the fruit, but for this I can not vouch, though I have tasted one or two at odd times, and found them very pleasant.

7. The worst of this nettle is the tendency it exhibits to shoot up wherever a clearing has been effected. In passing through the dray tracks cut through the scrubs, great caution was necessary to avoid the young plants that cropped up even in a few weeks.

8. I have never known a case of its being fatal to human beings, but I have seen people subjected by it to great suffering,— notably a scientific gentleman, who plucked off a branch and carried some distance as a curiosity, wondering the while what caused the pain and numbness in his arms.

9. Horses I have seen die in agony from the sting, the wounded parts becoming paralyzed; but, strange to say, it does not seem to injure cattle, who dash through the scrubs full of it without receiving any damage. This curious anomaly is well known to all bushmen.

Cassell's Illustrated

ravels.

It is one of the beautiful compensations of this life, that no man can sincerely try to help another without helping himself.

God makes no promises to idlers, but He gives light and strength to those who labor and trust.

LXXI.-WHITTLING: A YANKEE PORTRAIT.

1. The Yankee boy, before he's sent to school,

Well knows the mysteries of that magic tool,
The pocket knife. To that his wistful eye
Turns, while he hears his mother's lullaby;
His hoarded cents he gladly gives to get it,
Then leaves no stone unturned till he can whet it;
And in the education of the lad,
No little part that implement hath had.
His pocket knife to the young whittler brings
A growing knowledge of material things.

2. Projectiles, music, and the sculptor's art,

His chestnut whistle and his shingle dart,
His elder pop-gun, with its hickory rod,
Its sharp explosion and rebounding wad,
His cornstalk fiddle, and the deeper tone
That murmurs from his pumpkin-leaf trombone,
Conspire to teach the boy. To these succeed
His bow, his arrow of a feathered reed,
His wind-mill, raised the passing breeze to win,
His water-wheel, that turns upon a pin;
Or, if his father lives upon the shore,
You'll see his ship “beam's end upon the floor,"
Full rigged, with raking masts and timbers staunch,
And waiting near the wash-tub for a launch.

3. Thus by his genius and his jack-knife driven,

Ere long he'll solve you any problem given;
Make any gimcrack, musical or mute,
A plow, a coach, an organ or a flute;
Make you a locomotive or a clock,
Cut a canal or build a floating dock,
Or lead forth Beauty from a marble block;

Make any thing, in short, for sea or shore,
From a child's rattle to a seventy-four;
Make it, said I?— Aye, when he undertakes it,
He'll make the thing, and the machine that makes it.

4. And when the thing is made, whether it be

To move on earth, in air, or on the sea,
Whether on water, o'er the waves to glide,
Or upon land to roll, revolve or slide,
Whether to whirl, or jar, to strike or ring,
Whether it be a piston or a spring,
Wheel, pulley, tube sonorous, wood or brass,
The thing designed shall surely come to pass ;
For when his hand's upon it you may know
That there's go in it, and he'll make it go.

REV. J. PIERPONT.

LXXII.-COAL MINES AND THE SAFETY

LAMP.

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1. When you are sitting by a nice bright fire on a cold winter's day, do you ever think of the men called miners, who dig the coal ont of the earth! Coal is formed of decayed trees and plants that have been buried in the ground for many ages.

2. The principal coal mines are in Great Britain and North America. The opening into a mine is called a shaft, and the making of it is called “sinking a shaft.” The miners are lowered into the mines in buckets.

3. Some coal mines extend a long distance under the sea, and all mines are deep in the earth, and quite dark. The poor miners lead a hard life working under-ground all day, and sometimes they have to stoop, and even to lie down, that they may get at the coal. They have to carry a light that they may see to work.

NTA CLARA ?!CHERS UL

THE FOURTH READER.

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4. Sometimes there is foul air in the mines, called fire-damp. It is a gas, and will explode if a lighted lamp is brought into it; and in this way many lives have been lost. Mining is very hard and very dangerous work,but not as dangerous now as formerly.

5. Many years ago there was a boy named Humphrey Davy,* who was very fond of study. One day he was told of a dreadful explosion in a coal mine, which caused the death of

many men. 6. Young Davy made up his mind that he could and would, some day, put an end to these accidents which caused so much misery. He wanted to make a lamp that would be quite safe, even in the midst of fire-damp. He knew that he must learn a great deal before he could hope to succeed, so he at once set himself to learning the laws of heat.

7. After learning all he could from the books his kind friends lent him, he began to experiment for himself. He made use of several clever but simple tests, from which he learned much that he wished to know. After some time spent in this way he began to think of his miner's lamp.

8. He first put a piece of metal wire round a light, and found that the flame lost some of its heat; but he did not at once see how he could make use of this knowledge. But he soon ascertained that flame could not get through a thin metal pipe, and he made a lamp on this principle. But this lamp would go out and leave the miner in the dark if the fire-damp got into it, and so it was not quite perfect.

* Humphrey Davy was born Dec. 17, 1779, at Cornwall, England. He became distinguished for his chemical and philosophical researches, a work on which he published in 1800, when only twentyone years old. At twenty-two he was professor of chemistry in the Royal Institution, where his experiments, his novel ideas, and his eloquence in their advocacy, placed him at once in the front ranks of the scientists of the times. In 1820 he was president of the Royal Society. He died May 20, 1829.

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