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13. When I see a man flattering the people, making great professions of attachment to liberty, who is in private life a tyrant, methinks, "Look out, good people! that fellow would set you turning grindstones !”
14. When I see a man hoisted into office by party spirit, without a single qualification to render him either respectable or useful, “Alas!” methinks, "deluded people, you are doomed for a season to turn the grindstone for a booby!”
X01.—THE ATLANTIC CABLE.
1. The application of electricity as a means of con veying thought, is of recent date. In 1816 John R. Coxe, of Philadelphia, suggested that such a result might be accomplished by the aid of the “Galvanic Battery,” discovered and constructed by Volta, an Italian, in 1801.
2. But the electro-magnetic agency was first fully developed and applied by Professor Morse, an American, in 1832. The first telegraph line was constructed in 1844 between Baltimore and Washington, and the first message sent over the wires was in these words: “What hath God wrought!”
3. The Atlantic cable is the most wonderful application of Professor Morse's discovery yet made. Cyrus W, Field, of New York, was the moving spirit in its conception and construction. Five attempts to lay it were made before complete success was attained, as will be seen by the following history.
4. First attempt, 1857. The American frigate Niagara and the English Agamemnon, each bearing half of the cable, sailed from Valentia Bay on the 7th of August. The former vessel was to lay the Irish half and the latter the American.
5. On the 11th of August the Niagara, having laid three hundred and thirty-four miles, parted the cable in a swell of the ocean, leaving but seven hundred and fifty-nine miles on board. The aggregate surplus on board the two vessels being but two hundred and seven miles greater than the distance between Ireland and Newfoundland, the attempt was abandoned.
6. Second attempt, 1858. The same vessels, laden as before, sailed from Valentia on the 10th of June. On the 26th the cable was spliced in mid-ocean. At the end of five days, the cable having parted three times with a loss of over one hundred miles of its length, the expedition was temporarily abandoned and both vessels were headed for Ireland.
7. Third attempt, 1858. The same vessels, laden as in former attempts, spliced the cable ends on the 29th of July, in mid-ocean, and on the 4th of August the Niagara, in Trinity Bay, received a dispatch from the Agamemnon that she had laid over eleven hundred miles of the cable.
8. On the 5th of August the two countries were wild with enthusiasm over the announcement of success. Bells were rung, men shouted, bonfires blazed, cannon thundered, processions were marched, and the world received this as an unprecedented piece of secular news.
9. Among the public dispatches transmitted were the news of peace in China, a neat congratulation from Queen Victoria to President Buchanan, the President's response to the same, exchange of congratulations between the mayors of New York and London, and, on the 31st of August, an order from England to Halifax for the 62d regiment not to return to England.
10. The whole number of words thus sent to Valentia was two thousand eight hundred and eighty-five, and to Newfoundland one thousand four hundred and seventy.
four - a total of four thousand three hundred and fiftynine. Owing to some defect in the cable no further messages could be sent. The cost of this cable was one million two hundred and fifty-six thousand two hundred and fifty dollars, and the total cost to the company was one million eight hundred and thirty-four thousand five hundred dollars.
11. Fourth attempt, 1865. On the 22d of July the Great Eastern (the largest ship in the world, and which had been lately built,) sailed from Valentia with a cable twenty-six hundred miles long, one and one-eighth inches in diameter, and weighing five thousand tons.
12. Faulty insulation was discovered and repaired on the 29th. On the 2d of August, after paying out over thirteen hundred miles, the cable broke, and the weary days until the 11th were spent in vain efforts to regain the submerged end.
13. Fifth attempt, 1866. On the 7th of July the shore end was landed from the Great Eastern, at Valentia, and on the 13th it was connected with the main cable on board the ship which on the next day (the 14th of July, 1866,) sailed for America, paying out the cable on
14. On the 27th of July, after fourteen days of intense anxiety, the ship reached Heart's Content - the place selected for the American end of the cable — having successfully accomplished its work. The entire length of the cable is eighteen hundred and sixty-four miles.
15. The value of the Atlantic cable, financially considered, is too great for comprehension, and it is hoped that it will have a far greater value in binding together the hearts of the people of England and America ; that now, as “mother and child” can talk together “face to face,” they will know each other better, and love each other more.
16. Let the cable be an emblem of peace
an end of strife. And as in language, in civilization, in Christianity, in hopes, Great Britain and America are one, so henceforth let their aims be one, and that one the securing of a general and practical recognition of the universal brotherhood of mankind.
XCII.— SAINT JONATHAN.
1. There's many an excellent Saint:
St. George with his dragon and lance;
St. Vitus, the saint of the dance;
St. Andrew, the saint of the Scot;
Is the mightiest saint of the lot!
2. He wears a most serious face,
Well worthy a martyr's possessing;
But partly to thinking and guessing.
Has rather a secular bias,
Of his being excessively pious!
And is always extremely inclined
For mending the morals and mind.
St. Jonathan ever has done
Just listen a moment to one:
4. One day when a flash in the air
Split his meeting-house fairly asunder,
They're dreadfully careless with thunder!”
And now when the lightning comes round He keeps it from building and people
By running it into the ground !
5. Reflecting, with pleasant emotion,
On the capital job he had done,
Improvements have barely begun;
(As ministers often inform us,)
Is really something enormous ! ”
6. While ciphering over the thing,
At length he discovered a plan
And make him the servant of man!
He flies on the fleetest of pinions,
All over his master's dominions !
7. One morning while taking a stroll
He heard a lugubrious cry,
In a hospital standing near by;
Saluted St. Jonathan's ear,
Was melted with pity to hear.