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tion or a not-for-profit college or university chartered by the regents
of the university of the state of New York[, and]. Except for the United
States of America and its transferees or assigns, said land and any im-
provements thereon shall be used only for hospital, park and recreation,
aunicipal office or educational purposes, and for complementary
demic, scientific or technological uses, applied research and develop-
mental activities of a not-for-profit college or university, volun-
tary,, municipal or state-operated hospital, or a municipal corporation.
Said land or any improvements thereon transferred pursuant to this act
to the United States of America or its transferees or assigns shall not
be designed or altered for the overnight housing and/or custody of pris-
oners or detainees. These purposes and/or restrictions shall be recorded
as deed covenants and restrictions running with the land upon the trans-
fer of the land to the town of Islip, Suffolk county and its transferees
or assigns.
§ 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

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CHAPTER 376

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AN ACT to amend the public health law, in relation to expediting hospi-
tal construction applications for renovation and capital improvement
related to institutional tuberculosis infection control
Became a law July 17, 1992, with the approval of the Governor.

Passed by a majority vote, three-fifths being present.
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
bly, do enact as follows:

Section 1. Section 2802 of the public health law is amended by adding a new subdivision 3-a to read as follows:

3-a. Review of applications from hospitals in epidemic areas and hospitals serving state correctional facilities to renovate provide for capital improvement for the purpose of controlling the spread of tuberculosis infection may be approved by the commissioner, who to the extent practicable may, but shall not be required to, consider the recommendations of the health systems

agency and

the state hospital review and planning Council for applications for which he grants approval. In such cases the commissioner shall take further necessary to expedite departmental reviews for such approval. § 2. This act' shall take effect immediately.

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CHAPTER 377

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AN ACT to amend the private housing finance law, in relation to the pow-
ers of the New York state housing finance agency with relation to the
mobile home cooperative fund program
Became a law July 17, 1992, with the approval of the Governor.

Passed by a majority vote, three-fifths being present.
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
bly, do enact as follows:

Section 1. Subdivisions 2 and 4 of section 1122 of the private housing
finance law, as added by chapter 261 of the laws of 1988, are amended to
read as follows:
2: No such loan may be made or its term extended pursuant to this ar-
ticle, unless the agency determines that the eligible applicants cannot
EXPLANATION-Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law

or

afford obtain the financing necessary to accomplish the purposes of such loans through the ordinary unaided operation of private enterprise.

4. Such contracts may provide for loans by the agency for the activities to be carried out by the eligible applicant under the contract, including participation in loans including but not limited to participation in loans originated or financed by lending institutions as defined in section forty-two of this chapter, private or public employee pension funds or the state of New York mortgage agency. Loans shall be at the prevailing interest rate in the area for long term residential mortgages or at such lower rate as the agency determines to be necessary for the project to be financially feasible. Loans shall not exceed ninety-five percent of the project costs including purchase price and costs for infrastructure improvement. The term of the loan for a cooperative project or infrastructure improvement shall not exceed ten years unless extended for periods not to exceed ten years in which case the term of the loan as extended shall not exceed thirty years in the aggregate and the amortization schedule for the loan shall not exceed thirty years.

§ 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

CHAPTER 378

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AN ACT to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to execution of

bench warrants
Became a law July 17, 1992, with the approval of the Governor.

Passed by a majority vote, three-fifths being present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

Section 1. Subdivision 3 of section 420. 10 of the criminal procedure law, as amended by chapter 506 of the laws of 1985, is amended to read as follows:

3. Imprisonment for failure to pay. Where the court imposes a fine, restitution or reparation, the sentence may provide that if the defendant fails to pay the fine, restitution or reparation in accordance with the direction of the court, the defendant must be imprisoned until the fine, restitution

reparation is satisfied. Such provision may be added at the time sentence is pronounced or at any later date while

the fine, restitution

reparation any part thereof remains unpaid; provided, however, that if the provision is added at a time subsequent to the pronouncement of sentence the defendant must be personally present when it is added. In any case where the defendant fails to pay

a fine, restitution or reparation as directed the court may issue a warrant directing a peace officer, acting pursuant to his special duties,

police officer, to take him into custody and bring him before the court; provided, however, if the court in which the warrant is returnable is a city, town or village court, and such court is not available, and the warrant is addressed to a police officer, such executing police officer must without unnecessary delay bring the defendant before an alternate local criminal court, as provided in subdivision five of section 120.90 of this chapter; or if the court in which the warrant is returnable is a superior court, and such court is not available, and the warrant is addressed to a police officer, such executing police officer may bring the defendant to the local correctional facility of the county

in which such court

to be detained there until not later than the commencement of the next session of such court occurring

on

the next business day. Such warrant may also be delegated in the same manner as a warrant pursuant to section 530.70 of this chapter. Where sentence provides that the defendant be imprisoned for failure to pay a fine, the court shall advise the defendant that if he is unable to pay such fine, he has a right, at any time, to apply to the court to be resentenced as provided in subdivision five of this section.

§ 2. This act shall take effect on the first day of November next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.

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CHAPTER 379

law,

AN ACT to amend the public authorities law, chapter 774 of the laws of 1950, relating to agreeing with the state of New Jersey with respect to rules and regulations governing traffic on vehicular crossings operated by the port of New York authority, and the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to liability of vehicle owners for toll collection violations Became a law July 17, 1992, with the approval of the Governor.

Passed by a majority vote, three-fifths being present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows: Section 1. Legislative intent. The legislature hereby finds and declares that electronic toll collection is a new technology that will offer significant benefits to the motoring public. Such benefits will in, clude customer convenience, road congestion relief, cost reductions and increased traffic management.

Transactions take place via electromagnetic transmission between a scanner at a toll booth and a small tag, at tached to the vehicle allowing the toll to be paid automatically without any physical involvement of the driver. The legislature further finds and declares that implementation of this new technology will require implementation of new methods of toll collection enforcement. This legislation shall not be construed to affect in any way the power which public authorities possess to establish tolls and other charges in connection with their tolled facilities, including their authority to establish a one way toll collection system for any of their facilities or a toll discount structure for certain classes of patrons using any of their facilities.

. 2. The public authorities law is amended by adding a new section 2985 to read as follows:

ş, 2985. Owner liability for failure of operator to comply with toll collection regulations. 1. Notwithstanding any other provision of every public authority which operates a toll highway bridge and/or tunnel facility is hereby authorized and empowered to impose monetary liability on the owner of a vehicle for failure of an operator thereof to coaply with the toll collection regulations of such public authority in accordance with the provisions of this section.

2. The owner of a vehicle shall be liable for a civil penalty imposed pursuant to this section if such vehicle was used or operated with

the permission of the owner, express or implied, in violation of toll collection regulations, and such violation is evidenced by information obtained from a photo-monitoring system, provided, however, that no owner of a vehicle shall be liable for a penalty imposed pursuant to this section where the operator of such vehicle has been convicted of a violation of toll collection regulations for the same incident.

3. For purposes of this section, the term "owner" shall mean any person, corporation, partnership, firm,, agency, association, lessor or ganization who, at the time of the violation and with respect to the venicle identified in the notice of liability: (a) is the beneficial equitable owner of such vehicle; or (b) has čitle to such vehicle; or (C) is the registrant or co-registrant of such vehicle which is registered with the department of motor vehicles of this state or any other state, territory, district, province, nation or other jurisdiction; 0) subject to the limitations set forth in subdivision ten of this section, uses such vehicle in its vehicle renting and/or leasing business; and includes (e) a person entitled to the use and possession of a vehicle subject to a security interest in another person. For purposes of this section, the term "photo-monitoring system" shall mean a vehicle sensor installed to work in conjunction with a toll collection facility which automatically,

produces one or more photographs, one or more microphotographs, a videotape or other recorded images of each vehicle at the time it is used

or operated in violation of toll collection regulations. For purposes of this section, the term "toll collection regulations" shall

those rules and regulations of à public authority providing for and requiring the payment of

tolls and/or EXPLANATION-Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law

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charges prescribed by such public authority for the use of bridges, tunnels or highways under its jurisdiction or those rules and regulations of a public authority making it unlawful to refuse to pay or to evade or to attempt to evade the payment of all or part of any toll and/or charge for the use of bridges, tunnels or highways under the jurisdiction of such public authority. For purposes of this section, the term "vehicle" shall mean every device in, upon or by which a person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. 4. A certificate, Sworn

to

affirmed by an agent of the public authority which charged that the violation occurred,

facsimile thereof, based upon inspection of photographs, microphotographs, videotape or other recorded images produced by photo-monitoring system shall be prima facie evidence of the facts contained therein and shall be admissible in any proceeding charging a violation of toll collection regulations, provided that any photographs, microphotographs, videotape or other recorded images evidencing such a violation shall be available for inspection and admission into evidence in any proceeding to ad judicate the liability for such violation. 5. An

found liable for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to this section shall for a first violation thereof be liable

for

a monetary penalty not to exceed fifty dollars or two times the toll evaded whichever is greater; for second violation thereof both within eighteen months be liable for a monetary penalty not to exceed one hundred dollars or five times the toll evaded whichever is greater; for a third or subsequent violation thereof all within eighteen months be liable for a monetary penalty not to exceed one hundred fifty dollars or ten times the toll evaded whichever is greater.

6. An imposition of liability pursuant to this section shall be based upon a preponderance of evidence as submitted. An imposition of liability pursuant

to this section shall not be deemed a conviction as an operator and shall not be made

part of

the motor vehicle operating record, furnished

pursuant to section three hundred fifty-four of the vehicle and traffic law, of the person upon whom such liability is inposed nor shall it be used for insurance purposes in the provision of motor vehicle insurance coverage.

7. (a) A notice of liability shall be sent by first class mail to each person alleged to be liable as an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations. Such notice shall be mailed no later than thirty days after the alleged violation. Personal delivery on the owner shall not be required. A manual or automatic record of mailing prepared in the ordinary course of business shall be prima facie evidence of the mailing of the notice.

(b) A notice of liability shall contain the name and address of the person alleged to be liable as an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations

pursuant

to this section, the registration number of the vehicle involved in such violation, the location where such violation took place, the date and time of such violation and the identification number of the photo-monitoring system which recorded the violation or other document locator number.

(c) The notice of liability shall contain information advising the person charged of the manner and the time in which he may contest the liability alleged in the notice. Such notice of liability shall also contain a warning to advise the persons charged that failure to contest in the manner and time provided shall be deemed an admission of liability and that a default judgment may be entered thereon.

(d) The notice of liability shall be prepared and mailed by the public authority having jurisdiction over the toll facility where the violation of toll collection regulations occurred.

8. Ad judication of the liability imposed upon owners by this section shall be by the entity having jurisdiction over violations of the rules and regulations of the public authority serving the notice of liability or where authorized by an administrative tribunal and all violations shall be heard and determined in the county in which the violation is alleged to have occurred, or in New York city and upon the consent of both parties, in any county within New York city in which the public aụthority operates or maintains a facility, and in the charges of other regulatory violations of such public authority or pursuant to the rules and regulations of such administrative tribunal the case may be.

9. If an owner receives a notice of liability pursuant to this section for any time period during which the vehicle was reported to the police

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department as having been stolen, it shall be a valid defense to an allegation of liability for a violation of toll collection regulations that the vehicle had been reported to the police as stolen prior to the time the violation occurred and had not been recovered by such time. If an owner receives a notice of liability pursuant to this section for any time period during which the vehicle was stolen, but not as yet reported to the police as having been stolen, it shall be a valid defense to an allegation of liability for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to this section that the vehicle was reported as stolen within two hours after the discovery of the theft by the owner. For purposes of assert ing the defense provided by this subdivision it shall be sufficient that a certified copy of the police report on the stolen vehicle be sent by first class mail

the court or other entity having jurisdiction.

10. An owner who is a lessor of a vehicle to which a notice of liability was issued pursuant to subdivision seven of this section shall not be liable for the violation of the toll collection regulation provided that he or she sends to the public authority serving the notice of liability and to the court or other entity having jurisdiction a copy of the rental, lease or other such contract document covering such vehicle on the date of the violation, with the name and address of the lessee clearly legible, within fifteen days after receiving the original notice of liability. Failure to send such information within such thirty day time period shall render the lessor liable for the penalty prescribed by this section. Where the lessor complies with the provisions of this subdivision, the lessee of such vehicle on the date of such violation shall be deemed to be the owner of such vehicle for purposes of this section and shall be subject to liability for the violat'ion of toll collection regulations, provided that the public authority mails a notice of liability to the lessee within ten days after the court, other entity having jurisdiction,

deems the lessee to be the owner. For purposes of this subdivision the term "lessor" shall mean any person, corporation, firo, partnership, agency, association or organization engaged in the business of renting or leasing vehicles to any lessee under rental agreement, lease or otherwise wherein the said lessee has the exclusive use of said vehicle for any period of time. For purposes of this subdivision, the term "lessee" shall mean any person, corporation, firm, partnership, agency, association or organization that rents, leases contracts for the use of one or more vehicles and has exclusive use thereof for any period of time, 11. Except as provided in subdivision ten of this section,

if a person receives a notice of liability pursuant to this section it shall be a yalid defense to an allegation of liability for a violation of toll collection regulations that the individual who received the notice of liability pursuant to this section was not the owner of the vehicle at the time the violation occurred. If the owner liable for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to this section was not the operator of the vehicle at the time of the violation, the owner may maintain an tion for indemnification against the operator.

12. "Electronic toll collection system" shall mean a system of collecting tolls or charges which is capable of charging an account

holder the appropriate toll or charge by transmission of information from an electronic device on a motor vehicle to the toll lane, which information is used to charge the account the appropriate toll or charge. In adopting procedures for the preparation and mailing of a notice of liability, the public, authority 'having jurisdiction over the toll facility shali adopt guidelines to ensure adequate and timely notice to all electronic toll collection system

account holders to inform them when their accounts are delinquent. An owner who is an account holder under the electronic toll collection system shall not be found liable for a violation of this section unless such authority has first sent a notice of delinquency to such account holder and the account holder was in fact delinquent at the time of the violation,

13. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the liability of an operator of

vehicle for any violation of toll collection regulations. 14. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, all photographs, microphotographs, videotape or other recorded images prepared pursuant to this section shall be for the exclusive use of a public authority in the EXPLANATION-Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law

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