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himself is a most conspicuous offender. The question now to be asked—and labor must answer it—is whether the federations and the unions are going to persist in these lawless courses, or whether, after the terrible warning of Los Angeles, they will mend their ways. Does Mr. Gompers intend to pursue the path he has heretofore followed ? Will he, by his example and by his language, continue to give labor and the general public the impression that he sympathizes with lawlessness and not with law; that he, too, puts the “principle” of his organization above the foundation principles of this Government? Mr. Gompers has labored with unflagging zeal to procure amendments to the laws with the undisguised purpose of exempting labor from the consequences of criminal acts. He has sought to have the law declare that the right to do business shall not be considered a property right, to the end that boycotting may cease to be illegal. He has sought to have labor exempted from the provisions of the anti-trust law, seeking thus to put the most arbitrary trust in the country in a position where it may freely pursue its oppressive and ruthless policies.
Astonishment Not An Answer. Mr. Gompers asserts that organized labor has a membership of two millions. If Mr. Gompers does not mend his ways, if he persists in upholding the “principle” that unionism is above the law, the public must and will conclude that he believes a majority of the organized wage earners to be men of depraved and criminal minds. That is a monstrous belief. Yet if it is held by Gompers it will be held by others. Labor can vindicate itself against this terrible imputation only by repudiating Gompers, by repudiating all leaders who preach or practice according to the McNamara "principle,” who incite to criminal acts or refuse to condemn them. Labor cannot go on in the McNamara way and in the Gompers way. The Los Angeles savagery makes that impossible. Nor can it clear its skirts merely by expressing astonishment and dismay when a labor murderer pleads guilty. Nobody can draw up an indictment against a labor union, but the courts have already hinted that continuing membership in a union which habitually employs lawless methods may raise the question whether all members not known to have protested against criminal measures should not be treated as accessories. There cannot be two classes of society in this Republic—one organized in support of the principle of murder, riot, and destruction and the other at all times exposed to these outrages. With the lawful purposes of the labor organization the greater part of the people are in entire sympathy. But they will not put up with repeated and defiant applications of the McNamara “principle.” Mr. Samuel Gompers, as the chief man of organized labor, must make his decision and make it quickly. If he elects to declare his adherence to the McNamara principle, he cannot expect that two million Americans, or anything like two millions, will be willing to follow where he leads.
Striking garment workers of Cleveland have been trying to get their old jobs back. The strike here has failed, despite its lawlessness, just as it did in Chicago. Strike leaders now say their international union has spent $300,000.00 in the fight and can stand the strain no longer. A committee sent by the international organization broke the news to the Cleveland strikers and advised them that the treasury was depleted and that no more money could be depended upon.
Would not a digest of the many effusions of the union journals of the country, declaring the Burns evidence to be a gigantic frame-up, be intensely interesting in the light of the confessions of the McNamaras.
That which is most devoutly to be hoped for, now that the McNamaras have confessed, is the prosecution of the person who conceived the jury bribing and ordered it carried out. It would seem that one might well be pardoned for entertaining a slight suspicion as to why the Moyer-Heywood-Pettibone jury did not convict.
By way of a bit of friendly advice to those officials of organized labor who have been so loudly clamoring for the execution of the McNamaras, it might be suggested that this thirst for their blood should not be shown too soon. These men have it in their hands to bring to justice many of the dynamiters who are still at liberty.
TOTALLY WRONG. The labor unions almost without exception, observes the Herald (El Paso, Texas), appear to regard the criminal prosecution of the McNamaras as deliberate persecution of union labor as such—part of a conspiracy to destroy labor organizations if possible. This conception of the case is totally wrong, and there is no more reason why labor unions should take this thing so pointedly to themselves than that any religious organization or fraternal lodge should work itself into a frenzy over the criminal prosecution of some unworthy member.
OUTLINE OF POLICY.
National Founders' Association.
LIMITATION OF OUTPUT. Arbitrary limitations of output on the part of the molders or arbitrary demands for an excessive amount of output by the molders on the part of the foundrymen, being contrary to the spirit of equity which should govern the relationship of employer and employe, all attempts in that direction by either party-the molder or foundrymen-are to be viewed with disfavor and will not receive the sanction of this Association.
LIMITATION OF MAN'S EARNING CAPACITY.
Inasmuch as certain practices insisted upon by labor organizations tend toward counteracting the energy, ability, inclinations and opportunity of molders to earn greater compensation than they are now receiving, it shall continue to be the policy of the Association not to permit the limitation of a man's earning capacity, whether he is working by the day, by the piece or premium system, thus protecting our workmen in a desire to improve their conditions.
FINES AND RESTRICTIONS. Believing the action of labor organizations in inflicting upon their members fines and punishments for accepting opportunities of advancement and increased earnings offered by the foundrymen, is a practice tending toward a deterioration of the ability of the individual workmen, this Association hereby reaffirms its determination to prevent the imposition of fines and restrictions placed on a molder for the purpose of handicapping him or retarding him in any way from putting forth his best efforts to produce the best quality and quantity of work in the shortest time and receiving a proportionate compensation.
METHOD OF EMPLOYMENT. Employes will be paid by the hourly rate, by premium system, piece work or contract, as the employers may elect, and the workmen so employed will be required to give a fair day's work for a fair day's pay.
FREEDOM OF EMPLOYMENT.
It is the privilege of the employe to leave our employ whenever he sees fit, and it is the privilege of the employer to discharge any workmen when he sees fit.
RELATIONS OF EMPLOYES.
Every workman who elects to work in the foundry of a member of this Association will be required to work peacefully and harmoniously with his fellow employes, and to such a workman the freedom of employment shall not be denied.
The number of apprentices, helpers and handymen to be employed will be determined solely by the requirements of the employer.
APPLIANCES. It shall be the right of the foundryman to introduce molding machines and appliances of any kind, and to have the same operated by whomsoever he finds to his best advantage to employ ihereon.
STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS.
Disapproving absolutely of strikes and lockouts, the members of this Association will not arbitrate any question with men on strike. Neither will this Association countenance a lockout on any arbitrable question unless arbitration has failed.
ARBITRATION. The above principles being absolutely essential to the successful conduct of our business, they are not subject to arbitration.
In case of disagreement concerning matters not covered by the foregoing announcement, we advise our members to meet their employes either individually or collectively and endeavor to adjust the difficulty on a fair and equitable basis.
METHOD OF ARBITRATION.
In case of inability to reach a satisfactory adjustment we recommend that the question be submitted to a Board of Arbitration consisting of two of the employes and two persons engaged in the management of the firm or corporation involved, and in case