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A

DICTIONARY

OF THE

ENGLISH LANGUAGE:

IN WHICH

THE WORDS ARE DEDUCED FROM THEIR ORIGINALS,

AND

ILLUSTRATED IN THEIR DIFFERENT SIGNIFICATIONS BY EXAMPLES FROM

THE BEST WRITERS.

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LONDON:
PRINTED FOR LONGMAN, HURST, REES, AND ORME, PATERNOSTER-ROW;

J.JOHNSON; W.J. AND 3. RICHARDSON; J. WALKER; R. BALDWIN; F. AND C. RIVINGTON; T. PAYNE;

LACKINGTON, ALLEN, AND CO.; VERNOR AND HOOD: J. AND A. ARCH; CADELL AND DAVIES; S. BAG

LACKINNE; I STOCKDALE CROSBY ANANDP; 1. ASPERNE CATEVE AND SON; CUTHELL AND MARTIN
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, YORK.

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А

DICTIONARY

OF THE

ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

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DIABOʻLICK

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DIA

DIA DIABEȘTES. n. s. (diezbáilns.) A mor- Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleeples bid copiousness of urine; a fatal col

nights,

Milian. liquation by the urinary passages.

To him who wears the regal diadem.
An increase of that secretion may accompany

Why should he ravish then that diadem
the general colliquations; as in fluxes, hectic

From your grey temples, which the hand of time

Denbarn. skeats and coughs, diabetes, and other consump

Must shortly plant on his?
tions.
Derbam's Physico-Theology.

Faction, that once made diadems her prey,
DIABO’LICAL. adj. (from diabolusne

And stopt our prince in his triumphant way,

Fled like a mist before this radiant day. Roscons. taking of the qualities of the devil; ima. pious ; atrocious; nefarious ; pertaining

with a diadem ; crowned.

Not so, wheri diadem'd with rays divine,
to the devil,
This in other beasts observed,

Touch'd with the-flame that breaks from virtue's
Doubt might beget of diabolick pow'r,

shirinę,

Hey jrjestless muse forbids the good to die,
Active within, beyond the sense

of brute. Meilt

. : - And opes the temple of eternity, Pope. poes not the ambitious, the envious, and the: :DI AROM. tis. [dadcouéw] The time revengeful man know very well

, that the thirst blood, and affectation of dominion by vio

in which any inotion is performed; the lence and oppression, is a most diabolical

outrage

time in which a pendulum performs its tipon the laws of God and Nature. L'Estrange.

vibration.
The practice of lying is a diabolical exercise,
and they that use it are the devil's children. Ray.

A gry is one tenth of a line, a line one tenth
Damned spirits must needs be all envy, de-

of an inch, an inch one tenth of a philosophical spair and rage ; and have so much of a diabolical

foot, a philosophical foot one third of a pendu

lum; whose diadroms, in the latitude of fortynature in them, as to wish all men to share their

five degrees, are each equal to one second of time, or a sixtieth of a minute.

Locke, DIACÚDIUM. R. s. (diamusov.] The DiÆ'RESIS. 27. 5

.

[dráspecıç] The sepaDiaco’ustics. n. s. (diaxasıxè.] The

ration or disjunction of syllables; as

aër. DIAGNO'STICK. n, s. (hayukoxw.) A

symptom by which a disease is distin. guished from others.

I shall lay do-vn some indisputable marks of this vice, that whenever we see the tokens, we

may conclude the plague is in the house :-let Spenser. us hear your diagnosticks.

Collier on Pride. One of our physicians proved disappointed of his prognosticks, or rather diagnosticks. Hervey. DIA'GONAL. adj. [dézyósos.] Reach

ing from one angle to another, so as to worn on the

divide a parallelogram into equal parts.

The monstrosity of the badger is ill-contrived, and with some disadvantage; the shortness being Sixed unto che legs of one side, chat might have

misery

syrup of poppies.

doctrine of sounds.
DIADEM. n. s. (diadema, Latin.)
1. A tiara ; an ensign of royalty bound
about the head of eastern monarchs.

The sacred diadem in pieces rent,
And purple robe gored with many a wound.

A list the coblers' temples ties,
To keep the hair out of their eyes;
From whence 'tis plain the diadem,
"That princes wear, derives from them. Swift.
2. The mark of royalty

;
Golden in shew, is but a wreath of thorns ;

head; the crown.

A crown,

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been more properly placed upon the diagonal If the conferring of a kindness did not bind

Brown's Vulgar Errors. the pesson upon whom it was conferred to the All sorts of stone composed of granules, will returns of gratitude, why, in the universal diza cut and rive in any direction, as well in a per- lect of the world, are kindnesses still called oblipendicular, or in a diagonal, as horizontally and gations ?

South. parallel 1o the side of the strata. Woodward. DiALECTICAL. adj. [from dialectick.) Dia'GONAL. 1. s. (from the adjective. Logical ; argumental.

A line drawn from angle to angle, and Those dialecticul subtieties, that the schoolmen dividing a square into equal parts. employ about physiological mysteries, more de

When a man bas in luis mind ehe idea of two clare the wit of him that uses them, than increase lines, viz. the side and diagonal of a square,

the knowledge of sober lovers of truth. Boyle whereof the diagonal is an inch long, he may DIALECTICK. n. s. [dozhixtıxn.] Lo. have the idea also of the division of that live gick; the art of reasoning; into a certain number of equal parts. Locke.

Di'ALLING. 1. s. [from dial.] The sci. DiaľGONALLY. adv. (trom diagonal.]

aterick science; the knowledge of shaIn a diagonal direction.

dow; the art of constructing dials on 'The right and left are not defined by philo

which the shadow may show the hour. sophers according to common acceptation, that is, respectively from one'man unto another, or

Di'ALIST. n. s. [from dial.] A con. any constant site in each, as though that should structer of dials. he the right in one, which, upon confront or Scientitick dialists, by the geometrick consifacing, stands athwart or diagonally unto the derations of lines, have found out rules to mark other; but were distinguished according unto out the irregular motion of the shadow in all their activity, and predominant locomotion, on latitudes, and on all planes.

Moxon. the either side. Brown's Vulger Erreurs. DIAʼLOGIST. n. s. [from dialogue.] A D'AGRAM. 1. s. [Méręcence.] A delinea- speaker in a dialogue or conference; a

tion of geometrical figures; a mathe- writer of dialogues. matical scheine.

DI'ALOGUE. n. s. [dié.oyos.] A conMany a fair precepe in poetry is like a seem- ference; a conversation between two or ing demonstration in the mathematicks; very

more, either real or feigned. specious in the digram, but failing .in the mechanick operation.

Drydin.

Will you hear the dialogue that the two

learned men have compiled in praise of the owl Why do not these persons make a diagram of

ar.d cuckoo ? these cogitative lines and angles, and demen

Shakspeare.

Oi, the impudence of this wicked sex! Lase strate their properties of perception and appetite,

civious dialogues are innocent with you. Dryden. as plainly as we know the other properties of triangles and circles?

Bentley.

In casy dialagues is Fletcher's praise : DiagrY'DIATES. 1. s. [from diogryilium,

He mor'd the mind, but had not pow'r to raise.

Dryden. Latin.] Strong purgatives made with. To Di'alague. v.a. [from the noun.) diagrydium.

.To discourse with another; to confer. All cholerick humours ought to be evacuated by diagrydiates, mixed with carsat oor scape acid, DIALY'sis.on. s. [ diesvors:] The figure

Dost dialogue with thy shadow ? Sbakspeare. or rhubarb po vders. Di’AL. n. s. [dialec: Skinner.] : plate

in rhetorick by which syllables or words marked with lines, wbreme, a hånd' or

are divided.

DIAMETER. 1. so (ad and uitgor.] shadow shows the hour. O, gentlemen, the time of life is shirt

The line which, passing through the To spend that shortness baselio iscie too lang, centre of a circle, or other curvilinear

Though life did ride upon a Lil's point, figure, divides it into equal parts.
Still ending at th' arrival of an hour. Shakspeare. The space between the earth and the moon,

If the motion be very slow, we perceive it not: according to Proleniy, is seventeen times the we have no sense of the accretive motion of plants diameter of the earth, which makes, in a gross or animals; and the sly shadow steals away upon account, about one hundred and twenty thouthe dial, and the quickest eye can discover no sand miles.

Raleigh. more than that it is gone.

Glenville. The bay of Naples is the most delightful one DIAL-Plate. n. s. [dial and plate.]. That

that I ever saw : it lies in almost a round figure on which hours or lines are marked.

of about thirty miles in the diameter. Addison. Strada tells us that the two friends; being each Dia METRAL. adj. [from diameter.] Deof them possessed of a magnetical needle, made scribing the diameter ; relating to the a kind of dial-plate, inscribing it with the four diameter. and ewenty letters, in the same manner as the DIA’METRALLY. adv. (from diametral.) hours of the day are marked upon the ordinary dial-plate.

Addison's Spectator.

According to the direction of a diameDIALECT. η. 5. [διάλεκτος.]

ter; in direct opposition.

Christian piety is, beyond all other things dia-, 1. The subdivision of a language; as the metrally opposed to prophaneness and impiety of Attic, Doric, Ionic, Æolic dialects.

actions.

Hammond 2. Style ; manner of expression,

DIAME'TRICAL. adj. [from diameter.] When themselves do practise that whereof

1. Describing a diameter. they write, they change their dialect; and those words they shun, as if there were in them some

2. Observing the direction of a diameter. secret sting.

Hooker.

· The sin of calumny is set in a most diametrical

opposition to the evangelical precept of loving out 3. Language ; speech. In her youth

neighbours as ourselves. Gov. of the Tongue There is a prone and speechloss dialect,

DIAME'TRICALLY. adv. [from diametrin Such is moves men.

Shakspeare. cal.] In a diametrical direction.

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