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found many years ago, it becomes rather monotonous to hew and draw all the time for other people; one likes to own a portion of the wood, and sometimes to drink a little of the water. So we are endeavoring, by a revised tariff, to develop our interests, to give permanency and fulness to our native resources, and vitality to our industrial institutions.
There is no feeling of jealous antagonism towards the United States, for I really believe that, so soon as our Dominion is in a position to do it, the right hand of commercial fellowship will be extended and some measure of the reciprocal relations once existing be again restored. We are children; you have reached the prime of life, and we found it rather difficult to jump a sixty-inch hurdle, while you could step over our seventeen and a half inch bars without drawing breath.
I said that we were trying the experiment of a new tariff, and, although we pinch your commercial corns a little, I believe the result will prove beneficial to both of us. Our aims and responsibilities are not widely dissimilar; the intercourse between us is almost as close as between State and State, and it behooves us on the soil of North America to cultivate feelings of amity towards one another, and to demonstrate that on this side of the Atlantic exists one of the greatest confederation of freemen the world has ever known.
Gentlemen and ladies, I again thank you, and, through you, the citizens of Boston, for affording me the opportunity of being present here to-night; the recollection of your hospitality will ever be a green spot in my memory. Proud I am to see to-night the flags of both countries intertwined; so may they ever be, fold within fold, color blending with color, until " their varying tints unite and form in heaven's light one arch of peace.”
Mr. McIntosh's remarks were received with great appl
Hon. WILLIAM M. EVARTS, Secretary of State, was next introduced, and said :
ADDRESS OF THE HON. WILLIAM M. EVARTS.
Mr. Mayor, Ladies and Gentlemen, - When your committee, some months ago, was so kind as to visit Washington to invite the President and the members of his Cabinet to join in this great celebration, I told them that there was one claim which the City of Boston had upon me that I never had failed to recognize, and should not do so in this her festivity; and that is, that I was born, and educated, and bred in Boston. And while it was a matter of regret with the President that his plans for his visit to the distant parts of the Union would not permit him to be present, and while all of the Cabinet could not find it in their power to leave either their vacations or the calls of duty elsewhere, the Attorney-General and myself, being natives of this city, felt that we could not refrain from the pleasure, and that at least our merit as natives of Boston would be recognized, whatever difference of opinion there might be in regard to any of the rest of our lives. I had two very good reasons, as I thought also, for having some curiosity to be present. One was, that I remember perfectly well the celebration of the two hundredth anniversary, when I, as a scholar of the Latin School, was a part of the demonstration of that day; and a feeling that I would like to compare Boston and the celebration of that day, with Boston now and its present display of itself, and my views as a boy with my views as a man, led me to wish to be present. Another reason, which I think you will recognize as sound and pertinent, is that I had no expectation of being able to be present on the three hundredth anniversary.
Of Boston as it was up to the year 1838 and 1839, when .
I left the Law School at Cambridge to go to New York, I have a very thorough knowledge. You may remember that the boys of Boston were divided into animosities against one another from their residence in different parts of so great a city. I was a " West-Ender," and it was perfectly understood
"North-Ender" or "South-Ender" was not to be admitted within our lines without a severe drubbing ; and the same punishment was bestowed upon us whenever we crossed their limits. I think the "West-Enders” were not quite as famous for vehemence, and perhaps for success, in these battles as the "North-Enders.” The "North-Enders” really didn't use civilized methods of warfare, and, of course, a cultivated community like the boys at the West End were at a certain disadvantage in these rival contlicts.
The first public dinner that I ever was present at was one that was given to me in Faneuil IIall when I was ten years old. To be sure there was quite a number of other young persons in the same predicament of having received medals at the public schools; and there was an honorable and useful habit of giving a public dinner to the medal scholars in Faneuil Hall, which I hear has since been discontinued; and, in fact, I observe that even on the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary, which might lead naturally to some such festivity, the dinner is omitted. Now, that dinner given, as I say, to me — but if there was any other medal boy speaking to you he would say to him — was an important introduction to life to me, and if I have ever gained in my later life any credit for either eating or speaking at dinners, it has been owing to that early hospitality. I have never seen a dinner that seemed to me so great, and I don't know that there has ever been a day in my life in which I have felt that I really was so important a part of the community in which I lived, as on that day. And then when I thought that the community in which I lived was no mean community, but the City of Boston, which is the very central figure of all that was valuable, and noble, and virtuous, in the life of America, why, of course, to be no mean citizen of no mean city was a very great honor indeed.
Cotton Mather speaks of Boston at that early day as " the great metropolis of the whole English America.” Boston has never got ahead of that situation since. The early condition of fame then acquired makes it impossible for Boston to surpass itself in that direction, and, having gained it, she quietly relinquished the contest in mere numbers and wealth to those other confluent streams of population which come together from nobody knows where.
Boston and Boston boys have been very much a topic of consideration, and sometimes of dispute, in other parts of the country. It is a great good fortune to a man to be able to add something to the reputation of Boston if he stays here, but that is very difficult; but to be able to add reputation, even in the smallest degree, to the city of our birth and our love by leaving it, why, that is an immense satisfaction. It is much easier to gain a reputation anywhere else in this country than it is to keep a reputation in Boston, because Boston is really the master of the judgments of the whole country about people. What Boston thinks of a man that lives in New Orleans, or in Chicago, or in New York, is the final judgment of what he is and what he is worth; and while everybody that was not born in Boston don't admit it, yet they feel it in their hearts. Boston boys, as I understand it, when we were growing up, were most the pride of Boston and most the subject of public attention. But I have noticed that for some years the girls of Boston have been more in the minds of our countrymen, to say nothing of being in their hearts and on their lips. And the girls of Boston have this advantage in their removals and circulation throughout this great country, impressing always the interest of Boston, of being able to do it under an assumed name, and not being so much detected, and so easily, as the boys are.
But I think, gentlemen and ladies, that the Boston people, those born here, those who have always lived here from their birth, and those who have come here by the attraction of this metropolis of New England, in order to make their fortunes and their fame, must all feel a great pride and a great selfrespect for themselves as Bostonians when they see what Boston is now, what it was, and what it continually, without a break, has been in all the higher relations of civic duty, of devotion to country, of the love of the whole country, and in the participation in the great movements of American society that have advanced us from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and made us, in the judgment of all the great powers of the world, their equals in strength and their superiors in happiness. If there is any good thing that has been done in this country, I will not say that Boston has always been the first mover or the only or the greatest promoter of it; but I will say that no great and valuable movement of this country, and of the age,
has ever had to contend against the resistance of Boston. If American liberty, if American law, if American patriotism, has been made wider in its dominion, securer in its footing, nobler in its promise, Boston has had its share in the whole; and in one sense Boston is still, in the great and noble sense of moral and intellectual influence, upon which all things hang in this free country of ours, Boston, without much exaggeration, may be said to be still what Cotton Mather said it was, — "the great metropolis of the whole English America."