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Mr. Evarts' remarks were received with great applause, and his local allusions were highly appreciated.
The Mayor then presented Hon. ('HARLES DEVENS, AttorneyGeneral of the United States, who spoke as follows:
ADDRESS OF HOX. CHARLES DEVESS.
I am very glad, Mr. Mayor and fellow-citizens, to be here upon this interesting occasion which celebrates the emigration from the northern bank of the Charles river to the settlement in this city. I cannot claim, with my friend who has just addressed you, to have been born within the ancient limits of Boston; but I was born within the town of Charlestown, which Boston now includes. In the fables of mythology, which you and I, Mr. Mayor, learned when we studied our Latin and Greek together at Cambridge, the god Saturn was said to have devoured his own children. In this case the fable is reversed; for the daughter has devoured her own mother, and both daughter and mother are doing extremely well.
It is not alone the little event of crossing that channel to make this small settlement here, which became almost immediately the chief town of the province, and the chief town of New England, that you celebrate. It is the founding of a State, and it is the men who did that act whom you meet to commemorate to-morrow. Certainly no event in history could be more interesting than the foundation of these States. In Lord Bacon's essay upon honors and dignities he places at the head of those entitled to honor, « The Founders of States.” Of this fame the founders of this city and State were eminently worthy. They were a noble, great, ‘and manly race of men. We have been too much accustomed, I think, sometimes in the change of manners that has taken place, to speak of them with their limitations and deficiencies; and sometimes by elaborating these we draw them out of true perspective when compared with their real character and great virtues. The discoverer of America bore the proud motto, " To Castile and Leon a new world gave
Colon.” These men are entitled to a prouder motto. They gave a new world to mankind when they laid the foundations of a State here dedicated to civil and religious liberty. Connected with this important anniversary are many interesting events, which are dated from the same anniversary, which will more appropriately, I doubt not, be the subject of our address to-morrow. It was early seen that the union of these colonies was essential to their safety, and in 1643 there was formed the first confederation of the four New England colonies,- Massachusetts, Plymouth, New Haven, and Connecticut, — and John Winthrop, whose statue you have reared to-day, was its first President. Here was the germ of that mighty union whose gateways are to-day on the Atlantic and Pacific seas.
It is an interesting fact, also, that while that event occurred on the 17th of September, 1643, the day upon which the Constitution of the United States was finally agreed upon and promulgated to the people of the States for their acceptance was also the 17th of September. Assuredly no event could be greater than this; when we remember how hard and difficult it is to reap the results of a great popular movement; when we remember how difficult it is to bring into a compact form the results of a revolution; when we see how completely that was done in the Constitution of the United States, - no coincidence could be more interesting than the fact that the anniversary of the day upon which that was done is also the anniversary of the settlement of this city. We that have known the blessings of that Constitution; we that have seen its vast power of expansion, as State after State has come within its limits, from regions which were
then but wildernesses; we who have seen its capacity to vindicate itself in the wildest storms of civil commotion, — may surely remember with gratitude that this anniversary, which to-morrow we are to celebrate, is also the anniversary of the formation of the Constitution of the United States. In remembrance of all the prosperity that has come to this country, in gratitude for all the prosperity of this great and widely extended city, no prayer can be more appropriate than that the same powerful Hand which sustained our fathers may extend its protection over us and those who are to come after us.
Hon. CHARLES R. Ray, Mayor of St. John, N.B., was next introduced, and said:
ADDRESS OF HON. CHARLES R. RAY.
Mr. Mayor, Ladies and Gentlemen, The very kind and courteous invitation which was extended to me, as chief magistrate of the City of St. John, to be present and participate in the celebration of the founding of Boston two hundred and fifty years ago, is appreciated by my fellow-citizens; and the City Council, as their representative body in session convened, deemed it their duty, and with evident pleasure and gratification, to present to you, Mr. Mayor, through me, a series of resolutions in testimony of the high respect and admiration they entertain for the citizens of Boston; and on their behalf, as well as my own, I thank you, honored sir, and the members of the several committees of your City Government, for the distinguished honor accorded to me in being one of the guests of the City of Boston on this interesting occasion. I have now the pleasure of presenting you, Mr. Mayor, with the resolutions from the City Government of St. John, N.B.: –
CITY OF St. John,
DOMINION OF CANADA.
On motion of Mr. ALDERMAN SKINNER, seconded by Mr. ALDERMAN DUFFELL, the following resolution was unanimously adopted :
" Whereas, His Worship the Mayor has informed this Council that the City of Boston has extended to him an invitation to be present at the celebration, on the seventeenth day of September instant, of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the settlement of Boston, and to accept the hospitalities of the City of Boston on that occasion ;
“ And whereas, the citizens of St. John remember with the warmest feelings of gratitude and satisfaction the large-hearted and generous manner in which the people of Boston, during the unprecedented calamity that fell upon this city three years ago, came to the relief of those who temporarily required assistance ;
" And whereas, by reason of the intimate social and commercial relations existing between citizens of St. John and the large number of persons now residing in Boston who first had their homes in New Brunswick, and in recognition of the high literary position attained by the City of Boston, and the many evidences it presents of an elevated civilization, and of the fact that the citizens of Boston have from the beginning stood in the van of those who have widened the area of human liberty, it is most seemly that this city should with alacrity avail itself of the present auspicious opportunity of adding its tribute of respect to a people who are fulfilling in so noble a way, as are the citizens of Boston, duties that make the future so hopeful to all who believe in he elevation of our race,
6. Therefore, resolved, That His Worship be requested to accept the invitation, and to convey to the Mayor and City Council of Boston the congratulations of the people of St. John, upon the fact that Boston has arrived at its two hundred and fiftieth anniversary, and presents so many and varied elements that promise for it a future which will not only keep it an honor to its own nation, but make men everywhere look to it with pride because of the great possibilities it continually shows are within the reach of all people ; and that, while so presenting the congratulations of our city, His Worship be also requested to make manifest to the City of Boston that the citizens of St. John are desirous that both countries will in future see their way clear to widen rather than narrow the channels of trade between them, and to show that whilst the past demonstrates the capacity of each country to be prosperous independently of the other, yet the higher points of success cannot be brought within the reach of all until our mutual trade shall have as full a share of freedom as is now enjoyed by the citizens of both countries."
[Extract from the Minutes.] Given under the Common Seal of the City of St. John and the hand of the Mayor the said fourteenth day of September, A D. 1880. [SEAL.]
CHARLES R. RAY,
Mayor. By order of the Common Council.
B. LESTER PETERS,
Mr. Mayor, reference has been made, in the greeting which I bear from the City Government of St. John, to the generosity and whole-souled aid which the citizens of Boston rendered to the inhabitants of our city in their distress and affliction, made by the fire of June 20th, 1877. I cannot forego the opportunity personally of thanking you, Mr. Mayor, for the prompt and energetic action taken by you; for no sooner had information of the calamity reached you than a despatch was received by my predecessor, the late Mayor: "What can be done?” and, in characteristic keeping with the past record of Boston, you at once summoned a public meeting, and then the generous impulses of your citizens gave vent in cheerful and liberal assistance, as they always do when the call for help is made, from whatever land, and always meet with a generous response. I would be recreant in my duty, and to the trust reposed in me, should I forget, on this evening, to tender on behalf of my countrywomen, which I do with the utmost respect and consideration, the lively and warm affec