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BOOK

BY

HUTTON WEBSTER, Ph.d.

PROFESSOR IN THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA

"The most ingenious and the most eloquent
of modern historical discourses can after all
be nothing more than a comment on a text."

— E. A. Freeman, Methods of Historical Study

D. C. HEATH AND CO., PUBLISHERS

BOSTON NEW YORK CHICAGO

Webster's Ancient History

From prehistoric times to the Age of Charlemagne

Webster's Medieval and Modern History

From the fall of Rome to the present

Webster's Early European History

From prehistoric times to the seventeenth century

Webster's Modern European History

From the Age of Louis XIV to the present a year's course

Webster's European History
Part I—Ancient Times

Ancient history and civilization

Part H—Medieval and Early Modern Times

From the fall of Rome to the seventeenth century

.: .-. Part HI^-Mpdern Times -. --, • .- ;. 'i-"'.

'. FjDin;tne Age ol Loup XlV toHho preSen^: ,a iiriaf cdursg"

Webster's Readings in Ancient History

Webster's Readings in Medieval and Modern History

Webster's Historical Source Book

471139

COPYRIGHT, 192O

BY D. C. HEATH & CO.

2KO

PREFACE

My Readings in Ancient History and Readings in Medieval and Modern History, published some years ago, were intended to provide high-school students of history with a considerable body of narrative and biographical material, for use in connection with their textbook. I now put forth this third volume of thirty-three documents. All but the first two relate to the seventeenth, eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth-centuries.

Two principal motives have dictated the selection of these particular documents, out of the hundreds which might have been chosen. First, I wished to exhibit the historical development in England and America, and later on the Continent, of orderly, constitutional, and democratic government. From this point of view, an intimate acquaintance with Magna Carta, the Petition of Right, the Bill of Rights, the Declaration of Independence, the Northwest Ordinance, the Constitution of the United States, and the Declaration of the Rights of Man is of supreme value to every intelligent American citizen. Second, I wished to trace the growth of international law and of international relations, generally, as registered in such state papers as the Monroe Doctrine, the Durham Report, the Declaration of Paris, the Peace Circular of Nicholas II, and the Covenant of the League of Nations. Few at this time will deny their epoch-making significance for mankind.

It is not expected that every student will read every document. A proper choice must be made by the teacher, in accordance with the scope and character of her instruction and the maturity of her class. Moreover, some of the longer documents (especially Nos. i, 5, 6, 7, -9, 13, and 14) will doubtless never be read in extenso. To facilitate omissions and to aid in the comprehension of the subject matter, I have retained the numbered articles and sections appearing in many of the documents and elsewhere have myself supplied them.

The documents are- reprinted in their original form without verbal change. No omissions have been made, except as indicated. Spelling, capitalization, and punctuation have been modernized

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