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national debt and the tax structure. I Today it is my privilege to propose ap- authorize the President of the United have felt that the taxpayer and the Con- propriate recognition for an American States to award to Dr, Seagrave, in gress have an incomplete idea of the citizen who has devoted 40 years of his the name of Congress, a gold medal. I actual Federal debt. This criticism has life and medical talents to the peoples of ask consent that the joint resolution be been answered by stating that the Fed- southeast Asia. Meaningful dedication held at the desk for 1 week, should other eral taxing power puts the entire re- to the cause of better health combined Members desire to cosponsor. sources of the Nation behind a Federal with the recognition of the needs for the The ACTING PRESIDENT pro temobligation, so that irrespective of the total man, both body and soul, has been pore. The joint resolution will be resize of a Federal obligation, there is no successfully provided by this U.S. physi- ceived and appropriately referred; and, question that it will be paid on time. cian known to millions as the Burma without objection, the joint resolution But I believe that good financial plan- surgeon, Dr. Gordon S. Seagrave.
will be held at the desk, as requested by ning calls for an examination of the size The son of Christian missionaries, Dr. the Senator from Michigan, of the Government's obligations at any Seagrave was born in 1897 in Rangoon, The joint resolution (S.J. Res. 131) to one time so that preparation can be made Burma. He was graduated from Denison authorize the President of the United for payment. The reporting of the stat- University and the Johns Hopkins School States to award a medal to Dr. Gordon utory debt is covered in daily statements of Medicine. Upon completing his in- S. Seagrave, introduced by Mr. HART (for of the Treasury. Real estate liabilities ternship in the States, he, with his wife himself and other Senators), was refor leases and other transactions are and young daughter, returned to his ceived, read twice by its title, and represently reported to the Senate Appro- birthplace, Burma, to begin his life work
birthplace, Burma, to begin his life work ferred to the Committee on Banking and priations Committee, so although I in- of skillfully ministering to the Burmese Currency. cluded these in my previous bills, I am
people. leaving it out of this bill. The reporting
Situated in the remote Kamkham hills of the contingent liabilities of the Gov- of northern Burma, about 2 miles from BERLIN CRISIS AND SALE OF WHEAT ernment, the obligations for which the Communist China, Dr. Seagrave has
TO SOVIET UNION public looks to the National Government built a complete medical center, in which as a source of strength is not now ade- approximately 10,500 outpatients and Mr. DODD. Mr. President, I submit, quately reported. I have in mind the 6,000 inpatients are treated each year. for appropriate reference, a resolution Government corporations and trust Beginning with one wooden shack, his stating it to be the sense of the Senate funds, the insurance and annuity obliga- facilities, which are supported by con
that the administration should suspend tions of the Government where the per- tributions from the United States, have the current negotiations for the sale of son holding an annuity or insurance grown to include four hospital buildings, wheat to the Soviet Union until the Socommitment from the Government looks staff houses, a nurses' residence, a labo- viets cease their campaign of provocato the taxpayer in the long run as the ratory, and a storage house.
tions and harassments on the Berlin source of strength from which the obli- Significant in Dr. Seagrave's work has autobahn, gation will be paid. More complete re
been the establishment of a difficult 442- The resolution also urges that, if this porting is desirable in these fields.
year course in elementary medicine, ob- measure proves inadequate to bring the I believe that good financial planning stetrics, and nursing for Burmese young
stetrics, and nursing for Burmese young Soviets to their senses, the United States must take all these factors into account. women. Upon graduation these nurses, should ask for an emergency session of This is especially important in a Congress numbering more than 700 since 1923, as- the NATO council to consider the suswhere we are considering a major change
sist Dr. Seagrave and train village women pension of all shipments to the Soviet in our tax structure and in which we may
to work in health centers located in Union of machine tools and other industake up the important question of medi- Burma's most remote areas.
trial equipment by the NATO nations cal care for the aged.
With his nurses, Dr. Seagrave took acting in concert. I have called for these reports semi- frontline duty with the Allied forces Finally, the resolution urges that, if annually, but perhaps annually will be during the Second World War, marching
during the Second World War, marching the negotiations for the sale of wheat to sufficient. I hope very much that the with Gen. Joseph Stilwell and his troops
with Gen. Joseph Stilwell and his troops the Soviet Union are pursued, the United Finance Committee, to whom this bill
through the jungle during retreat and States should make respect for the will be referred, will consider this as
back again during the recovery by the existing covenants on Berlin one of the either a possible amendment to the
pend- Allies. Throughout the world Dr. Sea- conditions of the sale. ing legislation adjusting the statutory
grave was renowned for his outstanding Mr. President, I consider it intolerable national debt or to the pending tax leg- service in the China-Burma-India thea
service in the China-Burma-India thea- that we should be undertaking to feed islation if it does not appear feasible to ter. Upon return to his adopted home in and to finance the Soviet Government report it as a bill directly to the Senate. Burma, however, he was personally at the very moment when this govern
struck with the ravages of the war-the ment is engaging in the most dangerous I ask that the bill be appropriately struck with the ravages of the war—the referred.
Japanese had bombed out his prized hos- kind of restricted military action against The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tempital unit.
the United States and its allies on the pore. The bill will be received and ap
Dr. Seagrave, now 66 years of age and autobahn to Berlin. propriately referred.
often ailing himself, has rebuilt his med- The situation on the autobahn is
ical unit and continues his daily work of enough. Because they refuse to disThe bill (S. 2281) to clarify the com
ministering to his fellow men. These mount and be counted, American soldiers ponents of, and to assist in the man
many activities have raised the health have for more than 48 hours now been agement of, the national debt and the
standards in Burma and perhaps most surrounded and immobilized in their tax structure, introduced by Mr. SALTON
significant, provide an excellent example trucks. But this situation, in my opinSTALL, was received, read twice by its title,
of American dedication to freedom and ion, is compounded many times over if, and referred to the Committee on
concern for our less fortunate brothers. at the very moment the Soviets engage Finance.
It appears appropriate, for this reason, in this crude provocative action, we sit
for us, the American people, tangibly to at the conference table with them to AWARD OF MEDAL TO DR. GORDON recognize the accomplishments of this negotiate the sale of wheat which they S. SEAGRAVE
physician and surgeon by providing a desperately require.
medal for him-a medal to symbolize It is again compounded if, in our great Mr. HART. Mr. President, we rightly our appreciation to him and the many anxiety to sell them this wheat, at a are proud of American persons industri- others now.operating in his footsteps of subsidized price, after lending them the ously working throughout the world to American humanitarian service abroad. money with which to buy it and guaranbetter the living conditions of their
Today, November 5, 1964, is the 40th teeing the loan, we offer concession after neighbors, and at the same time provid- anniversary of the start of Dr. Sea- concession, asking no concessions in reing living example of the meaning of our grave's mission to Burma. On behalf of turn, and apparently disregarding new American freedoms. Without doubt, myself, Senator CLARK, Senator COOPER,
myself, Senator CLARK, Senator COOPER, and deliberate acts of Soviet aggression these persons provide us with one of our Senator DOUGLAS, Senator MORSE, and in Berlin, in Vietnam, in Laos, and at most potent weapons against commu- Senator SALTONSTALL, I introduce for ap- other points. For all this, we have only nism and its tenets.
propriate reference, a joint resolution to ourselves to blame.
I submit the resolution because I be- penetrating within the 3-mile limit, and FEDERAL SERVICE PROCUREMENT lieve the time has come to put an end have torn up the crab traps of Alaskan
ACT-ADDITIONAL COSPONSORS to these provocative situations, which fishermen, traps which costs from $200
OF BILL very definitely threaten the peace of the to $250 apiece, practically putting the world, by using the tremendous food sur, crab fishermen out of business.
Under authority of the order of the pluses, and the economic and political Although the United States to date Senate of October 24, 1963, the names of leverage with which they endow us, in has taken no effective action to stop this Mr. ALLOTT, Mr. BYRD of Virginia, Mr. the interests of peace and freedom.
kind of aggressive, ruthless performance, CURTIS, Mr. DIRKSEN, Mr. DOMINICK, Mr. President, I ask that the resolu- I shall not suggest that the crab trap Mr. HICKENLOOPER, Mr. HOLLAND, Mr. tion remain at the desk for 10 days, to situation be added to the Senator's res- LAUSCHE, Mr. LONG
LAUSCHE, Mr. LONG of Missouri, Mr. enable Senators to join as cosponsors, if olution, because to do so might confuse MECHEM, Mr.Moss, Mr. MUNDT, Mr. RANthey so desire.
the issue. Nevertheless, it is pertinent DOLPH, Mr. SIMPSON, Mr. SYMINGTON, and The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem- to raise the issue at this time as another Mr. TOWER were added as additional copore. The resolution will be received example of the Russian failure to adopt sponsors of the bill (S. 2254) to require and appropriately referred; and, with- any methods which would lead to an the procurement of certain services by out objection, the resolution will be encouragement of the belief that perhaps Government agencies from commercial printed in the RECORD, and held at the the cold war was becoming a little less suppliers whenever economy will result desk, as requested by the Senator from severe.
from such procurement, introduced by Connecticut.
Mr. DODD. I thank the Senator from Mr. BENNETT on October 24, 1963. The resolution (S. Res. 223) was re- Alaska for his statement. It is imporferred to the Committee on Foreign Rela- tant and significant that the crab fishtions, as follows:
ing industry in Alaska is so badly af- ROLLING DICE FOR OUR SURVIVAL Whereas the Soviet Union has in recent fected. All these incidents are related
Mr. SPARKMAN. Mr. President, for weeks subjected American and Allied con- to one another. Our difficulty has been thousands of years brave men have given voys on the Berlin autobahn to repeated and to minimize each one, taken by itself. their blood and their lives in the unendhumiliating harassments, culminating in the The tendency has been to ask: What dif, ing struggle for freedom. stoppage and encirclement of an American ference does it make if the Russians hold sacrifices multiplied mankind's pass
Their great convoy for the past forty-eight hours; and
up our troops on the autobahn? What ports to lands of liberty where human Whereas the present harassment and pre
difference does it make if the Russians dignity and opportunity gave meaning vious harassments constitute flagrant violations of solemn covenants assuring unre
invade our fishing grounds? What dif- to life and living. stricted right-of-access to Berlin to the ference does it make if the Russians do
This freedom is menaced, and for 24 Western Allies; and
this, that, or the other? But taken toWhereas these harassments have coincided gether, all the incidents are a part of have been sounded to alert us to our
years eloquent pleas and timely warnings in point of time with the current negotia- a planned, aggressive course of conduct dangers. One of the most eloquent of tions for the sale of some millions of tons of American wheat to the Soviet Union: Now, against the United States and the rest
these appeals appeared in the Washingof the free world. therefore, be it
ton Post on October 8, 1963, as an ediResolved, That it is the sense of the Senate
A few days ago, when the Russians torial advertisement by Mr. A. N. Spanel, that the United States should suspend such first interrupted our troop movement on founder and chairman of International negotiations so long as the Soviets continue the autobahn, it was said that it was the Latex Corp., and presented in the public their provocations and harassments on the act of some overzealous Soviet officer. interest. It is a dramatic appeal to Berlin autobahn; and be it further
I said on the floor of the Senate that I reason, rallying free men and their naResolved, That if the harassments con- did not believe it was. I do not know tions to resolve their differences and voltinue, despite the suspension of negotiations how anyone else who has made any effort untarily unite to forge their strengths to on the sale of wheat, the United States to understand communism and the tacshould ask for an emergency session of the
save the earth and our way of life on it. NATO Council to consider the suspension of tics of the Soviets can believe it. Rus
The article proposes a plan of action all shipments to the Soviet Union of ma
sian officers do not act on their own imchine tools and other industrial equipment pulses. They would have been scared by free world statesmen.
that merits most careful consideration by the NATO nations, acting in concert; and to take such a chance or to attempt to
Mr. President, my insertion of this be it further
do any such thing. Such orders come article in the Record should not be reResolved, That, if the negotiations for the from the highest authority in the Krem- garded as my endorsement of everything sale of wheat to the Soviet Union are pur- lin. Yet we sit by like boobs and make advocated in it; but the article provokes sued, the United States Government should,
excuses for their ruthless, inexcusable thinking, and, therefore, I ask unanias one of the conditions of the sale, seek a formula that will assure respect for existing conduct toward us.
mous consent that it be printed in the covenants guaranteeing Western access to
RECORD, in connection with my remarks. Berlin, and that will assure the city of Berlin
AMENDMENT OF FOREIGN ASSIST- There being no objection, the article and the Western Allies against any repetition of the Soviet provocations and harassments ANCE ACT OF 1961_AMENDMENTS was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, of recent weeks.
(AMENDMENT NO. 305)
as follows: Mr. GRUENING. Mr. President, will Mr. SIMPSON submitted an amend
ROLLING DICE FOR OUR SURVIVAL the Senator from Connecticut yield? ment (No. 305), intended to be proposed
It is a time for mourning when mature Mr. DODD. I yield to the Senator by him, to the bill (H.R. 7885) to amend nations large and small, committed to freefrom Alaska.
further the Foreign Assistance Act of dom, drift toward the quicksands of disunity Mr. GRUENING. I have listened
listened 1961, as amended, and for other purposes, It is a time for sackcloth and ashes when with much sympathy to the proposal of which was ordered to lie on the table and free people traditionally allied, provoke each the distinguished Senator from Connect- to be printed.
other to turn away from their sworn unity, icut. Shortly before he came to the Mr. MORSE submitted an amendment destined in this weakness to face the merciChamber, I referred to this new act of (No. 306), intended to be proposed by less enemy that patiently waits for the kill. Soviet aggression as a keen disappoint- him, to House bill 7885, supra, which Today, the very climate of liberty is contami
nated with vituperative recriminations. In ment to those who had hoped that after was ordered to lie on the table and to be
an atomic age free nations stand naked, the signing of the test ban treaty there printed.
tempting nuclear conquest unless they are would be a relaxation of tensions in the Mr. LAUSCHE submitted an amend- rooted in that unshakable unity where all cold war, and that we might look for ment (No. 307), intended to be proposed their divers strengths are coordinated and other acts that would indicate a depar- by him, to House bill 7885, supra, which ever ready. Surely, no free world leaders ture from the declared purpose of was ordered to lie on the table and to be would want history to record that they Premier Khrushchev to "bury" us. Un- printed.
rolled dice for our survival. Can it be, then, fortunately, the actions in Berlin show Mr. SIMPSON submitted amendments, blinding that the heads of states in our
that wealth, power, or complacency are so quite the opposite.
(No. 308), intended to be proposed by threatened Western civilization fail to see I added that a similar situation exists him, to House bill 7885, supra, which the myopic courses they pursue? in Alaska, where recently the Russians were ordered to lie on the table and to be
This planet is doomed when dominant have been invading our fishing grounds, printed.
leaders of our world act not to strengthen their common bonds and interests, but rely that folly to the point of chain reaction, Let Khrushchey make no mistake more on the false hopes of some magic politi- politically.
about it. We have not softened our decal transformation from the current Sino
ISOLATIONISM MEANS BEING ISOLATED termination to hold our ground firmly Russia rift. They do not seem to grasp that both these dinosaurs sense that the only prey
Unless this condition is quickly cured, un
and resolutely in West Berlin and not to they can have at little or no cost is the weak
less France becomes a full partner in the al- yield in any measure to Communist ened free world torn by fuming disunity,
liance, the French position will continue to pressures and demands. and the distrust of each other to such irra
harden into a species of isolationism, or be- The time is past due for us to tolerate tional levels that friend cannot be distin
come isolated, with dire consequences both to guished from foe. How much longer must we
herself and the free world. The ambiguity any further arbitrary action by the Ruscontinue proving, "Whom the gods would
of the French role in NATO may lead to å sians in blocking U.S. Army convoys destroy, they first make mad”?
complete alienation, again with disastrous seeking to enter West Berlin through results for the entire free world.
Soviet controlled checkpoints. We have SAYING OUR WAY OF LIFE
More than ever before, France needs a sat- been paying the penalty for ineptitude It is the time for reawakening, reappraisal, isfying sense of belonging to the Atlantic and failure on the part of Generals repair, and reconciliation. The time is now, community. More than ever before the true Eisenhower, Clay, and others in 1945 in or an abyss. It is the moment of truth and unity of the free world must be confirmed failing to spell out in writing American decision for freedom on earth and the cease- and fortified. And the primary responsibility less struggle to keep it alive. Voltaire en- rests with Washington. We have no alterna- rights to entry and exit into and from couraged
free men to continue to hope when tive in logic, or in terms of rock bottom self- West Berlin over East German territory. he said, "This is the character of truth; it is interest but to recognize that France by its At that time our generals trusted the for all men, it has only to show itself to be own efforts and despite American indiffer- Communists. recognized, and one cannot argue against it. ence, now ranks as a nuclear power.
Soviet troops have blocked our conA long dispute means that both parties are
FIGURES SPEAK LOUDER THAN GENERALITIES voys, insisting that soldiers dismount for wrong." Neither perpetuation of error nor face
A simple analysis of the problem reveals a head count. We refused. This situasaying, and certainly not cunning, can save
that even 4 years hence the United States tion is at a stalemate. Here is further or heal our ills. We must begin anew, with
and Russia will probably possess 952 effort of Khrushchev to throw us off baldignity and honor as befits great nations.
percent of the world's atomic arsenal; with ance. We agreed last October that conFor never have allied people been served by England, as now, 2 percent; and France 2
voys with more than 30 passengers, exepithets, newspaper diplomacy, opportunispercent, leaving China a possible one-half
cluding drivers and assistant drivers, tic politics, frenzied flag-waying or the uni
percent. In short, France will attain a modlateral pronouncements inspired more by
est atomic vitality commensurate with her would dismount to be counted. In this might than right, in willfulness instead of needs in the hierarchy of nations. How latest incident, only 20 of the 44 men cooperation.
much better that this now be done with our were passengers in the 12 vehicles. We therefore urge upon the heads of com- generous cooperation.
If this Communist aggression conmitted free nations, initially the United
It is not too late. We can still save French tinues, tanks or heavily armed soldiers States, France, England, and Germany, to
people of all classes from their backbreak- should directly precede our convoys. Let call an extraordinary four-part meeting to
ing burden of spending additional thousands be held within the next 4 months in Washof millions of dollars in needlessly duplicat- Cleveland Browns does against oppo
us barrel through, like Jim Brown of the ington, Paris, London, and Bonn; thereafter ing our already proved technology of conin the capitals of the other committed free trolled, nuclear fission and fusion.
nents—thus demonstrating to the Soviets nations. The diversity of sites for such mo
Does the free world have many alterna
that they are wrong in their claim that mentous assemblies will create new hope tives? Dealing with the Kremlin may be but Soviet authorities, not Allied authorities, and confidence in the hearts of people most another exercise in fanning hopes and wish- determine convoy procedures. of whom have witnessed in bewilderment ful thinking; but with our Allies in wisdom This action by the Soviets has been and fear the creeping disintegration of the united and unshakable, we might save this humiliating to the United States and to alliance. planet and ourselves from destruction.
the officers and men of our Armed Forces. Let allied unity be heralded as the full In the world we cherish, our alliance even
Let us take determined and resolute purpose of this meeting; and that only mu- in its present disarray, has more planes of tually arrived at steps will be taken toward agreement than disagreement which is nat
action, as was done by our President last its achievement. Whatever else the agenda ural among free people. But the disunities October. The Communists have no right may comprise, it must include the vital mat- no longer leave margin for corroding delays, to control Americans or to humiliate our ter of communication between member na- least of all for self-righteousness or smug- soldiers. tions. For in political and diplomatic prob- ness. We have no choice but to get together; The Russians are fully informed as lems common to the nations of the free and we know no more promising start than to the number of men and vehicles in a world, it is compelling upon us—and no less promptly calling the urged extraordinary convoy. If a show of force does not get upon every one of our allies—to steer courses alliance meeting. arrived at on the basis of continuous con- Freedom's cause cries for remedial action us through, then let us use force and sultation. Merely to inform one another now, not tomorrow!
without delay. after the fact, or even to notify allies before
Let us place some of our mechanized the fact that we shall act unilaterally, is a
might ahead of our convoys and proceed caricature of the principle of unity. It has
without submitting to intolerable delays only led to the confused, disoriented and
THE BERLIN BLOCKADE
and stoppages. Further, I hope that our ineffective policies that too often characterized the free world nations individually
Mr. YOUNG of Ohio. Mr. Presi- President will direct Ambassador Foy and collectively. dent
Kohler to make firm, determined and CONTINUOUS CONSULTATION:
The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. IN- resolute representations to Khrushchev
QUYE in the chair). The Senator from to cease these procedures “or else.” Am-
bassador Kohler, a native of Ohio, is a its aggregate strength and create disciplined
Mr. YOUNG of Ohio. Mr. President, fine representative of the United States. agencies for consultation, not for moments an aggravating situation has developed We may have confidence that he is no of crisis and panic but on a continuing basis, in Berlin, which we Americans must not appeaser. especially in the formulation of common, and will not tolerate. For the third time considered foreign policy. Such consulta- in less than a month, Soviet troops have tion is only possible between free nations; blocked a U.S. Army convoy on the auto- TRIBUTE TO SENATOR JORDAN OF
IDAHO The agenda must embrace the atomic bahn, the highway from West Germany question and membership of France in the to Berlin. On the other occasions, this Mr. SIMPSON. Mr. President, the nuclear club. The hour is late and France action was looked upon by some as a junior Senator from Idaho (Mr. JORDAN), continues to react sharply to its own and the misunderstanding or mistake on the part a gentleman for whom I have a deep perfree world's peril to every maneuver of dis- of junior Russian officers. We can no sonal regard, was honored last Sunday paragement or downgrading. The atomic longer consider this arbitrary action to by an excellent and comprehensive story problem transcends the mere making of be the result of a mere misundertanding. in the Chicago Tribune. bombs; for nuclear energy in peaceful and
In light of the recent limited test ban military uses has become the symbol and
Author of the 1,500-word article, Tribsubstance of strength in today's world. treaty approved by both the United une Correspondent Willard Edwards, France had no alternative but to reach for it. States and the Soviet Union, it is deeply painted a graphic picture of the struggle
For Washington to have denied France in disappointing that this opportunity for a of the Senator from Idaho through the the past while favoring England was folly; lessening of tension may now result in difficult depression days as a rancher in to continue to neglect her now is to carry the cold war becoming hotter.
Idaho's Hells Canyon, his college days, his service to the State of Idaho—where ber 20, the Senate was alerted to a keen new pire. He became foreman, handled financial he served as Governor for the single term intellect in its midst when JORDAN arose to details for the owner, and was on his way to allowed at that time by the Idaho conannounce his position.
higher things when the 1929 stock market stitution—and followed him through im
He was not, he noted, a member of either crash instigated the depression which cripportant Government posts held in the the Senate Foreign
Relations or Armed Serv- pled the national economy.
The livestock industry was crushed like early days of the Eisenhower administra- hearings on the treaties. In his study of all others. By 1932, JORDAN, now married tion.
1,000 pages of testimony, he had decided to and the father of three children, was earning Not only did Correspondent Edwards employ an unusual method—to take only $100 a month and keep. The bank, which pay tribute to the acumen, sagacity, and the arguments of supporters of the pact and held his small savings, failed. The future intellect of my close personal friend, the analyze them, ignoring the claims of its was bleak. Senator from Idaho (Mr. JORDAN], but opponents.
At this point, a Portland bank, aware of he also pointed out that "the woman
When he had finished, puncturing the his background and experience, offered him
claims of the treaty advocates by quoting behind the man,” the Senator's lovely their own words, and announcing he would possession of sheep ranch in the shadow of
a challenging operation. It had come into wife, Grace Edgington Jordan, found vote against the treaty, Senator CARL CURTIS, Hell's Canyon. Its $50,000 investment in time to write three popular books about Republican, of Nebraska, was moved to a rare this property seemed doomed. her experiences in Hells Canyon while tribute.
“Go in there and operate it, get our money keeping a household for her husband and “I think,” CURTIS said, "that I have never with interest back, and the place is yours," three fine children.
heard a more reasoned speech in my 25 years JORDAN was told. Mr. President, as a tribute to my long. in Congress. In a sense, it is unique.”
AWAY THEY GO WITH $20 time friend, the Senator from Idaho and
MAN OF PAINFUL RETICENCE
He didn't hesitate nor did his fair lady. his gracious wife, I ask unanimous con- Those who heard JORDAN speak knew what A sheep ranch, she opined, "was a pretty good sent that the Willard Edward's article CURTIS meant. The sheep rancher had a gift place to batten down and ride out the defrom the Chicago Tribune be printed in for simple logic and clarity not often dis- pression." By river packet, with a net total the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD at this point. played in the Senate. He demonstrated it, of $20 in cash but fortified by a zest for
adventure, the family of five made the way There being no objection, the article even more remarkably, in an analysis this
week of a complex issue-Federal versus to their future home-so isolated that radio was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, State jurisdiction in water development. could not penetrate the deep gorge in which as follows:
This is a subject of vital interest to the West. it was located. HELLS CANYON CARRIED TO SENATE ON WINGS JORDAN stripped it down to the bare bones of Their actual title was to 1,000 acres but
OF DEPRESSION-BUT JORDAN SAYS IT'S NOT comprehensibility for those to whom it had this land "controlled" a total of 17,000 acres WORTH STORY
hitherto been a dull and mystifying dispute. of Government range on which their 3,000 (By Willard Edwards)
He is a man of almost painful reticence sheep could graze. If used continuously and WASHINGTON, November 2.-Hells Canyon who was loath to talk about himself.
properly by the landowner, this range would is an awesome gash in the earth's surface, the
“Why write about me?” he asked. “My eventually belong to the deeded land and deepest on the North American Continent.
wife has the brains and beauty in this fam- could be transferred to a new owner if it ily. She's the story."
was sold. It lies on the Idaho-Oregon boundary where the Snake River carves a tortuous course
There is some substance to this conten
At the end of 10 years of backbreaking through wild country abounding in bear and
tion. Grace Edgington Jordan, to whom the struggle, the JORDANS had paid back the bank
Senator refers without embarrassment as its investment with interest. They had not cougar, coyotes, bobcats, and rattlesnakes. To a quiet man sitting in the rear row of
“my fair lady,” took three children, aged 6, only ridden out the depression but came out 3, and 7 months, into the wilderness in 1933,
of it with a foundation for future prosperity. the U.S. Senate, this forbidding territory was a refúge for 10 years, a place where he
They sold the ranch and bought another. gave them all their schooling for 10 years, and his family survived the depression of
ran a household with numerous boarders, in- JORDAN now has other interests, including a the thirties, emerging with clear title to a cluding assorted drifters, and found time to motor company, but denied great wealth. 17,000-acre sheep ranch. write a bestselling book about her expe
FOUGHT TO NAME TAFT riences. It was called "Home Below Hell's There are many surprises encountered in exploring the personalities and careers of Canyon” and is a revelation of frontier living remarked, “when I realized I could only eat
"'I quit trying to earn a million dollars,” he Members of the U.S. Senate. LEN B. in a modern day.
three meals a day and wear just so many JORDAN, Republican, of Idaho, is one of
VERY SOLID MAN, TOO
suits. I didn't want to change my living them. He talks little, dresses conservatively, Three other books have flowed from Mrs. habits." could be mistaken for a smalltown banker or
Jordan's typewriter but it is noteworthy that In 1947, the realization came that Idaho businessman of limited intellectual attain- her writing facility faltered in trying to de- had been good to him. The State needed ments.
scribe the husband-companion of those try roads and nobody was doing anything about ALMOST A HARVARD MAN
ing years. "Six feet tall, blue-eyed, and very it. He ran and was elected to the State He is, in fact, a unique combination of solid” was the best she could do.
legislature but suffered political defeat when manual and mental talents. A brilliant col- He was born 64 years ago in Mount Pleas- he sought reelection to a second term. lege student, Phi Beta Kappa and high hon- ant, Utah, in a mountain area which has He had his revenge in 1950 when, virtually ors, he seriously considered a fellowship at been called the Switzerland of America. His unknown to the professional politicians, he Harvard University and an academic career. father was a county judge, his mother a ran for Governor and was elected to a 4Instead, he chose the outdoors, became a schoolteacher, and he was good in his year term. His formula for success was simsheep and cattle foreman, was virtually studies, being graduated from high school ple—to meet personally every voter in a State destitute in 1933, took his wife and three when he was barely 16. But it was a large of tremendous distances with a population children into the wilderness and wrested family and there was no money for a college of about 700,000. The system demanded from it not only a living but the basis of a education. He worked on a ranch, then en- constant travel by plane, train, motor, and comfortable fortune.
listed in the Army at 18 when the United on foot but it worked. He is, almost certainly, the only Member of States entered World War I. He was com- As head of the Idaho delegation to the Rethe Senate who, in his spare hours when not missioned a second lieutenant of a machine- publican convention in 1952, he fought for supervising the rovings of 3,000 sheep on a gun company but never got overseas.
the nomination of the late Senator Robert A. mountain range, poured concrete and la- Back in civilian life at 20, a football Taft of Ohio. The victorious Dwight D. Eiboriously constructed improvements for a scholarship helped him work his way through senhower did not hold this against JORDAN rude home in a canyon where only wild ani- the University of Oregon. He was a 175- and summoned him to Washington after he mals had previously penetrated.
pound half back, "just a bread and butter completed his term as Governor. State law He has served in the Senate only 15 months, guy” who could block and tackle, and run. forbade a second term as Governor. originally by appointment to fill the vacancy He was also at the top of most of his classes,
SERVED ON IKE GROUPS left by the death of Senator Henry Dworshak, earned his Phi Beta Kappa key, and began to
He served as chairman of the U.S. delethen by election in November 1962, to the contemplate a teaching career, beginning gation of the International Joint Commisremaining 4 years of the term. A former with a fellowship at Harvard. He was saved
sion, working out agreements with Canada Governor of Idaho, he was the only Republic from this fate by a distaste for indoor life.
on power and water projects relating to the can winner in the contests for Idaho's two
GETS BANK'S PROPOSITION
St. Lawrence Seaway and the Columbia River Senate and two House seats.
“I loved the range," he remarked. "The Basin treaty. PUNCTURES A-PACT CLAIMS
confinement would have made me a poor He also went to Afghanistan as head of a Unlike some other Senate newcomers, he teacher.”
team of engineers and economists to survey attempted no flamboyant gestures to attract He began working with livestock on a reclamation and power projects and in 1958 publicity. His name did not appear in the ranch which stretched more than 50 miles served on the international development adWashington press. But during the debate along the Snake River. Twenty thousand visory board which explored the economic on the nuclear test ban treaty on Septem- sheep and 1,500 cattle roved this small em- aspects of foreign aid.
"I was rather fed up with Washington,” he smeared and not given a chance to de- tary of the Navy Kenneth E. BeLieu to confessed. “But when the opportunity came fend themselves, I supported the de- me. to return to the Senate, my wife and I worked mands of the sole survivor of the unions There being no objection, the letter like the devil. Now that I'm here, I find
was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, the Senate a real challenge. I'm not dis- for an investigation. turbed by the inactivity in this session. It's But the Navy Department opposed its as follows: just as well for the country that we haven't being investigated, as did Senator mem
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY, passed a lot of this legislation." bers of the Kennedy administration and
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, to this date, no investigation has been
Washington, D.C., November 4, 1963. conducted.
Hon. MARGARET CHASE SMITH,
MY DEAR SENATOR: This is in reply to your edification of my colleagues who may be made of the charges of the admirals that
letter of October 24, 1963, concerning assign
ment of nuclear submarine construction to eyeing the calendar and contemplating the workers “just won't work.” When the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. a hunting trip to some favorite fishing recently another nuclear submarine con- The Department of the Navy, through the hole, I should like to read a story which struction award was given to the Kit
Chief, Bureau of Ships, has the responsibilappeared in the Evening Star last night. tery Naval Shipyard, there were serious
ity to provide the operating forces with qualThe story datelined Riverton, Wyo., says, suspicions that an award to a shipyard shipyards are a portion of the Naval Estab
ity weapons at minimum cost. The naval and I quote: which had been characterized by the cog
lishment involved in the production of A new world's record for a golden trout is nizant officers of the Navy as a shipyard such weapons, but certainly neither they, nor being claimed by Haskell H. Reed, of River- of workers who “just won't work”-that anyone else, has an inherent right to exton, who landed a 1544-pounder from such an award could not be justified if cessive cost. Yet, for some time we have Washakie Lake in northwestern Wyoming's such charges were true. It cast a strong
been concerned over the competitive posiWind River Mountains.
tion of certain of the naval shipyards comMr. Reed hooked the large trout with a suspicion that such an award was on the gift-a small fresh water shrimp fly given basis of sheer politics and to that extent pared with private yards in the building of
new ships. This has come about for sevto him by a Riverton sporting goods dealer. created the Kittery Naval Shipyard in the
eral reasons, including the press of repair The trout measured more than 28 inches image of a “political shipyard.”
work and the accompanying requirements to long and 7 inches across the middle.
This I resented very much—not only be responsive to immediate fleet needs, some The Wyoming Game and Fish Department on behalf of the integrity and capability lag in improving management techniques,
certain differentials in employee benefits, and trout is an 11-pound 4-ounce fish taken of the workers at the Kittery Naval Ship
an attitude in some circles that work is asfrom Cook's Lake in Wyoming in 1948 by yard, but also because of the possible re
signed by political pressure rather than by C. S. Reed, Omaha, Nebr. flection on my own State of Maine.
So I made an issue of it with the SecBe assured that the old and the new
Over the past few years considerable ef
fort has been exerted, and I feel successrecords are merely indicative of the sport retary of the Navy and demanded an un
equivocal clarification of the Navy's of - fully, to install improved management techfishing to be found in Wyoming waters. ficial position on the “just won't work” niques in the naval shipyards and to proTwo big ones are gone, but many more
charge made by the two admirals. Re- mote a better spirit of cost consciousness remain. luctantly, the Navy has finally admitted
on the part of every shipyard employee. Wyoming is called the Equality State, that the statement made by the two ad,
It was just such an effort which was being but I hasten to assure my colleagues that mirals is not true and has now repudiated
made last summer at the meeting at which the fishing and hunting in Wyoming are that statement. In a letter dated No
the situation at the Portsmouth Yard was unequaled anywhere.
discussed. Remarks made by Navy officials vember 4, 1963, of Assistant Secretary during that meeting concerned the definite of the Navy, Installations and Logistics, need for improved performance at Ports
to me, the Navy Department states that mouth Naval Shipyard and were based on RETRACTION BY NAVY DEPART- the statement of “they just won't work”
cost returns for construction work by that MENT OF STATEMENT ABOUT is not a correct statement.
shipyard. In the course of the discussions,
comments were made such as the one to KITTERY NAVAL SHIPYARD, Furthermore, in that letter the Navy
which you refer in your letter. UnfortunateMAINE
Department acknowledges that any criti- ly, some of these remarks, taken by themMrs. SMITH. Mr. President, many cism of the Kittery Naval Shipyard was selves, have been subjected to various in
terpretations. Of course, "they just won't weeks ago at a regular open monthly not limited to just the workers but in
work” is not a correct statement when taken meeting of the Maine congressional dele- stead included "all levels of management gation attended by representatives of the and even with the Bureau of Ships.” literally. Suffice to say, however, that the
intent of the Navy officials at the meeting press as well as members of the Maine for all hands on the improvement of the The letter concludes with commendation
was to indicate that the productivity of the congressional delegation, the Chief of the
yard as a whole was below the standard Bureau of Ships of the Navy Department work at the Kittery Naval Shipyard.
desired, and that this was not the sole reand the Assistant Chief of the Bureau of
Mr. President, I am greatly gratified sponsibility of the labor force but also rested
to varying degrees with all levels of manthe Ships made unqualifiedly damaging with the Navy's repudiation of the ad
agement and even with the Bureau of Ships characterizations of the workers at the mirals' “just won't work” unjustified and
for not taking earlier and perhaps less drasKittery Naval Shipyard. unsubstantiated characterization of the
tic remedial action. The Navy officials' inThey said very flatly, without qualifi- workers at the Kittery Naval Shipyard
tent in this instance is fully supported by cations and without reservations that the even though I had to smoke the Navy out
the Department of the Navy. These officers workers at the Kittery Naval Shipyard on this. The vindication of the shipyard have the continuing responsibility-the ob“just won't work.” Very rightfully and workers comes a little late—but better ligation—to alert this yard (or any other very understandably, several of the late than never and even if reluctant. yard) to its status and to exhort personnel unions at the shipyard immediately de
I think it is about time that the Presi- to improved performance.
Since this meeting, gratifying progress has manded an investigation by the Senate dent kept the campaign promise that he
most certainly been made by all personnel Permanent Investigations Subcommittee made to the workers at the Kittery Na
at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. It was of these charges made by the two ad- val Shipyard more than 3 years ago in
this progress, coupled with the need to mainmirals. They made their demand be- 1960 when he promised that by Execu
tain a nuclear construction and related recause they wanted to have a right to de- tive order he would take them out of the pair capability at this highly important fend themselves. “second-class citizen” pay status under shipyard, which justified to us the assign
ment of an attack nuclear submarine. The But then fears arose as to what an in- which they are handicapped and put
workmen in Portsmouth have turned to us vestigation by the Senate Permanent In them on an equal basis with the workers
with determination to bring the performance vestigations Subcommittee might do. of the shipyard in his own hometown of And so all but one of the unions with- Boston.
of their yard up, and improvements are still
being made. It is my firm belief that perdrew the demand for an investigation. I ask unanimous consent to have print
formance on this latest attack nuclear subAfter having witnessed those days of the ed in the RECORD at this point the letter marine will demonstrate the results of this early fifties when accused people were of November 4, 1963, of Assistant Secre- past year's emphasis on improvement. I am