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out the objectives of this Act, or (C) any "(d) The term 'Federal share' means, in determines that there is satisfactory assurfacility used or to be used for sectarian the case of a project for an institution of ance that upon completion of the project instruction or as a place for religious wor- higher education other than a public com for which such assistance is requested, or ship, or (D) any facility which (although munity college or public technical institute, upon completion of that project and others not a facility described in the preceding a percentage (as determined under the ap under construction or planned and to be clause) is used or to be used primarily in plicable State plan) not in excess of 3343 commenced within a reasonable time, the connection with any part of the program of per centum of its development cost; and institution will meet such requirements; a school or department of divinity, or (E) such term means, in the case of a public and for the purposes of this paragraph the any facility used or to be used by a 'school community college or public technical in- Commissioner shall publish a list of nationof medicine,' 'school of dentistry,' 'school of stitute, 40 per centum of its development ally recognized accrediting agencies or asosteopathy,' 'school of pharmacy,' 'school of cost.
sociations which he determines to be reliable optometry, 'school of podiatry, 'school of “(e) The term 'higher education building authority as to the quality of education or nursing,' or 'school of public health,' as de agency' means (1) an agency, public au training offered. fined in section 724 of the Public Health thority, or other instrumentality of a State "(g) The term 'public community college Service Act. For the purposes of this sub authorized to provide, or finance the con and public technical institute' means an inparagraph, the term 'school or department struction of, academic facilities for institu stitution of higher education which is under of divinity' means an institution, or a de tions of higher education (whether or not public supervision and control and is orgapartment or branch of an institution, whose also authorized to provide or finance other
nized and administered principally to provide program is specifically for the education of facilities for such or other educational insti a two-year program which is acceptable for students to prepare them to become minis tutions, or for their students or faculty), full credit toward a bachelor's degree or a ters of religion or to enter upon some other or (2) any corporation (no part of the net two-year program in engineering, mathereligious vocation or to prepare them to teach earnings of which inures or may lawfully matics, or the physical or biological sciences theological subjects.
inure to the benefit of any private share which is designed to prepare the student to “(b) (1) The term 'construction' means (A) holder or individual) (A) established by an work as a technician and at a semiprofeserection of new or expansion of existing institution of higher education for the sole sional level in engineering, scientific, or other structures, and the acquisition and installa purpose of providing academic facilities for technological fields which require the undertion of initial equipment therefor; or (B)
the use of such institution, and (B) upon standing and application of basic engineeracquisition of existing structures not owned
dissolution of which all title to any property ing, scientific, or mathematical principles or by the institution involved; or (C) rehabili- purchased or built from the proceeds of any knowledge, and, if a branch of an institutation, alteration, conversion, or improve
loan made under title III of this Act will tion of higher education offering four or more ment (including the acquisition and installa pass to such institution.
years of higher education, is located in a tion of initial equipment, or modernization
“(f) The term 'institution of higher edu- community different from that in which its or replacement of built-in equipment) of cation' means an educational institution in parent institution is located. existing structures; or (D) a combination of any State which
"(h) The term 'cooperative graduate cenany two or more of the foregoing.
“(1) admits as regular students only in ter' means an institution, or program cre"(2) The term 'equipment includes, in dividuals having a certificate of graduation ated by two or more institutions of higher addition to machinery, utilities, and built-in from a high school, or the recognized equiv- education which will offer to the students equipment and any necessary enclosures or alent of such a certificate;
of the participating institutions of higher structures to house them, all other items
“(2) is legally authorized within such education graduate work which could not be necessary for the functioning of a particular State to provide a program of education be offered with the same proficiency and/or facility as an academic facility, including yond high school;
economy at the individual institution of necessary furniture, except books, curricular “(3) provides an educational program for higher education. The center may be located and program materials, and items of current which it awards a bachelor's degree, or pro
or the program carried out on the campus of operating expense such as fuel, supplies, and vides not less than a two-year program which
any of the participating institutions or at the like; the term 'initial equipment' means is acceptable for full credit toward such a
a separate location. equipment acquired and installed in con degree, or offers a two-year program in engi
"(i) The term 'cooperative graduate center nection with construction as defined in parneering, mathematics, or the physical or
board' means a duly constituted board es
tablished to construct and maintain the agraph (1) (A) or (B) of this subsection or, biological sciences which is designed to prein cases referred to in paragraph (1) (C), pare the student to work as a technician cooperative graduate center and coordinate equipment acquired and installed as part and at a semiprofessional level in engineer- academic programs. The board shall be
composed of representatives of each of the of the rehabilitation, alteration, conversion, ing, scientific, or other technological fields or improvement of an existing structure which require the understanding and ap
higher education institutions participating
in the center and of the community involved. which structure would otherwise not be ade- plication of basic engineering, scientific, or
At least one-third of the board's members quate for use as an academic facility; and mathematical principles or knowledge; the terms 'equipment, 'initial equipment,'
“(4) is a public or other nonprofit insti
shall be community representatives. The and 'built-in equipment' shall be more partution; and
board shall elect by a majority vote a chairticularly defined by the Commissioner by
“(5) is accredited by a nationally recog
man from among its membership. regulation. nized accrediting agency or association
“(1) The term 'high school' does not in"(c) The term 'development cost,' with listed by the Commissioner pursuant to this
clude any grade beyond grade 12.
“(k) The term 'nonprofit educational inrespect to an academic facility, means the paragraph or, if not so accredited, is an
stitution' means an educational institution amount found by the Commissioner to be institution whose credits are accepted, on the cost, to the applicant for a grant or loan
transfer, by not less than three institutions owned and operated by one or more corporaunder this Act, of the construction involved which are so accredited, for credit on the
tions or associations no part of the net earnand the cost of necessary acquisition of the
same basis as if transferred from an insti- ings of which inures, or may lawfully inure, land on which the facility is located and of tution so accredited: Provided, however, to the benefit of any private shareholder or
individual. necessary site improvements to permit its That in the case of an institution offering
"(1) The term 'public educational instiuse for such facility, but excluding any cost a two-year program in engineering, mathe
tution' does not include a school or instituincurred before, or under a contract entered matics, or the physical or biological sciences into before, the enactment of this Act.
which is designed to prepare the student to tion of any agency of the United States. There shall further be excluded from the work as a technician and at a semiprofes
“(m) The term 'State' includes, in addi
tion to the several States, the District of Codevelopment costsional level in engineering, scientific, or
lumbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, “(1) in determining the amount of any
technological fields which require the un
derstanding and application of basic grant under title I or II of this Act, an
the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American
or mathematical Samoa. amount equal to the sum of (A) any Federal engineering, scientific, grant which the institution has obtained, or
“Federal administration principles or knowledge, if the Commissi is assured of obtaining, under any law other
determines there is no nationally recog “SEC. 402. (a) The Commissioner may delethan this Act, with respect to the construc
nized accrediting agency or association qual- gate any of his functions under this Act, extion that is to be financed with the aid of a
ified to accredit such institutions, he shall, cept the making of regulations to any officer grant under title I or II of this Act, and (B) committee, composed of persons specially under section 402(c), appoint an advisory or employee of the Office of Education.
"(b) In administering the provisions of the amount of any non-Federal funds re
qualified to evaluate training provided by this Act for which he is responsible, the Comquired to be expended as a condition of such such institutions, which shall prescribe the missioner is authorized to utilize the services other Federal grant; and “(2) in determining the amount of any
standards of content, scope, and quality and facilities of any agency of the Federal
which must be met in order to qualify such Government and of any other public or nonloan under title III of this Act, an amount
institutions for assistance under this Act profit agency or institution in accordance equal to the amount of any Federal financial and shall also determine whether particular with appropriate agreements, and to pay for assistance which the institution has ob institutions meet such standards: Provided, such services either in advance or by way of tained, or is assured of obtaining, under any however, That the requirements of this reimbursement, as may be agreed upon. law other than this Act, with respect to the clause (5) shall be deemed to be satisfied in "(c) The Commissioner, with the approval construction that is to be financed with the the case of an institution applying for as of the Secretary of Health, Education, and aid of a loan under title III of this Act. sistance under this Act, if the Commissioner Welfare, may appoint one or more advisory
committees to advise and consult with the
“Method of payment
designed, and to be used only, for instrucCommissioner with respect to the adminis
"SEC. 405. Payments under this Act to any tion or research in the natural or physical tration of any of his functions under title I State or Federal agency, institution of higher sciences or engineering or for use as a lior III of this Act. Members of any such education, or any other organization, pur
brary. committee, while attending conferences or suant to a grant or loan, may be made in
The substitute agreed upon in conference meetings of the committee, shall be entitled installments, and in advance or by way of
limits construction (except in the case of to receive compensation at a rate to be fixed
reimbursement, with necessary adjustments public community colleges and public techby the Secretary of Health, Education, and on account of overpayments or underpay
nical institutes) to structures, or portions Welfare, but not to exceed $75 per diem, and ments.
thereof, especially designed for instruction while away from their homes or regular
or research in the natural or physical sci
“Administrative appropriations authorized places of business they may be allowed travel
ences, mathematics, modern foreign lanexpenses, including per diem in lieu of sub “SEC. 406. There are hereby authorized to
guages, or engineering, or for use as a lisistence, as authorized by law (5 U.S.C. 73b be appropriated for the fiscal year ending brary. 2) for persons in the Government service June 30, 1964, and for each fiscal year there
SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC COMMUNITY employed intermittently. after, such sums as may be necessary for the
COLLEGES AND PUBLIC TECHNICAL INSTITUTES “Labor standards
cost of administering the provisions of this
The House bill provided special treatment "SEC. 403. (a) The Commissioner shall not
“Federal control not authorized
for junior colleges and technical institutes approve any application for a grant or loan
"SEC. 407. No department, agency, officer,
by requiring that 22 percent of each State's under this Act except upon adequate assur
allotment of funds for construction of or employee of the United States shall, under ance that all laborers and mechanics em
academic facilities could be used only for authority of this Act, exercise any direction, ployed by contractors or subcontractors in
these institutions. In all other respects supervision, or control over, or impose any the performance of work on construction as
junior colleges and technical institutes were requirements or conditions with respect to, sisted by such grant or loan will be paid the personnel, curriculum, methods of in
treated the same as other types of instituwages at rates not less than those prevailing struction, or administration of any educa
tions of higher education. Since the House on similar construction in the locality as
bill authorized the appropriation tional institution.”
of determined by the Secretary of Labor in ac
And the Senate agree to the same.
$230,000,000, the result would be to earmark, cordance with the Davis-Bacon Act, as
That the Senate recede from its amend
on a full appropriation, $50,600,000 for junior amended (40 U.S.C. 276a-276a-5), and will ment to the title of the bill and agree to the
colleges and technical institutes. receive overtime compensation in accordance
The Senate amendment, in contrast, consame. with and subject to the provisions of the
ADAM C. POWELL,
tained a separate title providing construcContract Work Hours Standards Act (Public
tion grants for public community colleges
EDITH GREEN, Law 87-581); but, in the case of any non
that is, junior colleges which are under pub
JOHN BRADEMAS, profit educational institution, the Commis
CARLTON R. SICKLES,
lic supervision and control. It authorized sioner may waive the application of this
the appropriation of $50,000,000 for this pur
SAM M. GIBBONS, subsection in cases or classes of cases where
pose. This title differed in many respects
PETER FRELINGHUYSEN, laborers or mechanics, not otherwise em
from the provisions of the House bill govern
CHAS. GOODELL, ployed at any time in the construction of
ROBERT P. GRIFFIN,
ing grants to other types of institutions of the project, voluntarily donate their services
ALBERT H. QUIE,
higher education. Of these, the five listed for the purpose of lowering the costs of con
below are of the greatest significance:
Managers on the Part of the House. struction and the Commissioner determines
1. The method of administration.
PAT MCNAMARA, that any amounts saved thereby are fully
2. The formula for allotting the funds
WAYNE MORSE, credited to the educational institution un
among the States. RALPH YARBOROUGH,
3. The matching requirements. dertaking the construction.
JOSEPH S. CLARK, "(b) The Secretary of Labor shall have,
4. The differing treatment of public com
JENNINGS RANDOLPH, with respect to the labor standards specified
munity colleges and of private junior col
WINSTON L. PROUTY, in subsection (a) of this section, the author
J. K. JAVITS, ity and functions set forth in Reorganization
5. The treatment of technical institutes.
Managers on the Part of the Senate. Plan Numbered 14 of 1950 (15 F.R. 3176; 64
These differences, and the conference acStat. 1267), and section 2 of the Act of June
tion on each, are discussed below: 13, 1934, as amended (40 U.S.C. 276c).
1. The method of administration in the The managers on the part of the House
House bill is to have a State agency, broadly "Recovery of payments at the conference on the disagreeing votes
representative of the public and the various "SEC. 404. (a) The Congress hereby finds of the two Houses on the amendment of
types of institutions of higher education in and declares that, if a facility constructed the Senate to the bill (H.R. 6143) to au
the State, be responsible for carrying out the with the aid of a grant or grants under title thorize assistance to public and other non
program in the State. The State agency I or II of this Act is used as an academic profit institutions of higher education in
would establish the relative priority to be facility for twenty years following completion financing the construction, rehabilitation, or
accorded projects for construction, and of such construction, the public benefit ac improvement of needed academic and related
would also fix for projects for institutions cruing to the United States from such use facilities in undergraduate and graduate in
of higher education other than public comwill equal or exceed in value the amount of stitutions, submit the following statement in
munity colleges and public technical insuch grant or grants. The period of twenty explanation of the effect of the action agreed
stitutes the extent of Federal participation years after completion of such construction upon by the conferees and recommended in
(the Federal share) within the prescribed shall therefore be deemed to be the period of the accompanying conference report:
cei ng. The grant would be made directly Federal interest in such facility for the pur
The differences between the House bill and
to the institution by the Commissioner of poses of this Act. the substitute agreed upon in conference
Education. The Senate amendment, in the "(b) If, within twenty years after comare described in this statement, except for
case of these grants for public community pletion of construction of an academic facile minor, clarifying, or technical differences.
colleges, provided that the grant should be ity which has been constructed in part with
The conference substitute contains four
made to a State agency, and that that a grant or grants under title I or II of this titles. Titles II, III, and IV of the substitute
agency would in turn make the grants to the Act
are substantially the same as the correspond- public community colleges. The conference “(1) the applicant (or its successor in title ing titles of the House bill. In most respects,
substitute is like the House bill in that title I of the conference substitute is also or possession) ceases or fails to be a public
public community colleges and public techor nonprofit institution, or the same as title I of the House bill. There
nical institutes are embraced within title I “(2) the facility ceases to be used as an are, however, two significant differences
along with all other types of institutions. which are discussed below. academic facility, or the facility is used as a
However, where deemed appropriate special facility excluded from the term 'academic
CATEGORIES OF FACILITIES ELIGIBLE
provisions applicable only to these institufacility' by section 401(a) (2),
The House bill permitted Federal grants
tions are included in title I. the United States shall be entitled to recover for facilities so long as they were "academic 2. The formula for allotting funds among from such applicant (or successor) an facilities" within the meaning of the act. the States contained in the House bill amount which bears to the then value of the The term “academic facilities” excluded, applied to public community colleges and facility (or so much thereof as constituted specifically, certain athletic facilities and public technical institutes in the same an approved project or projects) the same facilities used or to be used for sectarian manner it applied to all others. ratio as the amount of such Federal grant instruction or as a place for religious worship The Senate amendment, in the title dealor grants bore to the development cost of the or used or to be used in connection with a ing with public community colleges, confacility financed with the aid of such grant divinity school.
tained a formula for allotting funds among or grants. Such value shall be determined The Senate amendment provided Federal the States which was entirely different from by agreement of the parties or by action grants for "academic facilities” (defined as the formula used in the case of other types brought in the United States district court in the House bill), but also contained an ad of institutions of higher education. This for the district in which such facility is ditional limitation. It limited construction formula provided that the funds would be situated.
to structures, or portions thereof, especially allotted among the States on the basis of
(A) the number of persons graduating from Mr. POWELL. Mr. Speaker, I would izes appropriations only for the first 3 high school in the respective states in the like to pay tribute to the gentlewoman years in order that the Congress may most recent schoolyear for which satisfactory from Oregon (Mrs. GREEN] for her fight review the operation of the entire prodata are available, and (B) the relative income per person in the respective States. through the years for higher education gram. The formula contained special provisions to assistance from the Federal Government 3. FUNDS FOR PUBLIC COMMUNITY COLLEGES insure that no State would receive more than and for her leadership as chairman of AND PUBLIC TECHNICAL INSTITUTES three times as much as any other State per the subcommittee.
Of the funds authorized, 22 percent high school graduate no matter what its I would also like to pay tribute to the
would be allotted among the States for relative per capita income, and to provide minority members of the subcommittee use in providing academic facilities for that Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Amer
and of the full committee for their sup- public community colleges and public ican Samoa, and Guam would receive the same amount per high school graduate as the port in bringing you this conference technical institutes. The remainder of States with the lowest per capita income. report.
the funds would be allotted among the The substitute agreed upon in conference Mr. Speaker, it is noteworthy that the States for use in providing academic faprovides 22 percent of each year's allotment conference report was unanimously cilities for institutions of higher educashall be allotted among the States on the agreed to on the part of the conferees tion other than public community colbasis of the Senate formula just described for the House indicating complete bi- leges and technical institutes. (with one minor modification) and that the partisan support of our action. I feel we funds so allotted may be used only by public have been faithful to the Members of
4. ALLOTMENT FORMULA FOR PUBLIC COMMUcommunity colleges and public technical in
NITY COLLEGES AND PUBLIC TECHNICAL INSTIstitutes. The minor modification referred the House who, on August 14, voted 287
TUTES to is to reduce the maximum spread between to 113 in favor of this bill.
The funds to be allotted in any fiscal the States with the lowest per capita incomes No one would question the great need
year for use in providing academic faciliand those with the highest from 3 to 1 to 2 for more adequate facilities for our ex
ties for public community colleges and to 1. The result is that under the conference panding enrollment in institutions of substitute each State will receive substan
technical institutes shall be allotted on higher learning, for higher education in tially the same allotment for public commu
the basis of the income per person and the United States faces both a crisis and nity colleges and public technical institutes
the number of high school graduates of as it would have received under the Senate a challenge in the coming decade. The
the respective States. This allocation amendment for public community colleges. so-called population explosion will con
formula takes into account, therefore, 3. The matching requirements in the
front the colleges and the universities the economic status of the various States House bill were the same for all types of with a 30-percent enrollment increase by and provides a measure of equalization of institutions of higher education—that is, the 1965. By 1970 the number of students opportunity through additional Federal State commission would fix the amount of
seeking admission to institutions of the Federal share, which could not exceed
funds to those States needing the greathigher education will be almost double est help. The allocation formula utilized one-third of the cost of the project. The Senate amendment provided for variable the campus enrollments of 1960.
for determining funds available to States matching in the case of projects for public
Not only has the population of young for other institutions of higher education community colleges. The conference sub- people age 18-22 increased from 11.8 is based upon the following: One-half on stitute retains the House pattern but pro- million in 1960 to 13 million in 1962, the basis of a State's relative high school vides that in the case of public community but an increasing proportion of high enrollment and one-half on its relative colleges and public technical institutes the school graduates are seeking admission college and university enrollment. Federal share shall be 40 percent of the cost to the colleges and universities to qualify of the project.
5. STATE COMMISSIONS AND PLANS 4. The treatment of public community for the ever-increasing professional and
Provision is made for the designation colleges and private junior colleges differed semiprofessional positions required in an between the House bill and the Senate increasingly complex society.
of a State agency to serve as the State amendment. The conference substitute ear At the same time, the demands of the commission for approving plans and admarks 22 percent of each year's appropriation Nation challenge institutions of higher ministering the programs. Such a comfor the public community colleges (and pub- education to produce needed scientists mission would be responsible for submitlic technical institutes), and, corresponding- and engineers.
ting plans for the allocation of funds, for ly, does not permit any of the funds allotted for other institutions to be used for these.
This bill then is addressed to the prob- assigning priorities and for providing an Private junior colleges will be eligible for as- lem of providing assistance to public and opportunity for a fair hearing to all apsistance, but must draw their funds from the other nonprofit institutions of higher ed- plicants submitting plans. It would likeremaining 79 percent of the annual appro- ucation in financing the construction, wise be responsible for the fiscal accountpriations. The private junior colleges will be rehabilitation or improvement of needed ing of Federal funds received. Its memable to use their funds only for the cate- academic and related facilities in un- bership would be broadly representative gories of specially designed facilities referred dergraduate and graduate institutions. of the public and the various types of to above. The sums allotted for public community colleges are not limited to use for
It represents a compromise in some few institutions of higher education in the areas.
States. such categories of specially designed facilities, and may be used for construction of 1. CATEGORIES OF FACILITIES ELIGIBLE
6. GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF GRADUATE any facility coming within the definition of Title I of the bill as now presented is
ACADEMIC FACILITIES "academic facility." very similar to the original bill passed
Title II provides for grants for con5. The Senate amendment treated public by the House, with the exception that struction of graduate academic facilities. and private technical institutes alike. The certain categorical uses are defined. Both the House and the Senate were in conference substitute provides that public technical institutes will be treated like pub- These categories were borrowed largely agreement in this title which authorizes lic community colleges and that private tech- from the conference report on H.R. 8900 an appropriation of $25 million for the nical institutes will be treated like private of the 87th Congress and the National fiscal year ending June 30, 1964, and $60 junior colleges. The conference substitute Defense Education Act, and were based million for the succeeding 2 fiscal years. includes the provisions of the House bill pro- upon the current needs of our great Na- Federal moneys thus granted may not viding a special accreditation procedure for tion in its defense of our way of life.
exceed 3313 percent of the development technical institutes.
An institution is now eligible for cost of any such construction project. A
grants only if such construction is limited committee is established in the Office of JOHN BRADEMAS,
to structures or portions thereof espe- Education to advise the Commissioner CARLTON R. SICKLES,
cially designed for instruction or research regarding action taken on applications SAM M. GIBBONS,
in the natural or physical sciences, math- and in the preparation of the general
2. FUNDS FOR UNDERGRADUATE FACILITIES
authorized annually for a 3-year period tion of academic facilities. For this purThe SPEAKER. The gentleman from for the construction and development of pose, the sum of $120 million for fiscal New York (Mr. POWELL) is recognized for these undergraduate facilities. The bill year 1964 and each of the 2 succeeding 1 hour.
provides a 5-year program but it author- fiscal years is authorized.
vote of 287 to 113. The provisions orig agency to consider how much the enThe definitions utilized in this act and inally in the bill are still in the bill. It rollment would be expanded. provided for in title IV are very impor- is a bricks-and-mortar bill, nothing else Mr. LAIRD. If there were no extant in understanding the concepts de but that. The dollar amount has not pansion, then what would be the situaveloped. The term "academic facilities” been raised one cent from the original
tion? is limited to the development of struc- House bill.
Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. The State tures suitable for classrooms, labora Title I provides $230 million annually agency must consider this; it would be tories, libraries, and related facilities nec for 3 years, of which 22 percent or ap up to the State agency to determine the essary for the expansion of the institu- proximately $50 million annually is re priority within the State. There is no tion. However, the term “academic fa- served for public
served for public community colleges change from the original House version cilities" also excludes certain athletic and public technical schools.
and the conference report in this respect. facilities and facilities used or to be used Title II of the House bill is in the con Mr. LAIRD. If a bond issue has for sectarian instruction or as a place ference report which provided for $25 already passed but construction of facilifor religious worship or in connection million for the first year and $60 million ties has not started, can aid be made with a divinity school. Likewise excluded for each of the next 2 years for graduate available to the extension or college is any facility used or to be used by a facilities.
facility? "school of medicine," "school of den Title III of the bill is the same as the Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. This would tistry," "school of osteopathy," "school House provision in regard to loans. The be up to the State agency to determine. of pharmacy," "school of optometry,” one principal change in the bill, which On page 13, section 401(c), excludes any "school of podiatry," "school of nursing," the chairman has already pointed out, cost incurred before, or under a contract or "school of public health," as defined is in relation to categories in the grants entered into before the enactment of the in section 7724 of the Public Health made to institutions. The House bill
act. Service Act.
provided for across-the-board grants Mr. LAIRD. If the gentlewoman will Therefore, as indicated, the major dif except that, we specifically prohibited yield further, the Office of Education has ferences between the bill which is now any of the funds being spent for indicated that this school would not qualbefore you and the bill which was ap stadiums or gymnasiums or purely rec ify, as long as their financial arrangeproved on August 14 are:
reational facilities for which admission ments have already been made, but the First. Categorical grants have been is charged. We also specifically said gentlewoman thinks that under this consubstituted for the general grants.
that none of the funds could be spent ference report they would qualify? Second. The 22-percent provision for for buildings used for sectarian instruc Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. It would detechnical institutes and junior colleges tion or religious worship. These restric- pend on whether nor not they had alhas been limited to public community tions are still in the bill and they apply
tions are still in the bill and they apply ready entered into the contract. Howcolleges and technical institutes.
to all institutions, including junior ever, the bill provides for structures, or Third. The allocation formula for colleges.
portions of structures. Additions obpublic community colleges and technical Several of the Members have asked me
viously could be added. institutes includes recognition of the per about the public community colleges, and I see the gentleman from New York capita income of the States.
the public technical schools. When the [Mr. GOODELL] on his feet in regard to Mr. Speaker, I feel that the conference House conferees agreed to adopt the this. report as presented to the House at this limitation by categories, Senate and Mr. GOODELL. If the gentlewoman time represents in large measure the will House conferees agreed that this limita- from Oregon will yield, I think what I expressed by the House at the time H.R. tion by categories does not apply to the wanted to address my remarks to was the 6143 was originally passed, and therefore public community colleges or the public first question of the gentleman from Wisshould be given wholehearted support by technical schools because so many of the
technical schools because so many of the consin [Mr. LAIRD]. I believe any inthe Members of this body. I urge ac
I urge ac- public community colleges are liberal arts stitution which wants to construct a faceptance of this conference report today colleges, and we did not want to re- cility, where that construction would not so that H.R. 6143 may be enacted into strict their construction of facilities to result in what we call an urgently needed law. Such a program will pay back in the natural and physical sciences, mod
the natural and physical sciences, mod- substantial expansion of the institution's actual return far more than its cost be ern foreign languages and engineering, student enrollment capacity would not cause we will have at last mounted an
However, let me again be eligible for funds. If it is a new ininitial attack against the growing obso- make clear that these limitations by
make clear that these limitations by stitution, we do provide for aid where lescence of our present support of higher categories do apply to all other institu the construction will result in creating education, an obsolescence that is a tions under title I.
urgently needed enrollment capacity. luxury that this country cannot afford. Mr. LAIRD. Mr. Speaker, will the An existing institution, however, would If education is truly to be the keystone gentlelady yield for a question?
have to be expanding its enrollment in in the arch of freedom and progress, we Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. I am glad to order to qualify for funds under this legmust provide the necessary facilities for yield to the gentleman from Wisconsin. islation. As I understood the question our youth to obtain the level and quality Mr. LAIRD. I have two questions I of the gentleman from Wisconsin, his of education demanded by our challeng- should like to address to the gentlelady
should like to address to the gentlelady institution is not eligible in that case. ing times. We can no longer afford the from Oregon. First, in the bill as it Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. This is the serious manpower shortages we suffer in passed the House a college which did not
passed the House a college which did not criteria for establishing priorities. engineering, science, mathematics, and anticipate any great enrollment expan Mr. GOODELL. If the gentlewoman other areas. We must act favorably sion would not qualify for construction will yield further, I think it is a sole criupon this legislation for the sake of our aid. I have in mind the Wisconsin State terion in terms of the construction funds children, for the sake of our Nation. College at Stevens Point, Wis. The uni for existing institutions. I think we
Mr. Speaker, I yield such time as she versity extension centers plan to back ought to be clear on that. may desire to the distinguished lady up almost to its campus. It does not I would like to ask the gentlewoman from Oregon (Mrs. GREEN).
look like a great expansion will be pos another question for clarification. The Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. Mr. Speaker, sible but one has occurred during the gentlewoman has pointed out that the the conferees on the part of the House past 10 years. They need a new ad categorical aid which the Senate urged I think are very pleased to bring back ministration ministration and classroom building.
upon the House was accepted with some this conference report. It was signed by Under the terms of the bill as it passed modification of the Senate version. I every member of the House conferees the House, this college would not qualify think it should be clear, first of all, that and it was signed by seven of the nine for aid. Has there been a change in the all House conferees resisted the Senate Senate conferees. In other words, 16 qualification provisions?
approach. We wanted to adhere to the of the 18 conferees signed this report. Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. I would be House version of the legislation because
As the chairman of the committee has unwilling to say that they absolutely we felt the terms of the House legislapointed out, there were very few changes would not qualify for aid without more tion were much wiser. But in order to made from the House bill which was
information. But one criteria in estab accommodate the Senate and in order passed on this floor in mid-August by a lishing priorities
lishing priorities requires the State to get some legislation, we finally did
compromise to add to the categorical ap- has to be especially designed for the of the community college concept proach modifications that expanded the categories specified in the bill.
throughout the Nation, categories. I would emphasize particu Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. The gentle I would like to have the gentlewoman larly that the categories in the confer- man from Minnesota is correct.
explain to me the paragraph starting ence report are described as follows: : Mr. GOODELL. Mr. Speaker, I want on page 18 reading:
Only if such construction is limited to to emphasize here that the conference The substitute agreed upon in conference structures or portions thereof especially de struck from the Senate language the limits construction (except in the case of signed for instruction or research in the phrase "and to be used only for”. This public community colleges and public technatural or physical sciences, mathematics, is very significant. It is a modification nical institutes) to structuresmodern foreign languages and engineering, which permitted the House to accept the or for use as a library.
And so forth. categorical approach and it was a fair I would emphasize the words “espe- compromise. I would emphasize that
We have in Massachusetts seven or cially designed for” in this legislation. the conference report we are presenting which are in their infancy. They are
eight excellent community colleges Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. I thank the here today to the House has full bigentleman from New York. This is one partisan support of the conferees.
making exceptional strides. Will they of the areas where the House conferees
be eligible under this present bill?
Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. I thank the did give in to the Senate in allowing the gentleman.
Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. This bill recategories to remain in the bill. But we
Mr. O'NEILL. Mr. Speaker, will the I for public community colleges and
serves 22 percent of the funds under title felt we improved the bill considerably by
gentlewoman yield? adding mathematics and foreign lan
public technical schools. There is no
Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. I yield to the limitation on categories. Funds can be guages and by retaining only the words
gentleman from Massachusetts. to which the gentleman has referred.
used for construction of any academic Mr. QUIE. Mr. Speaker, will the gen
Mr. O'NEILL. Mr. Speaker, today the facilities except those for sectarian intlewoman yield?
House of Representatives through its struction or religious worship—or staMrs. GREEN of Oregon. I yield to overwhelming approval of H.R. 6143, the diums, and so forth.
diums, and so forth. The private comthe gentleman from Minnesota.
higher education bill, has made this a munity colleges, the private junior Mr. QUIE. I think we ought to also great day for American education. This colleges and private technical schools point out that in the event these facili- is a broad and far-reaching bill which will be eligible under title I of the bill. ties were constructed there would be no will affect the lives of millions of Ameri, All of the junior colleges are eligible prohibition against using the facilities cans, and I am proud of the House and under this legislation. for another discipline if they were the statesmanlike way in which this bill
Mr. O'NEILL. Mr. Speaker, I ask needed, and if for any reason the college was developed.
unanimous consent to extend my remarks wanted to have a lecture, say, in the
However, I would like to call attention at this point in the RECORD. chemistry lecture room, which is usually to one aspect of this bill which is of par
The SPEAKER. Is there objection constructed like an auditorium or such ticular interest to me and the Common
to the request of the gentleman from type facility, or if there were some adult wealth of Massachusetts. I refer to the
Massachusetts? education class at night which wanted manner in which public community col
There was no objection. to use them, there is no prohibition leges are fostered and facilitated by this
Mr. O'NEILL. One of the small inagainst such use. The institution need legislation.
stitutions we have in Massachusetts renot feel that the Federal Government Community colleges in Massachusetts, will be looking over its shoulder all the as in many other states throughout the centiy had bidding on a library. They time to make certain that they are not Nation, are emerging from a period of have not started to construct the library using such facilities for any other pur- gestation and birth into
a proud and event they were in the process of build
as yet. Would they be eligible in the pose.
flourishing childhood. These colleges The prohibition which we had in our with their low tuition costs and conven
ing? Would they be eligible? bill against religious instruction or wor- ient locations are the connecting links
Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. If they were ship, or for the use of the general public, between the high schools and the larger,
in the process of building? where admission is charged, is the only 4-year, degree-granting colleges and uni
Mr. O'NEILL. If they were in the prohibition that is retained after the versities, and it is with a sense of sincere process of building, yes. construction is completed.
pride that I note that Massachusetts Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. If they were Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. I do think it has been among the first to recognize the in the process of building it would be should be emphasized that the consen- potential of community colleges and one my judgment they would not be eligible. sus of the conference committee was that of the leaders among the States in their
Mr. O'NEILL. I thank the gentlethe academic facilities constructed with development. With the passage of this, woman. Federal aid should be limited to these which provides unrestricted aid for the Mrs. GREEN of Oregon. Mr. Speaker, categories that we have already enu- construction of community college facili- there are two other points I would like merated. However, for example, we were ties, Massachusetts and other States with to make. The Senate bill provided for concerned if some national association similar programs will be able to further judicial review—a taxpayer's suit. This wanted to hold a conference at Univer- strengthen and develop this important was rejected by the House conferees besity X, and if they wanted to use various facet of public education.
cause a judicial review amendment had rooms for conference meetings at a par I should like to further emphasize that previously been defeated by this House. ticular time, we did not want language the unrestricted status which commu However, I have today introduced a sepathat said these rooms could never under nity colleges have been afforded under rate bill providing for a judicial reviewany circumstances be used for anything this bill is due mainly to the efforts of an institutional suit to test the constitubut these enumerated categories. Or if several people who share with me a great several people who share with me a great tionality of this act.
tionality of this act. Let me make it adult education classes were held in the appreciation for the educational impor
appreciation for the educational impor- perfectly clear that I firmly believe this evening, or a lecture were to be given in 'tance of community colleges. Great legislation violates no constitutional a large study hall, we think the bill tribute should be paid to Dr. Martin provision. If I believed otherwise, I should be so written as to allow this ad- Sweig, legislative assistant to the Speaker would not support it so strongly. For ditional use. But when the language "to and a member of the Massachusetts Re over 100 years our Government has been be used only for" was deleted, this was gional Community College Board, and giving Federal aid to private institutions not intended as a subterfuge for across his assistant Mr. J. Donald Fisher, they of higher education, dating back to the the-board grants. And in my judgment,
And in my judgment, both worked diligently with Prof. John time when Brown University, a Baptist we must keep good faith with the Senate Mallan of the Massachusetts Commu- related college was made a land-grant in this regard.
nity College Board. A particular note of institution. However, because some of Mr. QUIE. If the gentlewoman will praise should go to the Honorable Kermit my colleagues have expressed concern yield further, this means that the class- Morrissey, chairman of the board, for
Morrissey, chairman of the board, for about it, I have introduced this bill toroom cannot be constructed and especial- his vision and leadership in guiding not day and I hope that the Judiciary Comly designed for political science or for only the Massachusetts community col mittee will give it the thorough hearings history or anything of that nature. It lege system but in assisting the growth the subject requires.