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Yesterday four Republican Senators Mr. DODD. Is the Senator from Ohio I am not going to relate the conversawere absent. All other Republicans on telling me or asking me?

tion, because I do not want to "spill over" this side of the aisle answered to the roll Mr. LAUSCHE. I have to ask whether about it. But I want to say again what calls. That is pretty good; far better, in- there will be objection.

a gentle, decent, honest, great man deed, percentagewise, than the Demo Mr. MORSE. There will be objection. MIKE MANSFIELD is. He showed toward crat's record, my Democratic brethren. Mr. LAUSCHE. I knew that out of me a kindness and a generosity that I Today, six Republicans, I regret to say, the pit would jump the phantom.

shall never forget. were absent. The rest of us answered to Mr. KUCHEL. Mr. President, will I said, "You make me feel about the the rollcalls. To that extent I point with the Senator from Connecticut yield? size of a pin. I wish I were as big as consummate pride to the votes, pro and

Mr. DODD. Under the same condi you are.” con, on the amendments as they have tions. The Senator from California de

Because he is big. He is a very great been offered, which my colleagues on the serted me this morning.

man. He is a very great Senator. minority side have been privileged to

I fear I was harsher than I meant to

Mr. KUCHEL. No; I did not. The cast. Senator from Connecticut is a fine Sena

be last night toward him—and, I might Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, will

add, toward by friend, EVERETT DIRKSEN, tor. I want to come around and talk the Senator from California yield?

with him. I want to help him to correct whom I really like and for whom I have Mr. KUCHEL. I will yield in a mo

affection. Both of these men are great a wrong impression which he has left. ment, but not now.

men. I hope they will understand that

Mr. President, let the RECORD show Mr. MANSFIELD. It is relevant to

what I said was not said out of malice. that on the last rollcall, of the total numwhat the Senator is saying, because the

I spoke out because I was upset about last rollcall shows that only 78 Senators ber of our beloved friends on the

Demo- the

delays, about our lack of progress.

16 were on hand.

But I want to tell the Senate that we were absent. On this side of the aisle Mr. KUCHEL. We cannot be certain

do have wonderful men leading us. of the amount of expatiation in which tably, by reason of illness or otherwise, six of our Republican colleagues, regret

MIKE would never tell this. our colleagues will indulge; heaven

It is not in his nature to do so. knows it will be substantial. On the aswere absent.

But I tell it. sumption that we will all be pointed and

So, as I conclude and take my seat, the

I publicly tell it, because I want it on record of absences on the last rollcall relevant in our comments, I infer that

the record that this great soul, this noble was 16 of my Democratic brothers, and character, this fine human being, this the suggestion of the majority leader is to

minority. the effect that there may still be other 6 of the admirable

And great Senator, should have thought to rollcalls. To that extent, I hope that that, my brethren,

represents a gold star humble himself. all of us, on both sides of the aisle, may for the Republican minority.

But it was not he who humbled himremain here until additional amend

Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I self. ments have been disposed of. am very glad that I did not have to make

He humbled me, and I am grateful to Mr. DODD obtained the floor. that statement.

him. Mr. LAUSCHE. Mr. President, will

Mr. KUCHEL. I am glad I was able to I want him to know that he has not the Senator from Connecticut yield ? make that statement.

only my affection and devotion and adMr. DODD. I will yield in a moment

Mr. MANSFIELD. So am I, even miration, but, as well, my loyalty. to the Senator from Ohio. I first wish though it reflects on the Democratic [Applause.] to make a brief statement.

side. But it may be remembered that The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, will the last Friday approximately 25 Senators committee amendment in the nature of Senator yield?

were absent; and this is not a laughing a substitute is open to further amendMr. DODD. Mr. President, I ask

President, I ask matter. At noon today, six Democratic ment. unanimous consent that, without losing Senators were absent. On the last vote, Mr. TOWER. Mr. President, while I the floor, I may yield first to the Senator 16 Democratic Senators were absent. All do not concur in everything that my from Ohio [Mr. LAUSCHE] and then to of us, on both sides of the aisle, had bet- friend the distinguished Senator from the Senator from Oregon (Mr. MORSE). ter “get right” after that. Our job is to Connecticut [Mr. DODD] said last night, Mr. LAUSCHE. Mr. President, I call be here, representing the people of the

I admire his courage for having said it. up

States from which we come. This ab. I think the ability to criticize ourselves Mr. HICKENLOOPER. Mr. President, sentee record is ridiculous, it is tragic, and our institution is something that reserving the right to object, for what it is a sad commentary on the legisla- should not be taken lightly. I know it purpose does the Senator from Connecti- tive branch of the Government.

was not an easy thing for him to say. cut yield? He has the right to yield for Mr. KUCHEL. Mr. President, the It might even have been said in a a question; but for what purpose does he Senator from Montana is completely cor moment of anger. Nevertheless, it took propose to yield?

rect. The business of the Senate is courage to say it. While I do not concur Mr. DODD. I assume it is for a ques paramount for those who have been with my friend, I admire his courage. tion.

elected to serve here. I am glad, if the Mr. DODD. I am grateful to my Mr. LAUSCHE. I desire to direct a

Senator will permit me to make a parti- friend the distinguished Senator from question to the majority leader. I am

san comment, that my Republican col- Texas for the generous compliment he prepared to call up my amendment to leagues have a pretty good attendance has paid me. bar aid absolutely to Communist coun

record. tries. I am prepared to abide by a 30 Mr. DODD. Mr. President, I shall be

STEELWORKERS EXPRESS NEED minute limitation of time and to have a brief. I felt this morning somewhat like vote tonight, if we can get unanimous a skunk at a lawn party.

FOR PLANNING FOR SHIFTS IN consent on that subject.

I do not want to appear to be a spite

Mr. MANSFIELD. Does the Senator
Does the Senator ful or hateful man, I do not like the role

Mr. MCGOVERN. Mr. President, Mr. see the shadow behind him? of critic. I am not of that nature.

John J. Sheehan, legislative representaMr. MORSE. It is no shadow. I wish to relate to the Senate what, tive of the United

United Steelworkers of Mr. DODD. Mr. President, I have not I suppose, is the best experience I ever America, has sent to me under date of had a chance to answer the question. had.

November 1, 1963, a letter relative to What was it?

About 6 o'clock this evening, my tele the conversion of our economy to peaceMr. LAUSCHE. It was said that if a phone rang, and a voice on the other end time production. Senator were prepared to call up an said, “TOM, this is MIKE MANSFIELD. I Mr. Sheehan included with his letter amendment, the Senate would remain want to come down and talk with you." a copy of an important letter that was in session to vote upon it, if that were I said, “Oh, MIKE, you can't come down mailed October 28, 1963, to officers and the will of the Senate. I am prepared and talk with me; I will go up and talk representatives of the United Steelworkto accept a 30-minute limitation on the with you.”

ers of American by Mr. Frank Hoffman, amendment which, if adopted, would We had a couple of exchanges about legislative director of the union. bar aid absolutely to Communist coun that, and I went up and talked with I ask unanimous consent that the lettries under the Foreign Aid Act. him.

ters by Mr. Sheehan and Mr. Hoffman

and the article by Mr. Harvey Segal re type of government spending. Some of and rapid shifts in the location of manufacferred to be printed at this point in the these changes recommend (1) a total set- turing activities, this latest bulge in defense

aside of a particular defense contract for RECORD.

outlays made an important net contribution distressed areas; (2) establishment of an to economic stability and growth. There being no objection, the letters

Office of Economic Utilization in all agen But the success of Operation Big Lift, the and article were ordered to be printed in

cies to coordinate procurement policies; (3) progress of the Polaris missile programs and the RECORD, as follows:

adoption of a program to equalize the dis recent suggestions that stocks of fissionable UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AMERICA,

tribution of research and development con materials are more than ample all point to Washington, D.C., November 1, 1963. tracts. California alone accounted for 41.3 leveling off in defense outlays. In surveying The Honorable GEORGE S. MCGOVERN,

percent of such contracts let by the De the prospects for the future, Gilpatric conU.S. Senate, Washington, D.C.

partment of Defense; (4) expansion of the cluded that: “It is unlikely that sharp inDEAR CONGRESSMAN MCGOVERN: Please find Office of Emergency Planning to include creases of the sort programed in the early enclosed a copy of a letter which we sent preparation of studies and suggestions to years of this administration will be needed to all our legislative representatives on the

improve the long-range health of the econ in the years immediately ahead. In terms subject of conversion to peacetime economy omy.

of the GNP percentage, there should be some which issue was raised by you in your speech

It is true that our economy should not be decline in the application of U.S. resources entitled “New Perspectives on American

come dependent upon military expenditure, devoted to purely military preparedness.” Security.”

but, if, de facto, Government funds are being Whether one assumes that defense exYour speech was certainly provocative and expended in this way, then, there should be

penditures will remain constant at their raises challenges that must be met now in a more conscious utilization of these huge

present high level or decline absolutely, order to arrive at a rational approach to

funds with a view to their social and eco there is little doubt that the boost which the necessity of planning federal expendi nomic impact. Last year only $138 million they gave to overall economic activity will be ture in the public sector on the economy.

worth of defense contracts were allocated to dissipated in the near future. More resources The recent article written by Harvey Segal labor surplus market areas as a result of De in either case will become available for use certainly indicates that your speech has at fense Department activity. This year, the in the private and local government sectors of tracted attention. Director of the Office of Economic Utiliza

the economy. Sincerely,

tion, Albert Lazure, intends to increase the But the question of how these resources are JOHN J. SHEEHAN, amount to $500 million.

to be realized is one which has yet to be Legislative Representative. II. Planning the conversion to a peace squarely faced by any agency of the vast

economy: The other aspect, certainly the Federal establishment.

more important in the long run, concerns Some work on the impact problems of reUNITED STEELWORKERS OF AMERICA,

our national approach to the hopeful and converting industries which are closely tied to Washington, D.C., October 28, 1963. anticipated decrease in military expenditure. the defense effort has been carried on by the To All District Directors, Legislative Repre. Quite obviously much of the decrease in the inadequately financed Arms Control and Dis

sentatives, and Staff Representatives. first stages of reduction should be diverted armament Agency, and there are projects DEAR SIR AND BROTHER: Federal expenditure

into the public sector of the economy. Sen which the Department of Defense has farmed in the public sector of the economy has

ator GEORGE MCGOVERN, Democrat, of South out to private research agencies. None of long been one of the objectives of the labor

Dakota, in a Senate speech on August 2, these studies, however, can fill the needs of movement. Such spending is desirable not

emphasized the need for a planned approach a well-planned program for the effective only for fiscal and economic goals but also

to the eventual reduction. The immediate transfer of a portion of the vast defense-infor social goals. Not all Government spend- problems facing such a conversion are en dustry potential to the civilian sectors of the ing, however, involves investment in the

twined with America's traditional apprehen economy.

Also public sector. Over 55 percent of the annual sion about public-sector investment.

Last June, Representative WILLIAM FITTS budget is consumed by military expenditure.

involved is the military-industrial complex RYAN, of New York, asked Charles J. Hitch, It is roughly 9.2 percent of the gross national

about which there is so little awareness. the Assistant Secretary of Defense, what steps product—the value of all goods and services The Senator seeks a solution to the con had been taken "toward blueprinting the produced in the United States. The en version by diverting part of the arms budget conversion" of firms from military to civilian closed items direct your attention to two to our unmet public needs. In order to ac production. Hitch replied that “the major aspects of this fact.

complish this objective, he recommends (1) responsibility in a free economy such as ours I. Impact of military spending in unem

establishment of an operating conversion must fall on the individual companies afployment areas: Although, for the most part,

committee within every company engaged fected. What Government can do is study military spending is nonproductive, it can

in military procurement; (2) establishment, the problem * develop the data neceshave a tremendous impact upon the vitality

by executive order, of an economic conver sary for private planning, and make these and economic viability of many of our in

sion commission with the responsibility for data available to private industry." dustrial communities. Last year, the Senate

blueprinting appropriate action by Govern patric's remarks echoed similar sentiments. Select Committee on Small Business con

ment to facilitate change from a military to a Thus far such information has not been ducted a hearing to determine whether this civilian economy; (3) convening of a na made available, and a spokesman for one imimpact was beneficial or deleterious. The

tional conference on economic conversion portant defense industry organization comenclosed report includes the findings and

and growth to focus national attention on plains further that Defense Department recommendations of that committee. The the problems.

officials, anxious to maintain their sources report indicates that more than 12 percent

The Senator declares: “Competence for of supply intact, are discouraging firms from of the Nation's population lives in areas of converting from a military to a civilian econ

seeking orders for civilian products. Charges persistent and substantial unemployment omy is a basic requirement for the economic of this sort are difficult to evaluate, but the but only 4 percent of all defense contracts and political security of the United States." fact that they are being made suggests that is now awarded to firms in those areas.

Sincerely and fraternally,

the problem of shifting resources from the Furthermore, the shift in demand for differ


military to the civilian sector is one that ent kinds of military hardware has meant

Legislative Director. can best be handled outside of the DOD. the loss of thousands of jobs and unbalanced

The problem of effectively transferring reeconomies in different areas in the country.

sources from the military to the civilian Senator HUMPHREY, who was chairman of

[From the Washington (D.C.) Post, Oct. 28 sectors of the economy is not one that can the subcommittee's investigation, feels that


be solved by making information available the social costs of unemployment to the in ECONOMIC FRONT: THE PROBLEM OF TAPERING

or hoping that reductions in defense outlays dividual and the community should also be


will be matched by tax cuts. What is intaken into consideration when a military

volved here is the transfers of new and powcontract is being awarded. Because of an

(By Harvey H. Segal)

erful technological developments which are amendment attached to the Defense Ap

Roswell L. Gilpatric, the Deputy Secretary not very well suited to small-scale projects. propriations Act of 1957, no funds appropri

of Defense, recently raised some disquieting For example, the electronics industry with ated for military purposes shall be used for

questions about the neglected relationship very little effort could design superior autothe payment of a price differential on con between defense spending and the health mobile traffic control systems in which the tracts made for the purpose of relieving ecoof the economy.

information on density and flows at various nomic dislocations. The defense manpower Since 1957 national defense expenditures points would be fed into a computer that policy of 1960 has, therefore, been blocked have increased by more than 25 percent, would automatically adjust the timing of in its attempt to implement the national from $44 billion to the current level of over semaphore lights. But that involves large policy to encourage the placement of con

$55 billion. As a result of this rapid expan outlays by municipalities. Much the same tracts and facilities in areas of persistent sion, which was sparked by the advent of the can be said for the systems analysis apand substantial labor surplus and to assist intercontinental ballistics missile, the ratio proach to problem solving which can be such areas in making the best use of their of defense expenditures to the GNP was fruitfully applied in the area of mass transavailable resources by other contradictory maintained at 10 percent over the 5-year portation. policies of the Department of Defense. The period ending in 1962.

The difficulty is not that intelligent perreport outlines a number of changes which And while there were negative impacts in sons in Government agencies have failed to could redirect the economic impact of this the shape of balance-of-payments pressures consider these problems; rather the failure

* *

to draft serious plans for their solution experienced in production work, this area, ic conversion commission to ease the Senator GEORGE MCGOVERN, of South Dakota, too, has felt the impact of major changes in transition of high defense expenditures is about to introduce a bill which would Government procurement policies. Here, to civilian pursuits. establish a National Economic Conversion also, fewer large systems are being author

The editorial also includes excerpts Commission. This agency, lodged in the ized and funded and only after heavier emDepartment of Commerce, would seek to en- phasis on small preliminary study contracts,

from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch edicourage planning by business firms whose greater effort toward system definition prior torial on the same subject. Government contracts absorb more than 25 to contracting and increased pressure on in

Mr. President, I ask unanimous conpercent of their labor force.

dustry to assume a greater share of the risks. sent that the editorial be printed at this The virtue of a Conversion Commission is At the same time the Department of Defense point in the RECORD. that it would assign to a single agency the and the military services have been driving There being no objection, the ediresponsibility for forward planning. Until for a substantial reduction in the cost of

torial was ordered to be printed in the that-and much more—is accomplished, the R. & D. work. The effect of these pressures RECORD, as follows: problem of tapering off defense expenditures has been a sharp increase in the competition is one which will continue to menace eco for every R. & D. job that is proposed.

PLANNING NOW FOR PEACE nomic stability.

Under these circumstances no company can With top administration aids currently maintain and enhance its competitive posi concentrating on budgets for next year, a tion unless it trims all unnecessary costs. recent statement by Deputy Secretary of

A company whose overheads are inflated by Defense Gilpatric that the time has come INDUSTRY AND LABOR LEADERS

surplus manpower cannot be competitive. to start reducing American Armed Forces POINT UP NEED OF PLANNING While many competitor companies have

overseas and that the upward spiral of deFOR CONVERSION TO PEACETIME had several engineering layoffs, up until now fense spending is at an end comes as a PRODUCTION

Sperry has been successful in avoiding a re welcome relief to American taxpayers.

duction of its engineering staff. However, a Mr. Gilpatric was far from specific on Mr. McGOVERN. Mr. President, surplus has now developed that requires that the exact date or the amount these expenses there is growing evidence that industry we have the first layoff of engineers in the will be reduced but it is an indication of leaders are aware of the need to plan history of the company. One hundred engi- administration thinking for he could not for shifts or cutbacks in military spend

neers will be laid off effective October 31. have given the talk in Chicago without prior Each person being separated has been noti

approval. With this trend also indicated in ing. fied by his supervision.

other quarters, two proposals by South DaIn a letter dated October 23, 1963, sent

In compiling the layoff list consideration kota's Senator GEORGE MCGOVERN are movto all members of the engineering staff,

was given to seniority, performance and po ing rapidly into national attention. The the Sperry Gyroscope Co. explained that tential of each individual and changing tech first, proposed last summer, was that $5 bilthe changing requirements of our mili- nological requirements. In no case is any

lion be knocked off U.S. defense spendtary establishment have necessitated a one with more than 29 months' service ing to prevent an even greater surplus of reduction in the company's engineering affected. Those scheduled for layoff will re overkill power and the second, made within

ceive full severance pay as provided in SPI. the last week, was that the Government personnel.

Our employment department is contacting

establish an Economic Conversion CommisThe vice president of this distinother companies to arrange job interviews

sion to ease the transition of high defense guished firm, after commenting on “the

and it will do all it can to help those looking expenditures to more civilian pursuits. impact of major changes in Government for new positions to find them. As infor

The St. Louis Post-Dispatch recently procurement policies,” explained that

mation becomes available, it will be passed wrote: the reduction of engineers is unprece on by supervision.

"Last summer Senator GEORGE MCGOVERN, dented.

Again, let me say we regret that this engi

of South Dakota, mustered only a handful

of votes in support of his argument that the Sperry has prided itself in never having neering layoff must occur. Sperry has prided had such a layoff in its entire history itself in never having had such a layoff in military budget should be cut back to elimiits entire history. Now that it must take

nate a surplus overkill capacity which, he Said Vice President Lisle L. Wheeler. place we have tried to provide every con

said, does not actually enhance our security. Mr. President, this letter demonstrates sideration for those affected.

"The Kennedy administration has inthe need for the kind of conversion plan Everyone not affected must realize the im

creased the military budget by 20 percent. ning by industry and Government which portance of sharpening our efforts to improve We hope its projected outlays next year will our competitive job-getting ability. We are

be subjected to the kind of critical analysis is called for in the bill I introduced a investing substantial sums of money in im

Senator McGOVERN called for. People who week ago the National Economic Conproving our facilities, in our independent

say we cannot afford $5 billion for space exversion Act. research and development efforts and in an

ploration should ask themselves how much I ask unanimous consent that the unusually large number of bids for new busi

of a $53 billion arms budget represents surSperry letter be printed at this point ness. We have been spending long hours

plus capacity rather than military essentials. in the RECORD: meeting with various Washington officials in

"And this would be a good time to adopt

Senator McGOVERN's proposal for an EcoThere being no objection, the letter support of our proposal efforts. We are confident that a hardhitting team effort can and

nomic Conversion Commission to begin the was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, will result in a growing backlog of new

task of planning the transition to an econas follows: orders and a rising level of employment.

omy less dependent than ours is on a swollen SPERRY GYROSCOPE CO., Sincerely,

arms industry.” Great Neck, N.Y., October 23, 1963.


If we accept the conclusion that the NaTo All Members of the Engineering Staff:

Vice President for Engineering.

tion will not indefinitely go on pouring over I am sure there is no one in this or any

half of the Government's income to military other company that is heavily committed in

uses then we also must accept the challenge defense work who is not fully aware of major

to plan now for the return of a more normal changes in direction that have been devel

PLANNING NOW FOR PEACE civilian economy. oping in the entire industry. One such trend

This return can be speeded considerably

Mr. McGOVERN. Mr. President, my is a steadily declining requirement for pro

in industry, States and communities will duction quantities of system hardware. hometown newspaper, the Mitchell Daily

not suffer from a reduction in the military Comparatively few large volume longrun Republic, of Monday, November 4, 1963,

program, that economies now based on the production contracts are being awarded.

are being awarded. carried an editorial entitled “Planning shaky pegs of military production and miliProjects such as Minuteman, Polaris, and

Now for Peace.” The editorial asserts: tary bases will not collapse. TFX are fast becoming the exception rather than the rule. Many other large produc If we accept the conclusion that the Nation type contracts such as Skybolt have tion will not indefinitely go on pouring over

RECESS been terminated. Programs such as Hustler

half of the Government's income to military have been sharply reduced from original uses then we also must accept the challenge Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, if procurement plans and are being phased out. to plan now for the return of a more normal there is no further business to be transThe layoffs in production areas which have civilian economy.

acted, I move that the Senate take a rebeen necessary at Sperry over the past .sey

The Daily Republic editor comments cess until 12 o'clock noon tomorrow. eral months have been the inevitable, though

on two proposals that I have made to the The motion was agreed to; and (at 8 regrettable, result of the shrinking volume

Senate in recent months. First, a $5 bil o'clock and 59 minutes p.m.) the Senof defense production work. While the total volume of R. & D. work

lion cut in excess U.S. military spending. ate took a recess until tomorrow, Friday, has not had the sharp decline that has been Secondly, the establishment of an ecom November 8, 1963, at 12 o'clock meridian.




philosophy for which he stands. AlExecu

though sometimes referred to as a

tive Committee THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1963

State and watershed

approval pennypincher by the big spenders in mittee

Washington, we are genuinely pleased

No. The House met at 12 o'clock noon.

with his stand on economy in GovernFather John F. Mallon, assistant pas- Alabama: Mill Creek.

ment, and the people of the country can 1109 Do.

be glad that he is one of those who holds tor, St. Agnes' Church, Arlington, Va., Texas: Pine Creek

1109 Do. offered the following prayer: Georgia: Middle Oconee-Wal

the Federal pursestrings on the Commitnut Creek.


tee on Appropriations.

1235 O God, Supreme Lord and ruler of the New Hampshire: Baker River.-Oklahoma:

Tomorrow, on November 8, scores of universe, whose laws and commandments Lower Clear Boggy Creek.- 1235

Do. friends and admirers are honoring our Salt-Camp Creek.

1235 emanate from Thy divine wisdom for the


Texas: Upper Bosque River... 1235 Do. beloved colleague at an appreciation establishment of order and harmony

banquet to be held in Council Bluffs, among the nations, grant, we humbly

Sincerely yours,

Iowa. This is recognition well deserved beseech Thee, to our Representatives in


in view of his long and faithful service the Congress a profound wisdom to real

Member of Congress,

to his congressional district, the State ize that all human authority derives from

Chairman, Committee on Public Works. of Iowa, and the entire Nation. I am divine authority; a holy prudence to

sure that all Members of the House will guide them in their deliberations in the

want to join with me in extending best Halls of this Congress; an understanding

HON. BEN FRANKLIN JENSEN wishes to BEN on the anniversary of his that the problems of our Nation are to be solved only with prayerful recourse to

Mr. HOEVEN. Mr. Speaker, I ask 25th year of service in the Congress and Thee, O God, who art ever ready to bless unanimous consent to address the House his forthcoming birthday. May he confor 1 minute.

tinue to enjoy health and happiness in those statesmen, who, like the Founding Fathers, place their trust in Thee.

The SPEAKER. Is there objection the years ahead. to the request of the gentleman from

Mr. SMITH of Iowa. Mr. Speaker, I As of old Thou didst come down upon Iowa?

am pleased to have this opportunity to the mountain to instruct the people of

There was no objection.

congratulate my colleague, Congressman God through their representative, Moses,

Mr. HOEVEN. Mr. Speaker, I ask BEN JENSEN, upon the completion of 25 so now come, we beseech Thee, to this

unanimous consent that alí Members years of service in the House. Chamber and diffuse the benefits of Thy

who desire to do so may extend their re I have served with BEN during the past governance through our chosen Repre- marks on the subject matter of my ad- 5 of his 25 years and as representatives sentatives, that they may sanctify them

dress following my remarks at this point of districts which have mutual boundselves with Thy grace, serve the people of God with humility, and acknowledge is so ordered.

The SPEAKER. Without objection, it aries, we have had occasion to work

together on several problems. Thee to be the Father of governments

There was no objection.

Since we are now both on the Approand of nations. Through Christ our

Mr. HOEVEN. Mr. Speaker, 25 years priations Committee, we find additional Lord. Amen.

ago this month, the people of the opportunities to work jointly on prob

Seventh Congressional District of Iowa lems which directly affect and concern THE JOURNAL

voted to send a new Representative to the people of the State of Iowa.

Congress. Because of his diligence to Through these associations, I have had The Journal of the proceedings of yes duty and his outstanding legislative abil- an opportunity to know BEN well and I terday was read and approved.

ity, he has been reelected for 13 consecu- am glad to list him as one of my pertive terms and is now the ranking Re- sonal friends.

publican on the Committee on Appro Mr. Speaker, it gives me great pleasWATERSHED PROTECTION AND

priations. I refer of course to the dean ure to extend my sincere congratulaFLOOD PREVENTION

of the Iowa delegation, the Honorable tions to Ben on this special occasion and The SPEAKER laid before the House BEN FRANKLIN JENSEN, known affection- to wish him well in the years to come. the following communication, which was ately to his colleagues as Uncle BEN.

Mr. REIFEL. Mr. Speaker, few Memread and referred to the Committee on Only eight Members of Congress who bers of this body are more deserving of Appropriations:

commenced their service with BEN JEN- the accolades being bestowed today than COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS,

SEN on January 3, 1939, are still Members is the Honorable BEN JENSEN of the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

of the House today. Washington, D.C., November 5, 1963. As a colleague from Iowa and one who

Seventh Congressional District of Iowa. Hon. JOHN W. MCCORMACK, has been privileged to work closely with

Truly, he is one of the outstanding The Speaker, House of Representatives,

BEN, it is a pleasure indeed to extend my statesmen in the Congress today, a man Washington, D.C.

heartiest congratulations on his distin- of unquestionable integrity and purpose MY DEAR MR. SPEAKER: Pursuant to the provisions of section 2 of the Watershed Pro

guished record of dedicated service

to his and one who is held in the highest regard tection and Flood Prevention Act, as amend- State and Nation over the past 25 years by all his colleagues. ed, the Committee on Public Works has ap and to also express my best wishes on I had heard of the outstanding work proved the work plans transmitted to you his 71st birthday which he will celebrate of BEN JENSEN long before I came to Conwhich were referred to this committee. The on December 16. BEN is a native Iowan, gress. As a longtime member of the work plans involved are:

having been born on a farm near Mar- Appropriations Committee, he has been

ion in Linn County. His parents were one of the real architects of America. Execuof Danish ancestry. After serving as a

His imprint and guidance can be found tive Committee State and watershed

second lieutenant in World War I, he becom approval

in numerous activities of the Federal mittee

came very active in the American Legion Government to develop our great natural No. and throughout his service in the Con

resources, undertake worthwhile regress has been a champion of the vetAlabama: Big Nance Creek.. 900 Oct. 8, 1963 Arizona:

eran. Before being elected to Congress, search programs, better the lot of the Apache Junction-Gilbert.. 900


BEN was a retail lumberman in his home- American Indian and assure wisest posWilliams-Chandler -

town of Exira, Iowa. His wife is also an

His wife is also an sible expenditure of the taxpayer's dolGeorgia: Little Tallapoosa River

lars. (supplemental).


Iowan, the former Charlotte Hadden, of
Mississippi: Chuquatonchee
Clearfield, Iowa, and they have one

It is my understanding that his many Creek


Do. Oklahoma: Stillwater Creek.. 900 Oct. 8, 1963

daughter, Betty, who is now Mrs. Donald friends in the Seventh Congressional DisPuerto Rico: Guayanes River.. 900 Do. G. Fitzpatrick, of Marblehead, Mass. trict of Iowa will be holding a testimonial Alabama: Cheaha Creek.

939 Tennessee: Middle-Fork Obion

We in Iowa are immensely proud of dinner on November 8 in Council Bluffs River..


BEN JENSEN'S legislative record and the to recognize his 25 years of distinguished CIX 1346



service to them and to the people of my pride in my home county for having government. He has saved this country America. BEN JENSEN is eminently de- produced such a distinguished son as countless millions of dollars by his tireserving of this bipartisan tribute for BEN, but also because of my personal less work and research as a member of dedicated service in public life. respect and affection for him.

that committee. BEN JENSEN is not one Few of us have failed to benefit by his As has been the case with other dis- who votes blindly or without thought. counsel and wisdom. I have been espe- tinguished sons of the Middle West, one He acknowledges the responsibility and cially privileged to be a direct and special can read much of the strong, simple vir- obligation of the Federal Government in beneficiary of his characteristic kind- tues of the prairie community in the the fields of veterans retirement, help to nesses and counsel. Few Members take story of his life. Life in the Prairie widows, and orphans. BEN JENSEN was a more devoted interest not only in the States has changed greatly in the years instrumental in the passage of the legisscience of government and its legislative that BEN JENSEN has shared it. It has lation that gave countless GI's after processes but also in the personal prob- changed perhaps as greatly, although World War II the opportunity of an edulems of constituents and associates. less obtrusively, as has the life in our cation. He has also recognized the need It is interesting that although he has urban centers.

for medical and scientific research. compiled one of the most outstanding In his warmth and understanding of Perhaps some of his best work has come legislative records in this body his biog- the people of Iowa; in his sturdy honesty as a member of the Public Works Subraphy as it appears in the Congressional and decency; in his fierce loyalty- committee of the Appropriations ComDirectory is one of the most brief, which which is reciprocated—to those he mittee. As a member of the House Pubserves to demonstrate his characteristic deems worthy of loyalty; in his simple lic Works Committee I have taken pride humility.

and effective love of family; in his un in the manner in which he deals with I am proud to join in this bipartisan ashamed and uncomplicated patriotism; authorizations made by my committee. tribute to one of the great men in Amer- in his diligent and regular performance He has had a sympathetic ear when it ica, BEN JENSEN, on the 25th anniversary of his public responsibility, we can see comes to funds needed for necessary pubof his election to Congress. His count- mirrored the virtues which have wed lic works projects in my constituency. less friends and admirers wish for him him to Iowa—the land between the two The people I represent could have no finer many more years of effective congres- great rivers and Iowa to him.

friend. sional service.

I rejoice that we have been blessed

BEN JENSEN, as indicated earlier, is a Mr. KYL. Mr. Speaker, no one can with 25 years of the service to this Re- leading soil conservationist and is a appreciate the assistance and guidance public which BEN JENSEN has provided. strong advocate of meritous watershed of an experienced Member of Congress I congratulate him and wish him well. projects. Flood control projects have more than a new Member in his first days Mr. SCHWENGEL. Mr. Speaker, I been a major interest of his. His service in this great body. BEN JENSEN had been rise to join with my Iowa colleagues in in this field has been outstanding. His a Member of the Congress for 20 years paying tribute to the dean of the Iowa knowledge of these areas and his willingwhen I came to Washington. When I delegation to both the Congress and the ness to work for the enactment of sound sought his advice and his counsel, he was House. Tomorrow, BEN JENSEN will cele- programs which implement his ideas. always ready, willing, and able to assist brate the 25th anniversary of his elec

OCTOBER 29, 1963. me. Furthermore, his aid was given in tion to the U.S. House of Representatives. The Honorable BEN JENSEN, the finest possible spirit of helpfulness. In honor of this momentous occasion old House Office Building,

I have appreciated the wide knowledge BEN JENSEN's friends back in Iowa will Washington, D.C. which BEN JENSEN carries—knowledge hold a banquet to celebrate this anni DEAR BEN: I read in yesterday's CONGRESwhich could have been obtained only versary. It will be a privilege for me to SIONAL RECORD that your 25th anniversary of after a period of conscientious service. join with them tomorrow evening in service will soon be honored. It hasn't His dedication not only to his district Council Bluffs.

seemed that long.

Here's how I feel about it: and to his State, but to the Nation as BEN JENSEN has served his country and well, has served as an inspiration for me. State superbly. Born and raised in

God made a man. He has been, and is, a most valuable and Iowa, married to an Iowa girl, and ac

His name was BEN.

How tall he stood influential Member of this House. The cording to him “the prettiest girl in Tay

Midst other men! Nation will benefit from his continued lor County," BEN has a record of distinc

“Through those he served service. tion in this House second to none.

His fame spread wide Mr. BROWN of Ohio. Mr. Speaker, I Through the years he has received

As 'the Great Dane' wish to join in the tributes that are be- many awards and commendations. The

And 'Iowa's pride.' ing paid today to my colleague and be- Social Conservation Society of America

"His greatest goalloved friend, Representative BEN JENSEN, made him an honorary member of that

His firmest standof Iowa. group on November 16, 1954. BEN JEN

To save the wealth Twenty-five years ago this week BEN SEN was one of the first Members of

of this, our land. and I were among the 81 new Republic Congress to be so honored. The Veterans

"In war, his words can Members elected to serve in the 76th of Foreign Wars has honored him in a

Ranged past the sea Congress. Today we are the only 2 of similar manner. One of BEN JENSEN'S

To tell the Norse that 81 now serving in Congress. prized possessions is a letter from former

They would be free. Throughout the years my respect and President Herbert Hoover commending

"We hail his work affection for BEN JENSEN have grown. him for his efforts to keep free enterprise

Which long years span.

When God made BEN BEN JENSEN is recognized as one of the alive in the electrical power field.

He made a man!” real leaders of Congress. He has made BEN JENSEN has always held a warm an impressive record in this House. He spot in his heart for schoolchildren. I've enjoyed working with you, for you, and has served with exceptional ability and Thrilled by an address to the joint ses

by your side. Skoal. wisdom. He has contributed much to sion of Congress given by Chief Justice

Sincerely your friend,

SAM DAVENPORT. the welfare of the people he represents Charles Evans Hughes, March 4, 1939, and to the benefit of this Republic which on the 150th anniversary of the meeting This has been a great privilege to rise he loves so much and he has served so of the 1st Congress, BEN JENSEN asked to honor my fellow Iowan BEN JENSEN. well for a quarter of a century.

the permission of the Chief Justice to An asset to Iowa, to our country, we need We all salute BEN JENSEN, may he en- send it to all the school-age youngsters more like him. BEN JENSEN has been a joy health and happiness—and continue in his district. Chief Justice Hughes, friend of mine for more years than perto serve in this House for another 25 honored by the request, asked this then haps either of us care to admit. My sinyears is our wish.

freshman Congressman to come to his cere hope is that he and I will be able to Mr. BROMWELL. Mr. Speaker, BEN office. According to the secretary of the serve together here in the Congress for JENSEN was born in my home county and Chief Justice, BEN was the first Con- many years to come. it was there in Linn County that he gressman to be accorded the honor of There is a letter that I would like to spent his early boyhood. I have always an appointment with the Chief Justice. read. It is addressed to BEN, but I saw a enjoyed contemplating this fact, not only As ranking member of the House Ap- copy of it and thought it should be in the because of the shared familiarity with propriation Committee, BEN JENSEN has RECORD. It expresses the feelings of all places and people, not only because of long been an advocate of sound fiscal of us.

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