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weapons which their country and ours now tactics with positive substitutes to obtain possess for instantaneous use.
our own political objectives and to establish For these reasons, the Communist-world free societies wherever possible. leaders, still bent on world domination by As I view this legislation, one of its most the best available means, can be expected to important assets is its recognition of the step up their nonmilitary tactics to expand need to give the American people a greater their control over the globe. The test ban awareness and understanding of communism treaty by no means will lessen the Commu
and its goals, and further, to utilize the nist offensive in the cold war; on the con much-neglected private sector of our extrary, their weapons of propaganda, infiltra tensive human resources. Like the tax cut tion, agitation, subversion, espionage, plus bill which has now passed the House of Repall manner of economic and psychological resentatives, my bill to establish a Freedom attacks, undoubtedly will be increased. In Academy will engage actively the private short, the United States should expect and citizens of our country in direct participaprepare for, an intensified drive of total tion against the Communist conspiracy. In political warfare.
the private segment of America, as opposed Today the Soviet Union is operating an to the public or Government segment, there estimated 6,000 special schools to train Rus is a large reservoir of unused talent, ingesian Communist Party members and Com nuity, and wisdom which can, and should, be munist agents from nations around the harnessed for active service in the continuing world in the tactics of infiltration, propa cold war. ganda, subversion, sabotage, and other Today in New Orleans, a prime example of means. Approximately $5 billion a year is making constructive use of our private citibeing spent to train these Communist zens in the ideological and psychological agents to engage in all kinds of politicalstruggle against communism is found in the nonmilitary warfare, in all parts of the Information Council of the Americas (INCA), world. The Soviets are old hands at political headed by Edward Scannell Butler of New warfare, and today graduates of their special Orleans. schools are staffing some 75 Communist
Under the leadership of Mr. Butler, INCA parties in nations throughout the non-com was established in New Orleans in early 1961, munist world.
with the aid and support of some of the Let no one deceive himself that the leaders city's leading citizens. Since then, INCA has in the Kremlin and in Peiping will be satis waged an incessant campaign of anti-Comfied to maintain the status quo of so-called munist and prodemocratic information peaceful coexistence.
through all communications media-radio, To increase our country's vigilance and to
television, newspapers, magazines, leaflets, provide a concentrated avenue of counter lectures, speeches, and other means. attack against the nonmilitary thrusts of the
Particularly have INCA's truth tape radio Communist conspiracy, I am sponsoring leg programs been directed effectively to the peoislation before the Congress to establish a ples of Latin America, especially those in Freedom Academy, designed to train Ameri Cuba under the Communist heel of Castro's cans from both the public and the private regime. Members of INCA include businesssectors to learn and utilize the tactics of men, professional men, educators, farm leadtotal political warfare in order to defeat the
ers, journalists, and others from throughout Communists at their own game.
the United States; they have provided solid Such a Freedom Academy would be an in support for the half-hour truth tape prodependent agency of the Government and
grams which feature Cuban refugees who would provide to trainees research, develop have escaped from the oppression of Castro's ment, and practical application in all non dictatorship, and noted sports and entertainmilitary conflict techniques.
ment personalities. These loyal Americans The unique advantage of this Freedom present in their broadcasts proof of lies to Academy over any existing governmental be found in Communist propaganda and training schools is that it would give this Communist actions. specialized training not only to govern On his staff, Mr. Butler has utilized the mental personnel from the various agencies, services and talents of journalists, entertainbut also to private citizens of our country ers, engineers, technicians, and others in and from throughout the free world. The INCA's counterthrust efforts against the students at the Freedom Academy would be spread of communism in Latin America. trained not only to defeat Communist offen From both the governmental and private sives of all kinds, but also to replace their sectors of our community, Mr. Butler has
received cooperation and support, and by his work he has proved the validity of using the energies and talents of private citizens of our country to combat communism, particularly in the Western Hemisphere.
As proposed in my bill, the Freedom Academy will be under the direction of the Freedom Commission, to be composed of six members and a chairman. The commissioners will be appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and they will serve for terms of 6 years. Furthermore, no more than four commissioners may be members of any one political party.
This legislation to establish a Freedom Academy also outlines general guidelines and regulations for selecting both private American citizens and foreign students to attend the school, and provides for proper security checks for both commission employees and students. The bill provides for the hiring of a qualified general manager for the Academy, as well as for other professional and administrative personnel.
The uniqueness of such an Academy will be that it will provide a single center at which all nonmilitary tactics and techniques against Sino-Soviet communism can be developed and utilized to the fullest extent throughout the free world. It will give both public and private citizens a direct opportunity to join in the cold war with vigor, imagination, and skill.
I am proud to note that this legislation has widespread and bipartisan support in the Congress. Congressman A. SYDNEY HERLONG, Jr., of Florida, has joined me in sponsoring this bill in the House. In the Senate, 13 Senators who are members of both political parties also are sponsoring this legislation:
CLIFFORD CASE, of New Jersey; THOMAS DODD, of Connecticut; PAUL DOUGLAS, of Illinois; HIRAM FONG, of Hawaii; BARRY GOLDWATER, of Arizona; BOURKE HICKENLOOPER, of Iowa; KENNETH KEATING, of New York; FRANK LAUSCHE, of Ohio; JACK MILLER, of Iowa; KARL MUNDT, of South Dakota (principal sponsor in the Senate); WILLIAM PROXMIRE, of Wisconsin; HUGH SCOTT, of Pennsylvania; and GEORGE SMATHERS, of Florida.
The creation of a Freedom Academy also has received support from throughout our country from various civic and governmental organizations. Thus far, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee has held hearings this year on the legislation, and I am most hopeful that the 88th Congress will act on this important bill so that a new bulwark for freedom can be provided for the United States and the free world.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES very moment.
Divine Being, supreme H.R. 7193. An act to provide for the strikover all, patron of order, fountain of ing of medals in commemoration of the
justice, continue Your blessing on this 50th anniversary of the founding of the FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1963 Nation and the men responsible for its
first union health center in the United States
by the International Ladies' Garment WorkThe House met at 12 o'clock noon. laws so their acts may always be con
ers' Union. The Reverend Robert E. Brengartner, sistent with the ends of Your providence. Catholic chaplain, U.S. Naval Medical
Amen. Center, Bethesda, Md., offered the following prayer:
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH APPROPRIA
THE JOURNAL In the name of the Father, and of the
TION BILL FOR FISCAL YEAR 1964
The Journal of the proceedings of yesSon, and of the Holy Spirit. Almighty
Mr. STEED. Mr. Speaker, I ask God, we pause at this moment to invoke terday was read and approved.
unanimous consent to take from the Your blessing on this session of Con
Speaker's table the bill (H.R. 6868) makgress and we beg that this blessing may continue as long as the people act so as
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE
ing appropriations for the legislative
branch for the fiscal year ending June to deserve good men representing them A message from the Senate by Mr. Mc
30, 1964, and for other purposes, with in a government operating under God's Gown, one of its clerks, announced that
Senate amendments thereto, agree to grace. Relying on the purity of their in the Senate had passed without amendtentions, the justice of their cause, and ment bills of the House of the following
amendments Nos. 1 to 13, inclusive, 15 to the integrity and intelligence of the peo titles:
29 inclusive, and No. 34; and on the reple, our Founding Fathers established
mainder of the amendments, disagree
H.R. 3488. An act to provide for the strikthe Congress of the United States under
thereto and agree to the conference ing of medals in commemoration of the 150th an overruling providence which has so anniversary of the statehood of the State of asked by the Senate. singularly protected our country to this Indiana; and
The Clerk read the title of the bill.
The Clerk read the Senate amend Page 1, after line 6, insert:
authorized by law, $61,610, and the maximents, as follows: "Offices of the majority and minority whips mum allowance per capita of $550 is increased
to $610 for the fiscal year 1964 and therePage 1, after line 6, insert:
"For four clerical assistants, two for the
after; for maintenance of a supply of stamps "SENATE majority whip and two for the minority in the Senate Post Office, $1,500; in all,
$63,535." “Compensation of the Vice President and whip, at rates of compensation to be fixed Senators, mileage of the President of the respective whips, $15,165 each; in all, in basic multiples of $60 per annum by the
Page 1, after line 6, insert: Senate and Senators, and expense allow
"STATIONERY (REVOLVING FUND) $30,330." ances of the Vice President and leaders of Page 1, after line 6, insert:
“For stationery for Senators and the Presthe Senate"
"OFFICIAL REPORTERS OF DEBATES
ident of the Senate, $181,800; and for staPage 1, after line 6, insert:
tionery for committees and officers of the
“For office of the Official Reporters of De"COMPENSATION OF THE VICE PRESIDENT AND
Senate, $13,200; in all, $195,000, to remain bates, $231,555." SENATORS
available until expended.” Page 1, after line 6, insert:
Page 1, after line 6, insert: "For compensation of the Vice President and Senators of the United States, $2,471,"OFFICE OF THE LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL OF THE
"For an amount for communications which Page 1, after line 6, insert:
"For salaries and expenses of the Office of
may be expended interchangeably for paythe Legislative Counsel of the Senate, $247,"MILEAGE OF PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE AND OF
ment, in accordance with such limitations 260: Provided, That effective July 1, 1963,
and restrictions as may be prescribed by the SENATORS one additional employee in the Office of the
Committee on Rules and Administration, of "For mileage of the President of the Sen Legislative Counsel of the Senate may be
charges on official telegrams and long-disate and of Senators, $58,370." designated as Senior Counsel, and the com
tance telephone calls made by or on behalf of Page 1, after line 6, insert:
pensation of the additional employee so Senators or the President of the Senate, such "EXPENSE ALLOWANCES OF THE VICE PRESIDENT
designated shall be equal to the gross per telephone calls to be in addition to those AND MAJORITY AND MINORITY LEADERS annum rate presently authorized for other authorized by the provisions of the Legis“For expense allowance of the Vice Presi- employees so designated.”
lative Branch Appropriation Act, 1947 (60
Page 1, after line 6, insert: dent, $10,000; majority leader of the Senate,
Stat. 392; 2 U.S.C. 460, 460, 46e), as amended, $2,000; and minority leader of the Senate, "Contingent expenses of the Senate" and the First Deficiency Appropriation Act, $2,000; in all, $14,000."
Page 1, after line 6, insert:
1949 (63 Stat. 77; 2 U.S.C. 460-1), $15,150.” Page 1, after line 6, insert:
“SENATE POLICY COMMITTEES
Page 16, after line 24, insert: "Salaries, officers and employees "For salaries and expenses of the majority
“SENATE OFFICE BUILDINGS "For compensation of officers, employees, policy committee and the minority policy “For maintenance, miscellaneous items clerks to Senators, and others as authorized committee, $175,585 for each such commit- and supplies, including furniture, furnishby law, including agency contributions and tee; in all, $351,170."
ings, and equipment, and for labor and malongevity compensation as authorized, which Page 1, after line 6, insert:
terial incident thereto, and repairs thereof; shall be paid from this appropriation without
"AUTOMOBILES AND MAINTENANCE
for purchase of waterproof wearing apparel, regard to the below limitations, as follows:” Page 1, after line 6, insert:
"For purchase, exchange, driving, mainte
and for personal and other services; includnance, and operation of four automobiles, one
ing eight attendants at $1,800 each; for the "OFFICE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT for the Vice President, one for the President
care and operation of the Senate Office Build"For clerical assistance to the Vice Presi- pro tempore, one for the majority leader, ings, including the subway and subway transdent, at rates of compensation to be fixed and one for the minority leader, $37,840."
portation systems connecting the Senate of by him in basic multiples of $5 per month, Page 1, after line 6, insert:
fice Buildings with the Capitol; uniforms or $136,710."
allowances therefor as authorized by the Act "FURNITURE
of September 1, 1954, as amended (5 U.S.C. Page 1, after line 6, insert:
“For service and materials in cleaning and 2131); to be expended under the control and “CHAPLAIN
repairing furniture, and for the purchase of supervision of the Architect of the Capitol; "Chaplain of the Senate, $9,430."
furniture, $31,190: Provided, That the furni. in all, $2,535,300: Provided, That there is Page 1, after line 6, insert:
ture purchased is not available from other hereby authorized to be established and "OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY agencies of the Government."
maintained, in an amount not to exceed $50, “For office of the Secretary, $897,885, in
Page 1, after line 6, insert:
a petty cash fund for small purchases neces"INQUIRIES AND INVESTIGATIONS
sary for such care and operation of the buildcluding $128,000 required for the purposes
ings, which shall be reimbursed by vouchers specified and authorized by section 74b of “For expenses of inquiries and investiga- properly chargeable to this and successor aptitle 2, United States Code: Provided, That tions ordered by the Senate or conducted
propriations." effective July 1, 1963, the basic compensation pursuant to section 134(a) of Public Law of the printing clerk shall be $5,700 in lieu 601, Seventy-ninth Congress, including $380,
Mr. STEED (interrupting reading of of $5,400.”
000 for the Committee on Appropriations, to Senate amendments). Mr. Speaker, I Page 1, after line 6, insert:
be available also for the purposes mentioned ask unanimous consent, since these are "COMMITTEE EMPLOYEES
in Senate Resolution Numbered 193, agreed purely Senate items, that the reading
to October 14, 1943, $4,025,760." "For professional and clerical assistance
of the Senate amendments be dispensed
Page 1, after line 6, insert: to standing committees and the Select Com
with. mittee on Small Business, $2,731,965."
The SPEAKER. Is there objection to Page 1, after line 6, insert:
“For the employment of personnel for fold- the request of the gentleman from "CONFERENCE COMMITTEES" ing speeches and pamphlets at a gross rate
Oklahoma? of not exceeding $2.03 per hour per person, Page 1, after line 6, insert: $36,700."
Mr. GROSS. Mr. Speaker, reserving "For clerical assistance to the conference
Page 1, after line 6, insert:
the right to object, and I might as well of the majority, at rates of compensation to be fixed by the chairman of said committee,
do it at this point as later, let me ask “For maintaining, exchanging, and equip- STEED]: What do you propose to do by
the gentleman from Oklahoma $82,740."
Oklahoma (Mr. Page 1, after line 6, insert:
ping motor vehicles for carrying the mails "For clerical assistance to the conference and for official use of the offices of the Sec- agreeing to amendments at this time?
This is a rather unusual procedure in of the minority, at rates of compensation to retary and Sergeant at Arms, $16,560.” be fixed by the chairman of said committee,
Page 1, after line 6, insert:
asking to go to conference on a bill and $82,740."
at the same time asking the House to Page 1, after line 6, insert:
"For miscellaneous items, exclusive of la
agree to certain provisions of the bill "ADMINISTRATIVE AND CLERICAL ASSISTANTS TO bor, $2,458,860, including $90,000 for pay
even before you go to conference.
Mr. STEED. If the gentleman will cordance with section 4 of Public Law yield, this is the same, identical pro"For administrative and clerical assistants
87-82, approved July 6, 1961." and messenger service for Senators, $13,609,
cedure that has been followed every year
Page 1, after line 6, insert: 650.”
for as long as I can remember. These
"POSTAGE STAMPS Page 1, after line 6, insert:
items to which we are agreeing are
"For postage stamps for the Offices of the "OFFICES OF THE SECRETARIES FOR THE MAJORITY Secretaries for the majority and Minority, purely Senate items. They have already AND THE MINORITY
$140; and for airmail and special-delivery agreed to the ones for the House. The "For the offices of the secretary for the stamps for Office of the Secretary, $160; ones we are disagreeing to are those majority and the secretary for the minority. Office of the Sergeant at Arms, $125; Sen
Office of the Sergeant at Arms, $125; Sen- joint items on which traditionally we $135,195."
ators and the President of the Senate, as have always gone to conference.
Mr. GROSS. Then, the Senate has not the approval of certain amendments on The SPEAKER. Is there objection to agreed to the House bill? It has agreed the floor today with almost no one here. the request to dispense with further to the bill, but with exceptions?
Mr. STEED. The bill has been before reading of the Senate amendments? Mr. STEED. All of the bill that re the Congress since it passed the Senate There was no objection. lates to the House, they have agreed to on June 19. This is the same, identical The SPEAKER. Is there objection to in the Senate, without amendment. system that has been followed year after the request of the gentleman from Okla
Mr. GROSS. Mr. Speaker, I will say year. The gentleman well knows that homa? to the gentleman that I, for one, would on all the items that affect the expendi There was no objection. like to know what the other body is ob tures of the House of Representatives The SPEAKER. The Chair appoints taining by way of appropriations.
the subcommittee of which I have the the following conferees: Messrs. STEED, I would suggest to the gentleman that honor to be chairman held extensive KIRWAN, CANNON, HORAN, and LANGEN. he simply ask to go to conference and hearings on those items. We have made then bring the total bill back to the
every bit of information available that House. I am interested in what they do we know how. The Senate had hearings CRIME REPORT FOR THE DISTRICT at the other end of this building. As a on those items which apply to them and
OF COLUMBIA matter of fact, I wish the Senate would the report and the hearings have been
Mr. MCMILLAN. Mr. Speaker, I ask send a housekeeping bill over here first printed and have been available all this
printed and have been available all this unanimous consent to extend my remarks sometimes so we could get a look at what time. I do not think there is any desire at this point in the RECORD and include they are spending and for what purposes. on the part of anyone to withhold any- extraneous matter. We send a bill over to them with our re thing.
The SPEAKER. Is there objection quests for housekeeping money and they Mr. GROSS. I will say to the gentle- to the request of the gentleman from have the benefit of what we are doing.
man that you are going to a conference, South Carolina? Why not have the Senate send the bill
or you want to go to a conference with There was no objection. over here first and let us take a crack at
the other body with respect to certain Mr. MCMILLAN. Mr. Speaker, I am it and see what they are doing over disagreements; that is with respect to requesting unanimous consent to insert there. I do not like this business of oper the House item, as I understand it—the at this point in the RECORD the last 3 ating almost completely in the dark.
appropriations for the House; is that weeks' crime report for the District of Mr. STEED. Well, the Senate has a correct?
Columbia. report and the hearings on the items
Mr. STEED. No, no. The House I am certain every Member of Congress have been held as to what they have items, the ones that we consider our own
items, the ones that we consider our own has great interest in the Nation's Capital put in the bill. This is the system that housekeeping items, have already been and it is our desire to use every means the two bodies have followed for many, agreed to by the Senate. They are not
agreed to by the Senate. They are not to curb crime and make the city of many years. What we are asking for
in conference. What is in disagreement Washington a safe place for the visitors here today is the same thing that has
are two general subjects in the confer- from all the 50 States who visit their always been the custom.
ence report here before us today and Capital on Government business or to see Mr. GROSS. I will say to the gentle
those items that pertain solely to the how their Government operates. man that we have seen a lot of news
Senate, and then we have the joint items. I am firm of the opinion that this paper publicity lately and I have been
All we are asking here is that we agree should be the No. 1 project for the very much interested, for instance, in
to the items pertaining solely to the Congress as it is extremely essential that some of this Bobby Baker business, as
Senate and that we disagree on the joint crime conditions be not only equal to well as various other items.
items and go to conference, as has been other States but better than any city in Mr. Speaker, I do not like to object to
true every year for a long, long time. the United States since we have from 7 the gentleman's request. I wish the
There is not anything out of the ordi- to 10 million schoolchildren visiting the gentleman would go to conference and
nary or unreasonable or unusual about Nation's Capital every year. come back with the bill and let us take this. The request is in keeping with the
GOVERNMENT OF THE a good look at what is happening around traditional rule of comity. I am trying
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, here by way of spending money by both to follow a course that would keep the
METROPOLITAN POLICE DEPARTMENT, the House and Senate. House in a very good conformance with
November 7, 1963. Only yesterday, the House passed a that rule of comity. Otherwise it would Chairman, Committee on the District of
The Honorable JOHN L. MCMILLAN, debt increase bill. I did not support it, but I insist we will have to scrutinize put me in the position of placing the
Columbia, House of Representatives, House in the position of being criticized. Washington, D.C.: very carefully from here on out what
Mr. GROSS. I am not necessarily op The District of Columbia Budget Office, the House spends and what the other
posed to the rule of comity, but I want it under date of August 7, 1962, requested this body spends. Mr. Speaker, I wish the gentleman
to work both ways, and it should never Department to forward for information to operate to deny Members of either body matters one copy of any special report, study,
each congressional committee on District would adopt the normal procedure and
or the public information to which they survey or similar document which is released go to conference, as is done with other
are entitled. Perhaps what is suggested by this Department to the public and the appropriation bills, and come back with
here today will not be satisfactory to press. the bill and let us have a look at it.
some of us in the light of what may Accordingly, the enclosed material, which Mr. STEED. I must insist, Mr. Speak
is being released by this Department on this er, that what we are asking for here transpire in the conference. today is, by tradition, the normal course.
Mr. STEED. There is not any inten- date, is provided for your information. tion on my part to permit anything to
ROBERT V. MURRAY, Mr. GROSS. I am not interested in
Chief of Police. tradition in this matter, I will say to the happen in conference that encroaches
upon the prerogatives of the House and gentleman.
CRIME IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, violates the rule of comity. I give the Mr. STEED. That is the gentleman's
OCTOBER 1963 gentleman my very positive word on that. privilege.
During October 1963 a total of 2,345 part I What I am trying to do with this request offenses were reported in the District, an inMr. GROSS. We have got to the point today is to leave the House and the House crease of 451 offenses or 23.8 percent from around here where we need to know
October 1962. more about what is going on with our maintain that exact position. conferees in the position where we can
This was the 17th consecutive month with own housekeeping expenditures. I, for
Mr. GROSS. Mr. Speaker, in view of
an increase in crime for this city. During one, want to know.
this month increases occurred in all classifithe explanation given and the fact that · Mr. Speaker, I do not want to hold
cations of serious offenses except aggravated this bill should have been enacted months assault, which decreased. Noteworthy were this up and send the gentleman to the Committee on Rules. This I do not
ago, I will not object to this request to- the increases in rape, up 4 offenses or 57.1 want to do. I see no reason why the
day, but I want to say to the gentleman percent; housebreaking, up 163 offenses or gentleman could not go to conference that next year, the Lord willing, and I 35.9 percent; and auto theft, up 193 offenses
am here, I shall object to such proce- for last October. and come back with the various amend
or 83.2 percent, from the offenses reported ments for action on the floor of the dure, and I serve notice here and now
The increase for this month brought the House. The gentleman is asking for that I will do exactly that.
trend of offenses to 25,127, an increase of
59.1 percent from the low point established Mr. UDALL. Mr. Speaker, we have adequately into consideration—these are in June 1957, and making the trend period heard a lot in recent years about the reasons why I support a more realistic (the 12 months ending with October) the "cost of living." I think nearly every increase in congressional, executive, and alltime high for crime in this city.
citizen is aware of the fact that the judicial salaries. But, considered with GOVERNMENT OF THE
prices of consumer goods have a tend these other factors, the 14.8-percent deDISTRICT OF COLUMBIA,
ency to rise over the years and that cline in real-money salaries of Members METROPOLITAN POLICE DEPARTMENT, this process, in turn, reduces the pur- of Congress can be regarded as convinc
October 30, 1963. chasing value of the dollar. Because of ing evidence that the time is at hand for The Honorable JOHN L. MCMILLAN,
public awareness of this fact many labor establishing a new congressional salary Chairman, committee on the District of contracts and Government pay sched- level.
Columbia, House of Representatives, ules provide for automatic cost-of-living Mr. Speaker, I have stressed before and
Washington, D.C. DEAR CONGRESSMAN MCMILLAN: Forwarded increases as the Consumer Price Index I know my colleagues are aware of this, herewith are copies of the weekly crime re warrants from time to time.
that congressional pay is the smallest port for the District of Columbia for the week Now, we can take much satisfaction in part of the Federal pay bill recently apbeginning October 20, 1963.
recent leveling of this inflationary proc- proved by the Post Office and Civil ServSincerely yours,
ess. No longer is the cost-of-living ad- ice Committee. Nevertheless, it is this ROBERT V. MURRAY,
vancing, or the purchasing power of the portion of the bill which attracts the Chief of Police.
consumer dollar declining, at the rapid most interest, obviously because the ConGovernment of the District of Columbia, rate of the immediate postwar era stitution saddles us with responsibility for Metropolitan Police Department-Pt.
There has been a distinct slowing down fixing our own salaries. It is for this offenses reported, Oct. 20 through Oct. 26,
of the inflationary spiral. However, to- reason that I am once again today ad1963 day in our economy there are many sec
dressing myself to the question of contors which haven't caught up, and if my gressional pay. Week be- Week be Change Classification ginning ginning
colleagues will permit me to point out an I have said that a rise in the consumer Oct. 13, Oct. 20,
obvious truth, one of them is the Con- price index has reduced congressional 1963 1963 Amount Percent gress of the United States.
pay to $19,170 in 1955 dollars. Let me go
To some critics of Congress such an ob- further and show that the $10,000 inCriminal homicide.
servation may be ludicrous. Why, these crease presently proposed is not the "pot
+2 +200.0 Rape..
critics know that Members of Congress of gold” that some imagine. Robbery
are overpaid now, and any decline in the Let us take a specific case—a Member Aggravated assault.
61 +7 +13.0
real-money income or take-home pay with a wife and no dependent children Housebreaking 123 143 +20 +16.3 of Congressmen can only be regarded as filing a joint return and taking an averGrand larceny. 20
-20.0 Petit larceny - 137
170 +33 +24. 1
just retribution for all their well-known age deduction for charitable contribuAuto theft. 103 102 -1.0 sloth and crookedness.
tions, interest, and so forth. Total
However, to those who have some
The Internal Revenue Service has calknowledge of the responsibilities borne culated this Member's current Federal by Members of Congress, some knowl- income tax at $5,394.
income tax at $5,394. His "take-home" GOVERNMENT OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA,
edge of the enormous expenses they must pay on a salary of $22,500 is actually METROPOLITAN POLICE DEPARTMENT,
bear which no other executives or offi- $17,106.
November 6, 1963. cials must bear, some knowledge of the All right, so what happens when his The Honorable JOHN L. MCMILLAN,
inequities between congressional pay and salary is increased by $10,000? Will this Chairman, Committee on the District of compensation
compensation of decisionmakers in Member have another $10,000 to help deColumbia, House of Representatives, State and local government and private fray some of his trips home, some of the Washington, D.C.
industry, my observation may not seem DEAR CONGRESSMAN MCMILLAN: Forwarded
expense of maintaining two homes and herewith are copies of the weekly crime reso ludicrous. In fact, I believe it is well
some of the other unusual expenses he port for the District of Columbia for the
for every Member to be aware of the must meet as a Member of Congress? week beginning October 27, 1963.
fact-during the debate on increasing Far from it. His new Federal income tax Sincerely yours,
Federal legislative, judicial, and execu- will be, not $5,394, but $9,601, the InterROBERT V. MURRAY, tive pay—that congressional salaries to- nal Revenue Service tells us. This means
Chief of Police. day are not what the Congress consid- his "take-home” increase will be, not Government of the District of Columbia, ered appropriate when the last salary in- $10,000,
$10,000, but $5,793. His usable inMetropolitan Police Department-Pt. I
crease was voted more than 8 years ago. come and State taxes, of course must offenses reported, Oct. 27 through Nov. 2,
Mr. Speaker, I have checked with the come out of it—will be $22,899, or about 1963
Bureau of Labor Statistics and learned the amount the average man on the
the following. In 1955 the Consumer street imagines he is receiving now. Week Week Change Price Index for all items checked was
Is this the largess we have been hearClassification beginning beginning
93.3. The most recent Consumer Price ing about from some quarters? Is this
year, was 107.1. This was a gain of 13.8 denounced by the professional CongressCriminal
units, or 14.8 percent over 1955. This
This haters? homicide
may be regarded as a 14.8-percent deRape.
In truth, the time is at hand when cline in the value of any salary which Members of Congress should act to save Robbery.
+2 +4.3 Aggravated
has remained constant through this pe- the Congress from becoming a secondassault.
49 -12 - 19.7
riod. Housebreaking 143 +6 +-4.2
rate institution composed of political Grand larceny.
Applying that 14.8 percent to the salary hangers-on and ne'er-do-wells, a few Petit larceny --- 170
- 11.8 of Members of Congress reveals a de- millionaires and many self-seekers, and Auto theft.
very few men of ability and success Total..
514 -28 -5.2 come. In other words, in place of the capable of making substantial incomes in $22,500 1955 dollars which the Congress
our society. INCREASES ARE LONG OVERDUE considered to be appropriate for Mem
Considering, first, the depreciation in bers, the salary today in 1955 dollars is Mr. UDALL. Mr. Speaker, I ask unan- $19,170.
congressional pay through a rise in the imous consent to address the House for
Now this is not the only, or even best,
consumer price index, and, secondly, the 1 minute, to revise and extend my re case that can be made for congressional large portion of any increase that must marks, and to include a newspaper salary increases. General elevation of go to Federal and State income taxes, I article.
executive salaries in State and local gov- do not see how any Member could say The SPEAKER. Is there objection ernment, and in private industry, the that the increase proposed is either exto the request of the gentleman from need to lift the ceiling on Federal execu- cessive or inconsistent with the best Arizona?
tive salaries, and the fact that the 1955 interests of the people of the United There was no objection.
increase itself did not take these factors States.
Mr. Speaker, the largest and most in of our country wish to have attached to the
To the taxpayer, it would be the same fluential newspaper in eastern Oregon office of U.S. Senator, Representative, and
as cash too, because he has bought and has taken a strong stand in support of Justice or judge in the U.S. courts.”
paid for the CCC cotton.
During the committee hearings, RepreFederal pay raise legislation. Without sentative MORRIS UDALL, of Arizona, made a
The second type payment would be in objection I insert an editorial from the
good point. He spoke of the salaries paid cash only. The Government would buy East Oregonian of Pendleton, Oreg., at to Cabinet members and the responsibilities the first 15 bales of cotton from each this point in the RECORD.
that fall upon such as the Secretaries of State farmer and immediately sell it back to [From the East Oregonian, Pendleton
and Defense. He spoke specifically of the him at a loss. The price paid would be (Oreg.), Oct. 30, 1963.] Secretary of Defense: “If any of us were
about 2 cents a pound above the market serving on the executive board of a corporaINCREASES ARE LONG OVERDUE
price. The farmer would immediately tion and paid him $25,000 we would be Oregonians were a long time getting thrown out by the stockholders without fur
buy the cotton back at market price. around to giving State legislators the au
ther ado. It is preposterous that we ask The cotton would never actually move thority to raise their salaries. They finally
men to assume this heavy responsibility at an inch. This is a fancy way of disguiswere persuaded last year that a legislator those levels of pay."
ing a direct payment to the producer. should be paid enough that he didn't have
Many of the points that were made by this to dig into his pocket to pay the expenses
The Department of Agriculture estieditor and others who supported higher pay mates the first type payment would cost that go with serving in the legislature.
for State legislators can be made as effecA committee was appointed to recommend tively in the case of Federal Government
taxpayers $283 million annually and the to legislators what their reimbursement salaries. The case is more pressing because second $62 million annually, for an anshould be and the legislature subsequently the men in Federal Government whose nual total of $345 million. decided that legislators should be paid $250
salaries we would raise carry much greater In theory, “other than producers" per month and $20 per day for the first 120
responsibilities. We must attract the best to could mean anyone in the cotton processdays of a legislative session.
those positions and we cannot get the best ing chain between the farmer and the Many voters opposed the legislature's pro- if they must make substantial sacrifices, as gram because they thought the legislators most Federal judges must when they leave
retailer. Actually, legislative history voted too much money for themselves. We the practice of law to go on the bench. We
clearly shows this payment would go to suspect that no matter how much increase
cannot get the best either if we are confined textile mills. in salary the legislators had voted there to drawing from that select group whose
During consideration of the bill in would have been some opposition. It's one
members can serve because they have suf committee, an amendment to make these of those things you can't win on. ficient private resources to do so.
“trade incentive” payments directly to It is precisely for that reason Members We concur completely in the recommenda- farmers was adopted by record votes of of the Congress have been so reluctant to fol
tions of the President's Commission and the low the recommendations of a Commission American Bar Association.
19 to 16 and 18 to 17. This amendment
We can underappointed by President Kennedy to study
was later reconsidered and rejected by stand the reluctance of Members of the ConFederal executive, legislative and judicial
gress to raise their own salaries, but they the committee by a record of vote of 19 salaries. The Commission recommended have a responsibility to consider the respon- to 15. An amendment to make these substantial salary increases in all three sibilities of the offices they and others hold payments
payments to the first purchaser-or branches of the Federal Government.
in the Federal Government without regard second purchaser—was rejected by 28 to Many citizens have indicated their sup for who holds the offices now. The offices 6. port for higher salaries in the three branches
should offer higher salaries. of government. Among the strongest sup
Since the committee spoke clearly on porters is the American Bar Asociation. The
which parties are not to receive these ABA thinks salary increases are urgently COTTON BILL WOULD AUTHORIZE payments, only the mills remain as the necessary to attract the most competent men
practical recipients. to fill high offices in the Federal Government.
MENTS TO TEXTILE MILLS
Therefore, it is fair and proper to con
sider this bill as one proposing new and The ABA recently sent its president, Walter Mr. REIFEL. Mr. Speaker, I ask expensive subsidy payments to textile E. Craig, and the chairman of its commit
unanimous consent that the gentleman mills. tee on judicial selection, tenure, and compensation, Bernard Segal, to testify before from Illinois (Mr. FINDLEY] may extend
The committee has informally agreed the House committee that is considering his remarks at this point in the RECORD to accept the McIntire amendment. It salary increase proposals. Mr. Segal pointed and include extraneous matter.
would remove some of the discretionary out that the ABA has been considering this The SPEAKER. Is there objection authority in the bill, and it would make matter since 1947 and he has been closely as to the request of the gentleman from mandatory a modest but specific schedsociated with it for many years, South Dakota?
ule of reductions in price support. SimiIt was the position of the President's Com
There was no objection. mission, which has the support of the ABA,
lar reductions, so the proponents of the
Mr. FINDLEY. Mr. Speaker, the Coo- bill say, could be made by the Secretary that the scale of judicial and congressional salaries has not kept pace with the growth ley cotton bill, H.R. 6196, is legislative under discretionary authority. of the duties and responsibilities of the of- lunacy.
As the McIntire amendment very fices; that the differences between salaries
One of its most indefensible provisions likely will be adopted by the House, I paid to Federal judges and Members of the is the authority for the Secretary of Agri- have computed typical payments auCongress and those paid in private enter- culture to make multimillion-dollar thorized by the bill, assuming it is modiprise were grossly disproportionate; that the payments to textile mills. judicial and congressional salaries were and
fied by the McIntire amendment.
This would be true even if the bill is for a long time have been grossly inadequate;
For several months I have been modified by the amendment, drafted by gathering data so Members can have a that low salary rates tend to confine these high positions to persons of independent the gentleman from Maine (Mr. MCIN
clear idea of this legislation. wealth or those having outside earnings. TIRE) and accepted informally as a com
The substantial character of the payIt was pointed out also that since the last mittee amendment.
ments was substantiated in a letter to increase to Members of the Congress and the Actually, the Secretary would be aujudiciary there have been six salary increases thorized to make two types of payments. cultural specialist of the Library of
me from Dr. Walter Wilcox, senior agrifor employees in the Federal classified service. The first would be to persons other than Every responsible group that has ad
Congress. dressed itself to this problem feels that the producers, and the second would be to
Dr. Wilcox stated: time is overdue for radical overhaul in the producers themselves through the novel
This is in reply to your letter of January whole matter of judicial and congressional nonsense known as “simultaneous pursalaries.
chase and sale." Mr. Segal said to the House committee: The first type payment is “in kind.”
Approximately 9 million bales of upland "Businessmen would say that this is the That is, the payment would be in the cotton of 500 pounds each are used by dosimplest kind of good economics. Political form of a certificate entitling the mill to sidy on this cotton would cost the Govern
mestic millers. Each cent per pound subscientists would say this is the simplest kind a specific dollar value in cotton owned by ment about $45 million. A 5-cent-perriding factor of simple justice. It is high the Commodity Credit Corporation. pound subsidy would cost about $225 miltime that these inequities of long standing the
certificate could be used to claim the lion and an 8-cent-per-pound subsidy on be eliminated and that salaries be fixed at cotton, or could be sold to another firm cotton used by domestic manufacturers levels which are consistent with the dignity for cash. Either way, to the mill, it would cost the Government about $360 and the stature which the informed citizens would be the same as a cash transaction. million.