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He went on to state:
PLAIN TALK AT U.N.
Mr. REIFEL. Mr. Speaker, I ask textile mills probably process over half of The table below lists the current an- unanimous consent that the gentleman the cotton used domestically. (The eight nual consumption of five major U.S. tex- from Michigan [Mr. JOHANSEN) may exlargest knitting mills accounted for 61 per tile firms. I have verified the facts by tend his remarks at this point in the cent of the total value of shipments by direct correspondence, but withhold RECORD and include extraneous matter. knitting mills in 1958, according to the
their names. Since the mill payments census of manufacturers.)
The SPEAKER. Is there objection authorized if the McIntire amendment is to the request of the gentleman from It is probable that several of the largest companies process over 400,000 bales or 200 adopted range between 5 and 6 cents a
South Dakota? million pounds of cotton a year. pound, this figures $25 to $30 a bale.
There was no objection. Fragmentary information suggests that
Mr. JOHANSEN. Mr. Speaker, I rise several of the largest merchants handle
Annual Value of annual to commend our able colleague from Cali500,000 bales or more.
fornia [Mr. MAILLIARD] for his recent tion
H.R. 6196 with As Dr. Wilcox points out, there are
(bales) McIntire amendment blunt talk before the United Nations several textile firms in this country
Budgetary Committee. which use in excess of 400,000 bales an A.
550,000 $13,750,000-$16,500,000 Mr. MAILLIARD is a newly appointed nually. In considering this legislation,
450,000 11, 250, 000- 13,500,000 member of the U.S. delegation to the C.
375, 000 9, 375, 000, 11, 250,000 it should be borne in mind that approxi D
305,000 7, 625, 000- 9, 150, 000
General Assembly, but he has already mately 35 textile companies use a total
6, 250, 000- 7,500,000 brought some uncommon commonsense of 6 million bales of cotton annually and
to the deliberations of this international that 12 of these companies use approxi Payments to mills mentioned above agency. mately one-half of this 6 million bales are only part of the total cost to tax In his remarks to the Budgetary Comeach year. payers.
mittee, he challenged both the freeTaking one of these large companies For example, under the bill, whether wheeling spending practices of the U.N. which uses 500,000 bales of cotton an modified by the McIntire amendment or and the growing habit of some of the nually, and multiplying the proposed not, an immediate 812-cent-a-pound member nations in letting Uncle Sam 6-cents-a-pound subsidy in the following payment would be made to owners of pick up the tab for its expenditures. calculation, we see the American tax raw cotton now in private inventories. It may be difficult for the U.N. bupayer carrying a $15 million annual bur In addition, special bonus payments are reaucrats—including some who ostenden for just one textile company:
authorized for the first 15 bales pro sibly represent the United States—to adCalculation duced by each farmer.
just to this sort of blunt talk. Bales.
There should be no doubt that this It is my hope, however, that CongressPounds per bale--
500 legislation greatly increases the cost of man MAILLIARD will give them some more the present cotton program.
of the same. Pounds in 500,000 bales.- 250,000,000 I offer these citations:
Under permission to revise and exCents per pound “Trade incen
Page 12 of the committee report, pre- tend my remarks, I include a November tive" subsidy---
senting the views of the committee ma- 1 editorial from the Chicago Tribune jority, states:
commenting on Mr. MAILLIARD'S stateAnnual value of subsidy
$15, 000, 000 The Department of Agriculture estimates ment to the U.N. Budgetary Committee. that the program under H.R. 6196 would cost
GROWTH INDUSTRIES If the Secretary should, however under approximately $250 million more annually
It is surprising and somehow heartening, the broad authority of this bill, choose than the program under the current cotton
to find an American spokesman in the not to follow the legislative history and law.
United Nations arising to say that much select some other "persons” as recipients Page 32, same report, presenting the of the U.N. operation is a continuous boonof these Federal susidies, the same prin view of the minority, states:
doggle and that the membership should start ciple would apply. Ginners, merchants,
practicing some economy. But perhaps this The bill would cost an additional $221 mil
switch is easier to fathom when it is underwarehousemen, or any other intermedi
lion, and according to the information sub stood that the adjuration came from a Reate processors of cotton could also re mitted to the committee by the U.S. Depart. publican Congressman who is also a memceive multimillion-dollar Federal pay ment of Agriculture, it would bring the cot ber of the U.S. delegation. ments each year under the provisions of ton program's total cost to $779.4 million
The unwelcome counsel was voiced by RepH.R. 6196. annually.
resentative WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, of CaliAs a member of the Cotton Subcom Earlier this year the Senate Commit- fornia, speaking before the U.N. Budgetary mittee, I have also had direct corre tee on Appropriations, preparing the
Committee. He recounted that the United spondence with several of the Nation's
States will be obliged to pay about half of fiscal year 1964 appropriation bill for
the $550 million cost of U.N. activities leading textile firms to verify cotton the Department of Agriculture, com
throughout the world this year, and recalled consumption data. mented on the cost of the Cooley cotton
that even the Secretary General, U Thant, One firm, for example, informed me it bill at page 21, House Report No. 497, as saw a $112 million dericit in prospect. uses 550,000 bales a year. If the Mc follows:
Mr. MAILLIARD referred ironically to the Intire amendment is adopted, this firm There is pending legislation dealing with
booming business in international conferwould qualify for hefty annual payments subsidy payments on cotton which would
ences, which he called "one of the great from U.S. taxpayers ranging between require upward of $300 million annually, if
growth industries of the postwar world," $13,750,000 to $16,500,000. enacted.
and he suggested that before more pow
wows are scheduled, the question be asked, Thirty-five textile mills consume about The Associated Press on October 23, "Is this meeting really necessary?” Then two-thirds of the cotton that is used as reported in the Washington Evening he proposed that U.N. functionaries who in the United States. Based on total Star, quoted the Department of Agricul felt impelled to travel get out of first class annual consumption of 8,500,000 bales, ture as "estimating the new subsidy
and ride economy class. this means 35 mills use about 5,600,000 would cost the taxpayers $250 million a
We are not too sanguine that Representabales. If domestic consumption should year.”
tive MAILLIARD'S remarks will have much rise to 9 million bales, as predicted by
effect, for the vast apparatus of U.N., with
These cost estimates would not be ma- 35,000 international bureaucrats in the spethe sponsors of this bill, this would mean
terially altered by the McIntire amend- cialized agencies alone, not to mention the these 35 mills would probably consume ment, because they are all based on the headquarters staff and the delegations repreabout 6 million bales of cotton,
same “trade incentive" subsidy pay senting 111 countries, find U.N. a good exUsing the lower figure as a base, this ment-6 cents a pound-for 1964.
cuse for fat expense account living. means an average annual consumption I would urge all Members to consider
Nevertheless, Mr. MAILLIARD is correct in of 160,000 bales per mill. Each of the carefully the total price tag, as well as
saying that sound growth in organizations,
as in fruit trees, depends on periodic pruntop 10 mills consume over 200,000 bales. the multimillion-dollar mill payments, ing. The United States should be interData I have secured and verified directly before making any commitments on this ested in encouraging such activity, for it myself show that five mills use over 300,- legislation.
has to date committed itself to buy more
than $70 million worth of the U.N.'s so-called vidual ownership and possession of firearms. prompted the drive for this protective lanbonds to cover the last deficit, and, at the Since some concern seems to exist, neverthe guage. present rate of spendthrift expenditure, it less, in the minds of sportsmen and others, I have not been happy with the actions won't be long before some more bum paper is the committee recommends this amendment taken by the Agency. Although its basic being peddled.
to the Senate to make the congressional in design had appeared sound and its purpose Of course, looking to Washington's ex tent entirely clear.” This appears on page commendable, the organization has been inample in running the Federal Government, 10240 of the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD of June jected into too wide an area of operation. the U.N. won't be much impressed with the 13, 1963.
I see very little being done by the Agency need for economy. We suggest that Repre It is my hope that this language will be which could not be done by the State Desentative MAILLIARD go back to the Capital retained in the bill if it is reported by your partment and other existing Government and direct similar admonitions to the Ken committee. This is language which has been agencies. To me it has simply provided nedy administration.
urged by the National Rifle Association of more frosting on the cake and costly at the United States, by a number of sports that. It is another layer of officialdom on
magazines, such as Guns and Ammo, by top of officialdom. PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OF FIREARMS powerful military, veterans', and patriotic
The Agency, of course, claims to have had organizations, and by many individuals. I
a vital part in the proposed test ban treaty, Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, I ask have before me an editorial from the maga
to have thought up and helped to accomunanimous consent that the gentleman zine, Guns and Ammo, for August which
plish the hot line between Kennedy and from California (Mr. KING] may extend I submit for the records of the committee as
Khrushchev. Knowing something about the a part of this statement. The editorial is his remarks at this point in the RECORD
particulars in these cases, I am reminded entitled "A Vital Bill Before Congress” and and include an article by Mr. SIKES.
of the flea that rode an elephant across the refers to my amendment.
bridge—then said, “We sure shook that one, The SPEAKER. Is there objection Insofar as I can determine, Mr. Chairman,
didn't we?” to the request of the gentleman from there is no opposition to the amendment.
There have been indications that the Oklahoma ? In a letter addressed to the chairman by
Agency, failing to achieve more concrete reThere was no objection. Mr. William C. Foster, it is stated that “The
sults on the international scene, could turn Mr. KING of California. Mr. Speaker, has no objection to such an amendment, but U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
to domestic regulation of firearms in order I include in the RECORD at this point an
to show a reason for its continued existence. believes it unnecessary.” Now, it may be article by our distinguished colleague,
Quite frankly, I had hoped that the Agency unnecessary just as insurance on property the Honorable BOB SIKES of the First Dis
would be allowed to die or to be abolished. may be unnecessary, but it sometimes is a trict of Florida, entitled “Why I Spon very useful thing to have. You may have a
Knowing of the administration's support for sored a Bill To Protect the Private Own
the Agency, however, that seemed a dim hope building you consider fireproof and you may think here is a place to save on insurance.
and, after conferring with my colleagues in ership of Firearms.”
Congress, with legislative experts, and with Many thousands of American citizens But, the day a gasoline truck overturns in
the National Rifle Association, I determined will be appreciative of his valued con
the immediate area, or there is a bad short
to draft and introduce legislation to prevent tribution on this important subject. equipped with incendiaries starts his work in
this Agency from ever usurping the citizen's On Thursday, September 12, at a public the area, you find that you didn't have a
constitutional guaranteed right to keep and
bear arms. hearing, the chairman of the House Com- fireproof building after all. Then, it is too
H.R. 6364 was dropped into the
hopper of the House of Representatives on mittee on Foreign Affairs, the Honorable late to get insurance. I believe this lanTHOMAS MORGAN, stated categorically that he guage is insurance and that it will be a
May 15 and began the long trip which all supported the language of H.R. 6364, a bill useful thing to have.
bills must take if they are to become law. to insure that the disarmament program As the committee well knows, the content
H.R. 6364 was referred to the House Comwould not curtail lawful ownership of fire of the legislation and the executive policy
mittee on Foreign Affairs, where it lay relaarms by citizens of the United States. In on the subject of the Arms Control and tively undisturbed until the end of August, that hearing no voice was raised in objection Disarmament Agency have generated much
when the committee began hearings on to this language. It appears certain that the publicity and reaction through the country.
amendments to the Arms Control and Dislanguage will be incorporated into the au Many patriotic organizations and individuals
armament Act. thorizing language for the U.S. Arms Con have been highly critical of the purposes and
In the Senate, however, favorable action trol and Disarmament Agency.
scope and handling of the Disarmament Act. was taken almost immediately. The Senate This simply means that great organizations The general grounds for criticism have been Foreign Relations Committee held hearings of gun lovers and sportsmen like the Na that the implementation of this law would
on amendments to the Arms Control and tional Rifle Association and outstanding place the United States in a dangerous po
Disarmament Act on April 10, and in later publications like Guns and Ammo, and lead litical, economic, and military position vis
executive sessions, added a stipulation that ing patriotic organizations like the VFW, a-vis the Communist bloc. There is a great
the Agency not be allowed to regulate prihave done a thoroughgoing job in educating deal of public apprehension over the pros
vate firearms. My good friend, Senator the American public to the danger inherent pect of surrendering our defenses into the
BOURKE HICKENLOOPER, of Iowa, was responin that act at present. It further shows that keeping of the U.N.
sible for the inclusion of this amendment, an alert American public—and only an alert The language, temper, and range of the and the Senate committee accepted it withAmerican public can protect its rights and act are idealistic and broad. Certain per
out argument in a closed session. On June its freedoms against the encroachment of haps unintended consequences could con
17, the Senate passed amendments to the bureaucracy. ceivably flow from the carrying out of its
Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, stipAs the sponsor of H.R. 6364, here is what existing provisions, and such consequences ulating that “nothing contained in this act I said on this occasion.
would negate one of our most cherished shall be construed to authorize any policy or The bill, s. 777, an act to amend the Arms rights. This right is the possession and use action by any Government agency which Control and Disarmament Act, contains new firearms by the law-abiding private
would interfere with, restrict, or prohibit the language which was inserted in the bill at citizen.
acquisition, possession, or use of firearms by the request of Senator HICKENLOOPER. It is Thousands of Americans who own and
an individual for the lawful purpose of perfound in paragraph (c), section 3, of the bill enjoy firearms for defense and sport strongly sonal defense, sport, recreation, education or on page 3 and reads as follows: "Such section feel that the continuation of this ownership training." is further amended by adding at the end and enjoyment is seriously threatened by The House Foreign Affairs Committee has thereof the following new sentence: 'Noth the vague language and by the administra now considered this bill. I am confident it ing contained in this Act shall be construed tive interpretation of the disarmament stat will concur in the Senate version, and that to authorize any policy or action by any Gov ute. Assurances of the Director and other the House will approve this guarantee of ernment agency which would interfere with, officials of the Arms Control and Disarm basic rights. Then, the freedom to keep and restrict, or prohibit the acquisition, posses
ament Agency have not dispelled this fear. bear arms will be protected against Governsion, or use of firearms by an individual for I believe that there is substance to the ment encroachment through this Agency.
citizens. The allthe lawful purpose of personal defense, sport, apprehension of our
I have heard criticism from some quarters recreation, education, or training.' This is encompassing nature of the law and Agency about allowing the free possession and use similar to H.R. 6364 introduced by me as a pronouncements thereon speak for them of firearms in modern American society. separate bill amending section 33 of the Arms selves. In order to make absolutely clear Arguments that this contributes to crime Control and Disarmament Act.
that the Arms Control and Disarmament Act and constitutes a menace to free government In the Senate at the time of the passage
does not include the elimination of private are completely fallacious. Our forefathers of the act, Mr. HUMPHREY had this to say firearms as part of the proposed disarma knew what they were doing when they apabout the language to which I have referred. ment program, I support the amendment proved the second amendment to the Con“The amendment is self-explanatory. It is adopted by the Senate and covered by my stitution, which states that "a well regulated the committee's view that nothing in the bill on this subject.
militia, being necessary to the security of original act would have authorized the Now, I want to depart from my state a free State, the right of the people to keep Agency to deal with the question of indi- ment and to recount the background which and bear arms shall not be infringed." Then,
as now, an armed citizenry is less likely to at the backroom haggling table. It is obvious the Russians would come out of be cowed by criminal elements or oppressive equally clear that Khrushchev remains this deal with a net gain of 1.2 billion
U.S. government. Rather than restricting free- convinced his blackmail tactics will pro- dollars which they would use to purchase dom, the right to possess arms guarantees it duce the desired results in negotiations coveted U.S. industrial plants and equipby instilling independence and strength in an enlightened people. with the United States.
ment. In this connection it will be reThe United States is facing a critical period
Khrushchev is being completely con called that Khrushchev, while visiting in its history. The years to come will decide sistent in his efforts to squeeze us in the United States in September of 1959, the desperate battle between communism Berlin in order to extract our wheat announced he would like to purchase and freedom, individualism and totalitarian- under conditions set by him. Such be- chemical plants and high speed steel fabism. If we are to win this struggle, we will havior is Russian par for friendly rela- ricating equipment from us and publicly need to preserve and use every element of
tions with all non-Russian nations, free urged that Federal laws prohibiting sale strength that is available to us. Americans are fighting and dying in farflung corners
or captive. It would be an act of pre- of strategic goods to the Soviet Union of the world. Some of them will survive be
meditated stupidity to assume that Rus- be overturned by our people. cause of lessons in marksmanship and ac
sian behavior patterns have been At that time I, among many others, quaintance with firearms they gained as boys changed by any events of the recent past. raised a protest, pointing out the obvious, in a free society. We would be making a It is useful to recall in this connection mainly: fatal mistake if we allowed the right to keep the extended negotiations between the First. That we would be paying the and bear arms to be curtailed. My provision United States and imperial Russia for Russians $1.2 billion for the privilege will help guard against this. I am optimistic settlement of the Russian World War II of canceling their debt to us of $10.8 that the provisions of H.R. 6364 will be en- debt to the United States. The official billion. acted into law. This measure is vital enough
Second. That the Russians would use to merit the support of all freedom-loving estimate of this debt is $10.8 billion. Americans.
In 1948, when the negotiations opened, the $1.2 billion new money to purchase we asked the Russians for an inventory the means to hasten our burial ceremony.
of U.S. lend-lease goods on hand at the That deal did not go through, despite RUSSIAN BEHAVIOR-IN
time of VJ-Day which would have the spirit of Camp David which hung BERLIN
peacetime use. It was then assumed we heavy over the American scene. AND IN THE WHEAT BINS
would write off the cost of lend-lease I ask now what happened to the RusThe SPEAKER. Under previous or- goods used in the prosecution of the war. sian gold that allegedly was to be put on der of the House, the gentleman from However, the Russians refused to provide the barrel head for our wheat? Ohio [Mr. FEIGHAN] is recognized for 5 us with the requested inventory. Under While I oppose the sale of wheat or minutes.
these circumstances the United States anything else that would help to preMr. FEIGHAN. Mr. Speaker, there is put a reasonable value of $2.6 billion on serve the Russian empire, I believe our considerable speculation in Washington the Russian inventory of U.S. lend-lease people are entitled to a forthright answer circles as to the reasons for the provoca- materials. This estimate did not include to that basic question. tive Russian blockade of U.S. military the value of 84 lend-lease merchant ships It is a sad commentary that the Amerconvoys plying between free Berlin and or 49 army-navy watercraft loaned to ican people are now largely dependent the Federal Republic of Germany. The the Russians during the course of the on propaganda statements from Moscow so-called Kremlinologists are guessing war.
for news on the current status of the that this is a Russian maneuver to re During the course of the 1948 negotia- wheat negotiations. Khrushchev has mind us that they will never permit a tions, the United States proposed that taken full advantage of this news vacuum free and united Germany. Other ob- the Russians pay $1.3 billion to clear up to monopolize our news media on this servers view this episode as evidence of their actual debt of $10.8 billion. This issue. Yesterday Khrushchev announced a split between Khrushchev and aggres- figure was one-half of the reasonable in Moscow it would be possible to reach sive factions in the Red Army who dis- value of $2.6 billion that we had put on agreement with grain dealers in America agree with his peaceful coexistence the Russian inventory of our lend-lease "if we bargain on the basis of equality tactics. And some even see it as no more materials of VJ-Day. This generous without discrimination.” Just what the than an indication of poor communica- offer by the United States, amounting to Russians mean by the basis of equality tions between the Moscow Kremlin and a claim of about 10 cents on the dollar, without discrimination can be taken the Russian military commanders in was rejected by the Russians. The Rus- from our experiences in the prolonged Berlin.
sians then came up with an offer to pay negotiating with them on the repayment But Khrushchev himself clarified the $170 million to cancel out their debt of of their World War II debts. Equality reasons for the provocative Russian be- $10.8 billion. This offer was rejected by to the Russians means they demand havior in Berlin. Speaking within the the United States.
equal rights with the U.S. Government past few days to a group of American Negotiations were reopened in 1951–52. to dip into our surplus wheat bins, withbusinessmen visiting Moscow, Khru
Moscow, Khru- At that time the United States reduced out cost to them. Similarly they charge shchev observed that had the United its asking price to $800 million. The discrimination against us if we ask them States employed force to get our block- Russians in turn offered $240 million, to pay for our wheat what it cost our aded military convoys through, this ac- which was refused. The Russians then agricultural economy to produce it and tion might have led to war with the re- raised their offer to $300 million, or just they charge discrimination if we insist sult “none of us would be here today.” short of 3 cents on the dollar repayment. that U.S. shipping vessels have a right After this exercise in the Russian tech- This offer was also rejected by the United to profit and longshoremen have a right nique of spreading fear, Khrushchev States.
to employment from what has been adthen took up the pending Russian On January 11, 1960, the negotiations vertised as a purely commercial transAmerican wheat deal, threatening that were again reopened. “Smiling Mike" action involving Russian gold for Amerif the United States persisted in its de- Menshikov was the Russian negotiator. ican wheat. mand that U.S. vessels be used to trans- The United States then took the position I would not be surprised if a question port our wheat to the Soviet Union, we that negotiations should deal solely with was raised about what assurances we might end up eating our own wheat. It the lend-lease debt. The Russians then have that American vessels will be alis now clear there is a direct connection demanded that a trade agreement grant- lowed to return home if they are used between the latest Russian provocations ing them most-favored-nation treatment to transport our wheat to the Russian in Berlin and the backroom haggling and long-term credits on terms accept- empire. The Russian record for acquirnow going on between a combine of able to them be negotiated simultane- ing our ocean vessels at no cost to them U.S. grain merchants and commissars of ously with the lend-lease debt issue.
is notorious. Moreover, the amount of the Russian empire. The haggling I At the time of the 1960 negotiations public confusion generated by the Rusrefer to concerns the shell game being with the Russians, word leaked out that sians on this entire matter would make played by the Russians to siphon off our the Russians had offered to pay $300 such a question logical. surplus wheat. There is no doubt in my million in settlement for their $10.8 bil According to public statements made mind that Khrushchev ordered the re- lion lend-lease debt, provided however, by Khrushchev, his agents are negoticent provocations in Berlin in order to that the United States granted them ating with private American grain dealprovide his agents with more leverage long-term credits of $1.5 billion. It was ers. Yet our press reported today the
chief Russian wheat agent has been Mr. Speaker, I include in the RECORD they will pay the extra $3.96 for an allmeeting with Under Secretary of State this fine newspaper column which is as
American shirt. Ball and that negotiations took a "favor- follows:
In the past 10 years, nearly 4 million cotable turn” at a meeting last Wednesday. [From the Washington (D.C.) Post, Nov. 8, 290,000 millworkers have lost their jobs.
ton spindles have been closed down and It is fair to ask with whom the Russian
Another 350 woolen and worsted mills have wheat agents are in fact negotiating and
AID BUILDS BUSINESS COMPETITION been closed, putting an additional 105,000 what the negotiations are all about.
(By Jack Anderson)
people out of work. Khrushchev has taken full advantage
Textile leaders have begged the Govern
Foreign aid has bubble gummed in Uncle of the prolonged silence on this issue by
ment for a little of the aid that has been Sam's face, and he's now unhappily picking given to thJapanese industry. official Washington. It is time the of
. But they it out of his whiskers.
have been largely ignored. ficial U.S. version of what is taking place But plainly, aid money has built foreign
An ailing factory apparently can't qualify in the negotiations to exchange surplus factories which today are forcing American
for U.S. aid unless it is located overseas. Russian gold for surplus American wheat firms out of business and American workers
Foreign shipyards built with aid money became at least dimly visible and audible out of work.
and cheap foreign steel are pushing our own through our news media.
This is a development Senators can
shipbuilding industry to the wall. Since longer overlook as they debate this week how
1948, more than $600 million in aid has much more money to ladle out to needy
gone to build or modernize foreign yards. nations. AMERICAN FOREIGN AID BUILDING
Add the assistance given to foreign steel For our income tax payments already have UP FOREIGN COMPETITION
mills, and American shipbuilders are workhelped to build up competitive industries
ing under a $1 billion handicap. The SPEAKER. Under previous or overseas, often providing them with more advanced equipment than our own.
MUSHROOMS FROM TAIWAN der of the House, the gentleman from
Result: At home, one industry after an
Even American mushroom growers have Florida [Mr. HALEY] is recognized for 10
other has been forced by foreign competition hired a Washington attorney to seek relief minutes.
to cut back production, thus adding to our 4 from the competition of the U.S.-financed Mr. HALEY. Mr. Speaker, I ask
million unemployed and multimillion-dollar mushroom industry in Taiwan. Uncle Sam's unanimous consent to revise and extend gold loss.
experts looked around for some way to help my remarks and include extraneous Few seriously suggest that foreign aid the economy of Taiwan and decided mushmatter.
should be cut off. With two-thirds of the rooms might do the trick. They sent over The SPEAKER. Is there objection
world living on the starvation line and easy prize spores, taught the peasants how to culto the request of the gentleman from prey to communism, the United States in tivate.
The new industry literally mushthe interests of its own security must con roomed. Florida?
tinue to help the underdeveloped nations to The first mushrooms from Taiwan started There was no objection. help themselves.
coming into this country in 1960. Exports Mr. HALEY. Mr. Speaker, I want to Yet in the last 5 years, foreign aid has doubled the following year, doubled again call to the attention of my colleagues built, expanded or r.odernized: 31 pulp and in 1962. Now Formosan mushrooms account in the Congress an article appearing paper plants, 24 chemical plants, 13 alumi for 25 percent of American consumption of in the Washington Post of this morning, num plants, and 22 rubber-processing plants.
the edible fungi. Friday, November 8, under the byline
It has given another 27 loans or grants for It is hard to disagree with those American studies or construction of petroleum re
businessmen who are plaintively asking a of "The Washington Merry-Go-Round" fineries.
rather deaf Uncle Sam: “Isn't it time some written by Jack Anderson. It has been
charity began at home?" demonstrated to me for many years, Mr.
Our tax money also has built foreign shipSpeaker, that the people of the United
yards, plastic plants, pottery works, enStates will never shake off this foreign gineering labs and industrial research cen
SPECIAL ORDERS GRANTED aid worldwide giveaway for which we ters. are taxing the American people billions A reported $2 billion has gone out of the By unanimous consent, permission to of dollars-hundreds of billions of dol U.S. Treasury to build or expand 179 for address the House, following the legislars, and, as a matter of fact, to do
eign steel mills. This American generosity
This American generosity lative program and any special orders what? To build up in the foreign counhas helped to reduce our share of the world's
heretofore entered, was granted to: steel market from 17 percent in 1950 to less tries of the world competition against than 6 percent.
Mr. FEIGHAN, for 5 minutes, today, to the American business people and ex
Result: Our steel mills are operating today
revise and extend his remarks. porting the jobs of American labor by at only about 60 percent of their capacity.
Mr. SAYLOR (at the request of Mr. the expenditure of the taxpayers' money. Congressman BOB CASEY points a finger, for REIFEL), for 1 hour, on Tuesday, No
I have always contended and still con instance, at Mexico across the border from vember 12. tend that when the American people his native Texas. In 1960, Mexico exported Mr. HALEY, for 10 minutes, today. through their manufacturers and their only 65 tons of steelplate to the United businessmen and their labor leaders un
States. Two years later, the figure had risen derstand what this particular program
to 12,000 tons, which has already been more
EXTENSION OF REMARKS has done to weaken the economy of this
"Whose tax money,” cries CASEY, "do you Nation that they would demand that the
By unanimous consent, permission to think built the 22 Mexican steel mills under program cease. I think it will be a fine
extend remarks in the CONGRESSIONAL our aid program?" thing for the American people when For the textile industry, the aid-pampered
RECORD, or to revise and extend remarks, they realize just what is going on. We competition has been even more disastrous.
was granted to: build steel mills that compete with our No one seems able to say exactly how many Mrs. KEE. own people. We have destroyed, Mr.
rival mills Uncle Sam has built around the Mr. BRAY.
world. Speaker, practically, the textile industry
Mr. HECHLER and to include extraneous Nation. We have purchased HEMPHILL has said: "In our efforts to re
But South Carolina Congressman ROBERT of this
matter. through our foreign aid funds the finest
(The following Member (at the revitalize Japan as a bulwark against comtextile equipment possible-sure the munism,
we participated technically,
quest of Mr. REIFEL) and to include expeople of Lowell, Mass., and other places financially and otherwise in creating a Japa
traneous matter:) have profited, but we have given plants nese textile industry that today threatens
Mr. DERWINSKI. all over the world the finest equipment our own with ruin."
(The following Members (at the rethat it is possible to obtain-free. We,
SHIRTS AT $1.99
quest of Mr. ALBERT) and to include exin turn, sell the raw material in the form
On a trip to the Orient, HEMPHILL also
traneous matter:) of cotton at 812 cents less a pound than saw U.S.-financed textile plants in India, Mr. POWELL. a man or a plant operating in any State Korea, Formosa, and Hong Kong. He saw Mr. FEIGHAN. in this Union can buy it from our own
in Hong Kong mills with the latest American Government,
looms, far finer than most American mills
have been able to afford. I say, Mr. Speaker, it is about time
He was hardly surprised later to find, in a SENATE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION that this program was phased out and South Carolina department store, men's
REFERRED that the taxpayers of America who have
dress shirts from Hong Kong offered for $1.99 contributed generously to the other alongside American-made shirts priced at
A concurrent resolution of the Senate people of the world are given some relief. $5.95. Few consumers are so patriotic that of the following title was taken from the
Speaker's table and, under the rule, re
By Mr. THOMSON of Wisconsin:
Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, in order ferred as follows:
H.R. 9096. A bill prohibiting lithographing that the Senate may have before it a S. Con. Res. 19. Concurrent resolution to
or engraving on envelopes sold by the Post pending question, other than the bill it
Office Department, and for other purposes; designate "Bourbon whiskey" as a distinctive product of the United States; to the
to the Committee on Post Office and civií self, I call up my amendment No. 306, Service.
so that it will be the pending question. Committee on Ways and Means.
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I
understand that the purpose of the SenaPRIVATE BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS tor from Oregon is to have an amendBILL PRESENTED TO THE
Under clause 1 of rule XXII, private ment laid before the Senate, so that the PRESIDENT
bills and resolutions were introduced and Senate may be informed as to what the Mr. BURLESON, from the Committee severally referred as follows:
next question will be. on House Administration, reported that
By Mr. FINO:
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The that committee did on this day present to H.R. 9097. A bill for the relief of Liborio amendment (No. 306) of the Senator the President, for his approval, a bill of Tortorici; to the Committee on the Judiciary. from Oregon to the committee amendthe House of the following title:
By Mr. WATTS:
ment, as amended, will be stated. H.R. 1989. An act to authorize the govH.R. 9098. A bill for the relief of Dr. Ruhi
The LEGISLATIVE CLERK. On page 47 of ernment of the Virgin Islands to issue genK. Turkyilmaz; to the Committee on the
the committee amendment, as amended, eral obligation bonds. Judiciary.
it is proposed to strike out lines 15 to
21, inclusive, as follows:
(i) No assistance shall be furnished on a Under clause 1 of rule XXII,
grant basis under this Act to any economiMr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, I move
cally developed nation capable of sustaining that the House do now adjourn.
439. The SPEAKER presented a petition
its own defense burden and economic growth, of Henry Stoner, General Delivery, Worland, The motion was agreed to; accordingly
except (1) to fulfill firm commitments made Wyo., requesting legislation providing for the (at 12 o'clock and 24 minutes p.m.) under liquidation of the Small Business Adminisliquidation of the Small Business Adminis prior to July 1, 1963, or (2) additional ori
entation and training expenses under part II its previous order, the House adjourned tration, which was referred to the Committee
hereof during fiscal year 1964 in an amount until Tuesday, November 12, 1963, at 12 on Banking and Currency.
not to exceed $1,000,000. o'clock noon.
And to insert the following:
(i) No assistance shall be furnished under EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATONS,
this Act to any economically developed naETC.
tion, except to fulfill firm commitments made
prior to July 1, 1963. The President is diUnder clause 2 of rule XXIV, executive FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1963
rected to make no further commitments for communications were taken from the
assistance to such economically developed Speaker's table and referred as follows:
(Legislative day of Tuesday, October 22, nations and is directed to terminate such
1963) 1361. A letter from the Secretary of State,
commitments made prior to July 1, 1963, at transmitting the Second Annual Report on The Senate met at 12 o'clock meridian, the earliest practicable time. The President the Operations of the Center for Cultural and on the expiration of the recess, and was
is further directed to report, not later than Technical Interchange Between East and West (East-West Center) for the fiscal year called to order by the President pro tem- July 1, 1965, to the Speaker of the House and
to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee pore. 1962, pursuant to Public Law 86-472; to the
on the steps which he has taken to comply Committee on Foreign Affairs.
The Chaplain, Rev. Frederick Brown with this provision. 1362. A letter from the Secretary of Com
Harris, D.D., offered the following As used in this subsection, the term "ecomerce, transmitting a draft of a proposed bill prayer:
nomically developed nation” means any naentitled "A bill to authorize the Weather Bu
tion listed as an exception to the definition
Almighty God, Thou Father of all of "economically less developed nation” conreau to make appropriate reimbursement between the respective appropriations available mankind, whose paths are mercy and tained in United Nations General Assembly to the Bureau, and for other purposes"; to truth: Before the white splendor of Thy Resolution 1875 (S. IV) and, in addition, the the Committee on Interstate and Foreign purity, every vileness shrinks away. German Federal Republic and Switzerland. Commerce,
Lift us, we pray Thee, as we come,
Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, this above the smog of the immediate, and amendment is known as the United Na
set our gaze on the wide horizons of abidREPORTS OF COMMITTEES ON PUB
tions amendment. ing verities. In the anxious contempla- The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The LIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS tion of conditions that baffle us, in the question is on agreeing to the amendUnder clause 2 of rule XIII, reports of
grip of swift currents which sweep us on, ment (No. 306) of the Senator from Orecommittees were delivered to the Clerk contending with evil forces whose hide
gon to the committee amendment, as for printing and reference to the proper ous cruelty stabs our hearts with an
amended. calendar, as follows:
guish, it is only the ultimate reality of Mr. HALEY: Committee on Interior and Thy presence in such a world and the Insular Affairs. S. 1868. An act to amend final invincibility of Thy truth which the act of August 3, 1956 (70 Stat. 986), as keep our feet from slipping in the
THE JOURNAL amended, relating to adult Indian vocational whelming flood.
On request of Mr. MANSFIELD, and by training; with an amendment (Rept. No. This day fix our eyes not just on what unanimous consent, the reading of the 894). Referred to the Committee of the we vow before Thee to tear down, but Journal of the proceedings of Thursday, Whole House on the State of the Union. upon what in Thy name and for the sake November 7, 1963, was dispensed with.
of all Thy children we pledge as channels PUBLIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS
of Thy might to build up
With the burdens we all bear, guard Under clause 4 of rule XXII, public
our lips from chilling criticism which MESSAGES FROM THE PRESIDENTbills and resolutions were introduced and may unjustly wound some comrade plod
APPROVAL OF BILLS severally referred as follows:
ding bravely on, with a heavy load, by Messages in writing from the PresiBy Mr. MATHIAS: our side.
dent of the United States were commuH.R. 9094. A bill to authorize the President We bring our prayer in the Redeemer's nicated to the Senate by Mr. Miller, one to declare July 9, 1964, as Monocacy Battle
name. Amen. Centennial in commemoration of the 100th
of his secretaries, and he announced that anniversary of the Battle of Monocacy; to
the President had approved and signed the Committee on the Judiciary.
AMENDMENT OF FOREIGN ASSIST- the following acts: By Mr. MULTER:
ANCE ACT OF 1961
On November 4, 1963: H.R. 9095. A bill to provide under the social security program for payment for hos
The Senate resumed the consideration the units and establishing the standards of
S. 1064. An act to amend the act redefining pital and related services to aged bene of the bill (H.R. 7885) to amend further electrical and photometric measurements to ficiaries; to the Committee on Ways and the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as provide that the candela shall be the unit of Means. amended, and for other purposes.