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Foreign shipyards built with aid money tinuity and the unity of policy which the STRIKING OF MEDALS IN COMMEMand cheap foreign steel are pushing our own Senate has adopted in that regard.
ORATION OF FEDERAL HALL NAshipbuilding industry to the wall. Since
As I see it, the Senate intended to 1948, more than $600 million in aid has gone place itself squarely behind the principle
TIONAL MEMORIAL, CASTLE CLINto build or modernize foreign yards. Add
TON NATIONAL MONUMENT, AND the assistance given to foreign steel mills, that when this country's aid is being used
STATUE OF LIBERTY and American shipbuilders are working under for purposes for which we did not intend a $1 billion handicap.
it, we should ask the President to cut it The Senate proceeded to consider the MUSHROOMS FROM TAIWAN
off. And when it becomes obvious to the bill (S. 2079) to provide for the striking Even American mushroom growers have President that our aid is being diverted to of three different medals in commemorahired a Washington attorney to seek relief aggressive purposes by those who are tion of the Federal Hall National Mefrom the competition of the U.S.-financed ruling in particular countries which we morial, Castle Clinton National Monumushroom industry in Taiwan. Uncle Sam's aid, or to develop their military potential, ment, and Statue of Liberty National experts looked around for some way to help through misuse of the objectives of our Monument-American Museum of Immithe economy of Taiwan and decided mush- policy, we will not aid such countries. gration in New York City, N.Y., which rooms might do the trick. They sent over
The aid which moves out from this had been reported from the Committee prize spores, taught the peasants how to
on Banking and Currency, with amendcultivate. The new industry literally mush- country is unilateral aid. Therefore, I roomed.
do not consider this as invidious conduct, ments, on page 3, line 3, after “DecemThe first mushrooms from Taiwan started because we will drive home to those who ber 31,", to strike out "1973" and insert coming into this country in 1960. Exports are using our assistance the uselessness "1965”, and in line 4, after the word doubled the following year, doubled again in of their aggressive action and the fact "struck”, to insert “under the authority 1962. Now Formosan mushrooms account that the United States will not put up of this Act”; so as to make the bill read: for 25 percent of American consumption of
with a continuation of the abuses which the edible fungi.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of they practice. It is hard to disagree with those American
Representatives of the United States of businessmen who are plaintively asking a
We have provided reasonable limita- America in Congress assembled, That, in rather deaf Uncle Sam: "Isn't it time some
tions on use of aid under the Alliance commemoration of three congressionally charity began at home?" for Progress to make sure that our ob
designated national historic shrines located jectives will be met. There is no reason
in New York City, New York, scheduled by
the National Park Service of the United why we should not expect as much by FOREIGN AID
States Department of the Interior for official placing conditions upon our assistance
opening during the New York World's Fair, Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, the to other countries. We should make
1964–1965; namely, Federal Hall National meaning of the Senate's action in adopt- sure that our assistance is used for the Memorial, Castle Clinton National Monuing amendments banning aid to Indo- purposes of bringing about a higher ment, and Statue of Liberty National Monnesia and the United Arab Republic is to standard of living and for social and eco
ument American Museum of Immigration, place Congress squarely behind the prin- nomic stability. We must be sure it
the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized
and directed to strike and furnish to the ciple that our aid should be used for the is not used as a substitute for other re
New York City National Shrines Advisory purposes for which it is intended; that sources which are used for aggression,
Board a Liberty Series of three different is, for the achievement of higher living or to buttress rulers who would engage
medals of a grand total of no more than standards, peace, and stability. in subversion or threaten to destroy
seven hundred and sixty-five thousand When it becomes obvious to the Presi- other countries which we are similarly medals with suitable emblems, devices, and dent that our aid is being misused and aiding.
inscriptions to be determined by the New diverted by the rulers of the above- So I see a real continuity of policy in York City National Shrines Advisory Board mentioned or any other countries for ag- respect to the provision which we adopt- and subject to the approval of the Secretary gressive actions and to develop a mili- ed as to Yugoslavia, Indonesia, and the of the Treasury. The medals shall be made tary potential which threatens the basic United Arab Republic.
and delivered at such times as may be reobjectives of our policy, then Congress Since I know it must be implemented quired by the advisory board in quantities of has said very firmly that it wants such by the State Department, I hope the
not less than two thousand. The medals aid stopped. We cannot succeed in our administration will understand our pur
shall be considered to be national medals efforts for peace in a free world if we pose and that it will not be necessary
within the meaning of section 3551 of the continue to assist those who are deter- for us to proceed in a condign way to
Revised Statutes. mined to undermine it. And we should try to limit what should be the free hand
SEC. 2. The Secretary of the Treasury shall
cause such medals to be struck and furnot be placed in the embarrassing pre- of the President of the United States
nished at not less than the estimated cost dicament of giving aid to countries who to deal with the foreign policy of this
of manufacture, including labor, materials, promptly dissipate it by threatening or country.
dies, use of machinery, and overhead exengaging in hostilities with each other
penses; and security satisfactory to the Dior with other nations who are also re
rector of the Mint shall be furnished to ceiving our assistance.
ORDER OF BUSINESS
indemnify the United States for full payWe would thus drive home to those Mr. DOMINICK obtained the floor. ment of such cost. who are misusing our assistance the Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, will SEC. 3. The medals authorized to be issued uselessness of their aggressive actions the Senator yield, with the understand- pursuant to this bill shall be of such size and the fact that the United States willing that he will not lose the floor, so as or sizes and of such metals as shall be denot put up with a continuation of the to permit the consideration of bills to termined by the Secretary of the Treasury abuse of this program. We have put which there is no objection? The Sena
in consultation with such advisory board. reasonable conditions on our aid to Latin tor from Colorado can then be recog
SEC. 4. After December 31, 1965, no further America to insure that our objectives nized for the full 3 minutes, and more if
medals shall be struck under the authority will be met. There is no reason why we he needs it.
of this Act. cannot expect as much from the appli- Mr. DOMINICK. I yield.
The amendments were agreed to. cation of our assistance to other coun- The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without The bill was ordered to be engrossed tries. We must be sure that U.S. as- objection, it is so ordered.
for a third reading, read the third time, sistance is used to support and reinforce
and passed. peace between the nations who are receiving our aid, and become a resource
Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, on behalf for the development of higher living Mr. MANSFIELD,
of myself and my colleague [Mr. KEAT
Mr. President, I standards and greater economic cooper- ask unanimous consent that the Senate
ING] I thank the majority leader for ation for peace.
proceed to the consideration of Calendar bringing up S. 2079, the medal bill. Mr. President, I think it is important, No. 610, S. 2079, and certain other meas
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I since the Senate took some action yes- ures to which there is no objection. ask unanimous consent to have printed terday on the foreign aid bill which in- The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there in the RECORD an excerpt from the revolved Yugoslavia, Indonesia, and the objection? The Chair hears none, and port (No. 633), explaining the purposes United Arab Republic, to show the con- it is so ordered.
of the bill.
There being no objection, the excerpt in the RECORD an excerpt from the report
THE PROPOSED STUDY was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, (No. 634), explaining the purposes of the S. 2032 would authorize and requireas follows: bill.
“An immediate study of alternative proPURPOSE OF THE BILL
There being no objection, the excerpt grams which could be established to help S. 2079 would provide for the issuance of was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, ing property losses in flood disasters, includ
provide financial assistance to those suffera liberty series consisting of three different as follows:
ing alternative methods of Federal flood national medals to commemorate three con
PURPOSE OF THE BILL
insurance, as well as the existing flood ingressionally designated national historic
S. 2032 would direct the Housing and surance program.” shrines located in New York City: the Fed
Home Finance Administrator to undertake The bill provides that the report to be eral Hall National Memorial, the Castle Clin
a study of alternative programs to help pro- filed must includeton National Monument, and the Statue of
vide financial assistance to victims of fu- “An indication of the feasibility of each Liberty National Monument American Mu
ture flood disasters, including the present program studied, an estimate of its cost to seum of Immigration. Up to 765,000 of these
and other possible Federal flood insurance the Federal Government and to property medals would be furnished to the New York
programs, and related matters. A report owners on the basis of reasonable assumpCity National Shrines Advisory Board, which
would be made to the Congress within 9 would reimburse the mint for the full cost
tions, and the legal authority for State fimonths from the enactment of the act or nancial participation." of manufacture for resale to provide funds
the appropriation of funds, whichever might In addition, the bill requires the report to complete these shrines. be later.
to include, with respect to each method of The Treasury Department has recommend
BACKGROUND OF THE BILL ed that the bill, as introduced, be amended
flood insurance considered
S. 2032 was introduced on August 8, 1963. to limit the time within which these medals
“An indication of the schedule of estimated , Favorable reports were received from the may be struck to 2 years, instead of the 10
rates adequate to pay all claims for probHousing and Home Finance Agency on Au- able losses over a reasonable period of years, years proposed, and has suggested an addi
gust 23, the Bureau of the Budget on tional technical amendment. Sponsors of
the feasibility of Federal flood plain zoning September 5, and the Small Business Adthe bill have agreed to these amendments
for the purpose of selecting areas which may ministration on September 13. Copies of which are reflected in the bill as reported. these letters are printed below as part of this
be excluded from insurance coverage, and
the feasibility of initiating a flood insurance The importance of the historic shrines report.
program on an experimental basis in desigwhich these medals would commemorate,
S. 2032, 88th Congress, is identical with and their relationship to the 1964 New York
nated pilot areas.” S. 3066, 87th Congress, 2d session, as reWorld's Fair, are set forth in a letter from
The Housing and Home Finance Adminisported by this committee. S. 3066 was Senator JAVITS which is printed below as
trator testified at the hearing on s. 3066 passed by the Senate on July 25, 1962, but part of this report. A letter from the Treas
in 1962 that the agency had consulted with it did not become law. ury Department commenting on the bill is
the Corps of Engineers, the Geological Sur
PREVIOUS LEGISLATION also printed below as part of the report.
vey, the Weather Bureau, the Department Floods and other disasters have called for of Agriculture, and the Bureau of the BudgFederal action for many generations. Some- et as to the type of study which might be
times this action has taken the form of pre- understood under the resolution. These FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO VICVIC- ventive public works along the coasts and agencies concluded that it would be desir
able to make a detailed study of seven or TIMS OF FUTURE FLOOD DISAS- rivers of the United States, sometimes it
has taken the form of relief to the victims eight selected areas for which hydrological TERS of these disasters.
data and contour maps are available. The bill (s. 2032) to authorize a study Following the disastrous floods of 1955 The Administrator testified that of methods of helping to provide financial and 1956, the Senate Banking and Currency “The areas selected would provide approassistance to victims of future flood dis- Committee made a thorough study of the priate geographical representation and in
clude coastal as well as inland flood plain asters was considered, ordered to be problem of floods and other disasters and
of Federal assistance to the victims of such areas and would vary in size and include engrossed for a third reading, read the
disasters. Extensive hearings were held by residential, industrial, and commercial dethird time, and passed, as follows:
the committee in those years, both in the velopments. The hydrological data relating Be it enacted by the Senate and House of District of Columbia and in many of the to these areas could then be studied to deRepresentatives of the United States of affected areas. In addition, the committee velop estimates of the probability of occurAmerica in Congress assembled, That the issued a staff study on the subject of Fed- rence of floods. These could be delineated on Housing and Home Finance Administrator eral disaster insurance (S. Rept. 1313, 84th contour maps so as to indicate the sections of shall undertake an immediate study of alter- Cong.). This study contained an extensive the areas which would be inundated by floods native programs which could be established collection of information on the subject of of various probabilities of occurrence. In to help provide financial assistance to those floods and other disasters and the damages addition, a study could be made of the value suffering property losses in flood disasters, resulting therefrom. It also contained a sur- of the properties subject to flooding, the including alternative methods of Federal vey of the relief provided by the Federal estimated damages to these properties when flood insurance, as well as the existing flood
Government and by State, local, and private floods do occur, and the estimated average insurance program, and shall report his find- organizations to the victims of disasters. annual damage. With this information estiings and recommendations to the President Following the committee's investigation of mated insurance premium rates could be defor submission to the Congress not later than the matter, a bill was reported out by the
veloped which would be necessary to cover nine months after the enactment of this Act committee (S. Rept. 1864, 84th Cong.), which the average annual loss in these particular or the appropriation of funds for this study,
became the Federal Flood Insurance Act of areas and a determination would be made as whichever is later. The report shall include, 1956 (Public Law 1016, 84th Cong.).
to whether it would be feasible to initiate a among other things, an indication of the This act provided for the establishment of
flood insurance program on an experimental feasibility of each program studied, an esti- three programs-a Federal flood insurance
basis. mate of its cost to the Federal Government program, a Federal flood reinsurance proand to property owners on the basis of gram, and a Federal loan contract program
“If this study is authorized we would work reasonable assumptions, and the legal au- covering flood losses. Upon the enactment
of this act, the Federal Flood Indemnity Federal departments and agencies, particuthority for State financial participation.
in close cooperation with the appropriate With respect to each method of flood insur- Administration was created as a constituent larly the Corps of Engineers, the Geological ance considered, the report shall include an unit of the Housing and Home Finance indication of the schedule of estimated rates
Survey, the Weather Bureau, and TVA, which
have accumulated a wealth of data and adequate to pay all claims for probable losses with other Federal agencies, with State and
knowledge pertaining to floods and flood over a reasonable period of years, the feasilocal governments, and with the insurance
plains, and the Department of Agriculture, bility of Federal flood plain zoning for the
industry. However, no satisfactory program which administers the Federal crop insurance purpose of selecting areas which may be was developed, and following the refusal of
program through the Federal Crop Insurance excluded from insurance coverage, and the
the Congress to grant appropriations to pro- Corporation. The Corps of Engineers would feasibility of initiating a flood insurance pro
vide funds for the flood indemnity program, conduct the studies in the pilot areas and gram on an experimental basis in designated
the Federal Flood Indemnity Administration an analysis of these studies would be carried pilot areas. There is hereby authorized to
was abolished and a final report on its activi- on in cooperation with the corps, the Geobe appropriated such sums as are necessary
ties was transmitted to the Congress by the logical Survey, and the Weather Bureau. to carry out the purposes of this Act.
President on July 28, 1958 (H. Doc. 426, 85th Both the TVA and the Corps of Engineers
Cong.). A copy of this report was printed have developed programs of assistance and Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I as a part of the committee's hearings on information in the field of flood plain zonask unanimous consent to have printed S. 3066, 87th Congress.
ing. We would look to these agencies for
advice on problems that relate to zoning. the comma and "but not later than Janu- Whereas the Outdoor Recreation Resources We would also consult with the Council of ary 31, 1965”, and in line 17, after the Review Commission has indicated that sightState Governments, which, for many years, word “exceed”, to strike out “$50,000” has expressed keen interest in flood plain
one outdoor recreational activity: Therefore zoning and flood insurance. Representatives and insert "$20,000”; so as to make the
be it of the insurance industry who we under resolution read:
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I stand were most cooperative in the plan
S. RES. 217 ning of the flood indemnity program under
ask unanimous consent to have printed
[Rept. No. 635] the Federal Flood Insurance Act of 1956
Resolved, that the Committee on Public in the RECORD an excerpt from the report would be consulted with reference to the Works, or any duly authorized subcommittee
(No. 635) explaining the purposes of studies on the feasibility of flood insurance
thereof, is authorized under sections 134 (a) the resolution. programs."
and 136 of the Legislative Reorganization There being no objection, the excerpt On May 31, 1962, the President issued a
Act of 1946, as amended, and in accordance was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, statement expressing his support for the bill
with its jurisdiction specified by rule XXV and indicating that a supplemental request
as follows: of the Standing Rules of the Senate, to make for appropriations of approximately one-half a detailed study and investigation concern
The proposed resolution would authorize million dollars to finance the study would be
a Public Works Committee study of the poing the role that the development and estabsubmitted at the appropriate time. lishment of a national system of scenic high
tentialities and feasibility of a national Since s. 2032 only authorizes appropriaways could play in the Nation's recreation
scenic roads system with consideration of tions, the committee expected that any approgram. Such study and investigation shall
design criteria, alternative methods of fundpropriate further details with respect to the include, but not be limited to: (1) an an
ing, the extent of local and State participaproposed study, and a detailed justification alysis of the functions of such a system, (2)
tion, the level of present state planning, as of every aspect of it, would be presented to
well as other aspects. the design criteria to be utilized, (3) the the Appropriations Committees. methods of financing the necessary con
The Interstate System is showing good “[S. 2032, 88th Cong., 1st sess.) struction, (4) the status of existing State
progress toward resolving the transportation
problems between our major population "A bill to authorize a study of methods of plans for scenic highway systems, (5) the
nature and extent of Federal, State,
centers. But with the continuation of the helping to provide financial assistance to victims of future flood disasters local participation and responsibility, and
long-term population trend to the large (6) recommendations for Federal, State, and
metropolitan areas there is a growing need “Be it enacted by the Senate and House local action.
to provide access of urban dwellers to scenic of Representatives of the United States of
SEC. 2. For the purposes of this resolu
and outdoor recreation areas. America in Congress assembled, That the tion the committee, from the date on which
The Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Housing and Home Finance Administrator this resolution is agreed to through Janu
Commission recently reported that the most shall undertake an immediate study of alterary 31, 1964, is authorized (1) to make such
popular form of recreation (20.7 percent) is native programs which could be established
expenditures as it deems advisable; (2) to driving. Thus the drive through the counto help provide financial assistance to those employ upon a temporary basis technical,
tryside is the first priority for those who suffering property losses in flood disasters, clerical, and other assistants and consul
seek outdoor recreation, including alternative methods of Federal flood insurance, as well as the existing flood thorized to select one person for appointtants: Provided, That the minority is au
However, less sedentary pursuits have in
recent years shown a marked increase. insurance program, and shall report his find- ment, and the person selected shall be ap
While population increased 19 percent from ings and recommendations to the President pointed and his compensation shall be so
1952 to 1962, recreation visits to the national for submission to the Congress not later fixed that his gross rate shall not be less by
forests during the same period increased than nine months after the enactment of more than $1,600 than the highest gross rate
240 percent, from 33 million in 1952 to 113 this Act or the appropriation of funds for paid to any other employee; and (3) with
million in 1962. Thus, there is an evident this study, whichever is later. The report the prior consent of the heads of the de
and growing need for a scenic and recreashall include, among other things, an indipartments or agencies concerned, and the
tional highway program linked to the Intercation of the feasibility of each program Committee on Rules and Administration, to
state System. The proposed study would exstudied, an estimate of its cost to the Federal
utilize the reimbursable services, informa- plore the means of meeting this need and Government and to property owners on the tion, facilities, and personnel of any of the
of coordinating existing and proposed scenic basis of reasonable assumptions, and the legal departments or agencies of the Government.
and recreation highways. authority for State financial participation.
SEC. 3. The committee shall report its find
There are at present some 28,000 miles With respect to each method of flood inings upon the study and investigation au
of forest highways administered by the surance considered, the report shall include thorized by this resolution together with its
States which, though providing an extensive an indication of the schedule of estimated recommendations for such legislation as it
network, do not constitute a system. In rates adequate to pay all claims for probable deems advisable to the Senate at the earliest addition, there are more than 186,000 miles losses over a reasonable period of years, the practicable date.
of forest development roads which are prinfeasibility of Federal flood plain zoning for SEC. 4. The expenses of the committee cipally designed and built to serve timber the purpose of selecting areas which may be under this resolution which shall not exceed
hauling, but which, under the Multiple-Use excluded from insurance coverage, and the $20,000 shall be paid from the contingent Act of 1960, are to be administered by the feasibility of initiating a flood insurance pro- fund of the Senate upon vouchers approved
Forest Service for recreational uses as well. gram on an experimental basis in designated by the chairman of the committee.
Also under the administration of the pilot areas. There is hereby authorized to be
Forest Service are three preliminary reconappropriated such sums as are necessary to
The amendments were agreed to. naisance studies and cost estimates for carry out the purposes of this Act.”
The resolution, as amended, was scenic and recreation roads in national foragreed to.
ests: 160 miles in the Monongahela National
Forest in West Virginia, 48 miles in the STUDY OF NATIONAL SYSTEM OF
The preamble was amended, so as to read:
Nantahala National Forest in North CaroSCENIC HIGHWAYS
lina, and 55 miles in the Ouachita National
Whereas an adequate recreational program The Senate proceeded to consider the is essential to the well-being of our citizens;
Forest of Arkansas and Oklahoma. Other
projects on public lands include 45 miles resolution (S. Res. 217) to authorize a
in the Carson National Forest in New Mexistudy of a national system of scenic Whereas the recreational needs of the Na- co, bridge and section of highway crossing highways which had been reported from tion are growing at an ever-increasing rate; the Colorado River at Hite, Utah, and roads the Committee on Public Works with
on Federal lands in Georgia, Montana, and amendments, on page 2, line 19, after
Whereas these needs are intensified be- Arizona. “January 31,", to strike out "1965" and
cause the recreational facilities available to In addition, the National Park Service insert "1964"; on page 3, at the beginour citizens are limited; and
administers 7,000 miles of roads in 26 mil
Whereas the Congress has shown its ning of line 1, to strike out “consul- recognition of these needs by providing
lions acres of federally owned lands, which
received a total visitation in 1961 of 80 tants;" and insert "consultants: Pro- within the limited areas which remain for million. vided, That the minority is authorized to the development of national parks and na- Finally, the study would consider means select one person for appointment, and tional seashore; and
of facilitating the development and incorthe person selected shall be appointed Whereas there are miles of shoreline along poration of the proposed Great River Road and his compensation shall be so fixed the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic Oceans, the in a national system of scenić highways. that his gross rate shall not be less by of forest, park, river and valley, and moun
gulf coast, and the Great Lakes, and miles To study and evaluate all of the aforemenmore than $1,600 than the highest gross tain scenery which provide an excellent po
tioned, as well as such State scenic road rate paid to any other employee;" in line tential for scenic highway recreational use;
programs as that of California, with a view
toward developing a national system would 15, after the word “date”, to strike out and
be the purpose of the proposed inquiry.
The bill contains adequate safeguards to re- Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I It is the view of the committee that the quire local interests to provide for develop
ask that the President be notified imstudy as proposed by this resolution would ment of public terminal and transfer facili
mediately of the confirmation of the be extremely valuable in providing the Con- ties on a portion of the riverfront property
nomination. gress with the necessary facts to determine if necessitated in the future.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without whether there shall be a nationwide pro
COST gram of coordinated, as opposed to piecemeal
objection, the President will be notified
The enactment of H.R. 5244 would involve development of scenic roads designed to
forthwith. no cost to the United States. serve the needs of the millions of Americans who desire outdoor recreation and the op- Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, portunity to appreciate the beauty of Amerthose are all the bills on the calendar
LEGISLATIVE SESSION ica's natural resources. to be taken up at this time.
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I The committee therefore recommends the approval of this resolution.
move that the Senate resume the con
sideration of legislative business. EXECUTIVE SESSION
The motion was agreed to; and the USE OF CERTAIN PROPERTY AT
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I
Senate resumed the consideration of legMUSCATINE, IOWA, FOR PUBLIC
islative business. move that the Senate proceed to the conPARK sideration of executive business, for the
Mr. MANSFIELD. I thank the Sena
tor from Colorado [Mr. DOMINICK] for The bill (H.R. 5244) to modify the consideration of the one nomination on
the calendar. project on the Mississippi River at Mus
his courtesy. The motion was agreed to; and the
Mr. DOMINICK. Mr. Presidentcatine, Iowa, to permit the use of certain property for public park purposes Senate proceeded to consider executive
Mr. GRUENING. Mr. President, is
the Senate still in the morning hour? was considered, ordered to a third read- business.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The ing, read the third time, and passed.
Senator from Colorado is recognized. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent to have printed
EXECUTIVE MESSAGES REFERRED in the RECORD an excerpt from the report
The PRESIDING OFFICER laid be- FOREIGN AID AND FOREIGN POLICY (No. 636) explaining the purposes of the fore the Senate messages from the Presibill.
Mr. DOMINICK. Mr. President, we dent of the United States submitting There being no objection, the excerpt sundry nominations, which
have been talking about the foreign aid
were rewas ordered to be printed in the RECORD, ferred to the appropriate committees.
bill for a few weeks, and I presume the as follows:
debate will continue for some time. (For nominations this day received,
What the bill involves, basically, is PURPOSE OF THE BILL see the end of Senate proceedings.)
whether or not the foreign policies which The purpose of H.R. 5244 is to modify the The PRESIDING OFFICER. If there
have been in effect for a number of years project for a small-boat harbor and public be no reports of committees, the nomlanding area on the Mississippi River at ination on the Executive Calendar will number of speeches, not only on the sit
have been successful. I have made a Muscatine, Iowa, authorized by the River
be stated. and Harbor Act approved May 17, 1950 (64
uation in Cuba, but also on other relaStat. 166), to permit the use of certain
tionships of foreign policy since Presiproperty for public park and recreation
dent Kennedy was inaugurated, and have purposes.
FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
declared that his foreign policy has been GENERAL STATEMENT
The legislative clerk read the nomina- a dismal failure. I still think it has been Muscatine Harbor is located on the Mis
tion of J. Dewey Daane, of Virginia, to a dismal failure, and that it will continue sissippi River along the waterfront of the
be a member of the Board of Governors to be so long as the present policies are city of Muscatine, Iowa, about 465 miles of the Federal Reserve System.
pursued. above the mouth of the Ohio River. The project consists of a small-boat harbor, with
Mr. PROXMIRE. Mr. President, Mr. The other day I was very much intera minimum depth of 5 feet, protected by a
Daane appeared before the Banking and ested to hear an impassioned speech by rockfill breakwater, and an approach area Currency Committee yesterday and made the distinguished Senator from Minnewith a depth of 9 feet to a public landing an excellent impression. His nomina- sota (Mr. HUMPHREY] on the Alliance site for freight, commerce, and industrial tion was unanimously supported by all for Progress, and what a great underdevelopment. The dredge spoil from the
members of the committee. He is one of taking the Alliance for Progress is. approach area was deposited to create the
the best qualified men ever appointed to I have before me a publication entisite for the public landing and an industrial the Federal Reserve Board.
tled “Pan American Headlines,” for area, The project was authorized by the River
I also want to say that his attitude on September October 1963, which lists four and Harbor Act of 1950, in accordance with monetary policies are in conflict with principal planks of the Kennedy program the plan of improvement recommended by mine, and I believe at least partly with in Latin America. In 212 years all four the Chief of Engineers in House Document those of the distinguished senior Senator of these Kennedy-accepted policies have No. 733, 80th Congress. One of the require from Illinois (Mr. DOUGLAS).
either failed or shown their stark unments of local cooperation was that upon I make the point because in the future workability.
workability. One of these happens to completion of the fill for the industrial site,
there may be equally qualified men whose be the Alliance for Progress. local interests would provide adequate public terminal and transfer facilities and ac
attitude may conflict with those of other Yesterday I was extremely interested cess roads, open to all on equal terms, and members of the committee. I hope other to read an interesting article published in a grain elevator.
members of the committee and of the the Wall Street Journal entitled "BleedConstruction of the project was completed
Senate who may disagree on some as- ing in Brazil," written by a highly qualin May 1961, at a Federal cost of $300,680. pects of policy will recognize the Presi- ified reporter, Henry Gemmill. The artiThe commerce envisioned by local interests dent's right to appoint qualified men
cle deals with the problems which U.S. which would utilize the proposed commer- who may have divergent views on mone- private enterprise and the AID program cial landing facilities at the completed proj
tary policy to the Federal Reserve Board. are having in Brazil. The article is so ect has not developed. Local officials at
I hope that other members of the Bank- pertinent that I believe I should read an Muscatine desire to use an area of about 10 acres of this land, which is owned by the
ing Committee will vote to approve quali- excerpt from it, and then ask that the city, for public park and recreational pur
fied Presidential appointees to the Fed- entire article be printed in the RECORD poses, in conjunction with the adjacent city eral Reserve Board in the future, al- at the conclusion of my remarks. park. H.R. 5244 would permit such use, and though those appointees may agree with Mr. Gemmill writes: would further require that local interests Senator DOUGLAS and me, and disagree The Brazilian Government, delinquent on provide and maintain at local expense ade- with them.
around $100 million of crude oil import bills quate public terminal and transfer facilities
I hope this nomination will be con- piled up over the past year, is demanding inopen to all on equal terms. firmed.
ternational oil companies wrap the debt in a The Department of the Army, as well as local interests, consider that under the cir
pay-later package and stick it in a dark closet. PRESIDING OFFICER. The
Simultaneously, the Government is insisting cumstances which exist at Muscatine the question is, Will the Senate advise and
the same companies' distributing subsidiaries conditions of local cooperation have been consent to this nomination? Without inside Brazil pay pronto a tax far exceeding fulfilled to the extent presently possible, objection, the nomination is confirmed. their resources. Any company resisting either demand faces the threat of being 2. To rid the hemisphere of all remain- next the deposition of leftist President tossed out of the Brazilian oil business. ing dictators or military governments and to Arosemena in Ecuador-wrecked the South
replace them by democracies on the U.S. American plans of the Betancourt coterie. This is only in connection with the promodel.
However, Juan Bosch's triumph in the Domgram so far as the Alliance for Progress
3. To bulwark these democracies by a wide- inican Republic gave them an unexpected is concerned.
ranging program of economic development, reach into the Caribbean. Last summer, I ask unanimous consent that the arti- principally financed by Washington, and pre
principally financed by Washington, and pre- Betancourt even contemplated a barefaced cle, published in the Pan American tentiously named, Alliance for Progress. conquest of Haiti, to add to his satellite Headlines, and the one to which I have
4. To use Socialists and crypto-Commu- domain. Upon this power plan, the fall of
Bosch drops like a knell. The dream of a just referred, published in the Wall nists as our shock troops against commu
nism in the Americas and to back these left- third force of crypto-Communist countries Street Journal, be printed in the RECORD
ists, when they came to power, with full holding the balance of power in the Amerat the conclusion of my remarks. U.S. support.
icas is now shattered. The American liberals The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without
In 242 years, all four of these Kennedy- who glowingly supported this idea, are now objection, it is so ordered.
accepted policies have either failed or shown confounded by the remorseless logic of (See exhibit 1.) their stark unworkability.
events. Mr. DOMINICK. In addition, we have 1. The Cuba liberation which, under 1961 With this elaborate program of change ly
ing about him in ruins, after only two and a seen a complete disarray amongst our conditions, should have been a quick cleanNATO allies in connection with our forup job foundered 4 months after Inaugura- half years, Mr. Kennedy faces some hardnose
decisions. tion Day, at the Bay of Pigs, as a result of eign policy. I have before me, under the President's own irresolution. When, 18
Will he continue to press his
program now that Latin Americans have so date of October 21, a letter forwarded months later, Mr. Kennedy had a second plainly demonstrated that they don't want from Toronto, Ontario, enclosing a copy chance, in the October 22, 1962, confronta- it? Can he untangle himself from the docof an editorial from the Financial Post, tion, he flunked the test again. Today, Cas- trinaire liberal advisers who are pressuring which is referred to as “Canada's na- tro's rule in Cuba stands at its strongest him to go further with these unworkable tional weekly of business, investment, peak.
experiments? Mr. Kennedy must soon come and public affairs." The article, pub
2. The “end dictatorship” project has also up with the answers. lished in the October 19 issue of the Washington-encouraged fall of Trujillo in
come to an unhappy dead end. After the Financial Post, is entitled "Kennedy to the Dominican Republic, only three dictator- [From the Wall Street Journal, Nov. 5, 1963] Meany to Hall to Banks." The subhead ships or military governments remained in BLEEDING IN BRAZIL: LATIN GIANT BEMOANS reads "Alliance, Yes; Holy, No." the hemisphere-Paraguay, Haiti and Nica
EXPLOITATION BUT PUTS SQUEEZE ON U.S. This is a really biting article, criticizing ragua. Today, their number has increased
FIRMS—LAND DELAYS $100 MILLION OIL IMthis administration in connection with to six. New accessions—Guatemala, Ecuador,
PORT PAYMENT BUT INSISTS FIRMS PAY BIG its activities in Canadian labor affairs and now the Dominican Republic.
Tax PRONTO-AID DILEMMA FOR WASHINGand labor disputes on the Great Lakes.
The situation is even more disheartening
TON It shows once more how we are interfer- Two other powerful nations-Peru and Arfrom the Berle-Muñoz-Marín point of view.
(By Henry Gemmill) ing with our own free world allies in an gentina—have also found it necessary dur
RIO DE JANEIRO.-Who is draining the lifeeffort, apparently, to satisfy local politi- ing the Kennedy period to suspend democ
blood out of whom here? cal pressures in the United States, in an racy by action of the military in order to
Foreign trusts-U.S. exploiters worst of
all—are bleeding this country, answer many area where we have no right whatever, forestall the Communists. Both have sub
Brazilians. But to many Americans, it looks and in which we are doing nothing at all sequently restored democratic rule.
as if Brazil is bleeding the companies, and to guarantee any friendship or coopera
The curve of democracy in Latin America
the U.S. Government, too. tion from the Canadians as a whole.
has turned steadily downward since 1963.
The Brazilian opinion is widespread. "The I ask unanimous consent that the arti- September 12, 1960, that if elected he would
country cannot bear the heavy onus on its cle from the Financial Post may also be end all dictators in this hemisphere in 3
development entailed by enrichment of priviprinted in the RECORD at the conclusion
leged groups who unduly appropriate the years. of my remarks.
3. The Alliance for Progress, which was
fruits of Brazilians' labor," says a memo The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without unwrapped at the White House with such splashed on the front pages of Rio newsobjection, it is so ordered. fanfare on March 14, 1961, has proved pretty papers and signed by President Goulart.
Other politicians agree that Brazil is (See exhibit 2.) much of a dud. With few exceptions, the
despoiled by Yankee investors, traders, and Latin American countries, while they still EXHIBIT 1
even foreign aiders. Communists say the avidly accept the American handouts, are [From Pan American Headlines, September- completely disenchanted. Only the well-paid
same thing, and so do nationalist tycoons. October 1963) professional staff members, like Mr. Moscoso,
Yet Americans in rebuttal can cite these KENNEDY POLICIES
facts: TOTTERING IN LATIN still sing its praises. AMERICA-LEFT-LIBERAL PROGRAM AN- This jaundiced view also seems to pre
The Brazilian Government, delinquent on NOUNCED IN 1961 NOW SEEN TO BE UN- vail in our own Congress which has just
around $100 million of crude oil import bills WORKABLE
sliced $150 million off the Kennedy-requested piled up over the past year, is demanding The crashing fall of Juan Bosch in the
international oil companies wrap the debt Alliance for Progress appropriations for 1964.
in a pay-later package and stick it in a dark Dominician Republic was more than a pass- Although the President has now committed
closet. Simultaneously the Government is ing political incident. It rang down the cur- $2,180 million of American taxpayers' money
insisting the same companies' distributing tain upon the whole unworkable
Kennedy to the Alliance, he himself admitted sadly subsidiaries inside Brazil pay pronto a tax plan for Latin America. in August that "we have a long, long way
far exceeding their resources. Any company Bosch's rule in the Dominican Republic to go, and in fact, in some ways the road
resisting either demand faces the threat of was a keystone of this plan. As Tad Szulc seems longer than it was when we started.”
being tossed out of the Brazilian oil business. pointed out in the New York Times (Sep- 4. But dearest to the liberal heart was the tember 8), the Bosch regime “has the anx- "we must support the Socialists" proposal.
FOREIGN AID FRUSTRATION ious blessings of the Kennedy administra- The liberal advisers who sold Mr. Kennedy U.S. foreign aiders have been doubletion." Bosch's election last December was this preposterous idea contemplated a chain crossed on some Brazilian Government comgreeted by the whole rout of administra- belt of Socialist and crypto-Communist ruled mitments. Sample: Trying to use for good tion leftists as the signal of the success of nations dominating the Caribbean and bi- works the local currency from huge gift the left-liberal program for Latin Amer- secting South America. The pivot man in "sales" of wheat to Brazil, they've had as ica. This is the program which was sold to this plan was to be Romulo Betancourt, much as 22 billion cruzeiros blocked in the President Kennedy in December 1960, before President of Venezuela, whom Mr. Kennedy Development Bank—while a blast of inflation his inauguration, by Adolf A. Berle, Luis foolishly hailed in 1962 as “the kind of melts the value of this money as if it were Muñoz-Marín, and Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. President the United States wants in South butter in an oven. So far the Government
The signal has now proved to be delusive. America.” With Betancourt's Venezuela as bank has let them finance exactly one proj
One by one, the Berle-Muñoz-Marin pro- a sort of hub, the liberals envisaged a stretch ect, helping a private concern produce synposals have shattered upon the rock of ac- of leftist countries including Costa Rica, thetic rubber. tuality. Bosch's fall is likely to be the final Bolivia, Ecuador and eventually Chile. They Brazil, having gained a host of modern melancholy chapter.
would be a powerful, cohesive bloc in the factories by Government lures to foreign corThe ambitious plan which Berle submitted OAS and it was assumed (a farfetched as- porations during the 1950's, enacted in 1962 to the President shortly after Inauguration sumption) that they would back the United a law limiting annual profit remittances Day, as head of the President's Latin Amer- States more dependably than would the con- abroad to 10 percent of investment. Fair ican task force, embraced four main objec- servative-ruled countries.
enough in theory, perhaps, and seemingly tives. These were:
Two big setbacks, both executed by the of little significance since United States and 1. To bring about the early liberation of military-first the sidetracking of crypto- European owners have plowed most earnings Cuba.
Communist Haya de la Torre in Peru, and back into their businesses. CDX- -1352