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the Cuban and Egyptian Governments in or any other amendment on the table. Information coming to me indicates supplying these weapons to Algeria?

It will be up to the proponents of the shortage of cars affects all carriers in all Answer. The recent Algerian-Moroccan af

bill to decide whether they wish to supfair has underlined to us the importance of

areas. The average daily shortage of

boxcars for the past 3 weeks of October other countries, other powers, staying out of port such a motion. it. These two great Arab people, two ma

I think that will be the best way to was as follows: ghrebian people, ought to be able to resolve assure further amendments being adopt

Week ending October 12, 12,158 cars. their problems between themselves, and ed during this debate, because this tactic Week ending October 19, 14,104 cars. within an African framework.

really is one way to try to accomplish Week ending October 26, 17,114 cars. Now, any intrusion from the outside sim

cloture in the Senate. A series of ply makes that more difficult, and raises the amendments to the bill are ready to be state do not have available sufficient

Because grain men and farmers in my possibility that still others might then come in and create a type of confrontation offered. We think they are needed

cars to move grain, ground storage has there which would be in the adverse interest amendments. We shall ask the Senate of both peoples concerned.

to work its will, and it will be for the been resorted to. As a temporary exI don't, myself, necessarily connect the Senate to decide in what form it wishes pedient, it has been used before but it Cuban ship with the particular incident that to work its will.

is not the way we should store our hararose at the borders, because the timing of

Mr. DIRKSEN. Mr. President, only a vests. It is uneconomic; it is costly; it the departure of these supplies from Cuba day or two ago, I was excoriated by the requires additional handling and it reactual outburst of the fighting. It might distinguished Senator from the Nutmeg sults in losses to all who must handle have been related to other problems there State of Connecticut (Mr. Dond] for lack there is ever present the threat that bad

the product. In addition to that loss of some other sort.


weather holds for this type of storage. But I think it is very important that others fire as the leader of the opposition. I

Contamination and deterioration takes keep out of that situation, so that these two was excoriated for failure to help excountries can settle this affair between them- pedite the business of the Senate.

dollars from our producers and businessselves, and within the framework of the


I mean to expedite the business of the OAU arrangements that are now in progress. Senate. I intend not only to offer a

At the present time there are two car isters of the OAU will be meeting on this motion to table the amendment of the service orders on boxcars outstanding, matter. The Emperor of Ethiopia and the Senator from Oregon, but to offer simi- which will be canceled as soon as servPresident of Mali have played a very constructive role in it, and we hope very ments, to get the bill off the Senate floor: after a crisis passed in the Midwestern lar motions with respect to other amend- ice order 947 becomes effective. A third

order was canceled earlier this year much that these two neighbors can get to Senators should be on notice as to what gether and work out this situation. Question. Mr. Secretary, would you please

I propose to do. If I am to be a vehicle States. Such action on the part of the or instrumentality of expedition, I will how closely they follow car service needs.

Interstate Commerce Commission shows assess the internal situation in Cuba, and particularly the presence or removal of the certainly discharge that role as nobody

The Chairman, his fellow CommissionRussian troops there?

else could do it. So let every Senator be Answer. I think there is nothing much to on notice as to what is going to happen ers, and their staff are to be highly comadd to what the President said on that at when the Senate reconvenes after Vet

mended for their attitude and for the his last press conference. There have been

manner in which they have shown outerans' Day, next week. substantial withdrawals of Soviet military

standing leadership in trying to bring

Mr. MANSFIELD. personnel in Cuba. I would not get into a

Mr. President, I about an equitable distribution of cars numbers game again about the precise nummove

and to handle these problems promptly, bers, but we do knoy that there have been Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, will the

The Chairman of the Interstate Comsignificant withdrawals.

Senator withhold his motion briefly? merce Commission, Hon. Laurence K. We also know that the situation inside of

Mr. MANSFIELD. I withhold my mo- Walrath, has been struggling with this Cuba is very tight, from the economic point

tion. of view, they are having considerable diffi

problem for a long time. His fellow culties.

Mr. MORSE. It is the right of the Commissioners have been aware of the One of the things that worries us most Senator from Illinois to make his mo- need for a more adequate fleet of boxabout Cuba, about which we are concerned, tion. We are now beginning to draw a cars. In past years they have submitted is the continued effort of Mr. Castro to in different line of division in the Senate. legislation time and again to the Conterfere in the affairs of other countries in If this is to be a tactic that will be used

gress. this hemisphere, and the other countries

to defeat the right of the minority-if Under the terms of S. 1063, an incenand we are working very closely to meet this and to deal with it as it arises.

we are a minority—to make a record in tive would be provided for railroads to I am thinking, for example, of such things behalf of a point of view in the Senate, increase their ownership of cars. This as that raid on the British island to recap

we are in for quite a contest between bill has the support of the Interstate ture some refugees, whose only offense was now and January 1. It will be most in Commerce Commission. To me, and to they tried to escape the prison Mr. Castro teresting to see what the legislative rec- many others this is the realistic approach has made out of Cuba.

ord of this body will be by January 1. to a solution of a constantly recurring I am thinking of the training of young men from other Latin American countries in

Mr. DIRKSEN. I accept the chal- problem which has become more acute terrorist and guerrilla tactics, with the idea lenge, I did not know there was a second over the years. that they would go back and engage in ter- minority in this body. But if there is, It is time to take constructive steps rorist activities in their own countries.

I gladly concede the point. But I serve to find the long-term answer to these I am thinking of such things as financial notice now as to what is going to hap- constant shortages. The real answer is subsidies to terrorists in other countries. pen when the Senate reconvenes.

enactment of legislation which would auThese are things that are disturbing the

thorize the Interstate Commerce Compeace of the Caribbean, and the Inter-Ameri

mission, in fixing the compensation to can system, and that is one of the focal points of our attitude toward Cuba. 'It just

be paid for the use of freight cars to give

ALLEVIATION OF SHORTAGE OF will not be permitted to happen, and we are

consideration to the level of car owner

RAILWAY FREIGHT CARS taking many different measures to interrupt

ship and additional factors which affect this kind of interference.

Mr. HRUSKA. Mr. President, this the adequacy of the national car supply. Question. Mr. Secretary, thank you.

morning the Interstate Commerce Com The per diem charge today is $2.88 for Answer. Thank you.

mission issued another car service or a boxcar. This rate provides no incender designed to alleviate the acute short- tive for a railroad to own cars. Roads age of railway freight cars.

operating in my area provide more than FOREIGN AD-MOTION TO TABLE

In the Midwest, and more particularly their share of cars for the national fleet. Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, I wish in Nebraska, the need for boxcars to Some railroads have been notoriously deto say a few words about the motion move grain continues to be most serious. ficient in providing enough cars for the made by the Senator from Illinois (Mr. Shortages have increased during recent traffic which their railroad generates. DIRKSEN], if I may have the attention weeks. The average daily boxcar short- So, of course, they rely on the generosity of the Senator from Illinois. There is age in Nebraska was as follows:

of other lines. Why should they invest no question that the Senator from Il

Week ending October 12, 2,604.

their money when it is cheaper to pay linois is within his parliamentary rights Week ending October 19, 3,130.

$2.88 per day in per diem charges? to move to lay the pending amendment Week ending October 26, 3,904.

There is no incentive because the Com

mission has not been able to consider a To handle the accumulation, railroads have good cause exists for making this order fair return on investment-a profit-in pressed into service many types of substitute effective upon less than 30 days' notice: setting per diem rates.

equipment. Hopper cars are being used to It is orderd, That:

load Presently the car fleet is losing 2,000

grain. Refrigerators cars are being

SECTION 95.947 RAILROAD OPERATING REGULAloaded with cotton bales. Even boxcars withcars per month. Total ownership is way

TIONS FOR FREIGHT CAR MOVEMENT out doors, awaiting repairs, are being asbelow World War II figures. In addition signed for cotton loading and other uses.

(a) Each common carrier by railroad subto this loss of cars, there is a substantial “The soybean, sorghum, and corn harvest is ject to the Interstate Commerce Act shall loss through failure to promptly repair practically completed, but millions of bushels

observe, enforce, and obey the following cars.

rules, regulations, and practices with respect of these crops are in elevators and still await The number of bad order cars

to its car service: remains high and one wonders if some

shipment to ports and terminals,” the Chairrailroads are even trying to do their fair man pointed out. "Furthermore, rice, cot

(1) Placing of cars ton, tobacco, and lumber interests already share of maintaining cars in their own

(a) Loaded cars, which after placement are requesting more cars than many carriers ership.

will be governed by demurrage rules applihave available. Recent information received

cable to detention of cars awaiting unloadThe railroads of this country are not from the U.S. Department of Agriculture in

ing, shall be actually or constructively placed meeting the needs of our business and dicates that the Commodity Credit Corpora

within 24 hours after the first 7 a.m., exindustrial shippers. Products of indus tion expects to transport between 900 mil

clusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, try and of the farmer must either move

lion and 1 billion bushels of grain during the following arrival at destination. to storage or to consumer markets. next months. This does not include possible

(b) Actual placement means placing of car When there is an unwillingness to protraffic demands stemming from negotiations

on consignee's tracks, or when for public for the sale of wheat to Russia. vide adequate facilities to do the job

"To alleviate the presently aggravated

delivery, placement on carrier's tracks acshippers will, of necessity place orders

companied by proper notice. shortage of boxcars, the Commission issued for transportation with other modes. Service Orders 939 and 945, restricting the

(c) When delivery of a car, either empty

or loaded, consigned or ordered to an indusS. 1063 is needed legislation which is loading of certain types and ownerships of in the national interest. Our Commitboxcars. Both orders are intended to insure

trial interchange track or to other-than-aprompt return of boxcars to owning lines in

public-delivery track cannot be made on actee on Commerce under the able leaderareas where a critical need exists.

count of any condition attributable to the ship of Senator WARREN MAGNUSON has already held comprehensive hearings on

“Our car service agents have been working consignee, such car will be held at destinaclosely with the railroads to help locate and

tion or, if it cannot reasonably be accommothe bill. I hope that the committee will speed the return of available boxcars to their

dated there, at an available hold point and take action on the bill at an early date owners. Most carriers have cooperated in

constructive placement notice shall be sent and that the legislation will be favorably this effort, but violations of these orders still

or given the consignee in writing within 24 are prevalent. To date 14 railroads have been

hours, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and reported to the Senate. prosecuted for failure to comply with the

holidays, after arrival of car at hold point. Mr. President, I ask unanimous conprovisions of Order No. 939. Additional com

(d) Loaded cars held at billed destination sent to have printed at this point in the plaints are being investigated. As immediate

for accessorial terminal services described RECORD a statement made by Chairman measures, the Commission has periodically

in the applicable tariffs, such as holding for Walrath on November 7; ICC Service Or

directed the Association of American Railorders or inspection, shall be placed on carder No. 947; and a statement, under date roads to issue embargo orders to relieve con- rier's or consignee's unloading or inspection of November 8, explaining provisions of gestion of unloaded cars arriving at certain

tracks, within 24 hours, exclusive of Saturthat order. terminal and port areas.

days, Sundays, and holidays, after arrival at There being no objection, the state

"However, the Commission's enforcement billed destination. On cars set off and held powers are inadequate to assure the fully

short of billed destination, a written notice ments and service order were ordered to coordinated effort necessary to cope with this

shall be sent or given to consignee within be printed in the RECORD, as follows: monumental shipping crisis. The shortage

24 hours following the first 7 a.m. after arICC CHAIRMAN URGES GREATER COOPERATION can be alleviated to a significant degree by

rival at hold point. BY RAILROADS, SHIPPERS, AND CONSIGNEES shippers loading cars as rapidly as possible

(2) Removal of cars TO ALLEVIATE FREIGHT CAR SHORTAGE and ordering no more cars than they pres

(a) Empty cars must be removed from Chairman Laurence K. Walrath of the In ently need. Also, the full cooperation of con

point of unloading or interchange tracks of terstate Commerce Commission today called signees is vital in expeditious handling of

industrial plants within 24 hours after the for a "fully coordinated effort” by railroads, cars arriving in greater numbers than usual.

first 7 a.m., exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, shippers, and consignees to achieve maximum Carrier cooperation is imperative in deliver

and holidays, following unloading or release possible utilization of the Nation's rapidly ing cars promptly to shippers, and loading by consignee or shipper, unless such cars undwindling supply of railroad freight cars to cars in a conscientious manner for direct

loaded are ordered or appropriated by the transport record shipments of soybeans, sor return to owning lines.

shipper for reloading within such a 24-hour ghum, corn, and other agricultural crops.

“Only all-around cooperation can provide period. Empty cars not required for load"With total ownership of freight cars by

the degree of car utilization necessary to best ing at point where made empty must be forAmerican railroads at the lowest point in this

serve the interests of all involved in getting warded in line-haul service within 24 hours century, the Nation is experiencing the most the Nation's crops to market—while they still

after the first 7 a.m., exclusive of Saturdays, serious freight car shortage in years," Chairare marketable. As I have made quite plain

Sundays, and holidays, following removal of man Walrath said. “At the turn of the cenin testimony before congressional commit

empty car. tury the railroads owned nearly 2 million

tees, entry of service orders by the Commis-
sion cannot fully meet the situation when

(b) Outbound loaded freight cars must be freight cars. Today, the total ownership is there is an overall inadequacy of cars to meet tracks of industrial plants within 24 hours

removed from point of loading or interchange approximately 1,527,000 cars—with nearly 8 percent in unserviceable condition.” the needs of critical areas."

after the first 7 a.m., exclusive of Saturdays, Chairman Walrath noted that, "Despite

Sundays, and holidays, following tender and the considerably greater carrying capacity of SERVICE ORDER No. 947—RAILROAD OPERATING

acceptance by carrier of the bill of lading today's freight cars, the continuing decline REGULATIONS FOR FREIGHT CAR MOVEMENT

covering the cars. Such cars must be forin the number of serviceable cars since the At a session of the Interstate Commerce warded in line-haul service within 24 hours end of World War II has resulted in a freight Commission, Division 3, held at its office in after the first 7 a.m. following their receipt car fleet totally inadequate to meet even Washington, D.C., on the 7th day of No in outbound makeup or classification yards. normal requirements, let alone the unprece vember, A.D. 1963. dented heavy demands of the past 6 months.

(3) Holding cars for prospective loading It appearing, that an acute shortage of “While some railroads are investing in spe

(a) No more cars shall be held for profreight cars exists in all sections of the cialized cars to meet the needs of particular country; that cars loaded and empty are un

spective loading at any time, for any indusshippers, the overall supply of plain boxcars duly delayed in terminals and in placement

try, or consignor, than those needed to prois diminishing at the alarming rate of more at, or removal from industries; that present

tect current outbound loading. than 2,000 cars per month. Many railroads rules, regulations, and practices with respect

(4) Repair tracks are investing sizable sums in new boxcars to the use, supply, control, movement, dis (a) Any cars taken out of service for reand other general service cars, but the over tribution, exchange, interchange, and re pairs, or carded for repairs, shall be repaired all investment by the railroad industry falls turn of freight cars are insufficient to pro at the earliest time consistent with efficient far short of present requirements and esti mote the most efficient utilization of cars; railroad operating practices. mated future needs."

it is the opinion of the Commission that an The Chairman observed that, at present, emergency exists requiring immediate action

(5) Car distribution orders nearly 13 million bushels of grain awaiting to promote car service in the interest of the

(a) Observe, obey and comply with freight shipment is piled high outside at least 325 public and the commerce of the people. Ac car distribution orders now outstanding, or elevators now filled to capacity. In some cordingly, the Commission finds that notice hereafter issued by the Car Service Division, cases, only a prolonged drought has prevent- and public procedure are impracticable and Association of American Railroads, not inconed weather damage to this valuable crop. contrary to the public interest, and that sistent with any order of the Commission.

E. Paul Miller, chairman of the car service Association of American Railroads, Car excellent article entitled “Remembrance” division, is directed to inform the Director Service Division, as agent of the railroads written by James A. Wechsler, and pubof the Bureau of Safety and Service of such subscribing to the car service and per diem lished in the New York Post of Thursoutstanding orders or similar orders which agreement under the terms of that agree day, November 7, 1963. may be subsequently issued and, to advise

ment; and that notice of this order be given the Director of the Bureau of Safety and to the general public by depositing a copy

There being no objection, the article Service of railroad performance and com- in the office of the Secretary of the Com

was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, pliance with such orders.

mision at Washington, D.C., and by filling it as follows: (b) C. W. Taylor, director, Bureau of with the Director, Office of the Federal Regis

[From the New York Post, Nov. 7, 1963) Safety and Service of the Interstate Com- ter.

REMEMBRANCE merce Commission, is hereby appointed agent (Secs. 1, 12, 15, 24 Stat. 379, 383, 384, as of the Commission with authority to issue amended; 49 U.S.C. 1, 12, 15. Interprets or

(By James A. Wechsler) such orders or directives as he may find nec applies secs. 1(10–17), 15(4), 40 Stat. 101, as Time and again during the last 12 months, essary with respect to the location, reloca amended 54 Stat. 911; 49 U.S.C. 1(10–17), in talking to people who were in trouble, tion, and distribution of freight cars as be- 15(4)).

discussing efforts to rescue some seemingly tween sections of the country, or carriers by By the Commission, Division 3.

lost cause, seeking ways to evoke interest railroads or on such carriers, throughout the


in some project of human salvation deemed United States.

Secretary impractical by bureaucratic minds, one has (6) Yard checks, supervision, and records

heard the same phrase:

"If only Mrs. Roosevelt were still alive.” (a) The necessary yard and track checks PROVISIONS ESTABLISHED FOR OBTAINING IM

PROVED UTILIZATION OF RAILROAD FREIGHT Amid all the eulogies and reminiscences shall be made and sufficient supervision and records shall be maintained to enable carriers

CARS DURING ACUTE SHORTAGE Now PRE- spoken and published since her death, this

refrain seems to me the most memorable, to comply with the provisions of this order.

In the face of a mounting nationwide

and the highest tribute to this unique, un(7) Railroad operating regulations for the movement of loaded freight cars

shortage of railroad cars to meet urgent forgettable woman. They not only describe needs of shippers, a broad-ranging order

the remarkable role she played as an angel of (a) No common carrier by railroad subject issued today will require carriers to institute compassion. They demolish the myth that to the Interstate Commerce Act shall will- a series of new measures to reduce the idle

a "do-gooder" is by definition someone of fully delay the movement of loaded freight and unproductive time of cars, beginning noble intention who rarely succeeds in docars by holding such cars in yards, terminals, November 11, 1963, at 12:01 a.m.

ing any good. or sidings for the purpose of increasing the Service Order No. 947 of the Interstate

There are many other aspects of her place time in transit of such loaded cars. Commerce Commission's Division 3 notes

in history. But the one I value most is this (b) Loaded cars shall not be set out be that an emergency exists which requires death, that she was a woman of infinite

sense, so poignantly underlined since her tween terminals except in cases of emer immediate action to promote car service gencies or sound operating requirements. in the interest of the public and the com

mercy and mission for whom the largest (c) Backhauling loaded cars for the pur- merce of the people. The order states that

satisfaction in life derived from successfully pose of increasing the time in transit shall

the acute shortage extends to all sections of comforting the afflicted. The quality has constitute willful delay and is prohibited.

been described as "saintliness" but she the country and empty and loaded cars are (d) Through loaded cars shall not be han

would have been dismayed by the descripunduly delayed in terminals and in placedled on local or way freight trains for the ment at and removal from industries.

tion. She did not view the service she purpose of increasing the time in transit of

The order limits to 24 hours the amount

rendered as a form of martyrdom. It was such loaded cars. of time railroads will have to place inbound

the only meaningful manner of existence. (e) The use by any common carrier by loaded cars, to remove cars after release

It is also the essence of her immortality. railroad, for the movement of loaded freight from industry, and to forward cars after

We mourn and cherish many departed figcars over its line, of any route other than acceptance by carriers. Holding cars exces

ures. But of whom do so many people say its usual and customary fast freight route sively for prospective loading will be

so often, in so many diverse situations, that from point of receipt of the car from con

things would be different if that person were prohibited. signor or connecting line, except in emer

still alive?

As the new provisions for improved utilizagencies, or for the purpose of according a tion of the shrinking supply of cars go into

That is why the true measure of her life lawfully established transit privilege (not effect, three earlier issued service orders

became clearest after she died, and perhaps including a diversion or reconsignment priv- Nos. 939, 944, and 945—will be canceled.

why even some of her detractors acquired a ilege) is hereby prohibited.

belated esteem for her, as if dimly aware These orders restricted the loading of cars

that this had been a special presence. (8) Carrier officials' responsibility

of various types and ownerships and pro(a) The division superintendent in charge coal cars to owning lines in areas of critical

That day, exactly 1 year ago, was the day vided for prompt return of boxcars and

when Richard Nixon, crushed by his defeat of each terminal under his jurisdiction or

in California's gubernatorial race, cried out need. The additional measures incorporated supervision, or if no division superintendent

in Service Order No. 947 are designed to proclaimed the end of his political life; when is in charge the general manager of each

wildly against his alleged tormenters and railroad will be held responsible for car servpromote car service efficiency and obtain the

Krishna Menon resigned from India's Cabice at each terminal and for the proper obmaximum usage practicable from the avail

inet; when Billie Sol Estes was found guilty servance of the rules prescribed by this order. able car supply for the benefit of carriers,

of swindling. Then, as I was about to leave (b) Application. shippers, and the public.

the office, came the bulletin that Eleanor (1) The provisions of this order shall ap

Under Service Order No. 947, carriers will

Roosevelt had died at 6:15 p.m. be required to: ply to intrastate and interstate commerce.

Place, or constructively place, inbound called the Times soon afterward and sobbed:

A woman who heard a news broadcast (2) When computing the periods of time

loaded cars within 24 hours following arrival"She couldn't have died at 6:15. We were provided in this order, exclude Saturdays,

at destination; Sundays, and such holidays as are listed in

eating dinner then and we were happy." item No. 25, Agent H. R. Hinsch's Demurrage within 24 hours after release from

industry; Remove outbound loaded and empty cars

Cabdriver Richard Ebbitt recalled that he Tariff ICC H-11, or reissues thereof, only

had taken a photograph of Mrs. Roosevelt when they occur within the said periods of

Forward outbound loaded cars within 24

when she was a passenger several years time, but not after. hours after tender to the carrier;

earlier: (c) Regulations suspended-announceForward empty cars, not required for im

"I sent her the picture and she signed it. ment required. mediate loading, within 24 hours after they

She also sent a warm letter. She always had are made available to the carrier. The operation of all rules and regulations,

time for people.” insofar as they conflict with the provisions

The order, extending to all carriers' freight

In my own lifetime only one other death of this order, is hereby suspended and each cars in all areas, is scheduled to expire July

touched so many people so intimately in so railroad subject to this order, or its agent, 31, 1964.

many parts of the universe—the passing of shall publish, file, and post a supplement to

Eleanor Roosevelt's husband 17 years earlier. each of its tariffs affected hereby, in sub- FIRST ANNIVERSARY OF DEATH OF They were people of very different temstantial accordance with the provisions of


ELEANOR perament and style, and their life together rule 9(k) of the Commission's Tariff Circular

was neither simple nor serene. But toNo. 20, announcing such suspension.


gether they communicated, to that huge, (d) Effective date. This order shall be Mr. McGOVERN. Mr. President, to- crowded sector of humanity for whom excome effective at 12:01 a.m., November 11, day marks the first anniversary of the Istence is mostly struggle and stress, the 1963. death of Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt.

awareness that two people in very high places (e) Expiration date. This order shall exThe entire world mourned the passing

cared. pire at 11:59 p.m., July 31, 1964, unless oth

It remains hard to believe that she is erwise modified, changed, suspended, or

of this great lady, but the memory of gone-that she will not turn up unexpectedannulled by order of this Commission, her life is still with us.

ly and unostentatiously at some conclave of It is further ordered, That a copy of this

I ask unanimous consent to have harassed southern Negroes, in some rat-inorder and direction shall be served upon the printed at this point in the RECORD an fested Harlem slum, in some home for

bruised delinquents, at a meeting to raise Andre, Andrew L. Briggs, Donald R. Collins, Ferdinand I., Dicarlo, Vincent A. funds for some neglected group of migratory Anthony, Charles B. Briner, Robert R.


Dickson, George K. workers. It remains as hard to believe today Anthony, Morris D. Brouillard, Donald C. Collins, William D. Diehm, William C., as it was when the news came a year ago, Arcelle, Mark, Jr. Brown, Charles E. Colmie, Joseph V. III even though I had known for many days Artz, Robert C. Brown, Christopher H. Conaughton,

Dietz, Warren C. that she was dying. Indeed, 1 week before Aschenbeck, Gene W. Brown, Malcolm C. Robert G.

Diley, Lewis E. her death, I had written some words about Ascherfeld, Theodore Brown, Richard B. Conboy, Thomas W. Dillon, Alfred J. her in the wistful hope that she might be F., Jr.

Brown, Robert C., Jr. Conklin, Robert B. Dillon, John F. able to read them before the final moment; Ashby, Donald R. Brown, Robert H.

Conley, David J.

Dilweg, John C. I had waited too long.

Asman, Robert K. Brown, Thomas F., III Conn, Richard L. Dipace, Joseph V. Her name is enshrined in the works of the Atherton, Raymond Browning, Robert B. Conner, Lawrence O. Dobbs, William D. Eleanor Roosevelt Memorial Foundation, Atkinson, Gerald L. Bruley, Kenneth C. Connolly, Paul P. Doheny, Vincent which has fittingly resolved to dedicate much Atwood, Henry C., Jr. Brunell, James I. Conrad, Glenn T., Jr. Doney, Robert G. of its resources to the equal rights struggle; Aumick, William A. Buc, Robert L.

Cook, Charles F. Donnell, Joseph S., there will be many other enterprises in- Austin, James W. Buchanan, Edward O.

Cook, Russell A.

III spired by her name. She resented ritualistic Austin, Robert C. Buchholz, Philip P.

Cooley, Charles H. Donnelly, Verne G. tribute and most forms of "looking back Aut, Warren E.

Buck, Harry J.

Coor, Lawrence W.

Donovan, Daniel E. ward.” But she was intensely practical, too, Avery, Billy J.

Buckley, John E. Copeland, Edward C. Donovan, Philip C. and she would be saying, if she were present Bailey, Gail R.

Bull, Norman S.

Coppess, Robert Y. Doucet, Richard E. at some of these assemblages in her honor: Baker, David E.

Bullman, Howard L.

Corcoran, Martin F. Dougherty, Gerald P. "Of course, if you feel my name will really Ballow, Lawrence D. Bunce, Bayne R.

Corey, Stuart M.

Downey, Louis A. help, go ahead and use it."

Barber, James A., Jr.
Burden, Harvey W.

Corkhill, Thomas M. Downing, Thomas P. She was, I think, often a lonely, sad woman Barker, George D. Burgert, Reginald D.

Cornell, Gordon C. Dozier, Charles D. for whom the implausibly feverish pace of Barker, William S.

Burke, Robert M.

Cornell, Robert L. Drayton, Henry E., her existence provided a certain escape from Barkley, James F.

Corrado, Robert J.
Burnett, Richard W.

Jr. introspection. Perhaps only one who had Barlow, James D.

Burnett, William M.

Cotton, Alfred S.

Drenkard, Carl C. glimpsed the complexity of life could have Barnes, Richard A.

Burnham, Don E.

Courtney, Charles H. Drumheller, Maxley had so much comprehension, so deep a con Barry, John M.

Burns, John A.

Courtney, Warren W. tempt for the complacent, so generous a view

Bartanen, John E.
Burns, Richard F.

P., Jr.

Dubois, George of human frailty. Basford, Michael G.

Couser, Rodney W.
Burrows, Hubbard F.,

Ducat, Julian A. One concludes the remembrance and real

Bassett, Bradley A.

Cowan, Daniel R.

Ducharme, George W. izes that too many things are still unsaid and

Bates, Walter F.
Burtis, Evenson M.

Crabtree, Donald G. Duffy, Francis J. even undefined. One goes back to the beginBaty, Frank O.

Crane, Herbert C.
Bush, Carl D.

Dugan, Francis V. ning; one thinks of groups of quarreling Bauman, James R.

Crawford, Robert E. Dugan, Richard F.,

Bush, William L., Jr. liberals engaged in personal vendettas, of Baumgardner, John F. Butler, William S.

Crawford, Roderick P. Jr. small-minded men scrambling for private Bausch, Francis A.

Crawford, William T.Dulke, Sylvester M.

Byington, Melville R.,
advantage at the expense of the weak, of
Bean, Alan L.

Crayton, Render

Dunn, Alvan N. decent citizens vainly seeking aid for unconBeavert, Alfred F.

Crider, James A.
Byrd, Mark W.

Dunne, Francis R.

Croom, William H., Jr. Dunning, James A. ventional or unpopular victims, and the

Bechelmayr, Leroy R. Cabot, Alan S.
Beck, John L.

Crosby, Frederick P. words recur: "If only Mrs. Roosevelt were

Caldwell, Charles B.

Dupree, Richard E. Beck, Walter R.

Crosson, Harry E. still alive."

Cameron, Jim F.

Dworsky, Alan J.
Beckwith, Gilbert H.

Cryer, John P.
Campbell, Donald G.

Easton, Ervin R.
Beeby, Francis J.

Campbell, Donald S.,

Easton, Peter B.
Behrle, Walter F.

Marshall E.


Beisel, Gerald W.

Currier, Richard A. Ediin, Robert L.
Campbell, John F.

Curry, Thomas L. Mr. FULBRIGHT. Mr. President, in Belay, William J.

Eels, William R., Jr.

Campbell, Michael J.
accordance with the order previously en-
Bell, James F.

Curtis, John G., Jr.
Candoo, Charles G.

Egan, William P.

Cutchen, Paul O. tered, I move that the Senate now stand Benton, Jerry S. Bennett, Phillip L.

Ehl, James W. Cane, Guy

Czaja, Bernard F.

Eidsmoe, Norman E. in recess until Tuesday next, at noon.

Cane, John W.
Benton, Joseph D.

Daigneault, Joseph

Elam, David L. The motion was agreed to; and (at 7

Cann, William A.
Berg, Robert L.

J., Jr.

Elder, Ralph C.

Canter, Howard R. o'clock p.m.) the Senate took a recess, Berger, Ronald A.

Daleke, Richard A.

Elliott, Charles P.

Carson, Louis F., Jr. under the order previously entered, until Berkhimer, Frank R.

Daley, Robert E.

Elliott, Donal W. Carter, Gerald M., Jr.

Dallamura, Bart Tuesday, November 12, 1963, at 12 o'clock Bernardin, Peter A.

Emerson, John R. Carter, Powell F., Jr. M., Jr.

Bernier, George, Jr. meridian.

Englert, Robert J.
Case, Robert W.
Berry, James L.

Daloia, John, Jr.

Eriksson, Roger V.
Berthe, Charles J., Jr. Caswell, David W.
Casimes, Theodore C.

Daly, Paul S.

Ervin, Billy M. Biasi, Nestore G.

Damico, Richard J.

Ervin, Charles F.

Cavicke, Richard J.
Biggar, William

Damon, Terry A.

Estocin, Michael J.

Cazares, Ralph B. Dana, John B.
Executive nominations received by the
Billerbeck, Henry G.

Eubanks, Paul D.
Chamberlain, James L. Dancer, Jerry D.

Evans, Edwin D. Senate November 8 (legislative day of Bilyeu, Roland C.

Chambers, Dudley S. Dartnell, William H. Evans, Thomas G. October 22), 1963:

Blackwell, Jack L.

, Jr. Chaney, Conner F. Blackwell, Jack L., Jr. Chapman, William R.



Richard E.
Blaes, Richard W.

Evosevich, John N.
Cheney, Donald A.
Blaine, Thomas E.

Daus, Rudolph H.
Robert H. Charles, of Missouri, to be an

Evrard, William E.

Chidley, Ralph E. Davis, Ralph G. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force, vice Blanchard, James W., Chisholm, George

Ewall, Thomas H.

Davis, Ramsey L., Jr. Fancher, Allen P. Joseph Scott Imirie.


E., II
Bock, "E" James

Davis, Richard C.


Christian, Robert R.
Bodensteiner, ayne Christmas, Walter B.

Davis, Richard H.

Felling, Thomas A.

Dawson, Edward

Felter, John F. Dr. Herbert Scoville, Jr., of Connecticut, Boland, Bruce R.

Cicolani, Angelo G.

H., Jr.

Feltham, John C., Jr. to be an Assistant Director of the U.S. Arms Bolt, Ronald L.

Cisson, Arthur

Deal, James W.

Ferguson, David E. Control and Disarmament Agency, vice Dr. Bond, John R.

Clark, Charles F., Jr. Deam, Norman A. Fetterman, John H., Franklin A. Long.

Dean, Herbert J.
Clark, Charles R.

Bonz, Philip E.

Dean, Ronald I.
Clark, Richard G.

Booth, Joseph K.

Fiedler, Peter B., Jr.
Clausen, Carroll E.
Bordone, Richard P.

Debodisco, Alexander Fields, James E. The following-named officers of the U.S.

Cleaver, Stephen

Deboer, Jack G.
Boslaugh, David L.

Fields, William B. Navy for temporary promotion to the grade Bossart, Edmund B., Clemens, Paul E.

Debroder, Glen G.

Finch, Albert of lieutenant commander in the line, sub

Clifford, Donald J.

Dehart, William

Fink, Jerome I. Jr. ject to qualification therefor as provided by Bosworth, Thomas C. Clinton, Samuel T.

Deibert, Bernard N. Fischer, Herman V., Jr. law:

Delaney, John R. Fitzgerald, Michael J. Adams, Billy J. Ammann, Robert E. Botshon, Morton Coakley, Walter J., Jr.

Deloach, John W. Fitzsimmons, Robert Aden, Melvin O. Ammerman, Clell N. Boylston, Michael E. Coakley, William F.

Demmin, Lester F.

J., Jr.
Agnew, Dwight M., Jr. Amoruso, Alfred P.
Brace, Robert L. Cockfield, David W.

Dennison, Daniel C. Flaherty, Robert M.
Agnew, William F. Anderson, Charles P.
Brackin, John D. Coe, Raymond P.

Dennison, William E. Fletcher, John G. Ailes, John W., IV Anderson, Eugene G.

Bradley, David W., Jr. Cogswell, Charles E. Deryckere, Archie G. Fletcher, William B., Ake, Charles P. Anderson, Falvie B., Jr Bradshaw, Frederick L. Colbus, Louis

Deshler, William A. III Alberts, Richard P. Anderson, Giles B.

Brady, Joseph G. Cole, Thomas T., Jr. Desseyn, Maurice H. Flick, John P. Alecxih, Peter C. Anderson, Joseph F.

Brammeier, Charles L. Coleman, Charles L. Deuel, Jamieson K. Flight, John W., Jr. Allen, John S.

Anderson, Robert G. Brasted, Kermont C. Coleman, Herman F. Devito, Vincent H. Florin, Donald E. Almand, William G. Anderson, Stephen P. Bravence, John, Jr. Collier, Byron H.

Devries, Edgar L. Foard, Wyatte F., Jr. Alvarado, Ramon C. Anderson, Thomas F. Brennan, John S. Collier, Neuland C. Dibona, Charles J. Folta, Daniel A.

CIX -1356

Folwick, William D. Hager, Donald G.

Holloman, William D. Kellogg, Edward S., III Lockhart, John V. Miller, Robert R. Fonda, Raymond C. Haggard, Marion z. Holman, Robert A., Jr. Kelly, Francis D. Loeffler, William H. Miller, Robert N. Forbes, Donald L. Hagmann, Albert P. Holmes, James W., Jr. Kelly, Richmond K., Lohrey, Thomas E., Jr. Miller, Ronald C. Ford, Daniel R. Haines, Collins H. Holmes, Richard B. Jr.

Loomis, Robert R. Miller, Theodore W. Ford, James N. Hall, Frank S.

Holt, Henry C., IV Kennedy, Jack M. Lotze, Herbert E., Jr. Miller, William H. Forsyth, James P. Hall, Harry L. Hooper, Benjamin F. Kessler, Harry F.

Low, Joseph L. Mitchell, Allan R. Foster, Clifton G., Jr. Hall, Howard L.

Hope, Herbert A., Jr. Kiehl, Richard L. Lucken, Frank E. Mitchell, Donald F. Fountain, Robert R., Hall, John V. Hopper, Thomas M. Kilty, Lawrence R.

Ludwig, George E. Miyagawa, George R. Jr.

Halladay, Maurice E. Horn, Charles E. Kimbrough, Harold S. Lukenbach, Max D. Moats, Lewis D. Fox, Henry J., IV Halladay, Norman E. Horner, John, Jr. Kincaid, Rodney C. Lunday, John W., III Mobley, Arthur S. Fox, Richard W. Halle, “S” Portland, III Horowitz, Charles L. King, Edward L. Lyding, John F. Mode, Paul J. Francke, Robert L. Halloran, John W. Hosepian, Edward S. King, Richard B.

Lynch, Will T.

Monaghan, James J. Frazier, John D. Hamel, Louis H., III Hoskins, Perry D. Kingsley, Stephen S. Lyons, Philip

Montross, Robert W. Frecker, David A. Hamelrath, Walter F. Howe, John E.

Kingston, John J., Jr. Lyons, William P. Moody, Frank L. Frederick, Peter G. Hamilton, Clyde E. Hryskanich, Paul L. Kinley, Frederic H. M. Mabe, James M. Mook, Joe Frentress, Bowheart Hamlin, Andrew L. Hubbard, Henry L. Kinne, Loren H.

Mack, John

Moore, Byron O. Frick, Walter B. Hamlin, George A., Jr. Hudgins, Thomas B. Kleffel, Walter H. Mack, Robert E. Moore, Hugh A. Friddle, Frank R., Jr. Hamrick, Franklin G. Huggins, Harry L. Klein, Verle W.

MacKinnon, Malcolm Moore, John R. Froid, James C. Hanegan, Ralph E. Hughes, Richard M. Kline, Arlington N.


Moore, Percy J. Fryberger, Elbert L., Hanigan, Marvin F. Hughlett, David E. Klusmann, Charles F. Maddox, Iven J. Moore, Thomas W. Jr. Hankins, Elton E.

Hull, Fred A.

Knapp, Franklin P. Mandly, Charles R. Morano, Anthony Frye, Thomas A. W. Happersett, Paul F. Hume, Kenneth E. Kneisl, John F.

Maratea, Ronald M. Moredock, William J. Fryksdale, Frans H. Hargrave, William W., Humphrey, Morris L. Knepler, James L. Mares, James A. Moriarty, Jack o. Fulk, Gerald A.


Hunter, William G. Knepper, Robert R., Marshall, John T., Jr. Morisette, Clement J. Funck, James R. Hargrove, John Q., III Hunter, William J.


Marshall, Norman G, Morris, Charles H. Furlong, George M., Jr. Harlow, Bruce A.

Hurst, Lee R.
Knight, Cecil F.

Martin, Edward H. Morris, James I. Gadberry, Roy K. Harmon, James O. Hurt, Jonathan S. Kobler, Robert H. Masalin, Charles E. Morrison, Robert M. Gaddlin, Ronald Harmony, Lee D., Jr. Hussey, William T. Koester, Earl C., II Mason, Ralph S.

Morrow, Richard D. Gaffrey, Leo J.

Harms, Stanley, J. Huttinger, Theodore Kohoutek, James G. Mason, Ralph A., Jr. Mortimer, Edward H., Galinsky, Jerome J. Harness, William D. Hyman, Arnold J. Kois, John R.

Massey, Roger A., Jr. III Galli, William L. Harper, Elwood N. Ike, Robert C.

Kollmorgen, Frederick Master, Carl L., Jr. Morton, Robert R. Gallotta, Albert A., Jr. Harrell, Max A.

Ireland, Blair


Masterson, Kleber S., Morton, Theodore E. Galloway, Edward D. Harrison, Stuart E. Ives, Richard H. Kopocka, William F. Jr.

Moss, David L. Gantt, Richard G. Hart, Robert L.

Jackson, George L. Kother, Charles G. Masterson, Leo S. Moss, Jack L. Gardner, Bennett Hartman, Gerald A. Jackson, Robert S. Kowalskey, Zygmont Mathews, Donald R. Motes, Thomas L. Garlitz, Jerry E. Harvey, Donald L. James, Harry R., III J., Jr.

Mathis, Harry L., II Moxley, Donald F. Garner, William D. Harvison, Byron G. Jauregui, Stephen, Jr. Kracha, John K. Matthews, Paul C., Jr. Moye, William B., Jr. Gaskill, Richard T. Hastoglis, Anthony A. Jenkins, John S. Krag, George H.

Mauer, Tommy L. Mozley, James F. Gates, Fred H., II Haverfield, Benjamin Jensen, Carl T. Krahn, Chris

Mauldin, James H. Mudgett, Francis S. Gauthey, Jules R.


Jewell, Robert W., Jr. Kraus, Kenneth E. Maxwell, John A. Mudgett, Richard L. Geary, Jack E. Hawkins, Cecil B., Jr. Jobe, Gordon A. Kraus, Walter S.

McAdoo, William C. Mundt, Werner F. Gehring, Donald H. Hay, James C.

Jobe, James E. Krienke, Henry P. McArdle, Stephen J., Munger, Burton L. Gehring, Gary J. Hayes, Fay C. Johnson, Billie D. Krisciunas, John P.


Muniz, John J. Gerhan, Charles F., Jr. Hayes, Francis X. Johnson, David E. Kruger, David S.

McBride, Earl P. Munsey, Malcolm H. Gerl, Neil D. Hayes, James C.

Johnson, Edward D. Krumwiede, Jerold L. McCaffree, Burnham, Murphy, Richard G. Geronime, Eugene L. Hazle, Hugh A. Johnson, Grant R. Kuffel, Robert W.

C., Jr.

Musgrave, "R" "F" Gholson, Daniel H. L. Hazlett, Frederick W. Johnson, Raymond F., Kugler, Valarius E. McCarthy, Gerald D. Mustin, Henry C. Gideon, William C., Jr. Helfrich, William P.

Kujawski, Theodore McCarthy, Paul F., Jr. Myers, Lowell R. Giedzinski, Henry B. Hellinger, Richard L. Johnson, Robert A. D.

McCarthy, Richard J. Myers, Richard C. Gilchrist, Richard B. Helm, George N., Jr. Johnson, Roger D.

Kunkler, Hilary G. McCauley, William F. Narowetz, Bruce A. Gillham, Richard D. Helmandollar, Allen W Johnson, Thomas J. Kurth, Ronald J. McClellan, Parker W. Neel, William M. Gilliamsen, Donald A. Helms, Raymond E., Johnson, Virgil J. Lacy, Robert G.

McClellan, Billy L. Neel, William C. Gilmore, Joseph M. Jr.

Johnson, William T. Lagasse, Richard H. McClenahan, Richard Nelles, Merice T. Glade, Gerald L. Hendricks, Richard A. Johnston, Fox H. Lambert, Russell G. M.

Nelson, Jesse R. Glanville, John T., Jr. Hendrickson, Claude Johnston, Fred W., Jr. Lambert, Walker W. McConnell, Cyrus, Jr. Nelson, Lawrence R. Gleim, James M.

F., Jr.
Jolliff, James V. Lamore, James F.

McCracken, John L. Newell, Byron B., Jr.
Glover, Albert K., Jr. Hendry, James D.
Jones, Carroll S. Lane, William J.

McDermott, John J. Newton, John E. Glover, Dennis C. Henifin, Edward E. Jones, Gerald L. Langelier, Wilfred E., McDonald, Thomas E. Niemela, George R. Glovier, Harold A., Jr. Henry, Albert L., Jr. Jones, Harry W.

McGonagill, Eber C.

Nightingale, Billy R. Glunt, David L., Jr. Henry, William F.

Jones, James F. Langford, George R. McGown, William A., Nix, Walter C. Golanka, Stanley R. Henson, George M. Jones, Jerry D. Langrind, Roy G.


Noblit, Charles L. Goll, Gerald E. Herberger, Albert J. Jones, John L.

Lapp, Charles B.

McGrath, James W.

Noll, Rolf F. Gonzalez, Alfred H. Hernandez, Diego E. Jones, Roycroft C., Jr. Larson, Ralph S. McGuiness, Donald A. Noren, Rees E. Good, Robert C. Herndon, Franklin C., Jongewaard, Larry L. Laurentis, William D., McIntyre, James G.

Norris, Frederick J., Gordon, Arva F.

Jordan, Stephen W. Jr.

McKay, Richard D.

Jr. Gore, James R. Herr, Arthur L., Jr. Jorgensen, Charles J., Laurienzo, Robert L. McKay, Robert W.

North, Henry C., Jr. Grady, Michael T. Herzer, Oscar A.

Lawhon, Eugene M. McKean, Francis E.

Norton, John R., Jr. Graham, Joel H. Herzog, Louis L.

Joy, James A.

Lawless, Spencer C. McKee, George R., Jr. Nothwang, David R. Graham, Robert F. Heyl, William E. Juergens, John G. Layn, Samuel W.

McKenzie, James A.,

Nott, Edward C., Jr. Graham, Sidney R. Heyward, Irvine K., IV Jurkowski, Joseph A. Learned, Charles W.,


Nyland, Walter L. Grammer, William R. Hickey, Edward J., Jr.

Kaag, William C.


McKinlay, Archibald, Oberg, Chester R. Grant, Edwin H., Jr. Hicklin, William C., III Kaiser, Gilbert J. Leclerc, Raymond P.


O'Brien, John T. Grantman, Roger H. Hicks, Dilliard D., Jr. Kaltenborn, James C. Lee, Melvin R.

McKinnon, George H. O'Connell, Daniel E. Gray, Basil F., Jr. Higgins, John F.

Kavanagh, Robert G. Leedom, Clair E., Jr. McKinster, James W. O'Connell, Robert L. Greene, Charles R., Jr. Higgins, Richard G. Keaney, Mark J. Legett, Thomas R.

McNamara, William L.O'Connell, Richard Greene, George W., Jr. Highfill, Kenneth L. Kearns, William A., Lehman, George W.

Meek, Roger S.

M. Greenlee, John W. Hilder, Leonard O., Jr. Jr.

Lehr, Ronald F.

Meglio, Robert F.

O'Connell, William J. Greer, William E., III Hine, Paul M., Jr. Keele, Wayne, Jr. Leibel, Robert J.

Meloy, Robert T.

Odell, Jerry T. Grider, Billy F. Hine, William G.

Keene, Glenn F. Lenardi, Donald M. Melton, Arthur W. Griffin, James L. Hinkle, David R.

Offrell, David W.
Keene, Thomas J. Leonard, John D., Jr.

Melton, Wade I.
Griffing, Edward P. Hoch, Wesley A.
Keener, John I. Leslie, Richard

Meltzer, Herbert S.

Ogden, Edward G. Griffiths, Rodney D. Hogan, Edward J., Jr. Keery, Jerry L. Levey, Gerald

Melville, Noel

Oldmixon, William J. Grimes, Laurence H., Hogan, George C. Keith, Harold S. Lewis, David E.

Merkle, George W. Oleson, David E. Jr. Hogan, Thomas W., Jr. Keith, John D. Lewis, Jesse W., Jr.

Merritt, Robert L. Olsen, Jerome J. Grose, Robert H. Holland, John C., Jr. Kellaway, Peter W. Lewis, John R., Jr. Mester, Richard L. Olsen, Robert M. Grozen, Paul B. Holland, William J., Jr. Kelleher, Thomas A., Lewis, Martin E.

Meyer, Donald J. Omalia, Robert J. Grunenwald, John W. Hollenbach, Richard Jr.

Lietzan, Ernest W., Jr. Meyer, William F. O'Malley, David E. Gullickson, Grant G. G.

Keller, Constantine C.Limroth, David F. Millen, Thomas H. O'Neill, Norbert W. Gunn, Max C., Jr. Hollingworth, Roy M. III

Lindsay, Thomas L. Miller, Bryce N. Ormond, George, Jr. Gunter, Jack R. Hollinshead, William Keller, Samuel F., Jr. Lissy, Ernest I.

Miller, John H. Orsik, Walter A. Hagen, Elmer C.


Kellerman, Donald W.Livingston, Robert N. Miller, Raleigh B., Jr. Orsino, Leo A.


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