« ПретходнаНастави »
Therefore, I strongly believe that the tional funds required from the Czech The amendment offered by the Senator Senate should request, formally by res Government would be $242 million.
from New York, in which I have joined olution, if necessary, that the agreement Moreover, right now the United States, as a cosponsor, merely provides that bewith the Czech Government now under Britain, and France hold in a tripartite fore the awards that have been made are consideration not come into effect until arrangement some $20 million of what is approved by our Government, a report the Senate has offered its advice and con known as looted gold-$9 million is in shall be made to the Senate, so that the sent thereto.
New York; $11 million is in London. This Senate may give its advice and consent. It may be said, even by those who ac is gold rounded up by the Allies at the I cannot see why we should return to cept this principle, that the foreign aid end of the war from hiding places where Czechoslovakia any moneys that might bill is not an adequate vehicle for this it was placed by the Germans when they be available, and that are impounded in amendment. On the contrary, I believe occupied most of Europe. This $20 mil the United States and in London, when it is most appropriate because, should we lion, it has been determined under the Czechoslovakia is paying off only 9 peraccept $11 million as recompense for the terms of the Paris Reparations Agree
cent of the claims in the United States. seizure of what amounts to $113 million, ment of January 24, 1946, probably came I yield the floor. that in my view is substantial aid and from Czechoslovakia and would no doubt Mr. FULBRIGHT. Mr. President, I assistance to the recipient nation, even be slated to return to the Czech Govern am opposed to the amendment. The if that country is not mentioned in this ment if it is not needed to pay valid amendment was not submitted to the bill and receives not 1 cent from the claims. Thus, as a result of the settle
committee. The committee had no opAgency for International Development. ment now under consideration, as much portunity to study it. Last year, as I recollect, the Congress as $1792 million could conceivably be re
Whether some of the allegations made adopted, over the objections of the De turned to the Communist government in regarding any proposed settlement with partment of State, the Hickenlooper Czechoslovakia. First and foremost, I Czechoslovakia are correct, I am, of amendment to ban aid to nations ex would like to see that money be used to course, in no position to answer. A seripropriating U.S. property. Although not pay American claims, but if the Depart ous question is involved—one that has applicable in these instances, it clearly ment of State cannot make that point in troubled our relations with several coundefined congressional sentiment in the negotiations, I for one would rather see tries with regard to claims. What is matter of expropriations. During the the money be used as a part of a tripar- involved is a question in law concerning hearings this year, Secretary of State tite foreign aid effort, than simply turned claims by nationals of the United States Dean Rusk admitted that, although he over to a hostile Communist government. against the government of Czechoslovaopposed the amendment last year, he had I am deeply concerned over the fact kia. The amendment does not state since come to favor it. It had been ex that over $100 million in legitimate U.S.
whether the persons were nationals at tremely useful in strengthening the hand claims for property nationalized by the time of confiscation or not. This of the U.S. Government in dealing with the Czechoslovak Government may well problem has
problem has complicated settlements foreign governments that were tempted be junked in an essentially political that have been attempted with some of to expropriate U.S. property. And I note agreement with a Communist regime.
the other countries, because it is a questhat the committee has recommended This is not, as the State Department may
tion of great controversy in internafurther strengthening of it this year.
wish to suggest, a one-way agreement, tional law whether a citizen of a country In this instance also, I believe, the with all benefit to the United States, that
at the time the loss occurred has any knowledge that the Senate would be re should be considered merely an execu
right to go to the United States or any viewing these treaties, would greatly tive agreement. It is a final settlement
other country and become a national of strengthen the hand of our negotiators. of a complex issue. Very probably also
that country and enter a claim. What is more, even the Czechs, who now a sizable trade deal with the United
The problem of ascertaining whether plead poverty, might think twice if they States will be involved in the final settle
a claim exists is a difficult one. The expected such an argument to be weighed ment, whether formally stated or not,
ment, whether formally stated or not, amendment would appear to authorize by the Senate, which is well aware of because that is the way the Communists
or require-I am not sure which-that Czech foreign aid to Cuba and other na like to operate.
all persons who are now citizens of the tions around the world.
Mr. LAUSCHE. Mr. President, the
United States, regardless of whether they In short, Mr. President, I believe the record shows that the impounded assets
were citizens at the time of the loss,
would be entitled to claim. constitutional prerogatives of the Senate of various countries in the United States
Mr. KEATING. Mr. President, will are involved here. To determine the di- have been used to pay the claims of
the Senator yield? rection of foreign policy is not the proper American citizens against the countries
Mr. FULBRIGHT. The Senator has role of an executive agreement. More which now impound assets. For inover, without review by the Senate, the stance, Yugoslavia paid 91 percent of the
made his speech. I am making a reply.
But I will yield. approved claims of thousands of Ameri claims of American citizens for property
Mr. KEATING. cans stand to be virtually nullified- taken from them during World War II.
I point out to the without consideration or appeal. A prec Panama paid 90 percent. Bulgaria paid 2,630 claimants whose claims have been
Senator that every single one of the edent would be established that would 50 percent. Rumania paid 30 percent. handicap U.S. citizens and firms for gen- Italy paid 100 percent. Italy paid 100 percent. No agreement adjudicated and allowed by the Foreign
Claims Settlement Commission was a erations to come. The overall result for settlement has been reached with
citizen of the United States. There is no would not only be the loss of millions of the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics, question of after-acquired citizenship: dollars owed to us, but undoubtedly an and nothing has been paid. additional reluctance on the part of
This requirement is clearly established With respect to Czechoslovakia, which
in the International Claims Settlement many U.S. interests to undertake over is the country contemplated by the
Act of 1949. sea operations in the knowledge that our amendment of the Senator from New
Mr. FULBRIGHT. That does not apGovernment would not insist upon fair York, there are 2,630 claimants. The
pear in the amendment as printed. treatment, should the property be seized. awards made as legitimate amount to Mr. President, I am unfortunately un
would seem to apply to nationals of the $113 million. The amount supposedly
United States as of the moment. It does der no illusions that we here in the Sen available to pay claims is $8,541,000, with
not provide as of the time of loss. ate could force the Czechs or Hungarians $2 million more promised, making a total
Mr. KEATING. We are discussing or Russians to pay 100 percent of U.S. of $10,541,000, or about 9 percent of the
claims determined by the Foreign Claims claims. But unless we exert our con claims. An additional $8 million is im
Settlement Commission. These are all, stitutional duty, we can be sure that pounded in the United States, but this
by law, claims of U.S. nationals at the U.S. citizens will not get any meaningful amount is not to be used to pay off the
time of loss. They number 2,630. The compensation whatsoever. Czechoslovak claims.
total amount of the claims are $113 milThe most astonishing factor in this Eleven million dollars is impounded in
lion. The Foreign Claims Settlement whole situation is that the United States London under what are supposed to be Commission threw out 1,300 claims. We today holds in frozen Czech assets over “lieu” funds that are not being used. are discussing only claims allowed by the $812 million. Therefore, if the Czecho The $8 million and the $11 million will be Commission. slovak Government agrees to pay $11 returned to Czechoslovakia, and about 9 Mr. FULBRIGHT. The next question million, that would mean the only addi- percent of the claims paid.
I was coming to is the question of the
International Claims Settlement Act of the case of claims against Italy was that reached; but the negotiation of the 1949. Congress passed this act for the the claims of U.S. citizens against Italy agreement is traditionally left to the specific purpose of settling claims with were paid 100 cents on the dollar. The Claims Commission, and I see no parvarious countries. The claims that have claims of U.S. citizens against Yugo- ticular reason why such claims against already been referred to by previous slavia were paid 91 cents on the dollar. some particular country should be exspeakers involve Yugoslavia, Poland, and The claims of U.S. citizens against Pan- cepted—although there may be some Italy, and were settled in accordance ama were paid 90 cents on the dollar. reason. There is no reason why such with the International Claims Settle- The claims of U.S. citizens against Ru- a provision should be included in the ment Commission.
mania were paid 24 cents on the dollar; foreign aid bill, which has nothing to I see no reason why the usual pro- and U.S. citizens' claims against Bul- do with such claims. These items relate cedure should not be followed in this garia were paid 40 cents on the dollar. to claims resulting from the last war and case. The custom clearly is to submit The settlement in the case of such from the confiscation of assets of Amersuch claims to the Foreign Claims Set- claims against Rumania was the lowest ican citizens. If there is merit to the tlement Commission, as provided by law; up to now.
claims, they should be handled by means and we are always given a report in re There can be no question that the plan of a separate bill or resolution. Howgard to the settlement. But under this now contemplated in the Department is ever, there seems to be a growing pracAct such matters have not been handled to pay less than 10 cents on the dollar tice of attaching to the foreign aid bill by treaty. The one exception of which I on claims of U.S. citizens who have had an amendment on any little issue in know involved a case in Panama, but their claims adjudicated by the Foreign which a Member of Congress may be our relations with Panama are on a dif- Claims Settlement Commission and interested. The result is that the forferent basis from our relations with many whose claims have been found valid eign aid bill is becoming a vehicle for other countries.
2,630 claims of that sort, involving a total every miscellaneous, irrelevant measure I see no reason whatever to depart of almost $114 million. In other words, which has nothing to do with foreign from the custom, and in this case to re- if the owner of a cigar store there had aid. quire a treaty. In my opinion, that his property taken from him by the Com Why was not this matter handled in would be likely to interfere with a settle- munist government, and if the store was a separate resolution? I see no reason ment, rather than to promote one, be valued at $3,000, he is asked to accept why this provision should be allowed to cause this matter has already been before less than $300 for his claim. These clutter up the foreign aid bill. Goodness the Claims Commission.
claimants are scattered all over the knows, it is already cluttered up enough. Mr. HOLLAND. Mr. President, will country.
Mr. KEATING. Let me ask the Senathe Senator from Arkansas yield?
It is true that the amendment did not tor how the Senate will have an opporThe PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. RIBI come to my attention when the commit tunity in connection with proposed legisCOFF in the chair). Does the Senator tee considered the bill; but I submitted lation to vote either up or down a profrom Arkansas yield to the Senator from the amendment to the staff, to the chair
the amendment to the staff, to the chair- posed settlement after it is made with a Florida?
man, and to the ranking minority mem different country. S. 947 deals only with Mr. FULBRIGHT. I yield.
ber; and I think they have at least had Poland and provides for a determinaMr. HOLLAND. Have we any greater an opportunity to study it.
tion of claims by the Foreign Claims Setobligation to protect citizens who have I am sure the State Department is tlement Commission. This has already such claims against Panama than we opposed to the amendment, because it been done in the case of Czechoslovakia. have to protect citizens who have similar does not want any interference in regard Mr. FULBRIGHT. The Senate could claims against Yugoslavia, Poland, or to the amount for which it can settle reject the implementing legislation any other country, as to which such such claims of U.S. citizens against other which thus would be submitted to it. I claims have been settled by the usual countries. But there is precedent for admit that that would not be likely to procedure? the amendment.
happen, but it could be done. Mr. FULBRIGHT. I see no reason, on I concede that five of the six cases were Mr. KEATING. This amendment only principle, to provide for any different settled without any reference to the Sen seeks to say, “Let us have a look at this treatment. We have had no serious ate; but such claims against Panama now, to see whether the proposed setcomplaint. For example, in the case of were treated in the same way a treaty tlement is advantageous to our country claims against Yugoslavia, I believe the is treated, and the agreement was sub and is fair or is not fair.” It is an effort Senator from Ohio stated that 91 per- mitted to the Senate for ratification. to strengthen the hands of our negotiacent of the amounts claimed were paid, Ninety percent of those claims were paid. tors. under the usual procedure. So I see no So I hope that if these claims are sub Mr. PASTORE. Mr. President, will reason why special, different treatment mitted to the Senate, the settlement will the Senator yield for a question? should be provided for a citizen who has be something more than on a 10-percent Mr. KEATING. I yield. such a claim against Czechoslovakia or a basis. If the Department can make a Mr. PASTORE. Would the Senator's citizen who has such a claim against case for settling these claims of U.S. amendment require a two-thirds vote for Yugoslavia.
citizens for 10 cents on the dollar or ratification of the agreement? Certain allegations have been pre- less, that can still be done under the Mr. KEATING. Yes, it would, except sented to us, but we do not act on the provisions of this amendment, which I wish to point out that the amendment, basis of allegations. I am not in a po- only provides that it is the sense of like so many others, is one which the sition to refute some of the statements Congress that it should look into this State Department would have a right to which have been made; but they were matter.
ignore if it wished to do so. It is a sensenot brought before the committee, and Mr. FULBRIGHT. But Congress will of-Congress amendment. As I read the I have no information about the nature have an opportunity to look into such amendment, it would provide that we of the claims, other than what is con- legislation, when it is proposed. The think we should have a look at the questained in the pamphlet and what my Italian claims, which have been referred tion as a treaty, as we did in the case of staff knows in general.
to, were dealt with by implementing leg- Panama, rather than in the four or five The usual procedure is that after the islation—namely, Senate bill 947; and cases in which we did not have a look at Claims Commission considers the claim, those claims will be considered in con the question at all. implementing legislation is proposed. nection with legislation, rather than in Mr. PASTORE. What if the adminisThe point is that the Commission is not connection with a treaty. I do not know tration chose not to do it? trying to secrete something from Con- how a treaty would result in larger pay Mr. KEATING. There is very little gress; and thus far all matters of this ments than those which would be made that we could actually do about it. sort have been handled in accordance under the usual procedure.
Mr. DOUGLAS. Mr. President, adopwith the customary procedure.
The point is that the Senator from tion of the Keating amendment now Therefore, Mr. President, I hope the New York is seeking to require that a pending may prevent a serious injustice amendment will be rejecteu.
treaty procedure be followed; but, as I to a number of American citizens who Mr. KEATING. Mr. President, in re- have stated, that would be contrary to have been awarded claims for the Forsponse to the question asked by the Sen- the usual procedure. Furthermore, this eign Claims Settlement Commission. ator from Florida, let me state that the agreement will be submitted to the Sen- The Commission has already approved reason why no complaint was made in ate, when and if
if an agreement is these claims based on losses due to the
nationalization by the Communist Gov are still pending and unsettled the claims claimants as were U.S. citizens at the ernment in Czechoslovakia of the proper- of U.S. citizens against the U.S.S.R. for time of their loss are awarded valid ty of these United States citizens. The property taken in that nation and also claims. The Senator is correct in reCommission has awarded a total of the claims in Cuba. Such action would spect to his suggestion that there has $113,645,000 to 2,630 claimants. But it is be a real impetus, I fear, to an inadequate been discussion about extending the my understanding that the State De- settlement in the case of countries in benefits to those who have later acquired partment, now negotiating several issues which the claims of U.S. citizens have citizenship, but such a position has never with Czechoslovakia, may settle this been found by the Commission to be been written into the law. The only ones claim of over $113 million for only $11 valid.
who would be eligible are those who were million or about 9.7 percent of the ap Mr. PASTORE. Mr. President, will citizens at that time. proved total. In effect, the State De the Senator yield?
I would have no hesitancy in writing partment would give up 90 percent of Mr. DOUGLAS. I yield.
into the language of the amendment a these approved claims, severely under Mr. PASTORE. As I understood, the provision, on line 6, so that the amendcutting the determinations of awards Senator from Illinois has said that the ment at that line would read as follows: which have been made by the responsi- proposal would be a mandate to come to “Claims Settlement Commission, by ble U.S. agency. This reduced settle- Congress. As I understood the Senator nationals of the United States who were ment would be effected without allowing from New York, he said that the amend such at the time of their losses." these claimants either a hearing or an ment is merely an expression of the
Mr. HICKENLOOPER. If the lanappeal. sense of the Senate. There is a distinc
guage is properly drafted, I would have The Senator from New York [Mr. tion.
no objection. As I understand, the SenKEATING] has proposed an amendment Mr. KEATING. There is a distinc
ator's position is sincere. The language to the Foreign Assistance Act which tion. I hope, and would expect, that the
no doubt means what he says it means. would require Senate ratification of any Department of State would be in accord
If it does, there is no reason for not putclaims settlement reached with Czech- with our wishes if we declared it to be our
ting the language in the amendment oslovakia. The amendment is sensible sense, but they would not be required to
clearly and understandably. and deserves strong support. do so. I believe the Senator from Illi
Mr. KEATING. Mr. President, the Not only would the settlement pro- nois would concede that.
yeas and nays have been ordered. I ask posed by the State Department consti Mr. DOUGLAS. Yes, that is true.
unanimous consent that my amendment tute an unjust treatment of the claim Mr. KEATING. I hope that they
be modified so that on line 7, after the ants, who would receive less than 10 per- would treat it as a mandate but, strictly
word “States,” that there be added the cent of their already greatly reduced speaking, it would not be one.
words "who were such at the time of claims, but also it would, as the Senator Mr. HICKENLOOPER. Mr. Presi
their losses." from New York (Mr. KEATING] has point dent, the spirit of the amendment has ment would read:
Therefore, the amended out, provide assistance of over $100 my approval as an individual. I am con
PART V-MISCELLANEOUS million to the Communist Government of cerned about the language of the amendCzechoslovakia. Surely this would be ment. I do not believe that it makes suf
SEC. 501. It is the sense of the Congress contrary to the spirit expressed in re- ficiently clear that the claimants must
that any agreement hereafter entered into
between the Government of the United cent Senate votes on the pending bill. have been citizens of the United States
States and the Government of CzechosloMoreover, it is my understanding that at the time of the expropriation, seizure,
vakia relating to the settlement of claims, similar settlements are still outstanding or confiscation. I believe that point
or confiscation. I believe that point determined by the Foreign Claims Settleor in progress with other countries. In should be absolutely clear.
ment Commission, by nationals of the United the case of some countries the settle I am in sympathy with the theory that
States, who were such at the time of their ments have been 90 percent or more of a settlement of 10 cents on the dollar in
losses, against the Government of Czechoslo
vakia for losses resulting from nationalizathe total claim, and in no case has a the present case might set a precedent
tion or other taking of property of such settlement as low as 10 percent been for some other cases. I believe that con
nationals, shall be submitted to the Senate agreed to. We should consider the effect gress ought gress ought to have a look at the
for its advice and consent. of a 10-percent settlement with Czech amounts of the proposed settlements, oslovakia on the attitude toward further especially in relation to the Iron Curtain
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there
objection? The Chair hears none, and payments or settlements to be made by countries. I hope that the Senator will
it is so ordered. other countries such as Hungary, Cuba modify his amendment to make it absoand the Soviet Union.
lutely clear that the amendment would The question is on agreeing to the I do not think this amendment inter- not apply to persons who came over to
modified amendment of the Senator
from New York [Mr. KEATING] to the feres improperly with the responsibilities the United States and thereafter ac
committee amendment, as amended. On of the Department of State. We do not quired American citizenship. ask for a 100 percent settlement, merely The reason I make that statement is
this question the yeas and nays have for Senate review of the settlement the that some amendments along that line
been ordered, and the clerk will call
the roll. State Department asks that we accept. have been proposed. Persons who have Perhaps a case can be made that other come to this country and later acquired
The legislative clerk called the roll. considerations among the issues at stake American citizenship could make claims
Mr. HUMPHREY. I announce that justify a less than 100 percent settle- against the foreign countries in which
the Senator from Virginia [Mr. BYRD], ment. But in a case in which the deci- their property was seized while they were the Senator from West Virginia [Mr. sion of the responsible agency is threat- under the sovereignty and jurisdiction BYRD], the Senator from Louisiana (Mr. ened with almost complete contradiction of the seizing country. We may not like LONG), the Senator from Washington by another agency, I think we can prop- that. We may think that is morally [Mr. MAGNUSON], the Senator from Minerly insist on Senate review to provide wrong. But from a legal standpoint, it nesota [Mr. MCCARTHY], the Senator an opportunity for the protection of appears to me that the country under from Georgia [Mr. RUSSELL), the Senlegitimate interests of citizens. whose sovereignty the person was at the
ator from Mississippi (Mr. STENNIS], and I urge the adoption of the amendment, time the property was seized might have
the Senator from Missouri [Mr. SYMINGand I congratulate the Senator from a position.
TON] are absent on official business. New York [Mr. KEATING] for proposing Mr. KEATING. Mr. President, will
I also announce that the Senator from it. the Senator yield?
California [Mr. ENGLE] is absent because Mr. KEATING. Mr. President, will Mr. HICKENLOOPER. I yield.
of illness. the Senator yield?
Mr. KEATING. The 2,630 claimants
I further announce that, if present Mr. DOUGLAS. I yield.
who have had their claims adjudicated Mr. KEATING. I appreciate the re to the extent of $113 million were, each and voting, the Senator from California
[Mr. ENGLE], the Senator from Louisiana marks of the Senator The points which and every one of them citizens of the the Senator has made are very im- United States in 1945 when their prop [Mr. LONG), the Senator from Washingportant. If we allow a settlement of 10 erties were taken.
ton [Mr. MAGNUSON], and the Senator cents on the dollar in the present case, Second, the International Claims Set- from Minnesota [Mr. MCCARTHY] would I call attention to the fact that there tlement Act requires that only such each vote "nay."
On this vote, the Senator from Virginia assessments and/or contributions to the There being no objection, the article [Mr. BYRD) is paired with the Senator United Nations, no assistance shall be fur was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, from West Virginia [Mr. BYRD). If presnished under the provisions of this Act
as follows: ent and voting, the Senator from Vir
(other than supporting assistance under
WHAT PRICE PEACE?-UNITED NATIONS DEginia would vote “yea,” and the Senator tingency fund established under chapter 5
PENDS HEAVILY ON THE UNITED STATES TO from West Virginia would vote “nay.” of part I, and military assistance under chap
MEET MOUNTING COSTS OF ITS ACTIVITIES.
CONTINUED REFUSAL OF SOME NATIONS TO Mr. DIRKSEN. I announce that the ter 2 of part II), or any other law author
PAY THEIR SHARE OF PEACE OPERATIONS Senator from Arizona [Mr. GOLDWATER) izing assistance to foreign countries (other
POSES SERIOUS THREAT TO FUTURE OF THE is necessarily absent. than military assistance, supporting assist
U.N. ance, or assistance from the President's conThe Senator from Kentucky [Mr. tingency fund), to the government of any
The United Nations is suffering from a bad COOPER) and the Senator from California nation which is more than one year in
case of "financial nerves.” Continued re[Mr. KUCHEL] are detained on official arrears in its payment of any assessment
fusal of certain nations to pay their share business. by the United Nations for its regular budget
of assessments for emergency U.N. operations If present and voting, the Senator or for peace and security operations, unless is sapping the economic lifeblood out of the
international peace organization. from Arizona (Mr. GOLDWATER) and the the President determines that such govern
In December 1961, as the U.N. teetered on ment has given reasonable assurance of paySenator from California (Mr. KUCHEL]
ing (independently of such assistance) all the brink of bankruptcy, the General Aswould each vote "yea." such arrearages and placing its payments of
sembly authorized flotation of a $200 million The result was announced--yeas 39, such assessments on a current basis, or de
bond issue. By October 1963, 73 percent of nays 49, as follows: termines that such government, by reason
the bonds had been purchased and an addiof unusual and exceptional circumstances, is
tional $1.3 million was still on the books in [No. 225 Leg.] economically unable to give such assurance.
pledge form from 10 member nations. To YEAS-39
date, the United States has purchased $72 Allott Hart Pastore
Mr. MILLER. Mr. President, on each million of U.N. bonds, 50 percent of the total
Senator's desk are two mimeographed subscription.
tables. I propose to discuss these tables (A new law enacted by Congress in October Boggs Javits
1962 authorized the President of the United Johnston Ribicoff
after my preliminary remarks. Case
States to match bond purchases of other na-
My amendment was presented to the
tions with the total loan not to exceed $100
million.) Dirksen McClellan Talmadge hearings on this bill last June. My state
The U.N. spends about $90 million anDodd
Mechem Thurmond ment appears in the hearings report nually for its regular administrative and Dominick Miller
commencing at page 349. A list of the peacekeeping activities. Associated U.N. Douglas Morton
various members of the United Nations, agencies such as the Special Fund for EcoNAYS-49
nomic Assistance, the World Health Organishowing their total arrearages-regular Aiken Hartke Morse budget dues and assessments for the zation, and the U.N. Children's Fund add
another $250 million to U.N. expenditures. Anderson Hayden
Member nations are assessed for the regu-
the Congo—and receipts of grants, loans, lar budget according to "ability to pay,” Bayh Holland Nelson
and military assistance from the United i.e., per capita and total national income Brewster Humphrey Neuberger Bible Inouye Pell
States appears at pages 352 and 353. In and ability to acquire foreign currency. BeBurdick Jackson Randolph
the printing of the report, Mauritania cause the United States ranks high on all Cannon Jordan, N.C. Saltonstall
and Sudan were erroneously omitted. counts, it pays 32 percent of the regular Church
At the desk of each Senator are two budget compared to 15 percent paid by the Eastland
U.S.S.R. and 0.04 percent paid by smaller Mansfield Sparkman mimeographed tables updating the infor- nations such as El Salvador and Ivory Coast. Edmondson McGee
mation contained in the hearing report. The United States also contributes over 40 Ellender McGovern Williams, N.J. Ervin McIntyre Yarborough
The hearing report table was based on percent of the affiliated agencies' expenses. Fulbright McNamara Young, Ohio the report of the U.N. Secretariat as of The negative attitude of a handful of naGore Metcalf
May 31, 1963. The mimeographed tables tions in supporting the costly Congo and Gruening Monroney are based on the Secretariat report as
Suez operations forced the bond issue. But NOT VOTING-12 of September 30, 1963.
this economic bailout offers the U.N. only Byrd, Va. Goldwater McCarthy
temporary relief. Byrd, W. Va. Kuchel
In 1962, the International Court of Justice,
our foreign aid policy into our policy official U.N. judicial organ headquarters at Engle
Magnuson Symington with respect to the United Nations. I The Hague, Netherlands, ruled that expendiSo Mr. KEATING'S amendment, as invite attention to the statement in sec tures authorized by the General Assembly for modified, to the committee amendment tion 502 of the main bill which “reaffirms peacekeeping operations were legitimate exin the nature of a substitute, as amended, the policy of the United States to achieve penses of the organization and that, under international peace and security through
the charter, members who fell in arrears was rejected.
the United Nations." Mr. FULBRIGHT. Mr. President, I this basic policy of our country cannot be
2 years or more would lose the right to vote Most assuredly,
in the Assembly. move to reconsider the vote by which carried out if the United Nations goes eral Assembly in September 1964, when the
Between now and the opening of the Genthe amendment was rejected.
out of existence because of bankruptcy. new ruling will become effective, the U.N. Mr. HUMPHREY. Mr. President, I And, Mr. President, the U.N. is headed will have to stumble along as best it can. move to lay that motion on the table. for bankruptcy. The temporary relief Belgium, which in the past has refused to The motion to lay on the table was afforded by the U.N. bond issue is rapidly support the U.N. Congo operation,
recently agreed to. coming to an end. As of September 30
decided to pay her $192,000 share of the $16
million it will cost to keep the force there Mr. MILLER. Mr. President, I call of this year, total arrearages of member
during the first 6 months of 1964. The Belup my amendment No. 249, and ask that nations amounted to almost $104 million. gians, however, have made no decision reit be stated.
This situation has become progressively garding payment of the $3.3 million in back The PRESIDING OFFICER. The worse. As of September 30, 1961, ar assessments which have accrued since the amendment offered by the Senator from rearages totaled $44.7 million; as of Sep
operation began in July 1960. But the sudtember 30, 1962, the total was $80.9 mil- hope that other nations may follow suit.
den change in Belgian strategy sparks some Iowa to the committee amendment, in the nature of a substitute, as amended, lion.
The Congo force (ONUC) costs about $120 will be stated.
Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- million annually and the U.N. Emergency The LEGISLATIVE CLERK. It is pro sent to have inserted at this point in my Force in Suez (UNEF) about $20 million. In posed, on page 48, in the committee remarks an article from News Front for view of the serious financial crisis, Secretary amendment, to strike out the quotation October 1963, entitled “What Price cutback in U.N. assistance to the Congolese
General U Thant recently proposed a drastic marks at the end of line 3, and between Peace? United Nations Depends Heavily Government. lines 3 and 4 to insert the following:
on the United States To Meet Mounting Forty-nine member nations are $29.9 mil(k) In order to encourage preservation of Costs of Its Activities. Continued Re- lion in arrears for the UNEF operation. Sothe financial solvency of the United Nations fusal of Some Nations To Pay Their 69 percent of total back payments. Current
viet bloc nations and Cuba owe $21.1 million, which is being threatened by the failure of Share of Peace Operations Poses Serious UNEF debt, including second quarter 1963 some member nations to pay currently their Threat to Future of U.N."
payments, is $36 million.
But it is the Congo which has driven the whose primary purpose is to assure non Russia wants the U.N. to be a standing U.N. to the brink of disaster. Fifty-six na- aggression by these two countries.
conference which takes little action but tions owe $83.4 million in back payments. The future of the U.N. is precarious. If serves as a perfect propaganda forum. The France and the U.S.S.R. collectively owe $59.3 member nations continue to vote for action Soviets can certainly afford to pay the $60.7 million, 71 percent of the total. The overall and then refuse to accept the financial con million they owe the U.N. if they can afford debt outstanding for the Congo exceeds $100 sequences, it will be forced into total inertia. to spend $50 billion on armaments. They million.
If, on the other hand, votes of nonpaying do not contribute to U.N. peace operations Most members have willingly paid their members are taken away until they pay, the because actions taken in the Congo and share of assessments for U.N. administrative Soviet Union would in all likelihood boycott Suez do not serve Russian interests. activities. Possible loss of vote in the Gen the U.N. Should the organization be reduced Underdeveloped countries want a vigorous eral Assembly strengthens the incentive to to little more than a conference of Western U.N., organization primarily because they do so. Powers, the original purpose of the U.N., to
hope it will help them get rid of colonial Root of the U.N.'s financial malaise rests in brings friends and enemies together, will be
regimes and provide them with badly needed trying to enforce payment for peacekeeping defeated.
Increased revenue from independent U.N.
technical assistance. However, they are operations. The Russians refuse to pay for the UNEF and Congo forces claiming the ex activities such as the sale of stamps, publica
often neither willing nor able to assume penses are not for regular peacekeeping ac tions and TV services is one way out of the
financial responsibility for their votes. tivities of the organization, contrary to the dilemma. But net income derived from these
The United States favors a strong U.N. acruling of the World Court. They maintain sources amounts to $2 million, 4 percent of
tively engaged in promoting the cause of the "aggressors"; i.e., Great Britain, France, the regular budget and any increase would peace. In the past, much of the U.N.'s sucand Belgium should pay.
not go far in covering the costs of an op cess has rested on U.S. ability to muster Latin American countries feel underdeeration similar to the Congo.
enough votes to make sure that free world veloped nations cannot afford to underwrite
Other ambitious proposals would have the views prevailed, or at least to blockade any costly peacekeeping operations such as the U.N. collect dues from international canals, action inimical to our own interests. It is Congo. They say the Big Powers should pay international mail or exploit the resources of
doubtful the United States would be willing at least 70 percent of the total cost. the ocean beds or Antarctica.
to put up money for causes that went The financial straightjacket that delin
Most of these proposals are farfetched
against American interests. In a test case and chances for their adoption appear slim. 2 years ago, Washington refused to abide by quent members have put on the U.N. has forced the organization to take drastic steps weakness, claims “they require for their One observer, pointing to their inherent
a U.N. decision calling for the United States to finance its activities. In the running adoption conditions within the U.N. which
to pay $1 million for technical assistance to Yemeni civil war, the U.N. sent a watchdog do not prevail at this stage of the organiza
Cuba. mission to make sure the United Arab Re tion's development."
Naturally, the U.N. can ill afford to incur public and Saudi Arabia would not inter
The current difficulties plaguing the U.N.
the wrath of the U.S. Government by its devene. Because the U.N. lacked funds to fi are really political. They stem from the cisions. If the United States refuses to nance the mission, the United Arab Repub- divergent views the United States, underde- pay its huge share, the U.N. might as well lic and Saudi Arabia have agreed to pay the veloped countries, and the Soviet Union hold collapse in the murky waters of New York's $200,000 monthly upkeep of the U.N. Force about the function of the U.N.
[Dollars in thousands)
43. 6 1,860.6
.04 1.00 1.70
.50 1. 20 0.04 1.03
60.5 977.7 205.8
.04 .04 . 05 .04
.07 .52 .04 .04 3.10 .04
36.4 913.4 157.5 142.7 272.6 40.3 58.1 140.6
40.3 565.8 546.9 573.2 327.7
40.3 580.6 174.0
11.5 1, 280.1
6.5 203.1 6,504.6
6.6 11.5 30.6 241.8
6.6 2, 603.9
120.3 3, 339.8
833.3 5, 463. 2
141,1 1,616.4 520.4
174.0 89.4 69.4 46.5 191.0 232.9 97.7
400.0 6, 955.8 246.1 38.4
.30 4. 69 .30 .04 .07 .04 .20 .04 1.20 .04 .60
.13 . 20 .30 .07 .05 .04 .50 .90 .07 1.30
. 05 ..06
.04 .05 .10 .40
53.6 38.9 135. 1
5. 2 30.6
42.7 148.3 140.0 3.7 69. 2 36.6 30.5 30.6 84. 9 26.7 20.9 14.9 100.1 80.8 89.6 22.6 65.9 934.1 1, 390.4 2, 274.6 151,3
188.3 229.1 405.6 862.6
59.3 63. 6 44. 7
3.8 16.2 38.4
2. 3 14.1 24. 4
1, 424. 1 915. 7 913. 2 75.1
11.5 123. 3 428.3 19.8 35.5 16.2
719.0 2, 497.4
25.7 11.0 23.0 225.0 31.2 88.5
29. 3 85.7 64.9 36.4 40.3 167.4 21.4 362.0 76.9
3. 5 13.9
2.3 5.1 13.0 20.9 10.5 16.7 10.7 456.0
348.6 1, 497.3 122.9 64. 7
54.8 1, 448.5 1,828.9
86.6 551.6 131.5 63.8 67.6 38.1
58.0 7, 860.3 60, 801, 5
913. 2 3, 216.4 25, 119.4
59.7 344. 7 115.9 141.6 550.8 94. 3 65.5 8.9 8.9
47.2 47.2 152.4 147.9
66.3 2, 188.5
. 20 .04 .05 .40
.30 7.60 32.00
83.9 25.0 813.7
.04 2.00 .50 . 20
65.1 728. 2 31.9
100 43, 229.5 35, 599. 6 10,049.7 179, 285. 6