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National industrial equipment reserve the materials for conventional war and do not These figures are from the July 1963 reUnder general policies established and di- have any arbitrary adjustments for possible port on Federal stockpile inventories comrectives issued by the Secretary of Defense, increased requirements for other types of piled from official agency data by the Joint the General Services Administration is re

Committee on Reduction of Nonessential emergency sponsible for care, maintenance, utilization,

Heretofore, there was a "basic objective" Federal Expenditures, showing detail with transfer, leasing, lending to nonprofit

and a "maximum objective" for each mate- respect to quantity and cost value of each schools, disposal, transportation, repair,

rial. The basic objectives assumed some con commodity in the inventories covered. restoration, and renovation of national intinued reliance on foreign sources of supply

STRATEGIC AND CRITICAL MATERIALS dustrial reserve equipment transferred to

in an emergency. The former maximum ob-
jectives

discounted

completely GSA under the National Industrial Reserve

foreign

So-called strategic and critical materials

are stored by the Government in (1) the Act of 1948 (50 U.S.C. 451-462).

sources of supply beyond North America and
comparable accessible areas.

national stockpile, (2) the Defense ProducHELIUM

tion Act inventory, and (3) the supple

Previously, maximum objectives could not The helium conservation program is con be less than 6 months' normal usage of the

mental-barter stockpile. ducted by the Department of the Interior

Overall, there are now 94 materials stockmaterial by industry in the United States in pursuant to the Helium Act, approved Sep periods of active demand. The 6-month rule piled in the strategic and critical inventember 13, 1960 (Public Law 86–777; 74 Stat. has been eliminated in establishing the new

tories. Maximum objectives—in terms of 918; 50 U.S.C. 167), and subsequent appro calculated conventional war objectives.

volume—are presently fixed for 76 of these priations acts which have established fiscal

94 materials. Of the 76 materials having

The Office of Emergency Planning also anlimitations and provided borrowing authority

maximum objectives, 61 were stockpiled in nounced that the present Defense Mobiliza

excess of their objectives as of July 31, 1963. for the program. Among other things, the tion Order V-7, dealing with general policies

The Office of Emergency Planning is in Helium Act authorizes the Secretary of the for strategic and critical materials stockInterior to produce helium in Government

the process of establishing new objectives for piling, was now being revised to reflect these plants, to acquire helium from private

strategic and critical materials. This report new policies. When finally prepared and applants, to sell hellum to meet current de

contains pertinent agency explanation and proved, the new order will be published in

reflects the new objectives for 12 materials, mands, and to store for future use helium the Federal Register.

4 of which-chromite (metallurgical grade), that is so produced or acquired in excess of New conventional war objectives for the mercury, nickel, and sperm oil-appear that required to meet current demands. remaining stockpile materials are being de- for the first time in July. Sales of helium by the Secretary of the In

veloped as rapidly as new supply-requireterior shall be at prices established by him

Increases in cost value were reported in ments data become available. They will be which shall be adequate to liquidate the costs

16 of the materials stockpiled in all strareleased as they are approved. of the program within 25 years, except that

tegic and critical inventories, decreases were

The Office of Emergency Planning is also reported in 19 materials, and 59 materials this period may be extended by the Secretary

making studies to determine stockpile needs remained unchanged during July. for not more than 10 years for funds bor

to meet the requirements of general nuclear rowed for purposes other than the acquisiwar and reconstruction. Stockpile objectives

National stockpile tion and construction of helium plants and

for nuclear war have not previously been de The cost value of materials in the national facilities.

veloped. Some commodity objectives may be stockpile as of July 31, 1963, totaled $5,813,This report covers helium that is produced

higher and others may be lower than the ob- 052,400. This was a net decrease of $3,455,in Government plants and acquired from

jectives established for conventional war. 800 during the month. The largest decreases private plants. Helium in excess of current demands is stored in the Cliffside gasfield studies are completed, stockpile objectives

After the nuclear war supply-requirements were $1,519,900 in rubber and $726,400 in co

conut oil. near Amarillo, Tex. The unit of measure is

will be based upon calculated deficits for cubic foot at 14.7 pounds per square inch

Defense Production Act inventory either conventional war or nuclear war, absolute pressure and 70° F.

The cost value of materials in the Defense whichever need is larger. The Office of Emergency Planning stressed totaled $1,496,434,900. This was a net de

Production Act inventory as of July 31, 1963,
APPENDIX B

that any long-range disposal programs un-
NEW STOCKPILE OBJECTIVES
dertaken prior to the development of objec- was $2,462,900 in aluminum.

crease of $3,070,000. The largest decrease The Office of Emergency Planning is in would provide

against disposing of quantities tives based on nuclear war assumptions

Supplemental barter the process of establishing new objectives which might be needed to meet essential re The cost value of materials in the supplefor strategic and critical materials. Table 1 of this report reflects the new objectives for

quirements in the event of nuclear attack. mental-barter stockpile as of July 31 totaled 12 materials: Aluminum, castor oil, chromite

While the disposal of surplus materials can $1,340,697,172. This was a net increase of

produce many problems which have not $2,625,139. The largest increase was in man(metallurgical grade), copper, feathers and down, lead, mercury, nickel, opium, sperm

heretofore arisen, every effort will be made ganese.

to see that the interests of producers, procesoil, tin, and zinc. The new objectives for

OTHER STOCKPILE INVENTORIES chromite (metallurgical grade), mercury,

sors, and consumers, and the international
interests of the United States are carefully materials covered by the report, the largest

Among the other categories of stockpiled nickel, and sperm oil appear in the July re

considered, both in the development and is $4.8 billion in agricultural commodities. port for the first time. The following excerpts from OEP state

carrying out of disposal programs. Before
decisions are made regarding the adoption of during July were reported for cotton and

Major decreases in agricultural commodities ments dated July 11 and 19, 1963, set forth

a long-range disposal program for a particuthe new policy with respect to objectives for lar item in the stockpile, there will be appro

wheat, partially offset by increases in milk strategic and critical materials: priate consultations with industry in order

and butterfat. "The Office of Emergency Planning is now to obtain the advice of interested parties.

Inventories of civil defense supplies and conducting supply-requirements studies for

equipment showed increases in medical all stockpile materials which will reflect cur

stocks; the machine tools inventories rent military, industrial, and other essential

STATEMENT BY SENATOR BYRD OF VIRGINIA

showed no change; and the helium invenneeds in the event of a conventional war emergency. On the basis of recently com

The cost value of Federal stockpile inven

tories showed a net increase during July. pleted supply-requirements studies for the

tories as of July 31, 1963, totaled $13,756,foregoing materials, the new stockpile objec

165,745. This was a net decrease of $65,827, REPORT ON DISPOSITION OF tives were established with the advice and 627 as compared with the July 1 total of $13,

EXECUTIVE PAPERS assistance of the Interdepartmental Materials

821,993,372.

Net changes during the month are sumAdvisory Committee, a group chaired by the

Mr. JOHNSTON, from the Joint Se

lect Committee on the Disposition of Office of Emergency Planning and composed marized by major category as follows: of representatives of the Department of

Papers in the Executive Departments, State, Defense, the Interior, Agriculture,

to which was referred for examination Commerce, and Labor, and the General Sery.

Cost value, July 1963 and recommendation a list of records ices Administration, the Agency for Interna. Major category

transmitted to the Senate by the Architional Development, and the National Aercia

Net change

Total, end vist of the United States, dated October nautics and Space Administration. Repre

during of month
month

29, 1963, that appeared to have no persentatives of the Bureau of the Budget, the

manent value or historical interest, subAtomic Energy Commission, and the Small Business Administration participate as Strategic and critical ma

mitted a report thereon, pursuant to observers.

terials.

-$3,900, 661 $8,650, 184, 472 law.

Agricultural commodities. These new objectives reflect a new policy Civil defense supplies and

-63, 798, 597 4,779, 245, 727 to establish a single objective for each stock equipment.

+959, 025 225, 198, 707

BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTION pile material. They have been determined on

Machine tools.

92, 317, 100 Helium.com

+912, 606 the basis of criteria heretofore used in estab

9, 219, 739

INTRODUCED lishing maximum objectives, and reflect the Total...

-65, 827, 627 13, 756, 165, 745

Bills and a joint resolution were introapproximate calculated emergency deficits for

duced, read the first time, and, by unan

imous consent, the second time, and re Mr. President, impacted areas assist- propriately referred; and, without objecferred as follows:

ance has been on the lawbooks since tion, the bill will lie at the desk as By Mr. BURDICK:

1950. In that time a total of $1.426 bil- requested, and the tables will be printed S. 2303. A bill to provide for a highway lion has been appropriated under Public in the RECORD. bridge across the Missouri River between Law 874, and a total of $1.087 billion The bill (S. 2304) to extend for 3 years Bismarck, N. Dak., and Mobridge, S. Dak.; under Public Law 815.

under Public Law 815. These figures Public Laws 815 and 874, 81st Congress, to the Committee on Public Works.

show how extensive the program has be- providing assistance for schools in areas By Mr. TOWER: S. 2304. A bill to extend for 3 years Public come; how vital it is for the educational

come; how vital it is for the educational affected by Federal activities, introduced Laws 815 and 874, 81st Congress, providing system; how important it is that the by Mr. TOWER, was received, read twice assistance for schools in areas affected by Congress act promptly.

by its title, and referred to the CommitFederal activities; to the Committee on Labor More than 4,000 local school districts tee on Labor and Public Welfare. and Public Welfare.

are being placed in the impossible posi The tables presented by Mr. TOWER (See the remarks of Mr. TOWER when he tion of being unable to complete budgets are as follows: introduced the above bill, which appear un

for the fiscal year. Without budgets der a separate heading.)

I.Public Law 815: Federal funds reserved, By Mr. SCOTT: they do not have any idea how large an

for local educational agencies and Federal S. 2305. A bill to provide for the estab- educational program they can attempt

installations, for construction lishment of the Allegheny Portage Railroad how many teachers to hire, what salaries National Historic Site and the Johnstown to pay, what additions to undertake.

Total Flood National Memorial in the State of In short, by delaying approval of this

State Pennsylvania, and for other purposes; to program, the Congress is tampering with the Committee on Interior and Insular Af

1951-62

1962 the education of millions of American fairs. S. 2306. A bill to confer jurisdiction upon pupils.

Total.

$1,069, 873, 115 $71, 820, 859 the Court of Claims to hear, determine, and

As the Senate knows, impacted-areas

Alabama. render judgment upon certain claims of legislation simply calls for Federal sub

21, 659, 507 435, 336 Alaska..

29, 283, 725 3,173, 420 Arlene Coats, a partnership consisting of sidization of schools in areas where there Arizona.

37,838, 304 3, 118, 460 Sidney Berkenfeld and Benjamin Prepon; are Federal defense establishments such

Arkansas.

15, 000, 595

755, 299 to the Committee on the Judiciary.

California. as Air Force, Army, and Navy bases, and

172, 446, 297 10, 133, 191

Colorado. By Mr. KEATING (for himself and Mr. where an undue and unusual load has

20, 527, 133 1, 814, 642 Connecticut.

12, 214,944 2, 377,916 JAVITS):

Delaware

3,053, 067 been placed on the local school system S.J. Res. 132. Joint resolution for the re

Florida.

29, 813, 885 4,591, 787 lief of certain aliens; to the Committee on because of the Federal installation.

Georgia

36,088, 738 1,651, 914

Hawaii. the Judiciary. It is well known that I am opposed

18,853, 589 Idaho.

8,022, 211 1, 326,068 to Federal aid to education through Illinois.

14, 872, 973

136, 645 grant and loan programs, but when the

Indiana.

9,094, 915 EXTENSION OF IMPACTED AREAS

Iowa.
Federal Government places an undue

2,274, 377

16, 520 Kansas.

19,041, 365

772, 763 LEGISLATION VITAL burden on a local school district, and

Kentucky

15, 746, 397

33, 000 Louisiana

7,003, 264

86, 135 Mr. TOWER. Mr. President, I rise when the local district does not have Maine

7,631, 699 1,660, 000 today to introduce a bill incorporating compensating tax revenue sources, then Maryland...

53, 818, 029 4, 607, 407 Massachusetts.

13, 143, 167 1,040, 896 legislation already passed this session I think it is the responsibility of the

Michigan..

46, 312, 077 2,874, 702 by the Senate. My purpose in making Federal Government to provide funds for Minnesota

3,985, 029

45, 381

Mississippi. such an unusual introduction is to call to relief of the critical situation it has

8, 152, 070

30,080 Missouri.

19, 924, 415

296, 124 my colleagues' attention an emergency created.

Montana.

11, 197, 637 2, 302, 433

Nebraska.

Federally impacted areas have probthat is developing swiftly and is threat

7,887, 801 2, 107,063 Nevada...

9, 234, 886 1,573, 650 ening to overtake more than 4,000 school lems that other communities do not have New Hampshire

1, 719, 954 districts across our Nation. to face. First, there is the sudden im

New Jersey

13,828, 991 1,093, 052 New Mexico.

39, 782, 535 1,522, 471 The emergency lies in the failure of the pact of an accelerated population in New York.

20, 209, 688

1, 279, 310 Congress yet to enact an extension of crease. This in turn creates the prob North Carolina

20, 242, 802 1, 143, 730

North Dakota. the impacted areas program of assistance lem of increasing all public services,

4,624, 311 869, 990 Ohio.--

24,776, 954 1, 406, 598 to local education. Some 2 million schools, roads, water supplies, transpor Oklahoma..

30, 184, 745 1,962, 928 pupils are involved; more than $272 mil- tation. All this creates an abnormal

Oregon...

4, 159, 318

16, 675

Pennsylvania lion.

4,549, 996

44,010 drain on local resources that cannot be Rhode Island

4, 311, 395 116,000 The Senate, of course, approved a 3- met by the normal solution of raising South Carolina.

17, 458, 233

785, 655 South Dakota..

9, 145, 125 2,283, 430 year extension of the impacted areas local tax rates. And, we must remem Tennessee.

8, 954, 714

19, 090 program as a part of H.R. 4955 as ber that because the population of many Texas.

65, 788, 334 3,624, 247

Utah. amended by the Senate Committee on of these areas fluctuates and because the

12, 025, 862

1,094, 329 Vermont

185, 111 Labor and Public Welfare. I felt that Federal activity often is unstable, there Virginia.

73, 693, 183 6,035, 453 the strategy of including impacted areas is less investment in these areas in per

Washington

47,751, 320 934, 943 West Virginia

243, 148

75,000 legislation in a bill embodying other manent residential and commercial Wisconsin.

2,013, 328

248, 990 more controversial provisions might lead property.

Wyoming

2, 327, 548

48, 056 Guam..

2, 818, 373 to an unnecessary delay. I know that a For all these reasons, extension of im Puerto Rico.

4,583, 180

130, 320 number of my colleagues shared that pacted-areas legislation is imperative. Virgin Islands.

Wake Island.. view. Because more than 4,000 school dis

372, 871

125, 750 For whatever reason, that delay is tricts are marking time awaiting a decinow upon us. The conferees have not sion on this legislation, the Congress

II.—Public Law 874: Appropriations, fiscal been able to reach agreement on the bill, must act now.

year 1962 and thus extension of impacted areas Therefore, I send to the desk this bill

1962 assistance is tied up for an indefinite embodying a simple 3-year extension of

Category and State period.

impacted-areas legislation, and I ask The bill I introduced today embodies unanimous consent that it lie at the desk the section of H.R. 4955 applying to im- before printing through the close of busi

Appropriations...

$247,000,000 pacted areas. The language is identical ness, Friday, November 15, so that other to that already approved by the Senate. Senators may join as cosponsors if they

Total entitlements..

1 246, 633, 498 It is my hope that, handled as a separate so desire.

Net entitlements: matter, this bill can be swiftly considered And, Mr. President, I ask unanimous Alabama...

5, 349, 57 and sent to the other body. Although consent that there be printed in the

Alaska...

6,808, 231

Arizona... there are differences between the houses RECORD at this point in my remarks two

5, 189, 876 Arkansas.

1, 428, 031 on this extension, I hope that by concen- tables setting forth the current data on

California

42,033, 957

Colorado.. trating on this single program the dis- the allocation of funds under each of the

7, 163, 724 Connecticut.

2, 457, 392 tinguished conferees will be able to reach applicable statutes.

Delaware..

259, 832 quick agreement allowing the program to

Florida.

6, 215, 166 The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem Georgia

5,592, 672 continue.

pore. The bill will be received and ap 1 May be changed on basis of additional information.

II.--Public Law 874: Appropriations, fiscal Gordon S. Seagrave, introduced by Mr.

Gordon S. Seagrave, introduced by Mr. to march to New Orleans over the year 1962_Continued

HART (for himself and other Senators) Natchez Trace to fight the British under on November 5, 1963.

Lord Packenham, opportunities to enlist 1962 Category and State

were so eagerly sought that men paid for

the privilege of volunteer service. MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE

During World War II, seven draft Net entitlements :

A message from the House of Repre- boards never had to draft a man beHawaii. $4,938, 280 sentatives, by Mr. Hackney, one of its

volunteers filled Tennessee's Idaho

1,918, 609 Illinois.

reading clerks, announced that the 4, 352,845

that the quotas. Indiana

1, 282, 105

House had agreed to the report of the Tennessee's guardsmen have particiIowa..

832, 826 committee of conference on the disagree- pated with force, fervor, and fame in our Kansas.

5, 838, 375 Kentucky

1, 472, 530 ing votes of the two Houses on the Nation's wars, starting with the RevoluLouisiana

964, 454 amendments of the Senate to the bill tion. Maine.

2,062, 810 Maryland.

9, 461, 446

(H.R. 6868) making appropriations for While we desire to pay tribute to past Massachusetts.

7, 131, 493 the legislative branch for the fiscal year achievements, the enormity of the presMichigan

918, 719 Minnesota

501, 835

ending June 30, 1964, and for other pur ent-day challenges compels us to considMississippi.

1, 840, 855 poses; that the House receded from its er the future. Our Constitution is deMissouri.

,724, 784

disagreement to the amendments of the signed to discourage a large permanent Montana.

2, 186, 652 Nebraska

757, 568 Senate numbered 14, 33, and 39 to the Army. On the other hand, the shrinkNevada..

1, 569, 402 bill, and concurred therein, and that the New Hampshire.. ,320, 536

age of time brought about by supersonic New Jersey.

5, 974, 390

House receded from its disagreement to transportation and instant communicaNew Mexico

172, 539 the amendment of the Senate numbered New York..

tions systems makes it impossible to wait ,058, 625 North Carolina.

32 to the bill, and concurred therein, 2,781, 324

until the danger is imminent to train North Dakota

916, 227 with an amendment, in which it reOhio

our manpower. 615, 602

There are those who quested the concurrence of the Senate. Oklahoma 7,490, 344

argue that we really do not have so much Oregon. 1, 176, 678

need for our Reserve components—that Pennsylvania.

5,096, 775 Rhode Island

VETERANS DAY TRIBUTE TO THE war has changed so materially that we South Carolina.

3, 809, 630

NATIONAL GUARD AND THE RE- should have an Army continuously large South Dakota..

2, 425, 471 Tennessee 2, 511, 403 SERVE

enough to meet any conceivable crisis. Texas. 13,981, 061

I can assure you Mr. President, that I do Utah.

2, 257, 324

Mr. WALTERS. Mr. President, it be- not agree with them. Crises come and Vermont.

57,533 fits us here today to reaffirm our alleVirginia Washington.

19,51188. giance to those hallmarks-patriotism go, and we are strengthened considerably West Virginia

by this large pool of trained manpower 141, 120 and readiness. Today our guardsmen Wisconsin 702, 584 and reservists are indelibly stamped called when needed. Our Reserve com

who have volunteered to serve and be Wyoming

931, 349 Guam.

188, 432

with these principles which have motiVirgin Islands.

71, 150
vated the men of our Nation to meet the never before, and must also fit into the

ponents must, however, be ready as Payments to Federal agencies.

13, 379, 770

many threats to the safety and well-
being of our homes and families and to

war plans of the “one-Army team.” AMENDMENT OF SMALL BUSINESS our Government, over the years. TO

With a strength of only a little over ACT-AMENDMENTS (AMEND- me, the citizen soldier is a manifestation 960,000 men and women, the Active MENT NO. 318) of a spirit essential to our existence as Army provides the key part of the for

ward line of defense of the free world. a free and democratic nation—the spirit Mr. HART (for himself, Mr. HUM- which has been demonstrated by their With U.S. military assistance advisory PHREY, Mr. MCCARTHY, Mr. McNAMARA, voluntary service in peace and war

groups and military missions established Mr. NELSON, and Mr. PROXMIRE) sub- against any element that would harm in over 40 countries of Europe, Asia, and mitted amendments, intended to be proour people.

South America, the Army assists in posed by them, jointly, to the bill (S. 1309) to amend the Small Business Act, of Tennessee as a State and territory sions in countries of the free world.

The hardy and self-reliant pioneers training nearly 200 ground combat diviand for other purposes, which were ordered to lie on the table and to be printed. ing strains in the world—Anglo-Saxon, descended from some of the best fight- Also, it maintains a strategic reserve of

combat divisions capable of reinforcing Scotch-Irish, Huguenot, and Welsh.

immediately our oversea theaters or of FEDERAL SERVICE PROCURE- Tennessee is known as the volunteer coming with limited war anywhere. MENT-ADDITIONAL

One of the Army's most important caCOSPON

State. As we well know, the Declaration SORS OF BILL

of Independence was adopted by the pabilities is that of being ready to un

Continental Congress in 1776. Four dergo full-scale expansion in the event of Mr: BENNETT. Mr. President, since years later we were still fighting

to hold a general war. This

capability is the key my bill on Federal service procurement

the independence which that historic to the success of our one-Army concept, (S. 2254) was printed, eight additional

document declared. The first recorded and our Reserve components are essenSenators have asked to be included as call for volunteers in Tennessee history tial with their paid drill strength of apcosponsors of the

bill. I ask unanimous is found in the records of Col. John proximately 700,000 stationed in comconsent that at the next printing of the Sevier, Washington County, Tennessee munities throughout the country. bill the names of Senators HRUSKA, Territory, who on March 19, 1780, issued

In the event of full-scale mobilization, PROUTY, RIBICOFF, BAYH, MILLER, JAVITS,

a call for 100 good men. Two hundred the Reserve component units expanded JORDAN of Idaho, and THURMOND be answered. He and the militiamen he to full combat strength would increase added as cosponsors of the bill.

commanded did their part to insure our the size of our Active Army many times The ACTING PRESIDENT pro temindependence.

its present strength. The combat units pore. Without objection, it is so ordered.

But it was not until the war with have some of the latest equipment in

Mexico that Volunteer State became the the Army's inventory, and continued AWARD OF MEDAL TO DR. GORDON byword for Tennessee. Congress called emphasis is being given to acquiring S. SEAGRAVE-ADDITIONAL CO

for 50,000 volunteers. Tennessee's quota more up-to-date equipment for them. SPONSORS OF JOINT RESOLUTION counted, there were more than 26,000 was 2,600. When the volunteers were The 30th Armored Division is a part of

the immediate Reserve. As such it is Under authority of the order of the from Tennessee alone. Balloting was authorized to maintain a high percentage Senate of November 5, 1963, the names used to determine which of the original of its full organizational strength, and of Mr. LONG of Missouri, Mr. PELL, Mr. volunteers would be accepted, and the will be given preferential treatment in WILLIAMS of New Jersey, and Mr. YAR- campaigning for this privilege of volun the allotment of available equipment. BOROUGH were added as additional co teering was conducted as sharply and Continued emphasis is being placed on sponsors of the joint resolution (S.J. Res. as seriously as a race for high political programs bringing the Reserve compo131) to authorize the President of the honor today. Before the end of the War nent units to the highest possible state United States to award a medal to Dr. of 1812, when Andrew Jackson was ready

of 1812, when Andrew Jackson was ready of mobilization readiness. Probably the

best test of whether these programs are To think that the world is 25,000 miles But remember, regardless of all of the paying off is the amount of time it will around is like thinking of money in technology we have now, and the great take after mobilization to prepare the terms of 1914 dollars. But even the mile weapons we have produced, the cenReserve components for their post mobi has shrunk more than the dollar.

turies-old hunt for the ultimate weapon lization roles. The Berlin crisis in the Already in our lifetimes we have seen reveals that man himself is the ultimate fall of 1961 was an actual test of the more technological change than in all weapon, and will always remain so. But mobilization readiness of our Reserves. the previous history of the world. The the only place where the ultimate weapon This partial mobilization revealed a num little world in which we were born and can come from is the community. The ber of deficiencies which the Defense De educated is not here any more.

ultimate weapon is the soldier, guardspartment has since been working dili

If there is anything we can learn from men, and reservists who make the gently to correct. Plans are also under history, it is that man seldom profits by sacrifices necessary to attain the victory. way to shorten the period required for it, even when he could. One thing we units to become fully combat ready.

can learn, that the newer anything is, demonstrates the spirit of a great State We came through World War II with

the more complex it is, and the more and Nation. This is your great privilege, the biggest bomb in the world, the complex it is, the sooner it becomes your

responsibility, your job as "blockbuster,” which had the explosive obsolete.

Americans. equivalent of 6 tons of TNT and 1 ton

There was a time when war was very of TNT was a good unit of measurement. simple and a bunch of guys went out OPEN MARKET FINANCING FOR REA It is easy to see that the Defense Deinto the field and battered each other's

Mr. LAUSCHE. Mr. President, pendpartment is in the time business. No brains out while the rest of the people ing in the Agriculture Committee of longer can we count on adequate warn went on living as though nothing much the Senate is a bill introduced by me ing of either an impending or an actual was happening. In such a war the

which, if enacted, will substantially attack. We cannot afford to take artillery lent the only dignity to what

artillery lent the only dignity to what change the terms, conditions, and the chances, because in the 5,000 years of was otherwise just a disgraceful brawl. rate of interest under which loans made mankind's history time has been com Now war has gone technological. A by the Rural Electrification Administrapressed.

Nike missile system contains 1.5 million tion are authorized. I introduced this For over 4,900 of the 5,000 years of this parts, 217,000 feet of conductor wire, bill because it is apparent that the origihistory, the speed of man's progress was 2,000 feet of coaxial cable, 2,000 electron nal purpose for which the REA was measured by the speed at which he could tubes, 12,000 resistors, 5,000 capacitors,

tubes, 12,000 resistors, 5,000 capacitors, created has been achieved—at present travel. That speed was the speed of the

460 relays, 1,250 coils, plus numerous practically 98 percent of the farmers of horse and the oxcart, which never exother items.

the Nation being served with electricity; ceeded a few miles a day. Man could go

Clubs were good weapons for thouonly as fast as a horse could carry or pull sands of years. And then the compli- tion for the U.S. Government lending

moreover, that there was no justificahim. Rich man, poor man—both could

cated bow and arrow was invented, but money to rural electric cooperatives at 2travel only as fast as the oat burner they did not last as long as the club.

they did not last as long as the club. percent interest when the Government in could carry him.

Then we had the new ultimate weapon, borrowing the money with which to In the time of Paul Revere, American

but today's will not last as long as the history was made only as fast as a horse

make the loan had to pay a rate of inbow and arrow, because it is more com terest of about 4 percent; also that our could gallop. plicated.

efforts of keeping Government out of In 1830 man broke the oat barrier

Technology is a peculiar thing—it has business would be greatly hampered and with the iron horse.

no morals; it may be used for good or the tax revenues of the Federal GovernIn 1910 we bought the first military evil. It has no nationality; it may be

evil. It has no nationality; it may be ment adversely and seriously impaired plane, and it reached the incredible used by friend or foe; it can eliminate if the Government perpetuated a tax speed of 42 miles per hour. By World polio or people; and it has no feelings.

polio or people; and it has no feelings. situation under which rural electric coWar I, we were getting speeds of 100

It can be used to create a hell or paradise, operatives paid 3.2 cents of their annual miles per hour on the automobile race Some people say we are not prepared revenues in taxes while private power track and with some aircraft, and toward for war. Somebody is going to ask if companies paid 22.8 cents. the end could boast of 150 miles per hour

we are planning for a long war or a When the REA law was passed the in the air. At the beginning of World short war.

short war. Ask the fire department if it rate of interest was fixed at 3 percent War II we were at 200 miles per hour is planning for a big fire or a small one.

is planning for a big fire or a small one. and in 1945 lowered and then pegged and ended at about 470 miles per hour,

We do not plan on starting any wars. at 2 percent deliberately to aid the rural which was top secret. And then came

But we must recognize that we have electrics to establish themselves and to the break through the sound barrier.

potential enemies. There may be no be able to serve the farmers. It was Now we glibly talk about 18,000 miles timely warning of any impending or believed, and in all probability it was so, per hour. Few people can realize how

actual attack. So we hope that the that the moneys could not be borrowed quickly we have progressed from the oat precautions of being well prepared will in the open public market at a rate of burner to the atom burner, but in 1956

cause our enemies to hesitate and think interest that would have enabled these the pilot of a Navy plane fired his guns,

before starting a war. Nonpreparedness rural electrics to survive. then the plane overtook its own bullets invites war.

That situainvites war. We will have little or no tion, however, in the course of time has and shot itself down.

time to prepare after the enemy attacks. completely changed. Money can now Now one can fly from coast to coast in

I believe that preparedness does deter be borrowed in the open market at a seemingly less time than it takes him to

aggression. I believe that if you are rate of interest that will enable these get his baggage after he gets there.

prepared, and conspicuously prepared, rural electrics to expand if they so deThe atom bomb changes all that. We you are not likely to get into a fight. I sire. invented the word "kiloton," meaning a never heard of anyone picking a fight

A good example of what the lending thousand tons of TNT; but for the H with a guy unless he thought there was capacity of the open market is has been bomb we invented “megaton,” measuring a chance of beating him.

revealed by the encouraging experience 1 million tons. And how big is a mega

In our time things are exploding. If in Ohio. In my State 30 rural cooperaton? It would fill a string of boxcars, you are 20 or 30 months behind the time, tives formed a supercooperative called stretching for over 200 miles, and would you are further behind than being 20 or the Buckeye Power Co. This combinaroughly equal 166,000 blockbusters of 30 years behind in your father's time. If tion of 30 rural cooperatives operating World War II.

we fail to maintain the pace we can be under the name of the Buckeye Electric In World War I we talked of ranges only a second-class nation. War is that Power Co. has joined forces with a subaround 20,000 or 30,000 yards, and in peculiar game in which no medals are sidiary of the investor-owned American World War II of maybe 80,000 yards awarded for second place.

Electric Power Co. to set up a new $125 Then yards as a measure of range be It has been said that if we build up million generating plant. This combicame obsolete; so now we talk of thou- our defenses and they are not needed, nation of 30 rural electric co-ops in putsands of miles.

we lose only dollars. If we do not have ting up its share of the money to conTechnology is the machine that mul- them, and they are needed, we lose our struct the generating plant is not bortiplies a man's strength a billion times. country.

rowing it from the Rural Electrification CIX -1366

Administration of the Federal Govern- Senaté on it, is in itself the greatest troversial, I do not believe any one of ment but has gone into the open market tribute to the leadership of this body them would be classified by any of those to raise their share of the capital by which can be found.

of us of long experience in the Senate as borrowing from general institutional Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, will the being major. lenders. Senator from Vermont yield?

Mr. AIKEN. Yes.
The powerplant which is being built
Mr. AIKEN. I yield.

Mr. MORSE. Yet we continue to be with a combination of capital provided Mr. MORSE. I join in the statement charged in some quarters in the press by the private power companies on the of the Senator from Vermont. I sug- and elsewhere as not doing our job. one hand and the 30 rural electric co-ops gest that in the next day or two a com

Certainly it is not our fault if some on the other will have the largest power pilation of the legislative accomplish- bill is not reported from a committee; generating capacity of any plant under ments of the Senate at this session be and it may not be the fault of the comone roof in the world. The ability of prepared and printed in the RECORD, be- mittee, either. Certainly it is not our rural cooperatives to borrow in the open cause it also will buttress and fortify the fault that a civil rights bill is not pendmarket rather than from the Federal observation of the Senator from Vermont ing in the Senate. The Senate is waitGovernment is clearly demonstrated by as to the effectiveness of the leadership ing for that bill to be passed by the other this Ohio experience. It constitutes sub- of the Senate in proceeding with the body. In the past 24 hours, I have stantial proof that the laws of the Fed- legislative program which awaits our at- checked on that situation; and I think eral Government on rural electrics need tention.

the sources in the other body which I modification.

The Senator from Vermont is quite questioned are utterly reliable.

correct in saying that on the calendar have said, “Senator, you will not get a ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE

there are only 20 bills or resolutions. If bill on civil rights in another 2 weeks.SENATE LEADERSHIP

he does not object, I shall ask unanimous Those are realities of the legislative

consent that the Senate's Legislative process. But I do not see why the leadertention to the fact that remaining on RECORD, because I believe it is a complete are elsewhere and not on the floor of the Mr. AIKEN. Mr. President, I call at- Calendar be printed

at this point in the ship of the Senate should be held up to the Senate Calendar are only 20 bills or rebuttal to the statements of those who resolutions, and they include House bill

Senate. 7885 which now is before the Senate. seek to give the impression that the Sen

Mr. President, I ask unanimous conof these 20, only 8 can be considered ate has been dragging its heels, insofar sent that the calendar of the Senate for controversial in any sense of the word; as the floor work of our leadership is con- today be printed at this point in my the other 12 would take perhaps 30 min- cerned. That is not so.

remarks. utes to dispose of.

Even of the eight measures on the There being no objection, the calendar Mr. President, the condition of the calendar which the Senator from Ver- was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, calendar, with virtually no work for the mont has said might be considered con- as follows:

They

General orders under rule VIII

Order Number and author of bill
No.

Title

Reported by

305 H.R. 4214. An act for the relief of the Stella Reorganized Schools R-I, Missouri. June 27, 1963.- Mr. Eastland, Committee on the Judiciary,

($1,500) without amendment. (Rept. 331.) 319 S. 5, Mr. Yarborough and A bill to provide readjustment assistance to veterans who serve in the July 2, 1963. --Mr. Yarborough, Committee on Labor and others. Armed Forces during the induction period.

Public Welfare, with amendments. (Rept. 345.)

(Minority views.) 449 S. 1540, Mr. Magnuson.. A bill to amend

the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 to provide for the regula- Aug. 28, 1963.-Mr. Monroney, Committee on Commerce, tion of rates and practices of air carriers and foreign air carriers in foreign without amendment. (Rept. 473.)

air transportation, and for other purposes. 451 S. 1033, Mr. Magnuson.. A bill to establish a uniform system of time standards and measurements Aug. 30, 1963.--Mr. Magnuson, Committee on Commerce,

for the United States and require

the observance of such time standards with amendments. (Rept. 475.)

for all purposes. 462 H.R. 82.

An act to amend the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, in order to provide for Sept. 11, 1963.-Mr. Bartlett, Committee on Commerce, the reimbursement of certain vessel construction expenses.

without amendment. (Rept. 486.)

(Minority views filed.). 483 s. Con. Res. 1, Mr. Olark Concurrent resolution to create a joint committee to study the organization Sept. 19, 1963.-Mr. Hayden, Committee on Rules and and others. and operation of the Congress and recommend improvements therein. Administration, with an amendment. (Rept. 504.)

(Individual and supplemental views filed.) 485 S. Res. 111, Mr. Church Resolution amending rule XXV of the standing rules relative to meetings Sept. 19, 1963.-Mr. Hayden, Committee on Rules and and others. of committees while the Senate is in session.

Administration, without amendment. (Rept. 506.)

(Individual views filed.) 486 S. Res. 89, Mr. Pastore Resolution providing for germaneness of debate under certain circum Sept. 19, 1963.-Mr. Hayden, Committee on Rules and and others. stances.

Administration, with amendments. (Rept. 507.)

(Individual views filed.) 602 S. 927, Mr. Magnuson.----- A bill to amend title 12 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, in order to re- Sept. 24, 1963.- Mr. Bartlett, Committee on Commerce,

move certain limitations with respect to war risk insurance issued under with an amendment. (Rept. 523.)
the provisions of such title.

(Individual views filed.) 546 S. 2100, Messrs. Magnuson A bill to continue certain authority of the Secretary of Commerce to sus- Oct. 17, 1963.-Mr. Magnuson, Committee on Commerce, and Jackson.

pend the provisions of sec. 27 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1920, with with amendments. (Rept. 568.)
respect to the transportation of lumber.

(Minority views filed.) 666 H.R. 7885...-

An act to amend further the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, Oct. 22, 1963.-Mr. Fulbright, Committee on Foreign Relaand for other purposes.

tions, with an amendment. (Rept. 588.) 570 S. 2265, Mr. Morse.. A bill to amend the Library Services Act in order to increase the amount Oct. 29, 1963.- Mr. Morse, Committee on Labor and Public

of assistance under such act and to extend such assistance to nonrural Welfare, without amendment. (Rept. 592.)
areas.

(Minority views filed.) 572 S. 1396, Mr. Fong.. A bill to consent to the institution of an original action in the Supreme Oct. 29, 1963.-Mr. Fong, Committee on the Judiciary,

Court for the adjudication of the claim of the State of Hawaii to certain without amendment. (Rept. 594.)

land and property situated within that State. 602 S. 689, Messrs. Long of A bill for the relief of Lila Everts Weber..

Nov. 1, 1963.--Mr. Long of Missouri, Committee on the Missouri and Syming

Judiciary, without amendment. (Rept. 624.) ton. 609 H.R. 7431.

An act making appropriations for the government of the District of Co-Nov. 6, 1963.--Mr. Byrd, of West Virginia. Committee on

umbia and other activities chargeable in whole or in part against the Appropriations, with amendments. (Rept. 632).
revenues of said District for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1964, and for
other purposes.

Calendar called Nov. 8, 1963. 614 | H.R. 6001.

An act to authorize the conveyance to the Waukegan Port District, Illi. Nov. 7, 1963.-Mr. Randolph, Committee on Public Works, nois of certain real property of the United States.

without amendment. (Rept. 637.) 615 S. 432, Mr. Ribicoff and A bill to accelerate, extend, and strengthen the Federal air pollution con- Nov. 7, 1963.- Mr. Muskie, Committee on Public Works, others. trol program.

with amendments. (Rept. 638.) 616 H.R. 6518..

An act to improve, strengthen, and accelerate programs for the prevention Nov. 7, 1963.-Mr. Muskie, Committee on Public Works, and abatement of air pollution.

without amendment. 617 S. 298, Mr. Sparkman and A bill to amend the Small Business Investment Act of 1958.

Nov. 8, 1963.-Mr. Sparkman, Committee on Banking others.

and Currency, with an amendment. (Rept. 639.) (Minority views.)

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