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should not be accepted by the Senate, The Mexican farm labor program is unemployment among both farm and other and that we should not surrender our opposed by church groups and many
workers in this country, has reenforced the
conviction that the importation program position to the House on the floor of civic groups. The opposition of the the Senate.
should not be again extended. church leaders now and in the past is
I am sending this to you for your inforI am sure that when the measure based on a deeply held conviction that
mation on a matter of public interest before comes up, some of the Senators who this is a moral as well as an economic the Congress at this time. We believe you advocated that stand will be among and social issue. I do not believe that will be interested to know of the principles those who will say, “Why not accept anyone has ever
anyone has ever suggested that the relating to this issue adopted by this body the House version?” They will not want church groups have any motivation ex of men and women from our churches and to give a majority of the Senate who cept the clear and honest one of protect
the accompanying brief statement of reasons
therefor. voted for the version passed by the Sen- ing the rights of underpriviliged citizens.
Sincerely yours, ate on August 15 the courtesy, even, of Representatives of many religious
CAMERON P. HALL. going to a conference.
groups have programs to assist migratory From the time the Mexican farm laborers. They see firsthand the sufferlabor bill was proposed in 1951, the farm ing and privation under which these citi
BISHOPS' COMMITTEE FOR labor program has been highly contro zens live and work. They are opposed to
MIGRANT WORKERS, versial, and it has become more so in extending this program of importing for
Chicago, Ill., July 30, 1963.
Hon. EUGENE J. MCCARTHY, recent years. The House itself has been eign workers to compete with these ne
U.S. Senate, Senate Office Building, Washalmost equally divided, not on the ques- glected citizens for jobs and wages.
ington, D.C. tion of whether of whether American American workers Church leaders may not always be ex
DEAR SENATOR: It has come to my attenshould be given protection, but on the perienced in economics, but they know tion that there is an effort being made to question of whether the program should human suffering and neglect when they have the Senate approve a 1-year extension be continued under any circumstances. see it. They know that something is of Public Law 78–Senate bill 1703, and that
Two weeks ago the House approved wrong with the system when over the this is being done without any hearings. I an extension by a vote of 173 to 158, but years as many as 400,000 foreign work
am shocked and surprised if this be the earlier in the session the House killed a ers have been brought annually to com
With the present rate of unemployment bill providing for a 2-year extension by pete with our own citizens who are al
growing constantly because of automation a vote of 174 to 158. ready at the bottom of the economic
and with the threatened railroad strike on I assume, if we are to play the numbers ladder.
our hands, it is difficult to understand the game, it will be argued that we should They know that something is wrong mind of the Senate asking for a 1-year exnot go to conference because the Senate when hundreds of thousands of citizens tension of Public Law 78, which has long approved a protective measure by a are forced to drift from place to place,
since outlived its utility and necessity, if it margin of 1 vote; therefore, we could hopefully looking for work but suffer
ever had such. just as well argue that the House had ing from extensive seasonal unemploy
Our committee is united with many other 2 separate votes, one in which 174 Mem- ment, earning low wages, being forced tions, etc., that have fully studied and
civic and religious groups, labor organizabers said there should be no extension to live in substandard housing, and their
fought against Public Law 78. of the program at all, and yet another children receiving only a scattering of We urge your cooperation in bringing jusvote, in which the House said, by 173 formal education.
tice to American workers by holding the votes, that there should be an extension, Mr. President, I ask unanimous con line against any further extension of this
So far as the single-vote difference is sent to have printed at this point in the law. concerned, if we jump a period of sev- RECORD a few of the letters I received
Sincerely, eral months in the House, it would ap- from church and other leaders when s.
Rev. RALPH J. DUGGAN. pear that the issue before the conference 1703 was scheduled for Senate action last committee would be whether one vote in summer. I also ask unanimous consent
NATIONAL CATHOLIC RURAL the Senate in favor of the program is to have printed in the RECORD an edito
LIFE CONFERENCE, worth more than one vote in the House rial entitled “Defeat for the Migrants,”
Washington, D.C., July 29, 1963. against the program. I assume the ratio published in the New York Times of No Hon. EUGENE J. MCCARTHY, should be at least 4 to 1; and therefore vember 3, 1963, and an editorial entitled U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C. on the basis of numbers alone the senior “Stoop Labor," published in the Wash
DEAR SENATOR MCCARTHY: It is my undermembers of the Committee on Agricul- ington Post of November 2, 1963, which standing that s. 1703, the bill to extend
the Mexican farm labor program for 1 year, ture and Forestry should at least be will- urged that the Senate bill be upheld.
is expected to come to the Senate floor very ing to go to conference in an attempt to There being no objection, the letters
soon, perhaps in the next day or two. arrive at a compromise, if they are not and the editorials were ordered to be Those of us who oppose the extension of willing to accept the language in the printed in the RECORD, as follows:
the bracero program are both astonished and Senate version.
NATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE
disappointed that legislation rejected by the Both the House and Senate versions
CHURCHES OF CHRIST
House should be rushed to the Senate floor provide for a 1-year extension, but the
IN THE U.S.A.,
without hearings. On a matter as controSenate bill takes a step toward protect
New York, N.Y., July 29, 1963.
versial as this it seems essential that all ining the rights of American citizens.
terested parties should have the opportunity
to have their views heard. provides that growers desiring to import
Particularly is this true of the many Mexican nationals must first make a
church bodies which have long and uncomlimited effort to recruit domestic workstatement of the general board of the Na
promisingly opposed the bracero program. ers. The Senate bill does not, of course, tional Council of Churches entitled, “Reso
To mention only Catholic organizations, the require growers to do anything; it only lution Regarding the Future of the Mexican following have repeatedly gone on record as states that if they want to secure Agricultural Worker Importation Program opposed to any extension of Public Law 78:
the National Catholic Rural Life Conferbraceros they must first offer terms re (Public Law 78, 82d Cong.)."
ence; the Social Action Department, NCWC; garding workmen's compensation, hous
This resolution, adopted in February 1960,
the Bishops' Committee for Migrant Working, transportation, and work period reflects the long experience of the National Council of Churches through its Ministry to
ers; the Bishops' Committee for the Spanish guarantees comparable to those they Migrants. This led us to the conviction that Speaking; the National Council of Catholic offer Mexican nationals. the Mexican farmworker importation pro
Men; the National Council of Catholic This is certainly a reasonable condigram, introduced as a wartime emergency
Women; and the National Federation of tion. It does not guarantee that Ameri measure and continued year after year long Catholic College Students. A list as long can workers will get all the benefits now after the emergency had ceased, should be and as weighty could be given of Protestant
and other church groups as well as innumergiven to Mexican nationals under the gradually eliminated during a specified
able other citizen organizations. program. It provides only limited pro
phaseout period. tection for domestic workers. Under the
Since that time the widespread introduc Surely the unanimous voice of virtually
tion of mechanization has resulted in an everyone except the handful of braceroSenate provisions, growers with
automatic phaseout process in which the using employers and their spokesmen should established need will still be able to get number of braceros brought into the coun be heard. Mexican nationals if domestic workers try has decreased each year. This fact, to I appeal, therefore, to you, Senator, to are unavailable.
gether with the widespread and increasing add your voice and vote to the effort to end
this program once and for all. With every This contract labor program was adopted Robert Ryan, Dore Schary, Rev. Roger good wish I remain, as an emergency measure in 1951, when man
L. Shinn, Rabbi Samuel D. Soskin, Very sincerely yours, power needs were crucial. But now the pro
Norman Thomas, Frederick S. Van Rev. JAMES L. VIZZARD, S.J., portion of all American farmers using
Dyke, Dr. Maurice T. van Hecke, Rev. Director of Washington Office. Mexican braceros has dropped to less than 1
James L. Vizzard, S.J., Rev. John A. percent. The number of braceros used in
Wagner, Dr. Galen R. Weaver, Rabbi MINNESOTA MIGRANT 1962 was 38 percent less than in 1961; Cali
Jacob J. Weinstein, and Walter P.
Reuther. COMMITTEE OF THE MINNESOTA
fornia accounted for 53 percent of the total
man-months of Mexican labor and Texas for COUNCIL OF CHURCHES,
26 percent. It has clearly become a program [From the Washington Post, Nov. 2, 19631 Minneapolis, Minn., July 29, 1963.
for the benefit of a few. Hon. EUGENE MCCARTHY,
The House of Representatives let itself be program through the years is that it has horn-swoggled by a farm lobby that wants to ington, D.C. MY DEAR SENATOR MCCARTHY: Working tended to become self-perpetuating, as large
maintain a supply of cheap peasant labor. with the approximately 9,000 migrant workgrowers have come to rely upon it for their
It passed a bill on Thursday providing for a labor needs. The existence of an inexhaustiers who came to Minnesota again this sum
1-year extension of Public Law 78, the soble pool of low-paid workers destroys the mer, and seeing how much of the time they competition which would encourage employ- May, in an exhibition of good morals, good
called Mexican farm labor program. Last must spend without work in our State, is
ers to make jobs attractive in terms of wages convincing evidence that there is much to be
economics, and good sense, the House deand working conditions. Artificial shortages desired for improvement in "their labor mar
feated a bill for a 2-year extension of the of farmworkers have occurred when growers, ket." In four areas of migrant concentra
program, bringing to an end at long last, tion in our State, workers have spent many knowing they could fall back on Mexican
it was hoped, an exploitation of Mexican baceros, have failed to offer a decent living days without work due, they say, to too many workers being available and recruited for the minor reforms passed by the 87th Congress wage to available domestic workers. Despite ment to American farmworkers.
stoop labor which served to deny employwork to be done.
In August, the Senate voted to extend It is alarming to me to hear that a new and Department of Labor efforts for better
Public Law 78 for 1 year—but with an measure, Senate Bill 1703, will be reported effects on domestic farmworkers continue. enforcement of existing regulations, adverse
amendment providing that Mexican workers to the floor very hastily in an attempt to
may not be recruited for hire on American
Moreover, increasing mechanization of extend Public Law 78 for 1 year. I feel this
farms until the Secretary of Labor finds that agriculture is regularly reducing the jobs is not in the interest of the citizens of our
reasonable efforts have been made to attract available to agricultural workers. In 1962 Nation who are migrants, nor is it in the
domestic workers for the available jobs at total employment of seasonal hired farm. interest of many producers across our land.
wages and hours and with workmen's comworkers declined for the third successive It, if passed, will help a small minority of
pensation, housing, transportation, and work year; so did the number of days worked by growers at the expense of justice to many.
period guarantees equal to those offered the individual farm laborers. I am writing this letter urging you to up
Farmworkers also found fewer sources of hold the progress made in the discontinuance
The House ignored this amendment. We nonfarm work last year. Lack of farm emof Public Law 78 some weeks ago.
hope the Senate will insist upon it. The ployment is forcing their migration to the Sincerely yours,
farm lobby doesn't like it, of course, because cities, where the need for unskilled workers GEORGE K. TJADEN,
it would raise the costs, while improving the State Director, Ministry to Migrants, justification for the importation of foreign continues to decline. Surely there is no
conditions, of farm labor. But without it, Minnesota Council of Churches.
the extension of the bracero workers at a time of rapidly declining oppor
amounts to little better than a perpetuation tunities in unskilled and semiskilled emNATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
of peonage. If the bill comes to him without ployment both on and off the farm. ON FARM LABOR, That domestic agricultural workers can
the Senate amendment, President Kennedy July 29, 1963. fill the need is shown in the areas where the
ought to veto it in simple justice to the DEAR SENATOR MCCARTHY: When the House, employment service and growers cooperate
tragically deprived American migrant farm
workers. on May 29, voted down efforts to extend Pub- through the annual worker plan. This prolic Law 78 for 2 years, they were responding vides the growers with a stable and efficient to the overwhelming evidence presented in supply of domestic workers without recourse
[From the New York Times, Nov. 3, 1963] opposition to any extension of the Mexican to foreign recruitment, and at the same time
DEFEAT FOR THE MIGRANTS farm labor program.
provides the workers with fuller employ Once again the corporate farm interests Enclosed for your attention is a copy of a ment, through planned routing to meet the
in California, Texas, and Arizona are on their letter signed by 44 prominent leaders in all growers' seasonal demands.
way to using Congress as an instrument for walks of life and sent to each Member of the We submit that any industry in the coun depressing the wages and working conditions House prior to this vote. The arguments try would have a labor shortage if it offered of America's most exploited workers—the stated in this letter still hold true. wages below the national minimum; seasonal
half million migratory farm laborers and Furthermore, there is no validity to the and irregular work without unemployment their families. argument that a "sudden” cutoff of braceros
compensatton; unhealthy working and living The House of Representatives 5 months would work undue hardship on their em conditions; and few of the benefits of social ago voted to kill the program under which ployers. With no further extension of Pub- legislation enjoyed by other workers. We hundreds of thousands of Mexicans are lic Law 78, this program has another 5 believe these conditions in American agri- brought in each year to supply cheap labor months to run. This is ample time in which culture are perpetuated by the existence of for the harvesting of U.S. crops. Now the to improve wages and working and living a foreign contract labor system based on sub House has been induced to reverse itself. It conditions, and to set up procedures to standard wages.
has voted a 1-year extension, devoid even recruit qualified domestic farmworkers.
Ending the inequities faced by American of the strings the Senate attached when it The action of the Senate Agriculture and farmworkers will end any artificial labor approved a similar extension in August. Forestry Committee in reporting out s. 1703, shortages which have been created. In the Under the Senate bill, benefits equal to a 1-year extension of Public Law 78, without name of both justice and commonsense the those guaranteed the Mexicans in such areas any public hearings was unconscionable. Mexican program should be allowed to expire. as housing, workmen's compensation, and This 1-year bill, regarded by some as a com
transportation would have to be offered to promise, is no compromise at all, but an Dr. Louis H. Bean, Joseph A. Beirne, domestic workers as well. The House disattempt by a comparative few large growers
James B. Carey, Patrick F. Crowleypensed with even this meager safeguard to extend a program for which there is no Helen Gahagan Douglas, Rev. Ralph J. when the program for importing braceros justification.
Duggan, John Anson Ford, Dr. L. H. came up for a second look. The chances Sincerely yours,
Foster, Prof. Walter Galenson, Rabbi seem strong that the Senate will now consent FAY BENNETT,
Roland B. Gittelsohn, Rev, Donald S. to the same unreserved extension of the old
Harrington, Henry B. Herman, Rt. Rev. law.
With national unemployment frozen at a NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
Hudgens, Joseph D. Keenan, Rabbi rate of more than 5 percent, the continued ON FARM LABOR,
Edward E. Klein, Dr. Harry W. Laidler, importation of foreign workers to aid a comMay 24, 1963.
Rabbi Eugene J. Lipman, Dr. Seymour parative handful of large corporate farmers (Copy of letter individually addressed to M. Lipset, Bishop John Wesley Lord, is unconscionable. The Senate ought to all Representatives.)
Dr. Isador Lubin, Archbishop Robert E. exercise the opportunity the House action Public Law 78, providing for the importa
Lucey, Rev. Alan McCoy, O.F.M., Rev. gives it to scrap the entire program. If it tion of Mexican farmworkers, will expire at
Dr. Robert J. McCracken, Dr. John A. sends it forward, the responsibility for a veto the end of 1963 if no action to extend it is
Mackay, Dr. Benjamin E. Mays, Dr. will be the President's. taken by Congress. We urge you to bring
Reinhold Niebuhr, Dr. Peter H. Odethis program to an end by voting against
gard, Bishop James A. Pike, Prof.
Mr. MCCARTHY. Mr. President, the H.R. 5497 or any similar bill introduced to Daniel H. Pollitt, Very Rev. Msgr. Wil Senate bill incorporates recommendaextend the program.
liam J. Quinn, A. Philip Randolph, tions made by the administration as the CIX -1384
condition under which the Department The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill “The Commission, from time to time and would support a 1-year extension. After will be stated by title.
in such amounts as it considers appropriate, the recent House action, I inquired about The LEGISLATIVE CLERK. A bill (S.
may transfer unused funds for administrathe administration's position and re- 1561) to amend the Federal Employees
tive expenses to the contingency reserves of
the plans then under contract with the Comceived from Secretary of Labor Wirtz a Health Benefits Act of 1959.
mission. When funds are so transferred, letter stating that the administration is The PRESIDING OFFICER. The each contingency reserve shall be credited in opposed to the 1-year extension, unless question is on agreeing to the motion of proportion to the total amount of the subamendments are included, recommended the Senator from Montana.
scription charges paid and accrued to the by the Department, to protect domestic
The motion was agreed to; and the
plan for the contract term immediately preworkers. These are the recommenda- Senate proceeded to consider the bill
, ceding the contract term in which the trans
. tions which were included in the Senate which had been reported from the Comversion. If our information is correct, mittee on Post Office and Civil Service On page 5, after line 2, to insert: the advocates of this program hope to with amendments on page 2, after line (13) Section 8 is amended by adding the have them dropped on the floor of the 2, to insert:
following subsection: Senate without so much as even taking
(4) Section 2(e) is repealed.
“(d) (1) Whenever the assets, liabilities them to conference.
and membership of employee organizations Mr. President, I ask unanimous con At the beginning of line 4, to strike sponsoring or underwriting plans approved
under section 4(3) have been or are heresent to have printed at this point in the out “(4)” and insert “(5)”; in line 5,
after merged, the assets (including continRECORD a letter to me from Secretary of after the word "after", to strike out
gency reserves) and liabilities of the plans Labor Wirtz under date of November 1, " “or” in line 6," and insert ““or”, the
sponsored or underwritten by the merged 1963.
last word in the paragraph, the follow organizations shall, at the beginning of the There being no objection, the letter ing:”; after line 9, to insert:
contract term next following the date of the was ordered to be printed in the REC (6) Section 3 is amended by adding the merger or enactment of this subsection, be ORD, as follows: following subsection:
transferred to the plan sponsored or under“(g) Any annuitant (including an indi written by the successor organization. Each U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, vidual receiving monthly compensation as a
employee or annuitant hereafter affected by OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY,
result of injury sustained prior to the effec a merger shall also be transferred to the Washington, D.C., November 1, 1963.
tive date specified in section 16 and who plan sponsored or underwritten by the sucHon. EUGENE MCCARTHY,
would be an annuitant if the injury or ill cessor organization unless he enrolls in anU.S. Senate,
ness had been sustained or contracted on other plan under this Act. Washington, D.C.
or after that date) who at the time he be "(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1) DEAR SENATOR MCCARTHY: This is in recame an annuitant shall have been enrolled
of this subsection, whenever a plan described sponse to your inquiry requesting a statein a health benefits plan under this Act and
under section 4(3) or 4(4) is or has been ment describing the administration's posi- who at the time he became an annuitant
discontinued under this Act, the contingency tion on the extension of Public Law 78.
was ineligible to continue his enrollment reserve of that plan shall be credited to The administration has continued to main
may, upon his application before July 1, the contingency reserves of the plans contain the position I indicated before the 1964, and under such other conditions of eli tinuing under this Act for the contract term House Subcommittee on Equipment, Sup- gibility as the Commission may by regula- following that in which termination occurs, plies, and Manpower of the Committee on tion prescribe, prospectively enroll in an
each reserve to be credited in proportion to Agriculture on March 27. We support a 1. approved health benefits plan described in
the amount of the subscription charges paid year extension, provided the act is amended section 4 either as an individual or for self
and accrued to the plan for the year of to require employers seeking to obtain Mexi and family.”
termination." can workers to demonstrate that they have offered to domestic workers workmen's com
On page 3, at the beginning of line On page 6, at the beginning of line 1, pensation or occupational insurance cover 1, to strike out “(5)” and insert “(7)”; to strike out “(10)” and insert "(14)”; age, housing, and transportation expenses in line 4, after the word "contract”, to at the beginning of line 2, to strike out equivalent to that furnished Mexican work- strike out “term,” and insert "term"; at
“"Any” and insert" "(c) Any”; in line 7, ers.
the beginning of line 9, to strike out after the word “though”, to strike out We are opposed to an extension without “(6)” and insert “(8)”; at the beginning “such” and insert "his”, and after line 9, these amendments.
of line 12, to strike out “(7)” and insert to insert a new section, as follows: Yours sincerely,
“(9)"; after line 13, to insert: W. WILLARD WIRTZ,
SEC. 2. Paragraphs 4, 10, and 11 of section Secretary of Labor. (10) Section 7(a) (1) is amended by in 1 shall take effect on the first day of the
serting the word "and" at the end of clause first period which begins at least ninety days Mr. MCCARTHY. I intend to oppose (A) and by striking out the following: after the date of enactment of this Act. the motion, if it is made, that the Senate “(other than as provided in clause (C) of
So as to make the bill read: accept the House version, and to move this paragraph), and (C) not less than $1.75 to take this matter to conference. It is
or more than $2.50 biweekly for a female Be it enacted by the Senate and House
employee or annuitant enrolled for self and of Representatives of the United States of my hope that if a motion to go to con
America in Congress assembled, That the ference is rejected, a majority of the family including a nondependent husband".
Federal Employees Health Benefits Act of Senate will stand by the position which At the beginning of line 20, to strike
1959 (5 U.S.C. 3001-3014) is hereby amended they took last August and refuse even
out “(8)” and insert "(11)”; on page 4, as follows: to extend this program for another year. line 3, after the word "subscription", to (1) Section 2(c)(3) is amended by strikWhat we have asked for in the way of strike out "charge, except that if a non ing the words “as a result of injury sustained protection for American migratory work- dependent husband is a member of the or illness contracted on or after such date of
enactment”. ers is well within the limits of reason. family of a female employee or annui
(2) Section 2(c) (4) is amended by striking It is hard for me to understand why tant who is enrolled for herself and
the words “on account of injury sustained or those who are supporting the program family the contribution of the Govern
illness contracted on or after such date of seem unwilling to provide that Ameri- ment shall be 30 per centum of such
enactment”. can migrant workers be given at least subscription"; after line 7, to strike out:
(3) Section 2(d) is amended by inserting, a minimum of consideration, of decency, (9) Section (8b) is amended by the addi after "stepchild”, “, foster child,”.
(4) Section 2(e) is repealed. and of reason before they seek to have tion of the following: Mexican nationals compete in this area
"Whenever a contract with a plan approved
(5) Section 3(b) (1) is amended by insertin which competition is most intense and under section 4(3) or 404) is terminated,
ing, after “or”, the last word in the parathe contingency reserve credited to that graph, the following: “(C) the full period or in which the standards of living, working conditions, and wages are the worst plan shall be credited to the contingency periods of service beginning with the enrollreserves of the plans continuing under this
ment which became effective not later than of any segment of the American econAct for the contract term following that in
December 31, 1963, and ending with the date omy. which termination occurs, each reserve to be
on which he becomes an annuitant, or”. credited in proportion to the amount of the
(6) Section 3 is amended by adding the premiums paid and accrued to the plan for following subsection: FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH the year of termination.”
“(g) Any annuitant (including an indiBENEFITS ACT OF 1959
vidual receiving monthly compensation as a And, in lieu thereof, to insert:
result of injury sustained prior to the effecMr. HUMPHREY. Mr. President, I
(12) Section 8(b) is amended by insert tive date specified in section 16 and who move that the Senate proceed to the ing after the first sentence thereof, the fol would be an annuitant if the injury or illness consideration of Calendar 621, S. 1561. lowing new sentences:
had been sustained or contracted on or after
that date) who at the time he became an (14) Section 10(c) is amended to read as Mr. President, I ask unanimous conannuitant shall have been enrolled in a follows:
sent to insert in the RECORD a brief analhealth benefits plan under this Act and who "(c) Any employee enrolled in a plan un
ysis which I have prepared on this bill. at the time he became an annuitant was der this Act who is removed or suspended
There being no objection, the analysis ineligible to continue his enrollment may, without pay and later reinstated or restored upon his application before July 1, 1964, and to duty on the ground that such removal or
was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, under such other conditions of eligibility as suspension was unjustified or unwarranted
as follows: the Commission may by regulation prescribe, may, at his option, enroll as a new employee
ANALYSIS OF S. 1561 prospectively enroll in an approved health or have his coverage restored to the same A bill to amend the Federal Employees benefits plan described in section 4 either as extent and effect as though his removal or Health Benefits Act of 1959 to simplify adan individual or for self and family." suspension had not taken place with appro
ministration of the act and correct certain (7) Section 6(d) is amended by the addi- priate adjustments made in contributions inequities in the program. tion of a sentence reading as follows: and claims."
STATEMENT “The Commission may terminate the con SEC. 2. Paragraphs 4, 10, and 11 of section tract of any carrier effective at the end of a 1 shall take effect on the first day of the
Paragraphs 1 and 2 would permit enrolled contract term if the Commission finds that first period which begins at least ninety employees to continue their insurance while at no time during the preceding two con days after the date of enactment of this receiving employee's compensation even tract terms did the carrier have three hun. Act.
though the original injury necessitating comdred or more employees and annuitants (ex
pensation occurred prior to the effective date
Mr. HUMPHREY. Mr. President, does clusive of family members) enrolled for its
of the act. the chairman of the committee wish to plan.”
Paragraph 3 would include foster children (8) Section 6(f) is amended by placing a make an explanation of the bill?
under family enrollment if they are living in period after the word "contract” in the last Mr. JOHNSTON. Mr. President, the a regular parent-child relationship. Pressentence and striking the remainder of the pending bill was reported to the full com ently, a foster child (an unadopted niece, sentence.
mittee after hearings before the Sub grandchild, or minor brother or sister, et (9) Section 6(g) is amended by striking" committee on Health Benefits and Life
cetera) is not eligible for coverage. at the option of the employee or annuitant,". Insurance conducted by the distin
*Paragraphs 4, 10, and part of paragraph 11 (10) Section 7(a) (1) is amended by in- guished Senator from West Virginia [Mr.
would eliminate the discrimination against serting the word "and" at the end of clause
married women in respect to the contribution RANDOLPH). At this time I wish to pay (A) and by striking out the following:
made by the Government toward their in"(other than as provided in clause (C) of
tribute to him for his leadership in the surance premium. Under this provision, the this paragraph), and (C) not less than $1.75 consideration of this legislation. The Government would contribute the same or more than $2.50 biweekly for a female em
bill comes to the Senate by the unani amount as it contributes to married male ployee or annuitant enrolled for self and mous vote of the full committee. The
employees for self-and-family coverage. family including a nondependent husband”. bill amends certain features of the pres
*Paragraphs 5 and 6 would allow previously (11) Section 7(a) (2) is amended to read
retired employees who did not have an opporent act in order to improve the adminisas follows:
tunity to carry their health insurance into tration of such act, and incorporates new retirement (because of restrictive provisions “(2) For an employee or annuitant en
features which the committee felt were rolled in a plan described under section 4
in the 1959 act) to do so. This would operate desirable. The cost will be approxi(3) or (4) for which the biweekly subscrip
retroactively only to those employees who tion charge is less than twice the Govern- mately $3 million.
had health insurance coverage at the time ment contribution established under para
One of the committee amendments of their retirement, but had not been engraph (1) of this subsection, the Govern eliminates the disparity between the
rolled for 5 years, or had not enrolled at ment contribution shall be 50 per centum of amount the Government contributes to
their first opportunity. the subscription charge."
Paragraph 7 would authorize the Commishealth insurance premiums for married (12) Section 8(b) is amended by inserting female employees and other employees, tracts of carriers having fewer than 300
sion to terminate the health insurance conafter the first sentence thereof, the follow- which is only proper. The bill also in
The bill also in- Federal employee members when such caning new sentences:
cludes foster children under family en"The Commission, from time to time and rollment if they are living in a regular
cellation is considered in the best interests in such amounts as it considers appropriate,
of the program, and when another health inmay transfer unused funds for administra
surance plan of a similar kind is available parent-child relationship. tive expenses to the contingency reserves of
There should be no strong opposition for those employees who belong to the plan
affected. the plans then under contract with the Com to the bill. The bill was introduced by mission. When funds are so transferred, me, and a number of corrections of the ment that the Commission review and ap
Paragraph 8 would eliminate the requireeach contingency reserve shall be credited present law were proposed by the dis
prove conversion contracts. The Commisin proportion to the total amount of the tinguished Senator from Kansas [Mr. sion has found this requirement administrasubscription charges paid and accrued to the CARLSON).
tively difficult and unnecessary. plan for the contract term immediately pre
Mr. CARLSON. ceding the contract term in which the trans
Mr. President, will Paragraph 9 eliminates the requirement fer is made.” the Senator yield?
that a conversion plan offer a cancellable
contract. No cancellable contract has ever (13) Section 8 is amended by adding the
Mr. JOHNSTON. I yield.
Mr. CARLSON. The Federal Emfollowing subsection:
been requested by an employee.
Paragraph 10 has been discussed with par"(d)(1) Whenever the assets, liabilities ployees Health Benefits Act of 1959 has
agraph 4. and membership of employee organizations been one of the most beneficial acts
Paragraph 11 would prevent the Governsponsoring or underwriting plans approved passed by Congress for the benefit of ment's contribution to health insurance from under section 4(3) have been or are here- Federal workers. The operation of the inadvertently exceeding 50 percent of preafter merged, the assets (including contin
program has demonstrated that a few mium costs. This would have no effect upon gency reserves) and liabilities of the plans changes would be in the interest of Fed
a subsequent determination by Congress that sponsored or underwritten by the merged eral employees, and that is the purpose of the Government's contribution should þe
increased. contract term next following the date of the the bill. The bill contains several merger or enactment of this subsection, be
Paragraph 12 would permit the Commisamendments affecting various phases of
sion to transfer excess funds set aside for an transferred to the plan sponsored or under the statute. All of them are helpful.
administrative reserve fund to the continwritten by the successor organization. Each Not only do I approve the bill; I en gency reserve funds of the individual plans. employee or annuitant hereafter affected
dorse it thoroughly, and hope the Senate The Commission has found that the i perby a merger shall also be transferred to the will pass it unanimously.
cent of employee contributions required to plan sponsored or underwritten by the suc
Mr. HUMPHREY. Mr. President, I be set aside for administrative reserve is cessor organization unless he enrolls in an
excessive. other plan under this Act. ask unanimous consent that the commit
*Paragraph 13 would permit the reserve “(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1) tee amendments be agreed to en bloc.
funds of one plan to be transferred to a sucof this subsection, whenever a plan described
The PRESIDING OFFICER. With
cessor plan when employee organizations under section 4(3) or 4(4) is or has been out objection, it is so ordered.
merge. A case in point is the mergers which discontinued under this Act, the contin Mr. JOHNSTON. Mr. President, this led to the organization of the United Fedgency reserve of that plan shall be credited program is one of the most far reaching eration of Postal Clerks. Its predecessors to the contingency reserves of the plans con
and beneficial in the history of the Fed- had insurance plans, one of which had actinuing under this Act for the contract term following that in which termination occurs, eral service. It is now serving 2 million
cumulated assets of approximately $186,000.
Under prevailing law, this money cannot be each reserve to be credited in proportion to employees plus 4 million family mem
transferred to the new plan and used for the amount of the subscription charges paid bers. I have heard very little criticism
the benefit of its members, many of whom and accrued to the plan for the year of of the entire program since it became termination.” effective.
belonged to the predecessor organization. of aid to dependent children who happen to titled “The Social Christians," written The Commission favors this solution to the have unemployed parents.
by Rowland Evans and Robert Novak, problem.
When the Social Security Act was passed in
and published in the Washington Post Paragraph 13 would also provide for the 1935, it reflected that stage in our national orderly disposition of the contingency re development when we as a nation went on
of October 23, 1963. The article relates serve of a discontinued plan, by stipulating record as believing that income maintenance to the activity of the Christian Demothat it shall be credited proportionately to was a national problem and responsibility. cratic Party in Venezuela. the contingency reserves of other plans con This action indicated once and for all that There being no objection, the article tinuing in the program.
the individual, the city and State could no was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, Paragraph 14 would allow an employee longer be expected to solve the problems of as follows: who has been restored to his position after income maintenance singlehandedly.
THE SOCIAL CHRISTIANS wrongful removal to elect whether to pay for The 1962 amendments to the Social Sehealth insurance for the period during which curity Act set forth the sound objectives of (By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak) he was removed, or to choose not to buy strengthening of family life, prevention of CARACAS, VENEZUELA.—The future of Veneretroactive coverage. Under present law, social and family breakdown and rehabilita zuela may depend not so much on the army such an employee is required to buy retro tion in those cases where breakdown had oc and police flushing out Communist terroractive coverage, even though he may have curred. Such objectives are not only in keep ists as on a little publicized crusade by liberal had no medical expenses during the period. ing with the humane principles of a dem Catholics to wean the nation's youth away
Section 2 would allow Government payroll ocratic society but represent enlightened eco from communism. officers adequate time to prepare for the nomic philosophy.
Copei, Venezuela's Social Christian Party changes made by eliminating the contribu The national economy will thrive as more and junior partner in President Romulo tion discrimination against married female children have access to educational and voca Betancourt's coalition government, is chalemployees.
tional opportunities to fit them for produc- lenging Communist domination of the counCOST
tive citizenship in the Nation. On the other try's students, and with considerable sucThe estimated cost of equalizing coverage hand, the economy is not only currently bur cess. The Social Christians have won control as between men and women is $3 million dened by high cost of institutional support of the state universities at Maracaibo and per annum. The other amendments, the for these unfortunate children, but stores up Valencia and are running a close second to Commission estimates, will result in minor for itself future economic burdens of care Communists at Caracas Central University, reductions in administrative expenses. for those unequipped for self-care.
the staging center for the anti-Nixon riots The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill edge of the consequences of poverty and deAs social workers, we have firsthand knowl in 1958.
Nor is the clash between communism and is open to further amendment. If there privation and are shocked and dismayed that liberal Catholicism limited to Venezuela. be no amendment to be proposed, the the unemployed and underprivileged in the Throughout Latin America, Social Christians question is on the engrossment and third District of Columbia are denied access to comprise the one anti-Communist force that reading of the bill.
the very programs available to those in like talks the heady, idealistic language of youth. The bill was ordered to be engrossed circumstances in more farsighted areas.
The college student, who has exerted disfor a third reading, was read the third
We note that the excuse offered by the proportionate influence in Latin politics for
chairman of the District Subcommittee of time, and passed.
a long time, is now the focal point of the the Senate Appropriations Committee is that hemisphere's subversive movements. Mosthe District unemployment rate is too low
cow and Havana have failed to subvert labor, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA APPROPRI to justify such a program here. Facts do
peasants, or even slum dwellers. They rely ATIONS, 1964
not support this. Of the 15 States (as of on the student.
This reliance has become absolute in VeneMr. HUMPHREY. Mr. President, I ployed parents, 7 have rates equal to or
zuela, where one of every four college stumove that the Senate proceed to the less than that of the District of Colum
dents is pro-Communist. Furthermore, consideration of Calendar No. 609, H.R. bia which has an estimated rate of 5 to 6
these young men and women form the core 7431, the District of Columbia Appro- percent in its city area, as distinct from the
of terrorist units and often spend their metropolitan area. priations bill.
Even greater disparities vacations fighting as guerrillas in the hills.
would be evident if data were compiled on The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill
These youthful bomb throwers include the a census tract basis. will be stated by title.
very Venezuelans who ought to be the coun
The children in the city precincts get try's future leaders. The LEGISLATIVE CLERK. A bill (H.R. just as hungry as those in the outlying
The son of one anti-Communist state gov7431) making appropriations for the precincts. precincts. Their parents are just as ambi
ernor is a Communist guerrilla in the Falcon government of the District of Columbia tious for them as the parents in the more
Mountains. The daughter of one of Presiand other activities chargeable in whole privileged areas are for their children. If
dent Betancourt's personal associates is a or in part against the revenues of said this program of Aid to Families of Depend
Communist terrorist in Caracas. The list District for the fiscal year ending June ent Children who are unlucky enough to
goes on and on. have able-bodied but unemployed parents 30, 1964, and for other purposes.
Special factors encourage the gravitation is defeated, this defeat denies the validity The PRESIDING OFFICER. The not only of the basic national concern for
of Venezuelan youth toward communism. question is on agreeing to the motion of family maintenance but also the national
The 1952–58 dictatorship of Gen. Marcos
Perez Jimenez concentrated on persecuting the Senator from Minnesota. concern about serious problems stemming in
its democratic opposition—but let CommuThe motion was agreed to; and the large measure from poverty. Poor school at
nists run wild. As a result, they thoroughly Senate proceeded to consider the bill, tendance, juvenile delinquency, and child
infiltrated the faculties of universities and which had been reported from the Com health are among these problems for the
normal schools. The madcap provisional mittee on Appropriations with amendtreatment of which, important Federal pro
government that followed Perez Jimenez's grams have been inaugurated. ments.
fall compounded the damage by granting
We urge that the entire membership of Mr. HUMPHREY. Mr. President, the
Central University an autonomy that makes the Senate Appropriations Committee take District of Columbia appropriations bill
it a sanctuary for subversives. a new look at the proposal to extend aid to
Even without this assistance, however, the will be the pending business when the unemployed parents which was outlined by Communists would be doing well enough Senate reconvenes on Monday next. the Director of the Department of Public with young Venezuelans. Latin America's
With relation to the appropriations Welfare in the recent hearings. We remind middle-class young intellectuals are torbill for the Government of the District them that the children of these families will
mented by the poverty and social injustice of Columbia, I ask unanimous consent to grow up to pay taxes, perhaps to give mili
they see everywhere. They want an easy an
swer. The Communists give it to them. have printed at this point in the RECORD tary service, and even, please God, to vote.
INABEL B. LINDSAY, a letter to the editor of the Washington
Certainly, these students derive little in
Dean, School of Social Work, Howard Post, signed by Inabel B. Lindsay, dean of
spiration from Betancourt's Accion DemoUniversity.
cratica (AD) Party. AD's magnificent pothe School of Social Work, Howard Uni WASHINGTON.
litical machine probably will push a lackversity. The letter was also signed by (This letter was also signed by 25 mem luster candidate to victory in the December 25 members of the faculty of the school bers of the faculty of the School of Social 1 election to succeed Betancourt (who is of social work. The letter is entitled Work.)
barred by the constitution from another "Dependent Children.”
term). But AD would run poorly in a poll There being no objection, the letter
THE SOCIAL CHRISTIANS OF was ordered to be printed in the RECORD,
Founded a generation ago as a revolutionas follows:
ary Marxist party, AD has dropped most of its
socialist trappings. When it expelled its DEPENDENT CHILDREN Mr. HUMPHREY. Mr. President, I
pro-Communists in 1960, most of AD's youth We as professional social workers feel com ask unanimous consent to have printed went with them. It is today an unexciting, pelled to express our concern at the denial at this point in the RECORD an article en mildly liberal party of older men, who prefer