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bottomed river boats, breaking up the log-jams, or running the rapids. Cheery, devil-may-care fellows, who sing or shout as they work in their quaint French dialect-their presence


always adds interest to the scene.

By taking the train from Ottawa to Pembroke and thence up the river by steamboat, the tourist will be made acquainted with what is perhaps the most attractive section of the whole river, and cannot fail to be well repaid. Should he desire to continue further, the river may be followed northward to Lake Temiskaming, a distance of some 230 miles above Ottawa, sometimes by boat but often by rail close to the river bank or on its very margin. If he has the explorer's instinct and wishes to see the forest as it looked when only the red man held sway, he should take a canoe, an Indian guide and camping outfit from Lake Temiskaming, and follow one of the rivers that are tributary to the Ottawa till he reaches Lake Temagiming. There he will find himself in a land where neither the settler nor the lumberman has penetrated. Its woods are the home of the moose, the deer and the bear, and its waters still sacred to the trout and the bass.

Returning from the city of Ottawa, there is no plesanter trip than through the Rideau chain of lakes to Kingston on Lake Ontario. These lakes are favorite resorts for fishermen, and for canoeing and camping parties.

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The attractions of Northern Ontario are unequalled for those who desire to spend the summer months on the lakes or in the woods, under canvas by the camp fire, or in summer cottage or hotel. For the weary, over-worked toiler of the city, the healing sunshine and fresh air of this region will work wonders. Here is Ontario's fairylanda land of thousands of lakes and streams and myriads of islands-beautiful at the earliest touch of spring, when the waters are still cold with the icy coldness of winter, and the strong, graceful trout makes mighty leaps in the fierce rapid; beautiful in the soft, warm summer days, when one succumbs to the sweetness of doing nothing; but most beautiful in the quiet, sad days of autumn, when the leaves drop relucttantly from the trees, and no sound mars the stillness of lake and hill but the crash of the deer as he breaks through the undergrowth. The song of the wind in the trees, the odour of the pines, the lap, lap of the wave on the rocky shore, the rhythmic beat of the paddle, are as the voice of the siren, and compel one irresistibly to return to Ontario's Northland with each succeeding summer.

The best known and most frequented resort of the North is the Muskoka Lake region, which lies about one hundred miles directly north of Toronto. This beautiful district has an altitude or several hundred feet above the level of the Great Lakes, and its climate is therefore particularly invigorating. Lakes Muskoka and Joseph, the largest in the vicinity, are filled with islands and indented with bays and promontories. Summer cottages, camps, and hotels are very numerous, and the fine scenery, pleasant society, excellent boating, bathing, and fishing, make it an ideal spot for those who desire the benefits of an unconventional outdoor life during the hot months of summer.

Another much frequented resort, very similar to Muskoka in its characteristics, is to be found at Stony Lake, a little north of Peterborough. It forms one of a series of lakes seventy miles in length, known as the Kawartha Lake region. These waters are celebrated for their fishing, and form an excellent route for a canoe trip.

One of the most beautiful trips by boat that Northern Ontario can offer to the tourist is through the islands of the Georgian Bay. In general char

acter they resemble those of the St. Lawrence River and the Muskoka Lakes, but instead of one thousand islands there are thirty thousand.

The Upper Lakes are well furnished with steamboat lines and the tourist may embark either at Owen Sound or at Windsor. The route lies through Lake Huron, past Great Manitoulin and other islands to St. Mary's river, by which the overflow from Lake Superior is conducted into the Lower Lakes. At the rapids, which occur at this point,

resorts. Running the Ste. Marie rapids. in an Indian canoe is an exciting adventure, indulged in by visitors.

named Sault Ste. Marie by the French voyageurs almost three centuries ago, magnificent locks have been constructed on both the Canadian and American sides, by means of which steamers are lifted to the level of Lake Superior. The towns of Sault Ste. Marie, on both sides of the river, have grown up at this point, where three great railways now converge, and they are rapidly becoming important commercial centres and popular summer

Leaving Sault Ste. Marie for Fort William, the steamships take their course directly across the widest part of Lake Superior-which is far more like the sea than a fresh water lakeand in less than twenty hours come within sight of the rocky bluff of Isle Royale and the tremendous purple promontory of Thunder Cape-" The Giant Asleep." This turreted head



land shelters the large indentation of Thunder Bay and affords a grand harbour which has been taken advantage of to form the principal ports upon the north shore of the lake-Port Arthur and Fort William. Here the tourist will find good hotel accommodation, and if he cares to stop over, he can go by rail to Nepigon river, 65 miles east, to which celebrated resort for trout fishermen this lake tour forms an excel-lent means of access.




'N the making of a library there are three necessary factors: a collection of books, a librarian, and it is convenient to have a building. The value and permanence of the institution will depend, in large measure, upon the quality of the librarian. No one who frequents a library, either for the borrowing or the consulting of books, doubts this. It is unnecessary, if it were allowable, to enter into a dissertation upon libraries. Canadians are familiar with the subject from personal experience. We have many of these institutions in the land, and statistics indicate that they are well patronized.

Of free public libraries in Canada the most valuable and extensive is that at Toronto, and its chief librarian, Mr. James Bain, Jr., after seventeen years of incessant and unselfish labour in his present position, possesses a career and a personality that amply entitle him to a place in any list of Canadian notabilities. Mr. Bain (I learn from "Morgan ") was born in London, England, in 1842, of Scotch parents. He came to Canada early in life, and was educated in Toronto. If in those days the idea of a free library, with Mr. Bain as its future librarian, had occurred to any one, he would have been put in the way of receiving exactly the kind of training that fell to his lot. After being educated in the best schools of the city, he began a practical knowledge of books under his father, an experienced bookseller. Later on he entered the publishing and book firm of Jas. Campbell & Son, and was sent to England as buyer for the house. He conducted a branch establishment for this firm in London for several years, and in 1878 entered into partnership with Nimmo, the London publisher, the firm being Nimmo & Bain. It was on the dissolution of this firm in 1882 that Mr. Bain returned to Canada, and in the follow

ing year, on the foundation of the Toronto Public Library, he was appointed its first librarian. I have been particular in mentioning these details, because a mere recital of the facts defines so well the nature of the training he has received in the buying, selling and publishing of books. In short, Mr. Bain is a typical bookman. He has passed practically his whole life among books, and being an omnivorous and industrious reader his knowledge is wide, accurate and thorough. As the adviser and chief official of the board of citizens who are entrusted by the taxpayers with the executive control of the library, Mr. Bain's services to the public must have been of great value. The population of Toronto is partly industrial, partly commercial, and partly a community of university men and scholars. It consists mainly of an intelligent well-to-do class, with a standard of education above the average. As the library is the constant resort of university students, literary men, scientific inquirers, and others with serious work on hand-who are on a higher plane than the thousands who, like myself, read for amusement-it is evident that the books have been well chosen, and that the library is abreast of modern requirements. It contains over 120,000 volumes. The time, the knowledge, and the energy of the librarian are at the disposal of all sorts and conditions of men who are earnestly investigating any branch of study, and I have heard many a grateful tribute to his services in this respect.

Mr. Bain is a singularly modest man -singularly because it has become so firmly established a proposition in these days that the world takes you at your own valuation, that genuine restraint in the delicate art of self-puffery is not a common quality. The probability is that if you asked Mr. Bain who was

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chiefly responsible for the success of the library, he would mention Mr. Hallam, or some of the other public-spirited members of the board, who have judiciously helped the institution to gain its present position. Of his own share in the work you would hear absolutely nothing. In no respect has the library been more wisely conducted than in the wealth of Canadian material which has been gathered together. It contains, I believe, the most valuable collection of Canadian books to be found on this continent, and there are, besides, some manuscripts of historical worth and importance. Mr. Bain has, it is clear, a thorough acquaintance with Canadian history and bibliography, and is a close and careful student of these subjects. He is, in spite of his ancestry and residence for years abroad, a Canadian to the core, and his attachment to this country is not the least among his qualifications as a librarian. He keeps, it is said,

a watchful eye ever open for opportunities to add to the treasures of the library. An anecdote is related to show how, on one occasion, he distanced several competitors, including the Government of Ontario. When the D. W. Smith manuscripts were offered for sale in London some years ago several bids were put in. The Ontario Government was among the bidders. A member of the Ministry happened to be in London at the time, and sallied forth to get the prize. But he and other eager seekers were met with: "You are too late. The mss. are now the property of the Toronto Library. Mr. Bain ordered them by cable."

Dealing with Mr. Bain in his official capacity I have spoken in moderate terms-doing, perhaps, less than justice to those sterling qualities as a public servant which have gained for him so distinctive a place in the community

in order that a word might be said about the man himself. His energy

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