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Pierce and possess the sky, guarding the halls
Where our young strength is welded strenuously;
While in the East, the star of morning covers The land with a large tremulous light, that falls
A pledge and presage of our destiny.
Ottawa is the focus point of our national life, the centre of political movement and social activity, and the
abiding place of the Vice-Regal Representatives who are to Canada what the Queen is to Great Britain and Ireland.
The Parliament Buildings stand on a hill close to the centre of the town and overlooking the Ottawa River. They have been highly praised for their "purity of air and manliness of conception." Anthony Trollope said of them, "I know no modern Gothic purer of its kind, or less sullied with fictitious ornamentation." Charles Dudley Warner wrote: "The Parliament House and the Departmental Buildings on three sides of a square are exceedingly effective in colour and the perfection of Gothic details, especially in the noble towThere are few groups of buildings anywhere so pleasing to the eye or that appeal more strongly to one's sense of dignity and beauty."
The late Sir James Edgar, Speaker of the
House of Commons, wrote thus of the view from Parliament Hill:
Standing on the terrace behind the Parliament Buildings, and looking to the north across the river, the view is bounded only by the wooded Chelsea hills, a branch of the Great Laurentian range, which uplifts its shaggy heights for hundreds of miles away down to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. A gap is distinctly visible among the hills, where the River Gatineau flings its wild torrent, in its southerly course, to join the Ottawa. Raging rapids and fierce falls roar and echo among those trees and rocks. Placid lakes lie embosomed in the hills and pour their overflow of crystal waters through wooded glens and down foaming cataracts to reach peace again in the valleys far below."
A mile east of the Hill are the curtain-like Rideau Falls, and a mile west are the more majestic Chaudiere Falls. The former are formed by the waters of the Rideau River as they drop into
Nature has clad the country about Ottawa with other wondrous beauties, and drives into the country may be pleasantly mingled with a visit to Rideau Hall, a canoe excursion down the River from Rockcliffe, a game of golf, cricket or lawn tennis, or even a steamer trip to Montreal,
the Ottawa; the latter are the more voluminous waters of the Ottawa bursting through a narrow chasm, and falling over a sheer rocky cliff, to boil and rage and flow away again in their long journey to the St. Lawrence.
ON THE RIDEAU LAKES.
If one crosses the river into Quebec, the manufacturing city of Hull, with its saw-mills and paper factories, is reached. From here it is some nine miles by electric railway to Aylmer, a picturesque French-Canadian village on the shores of Lake Deschenes. The lake, which is thirty miles in length and nine in width, is really an enlargement of the Ottawa, and an ideal place for boating and yachting. A summer hotel, of considerable proportions, affords accommodation for visitors. A few miles away, in the Laurentian hills, there are numerous streams and lakes where bass and trout are plentiful. Club-houses and boats are numerous throughout this lake region.
Farther up the Ottawa, where there are only scattered settlements and the huts of the lumbermen, there is fishing and hunting in abundance. There is now railway connection as far north as Lake Temiskaming, which lies in the midst of that great unsettled portion of Ontario and Quebec.
To the south, Ottawa is connected with Kingston by the Rideau River and Canal, and along this water-route lie the famed Rideau Lakes. Here there is good fishing and plenty of beautiful scenery. A trip by steamer or canoe from Ottawa to Kingston is not nearly so popular a trip as it deserves to be.
To the west of Canada's capital is Ontario's forest and game preserve, known as Algonquin Park. This is reached by the Canada At
lantic and Parry Sound Railway. Through these virgin forests there rapid rivers and beautiful lakes, affording an everchanging panorama of natural beauty. Just beyond the Park lies the Parry Sound district, famed for its lakes, its fishing and its summer cottages.
Ottawa itself, aside from its being the centre of a charming lake and river region, is decidedly interesting. This is especially true while the Canadian Parliament is in session, for at that time the city is full of visitors, and general festivities make the life more active. The sessions of the House and of the Senate are always attractive to those who wish to see political celebrities at work. From the visitor's gallery in the House of Commons one looks down upon the Speaker, gowned and rosetted, upholding the dignity of " The Greatest Commoner." In front of him is the Clerk, seated at the head of the table which bears the mace of authority. On the Speaker's right are the members of the Government, and on his left the Opposition. The debate may be listless or active, but in either case a study may be made of the men who control the destinies of Canada. In no other Canadian city may one behold such men and such scenes, and hence Ottawa is the Mecca of all who wish to see political life from the point of view of the student, the citizen or the philosopher.
HOTEL VICTORIA, AYLMER.
AMID CLIFFS AND SAND DUNES.
By Beatrice Rosamund.
seven Canadian provinces is Prince Edward Island. It lies in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, a few miles from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, and sepa
rated from them by the Strait of Northumberland. It is crescent-shaped, and is 130 miles long and from two to thirty-four miles wide. Its earliest name was the Island of St. John. When Wolfe won his great battle on the plains of Abraham it passed from the French to the British, but it was again French from 1713 to 1758 when the earliest permanent settlements were made. The population is
now over 100,000. In 1780 the name was
changed to New Ireland, and a