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H. OF R.)
Quarantine at Elsineur.
[Jan. 23, 1837.
House, by a vote of a majority of nearly (if not quite) | object, and of the disposition he proposed to make of it; two thirds, taken by yeas and nays, determined that the which explanation he would give in the fewest possible petition should be received. Immedia'ely afterwards, words. on the same day, he had presented another petition, He said it was known to the House that the Danish (alluding to the petition before the House;) he ques. islands are situated at the entrance of the Baltic sea, by tion on reception was raised, and upon that question means of which Denmark commands, to a certain dethree gentlemen were heard so long as they ihought gree, the navigation of that sea, in and out, owing to the proper to speak; and another gentleman, (Mr. Binum,] narrowness of the various passages, whether between in the midst of his speech against the reception, was cut the islands themselves or bel ween the islands and the off, without either having bimself a chance to close his mainland of Denmark and Sweden. The Sound, which remarks, or giving any other member a chance to reply is the principal of these passages, is guarded by the cas. to him; so that, on one side, that was to say, the free tle of Knowberg, at Elsineur, which, although it may side of the question, debate was absolu'ely smothered. be passed by armed ships, as happened in the case of The Speaker had hearil, with perfect complacency and the English attack on Copenliagen, yet is amply sufficient satisfaction, every gentleman who had any thing to say to overawe and arrest merchant vessels. In fact, Denagainst the reception of the petition, but would hear mark holds the keys of the Baltic. nothing in favor of it. He (Mr. A.) claimed the free. Denmark has taken advantage of this fact, for a long dom of speech in this House, and would claim it as long period, to lay a tribute on all merchant vessels passing up as he could speak. He claimed the privilege of answer the Baltic, called the Sound dues. This tribute is paid ing, here, the gentlemen who asserted, and maintained without any value received by the merchant. It is not by argument, that these petitions should pot be received. distinguishable in principle from the tribute formerly He did not doubt that this question would come up paid to the Barbary States. It is a gratuitous exaction again, and, in the forward progress of the genius of sla of the most objectionable character, and ought not to be very, he bad no doubt that the next step would be to submitted to by the United States for another hour. refuse to receive all such petitions as these. All the Denmark bas recently taken similar advantage of her arguments used in favor of the suppression of debate on position, to subject our trade to another impediment; and this subject, by previous questions and motions to lay that is, a most vexatious quarantine. Her conduct in on the table, which admit of no debate, might be brought this respect is, it is understood, countenanced inadvertto bear with equal force against the reception of these ently by Russia, in consequence of the fears of contagion petitions at all; sinoe it was no better than mockery tu entertained by that Power, and by the other Powers receive petitions, and then refuse to hear them read; whose dominions are washed by the Baltic. and, for aught he knew, ere long, any member who Our trade with Russia is highly advantageous to both should dare to raise his voice on the subject of the abo. parties. The cause of it is this, in a majority of instances: lition of slavery would be expelled from this House. Sir, A ship sails from Boston, for example, for the island of said Mr. A., I am ready to be that member, whenever Cuba, lays in a cargo of sugar, coffee, or other commod. the House shall come to that decision.
ities produced in America, conveys them to Russia, and Mr. PINCKNEY said that the noise in the hall had there purchases a return cargo of hemp, sail-cloth, iron, been so great that he had not been able distinctly to bear and so forth, for the United States. In addition to vesthe remarks of the gentleman from Massachusetts. Mr. į sels with miscellaneous cargoes, there has gone up, duP. inquired of the Chair whether the member had taken ring recent years, an average number of forty Ameran appeal from the decision.
ican merchantmen of the first class, laden with sugar, The SPEAKER said the gentleman from Massachu- carrying 2,500 boxes, or 450 tons each, in all 100,000 selts had appealed.
boxes, of which vessels more than four fifths belong to Mr. PINCKNEY said that this question had been fully the State of Massachusetts. They receive a freight at discussed and finally determined at the last session of the rate of £3 10s. for the whole cargo, or £4 108. for Congress. He moved, therefore, the previous question two thirds, and the remainder at half profits; and the on the appeal.
House could judge, from these facts, concerning the And the House seconded the call: Yeas 99, nays not value of the commerce, as well to Russia as to the Unicounted.
ted States. Mr. LAWRENCE called for the yeas and nays on the It is the practice in the Spanish colonies to pack up question of ordering the main question; which were or
their sugar in boxes, strengthened with strips of raw dered, and were: Yeas 129, nays 48.
hide. The Danes stop the ship at Elsineur, compel ber So the House determined that the main question to put in at Kyholm, Kansoe, or Copenhagen, and to dis. should now be taken.
charge and store the whole cargo for purification, or to And the main question, “ Shall the decision of the tear off the hide from the sugar-boxes, and substitute Chair siand as the judgment of the House?” was then clamps or hoops of iron. All this subjects the merchant taken and carried: Yeas 145, nays 32.
to hazard of loss and damage in the discharge of his So the House determined that the decision of the Chair goods into lighters and otherwise; to the great expense should stand as the judgment of the House.
of storing, and so forth, on shore; to many petty excQUARANTINE AT ELSINEUR.
tions; and to an average delay of fifty or sixty days, and
sometimes to a delay of a whole winter, by being frozen. The House then resumed the consideration of the pe-up in the Baltic. It has been stated that a ship is thus tition presented by Mr. Cushing, in relation to the quar. liable to an expense of not less than three thousand dolantine on American vessels at Elsineur.
lars, without the slightest advantage to the health of the Mr. CUSHIMG said that the memorial which he had Baltic Powers, and to the common injury of Russia, the presented complained of a very serious grievance, under consumer of the cargo, and America, the carrier. which the foreign commerce of the United States las for Mr. C. said there was no practical difficulty in the some time labored. It pressed witb peculiar severity way of relieving the commerce of the United States on bis immediate constituents; in consequence of which from these evils. Our intercourse with Denmark is resthey had repeatedly, both verbally and in writing, call. ulated by a treaty concluded the 26th of April, 1826, lo ed his attention to the subject. Under these circum. be in force for ten years, and until notice from either stances, he did not feel justified in allowing the memu party. That time has expired; and the United States rial to leave his hands without a brief explanation of its now possesses the faculty of interposing, by negotiation,
Jar. 23, 1837.)
Abolition of Slavery.
[H. or R.
to exact of Denmark a relaxation of all that is vexatious The SPEAKER said the resolution which had been and unnecessary in the treatment of our ships at Elsineur. adopied covered all these cases. The gentleman from Mr. C. said he desired, in conclusion, to express bis thanks to a gentleman of New York, one of the most the women of South Weymouth had, therefore, on the honorable, intelligent, and estimable citizens of that 9ih instant, been received and laid on the table. great State, (Mr. James Tallmadge,) who had exerted The petitions from the women of Dorchester, and himself recently, whilst in Russia, to have the matter that from the men of Dover, had been declared by the rightly understood by the Emperor Nicholas.
Speaker not to be in possession of the House. The It deserved, also, the careful consideration of Congress motion to receive the first had been laid on the tableand the Government of the United States; and, to secure the motion to receive the second was under debate at this object, he moved the reference of the memorial to the adjournment of the House on the 9th instant. the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
These explanations are absolutely necessary to under. The memorial was referred accordingly.
stand my remarks, as reported in the Intelligencer, and ABOLITION OF SLAVERY.
my exceptions to the decisions of the Speaker.
He had decided that the two petitions were not in An unusually large number of petitions and memorials, possession of the House, and bad sent them back to me. on the subject of slavery in the District of Columbia, He now said that the resolution of the House intervenwere presented by different members, and were im. ing, had covered all the cases. I asked him if those pe. mediately laid on the table.
titions were by the intervening resolution of the House Mr. ADAMS asked the House at this time to take up laid on the table. He said they would be laid on the and decide on the objection raised to the reception of table if I would send them to the Chair. This I dethe petition, presented by himself, from Lydia Lewis clined. and others, (and subsequently returned to him,) pray The report proceeds: “ Mr. Adams said he took it ing the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia.
that the Clerk was responsible for the records of the (This is the petition referred to in the preceding de House." bate.*)
What I said was this: “ The journals of the House
show that at a former sitting of the House I presented * To the Editors of the National Intelligencer:
these two petitions to the House. The Speaker now GESTLEMEN: There were three petitions referred to decides that, by a sweeping resolution of the House, in the preceding debate:
they are laid on the table. If they are on the table, I First, this petition of Lydia Lewis and one hundred take it the Speaker and the Clerk of the House are reand fifiy women of Dorchester. When I presented it sponsible for the truth of the House's journal, and for aod sent it to the Clerk's table, an objection was made the possession of its archives." to its being received. The Speaker liad heretofore de. With regard to the petition from L. Swackhamer and cided that, when objection was made to the reception of fifty-three ministers and members of the Lutheran a petition, the motion to receive was debatable. But, to church in the State of New York, the report is substanget round this decision, a motion was made that the tially correct; but as the Speaker, after refusing to almotion to receive should be laid on the table, and then | low the petition to be read, at the demand of Mr. Hoar, there could be no debate. The Speaker had been of Massachusetts, permitted it to be read when the asked, if the motion to receive was laid on the table, reading was called for by Mr. PARKER, of New Jersey, what became of the petition? He said it remained in and it was read, I ask of your candor and impartiality to suspense and was not in the possession of the House. publish it with this letter. The debate concerning it He accordingly ordered the Clerk to return to me the cannot otherwise be understood. petition of Lydia Lewis and one bundred and fifty wo. I am, with great respect, gentlemen, your obedient Den of Dorchester, which was accordingly sent to me servant,
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. by the Clerk, and is now in my possession. It was the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES U. S., Jan. 26, 1837. bution to receive it which had been laid on the table,
[Copy of the memorial relerred to in Mr. Adams's letter.] and which I now asked the House to take up and de. cide.
To the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Secondly, the petition of Eliza G. Loud and two bun
States in Congress assembled: dred and twenty-eight women of South Weymouth. I The undersigned, ministers and members of the Luhad presented it immediately after the motion to receive theran church, in the State of New York, respectfully the petition from Lydia Lewis and the women of Dor represent: That, since the people of the United States chester had been laid on the table. Some of the mem. have given to our representatives, by the first article of bers from the South now insisted that the question upon the federal constitution, the right "to exercise exclu. Teceiving this petition from South Weymouth should be sive legislation, in all cases whatsoever," over the District directly taken. It was taken by yeas and nays, and by of Columbia, it is the duly of every citizen to watch the a vote of 137 to 75 was received. I had moved that it character of the law existing there. In this view, we suuld be read; but a motion had been made that it. call the attention of Congress to the condition of more should be laid on the table, (not debatable,) and on the than six thousand of the inhabitants of the District, for lable it was laid.
whose persons and civil and religious rights the laws Thirdly, the petition of Ralph Sanger and forty in- of Congress have provided no protection. Instead of babitants of Dover. I had presented it immediately securing to them inose rights, which our nation has after the petition from the women of South Weymouth solemnly declared to belong equally and inalienably to bad been laid on the table; but, notwithstanding the de. to all, your laws have deprived them of all personal cision of the House just before to receive the petition rights, and subjugated their wills to the absolute control from South Weymouib, the question of reception was of others, to whom they are said to belong as property; igaid raised upon this petition from Dover, which was and bave also unconstitutionally deprived them of the also sent back to me from the Clerk's table. In the power of obtaining redress for their wrongs, by prose. medy of a debate upon this question of reception, and cuting their claims in courts of justice, and of the in the midst of a speech by a gentleman from North right of trial by jury in many cases, and virtually of the Carolina, (Mr. Bynum, ) against its reception, the House right of petitioning Congress. albe 9th instant had adjourned. The petition from We, there folen, respectfully request Congress forth.
H. Or R.]
Abolition of Slavery.
[Jan. 23, 1837.
Massachusetts might send his petition to the Chair, and of the petition, and then said that, in his opinion, it fell it would be laid on the table.
clearly within the meaning and intent of the resolution. Mr. ADAMS said he did not doubt his right to send Mr. ADAMS appealed from the decision of the Chair, the petition to the Chair. The Speaker had decided and demanded the judgment of the House whether this heretofore that the petition was not in the possession of petition should be received and read or not. the House. Mr. A. now wished for a decision on the The SPEAKER said that the petition spoke of the question of receiving the petition, which, on the jour- absolute control held over a portion of the inhabitants nal, appeared to have been presented by him.
of the District who were claimed as property.
In his The SPEAKER said the gentleman might present opinion it was embraced within the order. his petition, and send it to the Chair, to be disposed of Mr. PINCKNEY demanded the previous question on under the resolution.
the appeal. Mr. ADAMS said it was not his intention to send it The SPEAKER said he had not yet ascertained that again to the Chair.
the gentleman from Massachusetts had yielded the floor. The SPEAKER said then there was nothing before Mr. ADAMS said he had performed his duty in giving the House, and the gentleman was out of order. a brief statement of the contents of the petition. There
Mr. ADAMS said he took it that the Clerk was re was not a word about slavery or the abolition of slavery sponsible for the records of the House.
in it. It was a petition asking Congress to enact such The SPEAKER said the entry on the journal was, laws as would secure to all the inbabitants of the District that the gentleman from Massachusetts "offered to pre- the benefit of the law and the rights of the declaration sent" a petition ; it did not appear that he did present it. of independence. This was the object of the petition;
Mr. ADAMS. But by a subsequent decision of the nor more nor less. If the Speaker decided that tbis was House, notwithstanding the petition had not been re one of the petitions included in the resolution, he (Mr. ceived, it was ordered to lie on the table.
A.) desired that the decision might be taken down, and The SPEAKER called the gentleman to order, there that the records of the House might show what sort of being no question before the House.
petitions were rejected, even without a reading. What Mr. ADAMS. Then I understand from the Speaker the paper might contain, what portion of argument was that ihe petition is laid on the table.
in it, the House could not know until the petition was The SPEAKER said it would be if the gentleman read; and although the Speaker had read it, and was sent it to the Chair.
therefore able to decide whether his (Mr. A's) stateMr. ADAMS. I do not propose to send it to the Chair. ment was true or false, yet, in the petition itself, there
[Mr. A. then presented a great number of similar pe was not a word about slavery. And if the House should titions; all of which were laid on the table.}
determine tbat a petition simply praying that all the inMr. ADAMS presented a petition wbich he thought habitants of the District of Columbia should be entitled could not be included in the resolution adopted by the 10 "the benefit of the law and the rights of the declaraHouse. It was a petition from fifty-four ministers and tion of independence," be wished the decision and the members of the Lutheran church in the State of New judgment of the House to appear on the records. York, praying Congress to enact laws to secure to all The SPEAKER said he had no difficulty in arriving the inhabitants of the District of Columbia the protec- at a decision, from the statement of the gentleman bimtion of the law and the rights of the declaration of inde self, independent of his own observation, that the petipendence. There was nothing about slavery or the tion fell within the scope of the resolution. The petiabolition of slavery in it. He moved that it be referred tion had been endorsed by some one as a petition from to the Committee for the District of Columbia, and that these ministers “to abolish slavery in the District of it be printed.
Columbia." The SPEAKER said the gentleman from Massachu. Mr. HUNTSMAN contended that the Speaker, as the setts knew the contents of the petition, but the Chair presiding officer of the House, was to be the judge did not. If the petition related to the subject of sla- whether the petition came within the prohibition of the very, it must be laid on the table.
resolution. The petition either contravened the rule, or Mr. HUNTSMAN thought the Speaker should read it did not. of this the Speaker was to be the judge, the petition, in order to ascertain wbether it came with and had the right to look into the petition; otherwise the in the meaning of the resolution.
House would be left entirely in the dark. Mr. PARKER insisted that the only way of arriving Mr. PINCKNEY said that one half of the States were at the nature of the petition was to read its contents. eternally prevented from presenting their petitions by
Mr. ADAMS. But the order of the House declares discussions on this subject. He moved the previous questhat the petition shall not be read.
tion on the appeal. The SPEAKER. Then the gentleman admits that Mr. ADAMS desired that, before the question was it relates to the subject of slavery.
taken, the verbal statement he had made of the contents Mr. ADAMS. I do not admit any such thing. I have of the petition might be reduced to writing by the Clerk. presented the petition in the form required by the Mr. A. was called to order. rule, by giving a brief statement of its contents.
Mr. A. proceeded to argue that the Speaker bad deThe SPEAKER looked for a moment into the body cided that this verbal statement should be made
The SPEAKER called Mr. A. to order. The gentle. with to pass such laws as justice and the character of man from Massachusetts had made his brief statement, our nation require, to secure to all the inhabitants of and upon that brief statement made, the Chair bad de the District of Columbia, equally and alike, the protec- cided i hat the petition fell within the order of the House. tion of the laws, and the enjoyment of all those immuni. From that decision an appeal was taken; the previous ties and advantages which our declaration of independ question bad been demanded, and the Chair must ascerence and our constitution recognise as i he inalienable tain if there was a second. right of every human being. And your petitioners, &c. Mr. ADAMS. · How can the previous question be taDated September 28, 1836.
ken, Mr. Speaker, without the House knowing on what it (Signed by L. Swackhamer, John D. Lawyer, John is to be taken? Selmser, Adolphus Rumpf, M. J. Stover, Philip Wiet The SPEAKER. The previous question will be on ing, William Oitman, George W. Lewis, ministers, and the decision of the Chair on the memorial presented by forty-six members.]
the gentleman from Massachusetts.
Jax. 24, 1837.]
Translators to the House-Admission of Michigan.
[H. OF R.
Mr. ADAMS. And what is the memorial presented The SPEAKER. Unquestionably. If it is not there by the gentleman from Massachusetts?
at the reading of the journal to-morrow morning, the The SPEAKER said the gentleman bad no right to gentleman can require it to be put there. propound such questions.
Mr. ADAMS. "Oh, yes, sir, by the vote of a majority Mr. ADAMS said he presumed he had a right to ask
of this House. that the brief statement he had given might be made The SPEAKER. The Clerk will do his duty. knowo to the House.
And the main question, “Shall the decision of the Mr. W. B. SHEPARD asked Mr. PINCKNEY to with. Chair stand as the judgment of the House?” was taken, draw the previous question; which Mr. P. declined to do. and carried : Yeas 170, nays 3.
Mr. S. then said, amidst loud cries of order, that South So the House affirmed the decision of the Chair. ero men were compelled to sit and hear their constituents After the reception and reference of numerous other insulted, and the majority of the House denies them all memorials, opportunity of reply.
The House, at about half past 4 o'clock, adjourned. And the question being taken, the House seconded the demand for the previous question: Yeas 80, nays 51.
TUESDAY, JANUARI 24. So there was a second.
TRANSLATORS TO THE HOUSE. Mr. REED asked for the yeas and nays on ordering the rain question; but the House refused them.
The unfinished business was the following resolution, Mr. HOAR asked that the petition might be read, in beretofore reported by Mr. Huntsman, from the Comorder that he might understand on wbat he was about
mittee on Private Land Claims: to vote.
“ Resolved, Tbat the translator of the French and SpanThe SPEAKER said it would not be in order. ish languages for this House, who was appointed under Mr. HOAR asked if it would then please the Chair to
the resolution of the House of February 24, 1835, be tell him on what he was about to vote.
continued as such until the 1st of February, 1838." The SPEAKER said the gentleman from Massachu
After some remarks from Messrs. HUNTSMAN, E. selts (Mr. ADAMS) had presented a petition, and had made WHITTLESEY, G. CHAMBERS, and D J. PEARCE, a brief a statement of its contents.' The Speaker suppo, Mr. E. WHITTLESEY moved to recommit the resosed the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Hoar] had lution to the Committee on Private Land Claims, with heard that statement.
instructions to inform the House what amount of translaMr. ADAMS said he wished the Speaker would state
tions the individual referred to had furnished within the wbat that brief statement was.
last two years, and to report to the House the necessity, The SPEAKER said the gentleman from Massachu
or otherwise, of continuing the said office. setts would take his seat.
After some desultory conversation, Mr. E. WHITMr. ADAMS said he would take his seat. [And he
TLESEY withdrew bis motion, on the suggestion of Mr.
C. JOHNSON that the resolution should lie over until The SPEAKER said it was not the part of the
the next session of Congress. Speaker to repeat the statements made by members of
And the question being taken, the resolution was rethe House.
jected. Mr. ADAMS gaid, if the House permitted, he was
After transacting the usual morning business, the House ready to repeat his brief statement, for the benefit of his proceeded to the orders of the day, and took up the bill
for the colleague. The SPEAKER said the demand for the previous ques.
ADMISSION OF MICHIGAN. tion had been seconded, and he could not entertain a The pending question being on ordering the bill to a question of this character at this time.
third reading-And the question being taken, the House decided that Mr. VANDERPOEL said that the fair and statesmanthe main question should now be taken: Yeas 85, like manner in which the bill under consideration bad alneys 35.
ready been discussed by the gentlemen who had preceSo the main question was ordered to be put.
ded bim was, he hoped, an omen that no extrinsic topMr. PARKER said it was impossible for him to deter. ice will be forced into this debate; that at least one sub. mine the nature of the petition until it had been read. ject would here be debated without conducing to the ef.
The SPEAKER (after a few moments' consideration) fusion of party spleen, unbecoming this hall and the high aid he doubted whether, under the circumstances, it places we here occupy. would not be proper that the petition should be read, After all, said Mr. v., this is not a very complicated that the members might determine what direction should question. The truth and right of the case, for which, be given to it. It was very short.
he trusted, we were all seeking, did not lie altogeth. The petition was accordingly read; and the SPEAKER er hidden between the lids of ponderous volumes on aid he bad decided that it fell within the order of the constitutional law. They were as well within the reach House.
and capacity of the plain every-day practical thinker as Mr. COLES called for the yeas and nays on the main the constitutional scholar; and although he could not but question; which were ordered.
commend the industry and research of his learned friend Mr. ADAMS inquired what the decision of the Chair from Maryland, (Mr. Thomas,) although he was forcibly 13.
struck with the force and applicability of most of the The SPEAKER said his decision was, that the petition authorities which he cited, and subscribed to most of the fell within the following order of the House. [The doctrines which he urged, yet he (Mr. V.) fancied that Spenser read the resolution so often referred to.] we could attain a safe and a sound conclusion in this case,
Mr. ADAMS said he then understood the decision of without consulting those sages and oracles with whose the Chair to be on the verbal statement made of the con- cogitations bis learned friend had so liberally furnished us. tents of the petition, and on the petition itself.
The sovereignty of the people, their right to change The CHAIR said he had stated the question several Their Government whenever they please, the right of fines.
the majority to change their organic law whenever it beMr. ADAMS wisbed for information. Would the de. comes oppressive or inadequate to the purposes for which tion of the Speaker, laying this petition on the table, it was instituted; these, as general propositions, had not be entered on tbe journal?
been, and would not, he thought, be denied. The right
H. OF R.]
Admission of Michigan.
(Jan. 24, 1837.
of the people to change their Government, (if it were or Territory, rejected the conditions of admission held doubted,) might, however, be one question; but whether out by the act of Congress of last session, by a vote the people of Michigan, by accepting the conditions of of twenty-one to twenty-eight. On the 14th day of admission held out to them by the last act of Congress, December last, another convention assembled, consists did, in fact, work such a radical revolution in their Governo ing of seventy-eight delegates, and unanimously acceptment as to require any very labored vindication of the ed of the conditions contained in the act of Congress. natural and inherent right of man to throw off the yoke "The latter convention originated through primary asof oppression when it becomes too galling to be borne, semblies of the people. After the first convention rethis was quite another matter. The two questions in- jected the terms held out by the act of Congress, there volved, as he understood them, were, first, have the was an election for members of the Legislature, held acconditions of admission held out by the act of Congress cording to the constitution and laws of Michigan. This of last session been accepted by the people of Michigan? question of accepting or rejecting the terms of admission Secondly, was a change in the constitution of Michigan proposed by the act of Congress of June, 1834, was made wrought, or attempted to be wrought, by the last con a test question at this election; and it resulted in the vention, which accepted the conditions prescribed by election of members more than three fourths of whom the act of Congress; and if such change was, in effect, were favorable to the acceptance of these terms of admade, was it made by a competent body, and was it mission. The county of Washtenaw, one of the largest made secundem artem? - for it really appeared to him that counties in the State, had returned seven members to there were some gentlemen who looked more to the form the first convention, (which was a number equal to the than to the substance of things.
entire majority of the disagreeing members,) by a maIn order correctly to understand the points that were jority of one hundred and eighty-one votes. Not more involved in this case, it was necessary that we should un than 1,700 votes were given at this election, both for the derstand the prominent facts that were connected with assenting and dissenting members. After the first conit, which, as introductory to the brief argument be pro vention had rejected the terms proposed by the act of posed to submit, he would now succinctly state. Congress, many prominent and respeclable citizens of
I. The Territory of Michigan, according to the ordi- this couniy, convinced that a very large majority of its nance of the 13th of July, 1787, for the government of citizens were opposed to the result wbich the September the Territory northwest of the Ohio river, was entitled convention had attained, addressed a letter to the Gov. to be admitted into the Union, as one of the confederate ernor of Michigan, requesting him to call another conStates, when she contained a population of sixty thousand vention. His excellency refused to comply with this resouls. In June, 1835, when it was ascertained that this quest, on the ground that his power to call a convention Territory contained a population of more than one hun. was questionable; but, in his answer to the citizens of dred thousand souls, the people of Michigan, through | Washienaw, who had thus addressed him, informed them the medium of a convention chosen for that purpose, that it was competent for the people in tbeir primary met and formed a constitution for a State Government. assemblies to call another convention, and recommended The preamble to this constitution declares the Territory that course of proceeding. of Michigan to be "as established by the act of Con. A convention was accordingly called by great numgress of 1805," which separated the Michigan from the bers of the people, in their primary capacity. On the Indiana Territory. Thai act would seem to include 5th and 6th days of December, elections were beld in within Michigan the territory that formed the subject of every county of the State except the counties of Monroe dispute between the State of Ohio and Michigan. It and Macomb. The judges appointed by law to preside might as well be stated here as elsewhere, and he (Mr. at the elections in the State presided at this, counted V.) begged the House to note this fact, the great impor- and returned the votes, and saw that the laws prescribing tance of which would appear from a portion of his sub. the qualifications of voters were duly observed. The sé quent remarks, that ihe territory of which the State December election resulted in the choice of seventyof Michigan was to be composed, according to her con eight delegates, who subsequently convened, and unanistitution, does not appear from the body of the constitu. mously voted in favor of coming into the Union on the tion of Michigan, and is designated only in the preamble terms held out by the act of Congress. This county of to the constitution. At the last session of Congress, Washtenaw, which had given only seventeen hundred Michigan came here with her constitution, and asked for | votes at the first election, and elected seven dissenting admission into the Union. A question as to disputed members, by a majority of only one hundred and eightyboundary between Obio and Michigan had already for one votes, at the second election chose assenting memsome time agitated the great' State of Ohio, and the bers by a large majority, and gave about nineteen hungrowing and important Territory of Michigan, and had dred votes for the assenting members alone. It also apalready assumed a very serious aspect. Congress was pears to us most abundanily that, at the last election, anxious to restore tranquillity between these contend. more than two thousand votes more were given for the ing parties, and instead of absolutely accepting the con assenting delegates alone, than were given at the former stitution of Michigan, and admitting her at once into the election for both assenting and dissenting delegates. family of States, Congress, at its last session, passed an Upon these facts, the first question which naturally act by which the constitution and State Government arises is, has the condition of admission held out by the which the people of Michigan had formed was "ac act of Congress of June last been complied with? Or, in cepled, ratified, and confirmed," provided that a new other words, have the boundaries of Michigan, as deboundary line was established, by which the whole or a clared by the act of Congress, received the assent of a part of the disputed territory should be given 10 Ohio; convention of delegates elected by the people of Michiand, as a compliance with this fundamental condition of gan "for the sole purpose of giving the assent required admission, Congress, by the third section of the act of by the act of Congress?" last session, provided “tbat the boundaries of Michigan, Ay to this point, said Mr. V., it must be observed that as declared by the act of Congress, should receive the aithough the ibird section of the act of Congress of last assent of a convention of de legales elected by the peo. ssion required the assent of a convention elected by pie of said State for the sole purpose of giving the the people of Michigan, yet it did not declare by whom, assent required in the act of Congress.” In September or by what author y, an election for such convention Jast, a convention of delegates, which assembled in Michi- should be ordered. It does not provide that it shall be gan pursuant to an act of the Legislature of that State | called by the Legislature of Michigan, as there was no