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H. Op R.]
Indian Appropriation Bill.
(Feb. 1, 1837.
lic prints, that this treaty had been made a means, an Sir, there has been an immense machine in motion in engine, an instrument in the hands of governmental relation to these frauds, and similar speculations, in agents, in combination with individuals and companies, every section of the country where the public lands are for, in many instances, dishonest speculations and fraud? for sale. Where can its location be, sir! I have heard Yes, sir, these things are public; and, in my view, it is it said, probably in the city of Washington. One thing clear that this treaty, with its reservations, has been seems to be most certain, that it is in operation; but used for the mercenary interests of others than a por. who manages the handle, and regulates iis mighty ac. tion of the people of Georgia and Alabama. Yea, North tion, is beyond discovery. Speculation is the order of and South, East and West, and this centre, Washington the day, and those who have engaged in it, as individu. city, the place which gave birth to the trealy, are said, als or companies, are becoming rich-whether active and I have no reason to doubt it, to have recipients and or dormant partners; and those who have committed the partukers of these fraudulent speculations. The day, I frauds upon the Indians in the Creek country, whether trust, will come, when the curtain shall be removed, they were agents or officers of the Government, individ. and the authors, active and dormant, in these dark uals or companies, or otherwise, are, in a great meas. deeds of infamy, shall be dragged forward on the scene; ure, by the use of the treaty and its unfortunate and un. when the whole of the facts connected with this treaiy wise provisions, the cause of the late Indian difficulties. and the frauds shall be developed with damning proof The gentleman from Vermont had very eloquently against the guilty, and ample justification and approval and feelingly depicted these fraud and had also pre. of the honest speculators or purchasers, when the sented to this House a deplorable picture, as drawn, of world shall know where to attach the blame, to apply the condition and situation of the emigrating Creeker the finger of scorn, and the accents of indignant repro and also by the anonymous letter which he has caused bation. Then we shall find who has pocketed the pro. to be read by the Clerk. Suppose all this to be true, ceeds of frauds carried into successful operation by no censure should be attributed to Georgia or Alabama, means of this measure of the Government, the treaty. for they had no more connexion with these matters than And yet, sir, notwithstanding the many actors in these any other States in the Union; it is a matter in the ex. atrocities, exclusive censure has been directed to the clusive control of the General Government. contiguous States of these frauds, and they alone ex. (Mr. Evenett rose, and asked Mr. D. to permit him posed and branded as the originators of the evils which to explain. have followed. Let every one bear his share of the The gentleman from Georgia (Mr. E. said) had misblame, as well as his portion of public indignation, apprehended the scope of his remarks. He certainly whether he be in office, high or low, or occupying a did not intend to make any imputation against the char. private station; they who are equally guilty of fraud acter of any State; and thought his expressions had been should be equal in every thing else.
sufficiently guarded to exclude such a construction; he To change the conclusions which have been drawn had, in general terms, charged the Creek frauds on the by myself and others, in, relation to the causes of the wliites; he had not designated to what section of country war, it has been said, and I think by my colleague, they belonged. He was as well aware as the gentleman (Mr. Holsey) that the white population on ihe frontiers from Georgia, that they did not belong exclusively to and the Indians are generally in a state of hostility with the adjoining States; that persons of high standing else. each other; as a proposition, it may be true, but in relation where were concerned in the frauds and the removal; to the late Creek war it was not so; for I have no rec and that it would be in the highest degree illiberal and ollection of any acts of oppression to the Indians, or of unjust to characterize any Siate by the improper con: hostilities from them. The Indians were peaceable un. duct of a few individuals; and he could have no doubt til the consequences of the treaty began to develop that the conduct of these speculators was held in as deep. themselves. Frauds, it is said, were commilled in re reprobation in Georgia and Alabama, as in any part lation to the reservations, which could be effected only the Union.) by a combination of the certifying agents; and, unless Yes, sir, (said Mr. Dawson,) there is no doubt of that the agents connived, a fraud could not be easily prac- fact, and I am gratified at the explanation. The letter, tised. The removal of suspected agents, by the Presi-sir, which bas been read before this House, detailing dent, touk place, in order to protect the Indians; but, the condition of the emigrating Creeks, whether true of sir, notwithstanding, frauds were perpetrated, the In false, bad no relation to the states from whence they dians were swindled, and they, at least a part of them, had removed; nor could it originale censure against became desperate, particularly when the man or men those States which had suffered by their murders, ar which their Great Father the President had sent for sons, and robberies. If censure were due, it properly attheir protector had become a trailor to their interest, tached to the Government, or its agents, as this article and was instrumental, as has been charged on this floor of the treaty will clearly demonstrate: "Art. 12. The and elsewhere, in defrauding them.
United States are desirous that the Creeks should remove Men from every section, almost, of this wide confed. to the country west of the Mississippi, and join their eracy concentrated in the Creek country about this country men there; and for this purpose it is agreed that, period-and for what purpose did they go? To take as fast as the Creeks are prepared to emigrate, they sball the advantages which the provisions of the treaty un. be removed at the expense of the United States, and fortunately presented for speculation in Indian reserva. shall receive subsistence whilst on their journey, and for tions. They did make it a source of speculation, and one year after their arrival at their new home," &c. plunged innocent and unoffending men, women, and The Government is thereby bound to remove the children, of Georgia and Alabama, on each side of ihe Creeks, and subsist and protect them, and to pay all the river Chattahoochee, in all the horrors of a bloody and expenses of removal; and to support them and supply savage warfare, by their impious and eager thirst for them for one year after their arrival at their "new gain and profit; and when they bad consummated their home.”
These are obligations and duties belonging to speculations and frauds, in which some Georgians and the Government, and for their fulfilment and discharge Alabamians participated, they relurn to their homes, ample appropriations have been made by Congress. If and add to their infamy by slandering and calumnia. these duties and obligations have been neglected, and if. ting the people on the frontiers, whom they had already it be true that these people are in the miserable condition too much injured by libelling them as being the instiga. represented, that their sufferings are such as have been lors and cause of the dreadful consequences of their portrayed, the fault must be on the agents of the Gov. own acts of injustice.
Fra. I, 1837.)
Indian Appropriation Bill.
(H. OF R.
The contractors for removal, I understand, to the Indians, there are some pages in the history of have fulfilled their contracts; no cause of censore justly New England which I wish had never been there, some applies to any Stale; the Government is responsible. that I wish could be obliterated; I wish the modern pro.
Sir, a needless sympathy seems to have been excited, cess of expunging could be applied to them by this body in consequence of the few hostile Creeks having been or by any body elsewhere. emigrated in chains. This is true, and was an act just [Mr. Holser asked Mr. E. to repeat the words, not and proper, and the officers of the Government deserve having heard distincily.) po censure for this; justice and humanity prompted it; I said that there are some pages in the history of New it was due to the safety of the defenceless women and England that I wish could be obliterated; and I now say children of the frontiers, and for the protection of the I should be glad to see the modern process of expunging property of our citizens in that section, which was then a applied to them-thal black lines should be drawn scene of desolation, conflagration, and murder; and, sir, around the page, and across it written “expunged by it was an act of kindness to the Indians themselves, thus order of the Senate.” This, sir, would be applying the to force them to their new home, and prevent them process to some good purpose. i have, then, only to say from remaining and avenging their mistaken and savage ihat it will be time enough to quote the wrongs of New propensities by acts of cruelty and murder against the England as a justification wben these wrongs are justiwhiles; and it gave them an escape from the vengeance fied. of a justly incensed and excited community, who had I have been charged by the gentleman from Georgia been roused to desperation by the murderous acts of on my right (Mr. Holser) with an exclusive sympathy these very emigrating Indians. It was an act of pure for Indian sufferings, and none for those of the whitesgrace and favor, for, by the laws of the land, these mur. none for the men, women, and children, murdered by derers of women and children, and desolators of prop: the savage. That I have felt strongly the injustice per. erly, and destroyers of the public mails, had forfeited petrated against that race, in all time, but more flagranttheir lives, and deserved death. But, sir, the generous, ly of late, I will not deny. But, sir, what occasion bave and noble and forgiving feelings of our nature permit. I given for the residue of the charge? It is this: that I ted them to escape the vengeance of the violated law. have not rested content with exciting attention to the im. Let no man speak of the indignation of the injured Geor. mediate cause-to the excited savage alarm—but to those gians and Alabamians leading to cruelty; the emigration who have excited him to those inhuman acts. He who of these Indians, after the murders they had commiited, unchains the tiger takes the responsibility.
The say. the robberies and confiagrations they had perpetrated, age is the instrument of cruelty in the hands of him who being permitted by an injured people to escape, and to excites him to war. I will notice one other remark of have taken up their line of march for the West, almost the same gentleman. He has stated that the natural re. in view of the smoking ruins of Roanoke, amidst the re. lation of the Indian to the whites is that of war. That mains of which now lie the bones and ashes of fathers, such is the inherent disposition of the Indian, on any moihers, brothers, and sisters, innocent and unoffending proper occasion I would make the issue; that we have women and children, who were murdered by the dead been always the aggressor, I do not say; but that we hy rifles of these emigrants, or perished in the flames of have been so more often than they, I think our own his. the confiagration. Mr. Speaker, their permission to es tory will fully sustain. In judging them, we weighed Cape is wondrous, and speaks volumes in favor of that them in even scales with ourselves, We have made no portion of this Union, and will command applause. Such allowances for the difference of temperament and feel. an indulgence to the ignorance and savage ferocity of ings of their race; what should not provoke, we deem it the men of the forest can be found in the history only of highly unreasonable that it should rouse the savage to reGeorgia and of Alabama.
venge. The occasion, however, is not appropriate for There is still a part of these people remaining, and the further discussion of this question. the appropriasion contained in the bill before the House Mr. CAMBRELENG hoped the House would not reis to effect their removal; let me, in the name of an ex. commit this bill. With reference to the alleged frauds, posed and injured people, urge ihat it should be made, he called attention to the fact that this very bill containand these Indians removed. Then may the men, wo ed an appropriation for their investigation; and he furmen, and children, of that suffering portion of the Union ther stated that, in the course of a very lew days, a re. sleep secure, and be relieved from all the fears and ap- port would be made by the commissioners charged with preliens ons of sevage cruelties.
that duty. That would present a more proper occasion Mr. EVERETT said he was gratified that he had to discuss ihe subject of the causes of the Creek war, Made the occasion for the eloquent speech of the gen. and the part these alleged frauds, if any such be found tieman from Georgia on his lefi, (Mr. Dawson.) If any to have exislerl, may bave had in producing the war. thing could have reconciled him to some acts of that With regard to the motion to recommit, he would exo Biale now past and gone by, it would be the tone, the plain, in a few words, the object of it. Mr. C. then cited lemper, and the manly bearing, of that gentleman. He one of the general items, and then read in exlenso the es. had listened with admiration to the insiani, the impas- timates upon which it was founded, some twenty or thirsoned, and able defence of the character of his Siate ty in number, some of them embracing trifling amounts, Dalled out on the mere (mis) upprehension that it had and which showed that, if the specifications were carried been assailed. The honor of that Siale was 'in safe out through the bill, it would swell to a volume in size. keeping so long as that gentleman retained a seat on Mr. GLASCOCK said he regretted very much that ibat fiuor.
any discission had been thought necessary on the pres. The gentleman had not, however, contented himself eni bill, feeling assured that there were but few who with repelling the supposed attack, but lie had crossed would be found to sanction the proposed amendment The line, and carried the war into the North. He had sig. of the honorable gentleman from New Jersey; (Mr. Dhantly asked if the Indians had no charges to bring PARKER.] Situated as he was, however, he felt it his against New England! Sir, I would that I could say no. dury to reply to some of the remarks which had been Some things were there transacted of which New England made by the several gentlemen who preceded him, and has no reason to be proud; but some allowance is to be especially as they were connected and related to his own made for the peculiar opinions of that day, and some for While (said Mr. G.) he differed with his honor. the advance of the age. The acts done then would be now uble colleague (Mr. Dawsun] ag 10 the causes of the fins against greater light and knowledge. In relation | Creek war, and wholly denied that the Guveroment bad
H. Of R. )
Indian Appropriation Bill.
[FEB. 1, 1837.
any agency in the same, he had listened with great at. many purchases made were perfectly fair, and in good tention to him, and was pleased and delighted at the faith, and for all such he was assured the most satisfactory manner in which he had acquitted himself. It has been measures would be adopted at an early period. The stated (said Mr. G.) that to the clause in the treaty which whole matter was now under full investigation before a gives reservations is to be traced the origin of our Creek competent tribunal, and a report soon expected: what difficulties; and it seems to be the wish of some gentle that report would be he was not prepared to say; but men to fix this exclusively upon the Government. In be invoked gentlemen to abstain at psesent, and on all making such a charge, said Mr. G.,) it should be recol. future occasions, from casting further reflections upon lected ihat all treaties, before they are consummated, must the State, and the whole people of his State, for the er. be ratified by the Senate; and whatever may have been rors and crimes of a few. To continue it was illiberal and our error in embracing such a clause, and whatever dif- unjust, and could not be expected would be quietly subficulties may have arisen from the same, that honorable miited to. Whenever (said he) the guilty shall be ferand dignified body must come in for a share of the re reted out, and their guilt made manifest, he greatly missponsibility and censure attempted to be thrown on the took the character of the people of his State if they Government. But Mr. G. said he was gratified to say were not the first to point at them the finger of scorn, that no man is more opposed to the principle of reser and treat them as their conduct merited. vations than General Jackson; he has witnessed with re. Mr. G. concluded by saying that, whatever may have gret and mortification the difficulties arising under them, been the causes of the Creek war, they certainly could and the numerous frauds and perjuries to which they not operate against the appropriations and the passage have led; and such is now his abhorrence to them, that of the bill. It was a melancholy truth that the war had he will not himself sanction them, or even consent to been produced, and the fatal consequences growing out submit to the Senate for their sanction any treaty em of it but too deeply felt, if not by the whole country, by bracing such a clause. And in the late treaty with the the citizens of Georgia and Alabama. Sir, (said he,) Cherokees he refused to do so until it was stricken out, the tragical scenes have been enacted; the horrible deeds expressing with great feelings of disapprobation that of murder and massacre have been committed, and but such a clause should bave been included, when his views too deeply impressed upon our minds; our battlegrounds and opinions on the subject were so well known. Mr. have been stained with the blood of some of our valued G. said he was not prepared to say what were the origi- citizens; many have found honorable graves; valuable nal opinions of the President in relation to this matter; possessions have been laid waste and wrapt in flames; but it ever favorable, they have long since undergone a wives, mothers, and children-nay, all ages and sexes change, and were almost universally known at this time. have fallen a sacrifice to savage cruelties and violence. Sad experience has caused changes in the opinions of the scalping-knife and tomahawk have streamed with many on this question, (said Mr. G.,) who now assume the blood of innocence; hundreds were now clad in entirely new positions. But under no circumstances mourning, and the heart of many a fond parent made to was he prepared to sanction the principle, that because bleed for the loss of some near and dearest relative; and reservations were embraced in the trealy, it constituted yet an attempt is made to elicit our feelings and sympa. any justification for the fraudulent speculators; and that inies in behalf of the actors of these scenes, and the pol. errors committed by the Government (if gentlemen icy pursued towards them by the Staie and National please) are to extenuate and palliate their crimes for a Governments openly condemned. This (said Mr. G.) violation of all laws. He (Mr. G.) recognised no such was but a faint and imperfect sketch of the effects of the rule of morals for himself.
war; and, though we may not have it in our power to Mr. G. then observed that, as to what had been said trace the cause to its true origin, though it may remain as to the causes of the war, it was painful to him even to shrouded in darkness and obscurity, still (said Mr. G.) allude; but a duty to bis State and country forbids bis the bloody and awful consequences resulting from it silence, and was paramount with him to all other con will no doubt furnish a fruitful theme for some future siderations. It has been said, then, that the frauds prace historian, but in whom, he prayed, there would not be tised on the Indians were not connected with the war. found (as here) any sympathy for the perpetrators of He, from bis very soul, wished it might prove so; his rule such deeds of barbarity and cruelly. He hoped the mowas to consider “all men innocent until their guilt be tion to recommit would be rejected, and tbe bill speedimade manifest;" but he was bound to say that he greatly ly passed. feared, whenever a full investigation was bad, it would Mr. LEWIS said be rose in a state of severe indispobe found, that if not the immediate, they were the re sition and suffering, under which he had labored for the
Let it not be disguised (said Mr. G.) that last two days, to protest against the common cry of a more perfect system of fraud and fraudulent specula. frauds, frauds, which resounds from so many quarters tions was never organized and consummated iban that of this House whenever an appropriation is asked to sup. which was organized and consummated by a few citizens press the hostilities or to effect the removal of the Creek of bis own State, and claiming to be citizens, for the pur. Indians. He said it was most strange that this cry should pose of defrauding and cheating the Indians of their again be heard, on this occasion, when a considerable lands. He forbore a recital of their systematic ar portion of the appropriation asked was, in fact, for the rangements; their plans as to the modus operandi: to do purpose of the investigation of the very frauds against 80 would but cause all to blush for the depravity of huo which gentlemen so bitterly complained. One would
Let it be known, however, (said Mr. G.,) slippose that, if such a holy horror of fraud actuated this that several are supposed to be connected in these trans. House, there would be no difficulty in passing this appro. actions who have held high situations in our State, and, priation; that every means would be adopted to facilitate as not known to his colleagues, are composed of men of the investigation which is now going on; and that the clam. wealth and influence of both political parties; and here orous indignation of gentlemen would be withheld unti he would remark, without the fear of contradiction, that they received the report of the commissioners charged in consequence of the firm and usually bold and inde with the investigation. pendent stand that the President took in withholding Sir, (said Mr. L.,) if these accusations of fraud were the patents until an investigation of the whole matter or could be, confined to the miserable perpetrators wh could be had, it called down upon him the bitterest op: had engaged in them, he certainly would not say a wor position of the parties interested, and of many who had in their vindication, or attempt, in any manner, to aver been formerly his friends. Mr. G. said it was probable from them the withering blast of public reprebensio
FEB. 1, 1837.)
(H. OF R.
He had no sympathies in common with them, whether the reports of which were daily reaching the Creeks; for they were or were not his constituents; but he asked it is a fact well known, that the Creek war commenced whether the acts of a band of lawless swindlers, he would at that very point in the nation from which the Seminoles not call them speculators, should draw down the indis- mostly sprung; at a point the most contiguous to the criminate denunciations of the House upon the great Seminoles, and among that portion of the Creeks most Anass of respectable settlers who reside in that portion of nearly allied to, and having the most sympathy with, the Alabama? Are these frauds to be a standing reproach Seminoles. to the entire community? Are these settlers, who, if Be these suggestions, however, as they may, Mr. gentlemen are right in supposing the late Creek war to Speaker, as no member has taken a more decided course have been produced by the frauds practised on the In. than myself in urging the investigations which are going dians, are they to be deprived of all sympathy for their on into these frauds, so no member will be more gratilosses and sufferings, and even their just claims on this fied at the disclosuresthey may produce. If of innocence, Government to be prejudiced and drowned in such vo they will remove unjust suspicion and censuse; if of ciferations of fraud? He trusted not.
guilt, they will give a just direction to public detestation Sir, (said Mr. L.,) it will be recollected that the first and scorn. In these sentiments I know that I am suscomplaint that was heard on this fioor against the very tained by more than nineteen twentieths of the people frauds of which gentlemen speak was from the people most contiguous to the scene of these alleged frauds; of that portion of Alabama and the adjoining portions and if there is a stronger or deeper detestation of these of Georgia. Yes, sir, from a very large and respectable frauds and their authors in one part of the country than portion of the settlers, who were in the immediate vicin- in another, it is in the immediate vicinity where they ity of these outrages upon law and honesty. Sir, it was have been perpetrated. these people who first demanded the investigation which Under these convictions, Mr. L. concluded by saying is now going on. The House could not fail to remem that he had felt himself authorized to reprobate the ber the urgent petition which be (Mr. L.) presented at Joose and indiscriminate manner in which frauds had a late period of the last session, coming from so large a been imputed to the people in that section of Alabama. number of these people, charging the existence of these As the representative of that people, he bad gone as far frauds, and demanding the most prompt and thorough as any gentleman on this floor in the investigation of investigation. What stronger proof do gentlemen want these frauds. He was but carrying out the will
of those to convince them that, if such frauds have been prac. he represented; and had he pursued a different course, tised in that section of country, they are nowhere visited upon a point so immediately involving the honor of his with more unqualified condemnation and indignation, constituents, their indignant reprobation would, as it than by the very people among whom, and in outrage of ought, instantly put him
down. the feelings of whom, they were perpetrated.
Mr. HAYNES thought this discussion premature. If Nor must gentlemen think that, because these frauds the conduct of Georgia was before the House, he would were committed in Alabama, they were therefore com willingly contribute bis mite in her defence; but, if not, mitted wholly by Alabamians. Sir, it is like all other he hoped the discussion would be confined to the only cases of frauds in the purchase of Indian reservations; subject properly under consideration. and wherever Indian reservations bave been purchased, Mr. PARKER said a few words in support of his mothe fraudulent, not only from the adjoining but from tion, and asked for the yeas and nays thereon, but the more distant States, have flocked together, and formed House refused to order them, and the motion was disCompanies to engage in the common work of cheating agreed to without a division, and the amendments of the the Indian. If I were asked, in the absence of a report Committee of the Whole were all severally concurred in. on this subject from the commissioners, if frauds existed, Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina, submitted an adI would answer affirmatively; if inquired of as to the thé- ditional section, providing that no Indian should hereafatre of these frauds, I would say in the Creek country ter be removed, by contract, from the east to the west of Alabama; if questioned as to the individuals by whom side of the Mississippi. tbese frauds were committed, to what State they belong, After a few words from Messrs. WILLIAMS and I would say, not to any one State, but possibly to all of HAYNES, them to the United States. Many of the individuals be. Mr. McKiM demanded the previous question; which longiog to these companies, and among them probably was seconded; and the main question, being ordered, on the most unscrupulous, because the least known, doubi. the engrossment of the bill, was put, and carried without less did not then, nor do they now, live in the State of a division. Alaba da. Gentlemen, therefore, in denouncing the au So the bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third thors of this general system and harvest of fraud, may, reading to-morrow. in some instances, denounce their own constituenis as
ARMY BILL. well as mine; but, , they give a
to be most unjust to the people of that portion of Alabama. solved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state Yes, sir, if the facts are ever fully reported to the of the Union, (Mr. Casey in the chair,) on the bill country, I have no doubt it will be found that Alabama making appropriations for the support of the army for has borne more than her due portion of censure on this the year 1837. subject.
Mr. CAMBRELENG, under the direction of the i trust, however, sir, that in future discussions on our Committee of Ways and Means, reported a series of lodian affairs, there will be less of this random assertion amendments making appropriations for certain items in of general fraud; that gentlemen will withhold their fur- the ordnance depariment, &c.; wbich were agreed to. ther denunciation until they shall see the report of the And, no other amendment having been offered, the comissioners on this subject; and I hope that this report bill was laid aside. will be received before the close of this session. I also Mr. CAMBRELENG asked the committee, at this hope that, when that report is received, it will be found time, to take up and consider the bill making approthat public rumor bas magnified the extent, if it has not priations for certain fortifications for the year 1837; the beinous character, of these frauds; and that the In. which was refused. Cian war grew out of causes of a more general character; On motion of Mr. CAMBRELENG, the committee out of the Seminole war, which was then raging, and I then rose, and reported the army bill to the House.
H. or R. )
Andrew Knox- Indian Appropriation Bill.
[FEB. 2, 1837.
The House concurred with the Committee of the Mr. BOON remarked that this bill was not presented Whole in the amendments thereto made, and the bill in the character of a claim, for the individual benefited was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading to-mor- | by it only asked for that justice to which he was en.
titled without coming there, and of which he had been Mr. CAMBRELENG moved to suspend the rule, to deprived by the contrivance before referred to. go into Committee of the Whole on the bill in relation Mr. KENNON said the Senate had three times passed to sufferers by fire in the city of New York; which mo this bill, and the Committee on the Public Lands had tion was rejected.
unanimously recommended its passage. Moreover, Several similar motions were offered, and rejected. every one interested in it, all the inhabitants of the
Mr. CAMBRELENG moved that the House adjourn, township, and those charged with the trust of the school but withdrew the motion at the request of the Speaker, section, were all in favor of it. who presented several executive communications. Mr. CARR bore testimony to the fact of the township The House then adjourned.
having been improperly numbered, the school section
having been thrown in ihe northeastern corner; for, not THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 2.
satisfied with the petitioner's statement alone, Mr. C.
went bimself to the land office, and examined the plat. ANDREW KNOX.
The case he also described to be a very hard one. Amorg the morning business,
The motion to commit to a Commitiee of the Whole Mr. HARRISON, of Missouri, from the Committee on House was then put, and disagreed to; and the bill was the Public Lands, reported Senate bill, without amend ordered to be read a third time now, and it was then ment, for the relief of Andrew Knox, of Mississippi; read a third time and passed. which he moved to be ordered 10 a third reading. Mr. CHAMBERS, of Pennsylvania, was opposed to the
INDIAN APPROPRIATION BILL. motion, since it presented no claim for taking prece Mr. CAMBRELENG asked the consent of the House dence over other land claims of a similar character. He at this time to take up, on their final passage, the two moved to refer it to a Committee of the Whole on the engrossed bills making appropriations for the current state of the Union.
expenses, &c. of the Indian department, and for the Mr. HARRISON stated that the case of the applicant support of the army, for the year 1837. was a very hard one, and without precedent with any Mr. BOYD inquired, if the House passed to the or. other then before the House. Mr. H. made a brief der of the day, what would be the business first in orstatement of the claim, and the circumstances giving der. rise to it, and hoped the bill would not be committed. The SPEAKER said the message heretofore trang.
After a few words further from Messrs. CHAMBERS, mitted by the President of the United States in relation
of Mr. CAMBRELENG. Mr. HUNTSMAN moved to commit it to the Commit. Mr. CAMBRELENG then moved to suspend the rule tee on Private Land Claims. L.ost.
for the purpose of taking up the two engrossed bills [The following is the substance of this claim: The making appropriations for the Indian and military service, surveyor employed to survey this township contrived and also for the purpose of proceeding to the considera to throw the sixteenth section upon the settlement of ation of the other appropriation bills, namely, the forti. the claimant, who was entiiled to pre-emption, instead | fication bill, the navy bill, the civil list bill, the road of throwing it in the centre by commencing at the north-bill, the West Point Academy bill, and the harbor bill, east corner, because the settler refused to give bim $500. and of making the same the order of the day for this That was the allegation; but the fact was in evidence day, and each succeeding, day, except Fridays and that, either through contrivance or ignorance, the sur Saturdays, at half past 12 o'clock, until disposed of. veyor did not commence at the proper point, and the Mr. BOYD rose to a point of order. He wished to inschool section was thrown into one corner.]
quire whether the gentleman from New York had the The question recurring on ordering the bill to a third right to cut off a subject which was first in the order of reading,
business at this time. Mr. ADAMS contended that, inasmuch as the bill in The SPEAKER said it was in order for a member to volved the subject of pre-emption, and referred also to move to suspend the rule. If the House refused to sus. the school section, or public land and public property, pend, the Chair would announce the regular order of it ought to be committed. He therefore moved its ref- business; and, when the annunciation was made, the generence to a Committee of the Whole House.
tleman from Kentucky would be entitled to the floor. Mr. MERCER replied by remarking that the public Mr. BOYD called for the yeas and nays on the motion features of the bill grew out of the nature of the pri- to suspend the rule. vate claim, and were not per se of a public nature.
A great variety of motions were made to amend the Mr. HARRISON, of Missouri, also remarked that the motion of Mr. CAMBRELENG, by the addition of other bill provided for nothing more than a change of the bills. Several of the said motions were rejected, and claimant's claim.
others were pending, when Mr. CHAMBERS, of Kentucky, was perfectly satis Mr. OWENS moved the previous question. fied of the justice of the claim, from the explanation he And the House seconded the call: Yeas 75, nays 71. had heard, and thought the bill should pass instanter. So there was a second. The claimant had been deprived of his right because he And the main question was ordered to be now put: refused to give a bribe to the surveyor.
Yeas 77, nays 60. Mr. ADAMS contended that they ought not to give The House ordered the yeas and nays on the main away their public property because a man bad been de question. prived of his rights through the roguery of a public offi. And the main question, being on the motion of Mr. cer, at least not without a fuller examination if the alle | CAMBRELENG to suspend the rule to proceed to the congation were true. The title to the bill was not the sideration of the bills enumerated in his motion, was proper one. It purported to be a private bill, whereas, taken, and decided in the negative: Yeas 113, nays 74. he maintained, it was clearly a public one.
So the House refused to suspend the rule.