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Elihu McNiel,

Alpheus S. Greene,

Azel W. Danforth.


Conrad Swackhamer, Tunis G. Bergen, Henry C. Murphy.


Russell Parish.


William H. Spencer, Allen Ayrault.


Federal Dana, Benjamin F. Bruce.


Enoch Strong,
Harry Backus,
Frederick F. Backus.


John Bowdish,
John Nellis.


Wm. S. Conely,
Solomon Townsend,
George S. Mann,
Henry Nicoll,
John H. Kennedy,
Charles O'Conor,
Alexander F. Vache,
Samuel J. Tilden,
Benjamin F. Cornell,
John L. Stephens,
David R. F. Jones,
Lorenzo B. Shepard,
John H. Hunt,
Campbell P. White,
Robert H. Morris,
Stephen Allen.

John W. McNitt,
Hiram Gardner.


Charles P. Kirkland, Hervey Brayton, Julius Candee,

Edward Huntington.


Elijah Rhodes,
Cyrus H. Kingsley,
David Munro,
William Taylor.


Robert C. Nicholas, Alvah Worden.

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[The following amendment to the constitution was proposed by the legislature in 1853, agreed to by a majority of the members elected to each of the two houses for that year, referred to the legislature to be chosen at the next general election of senators (the legislature of 1854), published for three months previous to making such choice, agreed to by a majority of the members elected to each house of the legislature (the legislature of 1854), submitted to the people, and approved and ratified at an election held on the third Wednesday of February, 1854.]

[Substitute for section three, of article seven, the following:]

pay interest

principal in 18

After paying the said expenses of collection, superintendence and repairs of the canals, and the sums appropriated by the first and second sections of this article, there shall be appropriated and set apart in each fiscal year, out of the surplus revenues of the canals, as a sinking fund, a sum sinking fund to sufficient to pay the interest as it falls due, and extinguish and extinguish the principal within eighteen years, of any loan made under years. this section; and if the said sinking fund shall not be sufficient to redeem any part of the principal at the stipulated times of payment, or to pay any part of the interest of such loan, as stipulated, the means to satisfy any such deficiency shall be procured on the credit of the said sinking fund. After complying with the foregoing provisions, there shall be paid annually out of said revenues, into the treasury of the state, two hundred thousand dollars, to defray the necessary expenses of government. remainder shall, in each fiscal year, be applied to meet appropriations for the enlargement and completion of the canals mentioned in this section, until the said canals shall be completed. In each fiscal year thereafter the remainder shall be disposed of in such a manner as the legislature may direct, but shall at no time be anticipated or pledged for more than one year in advance. The legislature shall annually, during the next four years, appropriate to the enlargement of the Erie, the Oswego, the Cayuga and Seneca canals, and to the completion of the Black River and Genesee Valley canals, and for the enlargement of the locks on the Champlain canal, whenever from dilapidation or decay it shall be necessary to rebuild them, sum not

$200,000 pava ble annually The out of revenues

into treasury.

Legislature to borrow $1,500,


Provisions of

12 not to apply

to loans autho

rized by this section.

exceeding two millions two hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The remainder of the revenues of the canals, for the current fiscal year in which such appropriation is made, shall be applied to meet such appropriation; and if the same shall be deemed insufficient, the legislature shall at the same session provide for the deficiency by loan. The legislature shall also borrow one million and five hundred thousand dollars to refund to the holders of the canal revenue certificates, issued under the provisions of chapter four hundred and eighty-five of the Laws of the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, the amount received into the treasury thereon. But no interest to accrue after July first, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, shall be paid on such certificates. The provisions of section twelve of this article, requiring every law for borrowing money to be submitted to the people, shall not apply to loans authorized by this section. No part of the revenues of the canals, or of the funds borrowed under this section, shall be paid or applied upon or in consequence of any alleged contract made under chapter four hundred and eighty-five of the Laws of the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, except to pay for work done or materials furnished prior to the first day of June, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two. The rates of toll on persons or property transported on the canals shall not be reduced below those for the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two, except by the canal board, with the concurrence of the legislature. All contracts for work or materials on any canal shall be made with the person who shall offer to do or provide the same at the lowest price, with adequate security for their performance.







The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:


SECTION 1. Title of Code.

2. Division of Code.

3. Sovereignty of state.

4. Who are the people.
5. Who are citizens.
6. Residence and domicil.

7. Domicil, how determined.

8. All persons within the state subject to its jurisdiction.

9. Allegiance.

10. Renouncing allegiance.

11. Persons not citizens.

12. General rights.

13. Eligibility to office.

14. Rights and duties of persons not electors.

15. Of citizens of other states.

16. Of aliens.

17. Transient aliens and citizens of other states, when not

liable to tax.

18. Trade with belligerent state.

19. Other rights not affected by state of war.

Title of Code.

Division of

SECTION 1. This act shall be known as the POLITICAL CODE OF THE STATE OF NEW York.

§ 2. This Code is divided into four parts:

The FIRST declares what persons compose the people of the state, and the political rights and duties of all persons subject to its jurisdiction;

The SECOND defines the territory of the state and its civil divisions;

The THIRD relates to the general government of the state, the functions of its public officers, its public ways, its general police and civil polity;

The FOURTH relates to the local government of counties, cities, towns and villages.

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