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vessel that had never previously gone through the operation. With practice, a destroyer could no doubt connect up in 10 minutes.
In rough sea the fuel vessel makes a lea, taking sea a little forward of beam. In smooth weather a destroyer can be taken on each side while steaming 8 to 10 knots, one vessel connecting up while the other is having oil delivered. When towing abreast, both vessels are entirely and instantly under full control of their engines and helm. Lines can be cast adrift without danger of fouling screws. The whole operation can be viewed by the captain from the bridge of each vessel, and the two vessels are in direct verbal communication all of the time that they are close to each other. In towing astern or from the quarter, this is not the case, and unless the officer in control of either vessel can see fully what the other is doing, difficulties are likely to be presented.
With fuel vessels thus arranged as mentioned above, a fleet can maintain the sea indefinitely. Fueling cannot be attempted in very rough weather, but a fairly smooth sea can usually be found in the course of several days, except in specially tempestuous waters.
The method employed with destroyers can be used for much larger vessels, though perhaps it could not be done in as rough a sea.
Change in Board
Captain David Potter PC., U. S. Navy, tendered his resignation as a member of the Board of Control, and his resignation was accepted by the Board with regret on
August 12, 1919.
Life, regular and associate membership, 5652. Membership New members: 7. Resignations: 27. Dropped:
9. Deaths: (15)
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ANNAPOLIS, MD., AUGUST 15, 1919.
I (2) 1666
LIEUT. COMMANDER WALLACE L. LIND, U. S. Navy
France NAVAL POLICY.
Great Britain PERSONNEL.
1615 ..1616 . 1620
1632 1640 .1645 . 1651 1652
FRANCE French Naval POLICY.—It goes without saying that a power's use of its colonies depends on the command of the sea. The lessons of the war have combined with the financial situation and the temporary suppression of the German Navy in completely changing the naval policy of France. Previous to the war the Republic built mainly battleships, “arbitres des batailles,” and neglected scouts and other fleet auxiliaries. Gunnery was considered to be the deciding factor and speed was systematically sacrificed. To-day the bulk of French admirals favor the application by France of the famous principles of Admiral Aube, the founder of the "jeune école,” who, some thirty years since, advocated thať the most reliable elements of strength in a navy reside in “le nombre, la vitesse, l'invulnerabilité, la spécialization.” The able Admiral Daveluy, chief exponent in France of the doctrines of Mahan, has been convinced by the war and come round to those views. He is urging the construction by France of numerous submarines, of swarms of bombing seaplanes and of the fastest destroyers and light cruisers in the world, speed having been proved the most important element of success. With the exception of England, no power enjoys a strategic position so favorable as that of France for the utilization of flotillas, especially of aviation, that instrument of control of narrow seas. Admiral Ronarch (fifty-four years of age), the glorious hero of Dixmude, is to realize the new program.-Army and Navy Journal, 8/ 16.
THE BLACK SEA MUTINY.—The Minister of Marine made an excellent speech before the House concerning the unhappy events in the Black Sea. He set himself the task of establishing the true facts with precision, and to examine into the causes with a high degree of impartiality. His clear explanations wherein his sense of his official responsibilities is attuned to his humane sense of the circumstances, are of the kind to give one a proper appreciation of the events, and also to restore calm. He concluded as follows:
“One conclusion is deduced from these facts. The events in the Black Sea must be considered from a viewpoint taking into account all the cir