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IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington this 25th day of November in the
year of our Lord nineteen hundred and thirty-three, and (SEAL] of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and fifty-eighth.
FRANKLIN D ROOSEVELT
DATE OF REPEAL OF THE EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT
December 5, 1933.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitu. tion, repeal.
WHEREAS the Congress of the United States in second session of the Seventy-second Congress, begun at Washington on the fifth day of December in the year one thousand nine hundred and thirty-two, adopted a resolution in the words and figures following, to wit:
“JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
“Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is hereby proposed as
ndment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by conventions in three-fourths of the several States:
"Article“Section 1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.
“Sec. 2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.
“Sec. 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.'”
WHEREAS section 217 (a) of the act of Congress entitled "AN ACT To encourage national industrial recovery, to foster competition, and to provide for the construction of certain useful public works, and for other purposes", approved June 16, 1933, provides as follows: “Sec. 217. (a) The President shall proclaim the date of
(1) the close of the first fiscal year ending June 30 of any year after the year 1933, during which the total receipts of the United States (excluding public-debt receipts) exceed its total expenditures (excluding public-debt expenditures other than those chargeable against such receipts), or
(2) the repeal of the eighteenth amendment to the Constitu
National Industrial Recovery Act.
Ante, p. 208.
whichever is the earlier."
WHEREAS it appears from a certificate issued December 5, 1933, by the Acting Secretary of State that official notices have been received in the Department of State that on the fifth day of December 1933 conventions in 36 States of the United States, constituting three fourths of the whole number of the States had ratified the said repeal amendment;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, Presi- proclaimed repeal date. dent of the United States of America, pursuant to the provisions of section 217 (a) of the said act of June 16, 1933, do hereby proclaim that the eighteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was repealed on the fifth day of December 1933.
FURTHERMORE, I enjoin upon all citizens of the United States greater respect for law and upon others resident within the jurisdiction thereof to cooperate and order enjoined. with the Government in its endeavor to restore greater respect for law and order, by confining such purchases of alcoholic beverages as they may make solely to those dealers or agencies which have been duly licensed by State or Federal license.
Observance of this request, which I make personally to every individual and every family in our Nation, will result in the consumption of alcoholic beverages which have passed Federal inspection, in the break-up and eventual destruction of the notoriously evil illicit liquor traffic, and in the payment of reasonable taxes for the support of Government and thereby in the superseding of other forms of taxation.
I call specific attention to the authority given by the twenty-first amendment to the Government to prohibit transportation or importation of intoxicating liquors into any State in violation of the laws of such State.
I ask the whole-hearted cooperation of all our citizens to the end that this return of individual freedom shall not be accompanied by the repugnant conditions that obtained prior to the adoption of the eighteenth amendment and those that have existed since its adoption. Failure to do this honestly and courageously will be a living reproach to us all.
I ask especially that no State shall by law or otherwise authorize the return of the saloon either in its old form or in some modern guise.
The policy of the Government will be to see to it that the social and political evils that have existed in the pre-prohibition era shall not be revived nor permitted again to exist. We must remove forever from our midst the menace of the bootlegger and such others as would profit at the expense of good government, law, and order.
I trust in the good sense of the American people that they will not bring upon themselves the curse of excessive use of intoxicating liquors, to the detriment of health, morals, and social integrity.
The objective we seek through a national policy is the education of every citizen towards a greater temperance throughout the Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. DONE at the City of Washington this fifth day of December, in the
year of our Lord nineteen hundred and thirty-three, and of (SEAL] the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and fifty-eighth.
FRANKLIN D ROOSEVELT
Acting Secretary of State.
Tariff on fish, packed WHEREAS under and by virtue of section 336 of title III, part II,
of the act of Congress approved June 17, 1930 (46 Stat. 590, 701), statutory authoriza- entitled "AN ACT To provide revenue, to regulate commerce with Vol. 46, p. 701. foreign countries, to encourage the industries of the United States, to
protect American labor, and for other purposes”, the United States
WHEREAS in the course of said investigation hearings were held,
WHEREAS the Commission has reported to the President the
WHEREAS in the judgment of the President such rates of duty are
to equalize such differences in costs of production:
dent of the United States of America, do hereby approve and proclaim
be necessary to equalize such differences in costs of production:
of title I of said act on tuna fish, prepared or preserved in any manner,
An increase in the rate of duty expressly fixed in paragraph 718.(a)
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. DONE at the City of Washington this fourteenth day of December,
in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and thirty-three, (SEAL and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and fifty-eighth.
FRANKLIN D ROOSEVELT
Acting Secretary of State.
[COINAGE OF SILVER]
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
December 21, 1933.
Ante, p. 52.
WHEREAS, by paragraph (2) of section 43, title III, of the Act of Coinage of silver. Congress, approved May 12, 1933 (Public No. 10), the President is authorized “By proclamation to fix the weight of the gold dollar in grains nine-tenths fine and also to fix the weight of the silver dollar in grains nine-tenths fine at a definite fixed ratio in relation to the gold dollar at such amounts as he finds necessary from his investigation to stabilize domestic prices or to protect the foreign commerce against the adverse effect of depreciated foreign currencies, and to provide for the unlimited coinage of such gold and silver at the ratio so fixed,
*"; and WHEREAS, from investigations made by me, I find it necessary, prices pos tection in aid of the stabilization of domestic prices and in accordance with the against depreciated for policy and program authorized by Congress, which are now being eign currencies, etc. administered, and to protect our foreign commerce against the adverse effect of depreciated foreign currencies, that the price of silver be enhanced and stabilized; and
WHEREAS, a resolution presented by the Delegation of the United Resolution of World States of America was unanimously adopted at the World Economic tary Conference. and Monetary Conference in London on July 20, 1933, by the representatives of sixty-six Governments, which in substance provided that Governments will abandon the policy and practice of melting up or debasing silver coins; that low valued silver currency be replaced with silver coins and that no legislation should be enacted that will depreciate the value of silver; and
WHEREAS, a separate and supplemental agreement was entered separate agreements into, at the instance of the representatives of the United States, using countries.
Limitations im. between China, India, and Spain, the holders and users of large posedo quantities of silver, on the one hand, and Australia, Canada, Mexico, Peru, and the United States on the other hand, as the chief producers of silver, wherein China agreed not to dispose of any silver derived from the melting up or debasement of silver coins,and India agreed not to dispose of over 35,000,000 ounces of silver per annum during a period of four years commencing January 1, 1934, and Spain agreed not to dispose of over 5,000,000 ounces of silver annually during said
period, and both of said Governments agreed that at the end of said period of four years they would then subject themselves to the general resolution adopted at the London Conference, and in consideration of such limitation it was agreed that the Governments of the five producing countries would each absorb from the mines in their respective countries a certain amount of silver, the total amount to be absorbed by said producing countries being 35,000,000 ounces per annum during the four years commencing the 1st day of January,1934; that such silver so absorbed would be retained in each of said respective countries for said period of four years, to be used for coinage purposes or as reserves for currency, or to otherwise be retained and kept off the world market during such period of time, it being understood that of the 35,000,000 ounces the United States was to absorb annually at least 24,421,410 ounces of the silver produced in the United States during such period
of time. Necessity declared. NOW, THEREFORE, finding it proper to cooperate with other Estecution of agree Governments and necessary to assist in increasing and stabilizing ments.
domestic prices, to augment the purchasing power of peoples in silverusing countries, to protect our foreign commerce against the adverse effect of depreciated foreign currencies, and to carry out the understanding between the sixty-six Governments that adopted the resolution hereinbefore referred to; by virtue of the power in me vested by the Act of Congress above cited, the other legislation designated for
national recovery, and by virtue of all other authority in me vested; Directing opening of I, FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, President of the United States newly mined domestic of America, do proclaim and direct that each United States coinage silver.
mint shall receive for coinage into standard silver dollars any silver which such mint, subject to regulations prescribed hereunder by the Secretary of the Treasury, is satisfied has been mined, subsequently
to the date of this proclamation, from natural deposits in the United Seigniorago, etc., States or any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof. The Director charges.
of the Mint, with the voluntary consent of the owner, shall deduct and retain of such silver so received fifty percent as seigniorage and for
services performed by the Government of the United States relative Fifty percent to be to the coinage and delivery of silver dollars. The balance of such silsilver dollars. ver so received, that is, fifty percent thereof, shall be coined into stand
ard silver dollars and the same, or an equal number of other standard
silver dollars, shall be delivered to the owner or depositor of such silver. Remainder to be re. The fifty percent of such silver so deducted shall be retained as bullion ception.
by the Treasury and shall not be disposed of prior to the thirty-first day of December, 1937,
except for coining into United States coins. Regulations to be The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to prescribe regulations Vol. 40, p. 535. to carry out the purposes of this proclamation. Such regulations
shall contain provisions substantially similar to the provisions contained in the regulations made pursuant to the Act of Congress, approved April 23, 1918, (40 Statutes at Large, page 535), known as tho Pittman Act, with such changes as he shall determine prescribing how silver mined, subsequently to the date of this proclamation from natural deposits in the United States or any place subject to the juris
diction thereof, shall be identified. Duration.
This proclamation shall remain in force and effect until the thirty-first day of December, 1937, unless repealed or modified by Act of Congress
'or by subsequent proclamation. Ratio to be main The present ratio in weight and fineness of the silver dollar to the tained. U.S.C., p. 995. gold dollar shall, for the purposes of this proclamation, be maintained
until changed by further order or proclamation. Right reserved. Notice is hereby given that I reserve the right by virtue of the
authority vested in me to revoke or modify this proclamation as the interest of the United States may seem to require.