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BY THE WAY (Continued)

insert a valve so as to shut off the supply of oil that was feeding the flame. This was accomplished by one man, who, by means of an asbestos suit, cut the tunnel, successfully accomplishing the greater part of the work himself, while the oil companies had, it is said, five thousand men at work to prevent the spreading of the fire."

William M. Evarts, declares Chauncey M. Depew in "Scribner's," was the wittiest man he ever met. An example of the famous lawyer's wit given by Mr. Depew is the following: Evarts was very proud of his farm in Vermont. Among his treasures there was a drove of prize pigs. He sent Chief Justice Waite a copy of his eulogy on Waite's predecessor, Salmon P. Chase, and at the same time a choice ham, saying in his letter, "My dear Chief Justice, I send you to-day one of my prize hams and also my eulogy on Chief Justice Chase, both the products of my pen."

"What is the marking on the side of a steamer that looks like the sign on the end of a Uneeda biscuit carton?" is a question asked in a nautical magazine. The answer is:

"That is the Plimsoll mark, or sailor's safeguard, originated by Samuel Plim

Real Estate


soll of Bristol, England, and adopted by Act of Parliament to protect insurance

companies from dishonest shippers who A daily flood of inquiries

criminally over-loaded unseaworthy ships, over-insured them and then sent them out to their doom in the seas. Even though sailors have signed articles they cannot be compelled to sail on a ship loaded deeper than this mark. position is mathematically accurate, being figured on the form, displacement and cargo-carrying capacity of the ship. It has been adopted by all countries."


From the "Telephone Review:" First Operator "Has Marjorie any education along musical lines?" Second Operator-"I should say so! Name any record and she can tell you what's on the other side."

"How about the new heaves medicine you tried?" asks Farmer No. 1 in "Farm Life."

"Well, you know that feller said it cured by gettin' at the cause," answers No. 2.

"Yep, I remember."

"I figured it out since that he was right. Breathin' is the cause of heaves —that is, it's only when a horse breathes that he heaves."

"I getcha."

"Well, two doses o' that stuff plumb cured my horse of breathin'."


PLAYS, musical comedies and revues, minstrel choruses, blackface skits, vaude

FOR SALE $3,500|ville acts, monologs, dialogs, recitations,

Two small houses over one hundred years old. One known as "The Blushing Bunny Inn," containing living-room and two bedrooms each having large open fireplace, kitchen bedroom, kitchen and cellar.

Other house contains living-room with large fireplace, two bedrooms, attractive northlight studio and two bedrooms in attic, hall, kitchenette and cellar. Good soii for garden, beautiful country, two miles from Hopewell Junction, Dutchess Co., N. Y., and sixteen miles from Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 6,229, Outlook.

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ARITHMETIC AND FUN. Do you want your child to learn arithmetic extraordinarily fast? A wonderful invention gets him through in one-fourth the usual time. Equally valuable for slow or brilliant children. Children wild about it. Send $1

for DRILL-TEST. Tell child's age and grade. Money back if not satisfied. Agents wanted. Educational Device Co., 527 West 125th St., New York.

EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES WANTED-Competent teachers for public and private schools. Calls coming every day. Send for circulars. Albany Teachers' Agency, Albany, N. Y.

FOR THE HOME LADIES, buy presto cloths. Cleans and polishes silver, nickel, aluminum, etc. Guaranteed not to scratch. Sample 10c. Regular size, sixteen times larger, 40c. Harry F. lis, Green Island, N. Y.

entertainments, musical readings, stage handbooks, make-up goods. Big catalog free. T. S. Denison & Co., 623 So. Wabash, Dept. 74, Chicago.

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Business Situations WANTED-Cultured woman, with experience to take charge of the housekeeping department of a music school settlement. Correspondence invited with an executive personality who likes social contact as well as domestic atmosphere. 896, Outlook. WANTED, a matron in an oral school for the deaf. 884, Outlook.

Companions and Domestic Helpers WANTED Housekeeper. One able to supervise a home employing several maids. -897, Outlook.

POSITION as assistant to lady superintendent of children's home under care of American Board. Applicant should be refined woman of mature years, capable housekeeper, friend of children, moderate education, and assured Christian character. Apply 901, Outlook.

WANTED-Nurse for child age three. No other children. Congenial surroundings. University town central New York State. Cheerful disposition, good health essential. Permanent position, good wages assured. Write, stating age, experience, wages desired. 915, Outlook.

Teachers and Governesses UNDERSTUDY FOR MOTHER-NURSERY GOVERNESS, COMPANION NURSE for entire charge girl of six and boys of eleven and fourteen, all in school. Give references and full particulars. 906, Outlook.

YOUNG woman of refinement to manage children in Protestant family. No housework. Address Mrs. W. O. Badger, 99 Argyle Road, Brooklyn. Telephone Flatbush 901.

at a cost of only 7 cents each

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in response to a small classified advertisement in The Outlook

Compare the following actual cost to a certain mail-order house of inquiries to advertisements in four of the leading American weeklies:

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Business Situations

YOUNG university graduate, male. shorthand and typewriting, has studied French and Spanish abroad, wishes to connect with tourist agency or position as secretary or tutor. Excellent references. 885, Outlook.

SECRETARY to woman. College graduate, stenographer, bookkeeper, shopper. Seven years' experience. Exceptional references. Part or whole time. 890, Outlook.

YOUNG woman, college graduate, knowledge of shorthand and typewriting. Experienced. 916, Outlook.

SECRETARY, hospital graduate, now in doctor's office, changing position. Knowledge common essentials; adaptable; good conditions. 909, Outlook.

Companions and Domestic Helpers

WANTED, by an experienced woman of ability and pleasant personality, a position as housemother, housekeeper, or other executive position in summer camp for girls or boys for season of 1922. Satisfactory references upon request. Address 821, Outlook.

MANAGING companion or secretary to elderly couple or lady living alone where refinement, education, responsibility, appreciated. Mitchell, 118 Montague St., Brooklyn, N. Y.

WOMAN, refined, educated, middle-aged, reliable, Protestant, seeks position as chaperon, companion, caretaker of aged couple, or housemother. 886, Outlook.

YOUNG man, 25, pianist, speaks French and German, desires position after April 20 as traveling or home companion or tutor. References. 904, Outlook.

YOUNG American woman, experienced, educated, desires position going to Havana. Nurse to children or invalid; companion; secretary. 908, Outlook.

LADY with several years' experience in her own and other homes, wishes work as companion-housekeeper in large or small household. Is efficient, sensible, adaptable, companionable, unencumbered, and will go anywhere. 893, Outlook.

FRENCH woman, Protestant, with long experience as teacher in American girls' school, wishes to chaperon one or two girls, or to conduct family to France next summer. Especially attractive trips planned for Brittany and Auvergne. Answer, 895, Outlook.

MANAGING housekeeper, companion, secretary, chaperon-Position desired by woman, adaptable, cultured, energetic. Capable of meeting any exigency. Excellent shopper. Refined and congenial environment essential. 902, Outlook.

CAPABLE, educated woman, experienced in European travel, desires position as traveling companion for the summer. Highest references. Address 905, Outlook.

WANTED, by capable, educated woman, day time position in New York City as secre tary-companion. Is musical, literary, fitted to be executive secretary or hostess housekeeper; or would chaperon young lady student. References excellent. 907, Outlook.

New York City

SITUATIONS WANTED Companions and Domestic Helpers NURSE, refined, for semi-invalid or elderly person going to California; South; traveling. References. 889, Outlook.

QUIET, refined young woman would like a position as child's nurse or mother's helper. Experienced. 891, Outlook.

SECRETARY-teacher, eight years' private school, will act as secretary, companion. or governess. Will travel. Available now. 913, Outlook.

TRAVELING COMPANION. Position wanted as traveling companion for lady for summer months in Europe, by capable, amia ble, and intelligent lady accustomed to work as companion and secretary. Can drive car. Best of references. References required. 914. Outlook.

WANTED, by woman of refinement. posi tion as housekeeper; experienced in care of children. 910, Outlook.

Teachers and Governesses INTELLIGENT young woman, college graduate, experienced in care of children, wishes position as governess June 10-September 1. Travel preferred. Tutor French. German, Excellent references. 888, Outlook

YOUNG English nursery governess desires position, one or two children. Traveling preferred. Highest references. 892. Outlook.


MISS Guthman, New York shopper, will shop for you, services free. No samples References. 309 West 99th St.

BOYS wanted. 500 boys wanted to sell The Outlook each week. No investment necessary. Write for selling plan, Carrier Department, The Outlook Company, 381 Fourth Ave.. New York City.

BOOKKEEPING in a week. Dukes, Fox Street Station, New York.

SUNNYSIDE House-Home school and nursery for happy children, 1-10. Open all year. Intelligent care. Refined environment. Moderate terms. Non-sectarian. Box 68. Babylon, L. I.

DEFECTIVE CHILD-Two experienced. successful motherly women will give personal care and helpful training to defective child in private country home, one hour's ride from New York City; references and details upon response. HELEN C. BRADLEY, West Passaic Ave., near Day St., Bloomfield, N. J. LADY going to Europe wishes to reduce Graduate traveling expense by service. nurse. Served with Red Cross in France. 899, Outlook.

WANTED-One or two small children to board in country. References. Address 900, Outlook.

CHILD to board. Refined Christian family will board normal healthy child under 1 years. Excellent environment mother's care. References required. Short distance from Baltimore or Washington. Write I. G.. General Delivery, Frederick, Md.

The Victor Record Catalog is the world's greatest catalog of music

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From its 486 pages come to you the most famous artists of this generation. Here are listed their offerings-here you will find cataloged the greatest music the world has produced. In this book are also portraits and biographies and interesting information which help to a better appreciation of all music.

Do you know, for instance, the story of La Boheme, and which two composers wrote operas of that name?

Did you know that James Whitcomb Riley himself recited some of his poems for Victor Records?

Can you name the great composer who though born in Germany is buried in Westminster Abbey?

Did you know Mozart wrote a concerto when but six years of age?

Can you recall the principal numbers in the Mikado and Pinafore?

Get a copy of this new Victor Record Catalog. It is a book that interests every one, and you can have a copy free at any Victor dealer's. Or write to us for it.



Victor Talking Machine Company, Camden, N. J.

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'HE growing desire for universal brotherhood is evident in the awakening of religious devotion and the upbuilding of temples of worship wherein this spirit may be more fully cultivated.

Surely there is no greater opportunity to give expression to this feeling than to assist in the adornment of our houses of worship with memorials to this purpose carved from age-enduring oak.

The panelled illustration above is merely a suggestion of the varied possibilities thus afforded. A gift to the church of some beautiful work of ecclesiastical art in the form of pulpit, altar, or other fitment in memory of some loved one, or to beautify the edifice, is an old and revered custom.

In the selection of an appropriate piece for a particular purpose, we offer our services without obligation. The most critical and competent judges of Ecclesiastical Art in America have long since evidenced their faith in our preeminence in this field. A commission entrusted to us, however simple or elaborate, will be faithfully executed. Write for our special book of suggestions containing illustrations of many and varied examples of the work of our wood carving studios.

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Melanie Bauer...

A Basic Industry...

A Great American Ambassador..

Pope Benedict XV...

By Lyman Abbott

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ORD BRYCE was the greatest mod


ern interpreter of democracy. Tocqueville eighty-five years ago described in his famous book "Democracy in America" how the democratic revolution that had been smoldering in Europe broke into a clear, steady flame in America; Bryce in his "American Commonwealth" and his recent "Modern Democracies" explained and analyzed the institutions of democracy as they developed under actual experience.

Bryce, in a sense, introduced America to Europe. In England especially the lack of knowledge about American political and governmental systems was deplorable. Lord Bryce himself on one occasion said of his "American Commonwealth:" "I wrote it for Europeans, those benighted Europeans who did not know what America was and what she would become."

Lord Bryce as a writer was that rather rare combination-a scholar who was not scholastic. His early book on "The Holy Roman Empire" is a fine example of that fact. His lucidity and literary sense of proportion and construction are seen in his lighter studies in biography and observation, as well as in his most important work, which he long since lived to see become a standard authority, a college text-book, and one of those library companions that all cultivated people read for thought as well as for workmanship.

Lord Bryce interpreted democracy well because he believed in it so thoroughly. He was not a radical, but he saw advancing civilization in the terms of democracy and not of autocracy or aristocracy. The English unwritten Constitution and the American fundamental law in a written Constitution were to him different means to the same general end. Because he was sane, balanced, and moderate his influence upon his time has been strong and abiding. If he criticised American political faults and weaknesses, he also praised judiciously. His last book, for instance, reported his belief that there are now in America "many signs that the sense of public duty has grown stronger and that the standards of public life are rising."

Viscount Bryce died at Sidmouth, England, on January 22, at the age of eighty-four, after a brief illness. His vivacity, his gift of brilliant talk, his

FEBRUARY 1, 1922

(C) Underwood

eagerness and energy in all things intellectual and of public importance, continued with him during his late years. Few men had more or warmer admirers in all the great English-speaking countries than Lord Bryce. In the United States in particular he was so well known from his several visits and his residence at Washington as British Ambassador (1907-12) that he might almost be called an adopted American citizen. Certainly this country has

never had a wiser or steadier friend of another nationality than he.

To enumerate Lord Bryce's honors, public offices, books, and achievements would be superfluous. In literature, statesmanship, and government he was a man of endless activity; his teaching was often in advance of his generation, yet he lived to see his wisdom recognized and in large measure followed. To name but a few salient points in his career, we may note that he was Regius Professor of Civil Law at Oxford, UnderSecretary of State for Foreign Affairs, President of the Board of Trade, President of the Alpine Club (he was an enthusiastic mountain climber), Chief Secretary for Ireland, Ambassador to the United States, and that he was honored with titles from the Universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow, Oxford, Harvard, Princeton, Michigan, and probably a dozen others.

The title of Viscount was conferred upon James Bryce after his retiral from the Ambassadorship at Washington. In the war he did a great public service by acting as the head of a commission which investigated scrupulously and exhaustively many charges of atrocious and illegal conduct by German soldiers and officers in Belgium and northern France. The result was a report that went far to convince the world that not only Germans individually but the German Government were guilty of terrible violations of international law and the laws of humanity.

The fundamental principle of Lord Bryce's political creed was well expressed by him last year in England when in a public address he said, using America as an example of world democracy: "Freedom in America, as elsewhere, has been at some moments abused, at others undermined or secretly filched away; but the pride in freedom and the trust in the saving and healing power of freedom have never failed her people, and have enabled them many a time to recover what they seemed to be losing. It is by these moral forces that nations live."

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tax revision. We soon got a so-called Emergency Tariff Law, a measure affecting only a very few items. Consideration of a so-called "permanent tariff law" was begun, but the House took all the summer and the autumn to draft and pass its version of what a permanent tariff law should be. It was sent to the Senate with no apologies from the House for its inequalities and deficiencies. The sentiments expressed by the general public indicate that such apologies would not have been out of place.

Meanwhile the situation as to taxation became pressing. A Tax Bill was passed through both houses of Congress and has now been signed by the President. It, too, despite some very good features, is, in general, a disappointing


The Tariff Bill still hangs fire. Not until January 10, 1922, were the Senate hearings completed, so that the Senate Committee on Finance was able to retire to seclusion for the purpose of going over the hearings schedule by schedule. When this is completed and the resulting bill (which may mean a practical rewriting of the House bill) is presented to the Senate, a long-drawn-out and sharply contested fight will doubtless be waged against most schedules by the Democratic minority. What will add particular interest is the prospect that at not a few stages the Democrats will be joined by dissident Republicans.



NDER the Preference Law enacted by Congress in 1919 perhaps a quarter of the appointments in the United States Civil Service have been made from the veteran class. The act applies to all honorably discharged soldiers, sailors, marines, their widows, and the wives of injured soldiers, sailors, and marines who themselves are not physically qualified, but whose wives are qualified to hold Civil Service positions. Preference claimants obtaining a rating of 65 are eligible for appointment (all others are required to obtain a rating of 70) and are certified for appointment before all others.

As the law operates, we learn from the Civil Service Commission, it largely excludes men and women who are not on the preferred list from appointment in the ordinary clerical grades. In certain examinations preference claimants exhaust the openings for appointment. In certain others, it is hardly worth while for those not preferred to compete. The Civil Service Commissioners are of the opinion that the present law is merely "an extremely expensive method of pensioning."



OTHING, except


the matter and given its consent in each individual case." This law applies to be only; it should amended so as to apply to any parks which hereafter may be created.

existing parks Constitutional

amendment, can take from Congress final power over the National expenditures. Congress, however, in passing the Budget Law established a principle which as long as that law is on the statute-books should be faithfully adhered to.

Last week we pointed out that to adhere to this principle in the case of the Weeks Law required the sacrifice of something in which all conservationists heartily believe. If we accept this principle when it proves adverse to an interest with which we sympathize, it gives us all the better right to argue for it when it acts in favor of something else which we approve.

The budget as submitted to Congress contained a request for nearly two million dollars for the Air Mail Service during the next fiscal year. The House of Representatives has passed the annual Post Office Appropriation Bill without this appropriation. The Senate should put the item for the Air Mail back again for two reasons: first, to maintain the principle of the budget, and, second, because the Air Mail Service supplies a vital need.



T last tourists are appreciating our National Parks. Travel in them last year exceeded all previous records. The season brought no less than 1,171,000 visitors to the National Parks and the National Monuments. The increase is indicated by comparing this total with that of some other year-1916, for instance, when there were only some 356,000 visitors.

What is of equal interest, no less than sixty-five per cent of last year's visitors came in private motors, and of these at least half brought their own camp equipment and camped in the free public camp-grounds provided for them.

The visitors have learned to love our National areas as their very own, says the Director of the National Park Survey in his recent report. In no clearer manner, he adds, was this demonstrated than by the immediate protest that rang from one end of the country to the other when efforts were made to utilize some of the streams, lakes, and waterfalls in the parks for commercial purposes. "The action of Congress, as the exponent of the people's wishes, was equally strong and prompt, and as quickly as possible a law was passed that in effect prescribed that no foot of National Park or Monument territory can ever be used for such purposes until and unless Congress itself has thoroughly considered

There are nineteen National Parks and twenty-four National Monuments under the administration of the Interior Department, and ten National Monuments under that of the Department of Agriculture. The Yellowstone National Park, created fifty years ago, is still our best-known National area. Only one park,

the Lafayette (Mount Desert Island) lies east of the Mississippi.

A great National Park-to-Park highway has been designated, including the larger National Parks in the West. As the highway passes through many States, they should mark their sections of it for early improvement, taking advantage of the State and Federal appropriations under the co-operative arrangements provided for by the recently passed Good Roads Act.



QUESTIONNAIRE was sent out lately to three thousand Chicago schoolchildren. Its object was to get some light on the children's tastes and habits as regards moving pictures. The replies were amusing; they were also strongly indicative of the need of supervision of children's attendance at the movies by their parents and of some general and effective editing or censoring of movies that are seen by children. It is not surprising that eighty-seven per cent of the children who answered these queries attend movie performances at least once a week. It is a little surprising to find that the 2,610 pupils of six schools who attend movies spend in the aggregate $920 a week, which would amount in a year to about $46,000.

Attendance two or three times a week was general, and a very large proportion of the children went oftener. The maximum was reached by one boy who answered: "I go to the movies nine times a week-every night and the afternoon on Saturday and Sunday." Mrs. E. L. Moulton, who sent out this questionnaire in behalf of the Illinois Council of Parent-Teacher Associations, comments that the number of such replies as "I always go every Friday night, as there is no school the next day," shows that the children go to the movies Friday night, Saturday, and Sunday about as regularly as the old-fashioned child used to go to Sunday school on Sunday.

Some of the children's answers to the question, "What kind of pictures do you prefer?" were an amusing combination of attempts at what the children thought they ought to say and genuine

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