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A daily flood of inquiries at a cost of only 7 cents each in response to a small classified advertisement in The Outlook
BY THE WAY
soll of Bristol, England, and adopted by (Continued)
Act of Parliament to protect insurance insert a valve so as to shut off the sup
companies from dishonest shippers who ply of oil that was feeding the flame.
criminally over-loaded unseaworthy This was accomplished by one man,
ships, over-insured them and then sent who, by means of an asbestos suit, cut
them out to their doom in the seas. the tunnel, successfully accomplishing Even though sailors have signed articles the greater part of the work himself, they cannot be compelled to sail on a while the oil companies had, it is said,
ship loaded deeper than this mark. Its five thousand men at work to prevent
position is mathematically accurate, bethe spreading of the fire."
ing figured on the form, displacement William M. Evarts, declares Chauncey
and cargo-carrying capacity of the ship. M. Depew in “Scribner's," was the wit
It has been adopted by all countries.” tiest man he ever met. An example of
From the “Telephone Review:” First the famous lawyer's wit given by Mr.
Operator—"Has Marjorie any education Depew is the following: Evarts was
along musical lines?" Second Operavery proud of his farm in Vermont. tor-"I should say so! Name any recAmong his treasures there was a drove ord and she can tell you what's on the of prize pigs. He sent Chief Justice
other side." Waite copy of his eulogy on Waite's predecessor, Salmon P. Chase, and at
“How about the new heaves medicine the same time a choice ham, saying in you tried?" asks Farmer No. 1 in "Farm his letter, "My dear Chief Justice, I send
Life." you to-day one of my prize hams and "Well, you know that feller said it also my eulogy on Chief Justice Chase,
cured by gettin' at the cause," answers both the products of my pen."
“Yep, I remember." “What is the marking on the side of "I figured it out since that he was a steamer that looks like the sign on the right. Breathin' is the cause of heaves end of a Uneeda biscuit carton?” is a —that is, it's only when horse question asked in a nautical magazine. breathes that he heaves.” The answer is:
"I getcha." "That is the Plimsoll mark, or sailor's "Well, two doses o' that stuff plumb safeguard, originated by Samuel Plim- cured my horse of breathin'."
Compare the following actual cost to a certain mail-order house of inquiries to advertisements in four of the leading American weeklies :
The Outlook - $.07
Literary Digest 1.88 If you manufacture or sell some useful article that may be sold through the mail, you too may find your most responsive and economical outlet through The Outlook. The advertising rate in this section is only ten cents per word. Why not employ this valuable method of locating more buyers of your goods?
The Outlook Company 381 Fourth Avenue New York City
Plattsburg residence, wear lake.
PLAYS, musical comedies and revues,
minstrel choruses, blackface skits, vaudeFOR SALE $3,500 Ville acts, monologs, dialogs, recitations,
Two small houses over one hundred years old. One known as “The Blushing Bunny
handbooks, make-up goods. Big catalog free. Iun, "containing living-room and two bed
T. S. Denison & Co., 623 So. Wabash, Dept. 74,
Chicago. rooms each having large open fireplace, kitchen bedroom, kitchen and cellar. Other house contains living room with large GREETING CARDS fireplace, two bedrooms, attractive northlight studio and two bedrooms in attic, hall, HAND COLORED CARDS FOR ALL kitchenette and cellar. Good soii for garden, OCCASIONS. Unusual and artistic designs. beautiful country, two miles from Hopewell Valentines 15c. Assortment for birthdays, Junction, Dutchess Co., N. Y., and sixteen ten for $1. Sunbeam Gift Shop, Fitzwilliam miles from Poughkeepsie, N.Y. 6,229, Outlook. Depot. N. H. For Sale, a lot for
ROOMS TO RENT City improvements. Correspondence invited. LAKEWOOD-Pleasant rooms, centrally Mrs. A. H. RICKETSON, 127 Brinkerhoff St.
located, to rent, reasonably. 911, Outlook. 118-Acre Farm With 10 Cows Furniture, etc., included; good house, 60-ft.
STATIONERY barn. All $2,500, part cash. Page 24 Free Cata
UNUSUALLY desirable stationery for any Jogue. STROUT FARM AGENCY, 150 BM
type of correspondence. Nassau St., New York City.
200 sheets high
grade note paper and 100 envelopes printed VERMONT
with your name and address postpaid $1.50.
Troy, N. Y.
Business Situations overlooking the Ottaq uechee River. Apply to WANTED-Cultured woman, with experiDr. E. G. BRACKETT, 166 Newbury St., Boston, Mass. ence to take charge of the housekeeping
department of a music school settlement. BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
Correspondence invited with an executive
personality who likes social contact as well COOKING for PROFIT. Earn handsome as domestic atmosphere. 896, Outlook. income; honne cooked food, catering, tea WANTED, a matron in an oral school for rooin, etc. Correspondence course. Am. the deaf. 884, Outlook. School Home Econoinics, Chicago.
Companions and Domestic Helpers EDUCATIONAL INVENTION WANTED Housekeeper. One able to
supervise a home employing several maids. ARITHMETIC AND FUN. Do you want
897, Outlook. your child to learn arithmetic extraordi- POSITION as assistant to lady superintendnarily fast ? A won derful invention gets ent of children's home under care of American him through in one-fourth the usual time. Board. Applicant should be refined woman Equally valuable for slow or brilliant chil- of mature years, capable housekeeper, friend dren. Children wild about it. Send $1 of children, moderatepducation, and assured for DRILL TEST. Tell child's age and Christian character. Apply 901, Outlook. grade. Money back if not satisfied. Agents WANTED-Nurse for child age three. No wanted. Educational Device Co., 527 West other children. Congenial surroundings. 125th St., New York.
University town central New York State.
Cheerful dispositiou, good health essential. EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES Permanent position, good wages assured.
Write, stating age, experience, wages desired. WANTED- Competent teachers for public 915, Outlook. and private schools. Calls coming every day. Send for circulars. Albany Teachers' Agency,
Teachers and Governesses Albany, N. Y.
UNDERSTUDY FOR MOTHER-NUR
SERY GOVERNESS, COMPANION NURSE FOR THE HOME
for entire charge girl of six and boys of eleven
and fourteen, all in school. Give references LADIES, buy presto cloths. Cleans and and full particulars. 906, Outlook. polishes silver, nickel, aluminum, etc. Guar- YOUNG woman of refinement to manage anteed not to scratch. Sample 10c. Regular children in Protestant family. No housework. silt, sixteen times larger, 40c. Harry F.
Address Mrs. W. O. Badger, 99 Argyle Road, lis, Green Island, N. Y.
Brooklyn. Telephone Flatbush 901.
SITUATIONS WANTED Business Situations
Companions and Domestic Helpers YOUNG university graduate, male, short. NURSE, refined, for semi-invalid or elderly hand and typewriting, has studied French person going to California ; South; traveling. and Spanish abroad, wishes to connect with References. 839, Outlook. tourist agency or position as secretary or tutor. Excellent references. 885, Outlook.
QUIET, refined young woman would like a SECRETARY to woman. College graduate, Experienced. 891, Outlook.
position as child's nurse or mother's helper. stenographer, bookkeeper, shopper. Seven years' experience. Exceptional references.
SECRETARY-teacher, eight years' private Part or whole time. 890, Outlook.
school, will act as secretary, companion, or
governess. Will travel. Available now. 913 YOUNG woman, college graduate, knowl- Outlook. edge of shorthand and typewriting. Experienced. 916, Outlook.
TRAVELING COMPANION. Position
wanted as traveling companion for lady for SECRETARY, hospital graduate, now in summer months in Europe, by capable, amia doctor's office, changing position. Knowledge ble, and intelligent lady accustomed to work common esgentials; adaptable; good condi- as companion and secretary. Can drive (ar. tions. 909, Outlook.
Best of references. References required. 911.
Outlook. Companions and Domestic Helpers
WANTED, by woman of refinement, posi. WANTED, by an experienced woman of tion as housekeeper; experienced in care of ability and pleasant personality, a position as children. 910, Outlook. housemother, housekeeper, or other executive position in summer camp for girls or Teachers and Governesses boys for season of 1922. Satisłactory refer
INTELLIGENT young ences upon request. Address 821, Outlook.
graduate, experienc in care of children, MANAGING companion or secretary to elderly couple or lady living alone where
wishes position as governess June 10-Sep
teinber i. Travel preferred. Tutor French refinement, education, responsibility, appre- German. Excellent references. 888, Outlook. ciated. Mitchell, 118 Montague St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
YOUNG English nursery governess desires WOMAN, refined, educated, middle-aged,
position, one or two children. Traveling prereliable, Protestant, seeks position as chap
ferred. Highest references. 892, Outlook. eron, companion, caretaker of aged couple, or housemnother. 886, Outlook. YOUNG man, 25, pianist, speaks French
MISCELLANEOUS and German, desires position after April 20 as MISS Guthman, New York shopper, will traveling or home companion or tutor. Ref- shop for you, services free. No samples erences. 904, Outlook.
References. 309 West 99th St. YOUNG American woman, experienced,
BOYS wanted. 500 boys wanted to sell The educated, desires position going to Havana. Nurse to children or invalid ; companion ;
Outlook each week. No investment necessary.
Write for selling plan, Carrier Department, secretary. 908, Outlook.
The Outlook Company, 381 Fourth Ave., LADY with several years' experience in New York City. her own and other homes, wishes work as BOOKKEEPING in a week. Dukes, Fox companion-housekeeper in large or small Street Station, New York. household. Is efficient, sensible, adaptable,
SUNNYSIDE House-Home school and companionable, unencumbered, and will go anywhere. 893, Outlook.
nursery for happy children, 1-10. Open all
year. Intelligent care. Refined environment FRENCH woman, Protestant, with long Moderate terms. Non-sectarian. Box 68. experience as teacher in American girls Babylon, L. I. school, wishes to chaperon one or two girls, DEFECTIVE CHILD-Two experienced, or to conduct family to France next sum- successful motherly women will give personal mer. Especially attractive trips planned for
care and helpful training to detective child Brittany and Auvergnė. Answer, 895, Outlook.
in private country home, one hour's ride MANAGING hongekeeper, companion, sec
from New York City; references and details retary, chaperon-Position desired by woman,
upon response. HELEN C. BRADLEY, West adaptable, cultured, energetic. Capable of Passaic Ave., near Day St., Blooinfield, N. J. meeting any exigency: Excellent shopper. Refined and congenial environment essen
LADY going to Europe wishes to reduce
Graduate tial. 902, Outlook.
traveling expense by service.
nurse. Served with Red Cross in France CAPABLE, educated woman, experienced 899, Outlook. in European travel, desires position as travel WANTED-One or two small children to ing companion for the summer. Highest ref- board in country. References. Address 900. erences. Address 905, Outlook.
Outlook. WANTED, by capable, educated woman, CHILD to board. Refined Christian family day time position in New York City as secre. will board normal healthy child under 13 tary-companion. Is musical, literary, fitted years. Excellent environment mother's care. to be executive sccretary or hostess house- References required. Short distance from keeper; or would chaperon young lady Baltimore or 'WashingtonWrite 1. G., student. References excellent. 907, Outlook. General Delivery, Frederick, Md.
The Victor Record Catalog is the world's greatest catalog of music
From its 486 pages come to you the most famous artists of this generation. Here are listed their offerings-here you will find cataloged the greatest music the world has produced. In this book are also portraits and biographies and interesting information which help to a better appreciation of all music.
Do you know, for instance, the story of La Boheme, and which two composers wrote operas of that name?
Did you know that James Whitcomb Riley himself recited some of his poems for Victor Records?
Can you name the great composer who though born in Germany is buried in Westminster Abbey ?
Did you know Mozart wrote a concerto when but six years of age ?
Can you recall the principal numbers in the Mikado and Pinafore?
Get a copy of this new Victor Record Catalog. It is a book that interests every one, and you can have a copy free at any Victor dealer's. Or write to us for it.
Victor Talking Machine Company, Camden, N.J.
Copyright, 1922, by The Outlook Company
TABLE OF CONTENTS Vol. 130 February 1, 1922 No. 5
THE OUTLOOK 18 PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 POURTH AVENUE, NEW YORK. LAWRENOR T. ADBOTT, PRESIDENT. N. T. PULSITER, VICE-PRESIDENT FRANK C. HOYT, TREASURER. ERNEST H. ABBOTT, SECRETARY TRAVERS D. CARMAN, ADVERTISING DIRECTOR.
HE growing desire for universal
brotherhood is evident in the
awakening of religious devotion and the upbuilding of temples of worship wherein this spirit may be more fully cultivated. Surely there is no greater opportunity to give expression to this feeling than to assist in the adornment of our
houses of worship with memorials to this purpose carved from age-enduring oak. The panelled illustration above is merely a suggestion of the varied possibilities thus afforded. A gift to the church of some beautiful work of
ecclesiastical art in the form of pulpit, altar, or other fitment in memory of some loved one, or to beautify the edifice, is an old and revered custom. In the selection of an appropriate piece for a particular purpose, we offer our services without obligation. The most critical and competent judges of Ecclesiastical Art in America have long since evidenced their faith in our preeminence in this field. A commission entrusted to us, however simple or elaborate, will be faithfully executed. Write for our special book of suggestions containing illustrations of many and varied examples of the work of our wood carving studios.
James Bryce ....
163 'The Tariff Situation.
163 How the Veterans' Preference Law Works ..
164 The Post Office, Air Mail Service, and Congress...
164 The People Discover the Parks. 164 Children and the Movies.
164 The ... Top of Sovereignty.. 165
Cartoons of the Week The American Friends of Musicians in France.
166 The Real End of the War.
166 Melanie Bauer
166 A Basic Industry...
166 A Great American Ambassador. 167 Pope Benedict XV....
168 By Lyman Abbott The Pope Dies and His Mantle Falls 169 Editorial Correspondence from Washington :
By Ernest Hamlin Abbott
170 II – The National Agricultural Conference ..
173 Portrait Studies of Two Bolshevik Leaders...
174-175 The Agricultural Bloc : What It Is and What It Isn't.....
176 By Arthur Capper The Devil. ....
177 By Arthur B. Rhinow An Island Hero...
178 By Fullerton L. Waldo The Big and the Busy...
179 By George D. Carrington Alaska--the Last of the Frontier.... 180
By W. B. Greeley
185 By 1. Yamagata Killing the Classics...
188 By Hubert V. Coryell American Pyramids Disclosed........ 190
Pictures from an Outlook Reader
191 The New Books....
192 The Manager Takes Counsel.... ... 194
By Norman F. Coleman Contributors' Gallery .....
197 By the Way.......
BY SUBSCRIPTION $5.00 A YEAR. Bingle copies
15 cents each. For foreign subscription to countries in the Postal Union, $6.56.
Address all communications to THE OUTLOOK COMPANY 381 Fourth Avenue
New York City
FEBRUARY 1, 1922
ORD BRYCE was the greatest mod
ern interpreter of democracy. De
Tocqueville eighty-five years ago described in his famous book "Democracy in America" how the democratic revolution that had been smoldering in Europe broke into a clear, steady flame in America; Bryce in his "American Commonwealth" and his recent “Modern Democracies" explained and analyzed the institutions of democracy as they developed under actual experience.
Bryce, in a sense, introduced America to Europe. In England especially the lack of knowledge about American political and governmental systems was deplorable. Lord Bryce himself on one occasion said of his "American Commonwealth:” “I wrote it for Europeans, those benighted Europeans who did not know what America was and what she would become.”
Lord Bryce as a writer was that rather rare combination-a scholar who was not scholastic. His early book on "The Holy Roman Empire" is a fine example of that fact. His lucidity and litera sense of pro ortion and construction are seen in his lighter studies in biography and observation, as well as in his most important work, which he long since lived to see become a standard authority, a college text-book, and one of those library companions that all cultivated people read for thought as well as for workmanship.
Lord Bryce interpreted democracy well because he believed in it so thoroughly. He was not a radical, but he saw advancing civilization in the terms of democracy and not of autocracy or aristocracy. The English unwritten Constitution and the American fundamental law in a written Constitution were to him different means to the same general end. Because he was sane, balanced, and moderate his influence upon his time has been strong and abiding. If he criticised American political faults and weaknesses, he also praised judiciously. His last book, for instance, reported his belief that there are now in America “many signs that the sense of public duty has grown stronger and that the standards of public life are rising."
Viscount Bryce died at Sidmouth, England, on January 22, at the age of eighty-four, after a brief illness. His vivacity, his gift of brilliant talk, his
never had a wiser or steadier friend of another nationality than he.
To enumerate Lord Bryce's honors, public offices, books, and achievements would be superfluous. In literature, statesmanship, and government he was a man of endless activity; his teaching was often in advance of his generation, yet he lived to see his wisdom recognized and in large measure followed. To name but a few salient points in his career, we may note that he was Regius Professor of Civil Law at Oxford, UnderSecretary of State for Foreign Affairs, President of the Board of Trade, President of the Alpine Club (he was an enthusiastic mountain climber), Chief Secretary for Ireland, Ambassador to the United States, and that he was honored with titles from the Universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow, Oxford, Harvard, Princeton, Michigan, and probably a dozen others.
The title of Viscount was conferred upon James Bryce after his retiral from the Ambassadorship at Washington. In the war he did a great public service by acting as the head of a commission which investigated scrupulously and exhaustively many charges of atrocious and illegal conduct by German soldiers and officers in Belgium and northern France. The result was a report that went far to convince the world that not only Germans individually but the German Government were guilty of terrible violations of international law and the laws of humanity.
The fundamental principle of Lord Bryce's political creed was well expressed by him last year in England when in a public address he said, using America as an example of world democracy: "Freedom in America, as elsewhere, has been at some moments abused, at others undermined or secretly filched away; but the pride in freedom and the trust in the saving and healing power of freedom have never failed her people, and have enabled them many a time to recover what they seemed to be losing. It is by these moral forces that nations live.”
the matter and given its consent in each individual case." This law applies to existing parks only; it should amended so as to apply to any parks which hereafter may be created.
There are nineteen National Parks and twenty-four National Monuments under the administration of the Interior Department, and ten National Monuments under that of the Department of Agriculture. The Yellowstone National Park, created fifty years ago, is still our best-known National area. Only one park, the Lafayette (Mount Desert Island) lies east of the Mississippi.
A great National Park-to-Park highway has been designated, including the larger National Parks in the West. As the highway passes through many States, they should mark their sections of it for early improvement, taking advantage of the State and Federal appropriations under the co-operative arrangements provided for by the recently passed Good Roads Act.
tax revision. We soon got a so-called THE POST OFFICE, AIR MAIL
OTHING, except Constitutional tion of a so-called “permanent tariff
IV amendment, can take from Conlaw” was begun, but the House took all
gress final power over the National exthe summer and the autumn to draft
penditures. Congress, however, in passand pass its version of what a perma- ing the Budget Law established a prinnent tariff law should be. It was sent
ciple which as long as that law is on to the Senate with no apologies from
the statute-books should be faithfully the House for its inequalities and defi- adhered to. ciencies. The sentiments expressed by Last week we pointed out that to the general public indicate that such
adhere to this principle in the case of apologies would not have been out of
the Week's Law required the sacrifice place.
of something in which all conservationMeanwhile the situation as to taxa
ists heartily believe. If we accept this tion became pressing. A Tax Bill was
principle when it proves adverse to an passed through both houses of Congress interest with which we sympathize, it and has now been signed by the Presi- gives us all the better right to argue for dent. It, too, despite some very good it when it acts in favor of something features, is, in general, a disappointing else which we approve. measure.
The budget as submitted to Congress The Tariff Bill still hangs fire. Not
contained a request for nearly two milluntil January 10, 1922, were the Senate
ion dollars for the Air Mail Service durhearings completed, so that the Senate
ing the next fiscal year. The House of Committee on Finance was able to retire
Representatives has passed the annual to seclusion for the purpose of going Post Office Appropriation Bill without over the hearings schedule by schedule.
this appropriation. The Senate should When this is completed and the result.
put the item for the Air Mail back again ing bill (which may mean a practical
for two reasons: first, to maintain the rewriting of the House bill) is pre- principle of the budget, and, second, besented to the Senate, a long-drawn-out
cause the Air Mail Service supplies a and sharply contested fight will doubt- vital need. less be waged against most schedules by the Democratic minority. What will add
THE PEOPLE DISCOVER particular interest is the prospect that
THE PARKS at not a few stages the Democrats will T last tourists are appreciating our be joined by dissident Republicans.
National Parks. Travel in them
last year exceeded all previous records. HOW THE VETERANS
The season brought no less than 1,171,PREFERENCE LAW WORKS
000 visitors to the National Parks and YDER the Preference Law enacted by the National Monuments. The increase
Congress in 1919 perhaps a quarter is indicated by comparing this total of the appointments in the United with that of some other year-1916, for States Civil Service have been made instance, when there were only some from the veteran class. The act applies 356,000 visitors. to all honorably discharged soldiers, What is of equal interest, no less than sailors, marines, their widows, and the sixty-five per cent of last year's visitors wives of injured soldiers, sailors, and came in private motors, and of these at marines who themselves are not physi- least half brought their own camp equipcally qualified, but whose wives are ment and camped in the free public qualified to hold Civil Service positions. camp-grounds provided for them. Preference claimants obtaining a rating The visitors have learned to love our of 65 are eligible for appointment (all National areas as their very own, says others are required to obtain a rating of the Director of the National Park Sur70) and are certified for appointment be. vey in his recent report. In no clearer fore all others.
manner, he adds, was this demonstrated As the law operates, we learn from than by the immediate protest that rang the Civil Service Commission, it largely from one end of the country to the other excludes men and women who are not when efforts were made to utilize some on the preferred list from appointment of the streams, lakes, and waterfalls in in the ordinary clerical grades. In cer- the parks for commercial purposes. tain examinations preference claimants "The action of Congress, as the exponent exhaust the openings for appointment. of the people's wishes, was equally In certain others, it is hardly worth strong and prompt, and as quickly as while for those not preferred to compete. possible a law was passed that in effect
The Civil Service Commissioners are prescribed that no foot of National Park of the opinion that the present law is or Monument territory can ever be used merely “an extremely expensive method for such purposes until and unless Conof pensioning."
gress itself has thoroughly considered
CHILDREN AND THE MOVIES
QUESTIONNAIRE was sent out lately
to three thousand Chicago schoolchildren, Its object was to get some light on the children's tastes and habits as regards moving pictures. The replies were amusing; they were also strongly indicative of the need of supervision of children's attendance at the movies by their parents and of some general and effective editing or censoring of movies that are seen by children. It is not surprising that eighty-seven per cent of the children who answered these queries attend movie performances at least once a week. It is a little surprising to find that the 2,610 pupils of six schools who attend movies spend in the aggregate $920 a week, which would amount in a year to about $46,000.
Attendance two or three times a week
Some of the children's answers to the