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gripped with the belief that it was the tensive thinking. I faced several dis I cannot forecast results; your health other fellow who was distant, un agreeable facts about myself. I went might improve, or you might go out, but friendly, suspicious, and critical, until I out with the grim determination to it would go one way or the other with actually came to believe that the al force myself out of my own repression. you quickly." I replied, "I take the lotted portion of warm human friend- I began the warming-up process by the chance." His office door closed, and I ship, happiness, and satisfaction was simple act of compelling myself, if stood at the parting of the ways at the never meant for me. I had some few necessary, to really smile. My first at "turning point." The highway leading friends of course, but the rank and file tempts were met with ill-concealed sur to the university, as it turned out, was of humanity with whom I came in con- prise. But persistence worked wonders. then and there forever closed to me; tact passed me by. I consoled myself Instead of diffidently avoiding people I my face was toward Virginia. I must with the idea that they did not "under- forced myself to take the initiative. I take my brother's place. How? A stand" me. My inner feelings, hopes, made myself inquire solicitously about conundrum. ambitions, my highest aspirations, even our illiterate old huckster's boy when I I interviewed the lieutenants who had my ffs, seemed unique to me. Of really didn't care in the least. Gradu- been elected in the company, and who I course this is the pet delusion of youth, ally I found it less difficult to affect the had known in the academy. They skepbut I ftered my "difference" until it solicitude. It became genuine. I began tically consented to say nothing and became a habit. I set myself farther to find people warming up to me. It make no objections if no one else did. and farther apart by drawing back into was a long, laborious process, often I ransacked father's writing-desk. (in a shell of reticence. My New England painfully so. My husband slowly came his absence) and found his signature; ancestry manifested itself in an ever to "understand" me. That was several studied it, copied it sufficiently; drew growing repression. The world gave me years ago. My whole world has been up a written consent for me to enlist, a good living but turned me a cold changing ever since. That insatiable signed his name to it, and put it in my shoulder. I was good looking but un craving for inner warmth has lost its pocket-not for use against him, but to attractive. I grew more and more intro- edge. I get infinitely more fun out of ward off any outside interference. spective. I analyzed my own feelings living.
When the time came, and brother was minutely after each little hurt. I never Last week a friend said to me, "Wish ordered to report to the village, fifteen allowed a wound to heal without first you'd take the visiting committee. We miles away, to start for the front, father having probed it to the bottom. I was have a long list of shut-ins, and you (as I expected) directed me to harness secretly proud of my "sensitiveness"- have such a way-" Audibly I said, the horse and drive him to the station. nothing "thick-skinned" about me. I “Surely, glad to do it," and, inaudibly, I witnessed part of the pathetic parting longed with all my heart for warmth, just, “Thank you, God.”
scene between father, mother, brother, and offered in exchange cold repression.
and sister, and drove away. For me My marriage, coming as it did at this
"fair sailing” so far, but I well knew time, is still a marvel to me. If I had
that I was facing the acid test of my only allowed it to be, it might have
persuasive ability when brother met proved itself a real antidote to my men- THE MAKING OF A MAN brother at the railway village. The tal attitude toward life, but it didn't
company slept that night on the floor in
BY VOLUNTEER "take.” The thing grew insidiously
the ballroom. of the village hotel. I from sensitiveness into morbidity, from CIX Hundred Words? Will try
bunked with brother, slept little, awoke selfishness into envy. Finally, I was
Born on a hillside farm in New before daylight (and before he did); forced to admit that even my husband England, November, 1844; two miles put on his uniform and waited for himi didn't understand me. I was just "dif- from village and fifteen from railway. to awaken and dress. When this point ferent." There was never any open Early years doing chores on the farm, was reached, the battle was on. When break, only an undercurrent of inhar- and attended district school.
he came to learn my scheme, the lanmony, an incessant procession of little 1861! Environment: An aged father guage of his protests would not look hurts. I was continually pulling at and mother, a brother four years my well in print. I urged the conditions at right angles to the whole current of senior, a sister eighteen months my home to the best of my ability, and tried
junior. A large farm, with a larger to talk faster than he could. I think And then
mortgage covering it. Brother, a splen- his surprise and the fact that I had on I was sitting alone one afternoon in did farmer and the mainstay of our the “goods” (his uniform) weakened his one of the booths of our little ice-cream father. For farm service I was prop defense. While the battle still raged the parlor when I heard my name men erly considered a “no account;" tall, “Fall in" call sounded from the street, tioned directly behind me. I deliber- slender, frail, hollow-chested, after sur- and I rushed from the hall, formed in ately listened. I heard the same thing viving two attacks of what was then the rear rank, and when brother's name which eavesdroppers usually hear of called “lung fever.” A student in the was called I yelled, “Here," and continthemselves. Fortunately, though it was academy at the village two miles away; ued thus to yell during his period of not good of me, it was good for me. carried my provisions from home, enlistment.
"Yes, she'd be an addition to the club, roomed with a friend, swept and dusted The first six months in the army I but ..."
the school-rooms and rang the academy gained forty pounds in weight; was not Long pause here. My ears fairly bell in payment for tuition; my mind off duty one day of my service. The strained themselves to catch the next. keenly set upon a classical course at the open-air life and military training
"... so cold and distant. I just can't State University, fifteen miles away. straightened and strengthened my body; seem to get acquainted. If she'd only In the fall of 1862 came the crash! My my lungs expanded my chest and prowarm up just once, and give us half a brother enlisted; father and mother in duced a fair specimen of young manchance to like her.”
tears, fearing the battlefield and the hood. She went on, but I didn't hear the mortgage. My last analysis of the situ- Result: A well man, now well past rest. My first impulse was to dig down ation showed me it was "up to me" to threescore and ten years. Conscious of farther and farther into the sand of my take my brother's place in the ranks. having done “my bit” in the ranks in own reticence and hide my hurt. I knew this was only possible if it was that great struggle, of having faced the stopped just a moment. That instant's kept a perfect secret from the family; onrushing hosts of Pickett's charge at pause was the “to-be-or-not-to-be" in my went to the family physician, pledged Gettysburg in the ranks of Stannard's life. In the next few minutes, for the him to secrecy, and asked him to make Vermont Brigade, and finally to experifirst time in my life, I raised my head an examination of my lungs and give ence a firm establishment of my physiand looked at myself, rather than me his opinion of the effect of the army cal manhood. You ask, “Do you regret within myself. What I saw was not life upon me. His report was: "No the turn which you made?" My only flattering. I did some rapid and in- organic trouble, but lungs very weak; answer can ho, "No," and again, "No."
CHICAGO’S REMARKABLE SYSTEM OF FOREST
EOPLE at a distance from Chicago ances, and other artificial improvements The 18,000 acres of forest preserve in P are not apt to think of that great in limited areas set apart for such Cook County were acquired at a cost of
city of three million inhabitants things. Reforestation as well as preser- more than $7,000,000 within recent with its vast pulsating business center vation will be considered. With this in years, and form a perfect chain of woodas enjoying the luxury of natural view, one nursery with 250,000 seedling land about the city of Chicago. It is surroundings—woodlands and forest trees has already been established on predicted that some day they will form streams at its very door. Such, how the Desplaines River.
a world marvel of a public recreation ever, is the case. Eighteen thousand In working out the Plan of Chicago, place as well 'as an economic life belt acres of forest preserve contiguous to a vast scheme of civic improvement for the community. In connection with the city of Chicago are the property of which was started about fifteen years the development of the forest preserve the people of Cook County, and this ago and which eventually will involve system there is also going forward the area will be increased to forty thousand an outlay of approximately a quarter of construction of a system of concrete acres in the near future.
a billion dollars, cognizance was taken highways which have become known as The plan by which the Forest Pre- of the fact that, next to convenience and "county boulevards" to connect up the serve Commissioners are working will orderliness in street arrangements, the various preserves. preserve for the city five large outlying most essential thing in a great city is a For the camper and the seeker of parks. The tracts which will form sufficient park area. It was also real health and for rest and recreation these preserves all lie within the west- ized that modern cities must not con- Chicago's forest preserves present unern half of a circle, the eastern half of fine their parkland projects to their own rivaled opportunities for outdoor life which would be covered by Lake Michi- limits, but must go beyond them and and enjoyment. During the last two gan. With the intended lake-front de out into the open country to provide years it has not been unusual for 100,velopment, they will leave no quarter of recreation areas for their people. Every 000 persons to visit the preserves on the city far from open space and access European capital has its forest parks holidays. Roads and trails, many of to the beauty of nature. Even when the outside of its limits, but within easy which were opened generations ago by city has grown to envelop these several reach of its people. In this country the Indians, run in every conceivable preserves they will still guarantee it in other cities are acquiring outer terri direction in all the tracts. Traced and perpetuity a rich domain for normal tory for park purposes, and the people marked by signs erected by the district's acquaintance and contact with woods of Chicago are proud that their city has forest rangers, these trails make the forand streams and the life that inhabits been one of the most progressive in ests as accessible to-day as they were to them. The purpose is to keep them for America in the matter of forest pre- the Indians. the most part in a state of actual wilder- serves. There is no more beautiful In each preserve there are innumerness, concentrating the necessary build- country anywhere than the wooded ter able secluded spots along the banks of ings, ball grounds, playground appli- ritory around Chicago.
streams and at the edge of lakes where
camps may be pitched, a privilege free to all, the only requirement being that campers notify the caretakers of their plans and that they observe the rules which are similar to those in force in our National parks. Topographical maps of the forests enable visitors to select just the type of forest they are seeking. At the same time a complete index to animal life and wild-flower growth is available. By a simple reference one can establish the exact character of each one of the more than 18,000 acres at present cor.stituting the forest preserves. In the same way the course of streams and the location of lakes, both of which abound in the district, is made clear.
A specimen of the existing Chicago preserves is found in 1,200 acres of hilly woodland in the so-called Deer Grove tract, twenty-six miles northwest of Chicago. Here are native groves of shagbark hickory which are said to be unsurpassed in the United States, old Indian trails still following their immemorial courses, a small herd of deer roaming over 850 acres, a flock of five
THERE IS ROOM FOR THE FISHERMAN IN CHICAGO'S FOREST RESERVES hundred sheep, running streams and lakes of clear water in which fishermen boys and girls. There is also an emer- will in their natural surroundings, for find their zeal rewarded and to which gency hospital.
cages, bars, and chains will be replaced the blue heron and bittern resort. Wild Among the plans for the future are by more modern methods of restraint, ducks come in abundance. Quail and an arboretum, designed to be the great or will be so cleverly camouflaged that pheasants are a common sight. Song est in the world and which will include the animals will seem unhindered. The birds abound. The variety of shrubs every species of tree and shrub that can 200 itself will be divided into five secand wild flowers is extraordinary. For be grown in the latitude, and a zoölogi- tions, with a ridge skirting all the exthe special accommodation of poor chil. cal garden which will be unique among hibits, so that a panoramic view of dren there is an admirable camp equip- similar institutions of the world. The every animal is offered to the spectators ment at one end of the preserve. There latter feature has been made possible as they enter the garden. The five diare bunk houses, a cook house and a through the gift of a 300-acre site by visions will be tiered, with the last one, dining-room, an ice house, an athletic Mrs. Edith Rockefeller McCormick. The holding mountain lions, mountain goats, field, and boating facilities adequate for zoo, as planned, will give the impression and similar animals, towering mountainthe demands of four or five hundred of all sorts of wild animals roaming at like as a background.
T VER since the formation of this of the average Democrat. Democratic way it had always rooted and voted,
K Republic Congress has been ex free-trade principles are to him as his and their candidate was elected. He U perimenting with the tariff, and religion. But touch the pocketbook of won on a platform, among other things, we are little nearer a correct solution either good and hard with tariff legisla- of an immediate downward revision of of the matter now than at any time in tion which interferes with his personal the tariff, and everybody knew it. our history. It seems almost an ab- business, even though it conforms with Everybody knew, too, that a lowered surdity that a country like ours should the principles for which he stands, and tariff on sugar, one of Louisiana's chief after a hundred and thirty-odd years of see how quickly he will wake up. He products, would open the doors of our National existence be without a fixed will go to almost any length in order to markets to Cuba and other West Indian policy with respect to taxation of its im- protect himself against legislation in- islands, where sugar could be produced ports. The reason for this is to be imical to his business interests. But, cheaper than we could make it. In the found in the fact that tariff issues having succeeded, or having failed, it enthusiasm of the political campaign have become so thoroughly mixed matters little, he will be found right this fact seemed lost sight of. Louisiwith politics that they are incapable of back where he was before-stanchly ad- ana was Democratic, and must remain being unscrambled. It is almost a fore. vocating the tenets of his political faith. steadfast to its principles though the gone conclusion that when one meets a A conspicuous example may be cited heavens fall—and they did. But it was Republican one finds a more or less ar- in the following:
almost amusing to see the altered feeldent protectionist—a protectionist not The writer happened to be in New ing which prevailed in that section with of necessity because he believes in pro- Orleans during and after the first elec- the passage of the Underwood Tariff tection, but because the Republican tion of Mr. Wilson in 1912. Of course Act, which became a law within the party stands for protection and that is the Crescent City and the country there minimum of time after the new Adminenough. Much the same may be said abouts rooted and voted solidly in the istration went into office in the following spring. The bars were let down to vantage or disadvantage which might let down to the foreigner. They know Cuban sugar, and gloom prevailed till accrue to this or that community, group, that it is self-interest which prompts the Louisiana lobby at Washington suc- or class of business by reason of high such views, and decline to be frightened. ceeded in having some of the sting or low tariff, the economic question in It is true that we are more nearly taken out of the Tariff Bill, which en volved is, Will 'the country prosper the economically independent than any abled the sugar planters to live. But most by the protection of home industry other world Power, and the greatest did this alter the political complexion to the exclusion of materials and manu- market for our products is in our own of the State or a belief in the tariff factures of other lands, or will it not? country. "Still, true as this is," says principles for which the Democratic The question is as broad as the ocean Mr. John McHugh, of the Mechanics and party stands? Look at the returns for and has many ramifications.
Metals Bank of New York, "we cannot 1916.
True to its traditional principles, the now, if we would, withdraw our interWe know in advance to a certainty Republican Administration has written ests from other countries, except at that a change in Federal Administra- its Fordney tariff of the House, which terrible cost to ourselves, and at more tion will mean a new tariff, and, almost is now in the hands of the Senate Fi- than terrible cost to them.” automatically, the two parties line up nance Committee, where it is likely to Nobody wants to see free trade in the for or against tariff measures according undergo many revisions, for it is far United States. The idea is almost unto historic beliefs. The manifest ab- from being a popular measure. In prin- thinkable. No country has an absolute surdity of the thing lies in the fact that ciple it forgets that in the eight years free trade, and the tendency in all the tariff is a business and not a politi- since the writing of the Underwood European countries is now towards cal proposition that tariffs should be tariff world conditions have completely higher protection. Even England, which raised or lowered as business conditions changed. It does not take into account has always been held up by free-traders demand, rather than because there is a that if we are to sell to Europe we must as a conspicuous example of their different Administration in power. Time also buy, nor of the fact that if Europe theory, never was without import duties was when the ranks of the Republican is ever going to pay the money it owes in a moderate form, which even she is party contained a majority of those the United States it must pay in goods. now revising in an upward direction. But whose personal interests lay in protec- The Fordney Bill is not popular with the position of England and other Eurotion, but the business of production and the party responsible for its being even pean countries differs sharply from that manufacture is now so evenly distrib- with its high protective provisions, and of the United States. The same condiuted among the adherents of both fac- many manufacturers are asking that the tions which make for an upward movetions that party lines, so far as the Fordney tariff schedules be doubled. ment in their tariffs make for a downtariff is concerned, no longer cut much Protectionists have often quoted a ward movement in ours at this particuof a figure.
saying attributed to President Lincoln. lar time, when our country is under so The tariff has always been a political When asked to express his views on the heavy a moral obligation to our neighissue in this country, as one readily tariff, Mr. Lincoln is reported to have bors across the sea and they under so sees from reading our history. During said: "I do not know much about the heavy a money obligation to us. almost every Democratic Administration tariff, but I do know this much: when There is now a Tariff Board in Washthere has been a low tariff, and a high we buy goods abroad, we get the goods ington composed of two Democrats, one tariff when Republicans, or their pred- and the foreigner gets the money; when Progressive, and three Republicans. It ecessor Whigs, were in control. One we buy goods made at home, we get is said to be non-partisan, but it might may search in vain, however, for evi- both the goods and the money." This be as partisan as you please and it dence that business conditions differed, argument seems to have sunk deeply would make but little difference, as it back and forth, so sharply as to make into the American mind. Taussig, one has no power—it cannot even recomtariff revisions necessary at the time of of the foremost tariff authorities of the mend legislation. Its duties are merely the change in Administration.
country, contends that Mr. Lincoln, be- to collect data for use by the CongresIn view of the peculiar situation in ing a man of superior intellect, never sional committees having tariff legislawhich the United States finds itself to could have made a statement so faulty tion in charge. It is claimed by many day with respect to both its domestic in economic argument. The error of the that this is a useless commission, in and international relations that have alleged quotation is that foreign goods that it has no sources for obtaining income about as a result of the war, there are paid for in money, when every one formation not open to the Ways and is a large and increasing number of knows, or should know, that it is goods Means Committee of the House and the business men of both political faiths exported which pay for goods imported, Finance Committee of the Senate. In who, if they were to express an honest and that, except in a most limited way, the past there have been other tariff opinion, would say that the best inter- money never changes hands. It is the boards and commissions, also without ests of this country lie in reduced application of the mistaken principle power, and they have passed into the rather than in advanced tariffs. These contained in Mr. Lincoln's alleged quo- discard-a fate which will sooner or same men, however, know that an up- tation that has misled so many people later overtake the present Board unless ward revision is due from this Adminis- into thinking that by throttling imports the recommendation of the President tration and that nothing short of a through high tariffs "money” is kept at that it be clothed with a measure of adpopular uprising-something like that home and home industries and home ministrative power be complied with. which shortened the life of the “Tariff markets made to prosper.
The people who go to Washington and of Abominations" in 1828–can stop it. There are a great many people who appear before the Congressional commitNotwithstanding this belief, inwardly think that the present is no time to tees are people with axes to grind. held although not publicly expressed, tinker with the tariff; that it would be Were this not so, they wouldn't be there. all sorts and conditions of men, Demo- far the wiser plan to wait till we and The people with no axes to grind, and crats and Republicans, from East, the rest of the world have settled down whose only interest in high tariffs or South, North, and West, are in Wash- to a more nearly normal basis, when the low tariffs is that prompted by the genington, each with his little high-tariff or needs of ourselves and other nations eral weal, do not go. There isn't the low-tariff ax to grind. Camouflage argu- could better be understood. There are incentive for their going. The seekers ment as much as they please with eco- a great many people who think that if for special favors at the hands of Connomic theory, with proof conclusive the tariff is to be changed at all the gress know as well as another what is that a high tariff is the only kind of best interests of the country will be right, but if what is right interferes legislation which will save the country served by a tariff which will permit of a with their pocketbooks they will range from going to the well-populated “bow reasonable competition from abroad, themselves solidly for its protection and wows." or that low tariff will do the They are not alarmed by the cry of the are capable of advancing all kinds of arsame thing, the basis of their plea is protectionist that American factories guments to bolster up their contentions. self-interest. It is an age-old contro- and American workmen will be idle and Since it appears to be impossible to Tersy. Stripped of all question of ad- that calamity will ensue if the bars are keep politics out of the tariff as matters